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Full text of "Bulletin of Elon College, the, 1935-1941"

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Elon College, North Carolina 




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LIMPSE OF TH 




A GLIMPSE OF THE CAMPUS 




E CAMPUS 



Vol. XXXII 



February, 1936 



No. 1 



THE BULLETIN 

OF 

ELON COLLEGE 

FORTY- SEVENTH 
ANNUAL ANNOUNCEMENT 

FOR 

1936-1937 

AND 

CATALOGUE OF 1935-1936 







ELON COLLEGE 
Elon College, N. C. 

Bulletin Issued Quarterly 



Entered as second-class mail matter at the postoffice of Elon College, N. C. 
under the act of July 16, 1894. 



Member of 

THE ASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN COLLEGES 

and of the 

NORTH CAROLINA COLLEGE CONFERENCE 



College Calendar. 

Session 1936-'37. 



September 2-3 — Freshman Period. Fall Semester begins. 

September 3 — Registration Day for upperclassmen. 

September 5 — Annual Faculty reception. 

September 6 — Opening Address of the President. 

October 8 — Sophomore-Freshman Dinner. ~""'" 

November 15 — Subjects for Graduation Theses due. 

November 2 — Mid-semester grade reports due. 

November 19 — Elon Playmakers' Evening. 

November 26 — Thanksgiving Day. 

December 3 — Senior-Junior Dinner. 

December 6 — Elon Singers present Christmas Program. 

December 19, 12 :00 M-January 4 — Christmas Holidays. 

January 5 — Classes resumed, 8:00 A. M. 

January 16-20 — First Semester Examinations. 

January 21 — Registration day for Second Semester. 

January 22 — Classes for Spring Semester begin. 

January 28 — Freshman-Sophomore Dinner. 

February 13 — Mid-year Alumni Meeting. 

February 16 — Meeting of the Board of Trustees. 

March 1 — First Draft of Senior Essay due 

March 16 — Senior Dinner, given by President and Mrs. L. E. Smith. 

March 11 — Elon Playmakers' Evening. 

March 20 — Mid-semester Grade reports due. 

March 25- 31 — Spring Holidays. 

April 1 — Classes resumed, 8:00 A. M. 

April 10 — Elon Singers present: "The Seven Last Words of Christ." 

April 11 — Easter Sunday. 

April 15 — Complete Copies of Senior Theses due. 

May 1 — May Day Exercises. 

May 13 — Junior-Senior Dinner. 

May 18-22 — Second Semester Examinations. 

May 22-26 — Commencement Exercises. 

May 26— Meeting of the Board of Trustees, 9:30 A. M 



Board of Trustees. 



Leon Edgar Smith, D. D., President, ex officio . . .Elon College, N. C. 

Dr. W. H. Boone, Chairman Durham, N. C. 

Rev. P. H. Fleming, D. D., Secretary Burlington, N. C. 

J. H. Rountree, Acting Business Manager Elon College, N. C. 

TERM EXPIRES MAY, 1936. 

H. Shelton Smith, D. D Durham, N. C. 

Harry K. Eversull, D. D Cincinnati, Ohio. 

J. O. Atkinson, D. D Elon College, N. C. 

Rev. A. W. Andes Harrisonburg, Va. 

Hon. Kemp B. Johnson Fuquay Springs, N. C. 

Col. J. H. Harden Burlington, N. C. 

D. R. Fonville, Esq Burlington, N. C. 

Mrs. R. J. Kernodle Durham, N. C. 

Herbert A. Carlton Raleigh, N. C. 

John L. Farmer Wilson, N. C. 

J. Edward Kirbye, D. D Raleigh, N. C. 

W. A. Harper, LL. D Nashville, Tenn. 

TERM EXPIRES MAY, 1938. 

Col. J. E. West Suffolk, Va. 

Prof. L. L. Vaughan Raleigh, N. C. 

S. C. Harrell, D. D Durham, N. C. 

P. H. Fleming, D. D Burlington, N. C 

Chas. D. Johnston Elon College, N. C. 

E. L. Moffitt, LL. D Greensboro, N. C. 

C. H. Rowland, D. D Greensboro, N. C. 

Luther E. Carlton Paces, Va. 

Dwight Bradley, D. D Newton Centre, Mass. 

TERM EXPIRES MAY, 1940. 

J. E. Rawles, M. D Suffolk, Va. 

J. A. Williams Franklin, Va. 

Col. E. E. Holland Suffolk, Va. 

W. H. Boone, M. D Durham, N. C. 

J. A. Kimball Manson, N. C. 

W. Horace Day, D. D Bridgeport, Conn. 

Russell J. Clinchy Washington, D. C. 

Richard H. Clapp . New Haven, Conn. 

C. W. PcPherson Burlington, N. C. 

W. B. Truitt Greensboro, N. C. 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. 
L. E. Smith, C W. McPherson, W. H. Boone, S. C. Harrell, C. H. Row- 
land, L. L. Vaughan, and J. L. Farmer. 




The Faculty. 





LEON EDGAR SMITH, 

President. 

A. B., Elon College; M. A., Princeton University; D. D., Elon College. 

J. D. MESSICK, 

Dean, Head of the Department of Education. 

A. B., Elon College; University of North Carolina; Ph. D., New York 

University. 

FRENCH HAYNES, 
Dean of Women, Associate Professor of English. 
A. B., Meredith College; M. A., Ph. D., Cornell University. 

ALONZO LOHR HOOK, 

Registrar, Professor of Physics. 
A. B., M. A., Elon College; M. S., Cornell University. Additional Grad- 
uate work, Johns Hopkins University, University of Chicago, 
Duke University. 

JOHN URQUART NEWMAN, 
Professor of Biblical Language and Literature. 
A. B., University of North Carolina; Ph. D., Chicago University; Litt. 
D., LaGrande; D. D., Union College. 

HENRY L. SNUGGS, 

Head of the English Department. 

A. B., Wake Forest College; M. A., Ph. D., Duke University. 

JOHN WILLIS BARNEY, 

Professor of English. 

A. B., Elon College; Graduate work, Columbia University, University of 

Virginia, University of North Carolina. 

JOHN A. CLARKE, 

Professor of Foreign Languages. 

A. B., Hampden-Sydney College; M. A., University of Virginia; Ph. D., 

Columbia University. 

WALTON CRUMP WICKER, 

Head of the Department of Mathematics. 
A. B., M. A., Elon College; A. B., University of North Carolina; M. A. and 
Professional Diploma in Education, Columbia University; Litt. D., La 
Grande; D. D., Union College; Honorary Graduate Student. 
Johns Hopkins University. Additional graduate work, 
Columbia University, University of Virginia, Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, Duke University. 



8 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

NED FAUCETTE BRANNOCK, 

Professor of Chemistry. 

A. B., M. A., Elon College; M. S., Columbia University; Litt. D., Defiance 

College. Additional graduate work, John Hopkins University, 

University of North Carolina. 



COLEMAN C. GULLEY, 

Professor of Biisiness Administration. 



u 



A. B., M. A., Texas Christian University. 

RICHARD EVERETT BRICKHOUSE, 

Associate Professor of Business Administration. 

B. S., North Carolina State College of Agriculture and Engineering; 

Graduate Work. University of Pennsylvania. 

THOMAS EDWARD POWELL, 

Head of the Department of Science. 
A. B., Elon College; M. A., University of North Carolina; Ph. D., Duke 

University. 

REINARD HARKEMA, 

Professor of Biology and Botany. 
A. B., Calvin College; Ph. D., Duke University. 

DWIGHT STEERE, 

Director of the Music Department. 
A. B., M. A., University of Michigan. 

D. J. BOWDEN, 

Professor of Religion and Philosophy. 

B. S., Virginia Polytechnic Institute; B. D., Yale University. Has compleetd 

all residence requirements for Ph. D., at Yale University. 

MERTON FRENCH, 

Professor of Religion and Biblical Languages. 
A. B., Washburn College; M. A., Ph. D., Brown University. 

GEORGE L. CARRINGTON, 

Chief Surgeon Rainey Hospital, Professor of Health and Hygiene. 

A. B., University of North Carolina; M. A., Duke University; M. D., 

Johns Hopkins University. 






GRANVILLE T. PRIOR, 

Professor of History. 

A. B., Amherst; M. A., Brown University; M. A. Harvard University. 

Completed residence requirements for Ph. D., Harvard University. 

LAURA HOWARD, 

Professor of Home Economics. 
A. B., Woman's College of University of North Carolina; M. A., Columbia 

University. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number, 9 

DOUGLAS C. WALKER, 

College Coach and Physical Director. 
A. B., Elon College. 

ELLIS FYSAL, 

Assistant Coach and Director of Intra-Mural Sports. 
A. B., University of North Carolina; Graduate Student Ibid. 

MRS. G. P. COBB, 

Assistant Director of Physical Education for Girls. 

B. S., Woman's College of the University of North Carolina, Graduate Work 

at Columbia University. 

WILLIAM B. TERRELL, 

Principal Teacher Training. 
A. B., Elon College. Graduate work, University of North Carolina. 

LILA CLARE NEWMAN. 

Head Art Department. 

Ph. B., Elon College. Graduate work Columbia University and Harvard 

University. 

MRS. SUE CRAFT HOWELL, 

Head Commercial Department. 
A. B., La Grange College; M. S., North Carolina State College - 

FLOYD CHILDS, 

Expression and Physical Education. 
A. B, Brenau College; B. O., Brenau Conservatory. 

HELEN V. CHAMBLEE, 

Voice and Theory. 
A. B., Elon College; Graduate New England Conservatory. 

FLETCHER MOORE, 
Associate Professor in Piano and Organ. 
A. B., Elon College; M. A., Columbia University; Juliard School of Music. 

KAY RICHERT DEFFENBACHER, 

Violin. 
A. B., Carnegie Institute of Technology; graduate work at Carnegie, 

MRS. OMA U. JOHNSON, 

Librarian. 

A. B., Elon College. Graduate work Columbia University, 

MARTYN SUMMERBELL, Ph. D., D. D., 

Lecturer on Church History and Biblical Literature. 

JAMES OSCAR ATKINSON, A. B., M. A., D. D., 

Lecturer on Christian Missions. 









10 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

OFFICERS OF ADMINISTRATION. 

LEON EDGAR SMITH, A. B., M. A., D. D., President. 

J. D. MESSICK, A. B., Ph. D., Dean. 

FRENCH HAYNES, A. B., M. A., Ph. D., Dean of Women. 

ALONZO LOHR HOOK, A. B., M. A., M. 8., Registrar. 

JOHN H. ROUNTREE, A. B., Accountant and Acting Business Manager. 

GEO. D. COLCLOUGH, A. B., Field Agent and Financial Secretary. 

THELMA HULVEY, A. B., Secretary to the President. 

ANN RAWLES NEWMAN, A. B., Secretary to the Business Manager. 

EFFIE COWAN, B. S., Dietitian. 

MELVIN JAMES, R. N., Resident Nurse. 

ALFRED APPLE, Superintendent of Grounds. 

Mrs. NETTIE McLEAN, Asst. Supt. of Grounds and Buildings. 

EARL W. VICKERS, Superintendent oj Power Plant. 

PAIGE HOLDER, Director of Publicity. 




FACULTY COMMITTEES. 

The President is a member, ex officio, of all committees. 
Administrative — Dean Messick, Dean Haynes, Registrar Hook, Prof. Bowden. 
Alumni Cooperation— Professors Wicker, Clarke, Barney. 
Athletic — Professors Barney. Hook, Dean Messick, Mr. Rountree. 
Chapel Services — Professors French, Steer, Miss Howard, Miss Chamblee. 
Debates — Professors French and Prior, Miss Childs, Mrs. Johnson. 
Dramatics — Miss Childs, Miss Howard, Mr. Rountree. 
Admission and Credits — -Dean Messick, Dean Haynes, Registrar Hook. 
Library — Mrs. Johnson, Dean Haynes, Professors Snuggs and Prior. 
Literary Societies — Professors Brannock and Gulley, Mrs. Howell. 
Music Organizations— Professor Steer, Mr. Moore, Miss Chamblee. 
Practice School — Dean Messick. 
Property — Mrs. Johnson, Miss James, Mr. Rountree. 
Religious Organizatio?is — Professors Bowden, French, Newman, Mrs. Johnson 

and Mrs. Howell. 
ocial Clubs — Professors Gulley, Harkema, Dean Haynes, Dean Messick, Mrs. 

Howell, Professor Hook. 
Student Loans — Professors Clarke, Hook, and Mr. Rountree. 
Student Publications — Professors Snuggs, Gulley, and Coach Walker. 
Honors — Dean Haynes, Professors Harkema and Steere. 
Buildings and Grounds — Mrs. Johnson and Mr. Rountree. 



Bulletin of Elon College- 
Catalogue Number. 

For young men and young women who are ambitious and 
who desire assistance in the realization of their ambitions, this 
catalogue is prepared and presented. 

THE CHURCH COLLEGE. 

Great tasks challenged the hearts of those who first came to 
our shores. They were to build not only homes but also a nation. 
Foundations had to be intelligently laid. Governmental struc- 
tures required skill and efficiency. Skill and efficiency could be 
acquired only through schools and colleges. The whole of life had 
to be trained. 

The church accepted the challenge and entered upon the ad- 
venture. She began by founding schools and colleges that later 
grew into great universities — Harvard, Brown, Yale, Dartmouth, 
etc. Her principal purpose was to train ministers, that the gospel 
might be properly and efficiently proclaimed. The curriculum for 
the institution founded was selected with this end in view. Soos,. 
however, the need for more extensive training was evident. Teach- 
ers, lawyers, physicians, were required, and provisions were made 
for training in their respective professions. 

With this enlarged vision of the need of training, the state 
began to feel its responsibility and joined hands with the church 
that the youth of the nation might have improved scholastic ad- 
vantages. Eventually, the state assumed full responsibility for 
secondary education and also began to build great universities 
throughout the country, which meant, to a large extent, the dis- 
integration of institutions and academies privately owned and 
privately conducted. 

The church school survived this intrusion by the state — if it 
may be considered an intrusion — and is today an important fac- 
tor in the field of higher education. The individual church college 
is, as a rule, the property of a specific denomination, being that 
denomination's project for the training of its own leadership and 
its contribution to the wider aspects of society. 



12 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

In this particular, the Christian Church is no exception. In 
its early beginning in North Carolina and Virginia, there was a 
demand on the part of the church's leaders and constituency for 
an institution of higher learning. Men like Daniel W. Kerr, John 
R. Holt, W. H. Doherty, and W. S. Long, began movements in 
the interest of education which resulted in the appearance of Elon 
College. 

Elon College is Founded. — So persistent became the demand 
for a standard college for the Christians in the South that the 
Southern Convention convened in extraordinary session in Old 
Providence Church, Graham, N. C, September, 1888, for the 
purpose of receiving reports and recommendations of the Com- 
mittee on Schools and Colleges, looking toward the establishing 
of an institution of higher learning for the Church. The Conven- 
tion remained in session three days, and before adjourning ap- 
pointed a Provisional Board, consisting of Dr. W. S. Long, Dr. 
J. Pressley Barrett, Hon. F. 0. Moring, Col. J. H. Harden, and 
Dr. G. S. Watson, with power. This board received requests and 
offers from various localities and finally accepted the proposition 
of Mill Point, which consisted of twenty-five acres of land given 
by the late Hon. W. H. Trollinger, of Haw River, N. C, and 
twenty-three other acres of additional land, and $4,000 in cash, 
given by the citizens of the immediate community. 

The Presidents. — Dr. William S. Long was the first president 
of the College and served for four years. During his administra- 
tion, two buildings were erected — the Administration Building, a 
large and well-planned three-story, brick structure that housed 
the library, laboratories, the administrative offices, society halls, 
and classrooms for all departments; and East Dormitory, a room- 
ing house for girls, which still stands on the campus. Dr. Long 
had the vision, and to him goes the honor of laying the founda- 
tion for the "Greater Elon" that is ours today. 

Dr. W. W. Staley. — To succeed Dr. Long, who resigned, the 
Board elected Dr. W. W. Staley, the pastor of the Christian Church 
at Suffolk, Va. Dr. Staley agreed to serve, provided he be per- 
mitted to retain the pastorate of the Suffolk Church, continue to 
live in Suffolk, and serve the College as non-resident president. 
Dr. Staley served for twelve years, without salary. During his 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 13 

administration, the College was cleared of its debts and the ed- 
ucational interests of the Convention received a new impetus. 

Dr. E. L. Moffitt. — Dr. Staley, feeling that he must give his 
full time to the pastorate again, resigned as president of the Col- 
lege; and Dr. E. L. Moffitt was elected to succeed him. Dr. Mof- 
fitt served six years. During his administration, West Dormitory 
was built, which was designated as the girls' dormitory, and the 
East Dormitory, formerly occupied by girls, was assigned to 
boys. Under Dr. Moffitt's direction, the power house was erect- 
ed, providing modern facilities for all college buildings. This 
marked a long step forward for the college. 

Dr. W. A. Harper. — Dr. Moffitt resigned the presidency of 
Elon that he might be permitted to enter private business. Dr. 
W. A. Harper, then a member of the Elon faculty, was elected 
as president and served for twenty years. During Dr. Harper's 
administration, the Alumni Building, which is a combination build- 
ing of gymnasium and young men's dormitory, and Ladies' Hall 
were erected. On January 17, 1923, the Administration Building 
was destroyed by fire. Five new buildings — the Alamance, the Carl- 
ton Library, the Artelia Roney Duke Memorial Science, the Whitley 
Memorial Auditorium, and the Mooney Christian Education — 
were erected. This provides Elon College with adequate, modern 
equipment for college work. 

Dr. L. E. Smith. — Following Dr. Harper's resignation, June, 
1931, the College was without a president for practically one year. 
The Board elected Dr. L. E. Smith, who was at that time serving 
as pastor of the Christian Temple, Norfolk, Va., to succeed Dr. 
Harper. Dr. Smith is now serving in this capacity. 

Elon College is Chartered. — Application was made to the 
State of North Carolina for a charter. The application was grant- 
ed, and the charter is printed in the Private Laws of North Car- 
olina for 1889, as Chapter 216, and reads, in part, as follows: 

AN ACT TO INCORPORATE ELON COLLEGE. 
The General Assembly of North Carolina do enact: 

Section. 1. That W. S. Long, J. W. Wellons, W. W. Staley, G. S. Wat- 
son, M. L. Hurley, E. T. Pierce, W. J. Lee, P. J. Kernodle, J. F. West, E. 
E. Holland, E. A. Moffitt, J. M. Smith, J. H. Harden, F. O. Moring and 
S. P. Read, and their associates and successors, be and they are hereby 



14 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

created a body politic and corporate to be styled the "Board of Trustees of 
Elon College," and by that name to remain in perpetual succession, with 
full power to sue and to be sued, to plead and be impleaded, to acquire, 
hold and convey property, real and personal, to have and use a common 
seal, to alter and renew the same at pleasure, to make and alter from time 
to time such bylaws as they may deem necessary for the government of said 
institution, its officers, students and servants: Provided, that such bylaws 
shall not be inconsistent with the Constitution and laws of the United States 
and of this State. Also, to have power to confer on those whom they may 
deem worthy such honors and degrees as are usually conferred in similar 
institutions: Provided further, that said trustees shall not be individually 
liable for their acts and doings as trustees. 

Section 2. The affairs of said College shall be under the management 
of a board of fifteen trustees who shall be members of the Christian Church. 
A majority of the board shall form a quorum for the transaction of business. 
Said trustees may convey real estate by deed, under their common seal, 
executed by the president ana secretary of said board. They may hold office 
as the general convention of the Christian Church may specify or until their 
successors are elected. Said trustees shall hold their first meeting at Mill 

Point, in Alamance County, on the day of , 1889 ; 

afterwards, they shall meet on their own appointment; but of necessity, the 
president, with the advice of two trustees, may call a special meeting of 
the board, or any five members of the board may call such a meeting by 
giving notice to each member in writing at least ten days before the time of 
meeting. 

Section 3. That said institution shall remain at the place where the 
site is now located, in Alamance County, Boone Station Township, at the 
place now called Mill Point; and shall afford instruction in the liberal arts 
and sciences. And the trustees may, as they shall find themselves able and 
the public good requires, erect additional departments for such other branches 
of education as they may think necessary or useful. 

Section 4. That the board of trustees shall from time to time appoint 
a president and other officers and instructors, and also agents of the insti- 
tution, as may be necessary; and shall have power to displace or remove 
any or either of them for good and sufficient reasons; also fill vacancies which 
occur in the board by resignation, death, expiration of term of office, or 
otherwise, among said officers or agents, and prescribe and direct the course 
of study to be pursued in said College and its departments. 

Section 5. The president of the College shall be ex-officio a member of 
the board of trustees and president of the same, and in his absence the board 
shall elect one of its own members to preside for the time being, and if any 
of said trustees shall be permanently appointed president of said College, 
his office as trustee shall be deemed vacant and the board of trustees shall 
fill the same. 

Section 6. That said College and the said trustees shall at all times be 
under the control of the general convention of the Christian Church. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 15 

Section 7. The board of trustees shall faithfully apply all funds by 
them collected and received according to their best judgment in erecting 
suitable buildings, supporting the necessary officers, instructors and agents, 
and in procuring books, maps, charts and other apparatus necessary to the 
well being and success of the College. 

Section 8. The treasurer shall always, and all other agents when re- 
quired, before entering on the duties of their appointments, give bonds for 
the security of the corporation and the public in such penal sums as the 
board of trustees may direct, and with such sureties as they shall approve. 

Section 9. Property to the amount of five hundred thousand dollars 
held by said trustees for said College shall forever be exempt from taxation. 

Section 10. That it shall not be lawful for any person or persons to 
set up any gaming table or any device whatever for playing at any game of 
chance or hazard, by whatever name called, or to gamble in any manner, 
or to keep a house of ill-fame, or to manufacture spirituous or intoxicating 
liquors or otherwise to sell or convey for a certain consideration to any per- 
son any intoxicating liquors, within one and a half miles of said College; 
any person who shall violate any of the provisions of this section shall be 
guilty of a misdemeanor. 

Section 11. That all property, real and personal, and all choses in 
action that have been or may hereafter be conveyed, given, granted or de- 
vised, or that may have in any manner come or may hereafter come into 
the possession of said trustees for Graham College, shall vest in and belong 
to said trustees of Elon College, and the said trustees for Graham College 
are authorized to make or cause to be made such conveyances as will vest 
in said trustees for Elon College the title of all property heretofore conveyed, 
given, granted or devised to them, or which has in any manner come into 
their possession for Graham College, or that may hereafter be conveyed, 
given, granted or devised to them, in any manner, or come into their possess- 
ion for said Graham College. 

Section 12. That this act shall be in force from the date of its ratifi- 
cation. 

Ratified the 11th day of March, A. D. 1889. 

The Charter Amended: The General Assembly of 1909 enact- 
ed an amendment to this charter, allowing the College to have 
eighteen instead of fifteen trustees. 

The Charter Amended Again: The General assembly of 1913 
enacted an amendment to the charter, making the quorum of the 
Board of Trustees eight, and forbidding credit to minor students on 
the part of "any merchant, druggist, liveryman, agent or vendor," 
without written consent from the President or Dean of the Col- 
lege, or of the parent or guardian. 



16 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

A Third Amendment: The General Assembly, in its 1915 
session, upon the request of the Southern Christian Convention, 
the Board of Trustees concurring, again amended the charter, in- 
creasing the number of trustees to twenty-four. 

A Fourth Amendment: The 1917 session of the General As- 
sembly granted a further amendment to the charter increasing 
tax exemption on property held by the College to five million 
dollars. 

A Fifth Amendment: The Secretary of State for North Car- 
olina, on May 28, 1923, at the request of the Southern Christian 
Convention and the Board of Trustees, amended the Charter, 
permitting a total of thirty trustees, with a quorum of ten. 

A Sixth Amendment: Upon the merger of the Congregation- 
al and Christian Churches, in October, 1929, the Southern Chris- 
tian Convention authorized an increase in the number of trustees 
to thirty-six and to select six of them from the former Congre- 
gational constituency. This amendment was approved by the 
Secretary of State in May, 1930. 

A Seventh Amendment: The 1933 session of the General As- 
sembly granted an amendment to the charter, making it unlaw- 
ful to make or sell beer of any percent within the radius of a mile 
and a half of Elon College. This amendment was approved by 
the Secretary of State, May, 1933. 

Government. — The Board of Trustees is the final authority 
in the disposition of all matters of government and administra- 
tion. 

The Faculty is charged with the responsibility of conducting 
the affairs of the College from an administrative standpoint and 
otherwise plan for the institution's advancement. The Faculty 
meets with the President or, in his absence, with the Dean. 

The internal government of the College is quite satisfactory 
The aim has always been, and is, to have as few regulations as 
possible. The principle of honor is largely relied upon to main- 
tain discipline. Usually this policy yields the best results in con- 
duct, scholarship and character. The government is individual, 
considerate, yet firm and decided, seeking the good of the individ- 
ual student and not simply discipline as its end, the fundamental 
aim being to attain culture and courtesy and to cultivate Chris- 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 17 

tian character grounded upon the principles of right, duty, hon- 
or, propriety, and an earnest desire for truth. 

When a student registers, he, by that act, signs an agree- 
ment to obey cheerfully all the regulations of the College and to 
do whatever he may be able to upbuild the spirit and the tone 
of the institution; and failure to keep this agreement is consid- 
ered sufficient cause for asking him to withdraw. The spirit of 
the institution is so biased in this respect that few students fail 
to keep cheerfully these prescribed regulations. 

The Students. — Under the authority of the College, student 
government prevails at Elon, consisting of separate organizations 
for men and women. The Faculty has granted constitutions to 
the Senate (for men) and to the Council (for women). These 
constitutions, together with the by-laws of the two organizations, 
are printed in the Hand Book. 

The Dean. — -The Dean of the College has original jurisdic- 
tion over attendance on class, chapel and religious services for the 
men and the general conduct in men's dormitories. He is the 
official adviser of the Senate. He also represents the President 
when the latter is out of town. 

The Dean of Women. — The Dean of Women has original 
jurisdiction over attendance on class, chapel and religious services 
for the women and of permission of the women to leave town. 
She is the adviser of the student Council. 

The Dean of the College and the Dean of Women. — The two 
Deans of the College, in cooperation with the President, have 
jurisdiction over all of the social functions of the College. The 
officials of student government confer with the above officials 
as to advice regarding all social features connected with Satur- 
day night parties, sorority and fraternity banquets, etc. 

The Business Manager. — The Business Manager carries out 
the business and financial policies of the College as directed by 
the Board of Trustees. All business contracts must have his en- 
dorsement before they are binding on the College. He alone 
orders supplies for the College and its several departments, with 
the exception of supplies for the dining hall. In the purchase of 
food supplies, he places orders in consultation and cooperation 
with the College dietitian. 



18 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

He is the custodian of all the assets and properties of the 
College and is charged with the responsibility of seeing that the 
same are cared for and kept in order. 

The Registrar. — The Registrar of the College keeps a correct 
list of all applications for entrance, a correct roll of all matricu- 
lated students, regular and special, and has charge of all admis- 
sions, transcripts of records, grades, etc. 

The Faculty. — The Faculty, acting through the Deans and 
the President, have original jurisdiction over all matters of con- 
duct in regard to a student and a faculty member. The member- 
ship of a student in college is not a prerogative of student govern- 
ment. Extension and control of social privileges reside in the 
Faculty through the President and Deans, when desired. The 
Faculty may determine either before or after the trial by either 
student government organization what cases involve suspension 
or expulsion. The President has the final say in all cases of ex- 
pulsion. 

The President and Faculty may, from time to time, add to 
the printed traditional regulations of the College. 

The Faculty meets at 8:00 P. M., each first Monday in reg- 
ular session, from September to May, inclusive. Called meetings 
are held upon the call of the President. 

Faculty Committees. — In the interim of its sessions the Fac- 
ulty transacts its business through its committees. These com- 
mittees also are expected to report to the Faculty in session at 
its regular or called meetings and to preserve written records of 
their proceedings, filing copies in the office of the President. 
Their administrative transactions have all the force of Faculty 
action. These committees do not have legislative authority. 

The Cabinet. — The Cabinet consists of the President, the 
Deans, the Registrar, and the full professors in the Literary De- 
partment of the College. It meets upon the call of the President 
and exercises all the authority of the full Faculty. 

Proctors. — Each of the buildings for men has a proctor ap- 
pointed by the President or approved by him, and to the proctor's 
care the building as such and the general conduct of the studente 
housed in the dormitory are entrusted. 



The College Environment. 

The Location. — Elon College is located sixty-four miles west 
of Raleigh, seventeen miles east of Greensboro, and four miles 
west of Burlington, on the North Carolina division of the South- 
ern Railway. The railroad is the southern boundary of the cam- 
pus, and it commands a view of the college buildings. Highway 
Number 10-A is the northern boundary. 

Eight mail and passenger trains pass the College daily. The 
Short Line of the Carolina Coach Company passes the College, 
affording bus accommodations to the students to all parts of the 
country. 

The Campus. — The College Campus presents a most beauti- 
ful and attractive appearance. It is spacious and, for the most 
part, is covered by stalwart native oak and hickory. Through 
the courtesy of the J. Van Lindley Company, of Greensboro, N. 
C, additional shrubbery has been placed on the campus where 
such additions would add to the beauty and attractiveness of 
the grounds. The concrete walks and driveways add to its native 
beauty and charm. Its very atmosphere is a contribution to the 
development of manhood and vromanhood. The old well, famous 
in the early days before the College water system was installed, 
has been covered over and transformed into a summer house. 
The massive brick wall surrounding the campus lends dignity as 
well as protection and quietude. 

The Climate. — Climatic conditions contribute effectively to 
mental development. An extremely warm climate has a tendency 
to encourage indolence and mental inertia. Extremely cold cli- 
mates likewise have their disadvantages. The location of Elon 
forbids the extreme climatic conditions. Students are not sub- 
jected to the inconvenience and danger of extremes in tempera- 
ture. An average of 59 degrees is maintained throughout the 
year. In winter, of course, the temperature is lower; in summer 
it rises. But on the whole, the climate of Elon College is most 
attractive and is one of its great assets, sufficiently cool to en- 
courage energy and sufficiently warm to avoid discomfort. 



20 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

The Water Supply. — The College has the added asset of pure 
water. Water for the entire college group is pumped from a deep 
well on the campus. The North Carolina State Department of 
Hygiene regularly analyses the water, and it always reports "no 
polution." The state analysis is herewith appended: 

Reaction, alkaline; total number of acid forming bacteria, 0; colon 
bacilli in 10 c. c, 0; colon bacilli in 1 c. c, 0; no pollution. 

The Health of the Students. — The College authorities seek 
in every way possible to maintain and protect the good health of 
the students. In addition to providing pure, wholesome water, 
good food in sufficient quantities is carefully purchased and is 
thoroughly prepared under the direction and personal supervis on 
of the dietitian, who is thoroughly trained and experienced in her 
particular fine. 

The College also provides a trained nurse to care for the 
students from a health and a medical standpoint. 

The Religious Atmosphere. — Elon College is a church insti- 
tution, supported by the Congregational-Christian Church for the 
specific purpose of training young men and young women under 
strictly moral and religious influences. In order to accomplish 
this purpose, the Board of Trustees and Faculty have sought 
diligently to eliminate from the college campus and community 
all forces that make for wrong and evil. The manufacture and the 
sale of intoxicating liquors are forbidden within a radius of one 
and one-half miles of the College. This act is upheld and sup- 
ported by the laws of North Carolina. 

Moral and religious training are encouraged in every way 
possible. It is not the purpose of the College to change or uproot 
honest faith in any heart but to afford to every individual op- 
portunities for moral development and spiritual advancement. To 
this end, the College has provided a beautiful auditorium for wor- 
ship. Regular worship services are held each Sunday at 11:00. 
The weekly sermon is brought either by the pastor or by some 
visiting minister. Music for the hour of worship is furnished by 
the Elon College Choir. The program of music is always elabor- 
ate but devotional and is an asset to the individual in his devo- 
tions and worship. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 21 

The students have charge of Vespers conducted at 6:30 each 
Sunday evening. They arrange and conduct their own program 
of worship, which is always intensely spiritual. 

Sunday School is conducted in the Religious Education Build- 
ing each Sunday morning. The Sunday School is organized in 
keeping with the latest plans for efficient and effective work. All 
Sunday School, church services, and other religious activities on 
the campus are not for faculty and students alone but for the 
entire community. 

Chapel services are conducted in the auditorium on Wednes- 
days and Fridays of each week. These services are meant to be 
religious and spiritual, conducted by either some member of the 
faculty, a student organization, or a visiting speaker. The stu- 
dents also meet Monday morning of each week in the chapel of 
the Religious Education Building for announcements and matters 
pertaining solely to student interest. The president of the stu- 
dent body presides over these meetings. All students are required 
to attend the morning church service, and the chapel services, 
unless attendance at such services will do violence to their own 
religious convictions and practices. 

A further moral and religious influence is found in the ac- 
tivities of the Student Christian Association. This organization 
is composed of young men and women who are interested in the 
moral and spiritual growth of the students on the campus. The 
development of social consciousness and international understand- 
ing in addition to personal development, is an aim of this group. 
The committees through which the Student Christian Association 
functions include the following: Religious Programs Committee 
(which is responsible for the Sunday night Vesper Service), the 
Social and Recreational Committee, the Social Service Commit- 
tee, and the World Fellowship Committee. The last two com- 
mittees are primarily interested in the local community and in- 
ternational relations, respectively. 

The Elon Spirit. — The spirit of an individual, an organiza- 
tion, an institution, or a nation, determines to a great extent its 
influence o The influence determines largely its value. Everyone 
who comes in touch with Elon College or with a group of Elon 
College students is soon aware of that intangible and yet ever- 



22 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

present thing that we call "The Elon Spirit." It manifests itself 
in yells, songs, scholarship, honest dealings, fair play, mutual 
helpfulness, brotherly consideration, equality, fraternity, manli- 
ness, womanliness, gracefulness, deference for others, Christian 
dignity, and a consecrated and religious character. 

The Elon Spirit is manifested definitely, of course, on the 
campus itself, creating a spirit of respect for authority and indi- 
vidual faculty members, deference toward each other, and of 
courteous regard for visitors and particularly representatives of 
other colleges who may come for student gatherings, debates, 
athletic contests, etc. Without knowledge of working for or even 
the existence of such an honor, the Elon College student body 
was presented with an award of beautiful design by the president 
of the North Carolina Student Federation for displaying during 
1934 the best sportsmanship toward visiting students of any col- 
lege within the Conference. The award was received with sur- 
prise and great applause. This is only one evidence of the fine- 
ness and genuineness of the Elon Spirit. 



Buildings and Equipment. 



THE GREATER ELON GROUP. 

On January 18, 1923, the Administration Building, erected 
in 1889, was destroyed by fire. This necessitated a rebuilding 
program, which was undertaken in terms of the growth and de- 
velopment of the College. An architect, Mr. Herbert B. Hunter, 
with Mr. W. C. Cridland as landscape gardener consulting, was 
engaged to lay out the campus and grounds for the future de- 
velopment of the plant. It was decided to undertake at once 
the erection of five buildings, all of them fireproof, as follows: 

The Alamance Administration Building. — The Administra- 
tion Building was to be the center of the group and, of course, the 
most extensive. This building was to house the President's and 
Dean's offices, the business offices, the recitation rooms, several 
departments, and the literary societies of the College. 

The citizens of Alamance County expressed a desire to co- 
operate in the rebuilding of the College. A group of Alamance 
citizens agreed to undertake to raise $100,000 to pay for the 
erection of the Administration Building provided friends of the 
College outside of the county would raise a minimum amount of 
$200,000 for the erection of the remaining four buildings of the 
Greater Elon group. The College authorities accepted the chal- 
lenge of the citizens of Alamance and voted to call the new ad- 
ministration building by the county's name. 

The building is a three-story structure, of brick and rein- 
forced concrete, 200 feet long and 86 feet wide. 

The Carlton Library. — This building, the gift of Trustees P. 
J., H. A., and L. E. Carlton, and their sister, Mrs. T. S. Parrott, is 
120 feet long, 64 feet wide, three stories, and constructed of brick 
and reinforced concrete. The stack room has capacity for 187,- 
500 volumes. Besides offices and work room for the library force, 
the building contains fourteen professors' research and office 
rooms and seven students' seminar rooms. The reading room has 
seating capacity for one hundred readers. 



24 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

The L. H. Whitley Memorial Auditorium. — In memory of 
his father-in-law, Mr. L. H. Whitley, Mr. J. M. Darden lent 
$50,000 to assist in the erection of this building. Besides the reg- 
ular auditorium, the building also houses the Music Department. 
It is equipped with a four manual Skinner pipe organ, an extra 
practice organ, with grand and upright pianos, to meet every 
demand on the part of the musical student of the College. 

The Mooney Christian Education Building. — In memory of 
Rev. Isaac Mooney, his father-in-law, Mr. M. Orban, Jr., gave 
this building to the College. It houses the voluntary religious 
and social activities of the campus and supplies laboratory facil- 
ities for the School of Christian Education, containing a com- 
pletely graded Sunday School plant for the Week-Day Religious 
School and for the village Sunday School. The class rooms of the 
School of Christian Education are also in this building. 

So far as we know, this is the only building of its kind on a 
college campus in this country. 

The Duke Science Building. — In memory of their mother, 
Mrs. Artelia Roney Duke, a native of Alamance County, Messrs. 
J. B. and B. N. Duke donated $80,000 toward the erection of 
this modern, fire-proof science building. A full floor is assigned 
to each Physics, Biology and Geology, and Chemistry. The 
building is equipped throughout with the most approved scien- 
tific furniture and apparatus. 

OTHER BUILDINGS AND EQUIPMENT. 

The East Dormitory. — This is the only original building left 
on the campus. It is used as a dormitory for men. This building 
is a 40 by 60 foot, three-story, brick structure, completely over- 
hauled and fitted up with all modern conveniences. 

The West Dormitory. — Erected in 1905, is 158 by 46 feet, three 
stories, with a two-story brick annex, 40 by 60 feet. West Dorm- 
itory has a capacity on the second and third floors for 120 young 
ladies. The first floor is used for living quarters for lady Faculty 
members, for guest rooms, and for reception halls. The annex 
contains the two dining halls and the ladies' gymnasium. 

The Alumni Building. — Erected in 1912. It is the gift of the 
Alumni to Alma Mater. It is a three-story, brick structure and 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 25 

is used as a dormitory for men, with a men's gymnasium on the 
first floor. 

Ladies' Hall. — Erected in 1913. This is a two-story brick 
structure, 40 by 100 feet, with a capacity for 64 young ladies. 
This building was completely overhauled so as to present at" 
tractive accommodations for roomers for 1935-36. 

Men's Hall. — This building is off the campus and was not 
erected for a dormitory, though it has been renovated and made 
into a comfortable rooming house for young men. It has accom- 
modations for about 60 young men. 

West End Hall. — This is a fourteen-room dwelling adjoining 
the campus and is used as a teacherage for faculty members. 

The Power Plant. — The power plant is a brick structure and 
is the central station for heat, light, water and other service 
functions of the College buildings. 

Athletic Field.- — The athletic field contains thirty-four acres, 
conveniently situated, and is sufficient for all sports. 

DEPARTMENT STUDIOS. 

Music. — Five studios and twenty-two practice rooms in the 
Whitley Memorial Building. The Mason and Hamlin Concert 
Grand Piano, the Duo-Manual Estey Organ, and the four man- 
ual Skinner Organ in the building are available for special teach- 
ing and concert purposes. 

Art. — The Art studio is on the third floor of Alamance Build- 
ing. 

Expression. — The Expression studio is on the second floor of 
Alamance Building. 

Home Economics. — This Department is adequately equipped 
and occupies the entire south side of the third floor of Alamance 
Building. 

Practical Arts. — This Department is on the third floor of the 
Alamance Building. 

Business. — The department for business instruction, includ- 
ing Shorthand, Typewriting and Bookkeeping, occupies the east 
end of the third floor of Alamance Building. 



26 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

OTHER OFFICES AND ACCOMMODATIONS. 

Administrative Offices. — On the first floor of the Alamance 
Building are the offices of the President, Registrar, Business Man- 
ager, and the Deans. 

Infirmary. — The Infirmary is on the first floor of West Dorm- 
itory. The equipment for the Infirmary was donated by Dr. J. 
E. Lincoln and Mrs. S. W. Lincoln. 

Dining Halls. — The dining halls are in West Dormitory an- 
nex. 

GENERAL EQUIPMENT. 

All of the college buildings are equipped with modern con- 
veniences, including electric lights, steam heat, running water and 
baths. The furniture is simple, yet substantial and durable. The 
equipment of classrooms, lecture halls, laboratories, and the sev- 
eral departments is of the most approved type. 



Organizations and Publications. 



The College Church. — Elon College Community Church is 
composed of faculty members, students and townspeople. The 
church services are held each Sunday in the College Auditorium. 
The pastor of the Church is Rev. Leon Edgar Smith. Ministers 
from other denominations are, from time to time, invited to oc- 
cupy the college pulpit. 

The Church School. — The Community Church, together with 
the College, maintains a Church School. The superintendent, with 
the President, pastor and Deans, appoints the teachers. The 
teachers of the school come largely from the College faculty. 
The Church School meets each Sunday morning at 10 o'clock. 

The curriculum of the Church School is founded upon the 
regular graded lessons for children, and International lessons for 
adults of the community. The curriculum of the college student 
classes within this Community Church is based upon "interest 
groups" led by members of the college faculty. 

Subjects chosen in each group will be pursued for a period 
of two or three months, or for the entire year, depending upon 
the judgment of the superintendent, faculty advisor, and students 
involved. The subjects discussed during the year 1935-'36 in- 
cluded: 

1. International Church School Lesson. 

2. Moral and Religious Aspects of Current Social Problems. 

3. Moral and Social Aspects of Immediately Current Events. 

4. Common Trends in the Development of Religion. 

5. What Can Students Believe regarding Prayer, Jesus, 
God, etc. 

Student Organizations. — The Students Christian Association' 
and the Ministerial Association of the College, form the Relig- 
ious Activities Organization; and this organization is charged with 
the responsibility of providing religious, cultural and spiritual 
nurture for the students from the students' standpoint. These 
organizations forming the Religious Activities Organization retain 
their separate identity and have their individual organizations. 



28 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

It is a fine illustration of cooperative effort in the interest of the 
enlarged religious life of the student body. Together, they see 
that helpful and inspirational programs are provided for Vespers 
each Sunday evening at 6:30, and in various other ways contri- 
bute to the religious instruction and spiritual life of the College. 

Literary Societies. — The Dr. Samuel Johnson Literary So- 
ciety, replacing the Clio Society, was organized January 9, 1935, 
with a charter membership of fifteen. This organization endeav- 
ors to combine literary work with debating and an analysis of 
current problems in a manner that will insure the greatest possi- 
ble development of its members. 

Departmental Clubs. — There are three departmental clubs at 
Elon, the English, Science and Social Science Clubs, which meet 
twice a month under faculty supervision. Students who have 
made an average grade of 80 per cent in all subjects represented 
in the Club are eligible to associate or full membership. The pur- 
pose of the Clubs is to aid the student who shows a special in- 
terest in one of these fields to obtain a broad outlook on his subject, 
to give reports, and to prepare for graduate or professional work. 

Class and Other Organizations. — Each of the classes in the 
College has its own organization. These class organizations tend 
to develop class and college spirit, and have proved very helpful. 
Each class selects its motto, pin or other distinctive mark, color, 
flower and its own officers. Each class, when it organizes in its 
freshman year, elects a head of some literary department, other 
than the President or Dean, as its Faculty Adviser. The classes 
hold their meetings after public announcement on the bulletin 
boards, and all such occasions should be attended by the Faculty 
Adviser. 

No. organization of students can be effected without the Fac- 
ulty's common consent and approval; and no called meetings of 
any regular organization can be held without permission from 
the Dean. The freshman class may not organize before the first 
Tuesday in October. 

The Alumni Association. — This is a voluntary organization 
of the graduates of the College. It meets in mid-year session in 
February for the purpose of transacting business and laying plans 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 29 

for the assistance of the College by the Alumni. Its annual bus- 
iness meeting is held on the afternoon of Tuesday of each com- 
mencement. 

The Association raised part of the money to pay for the 
Alumni Building named in its honor. The Class of 1913 has the 
distinction of launching this movement. 

Every ten years a special Alumni Bulletin is printed, giving 
a complete list of the Elon Alumni. 

The Elon Music Club. — This Club, made up primarily of 
students, seeks to advance all things musical. 

Elon Singers.— This is a mixed chorus of students, organized 
for two purposes. As the College Choir, it regularly furnishes the 
music for the Sunday morning services of the Elon College Com- 
munity Church. As the Elon Singers, it presents concerts, both 
sacred and secular, in various communities in this and nearby 
states. A number of trips are taken annually. Its membership 
is open to the entire student body. 

The Elon Festival Chorus. — This chorus is open to all stud- 
ents, members of the Faculty, and towns people from Elon College 
and surrounding communities, who are interested in choral sing- 
ing. The purpose is to present, from time to time, standard 
oratorios and other interesting works for chorus. 

College Band. — This student organization, under the direc- 
tion of Landon Walker, furnishes music for football and basket- 
ball games and other college functions. Training is offered to 
those students who own or can play band instruments. 

College Orchestra. — The orchestra has been recently re- 
organized under the leadership of Landon Walker. It is expected 
to take an increasingly active part in college affairs. 

The Playmakers of Elon College. — The work in dramatics, 
the practical application of the principles of this department, is 
provided through the Playmakers of Elon College. Through this 
organization, students, from time to time, take part in staging 
original and other plays. The Playmakers of Elon College are 
members of the Carolina Dramatic Association, and take part in 
all of its activities. 



30 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

Social Clubs. — Social clubs for both sexes are permitted by 
the Faculty. The conditions under which they are recognized and 
the regulations by which they are governed are set forth in the 
Hand Book. The clubs that are recognized are as follows: 

For Men. — Kappa Si Nu; Iota Tau Kappa; Sigma Phi Beta. 

For Women. — Delta Upsilon Kappa; Tau Zeta Phi. 

Honor Societies. — In 1929 the Alpha Chapter of Pi Gamma 
Mu, the national social science honor society, in North Caro- 
lina, was installed at Elon College. The purpose of this organiza- 
tion is to give recognition to those students, alumni or faculty 
members who have attained distinction in the social sciences. 
Elections are held each spring, at which time seniors and others 
who are eligible are received into the membership of the society. 

In the fall of 1932, Elon College secured a chapter of the 
national honorary dramatic fraternity, Delta Psi Omega, thus in- 
suring not only local, but national recognition and contacts for 
those whose work in dramatics merits distinction. 

The Elon College Bulletin. — The College Bulletin, issued not 
less than four times the year, is for free distribution. The Feb- 
ruary number is the College Catalogue. These bulletins give in- 
formation concerning the College and contain announcements of 
its plans and achievements that are of public interest and general 
concern. The catalogue and bulletins are sent on request. 

The Hand Book. — The Hand Book is issued annually and con- 
tains indispensable information for students. It is the basis for 
the internal government of the College. Each student is furnish- 
ed with a copy upon registration, and each freshman is required 
to pass an examination on its contents during Orientation Period. 

The PhiPsiCli.— The PhiPsiCli is the College Annual, edited 
under the supervision of the Faculty by the Senior Class. It is 
throughly imbued with the Elon Spirit and takes its rank among 
the best of such college media of thought and life. This annual, 
first brought out in 1913, has become an annual publication. 

The Maroon and Gold. — This is the student weekly publica- 
tion. The officers and directors are elected by the Junior Class, 
though the class is not restricted to its own membership in mak- 
ing selections. 



Lectures and Public Exercises. 



The Summerbell Lectures. — Dr. Martyn Summerbell, Lake- 
mont, N. Y., is non-resident Professor of Church History and 
Biblical Literature in the College; and each year, when his health 
permits, he delivers a course of three or more lectures in his de- 
partment. 

The Mission Lectures. — Dr. J. 0. Atkinson, who was a mem- 
ber of the original Faculty of the College, a former College 
Pastor, now Mission Secretary of the Southern Convention of 
Congregational-Christian Churches, each year gives a course of 
lectures on Christian Missions. 

Vesper Recitals. — At least once a month Vesper Recitals are 
presented under the auspices of the Department of Music. These 
programs are presented by visiting artists, members of our own 
music faculty, and advanced students in the Department of Mu- 
sic on Sunday afternoons during the college year. 

Expression Recitals. — The Department of Expression gives 
two public recitals during the College year. It also presents plays 
from time to time. 

Art Exhibit. — The Art Department gives an annual exhibit 
of its pupils' work during the commencement season. The ex- 
hibit takes place in the Art Studio of the Alamance Building. 

Public Receptions. — The Faculty gives a public reception to 
the students on Saturday after the College opens in September. 
This is a formal reception. 

Inter-Collegiate Debates. — Inter-collegiate debates, for which 
the speakers are chosen in competitive public contests, are, from 
time to time, arranged for with other colleges. All public debates 
of every character are under the control of the Faculty Com- 
mittee on Debates. The College is a member of the North Caro- 
lina Inter-Collegiate Debating Association. 

Inter-Collegiate Peace Contest. — Annually, Elon partici- 
pates in the North Carolina Inter-Collegiate Peace Contests, for 
both men and women. 



32 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

Smith Orator's Medal. — An appropriate and beautifully de- 
signed medal is given annually to that matriculated student of 
Elon College who, in the judgment of competent judges, delivers 
the best original oration in contest for the medal. The medal is 
given by President L. E. Smith. 

Entertainments. — All public entertainments and exercises 
given on the campus are under strict supervision of the faculty. 
The expense of these entertainments may be provided for either 
by the sale of tickets or free-will offerings, as the faculty may 
approve. It is the plan of the College to arrange for a lyceum 
course that w r ill bring exceptional talent to the College for the 
benefit of faculty and students alike. Season tickets may be pur- 
chased for the entire course. 

Banquets. — President and Mrs. L. E. Smith give an annual 
banquet to the Senior Class in the Y. W. C. A. Social Hall, in 
April. 

Each of the social clubs gives an annual banquet; and at ap- 
pointed times, the sophomores entertain the freshmen, the fresh- 
men entertain the sophomores, the seniors entertain the juniors, 
and the juniors entertain the seniors with formal dinners served 
in the dining hall. 

Teas. — President and Mrs. L. E. Smith give a garden party 
to the Senior Class, Faculty members, Alumni, and visitors on 
the afternoon of Monday of each commencement. 

Weekly teas are held in the social and recreational room of 
West Dormitory at 5:00 P. M. on Wednesday. Facu 1 ' ' and 
students mingle freely on these occasions. 

Commencement. — The annual commencement is the most 
important public exercise of the year. It always begins on Sat- 
urday before the fourth Sunday in May. For the roster of events 
entering into this important event, see the College Calendar on 
page 5. 



College Athletics. 



It is the aim of the College to encourage participation in 
athletics on the part of all students rather than on the part of 
the few, as it is believed that in well-regulated athletics is found, 
for the great majority of College men, the best solution of the 
problem of national and effectual physical training. There is no 
athletic fee, and all may take part. The choosing of varsity teams 
is a matter of merit, and any one may make application to the 
Coach and try for any team to represent the College. 

Provision is made for football, basketball, baseball, track 
and tennis, under the supervision of the College Coach, Director 
of Physical Training for Men, and Graduate Manager, but these 
sports take the place of the regular physical training work only 
during the season of a sport. 

Elon is a member of the North Carolina Intercollegiate Ath- 
letic Conference and the North State Intercollegiate Athletic As- 
sociation. 

Elon allows inter-collegiate athletics on the part of its young 
men, subject to the following regulations, which govern all such 
contests: 

REGULATIONS GOVERNING INTER-COLLEGIATE ATHLETICS. 

1. Inter-collegiate games are allowed under Faculty supervision. 

2. The Athletic Council is not permitted to make debts which it is 
not prepared to pay, and all of its finances are to be transacted through 
the Business Manager's office. All gate receipts and money for sale of sea- 
son tickets shall be received directly by the Graduate Manager or the Bus- 
iness Manager's Assistant. 

3. No student is eligible to play in any in^er-collegiate game during 
any semester unless he was a registered student within two weeks after the 
beginning of the semester, and was taking full work, which means as 
many as twelve hours of literary work at least, or its equivalent, and pass- 
ing at least nine hours of work. An advanced student not registered in the fall 
may play in the spring, provided he has in a previous year satisfactorily 
completed a semester's work. 

4. No student can represent the College in any athletic event who has 
not conducted himself in an exemplary manner throughout the entire Col- 
lege year, the Faculty judging in each instance. 



34 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

5. A Faculty representative shall accompany the team on a trip, at 
which times the same College regulations, as to student deportment, are in 
force as at the College. 

6. The Athletic Varsity "E" shall be awarded at the close of each 
inter-collegiate athletic season by the Athletic Council, on the recommen- 
dation of the Coach, to the members of the inter-collegiate team who have 
fulfilled the requirements. The award shall include athletic ability, schol- 
arship, and deportment, the Athletic Council judging. The Athletic Council 
reserves the right to withhold awards in the case of first year men on any 
team until after the close of the semester in which they participate. 

7. In the event that the winner of the varsity insignia shall allow a lady 
student or faculty member to wear his insignia, he forfeits the right to wear 
any insignia during such time. The Athletic Council may at any time 
withdraw the right to wear the letter for conduct, in their judgment, merit- 
ing such penalty. 

8. A student shall be allowed to add a service stripe to the varsity "E" 
for each additional year of the same sport on the same conditions as stated 
in rule No. 6. 

9. The arrangement for all inter-collegiate games shall be under the 
management of a committee of the Faculty, known as the Athletic Council. 
The transactions of this committee shall be subject to the approval of the 
President, and the Graduate Manager's signature shall be necessary before 
any contract for games is binding on the Athletic Council. 

10. The captain of the next year's team is elected at the conclusion of 
the season of each sport by his teammates, the Coach acting as chairman. 



Degrees, Honors, Etc. 



Collegiate Degrees. — The College confers the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts upon those who complete the requirements for 
graduation. 

Honorary Degrees. — The College confers the honorary de- 
grees of Doctor of Literature, Doctor of Divinity, and Doctor of 
Laws. These honors are, however, seldom conferred, and then 
only upon those who deserve them and will reflect credit upon 
the degrees. In no event will the College confer more than three 
such degrees at one commencement. All who receive such de- 
grees are required to be present when the degree is conferred. The 
degrees are formally conferred. The names of all persons receiv- 
ing such degrees from Elon are published in the Alumni Number 
of the College Bulletin, issued once in ten years. 

Certificates. — Departmental Certificates will be given those 
who have completed the course in Music, Art, Expression, or 
Physical Training, provided that each student shall have com- 
pleted fifteen units of literary work as required for entrance to 
the College, and have completed the requirements for a major in 
some one of the College departments, with an average of at least 
C for the work done both in the special department and the 
college departments. In lieu of a major, the candidate may offer 
fifteen year hours of Freshman literary work. A certificate may 
be secured in the Commercial Department upon the completion 
of a one year's course as outlined by that department. No certifi- 
cate is given in the literary departments of the College. 

Diplomas. — Departmental diplomas will be granted to those 
who complete four years of such work in a single department, 
averaging C and in addition two literaiy department majors, or 
sixty semester hours of Freshman and Sophomore literary work. 

Term Graduation Papers. — A term paper in the field of his 
major or in a department in which he has as many as 18 semester 
hours of work, must be prepared by each candidate for a degree. 
The details of this requirement are given in the Hand Book. 

Honors. — Students who have completed the 120 semester 
hours with 360 quality credits will receive the distinction Summa 



36 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

Cum Laude; 300 quality credits, Magna Cum Laude, and 240 
quality credits, Cum Laude. 

The honor of being valedictorian of his class goes to that 
member of the graduating class who has, during the four years 
of his college course, taken at Elon, made the highest average 
grade in literary work. 

The honor of being salutatorian of his class goes to that 
member of the graduating class who has, during the four years 
of his college course taken at Elon, made the next highest aver- 
age grade in literary work. 

Quality Points. — Beginning with the fall semester of 1934-35, 
the quality point system was inaugurated. 120 quality points 
will be required for graduation in addition to the 120 semester 
hours of literary credits as heretofore required. 

In the quality point system, when a student attains a grade 
of A he may receive 3 quality points for each semester hour. 
On such a grade which enables the student to receive a credit of 
3 semester hours, that student will obtain 9 quality points to- 
ward graduation. 

The schedule of quality points is as follows : 

A — 3 quality points for each semester hour. 
B — 2 quality points for each semester hour. 
C — 1 quality point for each semester hour. 

Reading for Honors. — The purpose of the plan of reading 
for honors is to encourage those students who have the ability 
and ambition to study independently to go beyond the minimum 
standards of the regular courses. The plan provides for the best 
students a program of training which, alike by its freedom and 
severity, will develop them to the utmost. To this end, the 
Faculty will admit from each rising Senior class a limited number 
of students for the Degree with Honors. The candidate must 
have maintained an average of A — during his three years in col- 
lege. At the discretion of the professor in whose field he is read- 
ing, the candidate may be allowed a certain liberty in class at- 
tendance and in the taking of examinations. His reading in his 
major field will be directed by his major professor; in addition, 
reading of a general cultural nature will be assigned by the Hon- 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 37 

ors Committee. Frequent conferences on the reading will be held 
with the major professor. The candidate must take a general 
final examination in his major field before a committee made up 
of his major and minor professors, the Dean, and two others ap- 
pointed by the President, of whom one must be from another 
institution. The candidate must present a thesis which shows 
his ability to assemble and interpret study materials. 



Scholarships, Loan Funds 
and Medals. 



Scholarship Committee. — The President and the Scholarship 
Committee of the Faculty award all scholarships. No scholarship 
will be awarded to a high school graduate whose average has been 
less than C, and none will be awarded later than July 1st. All 
scholarships are awarded on the condition that the student will 
average not less than C on his College work. No scholarships are 
awarded in Commercial, Music, or other special departments. 

Alumni Scholarship. — The Alumni Association, in session on 
June 1, 1909, established a scholarship in Elon College. This 
scholarship is awarded in the literary department, and is of the 
value of $75.00 a year. 

Elon High School Scholarships. — The Board of Trustees offer 
scholarships to one graduate of any high school of which an Elon 
graduate is principal or superintendent, or a teacher in high school 
work. Said scholarship is good for one year, and covers tuition 
in the literary branches. The candidate is to be satisfactorily 
recommended by the principal or superintendent and approved 
by the Faculty Committee on Scholarships. The number of such 
scholarships is limited to ten. 

Public High School Scholarships. — The Board of Trustees 
offer ten free tuition scholarships upon the recommendation of 
the principal or superintendent of approved high schools, subject 
to the approval of the Faculty Committee on Scholarships. 

The J. J. Summerbell Scholarship. — In consideration of a 
bequest of $1,000 for that purpose, left the College by the late 
Dr. J.J. Summerbell, the President of the College each year will 
award a $60.00 tuition scholarship, in either the College or one 
of the special departments, good for the succeeding year, to that 
member of either the Freshman, Sophomore, or Junior class, who 
shall write the best thesis on "The First Commandment and the 
Unity of God." The same is to be adjudged by a committee of 
the Faculty. Theses in this competition are to be typewritten 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 39 

and in the President's hands, the name of the writer accompany- 
ing in a sealed envelope, not later than May 1st. 

The Barrett Scholarship. — In memory of Dr. J. Pressley Bar- 
rett, an original trustee of the College, the trustees have founded 
the Barrett Scholarship, to be awarded some worthy Freshman. 

The Long Scholarship. — In remembrance of Dr. W. S. Long, 
founder and first president, a free tuition scholarship is awarded 
each year to some worthy member of the Freshman class. 

The Staley Scholarship. — In memory of Dr. W. W. Staley, 
second president, a free tuition scholarship is awarded annually to 
some member of the Freshman class. 

The Moffitt Scholarship.— Dr. E. L. Moffitt, third president, 
awards annually a free tuition scholarship to some member of the 
Freshman class. 

The Martyn Summerbell Scholarship. — Dr. Martyn Summer- 
bell of Lakemont, N. Y., each year awards a scholarship to some 
worthy member of the Freshman class. 

The Bowling Fund.— Dr. E. H. Bowling, Durham, N. C. T 
has created a fund to be used in the education of deserving stud- 
ents, preferably candidates for the ministry. Those who are ac- 
cepted as beneficiaries of this fund will receive $60 per year to be 
applied to their account with the College. They will give an 
interest-bearing note at 6 per cent for the same, with acceptable 
security, and will begin to pay the money back, at least one note 
a year, immediately after graduation. The title of this fund will 
remain in the College, but it is to be perpetually used for the 
purpose indicated. Awards of funds are made by the President. 

The Amick Fund. — Dr. T. C. Amick, formerly of the College 
Faculty, has created a fund to be loaned to deserving students at 
6 per cent interest. The President lends this fund on proper secur- 
ity. 

The Clarke Fund.— Dr. J. A. Clarke of the College Faculty 
has created a loan fund for deserving students. The Business 
manager lends this at 6 per cent interest on proper security. 

Ministerial Loan Fund.— The treasurer of the College is the 
custodian for the loan fund of SI 3, 03 1.49 of the Southern Con- 



40 Bulletin of Eton College — Catalogue Number. 

vention of Congregational-Christian Churches. It is loaned to 
ministerial students upon the recommendation of a committee 
appointed by the Convention. 

The Eastern Virginia Conference Ministerial Fund. — By an 

agreement with the authorities of the College, whereby the East- 
ern Virginia Conference relinquished certain bonds owned by it, 
there is provided a special fund for ministerial stueents from that 
conference. The value of this fund is $180 per year, but it is pro- 
vided that no one student shall receive over $100 in any one year. 
If there are two or more ministerial students from that confer- 
ence, the $180 is to be equally divided. It is further provided 
that if there are no students who qualify, the fund is not cumu- 
lative. 

The Masonic Fund. — The Grand Lodge of North Carolina 
has given the College $2,500 to be loaned to seniors in College, 
on acceptable security. 

The Knights Templar Educational Loan Fund. — Under the 
rules of the Grand Commandary, students in Elon College may 
secure loans from this fund. 

The McLeod Fund.— The family of the late Prof. M. A. 
McLeod have established a fund of $2,500, the interest on which 
is to be loaned to worthy students on proper security. 

The John M. W. Hicks Loan Fund.— Mr. John M. W. Hicks 
of Raleigh, N. C, and of New York City, has established this 
fund for needy students. The initial amount of the fund was 
$175. The donor hopes that it may be materially increased. It 
is to assist members of the Junior and Senior Classes. 



Endowment and Sources of Income. 



Tuition and Fees. — The income from tuition in the literary 
and special departments constitutes a chief and growing source 
of revenue for the support of the College. The income from fees, 
matriculation and departmental, is used to pay the incidental 
expenses of the College and of the departments. Besides these 
sources of income and gifts from friends from time to time on 
current expenses, the College has the following sources of reve- 
nue: 

The O. J. Wait Fund. — This fund was a bequest from Rev. 
O. J. Wait, D. D., of Fall River, Mass., the amount, one thousand 
dollars, being the first bequest that came to the College. 

The Francis Asbury Palmer Fund.— Of this fund twenty 
thousand dollars was given by Mr. Francis Asbury Palmer, of 
New York, before his death. The remaining ten thousand dol- 
lars having been provided for in his will, became available soon 
after his death. 

The Patrick Henry Lee Fund. — This fund of one thousands 
dollars is a bequest from Capt. P. H. Lee, of Holland, Va. 

The J. J. Summerbell Fund. — Dr. J. J. Summerbell, Dayton, 
Ohio, from its foundation the staunch friend and loyal supporter 
of the College, departed life February 28, 1913, and left a bequest 
of $1,500 to Elon. 

The Jesse Winbourne Fund.— This fund, a bequest from 
Deacon Jesse Winbourne of Elon College, N. C, amounting to 
$5,000, became available in January, 1923. It is a part of the 
permanent endowment funds of the College. 

The Southern Convention Fund. — The Southern Convention 
of Congregational-Christian Churches asks the conferences com- 
posing the convention for $12,750 annually for the support of the 
College. This is called the Elon College Fund. 

This fund is the equivalent of an invested endowment of 
$212,500 at 6 per cent. By vote of the Southern Christian Con- 



42 Bulletin of Klon College— Catalogue Number. 

nvntion in May, 1918, a note was given the College for $112,500 
aed later $100,000 in 6 per cent bonds, as evidences of this ob- 
ligation. 

The Carlton Fund.— The family of the late J. W. Carlton 
of Richmond, Va., P. J. Carlton, H. A. Carlton, Luther Carlton, 
and Mrs. T. S. Parrott, gave the College for its permanent funds, 
certain R. F. and P. Railway stocks, to found a Professorship in 
Christian Literature and Methods in memory of Mrs. J. W. Carl- 
ton. Upon his death, in May, 1935, Mr. P. J. Carlton left a 
bequest adding $25,000 to the endowment of the College. 

The Corwith Fund. — W. F. Corwith, a former trustee, has 
given the College for its permanent funds $35,000 to found a 
Professorship in Biblical Languages and Literature, in memory 
of Mrs. W. F. Corwith. 

The J. W. Wellons Fund. — Dr. J. W. Wellons, several years 
before his death, bought two annuity bonds of the College in the 
sum of $1,500. By the terms of the bonds, at his decease they 
were cancelled and the principal became a part of the general 
endowment of the college. Dr. Wellons desired that the Church 
would supplement his gift till an endowment of $300,000 should 
be provided for the School of Christian Education. 

Other Invested Funds. — Other gifts to the permanent Endow- 
ment Fund are: One of twenty-five dollars from the late Rev. J. 
J. Summerbell, D. D., of Dayton, Ohio; one of $283,35, from the 
estate of the late Jos. A. Foster of Semora, N. C; one of $50 by 
Miss Mamie Tate, as a student loan fund; and one of $100 to 
be kept at interest for a term of years, left by the late Rev. S. B. 
Klapp. 

The Francis Asbury Palmer Board Donations. — The late 

Francis Asbury Palmer, who endowed the College, left his estate 
to a Board to administer it in furthering education. This Board 
at one time made a considerable donation in cash for current ex- 
penses. It provides for the transportation expenses of the non- 
resident lectureship of Dr. Martyn Summerbell. 

The Standardization Fund. — During the spring of 1919, a 
campaign was put on to raise additional endowment. This was 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 43 

known as the Standardization Fund. There was raised $381,600, 
in cash and subscriptions. 

Forms of Bequest. — A number of friends have made pro- 
vision for the College in the disposition of their property after 
their decease. We appreciate this generous action on their part 
and commend it to the liberal-hearted of our friends, for whose 
convenience we append herewith three forms of bequests: 

FIRST FORM: 
I give and bequeath to The Board of Trustees of Elon College the sum 

of Dollars, to be applied at . . 

their discretion, for the general purposes of the College. 

SECOND FORM: 

I give and bequeath to The Board of Trustees of Elon College the sum 
of Dollars, to be safely in- 
vested by them and called the Scholarship 

Fund. The interest of this fund shall be applied at their discretion to aid. 
deserving students. 

THIRD FORM: 

I give and bequeath to The Board of Trustees of Elon College the sum' 

of Dollars, to be safely invest- - 

ed by them as an endowment for the support of the College. 

Annuity Bonds.- — Those desiring a stable income on fundb 
that they intend to leave the College in their wills, can secure the 
same by placing such funds with the College treasurer and re- 
ceiving an annuity bond as follows: 

ANNUITY BOND: 

The Board of Trustees of Elon College. 

Elon College, N. C, 19. . . 

Whereas, of has donated 

and paid to The Board of Trustees of Elon College, a corporation established 
under a charter from the State of North Carolina, its principal office being 

located at Elon College, in said State, the sum of Dollars, 

said sum becoming by said gift the absolute property of said Board of Trus- 
tees of Elon College, the whole amount to go direct to said College and ever 
be administered for its advancement by said Board of Trustees: Now, there- 
fore, in consideration thereof, the said Board of Trustees agree to pay the 

said the interest on the same at 6 per 

cent, payable semi-annually, during natural life. 

As the above interest provision is made for the sole benefit of the said 
during natural life, it is declared to* be the 



44 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

intention of the parties subscribed hereto that no obligation whatever is, or 
shall be considered hereby to have been assumed by the said Board of Trus- 
tees, to the heirs, executors, administrators, or assigns of said 

for any interest after natural life shall have term- 
inated. 

THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF ELON COLLEGE, 

By President (Seal) 

Witness : Treasurer of Elon College. 

So far five annuity bonds have been taken: two by the late 
Dr. J. W. Wellons, in the sum of $1,500; one by Trustee A. B. 
Farmer, in the sum of $1,000; one by Mrs. J. P. Avent, also in 
the amount of $1,000; and a fifth by Mrs. Esther Jenkins, in the 
sum of $3,000. Generous-hearted friends, desiring a safe invest- 
ment of their funds and a sure means of perpetuating their mem- 
ory to generations yet unborn, may avail themselves of this in- 
viting privilege. 

Insurance Policies. — Friends may make the College their 
beneficiary in one or more insurance policies. Details of this 
plan will be gladly furnished. 



General Regulations. 



Registration. — Each student goes to the Dean of the Col- 
lege for a conference and assignment to a faculty adviser, who 
arranges a course for the student. Before entering any depart- 
ment, the student pays the registration fee of $25.00, and his 
other expenses, and receives from the Business Manager a regis- 
tration card admitting him to the departments of the College. 
The registration fee of $25.00 is payable at the beginning of the 
Fall and Spring Semesters, and no student is allowed any privi- 
lege of the College until these fees are paid. 

Every student is required to register within twenty-four hours 
after his arrival, and not later than 5:30 P. M. of the registration 
days in the fall and after the Christmas holidays. 

Freshman Orientation Period. — The Freshman Orientation 
Period is for the purpose of introducing the student to his new 
environment. It is an endeavor to acquaint the student with the 
policies and ideals of the College. By the methods of receptions, 
assemblies, lectures and open forums, a close fellowship is estab- 
lished, and the student obtains a better idea as to the best method 
to start his College course. 

Schedule of Studies. — All students are expected to carry fif- 
teen hours of college work per week, this amount being considered 
the normal student load. No student may take less than twelve 
hours, or more than sixteen hours, without special permission 
from the Dean, and in accordance with the handbook regulations 
for extra work. In making up the number of hours required, no 
departmental course can count for more than two hours, and no 
credit is given for physical training in making up the 120 semester 
hours required for graduation. 

Change of Course. — Registration is for an entire course, and 
a course once begun must be continued unless for very important 
reason. Continuous elementary subjects must be pursued for a 
year in order to be credited toward a degree. Changing a course 
after registration is generally unnecessary and is to be discour- 
aged. Such change may be made only with the permission of the 



46 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

Dean. No new course may be entered after September 30th, in 
the Fall Semester, or February 5th, in the Spring Semester. Any 
course dropped after those dates will draw an automatic grade of 
F. A charge of $1.00 is made for changing a course. 

Absences. — Absences are counted from the first meeting of 
the class in the semester. Those who enter late are to be reported 
as absent from the previous meetings of the class. Not more 
than three unexcused absences from a class during a semester 
are permitted, without loss of credit. Necessarily additional 
absences without penalty are allowed students who must be 
absent in order to represent the College as members of athletic 
teams or other recognized organizations, provided that the total 
absences must be made up as early as practicable each semester, 
by the permission of the deans and at the convenience of the fac- 
ulty member concerned. For each two additional absences or 
any fractional part of two absences not allowed as specified above, 
one quality point will be deducted from the quality points earned 
during the semester. 

A student who fails to get permission to drop a course re- 
ceives F on the course. No student will be permitted a re-ex- 
amination who has received an F on the course. 

Attendance at chapel, church and Sunday School is required. 
Not more than ten per cent of the sessions in any one semester 
may be excused by the deans. For each two unexcused absences 
in addition there will be a reduction of one quality point from 
the total earned. 

Semester Examinations. — Semester examinations are given 
in January and May. An average of D on each subject, includ- 
ing term standing and examination, is required for credit. All 
students making a grade of E on a continuous subject may be 
conditioned. A grade of C will be required during the following 
semester to remove the condition without a re-examination. No 
conditions may be granted at the spring semester examinations. 

Students who fail to attend regular tests or examinations, 
or who fail to hand in papers, are regarded as handing in blank 
papers, unless they have been previously excused from examina- 
tion. Excuses from tests and examinations are granted only in case 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 47 

of absolute necessity. Such an excuse, to be valid, must be ob- 
tained from the Dean on or before the day of test or examination, 
and communicated officially on the day to the professor holding 
the test or examination. Students engaged in work as a means of 
earning their way through college cannot offer such work, when 
conflicting, as an excuse from examination at the regular sched- 
uled time. 

Special Examinations. — A student wishing a special exam- 
ination must obtain a permit from the Dean before the date of 
the special examination. A student who has been excused from 
an examination, or who has made an E on a subject, may have 
opportunity to make good his deficiency without taking the sub- 
ject over, provided the deficiency be removed within one college 
year from the time it was incurred. 

A charge of $1.00 for each test or examination taken out of 
the regular time will be made, except in cases where students have 
been excused from taking the regular test or examination at the 
regular examination period. 

Senior Deficiencies. — Senior deficiencies may be made up 
either at a special examination arranged by the Dean and the in- 
structor, or at the regular examination at the close of the fall 
semester. All senior conditions must be made up not later than 
March 1st, in order for the student to become a candidate for a 
degree at the following commencement. 

Grade Reports. — Grade reports are sent at the middle and 
the close of each semester to parents or guardians. These reports 
show the standing, deportment, and absences from recitation and 
religious services. 

The Nine Hour Rule. — A student failing to pass nine hours 
of the work pursued may not return for the next semester. 
This does not apply to foreign students in the first year of their 
residence here, nor to specially admitted students, if recommend- 
ed by the Faculty Committee on Admission and Credits; and in 
the case of freshmen students three hours of the nine may be a 
conditional grade 

Senior Essay Requirement. — In addition to the 120 semester 
hours of work as outlined elsewhere in this bulletin, each senior 



48 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

is required to write an essay that is to be directed by the head 
of the department in which the student is majoring, or someone 
in that department to be appointed by the head. The professor 
who directs the paper will serve as chairman of a reading com- 
mittee of three to pass on the paper after it has been submitted 
in final form. The other two members will be appointed by the 
Dean in collaboration with the chairman. The professor who 
directs the paper is to turn in the subject of the essay to the 
Dean by November 15th. The first draft of the essay is to be 
submitted to the professor who is directing the work on or before 
March 1st. Three typewritten copies of the paper are to be 
submitted to the reading committee on or before April 15th. The 
student will be examined orally on the essay by the committee 
which reads his work. This examination is not to exceed one 
hour. 



College Expenses. 



Regular Expenses for the Year. — The expenses at Elon Col- 
lege have been materially reduced, so that a student may spend 
a year in college for as little as $344 to $405. 

The detailed expenses for the college year of nine months are 
as follows: 

Registration fee $ 60 . 00 

Student Activities fee 15 . 00 

Tuition 75.00 

Total for day students $ 150 . 00 

Room rent $ 50.00 to $ 75.00 

Board 144.00 to 180.00 

Total for boarding students § 344.00 to $ 405.00 

Special Courses and Fees. — The following tuition and fees 
for special courses apply only to those students taking these 
items: 

Extra literary course (above five courses) $ 25.00 

Laboratory fee (for science and other courses requiring it). 10.00 

Piano and Organ (Mr. Moore) 60.00 

Piano, Organ, Voice, Violin (Mr. Steere, Miss Chamblee, 

Miss Webb) 75 .00 

Practice fee for pipe organ 32 .00 

Expression 50 . 00 

Fine Arts 80.00 

Typewriting 30 .00 

Any Commercial Subject 30 . 00 

Practice Teaching fee 15 .00 

Graduation fee (Seniors) 10 .00 

Commercial and Secretarial Courses. — When the full com- 
mercial or secretarial course is taken, which includes Bookkeep- 
ing, Shorthand, Typewriting, Business Arithmetic, Penmanship, 
Filing, Office Methods, and Business English, the cost is the 
same as the regular college course as outlined above. 

Figuring Expenses. — All students taking a regular course 
pay the first three items, amounting to $150, listed above under 
the regular expenses. Add to this the price of the room rent for 
the dormitory selected in accordance with the prices set forth 
under the heading "Room Rent," and add either $180 for meals 



50 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

at the College Dining Hall, or $144 for meals at the Club Dining 
Hall. The majority of the freshmen take a science or other 
course requiring a laboratory fee. This adds $10 a year to the 
total cost. Therefore, a student rooming in the West Dormitory, 
front room, Ladies Hall, or the Publishing House Building; tak- 
ing meals at the Club Dining Hall, and having one laboratory 
course, would pay $354. The same with meals at the College 
Dining Hall would figure $390. The same course with room in 
the East Dormitory and meals at the College Dining Hall would 
be $415. 

The courses in Music Theory, such as Harmony, Public 
School Music, History of Music, etc., are included in the regular 
tuition charge if they are taken as a part of the five subjects 
regularly carried, but there is an extra charge of $75 per year 
for voice or violin, and $60.00 and $75 for organ and piano, with 
Prof. Moore and Prof. Steere, respectively. 

Date of Payments. — The college year is divided into two 
semesters, the first beginning on September 1st, and the second 
beginning on January 20th. Two plans of payment of the col- 
lege expenses are offered the student and parents. First, payment 
of the tuition, room rent, and fees in half-yearly payments at 
the beginning of each semester, and the board in monthly pay- 
ments on the dates as listed under the "Boarding Department" 
below. Second, the monthly payment plan, with the exception 
of fees which must be paid at the beginning of each semester, 
taking the remainder of the expenses for the year and dividing 
it into nine equal payments, the first payment falling due at 
the opening of school in the fall, and a payment the first of each 
month thereafter through May. 

Room Rent. — The price of room rent per student in the col- 
lege dormitories is as follows: 

Alumni Building $50 . 00 

West Dormitory (front rooms) 60.00 

West Dormitory (other rooms) 50.00 

East Dormitory 75 . 00 

Ladies' Hall 60.00 

Publishing House Building 60 . 00 

NOTE. — Students occupying corner rooms pay $2.50 per semester extra 
in all buildings. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 51 

Two students occupy a room together. Double beds are fur- 
nished in the West Dormitory and the Ladies' Hall, and single 
beds are furnished in the Publishing House Building, Alumni 
Building and East Dormitory. The room rental includes current 
for a 75-watt lamp or its equivalent, for each room. A charge 
of $1.25 per semester is made to cover the extra current used 
when a radio is operated in a dormitory room. The college re- 
serves the right to change rooms or a room-mate of any student 
at any time, but no student is allowed to change rooms without 
permission from the business office. 

Boarding Department — For the convenience of students and 
parents, board payments have been divided into installments, 
payable on the following dates for the 1936-37 session: 

College Club 
Dining Hall Dining Hall 

September lst-3rd $ 20.00 $ 16.00 

October 1st 20.00 16.00 

October 29th 20.00 16.00 

November 27th 15.00 12.00 

January 4th 15.00 12.00 

January 20th 20.00 16.00 

February 17th 20.00 16.00 

March 17 th 10.00 8.00 

April2nd 20.00 16.00 

May 1st 20.00 16.00 

Totals $180.00 $144.00 

The board payments are based on a four-weeks period for a 
full payment, and not on the calendar month. 

Only a limited number of students can be accommodated in 
the Club Dining Hall, and placement of students there is made 
only on reservation. Students are not allowed to change board- 
ing places except at the end of the first board period in October, 
and at the beginning of the second semester. No deductions are 
made in the board charges for absence from meals for less than 
a two weeks' period. 

Incidental and Miscellaneous Expenses. — Books are esti- 
mated to cost from $20.00 to $25.00 for the year, about $15.00 
of which will be needed at the fall term opening. 



52 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

A Laboratory Fee of $5.00 per semester is charged for the 
following courses: Chemistry, Home Economics, Physics, Biolo- 
gy, Accounting, and Secretarial Practice. 

A semester fee of $16.00 is charged for practice on the pipe 
organ. This includes one hour practice a day for the semester. 

An acceptance fee of $5.00 is paid by all students when they 
place their application for admission to the College. This fee is 
credited on the college expenses when the student registers. It 
is refundable up to August 15th for the first semester, and De- 
cember 15th for the second semester. The payment of this fee 
also reserves a room and boarding place for those living on the 
campus. 

A fee of $1.00 is charged for any special test or examination 
taken to make up a deficiency or remove a condition, or test or 
examination on a current course taken other than at the regular 
time. 

A $1.00 fee is charged for changing a course of study after 
the regular dates set for such changes. 

After the first transcript of credits, a fee of $1.00 will be 
charged for each additional transcript requested. 

Ministerial Students and Minor Children of Ministers. — Day 

students taking the ministerial course, and minor children of 
ministers who are day students, will pay one-half the regular tu- 
ition charge. 

Work and Scholarship Credits. — Credit for work done, or 
other student aid, applies toward tuition and room rent, and not 
toward the board or fees. 

Students who have regular jobs with the college take their 
meals at the College Dining Hall. Students who have either 
work or scholarship aid from the college are required to keep the 
remainder of their expenses paid up promptly in order to con- 
tinue such aid. 

Students who have as many as five unexcused absences in any 
one course during a semester, or students who have as many as 
five unexcused chapel and church cuts during a semester, will be 
automatically deprived of further college aid. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 53 

Refunds. — Registration, student activities, and laboratory 
fees, are not refundable either in whole or in part. Proportional 
refunds or adjustment of accounts will be made on board, room, 
and tuition, at the end of the semester for any unused parts of 
these items, provided the period is not less than two weeks. 

Financial Requirements. — Payments must be made prompt- 
ly. This is a fixed rule of the Board of Trustees, and the College 
officers are not permitted to make exceptions in favor of any 
person. 

No student will be allowed to graduate until his accounts 
with the College have been settled in full, and no student will be 
permitted to register who has not made satisfactory settlement 
of his account for the previous semester. 

In any case if the student desires credit on any course the 
full tuition charge must be paid. 

Transfer of credits to another institution will not be made 
until the student's account is paid in full, and the granting of 
certificates or academic credits of any nature are conditioned up- 
on satisfactory settlement of all bills. 

What to Bring with You. — All students should bring pillow, 
pillow slips, bed clothing, towels, bureau and table scarfs, etc. 
The men's dormitories are furnished with single beds. The wo- 
men's dormitories are furnished with double beds. 



Requirements for Admission. 



Students may be admitted to freshman standing as a candi- 
date for a Bachelor of Arts degree in Elon College, without exam- 
ination, on certificate of graduation from an accredited four-year 
high school course, with a total of at least fifteen units from the 
list of subjects accepted for admission as given below. A record 
of the high school work should be furnished the college b}^ the 
high school principal, proper blank being furnished by the Reg- 
istrar of the college. 

Students who have graduated from non-accredited high 
schools, or who have attended an accredited high school for four 
years, and have fifteen units of credit, may be admitted upon 
successfully passing the college entrance examinations. These 
examinations will be given at the beginning of the school term in 
the fall. 

A limited number of students may be accepted for special 
work or departmental courses, not to exceed fifteen per cent of 
the college enrollment, but not as candidates for a degree. 

Subjects Accepted for Admission. — The following is the max- 
imum amount of credit accepted for the subjects listed: 

Units 

English 4 

Mathematics 4 

History 4 

Economics or Social Science 1 

Latin 4 

French 2 

German 2 

Spanish 2 

Science 4 

Bible 2 

Vocational subjects 3 

No credit in foreign language may be had until the student 
has completed a minimum of two years in at least one foreign 
language. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 55 

Prescribed Requirements. — Of the fifteen units required for 
admission ten are prescribed, as follows: 

Units. 

English 3 

Foreign language 2 

History 2 

Mathematics 2 

Science 1 

Students having high school graduation, but not meeting the 
prescribed requirements, may be admitted on condition, such 
condition to be worked off before the beginning of the sophomore 
year. Not more than two conditions can be allowed. 

Admission to Advanced Standing. — Applicants for advanced 
standing should present an official transcript of their work in 
other schools to the Registrar of Elon College. Full credit will be 
given for work in accredited institutions in so far as it parallels the 
work at Elon College and fits in with the degree requirements. 

Every candidate for a bachelor of arts degree must have at 
least one full college year in residence at Elon College. Students 
admitted to advanced standing are subject to all the entrance 
and graduation requirements of the college. 

Classification. — For admission to the sophomore class, a stu- 
dent must have removed all entrance conditions and have com- 
pleted not fewer than eighteen semester hours of freshman work 
toward a degree. 

For admission to the junior class, a student must have com- 
pleted not fewer than forty-eight semester hours of work for 
credit toward a degree. 

For admission to the senior class, a student must have com- 
pleted not fewer than eighty-four semester hours of work toward 
a degree. 

Classifications are made at the beginning of the school year 
in September, and no new classifications are made during the 
year. 



Course of Study. 



General Statement. — The Freshman Period is utilized to give 
each student proper educational guidance, following a careful 
study of his high school preparation. Professors are assigned as 
advisers for a minimum number of freshmen and are, throughout 
the year, at the service of their advisees. The Registrar, the 
Deans and the President are also at the service of the students 
at any time in solving their college problems. 

As soon as the student chooses his major, the professor at the 
head of that department immediately becomes his special adviser 
for all curriculum matters and must be consulted. 

The Deans in their respective Sunday School classes in the 
Freshman year offer courses especially designed to adjust fresh- 
men to college life. 

7. — Bachelor of Arts. 

At the beginning of the Junior year, each candidate for the 
Bachelor of Arts Degree must elect a major from the departments 
listed below in which majors are offered. More than one major 
may be elected. 

Religion 11-12 is the required course for each candidate for 
a degree. The course must be taken in either the Freshman or 
Sophomore year. If for any reason it is practically impossible for 
a student to so arrange his course that Religion 11-12 can be 
taken in the Freshman or Sophomore year, Religion 33-34 may 
be taken as an alternate in the Junior or Senior year. 

Those who desire to prepare to teach must satisfy certain 
technical requirements for certification, which should be discussed 
with the Dean and the Professor of Education at the beginning 
of each session. 

One hundred and twenty semester-credit hours must be com- 
pleted as a minimum for the degree of Bachelor of Arts, forty- 
eight hours of which must be taken on the Junior-Senior level. 

Social Science is to include: History, Religion, Education, 
Sociology, Philosophy, and Business Administration. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 57 

A student majoring in a Natural Science shall elect two other 
natural sciences as minors, beginning such minors not later than 
the Junior year. This same provision applies to students major- 
ing in a foreign language. 

Majors. 
The college offers majors, four courses only required, except 
as specified, as follows: 

Biology. 

Business Administration.* 

Chemistry. 

English. 

French. 

Greek. 

History. 

Mathematics. 

Music, 30 semester hours. 

Philosophy. 

Physics. 

Religion, f 

Science, 6 courses.! 
A major course will not be formed for fewer than three stu- 
dents, a minor for fewer than five. 

Minors. 
Any course in which a major is offered, if pursued for the 
first two years prescribed in the Departments of Instruction be- 
low, and in addition the following: 

Applied Mathematics. 

Domestic Art. 

Domestic Science. If 

Education. 

Geology. 

German. 

Social Science. 
In addition to the requirement of one major, as specified a- 
bove, two minors totaling twenty-four semester hours, relating to 
the elected major, must be completed. 

*One majoring in Business Administration must minor in Social Science. 

fOne majoring in Religion should have at least two years in each of the 
following subjects: History, Sociology, Philosophy. Two years of Greek are 
also recommended. 

JThis must include Biology, Chemistry, Physics and Geography. 

^Domestic Science may be rated as a major, provided both Biology and 
Chemistry are pursued as minors. 



58 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

Further requirements are: (1) Twelve semester hours in Eng- 
lish; (2) Twelve semester hours in a foreign language; (3) Twelve 
semester hours in mathematics or two courses in a natural science ; 
and (4) Six semester hours in Bible, which should be Bible 11-12, 
and shall be taken during the Freshman or Sophomore years. 

A grade of C must be averaged on the major subject in order 
for the student to graduate. 

Six semester hours in American History and six semester 
hours in European History are advised. 

Students who plan to pursue graduate work leading to the 
degree of Doctor of Philosophy should take both French and 
German. 

Electives. 
Any course offered either as a major or as a minor, if not 
chosen as such, may be elected toward the degree. The following 
additional electives are provided: 
Art. 

Class Expression. 
Expression. 
Applied Music. 
NOTE. — Art, Expression, and Applied Music, count four semester hours 
each year regularly. They may be raised to six semester hours credit by 
special arrangement. Under no circumstances can more than twelve semester 
hours credit be allowed in Art, Expression and Applied Music for a degree. 

II — Two- Year Courses. 

Students desiring two-year courses may make their selection 
from the courses indicated below: 

Pre-Medical or Pre-Dental Course: 

Biology 11-12, 21-22, Chemistry 11-12, 21-22, Physics 11-12, English 
11-12, 21-22, Religion 11-12, and two elective subjects for the year. 

Pre-Law Course: 

English 11-12, 21-22, 35-36, History 11-12, 21-22, Religion 11-12. Other 
subjects elective. 

Pre-Engineering Course : 

Physics 11-12, 21-22, Mathematics 11-12, 13-14, 21-22, English 11-12, 
21-22, Spanish 11-12, 21-22, Chemistry 11-12. 

Non-Credit Courses. 
Each student is required each year to pursue the required 
work in Physical Training, but no semester hours credit is given 
toward the minimum requirements for a degree. 



Outline of Degree Courses. 



The following section is inserted for the purpose of giving a 
student an idea of the general character of the content of the 
course of study in the various departments of the College and 
at the same time leading to a particular profession: 

Religion. 

A proposed course of study for the student who contemplates 
entering the Christian ministry, social service, or lay work. 

FRESHMAN. SOPHOMORE. 
English 11-12 6 Religion 21-22 6 



♦Science 11-12 8 

History 11-12 6 

History 13-14 6 

Business Administration 11-12. . . 6 

32 
JUNIOR. 

Religion 31-32 6 

Religion 33-34 6 

Philosophy 31-32 6 

Sociology 31-32 6 

Greek 31-32 6 



30 



*Science 8 

English '6 

Psychology 21-22 6 

Philosophy 21-22 _6 

32 
SENIOR. 

Religion 41-42 6 

Philosophy 33-Religion 44 6 

Sociology 41-42 6 

Greek 41-42 6 

History (Ancient & Med) 31-32. . 6 
or English 38-39 (Drama). — 



or English 33-34 (Shakspeare). 30 
*Biology, Chemistry or Physics. 

Note. — Every ministerial student is strongly urged to attend 
a theological seminary after completing his college work. 

Four-Year History Major and Pre-Law Course. 

FRESHMAN. 

English 11-12 6 

History 11-12 6 

Religion 11-12 6 

Science or Mathematics 6 or 8 

Language 6 

32 
JUNIOR. 

English 35-36 6 

History 31-32 6 

Science or Mathematics 6 or 8 

Business Administration 33-34 ... 6 
Elective , 6 

32 



SOPHOMORE 

English 21-22 6 

History 13-14 6 

Psychology 21-24 6 

Language 6 

Business Administration 11-12. . . 6 

30 
SENIOR. 

History 48 3 

English History 33 or 34 3 

English 33-34 6 

Electives ._18 

30 



60 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 



Pre-Medical or Pre-Dental Course. 

The following courses are suggested to the student contem- 
plating a Medical or Dental profession. The courses listed for 
the Freshman and Sophomore years include all the required 
courses for entrance to Medical School, and will fulfill the min- 
imum requirements of the Council on Education of the American 
Medical Association. For the student wishing to spend more 
than two years, courses have been suggested which will meet the 
requirements of Elon College for graduation, and will also give 
him a better preparation. 



FRESHMAN. 

Biology 11-12 8 

Chemistry 11-12 8 

English 11-12 6 

French 11-12, or German 11-12... 6 

Mathematics 11-12 6 

34 
JUNIOR. 

Biology 31-32 8 

Chemistry 31-32 8 

Physics 21 4 

Health and Hygiene 31-32, 33-34. 6 

Religion 33-34 6 

32 



SOPHOMORE. 

Biology 21-22 8 

Chemistry 21-22 8 

English 21-22 6 

French 21-22, or German 21-22. . . 6 

Physics 11-12 8 

36 
SENIOR. 

Biology 41-42 8 

Chemistry 41-42 8 

Psychology 21 3 

Sociology 31-32, or Philosophy. . . 6 

Economics 11-12 6 

31 

All courses in the Senior year except the major are optional 
and may be elected to suit the student's needs and desires. It 
would be advisable to major in one of the sciences. 

Four-Year Course Leading to the Profession of Civil Engineer. 



FRESHMAN. 

English 11-12 6 

Mathematics 11-12 6 

Chemistry 11-12 8 

Mathematics 13-14 6 

French or German 11-12 6 

~32 
JUNIOR. 

Mathematics 31-32 6 

Physics 21-22 8 

Mathematics 51-52 6 

Elective 6 

Religion 13-14, or 33-34 6 

32 



SOPHOMORE. 

English 21-22 6 

Mathematics 21-22 6 

Physics 11-12 8 

Math. 23-24, or Bus. Adm. 11-12. 6 
French or German 21-22 6 

32 
SENIOR. 

Geology 11-12 8 

Mathematics 41-42 6 

Mathematics 31-32 6 

Physics 41-42 8 

Elective J _6 

32 



Bulletin of Eton College — Catalogue Number. 61 

Four-Year Course for the Student Looking Forward 
to the Profession of Journalism. 

FRESHMAN YEAR. 

English 11-12 6 

Mathematics 11-12, or Science 11-12 6 or 8 

Latin 11-12, French 11-12, or German 11-12 6 

History 11-12 6 

Religion 11-12 6 



30 or 32 
SOPHOMORE YEAR. 

English 21-22 6 

Latin 21-22, French 21-22, or German 21-22 6 

Mathematics 21-22, or Science 21-22 6 or 8 

History 21-22 6 

Psychology 21 and 24, or 32 _6 

30 or 32 

JUNIOR YEAR. 

English 33-34, or 38-39 6 

Sociology 31-32 6 

Electives 18 

30 

SENIOR YEAR. 

English 61-62 6 

Philosophy 21-22 6 

Electives 18 



30 

Four-Year Pre -Engineering Course (Chemical) Leading 
to a Bachelor of Arts Degree. 

FRESHMAN. SOPHOMORE. 

Mathematics 11-12 6 *Mathematics 21-22 6 

English 11-12 6 English 21-22 6 

German 11-12, or French 11-12. . . 6 German 21-22, or French 21-22. . . 6 

Chemistry 11-12 8 Chemistry 21-22 8 

Mathematics 13-14 _6_ Religion 11-12 ._6 

32 32 

JUNIOR. SENIOR. 

*Mathematics 6 *Mathematics 6 

Economics 6 Business Organization 6 

Chemistry 31-32 8 Chemistry 41-42 8 

Electives ._12_ Electives A2 

32 32 



*Physics, Biology, or Geology (8), may be substituted for Mathematics 
in Sophomore, Junior or Senior years. 



62 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number- 

Four- Year Pre-Engineering Course (Electrical or Mechanical) 
Leading to a Bachelor of Arts Degree. 

FRESHMAN YEAR. 
Course: Semester Hours. 

Rhetoric and Composition, English 11-12 6 

General Chemistry 11-12 8 

College Algebra and Trigonometry, Mathematics 11-12.. 6 

Mechanical Drawing, Mathematics 13-14 6 

French 11-12, or German 11-12 _6 

32 
SOPHOMORE YEAR. 

English Survey, English 21-22 6 

General Physics 11-12 8 

Analytics, College Geometry, Mathematics 21-22 6 

Economics, Business Administration 11-12 6 

French 21-22, or German 21-22 _6 

32 
JUNIOR YEAR. 

Mechanics and Heat, Physics 41-42 8 

Differential and Integral Calculus, Mathematics 31-32. . 6 

Intermediate Physics 21-22 8 

United States History, History 11-12 6 

Sociology 31-32 or Philosophy 6 

34 
SENIOR YEAR. 
Fundamentals of Electrical Engineering, Physics 31-32. . 8 

Differential Equations, Mathematics 41-32 6 

Business Law, Business Administration 33-34 6 

Religion 33-34 6 

Philosophy 21-22 _6_ 

32 

Department of Business Administration. 

The following suggested course of study may be altered, if 
necessary, to meet individual circumstances. 

Students desiring to qualify for a teaching certificate in the 
commercial field should consult the Head of the Department. 

FRESHMAN YEAR. 

Business Administration 1 1-12 6 

Business Administration 13-14 6 

History 11-12:~T."777777'T.'" 6 

English 11-12 6 

French, German, Math., Science, or Religion 11-12 6 

30" 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 63 

SOPHOMORE YEAR. 

Semester Hours. 

Business Administration 23-24, or 25 and 28 6 

EngIIsr2r22T^77^TT7777r. 6 

French or German 6 

Mathematics or Science 6 or 8 

Religion 11-12 _6 

30 or 32 
JUNIOR YEAR. 

Business Administration 31-32, or 33-34 6 

Psy^oiogyandEthics, or Sociology 6 

French or GermanTMath. or Science, or Religion 11-12 . 6 

Electives 12_ 

30 
SENIOR YEAR. 

Business Administration 41 and 42, or 43 and 38 6 

History 48 (Government) 3 

Electives 21 

30 
NOTE. — Either Business Administrtaion 11-12 or Business Administra- 
tion 13-14 may be deferred to the second year, in which case another of the 
group may be chosen the first year. 

Commercial Division. 

The following is a course of study and suggested credit allow- 
ance for commercial students, based upon one-year and two-year 
training courses in secretarial training. 

ONE- YEAR SECRETARIAL COURSE. 
Fall Semester: 

Shorthand (to be studied intensively). 
Typewriting (two periods daily each subject). 
Business English (including word study). 
Business Arithmetic. 
Penmanship (optional). 

Spring Semester: 

Advanced Dictation (continuation of shorthand). 
Advanced Typewriting (continuation of typewriting). 
Secretarial Practice (including Filing, Indexing, etc.). 
Bookkeeping (one-semester elementary course). 

NOTE. — Satisfactory completion of the one-year course as above would 
yield nine (9) semester hours credit for students meeting the regular entrance 
requirements. 



64 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

TWO-YEAR SECRETARIAL COURSE. 
First Year: Same as one-year course above. 
Second Year (Fall and Spring Semesters) : 

Semester Hours. 

English 11-12 6 

Accounting — B. A. 13 and 14 6 

Economics — B. A. 11 and 12 6 

Business Law — B. A. 33 and 34 6 

Advanced Dictation 3 

27 

Four-Year Course Leading to Bachelor of Arts in English 
and North Carolina Public School Certificate. 

FRESHMAN YEAR. 

English 11-12 6 

History 11-12 6 

Religion 11-12, or 13-14 6 

Romance or Ancient Language 6 

Science or Mathematics 6 or 8 

30 or 32 
SOPHOMORE YEAR. 

English 21-22 6 

History 21-22 6 

Continue same language pursued in freshman year 6 

Continue Mathematics or Science of freshman year 6 or 8 

Psychology 21 3 

Education 31 3 

30 or 32 
JUNIOR YEAR. 

English 41-42 6 

Electives to total 24 to 28 

30 to 34 
Recommended Electives: 

English History, Philosophy, Foreign Language (an ad- 
ditional course in the language already pursued dur- 
ing the Freshman and Sophomore years). 

SENIOR YEAR. 

English 45 3 

English 33-34, or 38-39 (drama), or 43-44 (literature).. .12 
(Choose two of the above three). 

Education 41, or Education 47 3 

Teacher Training 3 

Electives 9 to 12 

30 to 34 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 



65 



Four-Year Course Leading to a Bachelor of Arts Degree and 
a Diploma in Piano, Organ, Voice, or Violin. 



FRESHMAN. 

Music 11-12 6 

Music 17-18 4 

English 11-12 6 

French or German 11-12 6 

♦Biology 11-12 8 



30 



JUNIOR. 

Music 37-38 4 

Music Electives 8 

Religion 33-34 6 

General Electives 14 



32 



SOPHOMORE. 

Music 21-22 6 

Music 23-24 4 

Music 27-28 4 

English 21-22 6 

French or German 21-22 6 

*Biology 21-22 8 

34 
SENIOR. 

Music 47-48 4 

Music Electives 6 

General Electives 20 



30 



Total hours for Degree and Diploma 126 

Total hours of Music required for Diploma 42 

Maximum Music creditable on Degree 36 



Four-Year Course Leading to a Bachelor of Arts Degree 
and a Certificate in Mu&ic. 



FRESHMAN. 

Music 11-12 6 

Music 17-18 (Voice) 4 

English 11-12 6 

*Biology 11-12 8 

French 11-12, or German 11-12.. . 6 



SOPHOMORE. 

Music 21-22 6 

English 21-22 6 

♦Biology 2 1-22 8 

French 21-22, or German 21-22. . . 6 
Music 23-24 4 



SENIOR. 

Music 45-46 

General Electives 



30 
JUNIOR. 

Music Electives 4 

Religion 33-34 6 

General Electives 20 

30 

Total hours for Degree and Certificate 120 

Total hours of Music required 30 

Maximum Music creditable on degree 36 



30 

. 6 
24 

30 



♦Chemistry, Physics or Mathematics may be substituted for Biology. 



66 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

Home Economics Curriculum 

FRESHMAN CLASS. 

English 11-12 (Composition & Rhetoric) 6 

Chemistry 11-12 (General) 8 

Biology 11-12 (General) 8 

Home Economics 11-12 (Nutrition & Food) 6 

i French 11-12 (Composition and Grammar) 6 



34 
SOPHOMORE CLASS. 

English 21-22 (English Literature) 6 

Home Economics 13-14 (Clothing and Textiles) 6 

Psychology 21 (General) 3 

Education 31 (Educational Psychology) 3 

Chemistry 31-32 (Organic) 8 

French 21-22 (Literature) 6 



32 
JUNIOR CLASS. 

Education 42 or 47 (Principles of High School Teaching) 3 

Physics 13 (Household) 4 

Home Economics 23-34 (Nutrition and Dietetics) 6 

Home Economics 31-32 (Nursing, Child Care, Home 

Management) 6 

ReligioD 13 (Development of Christian Personality) .... 6 

Art (Regular Course) 3 

Child Psychology 22 3 



31 
SENIOR CLASS. 

Home Economics 43 (Costume and Design) 3 

Religion 34 (Family and Social Relations) 3 

Home Economics 45 (Materials and Methods) 3 

Biology (Bacteriology) 4 

Home Economics 44 (Advanced Dressmaking) 3 

Home Economics 42 (Home Management) 3 

Education 52 (Observation and Directed Teaching) .... 3 

Biology 42 (Physiology) 4 

Education 62 (Foundational Methods) 3 

Home Economics 41 (Economics of Home) 3 

32 



Departments of Instruction. 



DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 
AND ECONOMICS. 

PROFESSOR GULLEY. 

MRS. SUE CRAFT HOWELL. 

MR. R. E. BRICKHOUSE, Assistant. 

The courses in Economics and Business Administration have 
been developed to meet a threefold need. First, they furnish a 
basic training in the principles and technic of business for those 
students who expect to enter the field of commerce after grad- 
uation. Second, when combined with such other courses as are 
specified by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruc- 
tion, they are adequate to meet the requirements for the certi- 
fication of commercial teachers. Third, they help to supplement 
and round out the training of the student who may not plan to 
enter business directly, yet who must have an understanding of 
its nature and the complex relationship which exists between it 
and the other elements of the social structure. 

Courses in Auditing, Income Taxes and Cost Accounting may 
be offered if sufficient requests are made for them. 

In addition to the regular courses, this department is offer- 
ing both a one-year and a two-year Secretarial Training course. 
Students desiring to take this work must meet the same entrance 
requirements as other students. 

REQUIREMENTS FOR A MAJOR IN BUSINESS 
ADMINISTRATION AND ECONOMICS. 

Major: 30 semester hours in Economics and Business Administration. 

(36 semester hours recommended for those including credit for secre- 
tarial training.) 

Required: Business Administration 11-12, Business Administration 13-14. 

Minor: 12 semester hours or more, chosen from the following: Psychology, 
Philosophy, Sociology and History. 

Recommended: Psychology 21, Philosophy 32, Sociology 31-32, History 48. 



68 Bulletin of Eton College — Catalogue Number. 

ECONOMICS. 

BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 11-12. 

Principles of Economics. An introductory course to acquaint the student 
with the fundamental principles which underlie economic relations and ac- 
tivities. An analysis is made of production, consumption, exchange, and 
distribution. A brief survey of money, banking and credit, the business cycle, 
business organization, monopoly and trusts, labor problems, insurance, public 
finance, and economic reforms. A combination of the lecture and case meth- 
od will be used to better relate practical situations to theory. 

Three hours per week. 

Six semester hours credit. 

Open to Freshmen. Required for a major in Business Administration. 

BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION. 

BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 13-14. 

Principles of Accounting. This course does not require a knowledge of 
bookkeeping. It deals with the proprietorship equation, financial statements, 
the ledger and the trial balance, posting, adjusting and closing entries, col- 
umnar records, controlling accounts, business forms and papers, notes and 
drafts, partnership accounting, classification of accounts, accrued and defer- 
red items, corporation accounting, depreciation, depletion and obsolescence, 
analysis of financial statements, elements of manufacturing accounts, prob- 
lems, practice sets, and lectures. 

Laboratory fee of $5.00 per semester. 

Three hours recitation and three hours laboratory work per week. 

Credit six semester hours. 

Open to Freshmen. Required for a major in Business Administration. 

BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 23-24. 

Advanced Accounting. Covering profits, analysis of statements, advanced 
work in partnerships and corporations, agencies and branches, statements 
of affairs, realization and liquidation, application of funds, estate accounting, 
actuarial science, depreciation, good will, reserves, funds, consolidations, 
mergers, partnership liquidations, consolidated balance sheets and profit and 
loss statements, reorganizations, foreign exchange and insurance. Numerous 
problems will be used to show the proper application of principles. 

Laboratory fee of $5.00 per semester. 

Three hours recitation and three hours laboratory per week. 

Credit six semester hours. 

Prerequisite: Business Administration 13-14. 

BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 25. 

Salesmanship. Fall Semester. This course is a consideration of the 
broad field of personal selling. The steps in a sale, the psychology of the broad 
field of personal selling process, knowledge of the goods and of the market, 
selling to wholesalers and to retailers, and selling in the export trade are some 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 69 

of the problems considered. Attention is given to sales methods, the relation 
of personal selling to advertising, sales management, the house policies, the 
selection, training, co-operation with, and supervision of salesmen, and the 
various methods of compensating salesmen. 

Three hours per week. Credit three semester hours. 

Prerequisite or corequisite: Psychology 21. 

BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 27. 

Trust Problems. Fall Semester. A study of the trust problems in the 
United States. Consideration of the early devices for restricting competition, 
the history and character of modern trust movements, discussion of trust 
legislation, reasons for forming trusts, and representative trusts. 

Three hours per week. Credit three semester hours. 

Prerequisite: Business Administration 11-12. 

BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 28. 

Labor Problems. Spring Semester. This course considers the causes of 
industrial unrest and other labor problems, and endeavors to understand the 
reactions of various groups to these conditions. Recent labor tendencies will 
be discussed. Special emphasis is given to the American labor movement, 
its objects, tactics, and accomplishments. 

Three hours per week. Credit three semester hours. 

Not open to Freshmen. 

BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 31. 

Marketing. Fall Semester. A study of the fundamental processes of our 
system of marketing will be made. Nature and scope of marketing, the ec- 
onomics of marketing, marketing functions, types of middlemen, retail dis- 
tribution and marketing agencies, wholesale marketing of manufactured 
goods, aggressive marketing methods, marketing conveniences, shopping and 
specialty goods, marketing industrial goods, direct selling, the economics of 
advertising. The problems of physical distribution, finance and risk, stand- 
ardization, and prices are considered. 

Three hours per week. Credit three semester hours. 

Prerequisite: Business Administration 11-12. 

BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 32. 

Merchandising. Spring Semester. This course is an attempt to set forth 
the different merchandising policies. Methods and principles with a discus- 
sion of terms and phraseology in general use, various methods of computing 
gross profit, net profit and turnover, effect of turnover on price, profits and 
merchandise investment, use and importance of budgetary control, control 
of inventories, monthly estimated net profit and inventory statements. Also 
a brief survey of buying and stock-keeping records, comparative sales and 
expense records, methods of inventory taking, and proper classification. 

Three hours per week. Credit three semester hours. 

Prerequisite: Business Administration 11-12. 



70 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 33-34. 

Business Law. This course is designed to give the student an under- 
standing of the main principles of law governing the daily conduct of busi- 
ness. A consideration of contracts, agency, partnerships, corporations, ne- 
gotiable instruments, bankruptcy, sales, bailments, personal and real proper- 
ty relations. 

Three hours per week. Credit six semester hours. 

Prerequisite: Business Administration 11-12, or Junior Standing. 

BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 38. 

Credits and Collections. Spring Semester. This is a consideration of the 
place of credit in the marketing structure. The economic basis of credit ex- 
tension, the relation of credit to selling, methods of collecting and using 
credit information, credit bureaus, the use of trade acceptances, commercial 
paper, and collection letters, are investigated. Attention is also given to 
foreign credit problems, domestic business failures, bankruptcy and insolven- 
cy practices, and credit adjustments produced by business cycles; credit 
problems of manufacturers, wholesalers and retailers. 

Three hours per week. Credit three semester hours. 

Prerequisite: Business Administration 11-12 or 13-14. 

BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 41. 

Corporation Finance. Fall Semester. Development of corporate forms of 
business; its advantages and disadvantages; promotion; sources of capital; 
stock classifications and rights of stockholders; internal financial management; 
legal position, receivership and reorganization. 

Three hours per week. Credit three semester hours. 

Prerequisite: Business Administration 11-12, or 13-14. 

BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 42. 

Money and Banki?ig. Spring Semester. A general survey of the modern 
financial system, including the principles and history of money and monetary 
standards; the principle and function of banks and bank credit, commercial 
banks, investment banks, trust companies, the Federal Reserve System; a 
brief survey of the commercial banking systems of other countries. The re- 
lation of the business man and the banker. 

Three hours per week. Credit three semester hours. 

Prerequisite or corequisite: Business Administration 11-12. 

BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 43. 

Factory Management. Fall Semester. A study of factors affecting loca- 
tion of plant, adaptation of building to process, type of factory building, 
routing of work, selection and arrangement of machinery. Also type of or- 
ganization and special adaptation of each type; exclusive control; methods 
in the production, stores, purchasing, shipping, engineering, cost and other 



Bulletin of Eton College — Catalogue Number. 71 

departments; progress records; standardization. Handling of workmen, wage 
systems, time study, records. 

Three hours per week. Credit three semester hours. 

Prerequisite: Business Administration 11-12, and Junior standing. 

BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 46. 

Materials and Methods. Spring Semester. This course is designed to assist 
the student that desires to apply for a Grade A Teaching Certificate in the 
commercial field. 

Three hours per week. Credit three semester hours. 

Open only to students majoring in Business Administration. 

COMMERCIAL DIVISION. 

BUSINESS 5. 

Penmanship.. This course is optional, but is recommended for those 
students who have never had a course in penmanship, and also for those who 
write with a laborious and cramped style. It is designed to teach the fun- 
damentals of correct posture and to develop a fluent, rapid and legible hand- 
writing. 

Three hours each week. Fall Semester 

BUSINESS 7. 

Business Arithmetic. This is a brief elementary course in business arith- 
metic, which reveals the short-cuts and helpful suggestions for speed in com- 
putations. Major emphasis is placed upon developing proficiency in those 
problems frequently met with by secretaries and office workers; such as 
problems in Billing and Pay Rolls, Interest, Trade Discounts, Bank Dis- 
counts, Profit and Loss, and Price Marking. 

Three hours each week. Fall Semester. 

BUSINESS 8. 

Secretarial Practice. This course is outlined to acquaint the student, 
through actual laboratory experience, with the major and minor activities 
and duties of the secretary. It is designed to bring into the classroom, as 
much as is possible, the office atmosphere. Filing, indexing, mailing proced- 
ures, transcription methods, and financial duties are expecially emphasized. 

Three hours each week, with additional laboratory hours. 

Spring Semester. 

BUSINESS 13-14. 

Shorthand. A course in the fundamental principles of Gregg Shorthand, 
with special emphasis on accuracy and speed. Practice work in dictation and 
transcription. In the spring semester intensive work is done in dictation 
and transcription. 

Six hours each week throughout the year. 



72 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

BUSINESS 15-16. 

Typewriting. The course in touch typewriting includes a speed-building 
program, which is planned to develop the skill to a high degree of proficien- 
cy. 

Five hours each week of class instruction throughout the year, and six 
hours of laboratory work each week. 

BUSINESS 12. 
Bookkeeping. A one-semester elementary course in double-entry book- 
keeping for secretarial students. 

Three hours of class work and three hours laboratory each week. 
Spring Semester. 

BUSINESS 11. 
Business English. This course emphasizes those phases of English which 
are essential as a background for business correspondence. 

Offered in the English Department. Three hours each week. 
Fall Semester. 

NOTE. — Nine (9) semester hours credit will be allowed upon the sat- 
isfactory completion of the one-year secretarial training course. 

BUSINESS 18. 
Office Management. This course is offered to students who desire to 
obtain teacher's certificates in commercial subjects. 
Credit allowed toward teaching certificate. 

BUSINESS 21-22. 

Advanced Dictation. A second-year course in shorthand, consisting of 
rapid dictation and rapid transcription. Training in the editing duty of the 
private secretary is a part of this course. Effective English is stressed, as 
well as the art of completing transcripts with dispatch. 

Three hours each week. Credit three semester hours. 



DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION. 

PROFESSOR MESSICK. 

PROFESSIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR NORTH CAROLINA 
CERTIFICATES. 

Grammar Grade or Primary Certificate, Class B. — Education 
21 (22 for Primary), 23, 31 and Philosophy 22 and one elective. 

Grammar Grade or Primary Certificate, Class A. — Education 
21 (22 for Primary), 23, 31, 32 (32 not required for Primary), 53 
or 54, (55 or 56 for Primary), Philosophy 22 and two electives. 






Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 73 

High School Certificate, Class A. — Education 31, 41 or 47, 51 
or 52, 45 or 46, and two electives. 

For subject-matter, see literary departments. 

GENERAL EDUCATION COURSES. 

EDUCATION 21. 

Grammar Grade Methods. 

Aim: To acquaint prospective teachers with the subject matter which 
should be taught in graded school and the methods that should be used in 
teaching subject matter. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

EDUCATION 22. 

Primary Grade Methods. 

Aim : To acquaint the prospective teacher with the subject matter which 
should be taught in the primary grades and the best methods of teaching the 
subject matter used. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

See Psychology 21 and 22. 

EDUCATION 23. 

Classroom Management. 

Aim: To give the prospective teacher an understanding of the best 
methods of organization and management of the classroom activities. 

Topics: Modern methods of management, discipline, daily programs, 
lesson assignments, lesson plans, etc. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

, EDUCATION 31. 

Educational Psychology. Spring Semester. 

Aim: To give the student a working knowledge and skill in the applica- 
tion of psychological principles of the learning processes. 

Topics: Inherited tendencies, laws of learning, methods of teaching, 
habit formation, individual differences, formation of correct ideals and atti- 
tudes, etc. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

Prerequisite, Psychology 21. 

DR. WICKER.. 

EDUCATION 32. 

Educational Measurements. Spring Semester. 

Aim: To acquaint the student with standard tests, how to use them, and 
how to improve methods of teaching and to economize time by the practical 
results of the application of the principles or testing the progress of pupils. 

Topics: Titles, structure, giving tests, tabulation and interpretation of 
results in classifying and promoting pupils. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 



74 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

Topics: Frequency distributions, central tendencies, deviations from 
central tendencies, coefficient of correlation, reliability of measures, test and 
scale formation, scientific experimentation, partial and multiple correlations, 
etc. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

EDUCATION 42. 

High School Administration and Supervision. Spring Semester. 

Aim: To give the prospective administrative officers of the high school 
familiarity with the problems of administration and supervision and the best 
methods of handling them. 

Topics: Types of high schools, school boards, professional qualification 
in education, qualification of teachers and principals, rating of teachers, im- 
provement of teachers, selecting teachers. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

EDUCATION 43. 

History of Education. Fall Semester. 

Aim: To acquaint students with the great educational leaders in the 
past, the great educational systems, the development of education in different 
countries, as a background for modern educational progress and to acquaint 
the students with the history of education in America and the educational 
history of North Carolina. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

EDUCATION 44. 

"The Philosophy of Education. Spring Semester. J 

Aim: To acquaint the student with the underlying principles of educa- 
tional theories, the solution of educational problems, the development of 
democratic conceptions underlying the American system of education,' and 
the social, moral and cultural implications of the development of personality. 
Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

EDUCATION 45-46. 
Materials and Methods. 
See literary departments for description. 

EDUCATION 47. 

Principles of High School Teaching. 

Aim : To train the high school teacher in the modern methods of teach- 
ing in the secondary schools and to familiarize the student in the technique 
of classification and promotion of pupils, with methods of testing the results 
of teaching, giving tests, and standard examinations, the reliability, validity, 
objectivity and other qualities of dependable methods of standard tests, in- 
dividual differences, etc. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 75 

EDUCATION 51 and 52. 

Observation and Directed Teaching. 

Practice teaching in the high school under supervision and direction. 

Five hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 
EDUCATION 53 and 54. 

Observation and Directed Teaching. 

Practice teaching in the grammar grades under supervision and direction. 

Five hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 
EDUCATION 55 and 56. 

Observation and Directed Teaching. 

Practice teaching in primary grades under supervision and direction. 

Five hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

OBSERVATION AND DIRECTED TEACHING. 

The public school at Elon College is used for observation and directed 
teaching. The work is under the joint direction and supervision of the public 
school teachers and the Department of Education. 

The work, as outlined above, will prepare the students, professionally, 
for teaching Certificates in public schools. Those who expect to enter edu- 
cational work should consult the Director of Education before taking any 
course. 

NOTE: A Summer School is conducted for six weeks for the benefit of 
teachers in service and students who wish to earn credits for the A. B. degree 
Six or eight semester hours of credit may be earned in the summer school... 



DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND 
LITERATURE. 

PROFESSOR SNUGGS. 
ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR BARNEY. 
ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR HAYNES. 

ENGLISH 11-12. 
A Course in Composition. This is designed to give the student an ac- 
quaintance with the various types of composition and practice in writing. 
The texts used include a standard dictionary, a copy of prose models, and 
composition and rhetoric. The texts mentioned will be supplemented by par- 
allel reading assignments. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 
For Freshmen. 

PROFESSORS SNUGGS, BARNEY and HAYNES. 

ENGLISH 21-22. 
A General Survey of English Literature. A study of the literature and life 
of the English people from Beowulf to the present. Required of Sophomores. 
Three hours per week. Credit six semester hours. 

PROFESSORS SNUGGS and HAYNES. 



76 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

ENGLISH 24. 

Children 's Literature for Primary and Grammar Grades. Spring Semester. 
The aim of this course is to give an intimate knowledge of the field of Child- 
ren's Literature. Myths, folk tales, poetry, informative literature and fiction 
will be studied and evaluated for their respective appeal and value to child- 
ren. Practice in the writing of synopses and paraphrases and in the telling 
of stories will be included. A handbook and a one-volume collection of child- 
ren's literature will be the basic texts. These will be supplemented by parallel 
readings in methods and materials found in the college library. 

Three hours per week. Credit three semester hours. 

PROFESSOR BARNEY. 

ENGLISH 33-34. 

Shakespeare. This course is devoted to the study of Shakespeare. A 
brief survey of the Elizabethan theater and theatrical conditions will precede 
the intensive study of the plays. Open to Juniors and Seniors. 

Three hours per week. Credit six semester hours. 

PROFESSOR HAYNES. 

ENGLISH 35-36. 

Public Speaking. A study of the fundamentals of speech. Purposes to 
train the whole man — body, voice and mind. Practice in speech making for 
various occasions. Text: "Fundamentals of Speech," by Chas. Woolbert. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

MISS CHILDS. 

ENGLISH 38-39. 

English Dramatic Literature. The historical development of English 
•dramatic literature from the Middle Ages to the present. Special attention 
is given to the Elizabethan and Restoration periods. Wide reading of rep- 
resentative plays. Preliminary lectures on Greek and Roman drama and 
reading of selected plays in translation. 

Open to Junior and Seniors. 

Prerequisite, English 11-12 and 21-22. 

Three hours per week. Credit six semester hours. 

PROFESSOR SNUGGS. 

ENGLISH 41-42. 

A Study of American Literature. American prose and poetry, from its 
beginnings to the present. Particular attention is given to the lives and writ- 
ings of the major writers, noticing their philosophy, their style and their in- 
fluence upon the development of literature in America. The study of the 
text will be supplemented by the reading and report of a number of produc- 
tions found in the library. Open to Juniors and Seniors. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

PROFESSOR BARNEY. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 77 

ENGLISH 45-46. 

Materials and Methods of Teaching High School English. This course is 
especially intended for those who expect to teach in high school. No student 
who has not maintained an average grade of C or above in his English courses 
will be allowed to enter the class. The work of the course includes consider- 
ation of objectives and methods in the teaching of composition and litera- 
ture, planning of the high school course, and the study of the most important 
English classics in the high school curriculum. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

PROFESSOR BARNEY. 

ENGLISH 47-48. 

History of the English Language. A study of the historical background 
of the English language and of the linguistic phenomena of Modern English. 
The elements of Old English (Anglo-Saxon) will be studied as a necessary 
foundation of the course. The course will include the historical development 
of English sounds and forms; the influence of other languages on English; 
the sources of the English vocabulary; the political, social and cultural in- 
fluences which have combined in making the language what it is; the English 
language in America, past and present. 

It is recommended that registrants for this course have some knowledge 
of foreign languages, particularly German, French and Latin. 

Open to Juniors and Seniors. 

Prerequisite, English 11-12 and 21-22. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

PROFESSOR SNUGGS. 

< 

ENGLISH 61-62. 

Journalism. This course will be confined largely to a study of present- 
day newspaper writing and editing, including the staff and their duties, the 
ethics of journalism, and the various types of articles. Practice in the writing 
of feature articles, the news story, the editorial, etc., will constitute the lab- 
oratory part of the course. The class will also visit the plants of several 
papers in order to study the subject at first hand. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

Open to Juniors and Seniors. PROFESSOR BARNEY. 

ENGLISH 63-64. 

Chaucer and Milton. Fall Semester. After a preliminary study of Chau- 
cer's language, the class will read representative works, including the Can- 
terbury Tales and Troilus and Criseyde. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

Spring Semester. Exhaustive study of Milton's poetical works and some 
attention to his prose. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

PROFESSOR SNUGGS. 



78 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND SOCIOLOGY. 
HISTORY. 

PROFESSOR PRIOR. 

HISTORY 11-12. 

The United States. A survey of the history of the United States from 
the period of the American Revolution to the present. Emphasis is placed 
n pon the economic, social and institutional, as well as the political growth. 

Lectures, text-book and collateral readings. 

Elective for Freshmen. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

HISTORY 13-14. 

Modern European History. A survey of European history from 1500 to 
the present. 

The first semester surveys the period from 1500 to 1915. It includes 
such movements as the Renaissance, the Reformation, the "Commercial Rev- 
olution," the rise of the national state, dynastic and colonial rivalries, the 
"Intellectual Revolution" of the 17th and 18th centuries, and the French 
Revolution. 

The second semester includes a survey of European history from 1915 
to the present. The progress of nationalism, the "Industrial Revolution," 
and the diplomatic background of the World War are emphasized. 

Lectures, text-book and collateral readings. 

Elective for Freshmen and Sophomores. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

» 

HISTORY 31. 

Fall Semester. Ancient History. A brief survey of ancient history from 
the rise of civilization in Egypt and Babylonia to the close of the second 
century, A. D. Emphasis is placed on the history of Greece and Rome. 
Special attention is given to the evolution of government and to the progress 
of art, science and philosophy. 

Lectures, text-book and collateral readings. 

Elective for Juniors and Seniors. Offered only in alternate years. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

HISTORY 32. 

Spring Semester. Medieval Europe. A survey of European history from 
the disintegration of the Roman Empire to the Renaissance. Emphasis is 
placed on the causes of Rome's decline, the origin and growth of the church, 
feudal and manorial society, intellectual interests, the place of the Empire' 
and the rise of national monarchy in France and England. 

Lectures and collateral readings. 

Elective for Juniors and Seniors. Offered only in alternate years. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 79 

HISTORY 33. 

Fall Semester. A History of Colonial America. A brief survey of Amer- 
ican history from the period of exploration and discovery to the outbreak of 
the Revolution. Special attention is given to the evolution of colonial gov- 
ernment and British policy. An attempt is made to present a well-rounded 
picture of colonial society, its economic life, manners, customs, institutions 
and culture. Colonial North Carolina is studied in somewhat more detail 
than the other colonies. 

Text-book, lectures and reports. 

Elective for Juniors and Seniors. Offered only in alternate years. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

HISTORY 34. 

Spring Semester. A History of England. A general survey of British 
history from Roman times to the present, in which the emphasis is placed 
mainly on the political and constitutional developments. 

Lectures, text-book and reports. 

Elective for Juniors and Seniors. Offered only in alternate years. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

HISTORY 44. 

Spring Semester. Economic History. A survey of the main trends of ec- 
onomic history in Europe and America from about 1750 to the present time. 
Special attention is given to the "Industrial Revolution," problems of state 
control, and to the evolution of the present institutions. 

The course counts as credit toward a major in Business Administration. 

Lectures and readings. 

Elective for Seniors. Offered only in alternate years. 

PROFESSORS GULLEY and PRIOR. 

HISTORY 45. 

Fall Semester. Materials and Methods in Teaching High School History. 
Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

HISTORY 48. 

Spring Semester. American Government and Politics. A general survey of 
national, state and local governments. 

This course is counted as political science towards a North Carolina 
high school certificate. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

HISTORY 49. 
Spring Semester. American Parties and Party Politics. A survey of the 
history, functions and organization of political parties in the United States. 
Elective for Seniors. History 48 prerequisite. 
Lectures, texts and reports. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 
Offered only in alternate years. 



80 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Numbei . 

SOCIOLOGY. 

PROFESSOR BOWDEN. 

SOCIOLOGY 31-32. 
Fall Semester. Introduction to Sociology. This course directs attention 
to the various forms and processes that are involved in human association. 
The aim of the course is to give the student an understanding of our complex 
social life. It offers a genetic approach to the conditions now existing. The 
major emphasis is on social processes and social control. 

Spring Semester. Introduction to Sociology (Continued). The work of 
this semester is a continuation of the study in the field of social life. The 
emphasis during this semester is upon man's institutional life. The origin, 
nature and functions of each institution are studied together with the modern 
problems that grow out of our institutional life. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

SOCIOLOGY 41. 

Rural Sociology. Conditions of life in the country and constructive 
organization for improvement. Social technology of rural communities; im- 
portance of agriculture; rural institutions; co-operative marketing; good 
roads; consolidated schools; social surveys of the country and the rural 
church; organization of the rural community, and social control. 

Open to Juniors and Seniors. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

Not given in 1936-'37. 

SOCIOLOGY 42. 

Spring Semester. — Problems of Sociology. Special reference to forces that 
enter into the composition of life and society, accompanied by lectures and re- 
ports throughout; Poverty; Socialism; Social Pathology; Social Duties; 
Immigration; Congestion of Population; Race; Industry; Internationalism; 
and the other social and industrial problems of our day. This is the regular 
Orientation Course for Juniors. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

Not given in 1936-'37. 



DEPARTMENT OF ANCIENT LANGUAGES. 

I.— GREEK. 

PROFESSOR NEWMAN. 

GREEK 31-32. 
Elementary Greek. Mastery of declensions and conjugations, synopsis of 
verbs, word analysis, derivation and composition and simpler principles. 
Drill in pronunciation by reading Greek aloud. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 81 

Required of all offering to enter the department. No credit can be given 
toward a degree for this course, unless the student has offered two units in 
one foreign language for entrance. Xenophon, Book I. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

GREEK 33-34. 
Plato's Apology and Crito, Herodotus (2). Grammar, Composition (1). 
Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

GREEK 41-42. 
Greek Drama, Greek Testament (2). Composition, Grammar (1). 
Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

GREEK 43-44. 
Homer, Lyric Poets (2). Greek Literature (1). 
Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

II.— LATIN. 

ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR HAYNES. 

LATIN 11-12. 
Cicero's De Amicitia and De Senectute. Cicero's Tusculanae Disputa- 
tiones, Book 1, and Somnium Scipionis (2). Grammar, Composition (1). 
For Freshmen. 
Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

LATIN 21-22. 

Livy, Books I and XXI. Plautus' Captivi and Terence's Phormio. 
Horace's Odes, Books I and II, and his Satires, Book II (2). Roman Liter- 
ature, Life and Mythology, and Grammar and Composition (1). 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

LATIN 31-32. 

Tacitus' Dialogus de Oratoribv.s and his Germania. Tacitus' Agricola 
and Juvenal's Satires. Pliny's Letters and his Correspondence with Trajan, 
with reference to the government of the Roman Provinces (2). Grammar, 
Composition (1). 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

LATIN 41-42. 

Lucretius' De Rerum Natura, with reference to the Philosophy of the 
Romans; Horace's Epodes and Ars Poetica and Ovid's Fasti, with reference 
to the Roman Religion; Allen's Remnants of Early Latin, and Egbert's 
Study of Latin Inscriptions (3). 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 



82 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

DEPARTMENT OF MODERN LANGUAGES. 
I.— FRENCH. 

PROFESSOR CLARKE. 

FRENCH 11-12. 

This course consists of a careful study of the following subjects: Syntax, 
Composition, Conversation, History of French Literature, extensive reading 
of Classical and Modern French. Open to Freshmen and Sophomores. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

French A or its equivalent is required for entrance. 

FRENCH 21-22. 

During this course the students make a comprehensive study of the 
literature of France during the seventh, eighteenth and nineteenth centuries; 
the drama, essay, novel, short story and letters. Open to students who have 
eompleted creditably French 11-12. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

FRENCH 31-32. 

This is an advanced course in French composition and requires a careful 
study of the elements of French literature in its different periods. Original 
papers in French and a thesis showing original work on some phase of French 
language and literature are required during the year. Open to students who 
have completed creditably French 11-12 and 21-22. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

FRENCH 41-42. 

This course is devoted to the study of historical French; lectures and 
Comparative Philology; a study of the sources of French forms and idioms; 
a comparison of Old, Middle, and Modern French with Low and Classical 
Latin. Open to students who have completed French 11-12 and 21-22. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

H— GERMAN. 

PROFESSOR CLARKE. 
PROFESSOR FRENCH. 

GERMAN 11-12. 

An introductory course, including a complete and thorough study of the 
declensions and conjugations and the rules of grammar. Students are care- 
fully drilled in the rules of syntax. Regular drills are made in composition, 
extensive translation of rather easy prose and poetry. 

Open to Freshmen and Sophomores. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 83 

GERMAN 21-22. 

This course is devoted to a rapid reading of the various types of German 
literature. Special attention is called to the style of the different authors. 
Much time and work is devoted to the study of drama. 

Open to students who have completed German 11-12. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 



DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS. 

PROFESSOR WICKER. 

MATHEMATICS 11-12. 

Fall Semester. College Algebra. The course opens with a rapid review of 
the fundamental principles of the elementary algebra. This is followed by 
a careful study of Quadratic Equations, Ratio and Proportion, and Varia- 
tion, Series, Binomial Formula, Inequalities, Determinants and the Theory 
of Equations. 

Spring Semester. Trigonometry. The solution of right and oblique tri- 
angles both with and without logarithms. Trigonometric identities and Trig- 
onometric equations. Line functions and graphical representations. 

Prerequisites: High School Algebra and Plane Geometry complete. 

Open to Freshmen. Required of students majoring or minoring in Math- 
ematics. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

MATHEMATICS 21-22. 

Fall Semester. Solid Mensuration. Each solid is defined and illustrated. 
Its properties are stated and formulas relating to it are given. Carefully 
chosen problems relating to familiar objects of every-day experience are 
used. 

Spring Semester. Analytic Geometry. This course includes a treatment 
of the straight line, the circle, other conic sections, special plane curves and 
transformation of coordinates. 

Open to Sophomores. Required of students majoring or minoring in 
Mathematics. Prerequisite, Mathematics 11-12. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

MATHEMATICS 31-32. 

Fall Semester. Differential Calculus. This course is devoted to the study 
of the differentiation of functions, with simple applications of the deriv- 
atives to rates, length of tangents, normals, and the like. After this the 
subjects of Maxima and Minima, Curvature, rates and envelopes are studied. 



84 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

Numerous problems and exercises are solved and thorough drills are given 
on every topic studied. This course closes with a drill on curve tracing. 

Spring Semester. Integral Calculus. Integration. The Constant of Inte- 
gration. The Definite Integral. In addition to the study of the subjects men- 
tioned, the student is given a thorough drill on the methods of integration. 
The object is to enable him to investigate without having to rely on any 
tables or set rules, and, after having learned the principles of integration, to 
apply them to such subjects as areas, lengths of curves, volumes of solids of 
revolution, and areas of surfaces of revolution. 

Open to Juniors. Required of all students majoring in Mathematics. 

Prerequisite, Mathematics 21-22. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

MATHEMATICS 41-42. 

Fall Semester. Differential Equations. Both the ordinary and the partial 
Differential Equations will be studied. Particular attention will be paid to 
the theory of integration of such equations as admit of a known Transforma- 
tion Group, and the classic methods of integration are compared with those 
which flow from the Theory of Continuous Group. A similar method is adopt- 
ed in studying the Linear Partial Differential Equations of the First Order. 

Spring Semester. Applied Calculus. During this semester the study of 
the differential equations will be continued, and the subject of calculus ap- 
plied to mechanics and to engineering problems in general will be taken up 
and studied on rather broad lines. This cannot be taken by any student who 
has not taken the courses in Mathematics 11-12, Mathematics 21-22, and 
Mathematics 31-32. 

Open to Juniors and Seniors only. Required of all students majoring 
in Mathematics, unless they have taken Mathematics 43-44. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

MATHEMATICS 43-44. 

Fall Semester. College Geometry. This course will consist of as much 
College Geometry as is usually given in any text on this subject. The object 
of this course will be to introduce the student into higher geometry and 
those principles that will enable him to teach High School Geometry more 
readily than he can without taking this course. This course is for the special 
benefit of those majoring in Mathematics and expecting to teach High School 
Mathematics. 

Spring Semester. The Theory of Equations. This course in the Theory 
of Equations will give the student as much as is usually given in any author- 
ized text book on this subject. Demonstrations with library reference will 
constitute the body of this course of instruction. 

This course alternates with Mathematics 41-42, and is open to Juniors 
and Seniors only. Required of all students majoring in Mathematics, unless 
they have taken Mathematics 41-42. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 85 

MATHEMATICS 46. 

Spring Semester. Materials and Methods in the Teaching of Mathematics. 
This course offers a study of the methods of presenting the different branches 
of Mathematics to the pupil in the secondary schools. This course will be 
supplemented by lectures and numerous illustrations, and the pupils taking 
the course will be required to conduct several classes in Mathematics in the 
Practice School, under the supervision of the Professor of Mathematics. 

Given only when at least five apply for the course. 

Elective by Juniors and Seniors. Required of students preparing to 
teach Mathematics. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

MATHEMATICS 47. 

Fall Semester. The History of Mathematics. A survey of the field of 
Mathematics from the earliest ages to the present. In this course a text in the 
History of Mathematics will be made the basis of a class course and students 
will have a broad field for library work. Readings will be assigned, and stu- 
dents will be required to report on these readings at each recitation. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

MATHEMATICS 48. 

Spring Semester. Analytic Geometry of Space. In this course spacial 
relations are treated from the analytic point of view. It deals with quadric 
surfaces, envelopes, foci, quadriplanar and tetrahedral co-ordinates, devel- 
opable surfaces, curves in space, curvature of surfaces and higher surfaces. 

Prerequisite: Mathematics 32. 

Credit three semester hours. 

PRACTICAL ARTS. 

DRAWING 13-14. 

Mechanical Drawing. This course provides a basic treatment of modern 
conventions, theory and practice of Mechanical Drawing. Instruction is 
given in the care and use of instruments, drawing materials and scales, meth- 
ods of procedure in drawing, freehand lettering, geometric drawing, ortho- 
graphic projection, working drawings, tracing and blue printing. 

Prerequisite, High School Algebra and Plane Geometry complete. 

Six hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

DRAWING 23-24. 

Engineering Drawing. Instruction and drafting room practice are given 
in the following: Engineering lettering with copy books; detail of machine 
parts, assembly drawings; systems of dimensioning, bills of material, conven- 
tion, titles; pipes, piping systems; elements of machine design, gears, worms, 
screws, nuts and bolts. Special attention is given to accuracy, neatness and 
rapidity in drafting. 

Prerequisite: Drawing 13-14. 

Six hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 



86 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

DRAWING 25-26. 

Architectural Drafting. Instruction and drafting practice are given in 
the following: Free hand lettering, symbols for materials used in construc- 
tion, sketching, working drawings, architectural details, floor plans, evalua- 
tions, perspective drawings of both interior and exterior of buildings. 

Prerequisite: Drawing 13-14. 

Six hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

NOTE. — Drawing 23-24 and 25-26 will be given in alternate years. 

SURVEYING 51-52. 
Fall Semester. Plane Surveying. The study of the theory and uses and 
adjustments of the Compass, Level, Transit and Stadia; the computations 
of Surveying. Numerous surveys are made, and the student is required to 
make all of the plots and calculations. 

Spring Semester. Surveying. The Class studies the methods and proper 
conduct of Land, Mine, City, Topographic and Hydrographic Surveying. 
Practical class exercises are given throughout the semester to illustrate the 
work of the entire course. 

Two hours are given to recitations and lectures and four to field work. 

Prerequisites: Mathematics 11-12 and 13-14. 

Open to Sophomores taking two-year course in Engineering. Elective 
by Juniors and Seniors. Not given unless six appby for the course. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 



DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL SCIENCE. 

I.— BIOLOGY. 

PROFESSOR POWELL. 
PROFESSOR HARKEMA. 

BIOLOGY 11-12. 

General College Biology. Fall and Spring Semesters. This is an introduc- 
tory course intended for all college students beginning work in Biology. The 
fundamental principles of the science are taught. The broader aspects of 
the subject are emphasized by a correlation of the laboratory data from day 
to day with the underlying principles taught in the class room. Students 
expecting to pursue a medical course are encouraged to take this subject as 
a required prerequisite. All students preparing to teach Science or Biology, 
to enter a dental school, or to study forestry, should pursue the course. 

Lectures and recitations three hours a week, three hours for laboratory. 

Credit eight semester hours. 

Required of all students majoring or minoring in Biology. 

BIOLOGY 21-22. 

Vertebrate Zoology and Comparative Anatomy. Fall and Spring Semesters. 
Intensive study is given to the classification and structure of animals, using 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 87 

typical representatives from the most important phyla. Special attention is 
placed on comparative morphology, histology, physiology, development and 
environmental adaptations. By keen observation and critical reasoning the 
student is brought to find the homologies and analogies as found in the dis- 
sections. Prerequisite for medicine, dentistry, forestry, and Science teach- 
ers, as well as for those preparing to pursue advanced work in the field. 

Prerequisite: Biology 11-12. 

Two hours for lectures, four for laboratory. 

Credit eight semester hours. 

Required of all students majoring or minoring in Biology. 

BIOLOGY 23-24. 

Botany. Plant morphology, ecology, physiology, and classification are 
emphasized throughout the year. As a means of studying the conditions 
under which plants grow, the class must collect, under the direction of the 
instructor, much of the material for study in the laboratory. 

Prerequisite: Biology 11-12. 

Two hours for lectures, four for laboratory. 

Credit eight semester hours. 

BIOLOGY 31-32. 

Bacteriology and Embryology. Morphology, classification, physiology and 
chemistry of bacteria, and introductory studies of diseases and immunity are 
covered in the course. The laboratory work consists of the common bacter- 
iological techniques: staining of bacteria, cultural methods and the analysis 
of water and milk. 

Embryology will be given in the second semester, which will acquaint 
the students with the fundamental principles of Embryology as found in the 
frog and chick. If time permits, some work will be done on the mammal. 

Prerequisites, Biology 11-12, 21-22; Chemistry 11-12. 

Required of all students majoring in Biology. 

Three hours for lectures; three for laboratory. Credit 8 semester hours. 

Offered in alternate years. Not offered 1936-'37. 

BIOLOGY 41-42. 

Parasitology and Physiology. During the first semester, work will con- 
sist of lectures, recitations and laboratory work relative to animal parasites. 
Methods employed in collecting and mounting parasites will be taught. 

Physiology will be given during the second semester. In this course the 
types of muscles and nerves, the central nervous system, the special senses, 
blood and lymph, respiration, digestion and secretion, will be emphasized. 

Prerequisites, Biology 11-12, 21-22. 

Three hours for lectures; three for laboratory. Credit 8 semester hours. 

Required of all students majoring in Biology. 

Offered in alternate years. 



88 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

BIOLOGY 43-44. 

Seashore Biology. (Beaufort, N. C.) The course in seashore Biology 
will deal mainly with invertebrate fauna. Lectures, recitations, field trips, 
laboratory dissections, and individual problems will be given. Particular em- 
phasis will be placed on the collection, preservation, identification, and life- 
history studies of forms found. Class work will be held six days each week, 
for a period of five weeks. The entire time of the student will be utilized. 
One day of the week will be devoted to field problems, which will be at var- 
ious points of interest to the student of Biology. 

This course will be open to all College and University students who have 
had at least one course in Biology, and to all high school teachers who have 
taught Biology in high schools. It is hoped that the course will be of special 
interest to high school teachers of Biology. 

Materials required are Drew's Invertebrate Zoology, pencils, and dis- 
secting instruments. 

In order to afford ample time for preparation, registration must be com- 
pleted by June 1st. All persons desiring to take the course should commun- 
icate with Thomas E. Powell, Jr., Elon College, N. C. 

Credit eight semester hours. 

BIOLOGY 46. 

Teachers' Course. This course is designed to stress the nature study 
idea and at the same time to train the prospective teachers of Biology in 
raising their own cultures, preserving the materials for class-work, arranging 
courses, and organizing their work by approved laboratory methods. The 
course runs for only one semester. 

Prerequisites, Biology 11-12, 21-22 and 31-32 or 41-42. 

Credit four semester hours. 

Required of all students majoring in Biology, and those who are intend- 
ing to teach Biology in the high school. 

II.— CHEMISTRY. 

PROFESSOR BRANNOCK. 

CHEMISTRY 11-12. 

General Chemistry. In this course the fundamental principles of inor- 
ganic, organic, physical, and experimental chemistry are thoroughly taught. 
The course runs in two sections, one for those who have had high school 
chemistry, the other for those beginning the subject. Each student is re- 
quired to keep a note book in which he must record his experimental work. 

Three hours a week devoted to lectures and recitations, three hours a 
week to laboratory work. Credit eight semester hours. 

CHEMISTRY 21-22. 
Advanced Inorganic Chemistry and Qualitative Analysis. This course em- 
braces a more thorough knowledge of the elements, especially the metals, 
than Chemistry 11-12. Also the following physical chemical topics are de- 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 89 

veloped: the kinetic-molecular hypothesis, solutions, electrolysis, the chem- 
ical behavior of ionic substances, chemical equilibrium and electro-motive 
chemistry. The laboratory work is in qualitative analysis. 

Three hours a week devoted to lectures and recitations, three hours to 
laboratory work. Credit eight semester hours. 

CHEMISTRY 31-32. 

Organic Chemistry. The work in this course is devoted to the study and 
preparation of organic compounds, including both the aliphatic and the aro- 
matic series: hydrocarbons of the methane series, alcohols, organic acids, 
ethers, anhydrides, esters, aldehydes, ketones, amines, amides, halogen com- 
pounds, cyanogen, carbohydrates, cylic hydrocarbons, dyes and proteins. 

The laboratory work consists not only in the methods of preparation and 
purification of compounds, but also in methods of arriving at their structures. 

Three hours a week devoted to lectures and recitations, three hours to 
laboratory work. Credit eight semester hours. 

CHEMISTRY 41-42. 

Quantitative Analysis. The lectures and recitations include the discus- 
sion of the methods used in the laboratory and the chemical calculations. 
The laboratory work consists in simple introductory determinations in grav- 
imetric and volumetric methods of analysis. Pure salts of known composi- 
tion are first analyzed, followed by unknown specimens consisting of pure 
salts or mixtures of pure salts. In this way the student is prepared to analyze 
more difficult substances, including both knowns and unknowns. 

One hour a week devoted to lectures and recitations, six hours to lab- 
oratory work. Credit eight semester hours. 

CHEMISTRY 45-46. 
The Teaching of Chemistry. The main purpose of this course is to pre- 
sent the modern theory and methods of teaching chemistry. 

CHEMISTRY 47-48. 

Physical Chemistry. The work in this course embraces the laws govern- 
ing chemical phenomena. The topics considered are the gaseous state, the 
liquid state, the solid state, solutions, the phase rule, thermo-chemistry, 
chemical change, and electro-chemistry. The student is required to solve 
various problems based on the above topics. This course is designed for 
students doing advanced work in chemistry. 

Three hours a week to lectures and recitations. Credit six semester hours. 

CHEMISTRY 51-52. 

Physiological Chemistry. The subjects discussed are: enzymes, carbo- 
hydrates, fats, proteins, digestion, blood and lymph, respiration and acidosis, 
metabolism, and accessory foods. 

One hour a week devoted to lectures and six to laboratory work. 

Credit eight semester hours. 



90 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

CHEMISTRY 53-54. 

Industrial Chemistry. In this course the following subjects are discussed : 
water, fuels, destructive distillation, alkalies and hydrochloric acid, iron and 
steel, packing house industries, cottonseed oil products, leather, soap, cement, 
paper, paints and clay products. This course can be varied to meet the 
needs of the individual student. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

HI.— GEOGRAPHY. 

PROFESSOR HOOK. 

GEOGRAPHY 21. 

Fall Semester. Principles of Geography. A study of the principles of 
physiography and the major geographical factors in determining the distri- 
bution of population, occupations, and modes of life. The effects of climatic 
and economic conditions on the peoples of the world will be stressed. Prac- 
tical work in the study of maps and reports will be included in the course. 

Three hours per week. Credit three semester hours. 

GEOGRAPHY 22. 

Spring Semester. Geography of North America. A study of the geograph- 
ical regions of the continent, climate, industries, natural resources, and the 
human responses to the geographic conditions; the growth of cities, develop- 
ment of trade and the geographical influences in the development of the 
United States. 

Three hours per week. Credit three semester hours. 

IV.— GEOLOGY. 

PROFESSOR POWELL. 

GEOLOGY 12. 

General Geology. The first semester deals with Physical and Dynamcial 
Geology. Laboratory work consists of frequent field excursions and a study of 
the common minerals and rocks, map interpretations, and geological folios. 

Lectures and recitations three hours a week, two hours devoted to lab- 
oratory work. Credit four semester hours. 

V.— PHYSICS. 

PROFESSOR HOOK. 

PHYSICS 11-12. 
General Physics. This course embraces the study of Mechanics, Heat, 
Sound, Light and Electricity. There will be numerous examples and ex- 
periments given throughout the entire course, with a view to rendering the 
work practical. The course is planned to impart training to the manipula- 
tion of instruments employed in physical investigation, to teach the student 
to make accurate measurements with the use of the English and metric sys- 
tems, to give practice in properly recording and reducing experimental data. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 91 

Three hours a week devoted to lectures and recitations, four hours to 
laboratory. Credit eight semester hours. 

PHYSICS 21-22. 

Intermediate Physics. This course is intended for those who expect to teach 
Physics or pursue engineering courses. It is a survey course in Modern Phys- 
ics. 

Prerequisites: Physics 11-12, Mathematics 11-12. 

Three hours a week devoted to lectures and recitations, four hours to 
laboratory. Credit eight semester hours. 

PHYSICS 31-32. 

Electricity and Magnetism. This course is designed to give the earnest 
student a comprehensive knowledge of electricity and its application to in- 
dustry. 

Prerequisites: Physics 11-12, and Mathematics 11-12. 
Three hours devoted to lectures and recitations, and four to laboratory 
work. Credit eight semester hours. 

PHYSICS 33-34. 

Light and Sound. This course is given to those students who desire an 
accurate and comprehensive knowledge of Geometrical and Physical Optics, 
and the fundamentals of Acoustics. 

Fall Semester. Fundamental Properties of Light, Application of the 
Laws of Reflection, Application of the Laws of Refraction, Dispersion and 
Chromatic Aberration, Optical Constants of Mirrors and Lenses, Spherical 
Aberration and Allied Phenomena, Refraction of Axial Pencils by a Thick 
Lens, the Eye, Vision through a Lens, Optical Instruments and Appliances. 

Spring Semester. Velocity of Light, Vibrations and Waves, the Wave 
Theory of Light, Radiation, Absorption, Dispersion, Interference, Diffrac- 
tion, Polarization, Double Effraction, Theories of Reflection and Refraction, 
Colors of Crystalline Plates, Photography. 

Sound. The nature of Sound and its Chief Characteristics, the Velocity 
of Sound in the Air and other Media, Reflection and Refraction of Sound, 
Frequency and Pitch of Notes, Resonance and Forced Oscillations, Analysis 
of Vibrations, the Transverse Vibrations of Stretched Strings or Wires, Pipe 
and other Air Cavities, Rods, Plates, Membranes, Vibrations Maintained by 
Heat — Sensitive Flames and Sets, Musical Sound, the Superposition of 
Waves. 

Prerequisites: Physics 11-12 and Mathematics 11-12. 

Three hours a week devoted to lectures and recitations and four hours 
to assigned laboratory work. Credit eight semester hours. 

PHYSICS 41-42. 
Mechanics and Heat. This course is designed for those who expect to 
pursue courses in Mechanical Engineering or Civil Engineering. 



92 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

Fall Semester. Mechanics. The Composition and Resolution of Forces 
acting on a Particle, Statics of a Particle, Forces acting on a Rigid Body, 
Vectors, Statics of a Rigid Body, the Center of Gravity, Friction, Flexible 
Cords, Kinetics of a Particle, Motion of a Particle in a Plane Curve, Work 
and Energy, Constrained Motion, Impulse — Collision of Spheres, the Mo- 
ment of Inertia, the Dynamics of a Rigid Body, Kinetic Friction, etc. 

Spring Semester. Heat. Thermometry, Calorimetry, Measurement of 
Internal Fires and their Effects, Lines of Equal Temperance on the Indica- 
tor Diagram, Adiabatic Lines, Heat Engines, Relations between the Physical 
Properties of a Substance. Latent Heat, Thermodynamics of Gases, the In- 
trinsic Energy of a System of Bodies. Free Expansion, Determination of 
Heights by the Barometer, Radiation, Connection Currents, the Diffusion 
of Heat by Conduction, Diffusion of Fluids, Capillarity, Elasticity, and Vis- 
cosity, Molecular Theory of the Constitution of Bodies, Ventilation and 
Central Heating Systems, etc. 

Prerequisites: Physics 11-12 and Mathematics 11-12. 

Three hours devoted to lectures and recitations, and four hours to lab- 
oratory work. Credit eight semester hours. 

PHYSICS 45. 

Materials and Methods. This course is designed for those who are pre- 
paring to teach Physics or General Science in the Secondary Schools. 

Credit three semester hours. 

PHYSICAL LABORATORY. 

The Physical Laboratory is located in the Duke Building. It is equipped 
with modern apparatus of a high grade. The student is required to keep a 
neat and accurate record of experiments performed. Two students are al- 
lowed to work together on such experiments as require two observers. 

Among the apparatus in the electrical department may be mentioned: 
direct current motors, generators, alternating current motors, generators, 
supply circuits, sensitive galvanometers, Wheatstone bridges, rheostats, con- 
densers, ammeters, voltmeters, standard resistance boxes, storage cells, trans- 
formers, circuits for direct and alternating currents, lanterns, accessory ap- 
paratus for determination of current, potential resistance, capacity, induction, 
wave form, and magnetic properties. 

Students desiring work in radioactivity will have the use of the X-ray 
apparatus. 

The mechanical department is equipped with the necessary tools and 
power for performing experiments, constructing apparatus and making tests. 
Other departments are similarly equipped. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 93 

DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY 

PROFESSOR WICKER. 
PROFESSOR BOWDEN. 

PSYCHOLOGY 21. 

Fall Semester. — General Psychology. An introductory course in hu- 
man psychology is given for the purpose of introducing the student to the 
fundamental principles of mental life and to orientate him in the modern 
world. Emphasis is placed upon the various forms of human behavior, the 
responses of the individual to various stimuli, and the many factors that 
enter into the making of human personality. Attention is directed to the 
modern mind in its relationship to the modern world. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

PROFESSOR WICKER. 

PSYCHOLOGY 22. 

Spring Semester. — The Psychology of Childhood. The object of this course 
is to obtain a more nearly complete understanding of the child life and of the 
methods of dealing with the same. It will be a study of the moral, mental, 
physical, social and emotional developments and their inter-relationships. 

Prerequisite: Psychology 21. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

PROFESSOR WICKER. 

PSYCHOLOGY 24. 

Spring Semester. Social Psychology. This course will treat the following 
subjects: The nature of personality, the "abnormalities" which constitute 
the "normal" person, the psychology of adolescence and of adulthood, the 
psychology of religion, of social organization, and of social progress. 

Prerequisite, Psychology 21. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

PROFESSOR BOWDEN. 



DEPARTMENT OF RELIGION AND PHILOSOPHY. 

PROFESSOR NEWMAN. 
PROFESSOR BOWDEN. 
PROFESSOR FRENCH. 

RELIGION COURSES. 

RELIGION 11-12. 

Introduction to the Study of the Bible. It is the aim of this course to ac- 
quaint the student with the Bible itself, and to give an historical account 
of the rise of Hebrew and Jewish religious literature, the Christian Church 



94 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

and its literature. Each book of the Bible is treated in its broader outlines 
with special emphasis on the situations that produced the various documents 
and books. 

Three hours per week throughout the year. Credit six semester hours. 

PROFESSOR FRENCH. 

RELIGION 21-22. 

New Testament History and Literature. This course wil 1 open with a 
brief survey of the religious experience of the Hebrew prophets. The social, 
religious and political situation in Palestine will be investigated. The course 
will deal with the historical bases for our knowledge of the religious experi- 
ence character, teaching and dynamic faith of Jesus. It will take into ac- 
count the impact of his life and teaching, the development of the Christian 
Church in Palestine, and of its spread from Jerusalem to Rome. 

Three hours per week throughout the year. Credit six semester hours. 

PROFESSOR FRENCH. 

RELIGION 31-32. 

Old Testament History and Literature. This course will trace the histor- 
ical development of the literature of the Old Testament. The early poems, 
narratives and laws will be examined in order to understand and appreciate 
the religious and social life of the earliest period. Special attention will be 
given to a study of the growth of the Hebrew monarchy and the ethical, 
political and religious contributions of the literary prophets. The student 
will read extensive portions of the Psalms, the Wisdom Literature and the 
Apocalyptic material, and will be given a brief survey of the Apocrypha. 

Three hours per week throughout the year. Credit six semester hours. 

PROFESSOR FRENCH. 

RELIGION 33-34. 

Philosophy of Religion. This course will treat of the following subjects : 
The origin and development of religious belief from primitive times to the 
present day, a survey of the classical religions — Hinduism, Buddhism, Con- 
fucianism, Mohammedanism, etc. — a detailed history of Christianity, and 
the influence of scientific inquiry, Biblical criticism and modern psychology 
upon religious belief. The latter portion of the course will be given to the 
development of a constructive philosophy of religion and of life, with special 
attention to the problems of religious belief in a scientific age. 

Three hours per week throughout the year. Credit six semester hours. 

PROFESSOR BOWDEN. 

NOTE. — A student wishing to take a major in Philosophy will be given 
full credit for this course under the head of Philosophy instead of Religion. 

RELIGION 41-42. 
Bible Seminar. The first semester of this seminar will be given to a spe- 
cial study in some field of the Old Testament, such as, archaeology, hexa- 
teuchal synopsis, the law codes of the Old Testament, or Hellenic Judaism. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 95 

The second semester will be devoted to a study of some special field of 
the New Testament, such as, the synoptic problem, the Johannine problem, 
St. Paul, the Messianic consciousness of Jesus, etc. 

Prerequisites, Religion 21-22 and Religion 31-32. 

Two hours, once a week, throughout the year. 

Credit three semester hours for each semester. 

PROFESSOR FRENCH. 

RELIGION 43-44. 

Seminar in Religion and Modern Social Problems. The purpose of this 
seminar is that of acquainting students with a few of the basic social prob- 
lems, in the light of their religious, ethical and social implications. Each 
student will pursue one or more projects during the year, which involve the 
investigation of some particular social situation in which he is interested. 
Meetings of the seminar will be given to reports of those projects and to 
brief reports on outstanding current events which seem to have important 
social implications. 

Two hours, once a week, throughout the year. 

Credit three semester hours for each semester. 

PROFESSOR BOWDEN. 

RELIGION 51-52. 
Greek A T ew Testament. The study of a grammar of New Testament 
Greek. Readings in the Greek New Testament. Problems and methods of 
exegesis. Textual problems. 

Open only to Juniors and Seniors who have sufficient knowledge of Greek 
to pursue the course profitably. 

Three hours per week. Credit six semester hours. 

PROFESSOR NEWMAN. 

RELIGION 53-54. 
Old Testament Hebrew. The study of Harper's Elements of Hebrew, He- 
brew Method and Manual, Hebrew Vocabulary, readings in the Hebrew Old 
testament; problems and methods of exegesis; Hebrew poetry; textual prob- 
lems. 

Open only to Juniors and Seniors and ministerial students. 
Three hours per week. Credit six semester hours. 

PROFESSOR FRENCH. 

PHILOSOPHY. 

PHILOSOPHY 21-22. 
Introduction to Philosophy. This course will serve as an introductory 
study of the basic philosophical problerrs. treating such questions as the fol- 
lowing: What is reality? What is the basis for values? What is conscious- 
ness? Is knowledge possible? How distinguish truth from error? Is the 



96 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

world a machine? Has the world a purpose? What are the relations of re- 
ligion and science to life? Etc. 

Three hours per week throughout the year. Credit six semester hours. 

PROFESSOR BOWDEN. 

PHILOSOPHY 31-32. 

The History of Philosophy. This is a survey course, tracing the history 
of philosophy from its early beginnings with the Greeks to the Nineteenth 
Century German Philosophy. The course will include the pre-Socratic phil- 
osophers, the Sophists, Plato, Aristotle, Early Christian and Scholastic Phil- 
osophy, Seventeenth Century Rationalists, English Empiricists, Kant, Hegel, 
and subsequent German Idealism. Students will read from original sources 
and from modern commentators. 

Three hours per week throughout the year. Credit six semester hours. 

Prerequisite, Philosophy 21-22. 

Not offered in 1936-'37. PROFESSOR BOWDEN. 

PHILOSOPHY 33-34. 

Philosophy of Religion. This course is announced and described under 
Religion 33-34, but may be used for credit toward a major in the field of 
Philosophy. PROFESSOR BOWDEN. 

PHILOSOPHY 35. 

Fall Semester. Ethics. This course will include a study of the early be- 
ginnings and the growth of morality, showing the development of csutom 
and social organization, the psychological aspects of morality, some modern 
systems of ethics, and the application of ethical theory to some modern 
world-problems. 

Three hours per week, first semester. Credit three semester hours. 

PROFESSOR BOWDEN. 

PHILOSOPHY 36. 

Spring Semester. Logic. This course is an investigation of the conditions 
under which thinking proceeds, the elements of formal logic, induction, and 
scientific method. 

Three hours per week, second semester. Credit three semester hours. 

Not offered in 1936-'37. PROFESSOR BOWDEN. 

PHILOSOPHY 41-42. 

Seyninar in Contemporary Philosophy. Students in this seminar will read 
the principal works of one or more of the leading contemporary philosophers, 
such as Whitehead, Bergson, Samuel Alexander, Dewey, or Santayana. The 
meetings of the seminar will be devoted to reports and discussions of the 
material read. 

Prerequisites, Philosophy 21-22 and Phiosophy 31-32. 

Two hours, once a week, throughout the year. Credit six semester hours. 

Not offered in 1936-'37. PROFESSOR BOWDEN. 



Special Departments of the College. 



DEPARTMENT OF ART. 

MISS NEWMAN. 

A thorough course of instruction in Drawing, Painting, Art 
Structure and History of Art is given to those who desire to de- 
vote themselves to the study of Art. 

A period of three years is required for a certificate and four 
years for a diploma. Advanced credit will be given for work 
done only in approved institutions. Students taking this course 
are required to spend twelve hours a week at work in the studio. 

An annual exhibition will be held during Commencement. 

ART 11-12. 
Freehand drawing in charcoal from still-life, geometrical solids and casts. 
linear and angular perspective. Study of light and shade. Flat washes in 
water color and monochrome painting. Color sketches from still-life, pastel 
painting, lettering and designing, clay modeling and pottery. Structure. 

ART 21-22. 
Drawing from charcoal from still-life, also heads, hands, features, etc., 
from casts. Water colors from still-life. Painting in oils, pastels and water 
colors, from still-life. Illustration, wash drawings in water color. Principles 
of color. Technical terms, etc. History of art. Pen and ink drawings. Design- 
ing. Structure. 

ART 24. 
Industrial Arts for Elementary Grades. This course deals with methods 
and materials used in the study of industrial arts for primary and grammar 
grades. Students will receive instruction in color theory, weaving, modeling, 
construction work, posters, book-binding, block printing, and projects for 
history and geography classes. 

The subject matter will be creative and illustrative, centered about the 
child, his interests and needs, covering the general objects of Art Education. 
Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 
Required of Juniors or seniors for Primary and Grammar Certificate. 
Given in alternating years with Art 24-a. 

ART 24-A. 
Elementary Drawing. This course is to give an appreciation and work- 
ing knowledge of the principles of drawing necessary to the child in the pri- 
mary and elementary school. Each grade is studied separately. The course 



98 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

includes color design, drawing and painting from life or geometric forms, 
illustrations, posters and printing. 

Picture study is included in this course. Special consideration will be 
given art activities for the child in the home, the school, the community, and 
to developing his creative abilities. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

Required of Juniors or Seniors for Primary and Grammar Certificate. 

Given in alternating years with Art 24. 

ART 31-32. 
Drawing from draped model and still-life. Portraiture in crayon and 
oils. Composition. Anatomy. Landscape painting. Theory of color. Pro- 
cesses of reproduction. History of Art. Mythology. Designing. Pastel 
Painting. Copying of old masters. Structure. 

SKETCH CLASS. 
From model in any medium, pencil, out-of-door work. 
Two hours each week. 

NORMAL TRAINING. 

A three years' course in training teachers for public and private schools. 
Certificates are given for satisfactory completion of the following course: 

Drawing and painting from costumed models, birds, animals, flowers. 
Landscape and still-life painting. Illustration. Decorative and applied art. 
Theory and practice of design in line, mass and color. Composition — picto- 
rial and decorative. History of Art. Geometric drawings — perspective and 
projection. Handicrafts — basketry, leather, block printing and stenciling. 
Paper cutting, book binding, home decoration, clay modeling. 

CHINA PAINTING. 

The methods of best known teachers in New York and Dresden are 
taught. The latest development of this art is carefully studied and pupils 
will have the advantage of designs of the highest order of artistic merit, in- 
cluding originals by foremost designers for china in America. 

I. Tinting, (a) La Croix colors; (b) matt colors; (c) powder colors. 

II. Flower Painting. (a) After designs of Edward Reeves and Marshall 
Fray; (b) Dresden colors — Herr Lamm. 

III. Figure Painting, (a) La Croix; (b) Dresden — Herr Till. 

IV. Ornamental Work, (a) Raised Paste and Gold; (b) Enamels; (c) 
Jewels, etc., on hard china, satsuma, Belleek, and Sedji. 

HISTORY OF ART. 

1. History of architecture and sculpture — Egyptian, Assyrian, Greek and 
Roman, Christian, Byzantian, Romanesque and Renaissance. 

2. Modern sculpture; painting; ceramics. 

3. Appreciation of Art. 

Class topics and references. Required of certificate and diploma pupils. 

NOTE. — Art must be pursued for three years to be credited as a minor. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 99 

PHILOSOPHY 51. 

Survey of the Arts. A survey of the history and various theories of Aes- 
thetics, analysis and comparison of the various arts, a brief parallel history 
of painting, sculpture, architecture, and music, from their beginnings to the 
present. This course is intended primarily for those students who desire a 
cultural and appreciative approach to the various fields of art. 

Open only to Juniors and Seniors. Three hours a week. 



DEPARTMENT OF EXPRESSION. 

MISS CHILDS. 

EXPRESSION 11-12. 

Some topics considered will be: Tone Production, establishment of 
ideals for the speaking voice. Physiology of Voice, proper adjustment of the 
vocal organs, placement and direction of tone, ear training, breath control, 
accuracy of speech. Attention directed to facility in word grouping and 
phrase accent. The body as a medium of expression. Material: Lyric poet- 
ry, prose selections. 

Two semester hours credit. 

EXPRESSION 21-22. 

Quality of tone, modulation, resonance, tone color, strengthening of vo- 
cal apparatus, fundamental principles of vocal interpretation of literature. 
Bodily expression continued; cultivation of general physical response to sen- 
sation, thought and emotion. Original pantomimic problems. 

Two semester hours credit. 

EXPRESSION 31-32. 
Power of Voice. Brilliancy. Drama. Characterization. Scene practice. 
Detailed study of Pantomime. Public recital. 
Two semester hours credit. 

EXPRESSION 41-42. 

Sources of plays are studied, and readings and stories from classics and 
modern literature are given. The student is required to present a satisfac- 
tory notebook of four years' work. A three-act play is rendered in Public 
Recital. Throughout the course, students, as members of "The Playmakers 
of Elon College," take part in plays presented by that organization. 

Two semester hours credit. 

PLAY PRODUCTION. 

A course for students interested in directing plays. Includes a study of 
the play from the director's standpoint; stage principles; the stage itself, its 
setting and lighting; the making of stage models, etc. 

One semester. Three hours a week. No College credit given. 



100 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

MAKE-UP. 

Reasons for using make-up. Materials necessary. Methods of applica- 
tion. Text: "The Art of Make-up," by Heena Chalmers. 

One semester. Three hours a week. Laboratory course. No College 
credit given. 

NOTE. — To count as a minor, Expression must be pursued for three 
years, also English 35-36. A certificate is given at the completion of three 
years' work, and a diploma at the completion of the fourth year. 

For further requirements see Degrees, Honors, Certificates, and Course 
of Study, pages 35 and 56. 



DEPARTMENT OF HOME ECONOMICS. 

MISS HOWARD. 

HOME ECONOMICS 11-12. 

Fall and Spring Semesters. Food Preparation and Service. The general 
principles of cookery applied to the preparation of different types of foods. 
A study of the composition, selection, care, and preparation of foods is co- 
ordinated with a study of their nutritive value and digestion. Planning of 
menus, cooking and serving of breakfast, luncheon, and dinner. 

Lectures one hour a week, laboratory four hours a week. Continued 
throughout the year. Credit six semester hours. 

HOME ECONOMICS 13-14. 

Fall and Spring Semesters. Clothing and Textiles. This course is a study 
of textiles and problems of clothing selection and construction, including the 
use and alteration of commercial patterns, the drafting of patterns, and the 
appropriate use of fabrics. 

Lectures one hour a week, laboratory four hours a week. Continued 
throughout the year. Credit six semester hours. 

HOME ECONOMICS 31. 

Fall Semester. Home Nursing, Child Care. This course is required of 
Home Economics majors, but is open to students of other departments. In- 
cluded in it is home care of the sick, first aid, and practical experience in the 
care of pre-school age children. 

Lectures three hours a week with laboratory work. 

Credit three semester hours. 

HOME ECONOMICS 32. 
Spring Semester. Home Planning and Furnishing. A study of line, form 
and color, as applied to planning, decorating and furnishing a home. A sur- 
vey is made of different types of arts and crafts, followed by a study of furn- 
iture, upholstery, rugs, tapestries, draperies, household linens, glass, silver, 
pewter and china. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 101 

Lectures one hour a week, laboratory four hours a week. Credit three 
semester hours. 

Open to any student, but required of Home Economics majors. 

HOME ECONOMICS 33. 

Fall Semester. Nutrition. This course deals with the fundamental scien- 
tific principles of human nutrition and their application to the feeding of a 
family of varying ages. 

Three recitation hours per week. Credit three semester hours. 

Prerequisites, Home Economics 11-12, Chemistry 11-12. 

HOME ECONOMICS 34. 

Spring Semester. Dietetics. Normal diets for children and adults will 
be studied, also diets in disease. Special attention will be given to diets on 
varying incomes. 

Lectures one hour a week, laboratory four hours a week. 

Credit three semester hours. 

Prerequisite, Home Economics 33. 

HOME ECONOMICS 41. 

Economics of the Home. A study o f the science and art of a planned 
family living. This course stresses general policies for the use of time, ener- 
gy, money and property. 

Three recitation hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

HOME ECONOMICS 42. 

Spring Semester. Home Management. This course deals with the ad- 
justment of the home to changed social and economic conditions, civic re- 
sponsibilities of the home, the organization and efficient handling of home 
industries, household accounts and the family budget. 

Each student is required to live in the practice house at least six weeks, 
otherwise no credit is given for this course. 

Two recitations per week and laboratory work in the practice house. 

Credit three semester hours. 

HOME ECONOMICS 43. 

Fall Semester. Costume and Design. A study of art principles and color 
harmonies applied to the original designing of costumes in pencil drawing 
and crayons. A survey is made of historic costumes from ancient times 
to modern, thus giving a background knowledge from which to draw and 
create new designs. 

Lectures one hour a week, laboratory four hours a week. Credit three 
semester hours. 

HOME ECONOMICS 44. 

Spring Semester. Advanced Clothing. This course deals with the con- 
struction of garments from different materials; accessories to complete the 
costume; economics of textile purchasing. 



102 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

Lecture one hour a week, laboratory hour hours a week. 
Credit three semester hours. 
Prerequisites, Home Economics 13, 14, 43. 

HOME ECONOMICS 45. 

Fall Semester. Materials and Methods for Teaching Home Economics in 
Secondary Schools. The purpose of this course is to acquaint the student 
with the essentials of good Home Economics teaching in all types of secon- 
dary schools. It includes a study of (1) the development of Home Econom- 
ics, (2) organization and content of course of study, (3) leaders in the work 
of Home Economics, (4) relation of Home Economics to other subjects in 
high school curricula, (5) planning and presentation of lessons, (6) texts, 
reference books and magazines, (7) place of Home Economics teachers in 
the community. 

Lectures three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 



DEPARTMENT OF MUSIC. 

PROFESSOR STEERE, Piano, Organ and Theory. 

MISS CHAMBLEE, Voice. 

MR. MOORE, Piano, Organ and Theory. 

MISS WEBB, Violin. 

MR. WALKER, Band and Orchestra. 

The Department of Music has a fourfold purpose: first, to 
provide for those wishing to make music their profession a com- 
prehensive foundation, either for teaching or performing; second, 
to offer to the general student body courses in music theory and 
practical music; third, to afford to students opportunities for 
musical growth by participating in the concerted performance of 
the best in music; fourth, to provide the music in the college 
church, chapel services, and in other places in the college and 
surrounding communities where music may be desired. 

Equipment. — Whitley Memorial Auditorium, the home of the 
Department of Music, is a spacious, modern building, well heated, 
lighted and ventilated. In it are located three floors of class 
rooms, teachers' studios and practice rooms. The auditorium 
proper contains a four-manual Skinner organ and a Mason and 
Hamlin concert grand piano. In the building is also a two-man- 
ual Estey practice organ. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 103 

General Information. 

The work offered by the Department of Music is intended 
to serve three general needs: first, to provide for those majoring 
in music theory courses and applied music leading to the Diploma 
or Certificate in Music; second, to offer to the general student 
body courses in music theory, and lessons in applied music, 
granting regular credit toward the Bachelor of Arts degree, with 
college credit; third, to offer lessons in applied music to all special 
students, i. e. those persons, either children or adults, not enrolled 
as regular students of the college. 

Diploma in Music. — The sequence leading to a Diploma in 
Music is intended for the talented student who wishes to make 
the profession of music his life work. The Diploma may carry 
with it certification to teach music in the public schools of North 
Carolina, provided the student takes the advanced course in 
Public School Methods (Music 45-46); however, the candidate 
for the Diploma need not prepare for public school teaching. 
Diplomas are given in Piano, Organ, Voice or Violin. 

The following are the requirements for the Diploma in Music : 

1. The student must complete the two years of general theory (Music 
11-12, 21-22), Music History (Music 23-24), and at least fourteen semester 
hours of electives in other Music theory or methods, and a maximum of 
twelve semester hours of credit in practical music. Total required, 42 semes- 
ter hours. 

2. He must meet the requirements of the department of applied musie 
in which he is majoring. 

3. He must give a recital from memory. 

Certificate in Music. — The sequence leading to a Certificate 
in Music is intended for those students who desire to teach music 
in public schools. This certificate qualifies the student to receive 
the North Carolina Public School Music Certificate. 

The following are the requirements for this Certificate: 

1. The student must complete two years of general theory (Music 11-12, 
21-22), Music History (Music 23-24), Advanced Methods in Public School 
Music (Music 45-46), and at least four semester hours of credit in Voice. 
Total required 30 semester hours. 

2. The student must take sufficient lessons in Piano to satisfy the De- 
partment of his ability to meet the needs of the public school situation. 



104 Bulletin of Eton College — Catalogue Number. 

COURSES OFFERED. 

MUSIC 11-12. 

General Theory of Music. This course is intended to provide a solid foun- 
dation in musical thinking for those majoring in the Department of Music. 
It includes Sight Singing, Ear Training, Dictation and Harmony, both in 
written exercises and at the keyboard. 

Texts: Alchin's Applied Harmony, Book 1; Alchin's Keyboard Harm- 
ony, Part 1. 

Four hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

MUSIC 17-18. 
Private lessons in Piano, Organ, Voice, or Violin. First College year. 
Credit two to four semester hours. See below. 

MUSIC 21-22. 
General Theory of Music, Advanced. A continuation of Music 11-12. 
Texts: Alchin's Applied Harmony, Book 2; Alchin's Keyboard Harmo- 
ny, Part 2. 

Four hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

MUSIC 23-24. 
History of Music. A historical survey of the field of music from pre- 
historic times through the times of the Ninteenth Century Romanticists. 
Two hours a week. Credit four semester hours. 

MUSIC 25-26. 

Methods in Public School Music. Study of methods in primary and in- 
termediate grades. Choice of material, rote songs, part songs, folk songs. 
The child's voice, the correction of the monotone. Intended primarily for 
those students seeking a Primary Certificate. Not open for credit to music 
majors. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

MUSIC 27-28. 
Private lessons in Piano, Organ, Voice, or Violin. Second College year. 
Credit two to four semester hours. See below. 

MUSIC 31-32. 
Counterpoint. The addition of parts to canti firmi. Simple and double 
counterpoint. 

Text: Elementary Counterpoint, Goetschius. 
Two hours a week. Credit four semester hours. 

MUSIC 33-34. 

Introduction to Musical Literature. The study of music as literature, 
through detailed analysis and attention to phonographic recordings of mas- 
terworks. 

Two hours a week. Credit four semester hours. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 105 

MUSIC 37-38. 
Private lessons in Piano, Organ, Voice, or Violin. Third College year. 
Credit two to four semester hours. See below. 

MUSIC 41-42. 

Form and Analysis. A study of musical form from the song forms, 
through Sonata- Allegro form; a detailed analysis of Mendelssohn's Songs 
without Words; certain of Beethoven's Sonatas, and other works. 

Texts: Goetschius' Homophonic Forms and Goetschius' Larger Forms 
of Musical Composition. 

Two hours a week. Credit four semester hours. 

MUSIC 45-46. 

Advanced Methods in Public School Music. The study of materials and 
methods for primary and intermediate grades, junior and senior high school; 
choice of materials and methods in appreciation; the child's voice and the 
changing voice. This course is intended primarily for music majors who 
seek a teacher's certificate in music. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

MUSIC 47-48. 
Private lessons in Piano, Organ, Voice, or Violin. Fourth College year. 
Credit two to four semester hours. See below. 

MUSIC 51-52. 

Composition. Creative work in music; study in the theory and practice 
of modern harmony and counterpoint, expressed in a variety of forms and 
mediums. 

Two hours a week. Credit four semester hours. 

Applied Music. — Private lessons in Piano, Organ, Voice, or 
Violin may be taken for credit on degrees up to twelve semester 
hours, under certain conditions. (See note under Electives.) 
A full course of private lessons (two thirty-minute lessons a week) 
gives up to two hours credit per semester. Credit is determined 
on the basis of actual accomplishment, and is granted only after 
examination before the members of the faculty of the Department 
of Music. 

For fees for applied music, see Fees and Expenses. 

COURSES IN APPLIED MUSIC. 

PIANO. 
There is no specified sequence in piano study, materials being selected 
according to student needs. The first aim is to lay a thorough technical 
foundation; the next is to develop an extensive repertoire. Included in the 



106 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

material should be works from the following: Czerny School of Velocity, the 
Cramer Studies, the Bach Inventions, Suites and Well-Tempered Clavichord, 
the Beethoven Sonatas, Chopin Etudes, Preludes, Nocturnes, Waltzes, a 
standard concerto, and modern works. 

ORGAN. 

A thorough knowledge of the piano is necessary to the successful study 
of the organ. 

Dickinson's "Technique and Art of Organ Playing" is the basis for the 
beginning work in organ. Thereafter are studied the Little Preludes and 
Fuges of Bach, as well as his major works, standard sonatas of Guilmant 
and Widor, and certain modern works. 

Careful attention is also given to the training of church organists in all 
the problems of service playing. Practical experience is also given in service 
playing to the advanced students. 

VOICE. 

The first two years of vocal study are devoted especially to the correct 
development of the voice. English and Italian songs are also studied. Dur- 
ing the Junior and Senior years, French and German songs are added, as 
well as a study of certain operatic and oratorio arias. 

VIOLIN. 

A thorough foundation is given in playing scales and arpeggios in any 
form. An extensive repertoire is developed from the etudes, concert pieces, 
and concertos of Wieniawski, Vieuxtemps, Brack, Mendelsshon and others. 

General Rules. 

1. Students majoring in the Department of Music must take 
part in whatever musical organizations or programs may be spec- 
ified by the Director. 

2. All students majoring in the Department of Music must 
consult the Director before taking part in any public program. 

3. The Department of Music reserves the right to refuse the 
Diploma in Music to any student whose graduation recital is not 
deemed by the Department to be of sufficiently high standard. 

4. All students who elect a full course in Voice for the maxi- 
innm amount of college credit must serve in the College Choir, 
nniess specifically excused therefrom by the Director. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 107 

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION. 

COACH WALKER. 

MISS CHILDS. 

MR. FYSAL. 

MR. CARRIGAN. 

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 31. 
School Hygiene. A course for students who expect to teach in the grades 
of the public schools. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

MISS CHILDS. 

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 32. 
Health Education. Methods and Materials suitable for health teaching 
in elementary and secondary schools, and elementary first aids. 
Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

MISS CHILDS. 

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 33-34. 
This course is open to young men. It deals with the same principles as 
found in Physical Education 31 and 32. 

The major sports will be added for the young men. 
Three hours a week. Credit six semseter hours. 

COACH WALKER. 

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 41. 
Home and Community Hygiene. General welfare and hygiene of the 
home and community; examination and measurement of school children and 
the work of the school nurse and school physician. 

Three hours per week. Credit three semester hours. 
Prerequisite: Physical Education 31. 

MR. CARRIGAN. 

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 42. 

Playground Organization and Management. The Teaching of Gymnastics. 
Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 
Prerequisite: Physical Education 32. 



DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL TRAINING. 

Every student is required, unless excused by the proper 
Dean, to take the regular Physical Training courses. At the be- 
ginning of each scholastic year, each student is given a physical 
examination, including lung and heart tests, body measurements 



108 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

and general diagnosis. A comparison is made of student measure- 
ments with that of standard measurement, and exercises are pre- 
scribed to develop the parts of the body not up to standard 
measurements. A record is kept of each student until the end of 
the year, when a final examination is made by the directors and 
a comparison made with his entrance examination. 

In case a student has a physician's certificate to be excused 
from the work, the Physical Director will have correspondence 
with the attending physician to find out particulars regarding 
the student's weakness, and progressive exercises adapted to the 
student's needs will be prescribed and shall be required in lieu of 
the regular work. 

The Physical Training work for young men is conducive to 
a well-rounded and healthful College life. 

Each young woman is required to have three hours of Phys- 
ical Training a week. One hour of this is spent in games, such 
as basketball, soccer and volley ball. One hour is spent in rhyth- 
mic dancing, and the third is spent in hiking, tennis, or any 
other form of exercise the student may desire. 

A credit point system has been developed by which each 
young woman receives a certain number of points for each phase 
of athletics in which she engages. When a student has a total 
of 250 points to her credit, she is awarded a letter by the depart- 
ment. 

PHYSICAL TRAINING COURSES FOR MEN. 
PHYSICAL TRAINING 11-12. 
Elementary calisthenics, marching tactics (the work beginning with 
practice in facing and file marching), free exercise without hand apparatus, 
breathing exercises, corrective standing, corrective walking and corrective 
running, corrective work for any undeveloped and unnatural parts of the 
body, elementary tumbling, progressive exercises in elementary apparatus 
work, working for form, games and contests, and chest-weight work. 

PHYSICAL TRAINING 21-22. 
Dumb-bells, wands, Indian clubs, corrective work, marching tactics, 
wrestling, tumbling, tournaments, walking, fancy steps, body building, ap- 
paratus work, Swedish movements, pyramid building, jumping, hiking, Class 
leading, elementary work with the bar-bell and dumb-bell. 

PHYSICAL TRAINING 31-32, 41-42. 
Calisthenics, advanced marching tactics, advanced to more complicated 
maneuvers with figure marching and various ways of placing a class for drill 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 109 

and other work. The United States Military Manual is followed as far as 
practicable. Wrestling, boxing, advanced tumbling, advanced apparatus and 
acrobatic work, including a graded series of heavy apparatus work on horse, 
buck, horizontal bars, parallel bars, vaulting bars, flying and traveling rings, 
ladders, mats and ropes, class leading in all exercises by imitation and com- 
mand, setting corrective work, advanced work with bar-bell and dumb-bell 
and the standard lifts. 

PHYSICAL TRAINING COURSES FOR WOMEN. 

PHYSICAL TRAINING 11-12. 

Standing, marching, Swedish movements, games, folk steps, figure march- 
ing, drills. 

PHYSICAL TRAINING 21-22. 

Figure marching, Swedish gymnastics, body building, poised exercises, 
games, Danish and Swedish steps, drills, contests and marches. 

PHYSICAL TRAINING 31-32, 41-42. 

General gymnasium exercises, advanced Danish and Swedish exercises 
and drills. 



Roster of Students. 

Session 1935- '36. 



SENIORS— CLASS OF 1936. 

Askew, Ernest Edward Eure, N. C. 

Auman, Donald Glenn West End, N. C. 

Barney, Helen Louise Elon College, N. C. 

Boyd, Luther Carlton 232 Burwell Ave., Henderson, N. C. 

Burton, Herbert Walker Brown Summit, N. C. 

Chandler, Drury Boswell Route 6, Durham, N. C. 

Coble, Turla Louise Haw River, N. C. 

Cole, Esther 214 Hargrove St., Durham, N. C 

Cook, Oliver George 1820 Willoughby Ave., Norfolk, Va 

Cooper, William 250 W. 32 St., Norfolk, Va. 

DeMoss, Ollie Watts 807 W. Davis St., Burlington, N. C. 

Farmer, Hazel Bernice N orwood, N. 0. 

Farmer, Nannie Baker News Ferry, Va. 

Granger, Armor Lanson, Jr 405 E. Liberty St., Norfolk, Va. 

Holmes, Charles Wilmore 54 Park Ave., Caldwell, N. J. 

Hoppenstedt, Esther Saw Mill River Rd., Briarcliff Manor, N. Y. 

Howell, Waitus Woodard Route 2, Box 64, Coldsboro, N. C. 

Hughes, Chester Arthur, Jr Elon College, N. C. 

Johnson, Ryland Earl Elon College, N. C. 

Kimball, William Weldon, Jr Manson, N. C, 

Lilley, Mullen Melvin Eure, N. C. 

Matthews, Dan 116 Johnston St., Mt. Olive, N. C. 

Neese, James Reidsville, N. C. 

Neese, Martha Belle 710 Davis St., Burlington, N. C. 

Nelson Alfred William Bris, Va. 

Newman, Ralph Bain Virgilina, Va. 

Newman, Rhetta Elizabeth Woodleigh, N. C. 

Rhodes, Elmina Catherine Windsor, Va. 

Rosser, Thomas Robert Jonesboro, N. C. 

Sims, Robert Earl Mt. Airy, N. C. 

Smith, Rebecca Elon College, IS1 . C. 

Stevens, Wyatt Millard Roanoke, Ala. 

Taylor, George Calvin Lewisville, N. C. 

Todd, Aubrey Clayton 1207 Bainbridge St., Norfolk, Va. 

Troppoli, John Emilu 1327 Corlies Ave., Neptune, N. J. 

Truitt, Ethel Mae Glen Raven, N. C. 

Walker, Margaret O'Kelly Route 2, Brown Summit, N. C. 

Watson, Samuel Mclver Route 5, Sanford, N. C. 

Total 38 

m 



112 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

JUNIOES— CLASS OF 1937. 

Ackenhausen, Marcella Pearl 3310 "Wabash Ave., Cincinnati, Ohio 

Barnwell, George E. 3, Mebane, N. C. 

Blackman, Marguerite Haw Eiver, N. C. 

Boone, Evelyn Bay 611 Lexington Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Bowman, Wayne E. 3, Norfolk, Va. 

Brendler, Louise 1218 Springfield Ave., Irvington, N. J. 

Bullock, William Fuquay Springs, N. C. 

Burgess, Stanley Clyde Eoute 2, Courtland, Va. 

Caddell, Nancy Margaret Elon College, N. C. 

Cameron, John L Jonesboro, N. C. 

Chason, Margaret Lumber Bridge, N . C. 

Coble, James Floyd Eoute 1, Burlington, N. C. 

Edwards, James Allen Eoute 1, Henderson, N. C. 

Ernst, Edythe Elizabeth 3139 Kenmont Ave., Cincinnati, Ohio 

Fowlkes, Sara Elizabeth Yanceyville, N. C. 

Futtrell, Iua Eich Square, N. C. 

Galloway, Odessa Sue Hamlet, N. C. 

Garner, John 85 17th St., Greensboro, N. C. 

Gilmore, Solomon Silas Eoute 4, Sanford, N. C. 

Grigsby, Eebecca Joy Elon College, N. C. 

Grissom, William A E. 1, Henderson, N. C. 

Harrington, Mary Eoute 3, Sanford, N. C. 

Heatwole, Hilda Lee 604 E. Davis St., Burlington, N. C. 

Hook, Sara Virginia Elon College, N. C. 

Lambeth, Linda Maedell Elon College, N. C. 

Lankf ord, Eugene Elon College, N. C. 

Lasser, Leon David 23 Park Ave., Caldwell, N. J. 

Ledden, Bruce Eastman 324 Gordon St., Sanford, N. C. 

Loy, William W Jacksonville, N. C. 

Miller, Ford Mt. Airy, N. .C 

Neese, Sara Kaufman 710 W. Davis St., Burlington, N. C. 

Neese, William Junius Graham, N . C. 

Newman, Leon Stagg Virgilina, Va. 

Newsome, Wilburn Ernest E. Henderson Ext., Salisbury, N. C. 

Oliver, Pauline Margaret Cedar Grove, N. C. 

Piland, Woodrow Wilson Eoute 3, Suffolk, Va. 

Porterfield, LaVerne Haw Eiver, N. C. 

Query, Luke E, 4, Charlotte, N . C. 

Eudd, Clyde Wesley Elon College, N. O. 

Sandlin, Gladys N 614 S. Broad St., Burlington, N. C. 

Smith, Howard Conway Kipling, N. C. 

Smith, Leon Edgar, Jr Elon College, N. C. 

Sutton, Martha Craven Lillington, N. C. 



Bulletin of Eton College — Catalogue Number. 113 

Talton, Garland Broad St., Oxford, N. C. 

Thompson, Eussell Burlington, N. 0. 

Tuck, Lawrence Overby Virgilina, Va. 

Walker, Ola V Gibsonville, N. O. 

Walser, Henry Kudolph 1526 Main St., Salisbury, N. 0. 

Watts, Daniel Thomas Peachland, N. 0. 

Total 49 

SOPHOMORES— CLASS OF 1938. 

Abbitt, James Main Roxboro, N. 0. 

Andrews, Frances 614 Fountain Place, Burlington, N. C. 

Barrow, John Van Route 4, Snow Hill, N. C. 

Berry, Dorothea 92 Bay State Road, Boston, Mass. 

Boyd, Roy Ingram 232 Burwell Ave., Henderson, N. C. 

Bradley, Hal Eugene Yarina, N. 0. 

Briggs, Paul Fields Route 2, Greensboro, N. C. 

Brooks, James Charles Roxboro, N. C. 

Buckner, James Meyers Graham, N. C. 

Butner, Nancy Lou Carthage, N. C. 

Cameron, George Lawrence, Jr Olivia, N. C. 

Cannon, Raymond Gerard 244-59-90 Ave., Bellerose, N. Y. 

Caruso, Joseph 329 Kossuth St., Riverside, N. J. 

Oaskey, Ralph Lemuel Mooresville, N. C. 

Cheek, Paul Clyde Route 3, Greensboro, N. C. 

Cheshire, James Milton Route 1, Sanford, N. C. 

Conyes, Laura Virginia Croton Dam Road, Ossining, N. Y. 

Cook, James Sion, Jr Graham, N . C. 

Cooper, Carl Calvin Route 5, Sanford, N. C. 

Cromlish, Richard Stanton 819 E. End Ave., Wilkinsburg, Pa. 

Day, James Coma Woodsdale, N. C. 

Dixon Maurice R. 3, Mebane, N. C. 

Dowdee, Ira Leonard 114 New Bern Ave., Raleigh, N. C. 

Edwards, Allie Garnett Vass, N. C. 

Ephland, Charles Ray, Jr 707 Kivett St., Burlington, N. C. 

Farrell, Garland Lawrence Aberdeen, N . C. 

Fine, Herman 179 Pomona Avenue, Newark, N. J. 

Fowler, Robert Hughes Snow Camp, N. C. 

Futrell, Aiirelia Rich Square, N. O. 

Galloway, Margaret Maske 614 Spring St., Hamlet, N. 0. 

Greenwald, Arthur Allan Cold Spring Road, Huntington, N . Y. 

Harrington, Jesse Merry Oaks, N. C. 

Harris, Lofton Howell Route 3, Siler City, N. C. 

Hartsell, Arthur R. 1, Jackson Springs, N. C. 

Henderson, Holt Graham, N. C. 



114 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

Hester, Berniee William Route 1, Roxboro, N. C. 

Hester, Randolph Thompson Hurdle Mills, N. C. 

Hester, Robert Allen Route 2, Hurdle Mills, N. G. 

Hilburn, Harold Holmes 1013 Branson St., Fayetteville, N. C. 

Hilgreen, Joseph Lawrence 100 Lane Ave., Caldwell, N. J. 

Holland, Mary Eloise Holland, Va. 

Horton, John Ellington, N. Y. 

Hunter, John H Newell, IS . C. 

Jones, Daniel Pinkey Jones St., Burlington, N. C. 

Jones, Mary Eloise Woodleigh, N. 0. 

Jones Howard Wilson Route 3, Wadesboro, N. C. 

Jones, William C 409 3rd St., Charlottesville, Va. 

Joyce, Margaret Norwood, N. C. 

Kernodle, Charles Edward Route 1, Elon College, N. C. 

King, Talbert 105 Guthrie St., Burlington, N. C. 

Kivette, Olga Church St., Gibsonville, N. C. 

Klapp, Grace South Center St., Mebane, N. C. 

Lankf ord, WilbuT Chapman Elon College, N. C. 

Lewis, North Richard West End, N. C. 

Lillien, Barnard 1073 Springfield Ave., Irvington, N. J. 

Lineberger, Luther Alexander Route 4, Charlotte, N. C. 

Litten, Wade Maxwell Box 127, Gibsonville, N. C. 

Loy, Nell Frances Route 1, Burlington, IS . C. 

Lyons, Lily 175 Chelsea Ave., Long Branch, N. J. 

Maness, William Holt Yanceyville, N. C. 

Mastrobattisto, Albert Carl 103 Divinity St., Bristol, Conn. 

Matthews, Richard Candor, N. C. 

McGoughan, Verna Lumber Bridge, N. C. 

McLean, John McKenzie Broadway, N. C. 

McLean, Wayne Daniel Lillington, N. C. 

Minette, Hugo 58 Myrtle St., Irvington, N. J. 

Montefalco, Ernest Michael 74 Perry Ave., Shelton, Conn. 

Morgan, Robbie Juanita Elon College, N. C. 

Murchison, Victor James Route 2, Liberty, N. C. 

Patterson, Walter McAdoo Route 1, Burlington, N. C. 

Perry, Thomas Marshall, Jr Route 4, Jonesboro, N. C. 

Pointer, John Joseph , Semora, N. C. 

Pritchett, Carl Turner Route 1, Altamahaw, N. C. 

Rawls, Emmaline Holland 204 S. Broad St., Suffolk, Va. 

Rayburn, Merle Saw Mill River Rcl., Briarcliff Manor, N. Y. 

Reeve, Florence 94 Sound Ave., Riverhead, N. Y. 

Rhinehart, Horace 309 Rockford St., Mt. Airy, N. C. 

Rives, Edna HarriB Broadway, N. C. 

Rogers, George Carraway Graham, N. C. 

Scales, Helen Catherine Box 363, Greensboro, N. O. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 115 

Schlitter, Donald Box 283, Derby, Conn. 

Sears, Isaiah Israel Gibsonville, H . C. 

Senter, Neil Leonard Kipling, N. C 

Smith, James Hoke Kipling', N. C. 

Smith Margaret Reid Kipling, N. C. 

Stallings, Jack 71 Lindsay St., Reidsville, N. 0. 

Stephens, Craton Gilmer Hertford, N. C. 

Story, Hatcher P Courtland, Va. 

Summers, Daniel Barrett Route 1, Elon College, N. 0. 

Taylor, Wendell Reidsville, N. C. 

Taylor, Wilbur Newton Route 2, Broadway, N. C. 

Thomas, Clare Mae Route 1, Broadway, N. C. 

Tulchinsky, Emanuel David 389 Leslie St., Newark, N. J. 

Vuncannon, Clarence Reid Troy, N. C. 

Wagoner, Blanche Brown Summit, N. C. 

Waldrop, Emory 225 Spring St., Hamlet, N. C. 

Walker, Annie Hurdle Ireland St., Burlington, N. C. 

Walker, Archie Elon College, N. C. 

Walker, Brona Pernell Gibsonville, N. C. 

Walker, Jesse Marshall 509 Maple Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Walker, Landon Davies 1218 Dilworth Road, Charlotte, N. C. 

White, Edward Draton 103 College Apts., Charlotte, N. C. 

Wilborn, James Varina, N. C. 

Wilkins, Bessie Beatrice Haw River, N. C. 

Wright, Myron Hansbrough 1625 15th St., Washington, D. O. 

Yarborough, David Elbert Jonesboro, N. C. 

Yarborough, Erskine Walter Dunn, N. C. 

Total 107 

FRESHMEN— CLASS OF 1939. 

Adcock, Spurgeon Stokesdale, N. C. 

Alcock, George A Aquebogue, N. Y. 

Arnold, Bickett R. 1, Fuquay Springs, N. C. 

Arnold, Lonnie R. 1, Fuquay Springs, N. C. 

Ayscue, Betty R. 1, Henderson, N. C. 

Baker, Clayton K Carthage, N. C. 

Baynes, Annie L 407 N. Main St., Burlington, N. C. 

Bishop, Leonard 54 Mason St., Hammond, Ind. 

Boland, Frances 303 Trade St., Burlington, IN. C. 

Boone, T. N 611 Lexington Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Boric, John 635 Reed St., Clairton, Pa. 

Bowers, Thurman R. 4, Greensboro, N. C. 

Boyce, Edna M Gatesville, N. C. 

Brannock, Edith Elon College, N. O. 



116 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

Brantley Oscar C 108 W. Hines St., Wilson, N. 0. 

Braxton, Vernon Snow Camp, N. C. 

Brown, Ethel L R. 2, Greensboro, N. C. 

Burton, Earl E 416 Iredell Ave., Spencer, N. C. 

Gannaday, George R. 1, Chapel Hill, N. C. 

Carter, Lillian K Chadbourn, N. C. 

Chason, Mary Helen Lumber Bridge, N. C. 

Clapp, William K R. 4, Burlington, N. C. 

Clarke, Dennis 818 E. High St., Charlottesville, Va. 

Clark, Ruth Page 708 Franklin Ave., Wilson, N. C. 

Coble, Jay R. 1, Julian, N. C. 

Colclough, Mary Frances R. 1, Morrisville, N. C. 

Cole, Ralph 704 Park Ave., LaGrange, Ga. 

Collyer, John W 412 London St., Portsmouth, Va. 

Cooke, John Walter Aberdeen, N. C. 

Cooke, Marjorie 85 Church St., Keansburg, N. J. 

Craven, Mildred Ramseur, N. C. 

Cropp, Wilson W Little High St., Charlottesville, Va. 

Dailey, Helen 605 W. Davis St., Burlington, N. C. 

Dameron, Julia Star, N. C. 

Davis, Woodrow Roxboro, N. C. 

Davison, Harry Independence Ave., Roslyn, Pa. 

Day, Bertram 3371 Main St., Hartford, Conn. 

Dickens, Stephen R. 1, Roxboro, N. C. 

Dickerson, John L 937 "B" St., Portsmouth, Va. 

Dickey, James 715 N. Main St., Burlington, N. C. 

Dix, Walter Altamahaw, N. C. 

Donovan, Francis 70 Maple Ave., Floral Park, N. Y. 

Dorsett, William Elon College, N. C. 

Dow, Frederick 4223-213 St., Bayside, N. Y. 

Dow, Henry 4223-213 St., Bayside, N. Y. 

DuMeer, Harry Aberdeen, N. C. 

Durham, Marshall 603 Maple Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Earle, Willard Ill W. Holt St., Burlington, N. C. 

Earp, Margaret 1612 Buffalo St., Greensboro, N. C. 

Earp, Thomas Milton, N. C. 

Edwards, Morton Gibsonville, N. C. 

Elder, Boyd Six St., Burlington, N . C. 

Faucette, Kenneth 503 Lexington Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Fearrington, Edwin Star Route, Chapel Hill, N. C. 

Feigelson, Seymour 23 Westville Ave., Caldwell, N. J. 

Fleming, Sully W Grimesland, N. C. 

Flowers, James 905 Church St., Burlington, N. C. 

Fogle, Richard Pleasant Hill, N. C. 

Fonville, Walter R. 5, Burlington, N. C. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 117 

Foushee, Carl Jonesboro, N. C. 

Fousliee, Clyde Jonesboro, N. C. 

Franks, Janie Altamahaw, N. C. 

Gaddy, Carl Edmond Bessernar Branch, Greensboro, N. C 

Garner, Eoy Seagrove, IS . C. 

Garrison, Charlie 506 Church St., Burlington, N. C. 

Gideon, Luther c-o Dick's Laundry, Greensboro, N. C. 

Gillispie, James Haw River, N. C. 

Goodes, Yale Brookwood St., Burlington, N. C. 

Goodwin, Frances New Hill, N. C. 

Gordon, Eugene Brown Summit, N. C. 

Greeson, Howard E 1411 S. Ayeock St., Greensboro, N. C. 

Griffin, Thomas 456 S. Main St., New Britain, Conn. 

Gross, Elmer 1008 Jones Ave., N. Braddock, Pa. 

Grundman, Bigdon 818 Terrell St., Greensboro, N. C. 

Hamilton, Donald Charlotte, N . C. 

Hardison, Joe 1306 Grove St., Greensboro, N. C. 

Harper, Carl Bennett, N. C. 

Harris, Jim 215 Spring St., Hamlet, N. 0. 

Harris, Wingate Candor, N. C. 

Hauselt, Alfred 706 Evergreen Ave., Bradley Beach, N. J. 

Haynes, Andrew 1813 High St., Charlotte, N. C. 

Hedgebeth, Emmanuel Holland, Va. 

Heller, Benjamin 20 Gardner Ave., Glen-Olden, Pa. 

Hendricks, Harris 405 S. 5th Ave., Wilmington, N. C. 

Hinton, Robert Pittsboro, N. C. 

Holden, Bebecca 707 N. Main St., Louisburg, N. C. 

Holmes, George Snow Hill, N . C*. 

Holt, Laura Mae Graham, N. C. 

Holt, Martha. E. 1, Graham, N. C. 

Howerton, Violet E. 1, Gibsonville, N. C. 

Hughes, Lila E. 1, Farmville, N. C. 

Hughes, Thomas E. 1, Farmville, N. C. 

Hunt, John E. 5, Oxford, N. C. 

Hurst, Ben 5 Broad St., New Bern, N. C. 

Israel, Archie 206 Plaza Ave., Waterbury, Conn. 

James, Melvin Haw Eiver, N. C. 

Jenkins, Euth Eobbinsville, N. C 

Johnson, Virginia Elon College, N . C. 

Jones, William T E. 1, Holland, Va. 

Karnes, Harry 561 E. 2 St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Kerns, Virginia Ether, N. C. 

Ketner, Tony 211 Eainey St., Burlington, N. C. 

King, Ealeigh, W Gates, N. C. 

Kirby, Henry Lucama, N. O. 



118 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

Kobela, Paul 109 Willow St., New Britain, Conn. 

Koonee, William 104 N. Ireland, Burlington, N. 0. 

Koury, Alfred 719 Dillard St., Greensboro, N. C. 

Latta, Baxter Hillsboro, N. C. 

Lea, Arthur 1003 Lindsay St., High Point, N. C. 

Leary, Herbert Tyner, N. C. 

Lindley, Andrew E. 2, Snow Camp, N. C. 

Lindley, Isaac R. 1, Siler City, N. C. 

Lowdermilk, Charles B. 1, McLeansville, N. C. 

Lupton, Frederick, Jr Hillsboro, N. C. 

Madison, Clarence Eeidsville, N. C. 

Malbon, Eugene 524 Queen St., Portsmouth, Va. 

Manguni, Geraldine 606 Maple Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Markham, Mary E. 6, Durham N. C. 

Martin, Margaret Madison, N. C. 

Mashbuni, Wilma B Star, N. C. 

Matlock, Eebecca Elon College, N . C. 

Matthews, Phillip Candor, N. C. 

May, Sarah 630 S. Broad St., Burlington, N. C. 

Mays, Marjorie Forest Glenn, Md. 

McKown, Jonathan Gaff ney, S. C. 

McNeill, Zella Star, N. C. 

Medlin, Alice H Gatesville, N. C. 

Miele, Vito 52 Naden Ave., Irviugton, N. J. 

Miller, Ashton Park Plaza, Charlottesville, Va. 

Miller, Margaret Bidgeway, S. C. 

Moize, Sara M 315 Hawkins St., Burlington, N. C. 

Moricle, Clay E. 1, Summerfield, N. C. 

Naeole, Al 410 Washington St., Eiverside, N. J. 

IS! eal, Briggs Walnut Cove, N. O. 

Noell, Nathaniel Jonesboro, N. C. 

Paris, Pearl 747 Park Ave., Greensboro, N. C. 

Parker, James 520 Barvon St., Portsmouth, Va. 

Parsons, Berthal 28 Hawley St., New Britain, Conn. 

Payne, Zadie Yanceyville, IS! . C. 

Pell, Sybrant B. 1, Eamseur, N. C. 

Phillips, William 620 D. Second St., Washington, N. C. 

Pickard, Thomas G Pittsboro, N. C. 

Pickett, Thomas E. 1, Burlington, N. C. 

Pollard, Harold C 404 Park Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Porter, William Cliicod, N. C. 

Eea, Lathan E. 2, Charlotte, N . C. 

Eegister, Kenneth E. 1, Sanford, N. C. 

Eeid, William J 10 Dean St., Lynbrook, N. Y. 

Eeynolds, Etheline Leaman, N. C. 



Bulletin of Elon College- — Catalogue Number. 119 

Eeynolds, Neulan Leaman, N. C. 

Eeynolds, Wiley McConnell, N. C. 

Eicci, Caesar 637 Eeed St., Clairton, Pa. 

Bobbins, Frances 1001 Church St., Burlington, N. C. 

Bogers, James B. 3, Mebane, N. C. 

Boilins, Mary, 236 Fayetteville St., Asheboro, N. C. 

Budd Parnell Brown Summit, N. C. 

Bussed, Boy 1204 Parkwood Ave., Charlotte, N. C. 

Sanderson, Emerson Brown Summit, N. C. 

Satterfield, Henry Prospect Hill, N. C. 

Saunders, Eobert 703 Church St., Burlington, N. C. 

Sedberry, Gretchen 720 Walnut Ave., Charlotte, N. C. 

Senter, Ealph Kipling, N. C. 

Senter, Worth Kipling, N. C. 

Shelton, Ames E 705 Eailroad St., Greensboro, N, C. 

Shoemaker, Arnold 53 Piedmont St., Burlington, N. C. 

Shoffner, Eobert B. 1, Burlington, N. C. 

Simpson, Dorothy Mae Altamahaw, N. C. 

Sledge, Eunice N E. 3, Charlotte, N. C. 

Sloan, Jordan E. 2, Sanford, N. C. 

Sloan, Mary Alyce Jonesboro, N. C. 

Smith, Anneta Brown Summit, N. C. 

Somers, Vernon E. 1, Elon College, N. C. 

Stallings, Harry Beidsville, N. C. 

Stephens, Ona M Hertford, N. C. 

Stimson, Mary Lewisville, N. C. 

Stimson, Eobah G Lewisville, N. C. 

Stroupe, Carl Hamlet, N. C. 

Sugg, Mary S Bennett, N. C. 

Taylor Sidney Port Valley, Ga. 

Taylor, Tillett Lewisville, N. C. 

Thompson, Thelma E. 1, Burlington, N. C. 

Thompson, Walter 614 IS!. Main St., Burlington, N. C. 

Thompson, William E, 1, Salisbury, N. C. 

Trollinger, William Allright Ave., Graham, N. C. 

Umphlett, Carl Gates, N. C. 

Underwood, Samuel B. 1, Yanceyville, N. C. 

Valasek, Milan 534 Fourth Ave., Ford City, Pa. 

Vickers, Marshall Graham, N. C. 

Walker, Ernest Apple St., Burlington, N. C. 

Walker, Mary Frances 605 Fountain Place, Burlington, N. C. 

Walker, Nestor Glenn Brown Summit, N. C. 

Walker, Worth Galloway B. 1, Altamahaw, N. C. 

Walleck, Dominic , 938 6th Ave., Ford City, Pa. 

Webster, George Elon College, N. O. 



120 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

Weir, Lillian Hampstead, N. C. 

Wentz, Clifford Carl Hamlet, N. C. 

White, James 2309 Eozzells Ferry Ed., Charlotte, N. C. 

Whitfield, Cooper Courtland, Va. 

Willmann, Eudolph 314 E. 9th St., Charlotte, N". C. 

Willmann, Julia 314 E. 9th St., Charlotte, N. C. 

Wilson, William Woodrow Prospect Hill, N. C. 

Wright, Lucy Mae Star, N. C. 

Yancey, Virginia Varina, N. C. 

Zaleski, John 122 Booth St., New Britain, Conn. 

Total 204 

SPECIAL STUDENTS— AET. 

Apple, Anne Elizabeth Elon College, N. C. 

Cannon, Jeanne Elon College, N. C. 

Foster, Mrs. J. L Elon College, N. C. 

Hayes, Mrs. W. H Graham, N. C. 

Hook, Mary Jeanne Elon College, N. C. 

Home, Lillie Burlington, N. C. 

Howard, Laura Elon College, N. C. 

Hunter, Holt, Jr Elon College, N. C. 

Martin, Mary Frances Elon College, N. 0. 

Messick, Helen Margaret Elon College, N. C. 

Messick, Mary Eose Elon College, N. C. 

Powell, Sophia Maud Elon College, N. C. 

Sharpe, Thomas E. 4, BurlingtOD, N. C. 

Shumaker, Edward Elon College, N. C. 

Shumaker, Samuel Elon College, N. C. 

Stokes, D. T Graham, N. C. 

Terrell, Billy Elon College, N. C. 

Woodson, Julia Burlington, N. C. 

Total 18 

SPECIAL STUDENTS— COMMEECIAL. 

Bass, Leola Z 1004 Church St., Burlington, N. C. 

Brann, Lou Vina Brown Summit, N. C. 

Capps, William Jacksonville, N. C. 

Cates, Jesse H 306 N. Main St., Burlington, N. C. 

Corbett, Margaret 613 Washington St., Shelby, N. C. 

Dildy, Willie E. 3, Walstonburg, N. C. 

Eaves, Brookston Henderson, N. C. 

Foushee, Sam Staley, N. C. 

Heritage, Martha 614 Lexington Ave., Burlington, N. C. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 121 

IngTam, B. Ross Selma, N. C. 

James, Lester Roxboro, N. C. 

Johnson, Hugh B Cary, N. C. 

Joyner, Mary Hillsville, N. C. 

Lamm, Bertha Burlington, N. C. 

Mason, Rebecca Angier, N. C. 

May, Gladys May St., Gibsonville, N. 0. 

Morgan, Henry Prospect Hill, N . C. 

Paige, Louise D Elon College, N. 0. 

Patton, Catherine Jonesboro, N. C. 

Phelps, Lewis Cedar Grove, N. C. 

Pickett, Mattie R. 1, Burlington, N. C. 

Robinson, Melvin Palmyra, N. C. 

Royals, S. Louise R. 2, Trinity, N. C. 

Silva, Joaquin Giines, Cuba 

Staunton, Elva 505 Washington St., Burlington, N. C. 

Straughan, Mary Lois R. 3, Siler City, N. O. 

Tingen, Jessie M 637 Fountain Place, Burlington, N. C. 

Webb, Lila Mae Hamlet, N". 0. 

Total 28 

SPECIAL STUDENTS— LITERARY. 

Brickhouse, Everett 1811 Claiborne Ave., Norfolk, Va. 

Elmore, Orville 316 Walker Ave., Greensboro, N. C. 

Green, Elizabeth 301 N. Main St., Burlington, N. C. 

Gutierrez, George Giines, Cuba 

Hart, Imogene 900 Washington St., Burlington, N. C. 

Holder, Page 126 Wilson St., Greensboro, N. C. 

Land, James A. T Providence Rd., Charlotte, N. 0. 

McLean, Hugh Broadway, N. C. 

Parrish, Leslie Brown Summit, N. C. 

Phillips, Mary Edna Altamahaw, N. C. 

Puglisi, John G Huntington, N. Y. 

Roy, Paul East Chattanooga, Chattanooga, Term. 

Sanderson, Dorothy Brown Summit, N. 0. 

Yurgaitis, Edward 62 Poplar St., Waterbury, Conn. 

Total 14 

SPECIAL STUDENTS— MUSIC. 

Allred, Fay 603 Cameron St., Burlington, N. O. 

Barney, Elva Grace (Mrs.) Elon College, N. C. 

Barney, Elva Grace Elon College, N. C. 

Barney, John III Elon College, N. C. 

Barney, Winifred Elon College, N. C. 



122 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

Boone, Helen Burlington, N. C. 

Bradshaw, Lois Burlington, N. C. 

Coble, June Carol Broad St., Burlington, N. C. 

Cook, Nora Lee Cenral Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Cook, Shirley Webb Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Hook, Irene Elon College, N . C. 

Hook, Jeanne Elon College, N. C. 

Joyner, Emily 601 W. Davis St., Burlington, N. C. 

King, Hazeline 625 Tucker St., Burlington, N. C. 

Kivette, Mrs. D. A Gibsonville, N. C. 

Loy, Christine B. 6, Burlington, N. C. 

Massey, Mrs. W. R 413% W. Davis St., Burlington, N. C. 

Messick, Helen Margaret Elon College, N. C. 

Messiek, Mary Rose Elon College, N. C. 

Moore, Wayne 115 Anthony St., Burlington, N. C. 

Roach, Edith Snow Camp, N. C. 

Smith, Alyse Burlington, N. C. 

Stokes, Billy Graham, N. C. 

Wooten, Hugheston Burlington, N . C. 

Young, Christine Graham, N. C. 

Total 25 

SUMMER SESSION— 1935. 

Andrews, Frances Scott Burlington, N. C. 

Apple, Lalah Gibsonville, N. C. 

Barney, Helen Elon College, N. C. 

Beaseley, R. E High Shoals, N. C. 

Bost, Mrs. Hubert Burlington, N. C. 

Bowden, Edith Burlington, N. C. 

Boyd, Luther Henderson, N. C. 

Briggs, C. V Reidsville, N. C. 

Burgess, Orpha Gibsonville, N. C. 

Burgess, Stanley Courtland, Va. 

Burton, Herbert Brown Summit, IS . C. 

Chandler, Drury R. 6, Durham, N. C. 

Cheek, Mrs. Ethel Graham, N. C. 

Coble, Helen Burlington N. C. 

Cook, Oliver Norfolk, Va. 

Covington, Maxine Asheboro, N. C. 

DeMoss, Ollie Burlington, N. C. 

Farmer, Nannie Baker News Ferry, Va. 

Foster, Mrs. J. L Elon College, N. C. 

Foust, Lizabel Graham, N. C. 

Gipson, John E Parkton, N. C. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 123 

•Glenn, Airs. L. M Graham, N. C. 

Harden, James T Graham, N. C. 

Holt, Mrs. Elva Graham, N. O. 

Iseley, Mitylene Burlington, N. O. 

Johnson, Eyland Elon College, N. C. 

Jones, Eloise Woodleigh, N. C. 

Jordon, Grace Gibsonville, N. C. 

Kivette, Florence Olga Gibsonville, N. C. 

Klapp, Grace Mebane, N. C. 

Lankf ord, Eugene Elon College, N. C. 

Lewis, Alton P Altamahaw, N. C. 

Longest, Mrs. Mabel Graham, N. C. 

Mathews, Dan W Mt. Olive, N . C. 

Merrit, Lena Graham, N. C. 

Morgan, Juanita Elon College, N. C. 

Newman, Ealph Virgilina, Va. 

Parker, Mrs. Lucy Graham, N. C. 

Perry, Mrs. Mary Lou Burlington, N. O. 

Reitzel, Ruth Burlington, N. C. 

Rhinehart, Horace Gastonia, N. 0. 

Rumley, Mrs. Mary M Elon College, N. C. 

Sharpe, Lucy Burlington, N. C. 

Snu'ggs, Gorge B Wadesboro, N. C. 

Stokes, Martha Lou Graham, N. C. 

Swanson, Jeane L Graham, N. C. 

Tate, Mrs. Alma Graham, N. O. 

Taylor, George Lewisville, N. C. 

Thomas, Mrs. Maiy Burlington, N. 0. 

Tulchinsky, Emanuel Newark, N. J. 

Walker, Broua Gibsonville, N. C. 

Walker, Glenn Brown Summit, N. C. 

Walker, Ola Gibsonville, N. C. 

Warren, Ruth Burlington, N. C. 

Watson, Samuel Sanf ord, N. 0. 

Wilkins, Beatrice Haw River, N. C. 

Williamson, Ida B Burlington, N . C. 

Williamson, J. B Chapel Hill, N. C. 

Williams, Mrs. L. C Burlington, N. C. 

Wilson, Mrs. Myrtle Burlington, N. C. 

Wilson, Woodrow Prospect Hill, N. C. 

Woodson, Julia Burlington, N. 0. 

Total 62 



124 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 



SUMMARY. 

Seniors 38 

Juniors 49 

Sophomores 107 

Freshmen 204 

Art 18 

Commercial 28 

Special Literary 14 

Music 25 

Total for regular session 483 

Summer Session, 1935 62 

545 

Less those counted twice 3 

Grand total 542 



3 








m 






F THE Ci 



3 ° t 




A GLIMPSE OF THE CAMPUS 




i.MPUS 



Vol. XXXIII 



February, 1937 



No. 1 



THE BULLETIN 

OF 

ELON COLLEGE 

FORTY-EIGHTH 
ANNUAL ANNOUNCEMENT 

FOR 

1937-1938 

AND 

CATALOGUE OF 1936-1937 




ELON COLLEGE 
Elon College, N. C. 

Bulletin Issued Quarterly 



Entered as second-class mail matter at the postoffice of Elon College, N. C. 
under the act of July 16, 1894. 



Member of 
THE ASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN COLLEGES 

and of the 
NORTH CAROLINA COLLEGE CONFERENCE 



Contents. 



Page 

College Calendar 5 

Board of Trustees 6 

The Faculty 7 

The Church College 11 

The College Environment 19 

Buildings and Equipment 23 

Organizations and Publications 27 

Lectures and Public Exercises 31 

College Athletics 33 

Degrees, Honors, Etc 35 

Scholarships, Loan Funds and Medals 38 

Endowment and Sources of Income 41 

General Regulations 45 

College Expenses 49 

Requirements for Admission 54 

Course of Study 56 

Outline of Degree Courses 59 

Departments of Instruction of the College: 

Business Administration and Economics 67 

Education 74 

English Language and Literature 77 

History and Sociology 79 

Languages, Ancient 82 

Languages, Modern 82 

Mathematics 84 

Natural Science 87 

Psychology 94 

Philosophy and Religion 95 

Special Departments of the College: 

Art 99 

Expression 101 

Home Economics 102 

Music 104 

Physical Education 110 

Physical Training 110 

Roster of Students in the College 113 



1937 I 


JANUARY 


MAY 


SEPTEMBER 


S 


M 


T 


W 


T 


F | S 


S 


M 


T 


W 


T 


F 


S 


S 


M 


T 


W 


T 


F 


S 












1 


2 














1 








1 


2 


3 


4 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 


19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


25 


24 


25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


30 


23 


24 


25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


26 


27 


28 


29 


30 






SI 














30 


31 




• • 




















FEBRUARY 


JUNE 


OCTOBER 




1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 






1 


2 


3 


4 


5 












1 


2 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


21 


22 


23 


24 


25 


26 


27 


20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


25 


26 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


28 














27 


28 


29 


30 








24 
31 


25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


30 


MARCH 


JULY 


NOVEMBER 




1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 










1 


2 


3 




1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


25 


26 


27 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


21 


22 


23 


24 


25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


30 


31 








25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


30 


31 


28 


29 


30 










APRIL 


AUGUST 


DECEMBER 










1 


2 


3 


11 21 3 


41 5 


6 


7 








1 


2 


3 


4 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


8 9 10 


11 12 


13 


14 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


15 16 17 


18 19 


20 


21 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


18 


19 


20 21 22 


23 


24 


22 23 24 


25 26 


27 


28 


19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


25 


25 


26 


27|28|29 


30 




28 30 | 31 


. . 1 . . 






26 


27 


28 


29 


30 


31 




1938 


JANUARY 


MAY 


SEPTEMBER 














1 


1 


21 3 


4 


5 


6 


7 










1 


2 


3 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


8 


9 10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


15 


16 17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 


22 


23 24 


25 


26 


27 


28 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


23 


24 


25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


29 


30 31 










25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


30 




30 




























FEBRUARY 








1 


2 


3 


4 














1 




..11 


21 3 


4 


5 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


6 


7 8 


9 10 


11 


12 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


13 


14 15 


16 17 


18 


19 


19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


25 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 


10 


21 22 


23 24 


25 


26 


26 


27 


28 


29 


30 






23 


24 


25 


26 27 


28 


29 


27 


28 . . 


. . |. . 




















30 


31 










MARCH 


JULY 


NOVEMBER 






1 


2| 3 


4 


5 












1 


2 






1 


2 


3| 4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


25 


26 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


30 


31 






24 
31 


25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


30 


27 


28 


29 


30 








APRIL 


AUGUST 


DECEMBER 










11 2 




1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 








. . 1 11 2 


3 


3 


4 5 


6 


7 


8 9 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


4 


5 


6 


7 8 9 


10 


10 


11 12 


13 


14 


15 16 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


11 


12 


13 


14 15 16 


17 


17 


18 19 


20 


21 


22 23 


21 


22 


23 


24 


25 


26 


27 


18 


19 


20 


21 22 23 


24 


24 25,26 


27 


28 


29 SO 


28 


29 


30 


31 








25 


26 


27 


28 29 30 


31 



College Calendar. 

Session 1937-'38. 



September 7-8 — Freshman Period. Fall Semester begins. 

September 8 — Registration Day for upperclassmen. 

September 11 — Annual Faculty reception. 

September 12 — Opening Address of the President. 

October 14 — Sophomore-Freshman Dinner. 

October 30 — Youth Guidance Conference. 

November 5 — Mid-semester grade reports due. 

November 15 — Subjects for Graduation Theses due. 

November 18 — Elon Playmakers' Evening. 

November 25 — Thanksgiving Day. 

December 2 — Senior-Junior Dinner. 

December 5 — Elon Singers present Christmas Program. 

December 18, 12 :00 M- January 3 — Christmas Holidays. 

January 4 — Classes resumed, 8:00 A. M. 

January 22-26 — First Semester Examinations. 

January 27 — Registration day for Second Semester. 

January 28 — Classes for Spring Semester begin. 

February 3 — Freshman-Sophomore Dinner. 

February 15 — Meeting of the Board of Trustees. 

February 19 — Mid-year Alumni Meeting. 

February 22 — Holiday. 

March 1 — First Draft of Senior Essay due. 

March 10 — Elon Playmakers' Evening. 

March 17 — Senior Dinner, given by President and Mrs. L. E. Smith. 

March 21 — Mid-semester Grade reports due. 

March 24- 30 — Spring Holidays. 

March 31 — Classes resumed, 8:00 A. M. 

April 16 — Elon Singers present: "The Seven Last Words of Christ." 

April 17 — Easter Sunday. 

April 15 — Complete Copies of Senior Theses due. 

April 30 — May Day Exercises. 

May 12 — Junior-Senior Dinner. 

May 24-28 — Second Semester Examinations. 

May 28-31 — Commencement Exercises. 

May 31— Meeting of the Board of Trustees, 9:30 A. M 



Board of Trustees. 



Leon Edgar Smith, D. D., President, ex officio . . .Elon College, N. C. 

Dr. W. H. Boone, Chairman Durham, N. C. 

Rev. P. H. Fleming, D. D., Secretary Burlington, N. C. 

Alton West, Business Manager Elon College, N. C. 

TERM EXPIRES MAY, 1942. 

H. Shelton Smith, D. D Durham, N. C. 

Harry K. Eversull, D. D Cincinnati, Ohio. 

J. O. Atkinson, D. D Elon College, N. C. 

Mrs. Russell T. Bradford R. 2, Suffolk, Va. 

Hon. Kemp B. Johnson Fuquay Springs, N. C. 

Miss Susie Holland Suffolk, Va. 

D. R. Fonville, Esq Burlington, N. C. 

Mrs. R. J. Kernodle Durham, N. C. 

J. H. McEwen Burlington, N. C. 

John L. Farmer Wilson, N. C. 

V. R. Holt Burlington, N. C. 

Miles Krumbine Shaker Hts., Cleveland, O. 

TERM EXPIRES MAY, 1938. 

Col. J. E. West Suffolk, Va. 

Prof. L. L. Vaughan Raleigh, N. C. 

S. C. Harrell, D. D Durham, N. C. 

P. H. FlemiDg, D. D Burlington, N. C. 

Chas. D. Johnston Elon College, N. C. 

E. L. Moffitt, LL. D Greensboro, N. C. 

C. H. Rowland, D. D Greensboro, N. C. 

Luther E. Carlton Paces, Va. 

Dwight Bradley, D. D Newton Centre, Mass. 

TERM EXPIRES MAY, 1940. 

J. E. Rawles, M. D Suffolk, Va. 

J. A. Williams Franklin, Va. 

U Col. E. E. Holland Suffolk, Va. 

W. H. Boone, M. D Durham, N. C. 

J. A. Kimball MansoD, N. C. 

W. Horace Day, D. D Bridgeport, Conn. 

Russell J. Clinchy Washington, D. C. 

Richard H. Clapp New Haven, Conn. 

C. W. McPherson Burlington, N. C. 

W. B. Truitt Greensboro, N. C. 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. 
L. E. Smith, C W. McPherson, W. H. Boone, S. C. Harrell, C. H. Row- 
land, L. L. Vaughan, and J. L. Farmer. 



The Faculty. 



LEON EDGAR SMITH, 

President. ^*;f- 
A. B., Elon College; M. A., Princeton University; D. D., Elon College. 

J. D. MESSICK, 

Dean, Head oj the Department of Education. 

A. B., Elon College; University of North Carolina; Ph. D., New York 

University. 

IVY C. HUSBAND, 

Dean of Women, Associate Professor of Education. 
A. B., University of Minnesota; M. A., Ph. D., University of Iowa. 

ALONZO LOHR HOOK, 

Registrar, Professor of Physics. 
A. B., M. A., Elon College; M. S., Cornell University. Additional Grad- 
uate work, Johns Hopkins University, University of Chicago, 
Duke University. 

JOHN URQUART NEWMAN, 
Professor of Biblical Language and Literature. 
A. B., University of North Carolina; Ph. D., Chicago University; Litt.' 
D., LaGrande; D. D., Union College. 

FLETCHER COLLINS, 

Head of English Department. 
Ph. B., Ph. D., Yale University. 

JOHN WILLIS BARNEY, 

Professor of English. 

A. B., Elon College; Graduate work, Columbia University, University of 

Virginia, University of North Carolina. 

JOHN A. CLARKE, 

Professor of Foreign Languages. 

A. B., Hampden-Sydney College; M. A., University of Virginia; Ph. D., 

Columbia University. 

WALTON CRUMP WICKER, 

Head of the Department of Mathematics. 
. B., M. A., Elon College; A. B., University of North Carolina; M. A. and 
Professional Diploma in Education, Columbia University; Litt. D , La 
Grande; D. D., Union College; Honorary Graduate Student. 
Johns Hopkins University. Additional graduate work, 
Columbia University, University of Virginia, Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, Duke University. 



8 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

NED FAUCETTE BRANNOCK, 

Professor of Chemistry. 

A. B., M. A., Elon College; M. S., Columbia University; Litt. D., Defiance 

College. Additional graduate work, John Hopkins University, 

University of North Carolina. 

FREDERICK KNOWLTON HARDY, 

Professor of Business Administration. 
A. B., M. B. A., Harvard; Ph. D., University of Wisconsin. 

JAMES H. STEWART, 

Instructor in Business Administration. 
A. B., Transylvania College; M. A., University of Kentucky. 

ROBERT BECK BURROWS, 

Head of Department of Science. 
A. B., M. S., Emory University; Ph. D., Yale University. 

CHARLES MARLIN BARBE, 

Director of the Conservatory of Music. 
Mus. B., Westminster Choir School; has completed all requirements except 
residence for Mus. M. 

D. J. BOWDEN, 

Professor of Religion and Philosophy. 

B. S., Virginia Polytechnic Institute; B. D., Yale University. Has completed 

all residence requirements for Ph. D., at Yale University. 

MERTON FRENCH, 

Professor of Religion and Biblical Languages. 
A. B., Washburn College; M. A., Ph. D., Brown University. 

GEORGE L. CARRINGTON, 

Chief Surgeon Rainey Hospital, Professor of Health and Hygiene. 

A. B., University of North Carolina; M. A., Duke University; M. D., 

Johns Hopkins University. 

LESTER COOLUDGE DICKINSON, 

Professor of History. 
A. B., M. A., George Washington University. Has completed residence 
requirements for Ph. D. at Columbia University. 

LAURA HOWARD, 

Professor of Home Economics. 
A. B., Woman's College of University of North Carolina; M. A., Columbia 

University. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 9 

DOUGLAS C. WALKER, 

College Coach and Physical Director. 
A. B., Elon College. 

ELLIS FYSAL, 

Assistant Coach and Director of Intra-Mural Sports. 
A. B., University of North Carolina; Graduate Student Ibid. 

MRS. G. P. COBB, 

Assistant Director of Physical Education for Girls. 

B. S., Woman's College of the University of North Carolina, Graduate Work 

at Columbia University. 

WILLIAM B. TERRELL, 

Principal Teacher Training. 
A. B., Elon College. Graduate work, University of North Carolina. 

LILA CLARE NEWMAN. 

Head Art Department. 

Ph. B., Elon College. Graduate work Columbia University and Harvard 

University. 

MRS. SUE CRAFT HOWELL, 

Head Commercial Department. 

A. B., La Grange College; M. S., North Carolina State College. 

FLOYD CHILDS, X-*" 

Expression and Physical Education. 
A. B, Brenau College; B. O., Brenau Conservatory. 

HELEN V. CHAMBLEE, 

Voice and Theory. 
A. B., Elon College; Graduate New England Conservatory. 

FLETCHER MOORE, 

Associate Professor in Piano and Organ. 

A. B., Elon College; M. A., Columbia University; Juliard School of Music. 

MRS. OMA U. JOHNSON, 

Librarian. 

A. B. f Elon College. Graduate work Columbia University. 

JAMES OSCAR ATKINSON, A. B., M. A., D. D., 

Lecturer on Christian Missions. 



10 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

OFFICERS OF ADMINISTRATION. 

LEON EDGAR SMITH, A. B., M. A., D. D., President. 

J. D. MESSICK, A. B., Ph. D., Dean. 

IVY C. HUSBAND, A. B., M. A., Ph. D., Dean of Women. 

ALONZO LOHR HOOK, A. B., M. A., M. S., Registrar. 

ALTON WEST, A. B., Accountant and Business Manager. 

GEO. D. COLCLOUGH, A. B., Field Agent and Financial Secretary. 

ANN RAWLES NEWMAN, A. B., Secretary to the Business Manager. 

M. E. WHITE, Dietitian. 

MELVIN JAMES, R. N., Resident Nurse. 

ALFRED APPLE, Superintendent of Grounds. 

MOSES ATKINSON, Assistant Supt. of Grounds and Buildings. 

EARL W. VICKERS, Superintendent of Power Plant. 

JAMES CAUSEY, Director of Publicity. 



FACULTY COMMITTEES. 

The President is a member, ex officio, of all committees. 

Administrative — Dean Messick, Dean Husband, Registrar Hook, Professor 

Bowden. 
Alumni Cooperation — Professors Wicker, Clark, Barney. 
Athletic — Professors Barney, Hook, Dean Messick, Mr. West. 
Chapel Services — Professors French, Barbe, Miss Howard, Miss Chamblee. 
Curriculum — Dean Messick, Professors French, Collins, Hook, Dickinson. 
Debates and Literary Societies — Professors French, Brannock, Dickinson, 

Collins, Hardy, Mrs. Johnson, Mrs. Howell, Dean Messick. 
Dramatics — Miss Childs, Miss Howard, Professor Stewart, Mr. West. 
Admissiom and Credits — Register Hook, Dean Messick, Dean Husband. 
Library — Mrs. Johnson, Dean Husband, Professors French, Hardy. 
Music Organizations — Professors Barbe, Moore, Miss Chamblee. 
Practice School — Dean Messick, Dean Husband. 
Property, Buildings and Grounds — Mrs. Johnson, Miss James, Mr. West, 

Mrs. Howell, Professor Stewart. 
Religious Organizations — Professors Bowden, French, Newman, Mrs. John- 
son, Mrs. Howell. 
Social — Registrar Hook, Dean Husband, Dean Messick, Professors Hardy, 

Burrows, Dickinson, Miss Howard. 
Student Loans and Scholarships — Professors Bowden, Clark, Hook, Mr. West. 
Student Publications — Professor Barney, Mrs. Howell, Mr. Walker, Mr. 

Colclough. 
Honors — Deans Messick, Husband, Registrar Hook, Professor Burrows. 
Public Entertainment — Professor Barbe, Dean Husband, Dean Messick, 

Registrar Hook. 



Bulletin of Elon College- 
Catalogue Number. 

For young men and young women who are ambitious and 
who desire assistance in the realization of their ambitions, this 
catalogue is prepared and presented. 

THE CHURCH COLLEGE. 

Great tasks challenged the hearts of those who first came to 
our shores. They were to build not only homes but also a nation. 
Foundations had to be intelligently laid. Governmental struc- 
tures required skill and efficiency. Skill and efficiency could be 
acquired only through schools and colleges. The whole of life had 
to be trained. 

The church accepted the challenge and entered upon the ad- 
venture. She began by founding schools and colleges that later 
grew into great universities — Harvard, Brown, Yale, Dartmouth, 
etc. Her principal purpose w r as to train ministers, that the gospel 
might be properly and efficiently proclaimed. The curriculum for 
the institution founded was selected with this end in view. Soon, 
however, the need for more extensive training was evident. Teach- 
ers, lawyers, physicians, w r ere required, and provisions were made 
for training in their respective professions. 

With this enlarged vision of the need of training, the state 
began to feel its responsibility and joined hands with the church 
that the youth of the nation might have improved scholastic ad- 
vantages. Eventually, the state assumed full responsibility for 
secondary education and also began to build great universities 
throughout the country, which meant, to a large extent, the dis- 
integration of institutions and academies privately owned and 
privately conducted. 

The church school survived this intrusion by the state — if it 
may be considered an intrusion — and is today an important fac- 
tor in the field of higher education. The individual church college 
is, as a rule, the property of a specific denomination, being that 
denomination's project for the training of its own leadership and 
its contribution to the wider aspects of society. 



12 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

In this particular, the Christian Church is no exception. In 
its early beginning in North Carolina and Virginia, there was a 
demand on the part of the church's leaders and constituency for 
an institution of higher learning. Men like Daniel W. Kerr, John 
R. Holt, W. H. Doherty, and W. S. Long, began movements in 
the interest of education which resulted in the appearance of Elon 
College. 

Elon College is Founded. — So persistent became the demand 
for a standard college for the Christians in the South that the 
Southern Convention convened in extraordinary session in Old 
Providence Church, Graham, N. C, September, 1888, for the 
purpose of receiving reports and recommendations of the Com- 
mittee on Schools and Colleges, looking toward the establishing 
of an institution of higher learning for the Church. The Conven- 
tion remained in session three days, and before adjourning ap- 
pointed a Provisional Board, consisting of Dr. W. S. Long, Dr. 
J. Pressley Barrett, Hon. F. 0. Moring, Col. J. H. Harden, and 
Dr. G. S. Watson, with power. This board received requests and 
offers from various localities and finally accepted the proposition 
of Mill Point, which consisted of twenty-five acres of land given 
by the late Hon. W. H. Trollinger, of Haw River, N. C, and 
twenty-three other acres of additional land, and $4,000 in cash, 
given by the citizens of the immediate community. 

The Presidents. — Dr. William S. Long was the first president 
of the College and served for four years. During his administra- 
tion, two buildings were erected — the Administration Building, a 
large and well-planned three-story, brick structure that housed 
the library, laboratories, the administrative offices, society halls, 
and classrooms for all departments; and East Dormitory, a room- 
ing house for girls, which still stands on the campus. Dr. Long 
had the vision, and to him goes the honor of laying the founda- 
tion for the "Greater Elon" that is ours today. 

Dr. W. W. Staley. — To succeed Dr. Long, who resigned, the 
Board elected Dr. W. W. Staley, the pastor of the Christian Church 
at Suffolk, Va. Dr. Staley agreed to serve, provided he be per- 
mitted to retain the pastorate of the Suffolk Church, continue to 
live in Suffolk, and serve the College as non-resident president. 
Dr. Staley served for twelve years, without salary. During his 



Bulletin of Eton College — Catalogue Number. 13 

administration, the College was cleared of its debts and the ed- 
ucational interests of the Convention received a new impetus. 

Dr. E. L. Moffitt. — Dr. Stale}', feeling that he must give his 
full time to the pastorate again, resigned as president of the Col- 
lege; and Dr. E. L. Moffitt was elected to succeed him. Dr. Mof- 
fitt served six years. During his administration, West Dormitory 
was built, which was designated as the girls' dormitory, and the 
East Dormitory, formerly occupied by girls, was assigned to 
boys. Under Dr. Moffitt's direction, the power house was erect- 
ed, providing modern facilities for all college buildings. This 
marked a long step forward for the college. 

Dr. W. A. Harper. — Dr. Moffitt resigned the presidency of 
Elon that he might be permitted to enter private business. Dr. 
W. A. Harper, then a member of the Elon faculty, was elected 
as president and served for twenty years. During Dr. Harper's 
administration, the Alumni Building, which is a combination build- 
ing of gymnasium and young men's dormitory, and Ladies' Hall 
were erected. On January 17, 1923, the Administration Building 
was destroyed by fire. Five new buildings — the Alamance, the Carl- 
ton Library, the Artelia Roney Duke Memorial Science, the Whitley 
Memorial Auditorium, and the Mooney Christian Education — 
were erected. This provides Elon College with adequate, modern 
equipment for college work. 

Dr. L. E. Smith. — Following Dr. Harper's resignation, June, 
1931, the College was without a president for practically one year. 
The Board elected Dr. L. E. Smith, who was at that time serving 
as pastor of the Christian Temple, Norfolk, Va., to succeed Dr. 
Harper. Dr. Smith is now serving in this capacity. 

Elon College is Chartered. — Application was made to the 
State of North Carolina for a charter. The application was grant- 
ed, and the charter is printed in the Private Laws of North Car- 
olina for 1889, as Chapter 216, and reads, in part, as follows: 

AN ACT TO INCORPORATE ELON COLLEGE. 
The General Assembly of North Carolina do enact: 

Section. 1. That W. S. Long, J. W. Wellons, W. W. Staley, G. S. Wat- 
son, M. L. Hurley, E. T. Pierce, W. J. Lee, P. J. Kernodle, J. F. West, E. 
E. Holland, E. A. Moffitt, J. M. Smith, J. H. Harden, F. O. Moring and 
S. P. Read, and their associates and successors, be and they are hereby 



14 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

created a body politic and corporate to be styled the "Board of Trustees of 
Elon College," and by that name to remain in perpetual succession, with 
full power to sue and to be sued, to plead and be impleaded, to acquire, 
hold and convey property, real and personal, to have and use a common 
seal, to alter and renew the same at pleasure, to make and alter from time 
to time such bylaws as they may deem necessary for the government of said 
institution, its officers, students and servants: Provided, that such bylaws 
shall not be inconsistent with the Constitution and laws of the United States 
and of this State. Also, to have power to confer on those whom they may 
deem worthy such honors and degrees as are usually conferred in similar 
institutions: Provided further, that said trustees shall not be individually 
liable for their acts and doings as trustees. 

Section 2. The affairs of said College shall be under the management 
of a board of fifteen trustees who shall be members of the Christian Church. 
A majority of the board shall form a quorum for the transaction of business. 
Said trustees may convey real estate by deed, under their common seal, 
executed by the president ana secretary of said board. They may hold office 
as the general convention of the Christian Church may specify or until their 
successors are elected. Said trustees shall hold their first meeting at Mill 

Point, in Alamance County, on the day of , 1889; 

afterwards, they shall meet on their own appointment; but of necessity, the 
president, with the advice of two trustees, may call a special meeting of 
the board, or any five members of the board may call such a meeting by 
giving notice to each member in writing at least ten days before the time of 
meeting. 

Section 3. That said institution shall remain at the place where the 
site is now located, in Alamance County, Boone Station Township, at the 
place now called Mill Point; and shall afford instruction in the liberal arts 
and sciences. And the trustees may, as they shall find themselves able and 
the public good requires, erect additional departments for such other branches 
of education as they may think necessary or useful. 

Section 4. That the board of trustees shall from time to time appoint 
a president and other officers and instructors, and also agents of the insti- 
tution, as may be necessary; and shall have power to displace or remove 
any or either of them for good and sufficient reasons; also fill vacancies which 
occur in the board by resignation, death, expiration of term of office, or 
otherwise, among said officers or agents, and prescribe and direct the course 
of study to be pursued in said College and its departments. 

Section 5. The president of the College shall be ex-officio a member of 
the board of trustees and president of the same, and in his absence the board 
shall elect one of its own members to preside for the time being, and if any 
of said trustees shall be permanently appointed president of said College, 
his office as trustee shall be deemed vacant and the board of trustees shall 
fill the same. 

Section 6. That said College and the said trustees shall at all times be 
under the control of the general convention of the Christian Church. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 15 

Section 7. The board of trustees shall faithfully apply all funds by 
them collected and received according to their best judgment in erecting 
suitable buildings, supporting the necessary officers, instructors and agents, 
and in procuring books, maps, charts and other apparatus necessary to the 
well being and success of the College. 

Section 8. The treasurer shall always, and all other agents when re- 
quired, before entering on the duties of their appointments, give bonds for 
the security of the corporation and the public in such penal sums as the 
board of trustees may direct, and with such sureties as they shall approve. 

Section 9. Property to the amount of five hundred thousand dollars 
held by said trustees for said College shall forever be exempt from taxation. 

Section 10. That it shall not be lawful for any person or persons to 
set up any gaming table or any device whatever for playing at any game of 
chance or hazard, by whatever name called, or to gamble in any manner, 
or to keep a house of ill-fame, or to manufacture spirituous or intoxicating 
liquors or otherwise to sell or convey for a certain consideration to any per- 
son any intoxicating liquors, within one and a half miles of said College; 
any person who shall violate any of the provisions of this section shall be 
guilty of a misdemeanor. 

Section 11. That all property, real and personal, and all choses in 
action that have been or may hereafter be conveyed, given, granted or de- 
vised, or that may have in any manner come or may hereafter come into 
the possession of said trustees for Graham College, shall vest in and belong 
to said trustees of Elon College, and the said trustees for Graham College 
are authorized to make or cause to be made such conveyances as will vest 
in said trustees for Elon College the title of all property heretofore conveyed, 
given, granted or devised to them, or which has in any manner come into 
their possession for Graham College, or that may hereafter be conveyed, 
given, granted or devised to them, in any manner, or come into their possess- 
ion for said Graham College. 

Section 12. That this act shall be in force from the date of its ratifi- 
cation. 

Ratified the 11th day of March, A. D. 1889. 

The Charter Amended: The General Assembly of 1909 enact- 
ed an amendment to this charter, allowing the College to have 
eighteen instead of fifteen trustees. 

The Charter Amended Again: The General assembly of 1913 
enacted an amendment to the charter, making the quorum of the 
Board of Trustees eight, and forbidding credit to minor students on 
the part of "any merchant, druggist, liveryman, agent or vendor," 
without written consent from the President or Dean of the Col- 
ege, or of the parent or guardian. 



16 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

A Third Amendment: The General Assembly, in its 1915 
session, upon the request of the Southern Christian Convention, 
the Board of Trustees concurring, again amended the charter, in- 
creasing the number of trustees to twenty-four. 

A Fourth Amendment: The 1917 session of the General As- 
sembly granted a further amendment to the charter increasing 
tax exemption on property held by the College to five million 
dollars. 

A Fifth Amendment: The Secretary of State for North Car- 
olina, on May 28, 1923, at the request of the Southern Christian 
Convention and the Board of Trustees, amended the Charter, 
permitting a total of thirty trustees, with a quorum of ten. 

A Sixth Amendment: Upon the merger of the Congregation- 
al and Christian Churches, in October, 1929, the Southern Chris- 
tian Convention authorized an increase in the number of trustees 
to thirty-six and to select six of them from the former Congre- 
gational constituency. This amendment was approved by the 
Secretary of State in May, 1930. 

A Seventh Amendment: The 1933 session of the General As- 
sembly granted an amendment to the charter, making it unlaw- 
ful to make or sell beer of any percent within the radius of a mile 
and a half of Elon College. This amendment was approved by 
the Secretary of State, May, 1933. 

Government. — The Board of Trustees is the final authority 
in the disposition of all matters of government and administra- 
tion. 

The Faculty is charged with the responsibility of conducting 
the affairs of the College from an administrative standpoint and 
otherwise plan for the institution's advancement. The Faculty 
meets with the President or, in his absence, with the Dean. 

The internal government of the College is quite satisfactory 
The aim has always been, and is, to have as few regulations as 
possible. The principle of honor is largely relied upon to main- 
tain discipline. Usually this policy yields the best results in con- 
duct, scholarship and character. The government is individual, 
considerate, yet firm and decided, seeking the good of the individ- 
ual student and not simply discipline as its end, the fundamental 
aim being to attain culture and courtesy and to cultivate Chris- 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 17 

tian character grounded upon the principles of right, duty, hon- 
or, propriety, and an earnest desire for truth. 

When a student registers, he, by that act, signs an agree- 
ment to obey cheerfully all the regulations of the College and to 
do whatever he may be able to upbuild the spirit and the tone 
of the institution; and failure to keep this agreement is consid- 
ered sufficient cause for asking him to withdraw. 

The Students. — Under the authority of the College, student 
government prevails at Elon, consisting of separate organizations 
for men and women. The Faculty has granted constitutions to 
the Senate (for men) and to the Council (for women). These 
constitutions, together with the by-laws of the two organizations, 
are printed in the Hand Book. 

The Dean. — The Dean of the College has original jurisdic- 
tion over attendance on class, chapel and religious services for the 
men and the general conduct in men's dormitories. He is the 
official adviser of the Senate. He also represents the President 
when the latter is out of town. 

The Dean of Women. — The Dean of Women has original 
jurisdiction over attendance on class, chapel and religious services 
for the women and of permission of the women to leave town. 
She is the adviser of the student Council. 

The Dean of the College and the Dean of Women. — The two 

Deans of the College, in cooperation with the President, have 
jurisdiction over all of the social functions of the College. The 
officials of student government confer with the above officials 
as to advice regarding all social features connected with Satur- 
day night parties, sorority and fraternity banquets, etc. 

The Business Manager. — The Business Manager carries out 
the business and financial policies of the College as directed by 
the Board of Trustees. All business contracts must have his en- 
dorsement before they are binding on the College. He alone 
orders supplies for the College and its several departments, with 
the exception of supplies for the dining hall. In the purchase of 
food supplies, he places orders in consultation and cooperation 
with the College dietitian. 



18 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

He is the custodian of all the assets and properties of the 
College and is charged with the responsibility of seeing that the 
same are cared for and kept in order. 

The Registrar. — The Registrar of the College keeps a correct 
list of all applications for entrance, a correct roll of all matricu- 
lated students, regular and special, and has charge of all admis- 
sions, transcripts of records, grades, etc. 

The Faculty. — The Faculty, acting through the Deans and 
the President, have original jurisdiction over all matters of con- 
duct in regard to a student and a faculty member. The member- 
ship of a student in college is not a prerogative of student govern- 
ment. Extension and control of social privileges reside in the 
Faculty through the President and Deans, when desired. The 
Faculty may determine either before or after the trial by either 
student government organization what cases involve suspension 
or expulsion. The President has the final say in all cases of ex- 
pulsion. 

The President and Faculty may, from time to time, add to 
the printed traditional regulations of the College. 

The Faculty meets at 8:00 P. M., each first Monday in reg- 
ular session, from September to May, inclusive. Called meetings 
are held upon the call of the President. 

Faculty Committees. — In the interim of its sessions the Fac- 
ulty transacts its business through its committees. These com- 
mittees also are expected to report to the Faculty in session at 
its regular or called meetings and to preserve written records of 
their proceedings, filing copies in the office of the President. 
Their administrative transactions have all the force of Faculty 
action. These committees do not have legislative authority. 

The Cabinet. — The Cabinet consists of the President, the 
Deans, the Registrar, and the full professors in the Literary De- 
partment of the College. It meets upon the call of the President 
and exercises all the authority of the full Faculty. 

Proctors. — Each of the buildings for men has a proctor ap- 
pointed by the President or approved by him, and to the proctor's 
care the building as such and the general conduct of the students 
housed in the dormitory are entrusted. 



The College Environment. 

The Location. — Elon College is located sixty-four miles west 
of Raleigh, seventeen miles east of Greensboro, and four miles 
west of Burlington, on the North Carolina division of the South- 
ern Railway. The railroad is the southern boundary of the cam- 
pus, and it commands a view of the college buildings. Highway 
Number 10-A is the northern boundary. 

Eight mail and passenger trains pass the College daily. The 
Short Line of the Carolina Coach Company passes the College, 
affording bus accommodations to the students to all parts of the 
country. 

The Campus. — The College Campus presents a most beauti- 
ful and attractive appearance. It is spacious and, for the most 
part, is covered by stalwart native oak and hickory. Through 
the courtesy of the J. Van Lindley Company, of Greensboro, N. 
C, additional shrubbery has been placed on the campus where 
such additions would add to the beauty and attractiveness of 
the grounds. The concrete walks and driveways add to its native 
beauty and charm. Its very atmosphere is a contribution to the 
development of manhood and womanhood. The old well, famous 
in the early days before the College water system was installed, 
has been covered over and transformed into a summer house. 
The massive brick wall surrounding the campus lends dignity as 
well as protection and quietude. 

The Climate. — Climatic conditions contribute effectively to 
mental development. An extremely warm climate has a tendency 
to encourage indolence and mental inertia. Extremely cold cli- 
mates likewise have their disadvantages. The location of Elon 
forbids the extreme climatic conditions. Students are not sub- 
jected to the inconvenience and danger of extremes in tempera- 
ture. An average of 59 degrees is maintained throughout the 
year. In winter, of course, the temperature is lower; in summer 
it rises. But on the whole, the climate of Elon College is most 
attractive and is one of its great assets, sufficiently cool to en- 
courage energy and sufficiently warm to avoid discomfort. 



20 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

The Water Supply. — The College has the added asset of pure 
water. Water for the entire college group is pumped from a deep 
well on the campus. The North Carolina State Department of 
Hygiene regularly analyses the water, and it always reports "no 
polution." The state analysis is herewith appended: 

Reaction, alkaline; total number of acid forming bacteria, 0; colon 
bacilli in 10 c. c, 0; colon bacilli in 1 c. c, 0; no pollution. 

The Health of the Students. — The College authorities seek 
in every way possible to maintain and protect the good health of 
the students. In addition to providing pure, wholesome water, 
good food in sufficient quantities is carefully purchased and is 
thoroughly prepared under the direction and personal supervis'on 
of the dietitian, who is thoroughly trained and experienced in her 
particular line. 

The College also provides a trained nurse to care for the 
students from a health and a medical standpoint. 

The Religious Atmosphere. — Elon College is a church insti- 
tution, supported by the Congregational-Christian Church for the 
specific purpose of training young men and young women under 
strictly moral and religious influences. In order to accomplish 
this purpose, the Board of Trustees and Faculty have sought 
diligently to eliminate from the college campus and community 
all forces that make for wrong and evil. The manufacture and the 
sale of intoxicating liquors are forbidden within a radius of one 
and one-half miles of the College. This act is upheld and sup- 
ported by the laws of North Carolina. 

Moral and religious training are encouraged in every way 
possible. It is not the purpose of the College to change or uproot 
honest faith in any heart but to afford to every individual op- 
portunities for moral development and spiritual advancement. To 
this end, the College has provided a beautiful auditorium for wor- 
ship. Regular worship services are held each Sunday at 11:00. 
The weekly sermon is brought either by the pastor or by some 
visiting minister. Music for the hour of worship is furnished by 
the Elon College Choir. The program of music is always elabor- 
ate but devotional and is an asset to the individual in his devo- 
tions and worship. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 21 

The students have charge of Vespers conducted at 6:30 each 
Sunday evening. They arrange and conduct their own program 
of worship, which is always intensely spiritual. 

Sunday School is conducted in the Religious Education Build- 
ing each Sunday morning. The Sunday School is organized in 
keeping with the latest plans for efficient and effective work. All 
Sunday School, church services, and other religious activities on 
the campus are not for faculty and students alone but for the 
entire community. 

Chapel services are conducted in the auditorium on Wednes- 
days and Fridays of each week. These services are meant to be 
religious and spiritual, conducted by either some member of the 
faculty, a student organization, or a visiting speaker. The stu- 
dents also meet Monday morning of each week in the chapel of 
the Religious Education Building for announcements and matters 
pertaining solely to student interest. The president of the stu- 
dent body presides over these meetings. All students are requierd 
to attend the morning church service, and the chapel services, 
unless attendance at such services will do violence to their own 
religious convictions and practices. 

A further moral and religious influence is found in the ac- 
tivities of the Student Christian Association. This organization 
is composed of young men and women who are interested in the 
moral and spiritual growth of the students on the campus. The 
development of social consciousness and international understand- 
ing in addition to personal development, is an aim of this group. 
The committees through which the Student Christian Association 
functions include the following: Religious Programs Committee 
(which is responsible for the Sunday night Vesper Service), the 
Social and Recreational Committee, the Social Service Commit- 
tee, and the World Fellowship Committee. The last two com- 
mittees are primarily interested in the local community and in- 
ternational relations, respectively. 

The Elon Spirit. — The spirit of an individual, an organiza- 
tion, an institution, or a nation, determines to a great extent its 
influence. The influence determines largely its value. Everyone 
who comes in touch with Elon College or with a group of Elon 
College students is soon aware of that intangible and yet ever- 



22 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

present thing that we call "The Elon Spirit." It manifests itself 
in yells, songs, scholarship, honest dealings, fair play, mutual 
helpfulness, brotherly consideration, equality, fraternity, manli- 
ness, womanliness, gracefulness, deference for others, Christian 
dignity, and a consecrated and religious character. 

The Elon Spirit is manifested definitely, of course, on the 
campus itself, creating a spirit of respect for authority and indi- 
vidual faculty members, deference toward each other, and of 
courteous regard for visitors and particularly representatives of 
other colleges who may come for student gatherings, debates, 
athletic contests, etc. Without knowledge of working for or even 
the existence of such an honor, the Elon College student body 
was presented with an award of beautiful design by the president 
of the North Carolina Student Federation for displaying during 
1934 the best sportsmanship toward visiting students of any col- 
lege within the Conference. The award was received with sur- 
prise and great applause. This is only one evidence of the fine- 
ness and genuineness of the Elon Spirit. 



Buildings and Equipment. 



THE GREATER ELON GROUP. 

On January 18, 1923, the Administration Building, erected 
in 1889, was destroyed by fire. This necessitated a rebuilding 
program, which was undertaken in terms of the growth and de- 
velopment of the College. An architect, Mr. Herbert B. Hunter, 
with Mr. W. C. Cridland as landscape gardener consulting, was 
engaged to lay out the campus and grounds for the future de- 
velopment of the plant. It was decided to undertake at once 
the erection of five buildings, all of them fireproof, as follows: 

The Alamance Administration Building. — The Administra- 
tion Building was to be the center of the group and, of course, the 
most extensive. This building was to house the President's and 
Dean's offices, the business offices, the recitation rooms, several 
departments, and the literary societies of the College. 

The citizens of Alamance County expressed a desire to co- 
operate in the rebuilding of the College. A group of Alamance 
citizens agreed to undertake to raise $100,000 to pay for the 
erection of the Administration Building provided friends of the 
College outside of the county would raise a minimum amount of 
$200,000 for the erection of the remaining four buildings of the 
Greater Elon group. The College authorities accepted the chal- 
lenge of the citizens of Alamance and voted to call the new ad- 
ministration building by the county's name. 

The building is a three-story structure, of brick and rein- 
forced concrete, 200 feet long and 86 feet wide. 

The Carlton Library. — This building, the gift of Trustees P. 
J., H. A., and L. E. Carlton, and their sister, Mrs. T. S. Parrott, is 
120 feet long, 64 feet wide, three stories, and constructed of brick 
and reinforced concrete. The stack room has capacity for 187,- 
500 volumes. Besides offices and work room for the library force, 
the building contains fourteen professors' research and office 
rooms and seven students' seminar rooms. The reading room has 
seating capacity for one hundred readers. 



24 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

The L. H. Whitley Memorial Auditorium. — In memory of 
his father-in-law, Mr. L. H. Whitley, Mr. J. M. Darden lent 
$50,000 to assist in the erection of this building. Besides the reg- 
ular auditorium, the building also houses the Music Department. 
It is equipped with a four manual Skinner pipe organ, an extra 
practice organ, with grand and upright pianos, to meet every 
demand on the part of the musical student of the College. 

The Mooney Christian Education Building. — In memory of 
Rev. Isaac Mooney, his father-in-law, Mr. M. Orban, Jr., gave 
this building to the College. It houses the voluntary religious 
and social activities of the campus and supplies laboratory facil- 
ities for the School of Christian Education, containing a com- 
pletely graded Sunday School plant for the Week-Day Religious 
School and for the village Sunday School. The class rooms of the 
School of Christian Education are also in this building. 

So far as we know, this is the only building of its kind on a 
college campus in this country. 

The Duke Science Building. — In memory of their mother, 
Mrs. Artelia Roney Duke, a native of Alamance County, Messrs. 
J. B. and B. N. Duke donated $80,000 toward the erection of 
this modern, fire-proof science building. A full floor is assigned 
to each Physics, Biology and Geology, and Chemistry. The 
building is equipped throughout with the most approved scien- 
tific furniture and apparatus. 

OTHER BUILDINGS AND EQUIPMENT. 

The East Dormitory. — This is the only original building left 
on the campus. It is used as a dormitory for men. This building 
is a 40 by 60 foot, three-story, brick structure, completely over- 
hauled and fitted up with all modern conveniences. 

The West Dormitory. — Erected in 1905, is 158 by 46 feet, three 
stories, with a two-story brick annex, 40 by 60 feet. West Dorm- 
itory has a capacity on the second and third floors for 120 young 
ladies. The first floor is used for living quarters for lady Faculty 
members, for guest rooms, and for reception halls. The annex 
contains the two dining halls and the ladies' gymnasium. 

The Alumni Building. — Erected in 1912. It is the gift of the 
Alumni to Alma Mater. It is a three-story, brick structure and 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 25 

is used as a dormitory for men, with a men's gymnasium on the 
first floor. 

Ladies' Hall. — Erected in 1913. This is a two-story brick 
structure, 40 by 100 feet, with a capacity for 64 young ladies. 
This building was completely overhauled so as to present at 
tractive accommodations for roomers for 1935-36. 

Men's Hall. — This building is off the campus and was not 
erected for a dormitory, though it has been renovated and made 
into a comfortable rooming house for young men. It has accom- 
modations for about 60 young men. 

West End Hall. — This is a fourteen-room dwelling adjoining 
the campus and is used as a teacherage for faculty members. 

The Power Plant. — The power plant is a brick structure and 
is the central station for heat, light, water and other service 
functions of the College buildings. 

Athletic Field. — The athletic field contains thirty-four acres, 
conveniently situated, and is sufficient for all sports. 

DEPARTMENT STUDIOS. 

Music. — Five studios and twenty-two practice rooms in the 
Whitley Memorial Building. The Mason and Hamlin Concert 
Grand Piano, the Duo-Manual Estey Organ, and the four man- 
ual Skinner Organ in the building are available for special teach- 
ing and concert purposes. 

Art. — The Art studio is on the third floor of Alamance Build- 
ing. 

Expression. — The Expression studio is on the second floor of 
Alamance Building. 

Home Economics. — This Department is adequately equipped 
and occupies the entire south side of the third floor of Alamance 
Building. 

Practical Arts. — This Department is on the third floor of the 
Alamance Building. 

Business. — The department for business instruction, includ- 
ing Shorthand, Typewriting and Bookkeeping, occupies the east 
end of the third floor of Alamance Building. 



26 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

OTHER OFFICES AND ACCOMMODATIONS. 

Administrative Offices. — On the first floor of the Alamance 
Building are the offices of the President, Registrar, Business Man- 
ager, and the Deans. 

Infirmary. — The Infirmary is on the first floor of West Dorm- 
itory. The equipment for the Infirmary was donated by Dr. J. 
E. Lincoln and Mrs. S. W. Lincoln. 

Dining Halls. — The dining halls are in West Dormitory an- 
nex. 

GENERAL EQUIPMENT. 

All of the college buildings are equipped with modern con- 
veniences, including electric lights, steam heat, running water and 
baths. The furniture is simple, yet substantial and durable. The 
equipment of classrooms, lecture halls, laboratories, and the sev- 
eral departments is of the most approved type. 



Organizations and Publications. 



The College Church. — Elon College Community Church is 
composed of faculty members, students and townspeople. The 
church services are held each Sunday in the College Auditorium. 
The pastor of the Church is Rev. Leon Edgar Smith. Ministers 
from other denominations are, from time to time, invited to oc- 
cupy the college pulpit. 

The Church School. — The Community Church, together with 
the College, maintains a Church School. The superintendent, with 
the President, pastor and Deans, appoints the teachers. The 
teachers of the school come largely from the College faculty. 
The Church School meets each Sunday morning at 10 o'clock. 

The curriculum of the Church School is founded upon the 
regular graded lessons for children, and International lessons for 
adults of the community. The curriculum of the college student 
classes within this Community Church is based upon "interest 
groups" led by members of the college faculty. 

Subjects chosen in each group will be pursued for a period 
of two or three months, or for the entire year, depending upon 
the judgment of the superintendent, faculty advisor, and students 
involved. The subjects discussed during the year 1935-'36 in- 
cluded : 

1. International Church School Lesson. 

2. Moral and Religious Aspects of Current Social Problems. 

3. Moral and Social Aspects of Immediately Current Events. 

4. Common Trends in the Development of Religion. 

5. What Can Students Believe regarding Prayer, Jesus, 
God, etc. 

Student Organizations. — The Students Christian Association, 
and the Ministerial Association of the College, form the Relig- 
ious Activities Organization ; and this organization is charged with 
the responsibility of providing religious, cultural and spiritual 
nurture for the students from the students' standpoint. These 
organizations forming the Religious Activities Organization retain 
their separate identity and have their individual organizations. 



28 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

It is a fine illustration of cooperative effort in the interest of the 
enlarged religious life of the student body. Together, they see 
that helpful and inspirational programs are provided for Vespers 
each Sunday evening at 6:30, and in various other ways contri- 
bute to the religious instruction and spiritual life of the College. 

Literary Societies. — The Dr. Samuel Johnson Literary So- 
ciety, replacing the Clio Society, was organized January 9, 1935, 
with a charter membership of fifteen. This organization endeav- 
ors to combine literary work with debating and an analysis of 
current problems in a manner that will insure the greatest possi- 
ble development of its members. 

Departmental Clubs. — There are three departmental clubs at 
Elon, the English, Science and Social Science Clubs, which meet 
twice a month under faculty supervision. Students who have 
made an average grade of 80 per cent in all subjects represented 
in the Club are eligible to associate or full membership. The pur- 
pose of the Clubs is to aid the student who shows a special in- 
terest in one of these fields to obtain a broad outlook on his subject, 
to give reports, and to prepare for graduate or professional work. 

Class and Other Organizations. — Each of the classes in the 
College has its own organization. These class organizations tend 
to develop class and college spirit, and have proved very helpful. 
Each class selects its motto, pin or other distinctive mark, color, 
flower and its own officers. Each class, when it organizes in its 
freshman year, elects a head of some literary department, other 
than the President or Dean, as its Faculty Adviser. The classes 
hold their meetings after public announcement on the bulletin 
boards, and all such occasions should be attended by the Faculty 
Adviser. 

No organization of students can be effected without the Fac- 
ulty's common consent and approval; and no called meetings of 
any regular organization can be held without permission from 
the Dean. The freshman class may not organize before the first 
Tuesday in October. 

The Alumni Association. — This is a voluntary organization 
of the graduates of the College. It meets in mid-year session in 
February for the purpose of transacting business and laying plans 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 29 

for the assistance of the College by the Alumni. Its annual bus- 
iness meeting is held on the afternoon of Tuesday of each com- 
mencement. 

The Association raised part of the money to pay for the 
Alumni Building named in its honor. The Class of 1913 has the 
distinction of launching this movement. 

Every ten years a special Alumni Bulletin is printed, giving 
a complete list of the Elon Alumni. 

The Elon Music Club. — This Club, made up of students, 
seeks to advance all things musical. 

Elon Singers. — This is a mixed chorus of students, organized 
for two purposes. As the College Choir, it regularly furnishes the 
music for the Sunday morning services of the Elon College Com- 
munity Church. As the Elon Singers, it presents concerts, both 
sacred and secular, in various communities in this and nearby 
states. A number of trips are taken annually. Its membership 
is open to the entire student body. 

College Band. — This student organization, under the direc- 
tion of Landon Walker, furnishes music for football and basket- 
ball games and other college functions. Training is offered to 
those students who own or can play band instruments. 

College Orchestra. — The orchestra has been recently re- 
organized under the leadership of Landon Walker. It is expected 
to take an increasingly active part in college affairs. 

The Playmakers of Elon College. — The work in dramatics, 
the practical application of the principles of this department, is 
provided through the Playmakers of Elon College. Through this 
organization, students, from time to time, take part in staging 
original and other plays. The Playmakers of Elon College are 
members of the Carolina Dramatic Association, and take part in 
all of its activities. , , , S _ , ; 

Social Clubs. — Social clubs for both sexes are permitted by 
the Faculty. The conditions under which they are recognized and 
the regulations by which they are governed are set forth in the 
Hand Book. The clubs that are recognized are as follows: 

For Men. — Kappa Si Nu; Iota Tau Kappa; Sigma Phi Beta; 
Alpha Pi Delta. 

For Women. — Delta Upsilon Kappa; Tau Zeta Phi. 



30 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

Honor Societies. — In 1929 the Alpha Chapter of Pi Gamma 
Mu, the national social science honor society, in North Caro- 
lina, was installed at Elon College. The purpose of this organiza- 
tion is to give recognition to those students, alumni or faculty- 
members who have attained distinction in the social sciences. 
Elections are held each spring, at which time seniors and others 
who are eligible are received into the membership of the society. 

In the fall of 1932, Elon College secured a chapter of the 
national honorary dramatic fraternity, Delta Psi Omega, thus in- 
suring not only local, but national recognition and contacts for 
those whose work in dramatics merits distinction. 

The Elon College Bulletin. — The College Bulletin, issued not 
less than four times the year, is for free distribution. The Feb- 
ruary number is the College Catalogue. These bulletins give in- 
formation concerning the College and contain announcements of 
its plans and achievements that are of public interest and general 
concern. The catalogue and bulletins are sent on request. 

The Hand Book. — The Hand Book is issued annually and con- 
tains indispensable information for students. It is the basis for 
the internal government of the College. Each student is furnish- 
ed with a copy upon registration, and each freshman is required 
to pass an examination on its contents during Orientation Period. 

The PhiPsiCli.— The PhiPsiCli is the College Annual, edited 
under the supervision of the Faculty by the Senior Class. It is 
throughly imbued with the Elon Spirit and takes its rank among 
the best of such college media of thought and life. This annual, 
first brought out in 1913, has become an annual publication. 

The Maroon and Gold. — This is the student weekly publica- 
tion. The officers and directors are elected by the Junior Class, 
though the class is not restricted to its own membership in mak- 
ing selections. 



Lectures and Public Exercises. 



The Summerbell Lectures. — Dr. Martyn Summerbell, Lake- 
mont, N. Y., is non-resident Professor of Church History and 
Biblical Literature in the College; and each year, when his health 
permits, he delivers a course of three or more lectures in his de- 
partment. 

The Mission Lectures. — Dr. J. O. Atkinson, who was a mem- 
ber of the original Faculty of the College, a former College 
Pastor, now Mission Secretary of the Southern Convention of 
Congregational-Christian Churches, each year gives a course of 
lectures on Christian Missions. 

Vesper Recitals. — At least once a month Vesper Recitals are 
presented under the auspices of the Department of Music. These 
programs are presented by visiting artists, members of our own 
music faculty, and advanced students in the Department of Mu- 
sic on Sunday afternoons during the college year. 

Expression Recitals. — The Department of Expression gives 
two public reeitals during the College year. It also presents plays 
from time to time. 

Art Exhibit. — The Art Department gives an annual exhibit 
of its pupils' work during the commencement season. The ex- 
hibit takes place in the Art Studio of the Alamance Building. 

Public Receptions. — The Faculty gives a public reception to 
the students on Saturday after the College opens in September. 
This is a formal reception. 

Inter-Collegiate Debates. — Inter-collegiate debates, for which 
the speakers are chosen in competitive public contests, are, from 
time to time, arranged for with other colleges. All public debates 
of every character are under the control of the Faculty Com- 
mittee on Debates. The College is a member of the North Caro- 
lina Inter-Collegiate Debating Association. 

Inter-Collegiate Peace Contest. — Annually, Elon partici- 
pates in the North Carolina Inter-Collegiate Peace Contests, for 
both men and women. 



32 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue' Number. 

Smith Orator's Medal. — An appropriate and beautifully de- 
signed medal is given annually to that matriculated student of 
Elon College who, in the judgment of competent judges, delivers 
the best original oration in contest for the medal. The medal is 
given by President L. E. Smith. 

Entertainments. — All public entertainments and exercises 
given on the campus are under strict supervision of the faculty. 
The expense of these entertainments may be provided for either 
by the sale of tickets or free-will offerings, as the faculty may 
approve. It is the plan of the College to arrange for a lyceum 
course that will bring exceptional talent to the College for the 
benefit of faculty and students alike. Season tickets may be pur- 
chased for the entire course. 

Banquets. — President and Mrs. L. E. Smith give an annual 
banquet to the Senior Class in the Y. W. C. A. Social Hall, in 
April. 

Each of the social clubs gives an annual banquet; and at ap- 
pointed times, the sophomores entertain the freshmen, the fresh- 
men entertain the sophomores, the seniors entertain the juniors, 
and the juniors entertain the seniors with formal dinners served 
in the dining hall. 

Teas. — President and Mrs. L. E. Smith give a garden party 
to the Senior Class, Faculty members, Alumni, and visitors on 
the afternoon of Monday of each commencement. 

Weekly teas are held in the social and recreational room of 
West Dormitory at 5:00 P. M. on Wednesday. Faculty and 
students mingle freely on these occasions. 

Commencement. — The annual commencement is the most 
important public exercise of the year. It always begins on Sat- 
urday before the fourth Sunday in May. For the roster of events 
entering into this important event, see the College Calendar on 
page 5. 



College Athletics. 



It is the aim of the College to encourage participation in 
athletics on the part of all students rather than on the part of 
the few, as it is believed that in well-regulated athletics is found, 
for the great majority of College men, the best solution of the 
problem of national and effectual physical training. There is no 
athletic fee, and all may take part. The choosing of varsity teams 
is a matter of merit, and any one may make application to the 
Coach and try for any team to represent the College. 

Provision is made for football, basketball, baseball, track 
and tennis, under the supervision of the College Coach, Director 
of Physical Training for Men, and Graduate Manager, but these 
sports take the place of the regular physical training work only 
during the season of a sport. 

Elon is a member of the North Carolina Intercollegiate Ath- 
letic Conference and the North State Intercollegiate Athletic As- 
sociation. 

Elon allows inter-collegiate athletics on the part of its young 
men, subject to the following regulations, which govern all such 
contests : 

REGULATIONS GOVERNING INTER-COLLEGIATE ATHLETICS. 

1. Inter-collegiate games are allowed under Faculty supervision. 

2. The Athletic Council is not permitted to make debts which it is 
not prepared to pay, and all of its finances are to be transacted through 
the Business Manager's office. All gate receipts and money for sale of sea- 
son tickets shall be received directly by the Graduate Manager or the Bus- 
iness Manager's Assistant. 

3. No student is eligible to play in any inter-collegiate game during 
any semester unless he was a registered student before October 1st of the 
fall semester, and before February 1st of the spring semester, and was taking 
full work, which means as many as twelve hours of literary work, or its equiv- 
alent, and passing at least nine hours of work. An advanced student not 
registered in the fall may play in the spring, provided he has in a previous 
year satisfactorily completed a semester's work. 

4. No student can represent the College in any athletic event who has 
not conducted himself in an exemplary manner throughout the entire Col- 
lege year, the Faculty judging in each instance. 



34 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

5. A Faculty representative shall accompany the team on a trip, at 
which times the same College regulations, as to student deportment, are in 
force as at the College. 

6. The Athletic Varsity "E" shall be awarded at the close of each 
inter-collegiate athletic season by the Athletic Council, on the recommen- 
dation of the Coach, to the members of the inter-collegiate team who have 
fulfilled the requirements. The award shall include athletic ability, schol- 
arship, and deportment, the Athletic Council judging. The Athletic Council 
reserves the right to withhold awards in the case of first year men on any 
team until after the close of the semester in which they participate. 

7. In the event that the winner of the varsity insignia shall allow a lady 
Btudent or faculty member to wear his insignia, he forfeits the right to wear 
any insignia during such time. The Athletic Council may at any time 
withdraw the right to wear the letter for conduct, in their judgment, merit- 
ing such penalty. 

8. A student shall be allowed to add a service stripe to the varsity "E" 
for each additional year of the same sport on the same conditions as stated 
in rule No. 6. 

9. The arrangement for all inter-collegiate games shall be under the 
management of a committee of the Faculty, known as the Athletic Council. 
The transactions of this committee shall be subject to the approval of the 
President, and the Graduate Manager's signature shall be necessary before 
any contract for games is binding on the Athletic Council. 

10. The captain of the next year's team is elected at the conclusion of 
the season of each sport by his teammates, the Coach acting as chairman. 



Degrees, Honors, Etc. 



Collegiate Degrees. — The College confers the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts upon those who complete the requirements for 
graduation. 

Honorary Degrees. — The College confers the honorary de- 
grees of Doctor of Literature, Doctor of Divinity, and Doctor of 
Laws. These honors are, however, seldom conferred, and then 
only upon those who deserve them and will reflect credit upon 
the degrees. In no event will the College confer more than three 
such degrees at one commencement. All who receive such de- 
grees are required to be present when the degree is conferred. The 
degrees are formally conferred. The names of all persons receiv- 
ing such degrees from Elon are published in the Alumni Number 
of the College Bulletin, issued once in ten years. 

Certificates. — Departmental Certificates will be given those 
who have completed the course in Music, Art, Expression, or 
Physical Training, provided that each student shall have com- 
pleted fifteen units of literary work as required for entrance to 
the College, and have completed the requirements for a major in 
some one of the College departments, with an average of at least 
C for the work done both in the special department and the 
college departments. In lieu of a major, the candidate may offer 
fifteen year hours of Freshman literary work. A certificate may 
be secured in the Commercial Department upon the completion 
of a one year's course as outlined by that department. No certifi- 
cate is given in the literary departments of the College. 

Diplomas. — Departmental diplomas will be granted to those 
who complete four years of such work in a single department, 
averaging C and in addition two literary department majors, or 
sixty semester hours of Freshman and Sophomore literary work. 

Term Graduation Papers. — A term paper in the field of his 
major or in a department in which he has as many as 18 semester 
hours of work, must be prepared by each candidate for a degree. 
The details of this requirement are given in the Hand Book. 

Honors. — Students who have completed the 120 semester 
hours with 360 quality credits will receive the distinction Summa 



36 Bulletin of Elan College — Catalogue Number. 

Cum Laude; 300 quality credits, Magna Cum Laude, and 240 
quality credits, Cum Laude. 

The honor of being valedictorian of his class goes to that 
member of the graduating class who has, during the four years 
of his college course, taken at Elon, made the highest average 
grade in literary work. 

The honor of being salutatorian of his class goes to that 
member of the graduating class who has, during the four years 
of his college course taken at Elon, made the next highest aver- 
age grade in literary work. 

Quality Points. — Beginning with the fall semester of 1934-35, 
the quality point system was inaugurated. 120 quality points 
will be required for graduation in addition to the 120 semester 
hours of literary credits as heretofore required. 

In the quality point system, when a student attains a grade 
of A he may receive 3 quality points for each semester hour. 
On such a grade which enables the student to receive a credit of 
3 semester hours, that student will obtain 9 quality points to- 
ward graduation. 

The schedule of quality points is as follows : 

A — 3 quality points for each semester hour. 
B — 2 quality points for each semester hour. 
C — 1 quality point for each semester hour. 

Reading for Honors. — The purpose of the plan of reading 
for honors is to encourage those students who have the ability 
and ambition to study independently to go beyond the minimum 
standards of the regular courses. The plan provides for the best 
students a program of training which, alike by its freedom and 
severity, will develop them to the utmost. To this end, the 
Faculty will admit from each rising Senior class a limited number 
of students for the Degree with Honors. The candidate must 
have maintained an average of A — during his three years in col- 
lege. At the discretion of the professor in whose field he is read- 
ing, the candidate may be allowed a certain liberty in class at- 
tendance and in the taking of examinations. His reading in his 
major field will be directed by his major professor; in addition, 
reading of a general cultural nature will be assigned by the Hon- 






Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 37 

ors Committee. Frequent conferences on the reading will be held 
with the major professor. The candidate must take a general 
final examination in his major field before a committee made up 
of his major and minor professors, the Dean, and two others ap- 
pointed by the President, of whom one must be from another 
institution. The candidate must present a thesis which shows 
his ability to assemble and interpret study materials. 



Scholarships, Loan Funds 
and Medals. 



Tuition Scholarships and Self- Help Positions.— The President 
and the Scholarship Committee of the Faculty award all schol- 
arships and self-help positions. No scholarship will be awarded 
to a high school graduate whose average has been less than "C", 
and all scholarships are awarded on the condition that the student 
will average not less than "C" on his college work. Self-help 
positions are awarded on the same basis, with occasional excep- 
tions. Applications for awards should be in the hands of the 
Scholarship Committee before July 1st. The attention of the ap- 
plicant is called to the section on "Work and Scholarship Cred- 
its," contained on page 52 of this catalogue. 

Alumni Scholarship. — The Alumni Association, in session on 
June 1, 1909, established a scholarship in Elon College. This 
scholarship is awarded in the literary department, and is of the 
value of $75.00 a year. 

Elon High School Scholarships. — The Board of Trustees offer 
scholarships to one graduate of any high school of which an Elon 
graduate is principal or superintendent, or a teacher in high school 
work. Said scholarship is good for one year, and covers tuition 
in the literary branches. The candidate is to be satisfactorily 
recommended by the principal or superintendent and approved 
by the Faculty Committee on Scholarships. The number of such 
scholarships is limited to ten. 

Public High School Scholarships. — The Board of Trustees 
offer ten free tuition scholarships upon the recommendation of 
the principal or superintendent of approved high schools, subject 
to the approval of the Faculty Committee on Scholarships. 

Ministerial Students and Minor Children of Ministers. — 

Ministerial students and minor children of ministers who live at 
the college are granted scholarships to cover their regular tuition 
($75.00). Day students taking the ministerial course, and minor 
children of ministers who are day students will pay one-half of 
the regular tuition charge. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 39 

The J. J. Summerbell Scholarship. — In consideration of a 
bequest of $1,000 for that purpose, left the College by the late 
Dr. J. J. Summerbell, the President of the College each year will 
award a $60.00 tuition scholarship, in either the College or one 
of the special departments, good for the succeeding year, to that 
member of either the Freshman, Sophomore, or Junior class, who 
shall write the best thesis on "The First Commandment and the 
Unity of God." The same is to be adjudged by a committee of 
the Faculty. Theses in this competition are to be typewritten 
and in the President's hands, the name of the writer accompany- 
ing in a sealed envelope, not later than May 1st. 

The Barrett Scholarship. — In memory of Dr. J. Pressley Bar- 
rett, an original trustee of the College, the trustees have founded 
the Barrett Scholarship, to be awarded some worthy Freshman. 

The Long Scholarship. — In remembrance of Dr. W. S. Long, 
founder and first president, a free tuition scholarship is awarded 
each year to some worthy member of the Freshman class. 

The Staley Scholarship. — In memory of Dr. W. W. Staley, 
second president, a free tuition scholarship is awarded annually to 
some member of the Freshman class. 

The Moffitt Scholarship.— Dr. E. L. Moffitt, third president, 
awards annually a free tuition scholarship to some member of the 
Freshman class. 

The Martyn Summerbell Scholarship. — Dr. Martyn Summer- 
bell of Lakemont, N. Y., each year awards a scholarship to some 
worthy member of the Freshman class. 

The Bowling Fund.— Dr. E. H. Bowling, Durham, N. C, 
has created a fund to be used in the education of deserving stud- 
ents, preferably candidates for the ministry. Those who are ac- 
cepted as beneficiaries of this fund will receive $60 per year to be 
applied to their account with the College. They will give an 
interest-bearing note at 6 per cent for the same, with acceptable 
security, and will begin to pay the money back, at least one note 
a year, immediately after graduation. The title of this fund will 
remain in the College, but it is to be perpetually used for the 
purpose indicated. Awards of funds are made by the President. 



40 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

The Amick Fund. — Dr. T. C. Amick, formerly of the College 
Faculty, has created a fund to be loaned to deserving students at 
6 per cent interest. The President lends this fund on proper secur- 
ity. 

The Clarke Fund.— Dr. J. A. Clarke of the CoUege Faculty 
has created a loan fund for deserving students. The Business 
manager lends this at 6 per cent interest on proper security. 

Ministerial Loan Fund. — The treasurer of the College is the 
custodian for the loan fund of $13,031.49 of the Southern Con- 
vention of Congregational-Christian Churches. It is loaned to 
ministerial students upon the recommendation of a committee 
appointed by the Convention. 

The Eastern Virginia Conference Ministerial Fund. — By an 

agreement with the authorities of the College, whereby the East- 
ern Virginia Conference relinquished certain bonds owned by it, 
there is provided a special fund for ministerial stueents from that 
conference. The value of this fund is $180 per year, but it is pro- 
vided that no one student shall receive over $100 in any one year. 
If there are two or more ministerial students from that confer- 
ence, the $180 is to be equally divided. It is further provided 
that if there are no students who qualify, the fund is not cumu- 
lative. 

The Masonic Fund. — The Grand Lodge of North Carolina 
has given the College $2,500 to be loaned to seniors in College, 
on acceptable security. 

The Knights Templar Educational Loan Fund. — Under the 
rules of the Grand Commandary, students in Elon College may 
secure loans from this fund. 

The McLeod Fund.— The family of the late Prof. M. A. 
McLeod have established a fund of $2,500, the interest on which 
is to be loaned to worthy students on proper security. 

The John M. W. Hicks Loan Fund.— Mr. John M. W. Hicks 

of Raleigh, N. C, and of New York City, has established this 
fund for needy students. The initial amount of the fund was 
$175. The donor hopes that it may be materially increased. It 
is to assist members of the Junior and Senior Classes. 



Endowment and Sources of Income, 



Tuition and Fees. — The income from tuition in the literary 
and special departments constitutes a chief and growing source 
of revenue for the support of the College. The income from fees, 
matriculation and departmental, is used to pay the incidental 
expenses of the College and of the departments. Besides these 
sources of income and gifts from friends from time to time on 
current expenses, the College has the following sources of reve- 
nue: 

The O. J. Wait Fund. — This fund was a bequest from Rev. 
0. J. Wait, D. D., of Fall River, Mass., the amount, one thousand 
dollars, being the first bequest that came to the College. 

The Francis Asbury Palmer Fund. — Of this fund twenty 
thousand dollars was given by Mr. Francis Asbury Palmer, of 
New York, before his death. The remaining ten thousand dol- 
lars having been provided for in his will, became available soon 
after his death. 

The Patrick Henry Lee Fund. — This fund of one thousand 
dollars is a bequest from Capt. P. H. Lee, of Holland, Va. 

The J. J. Summerbell Fund. — Dr. J. J. Summerbell, Dayton, 
Ohio, from its foundation the staunch friend and loyal supporter 
of the College, departed life February 28, 1913, and left a bequest 
of $1,500 to Elon. 

The Jesse Winbourne Fund. — This fund, a bequest from 
Deacon Jesse Winbourne of Elon College, N. C, amounting to 
$5,000, became available in January, 1923. It is a part of the 
permanent endowment funds of the College. 

The Southern Convention Fund. — The Southern Convention 
of Congregational-Christian Churches asks the conferences com- 
posing the convention for $12,750 annually for the support of the 
College. This is called the Elon College Fund. 

This fund is the equivalent of an invested endowment of 
$212,500 at 6 per cent. By vote of the Southern Christian Con- 



42 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

vention in May, 1918, a note was given the College for $112,500 
and later $100,000 in 6 per cent bonds, as evidences of this ob- 
ligation. 

The Carlton Fund.— The family of the late J. W. Carlton 
of Richmond, Va., P. J. Carlton, H. A. Carlton, Luther Carlton, 
and Mrs. T. S. Parrott, gave the College for its permanent funds, 
certain R. F. and P. Railway stocks, to found a Professorship in 
Christian Literature and Methods in memory of Mrs. J. W. Carl- 
ton. Upon his death, in May, 1935, Mr. P. J. Carlton left a 
bequest adding $25,000 to the endowment of the College. 

The Corwith Fund. — W. F. Corwith, a former trustee, has 
given the College for its permanent funds $35,000 to found a 
Professorship in Biblical Languages and Literature, in memory 
of Mrs. W. F. Corwith. 

The J. W. Wellons Fund. — Dr. J. W. Wellons, several years 
before his death, bought two annuity bonds of the College in the 
sum of $1,500. By the terms of the bonds, at his decease they 
were cancelled and the principal became a part of the general 
endowment of the college. Dr. Wellons desired that the Church 
would supplement his gift till an endowment of $300,000 should 
be provided for the School of Christian Education. 

Other Invested Funds. — Other gifts to the permanent Endow- 
ment Fund are: One of twenty-five dollars from the late Rev. J. 
J. Summerbell, D. D., of Dayton, Ohio; one of $283,35, from the 
estate of the late Jos. A. Foster of Semora, N. C; one of $50 by 
Miss Mamie Tate, as a student loan fund; and one of $100 to 
be kept at interest for a term of years, left by the late Rev. S. B. 
Klapp. 

The Francis Asbury Palmer Board Donations. — The late 
Francis Asbury Palmer, who endowed the College, left his estate 
to a Board to administer it in furthering education. This Board 
at one time made a considerable donation in cash for current ex- 
penses. It provides for the transportation expenses of the non- 
resident lectureship of Dr. Martyn Summerbell. 

The Standardization Fund. — During the spring of 1919, a 
campaign was put on to raise additional endowment. This was 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 43 

known as the Standardization Fund. There was raised $381,600, 
in cash and subscriptions. 

Forms of Bequest. — A number of friends have made pro- 
vision for the College in the disposition of their property after 
their decease. We appreciate this generous action on their part 
and commend it to the liberal-hearted of our friends, for whose 
convenience we append herewith three forms of bequests: 

FIRST FORM: 
I give and bequeath to The Board of Trustees of Elon College the sum 

of Dollars, to be applied at 

their discretion, for the general purposes of the College. 

SECOND FORM: 

I give and bequeath to The Board of Trustees of Elon College the sum 
of Dollars, to be safely in- 
vested by them and called the. Scholarship 

Fund. The interest of this fund shall be applied at their discretion to aid 
deserving students. 

THIRD FORM: 

I give and bequeath to The Board of Trustees of Elon College the sum 
of Dollars, to be safely invest- 
ed by them as an endowment for the support of the College. 

Annuity Bonds. — Those desiring a stable income on funds 
that they intend to leave the College in their wills, can secure the 
same by placing such funds with the College treasurer and re- 
ceiving an annuity bond as follows: 

ANNUITY BOND: 
The Board of Trustees of Elon College. 

Elon College, N. C, 19. . . 

Whereas, of has donated 

and paid to The Board of Trustees of Elon College, a corporation established 
under a charter from the State of North Carolina, its principal office being 

located at Elon College, in said State, the sum of Dollars, 

said sum becoming by said gift the absolute property of said Board of Trus- 
tees of Elon College, the whole amount to go direct to said College and ever 
be administered for its advancement by said Board of Trustees: Now, there- 
fore, in consideration thereof, the said Board of Trustees agree to pay the 

said the interest on the same at 6 per 

cent, payable semi-annually, during natural life. 

As the above interest provision is made for the sole benefit of the said 
during natural life, it is declared to be the 



44 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

intention of the parties subscribed hereto that no obligation whatever is, or 
shall be considered hereby to have been assumed by the said Board of Trus- 
tees, to the heirs, executors, administrators, or assigns of said 

for any interest after natural life shall have term- 
inated. 

THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF ELON COLLEGE, 

By President (Seal) 

Witness: Treasurer of Elon College. 

So far five annuity bonds have been taken: two by the late 
Dr. J. W. Wellons, in the sum of $1,500; one by Trustee A. B. 
Farmer, in the sum of $1,000; one by Mrs. J. P. Avent, also in 
the amount of $1,000; and a fifth by Mrs. Esther Jenkins, in the 
sum of $3,000. Generous-hearted friends, desiring a safe invest- 
ment of their funds and a sure means of perpetuating their mem- 
ory to generations yet unborn, may avail themselves of this in- 
viting privilege. 

Insurance Policies. — Friends may make the College their 
beneficiary in one or more insurance policies. Details of this 
plan will be gladly furnished. 



General Regulations. 

Registration. — Each student goes to the Dean of the Col- 
lege for a conference and assignment to a faculty adviser, who 
arranges a course for the student. Before entering any depart- 
ment, the student pays the registration fee of $25.00, and his 
other expenses, and receives from the Business Manager a regis- 
tration card admitting him to the departments of the College. 
The registration fee of $25.00 is payable at the beginning of the 
Fall and Spring Semesters, and no student is allowed any privi- 
lege of the College until these fees are paid. 

Every student is required to register within twenty-four hours 
after his arrival, and not later than 5:30 P. M. of the registration 
days in the fall and after the Christmas holidays. The cost for 
late registration will be one dollar for each day after the date set 
for registration. 

Freshman Orientation Period. — The Freshman Orientation 
Period is for the purpose of introducing the student to his new 
environment. It is an endeavor to acquaint the student with the 
policies and ideals of the College. By the methods of receptions, 
assemblies, lectures and open forums, a close fellowship is estab- 
lished, and the student obtains a better idea as to the best method 
to start his College course. 

Schedule of Studies. — All students are expected to carry fif- 
teen hours of college work per week, this amount being considered 
the normal student load. No student may take less than twelve 
hours, or more than sixteen hours, without special permission 
from the Dean, and in accordance with the handbook regulations 
for extra work. In making up the number of hours required, no 
departmental course can count for more than two hours, and no 
credit is given for physical training in making up the 120 semester 
hours required for graduation. 

Change of Course. — Registration is for an entire course, and 
a course once begun must be continued unless for very important 
reason. Continuous elementary subjects must be pursued for a 
year in order to be credited toward a degree. Changing a course 
after registration is generally unnecessary and is to be discour- 
aged. Such change may be made only with the permission of the 



46 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

Dean. No new course may be entered after September 30th, in 
the Fall Semester, or February 5th, in the Spring Semester. Any 
course dropped after those dates will draw an automatic grade of 
F. A charge of $1.00 is made for changing a course. 

Absences. — Absences are counted from the first meeting of 
the class in the semester. Those who enter late are to be reported 
as absent from the previous meetings of the class. Not more 
than three unexeused absences from a class during a semester 
are permitted, without loss of credit. Necessarily additional 
absences without penalty are allowed students who must be 
absent in order to represent the College as members of athletic 
teams or other recognized organizations, provided that the total 
absences must be made up as early as practicable each semester, 
by the permission of the deans and at the convenience of the fac- 
ulty member concerned. For each two additional absences or 
any fractional part of two absences not allowed as specified above, 
one quality point will be deducted from the quality points earned 
during the semester. 

A student who fails to get permission to drop a course re- 
ceives F on the course. No student will be permitted a re-ex- 
amination who has received an F on the course. 

Attendance at chapel, church and Sunday School is required. 
Not more than ten per cent of the sessions in any one semester 
may be excused by the deans. For each two unexeused absences 
or fractional part thereof in addition there will be a reduction of 
one quality point from the total earned. 

Semester Examinations. — Semester examinations are given 
in January and May. An average of D on each subject, includ- 
ing term standing and examination, is required for credit. All 
students making a grade of E on a continuous subject may be 
conditioned. A grade of C will be required during the following 
semester to remove the condition without a re-examination. No 
conditions may be granted at the spring semester examinations. 

Students who fail to attend regular tests or examinations, 
or who fail to hand in papers, are regarded as handing in blank 
papers, unless they have been previously excused from examina- 
tion. Excuses from tests and examinations are granted only in case 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 47 

of absolute necessity. Such an excuse, to be valid, must be ob- 
tained from the Dean on or before the day of test or examination, 
and communicated officially on the day to the professor holding 
the test or examination. Students engaged in work as a means of 
earning their way through college cannot offer such work, when 
conflicting, as an excuse from examination at the regular sched- 
uled time. 

Special Examinations. — A student wishing a special exam- 
ination must obtain a permit from the Dean before the date of 
the special examination. A student who has been excused from 
an examination, or who has made an E on a subject, may have 
opportunity to make good his deficiency without taking the sub- 
ject over, provided the deficiency be removed within one college 
year from the time it was incurred. 

A charge of $1.00 for each test or examination taken out of 
the regular time will be made, except in cases where students have 
been excused from taking the regular test or examination at the 
regular examination period. 

Senior Deficiencies. — Senior deficiencies may be made up 
either at a special examination arranged by the Dean and the in- 
structor, or at the regular examination at the close of the fall 
semester. All senior conditions must be made up not later than 
March 1st, in order for the student to become a candidate for a 
degree at the following commencement. 

Grade Reports. — Grade reports are sent at the middle and 
the close of each semester to parents or guardians. These reports 
show the standing, deportment, and absences from recitation and 
religious services. 

The Nine Hour Rule. — A student failing to pass nine hours 
of the work pursued may not return for the next semester. 
This does not apply to foreign students in the first year of their 
residence here, nor to specially admitted students, if recommend- 
ed by the Faculty Committee on Admission and Credits; and in 
the case of freshmen students three hours of the nine may be a 
conditional grade 

Senior Essay Requirement. — In addition to the 120 semester 
hours of work as outlined elsewhere in this bulletin, each senior 



48 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

is required to write an essay that is to be directed by the head 
of the department in which the student is majoring, or someone 
in that department to be appointed by the head. The professor 
who directs the paper will serve as chairman of a reading com- 
mittee of three to pass on the paper after it has been submitted 
in final form. The other two members will be appointed by the 
Dean in collaboration with the chairman. The professor who 
directs the paper is to turn in the subject of the essay to the 
Dean by November 15th. The first draft of the essay is to be 
submitted to the professor who is directing the work on or before 
March 1st. Three typewritten copies of the paper are to be 
submitted to the reading committee on or before April 15th. The 
student will be examined orally on the essay by the committee 
which reads his work. This examination is not to exceed one 
hour. 



College Expenses. 



Regular Expenses for the Year. — The expenses at Elon Col- 
lege have been materially reduced, so that a student may spend 
a year in college for as little as $344 to $405. 

The detailed expenses for the college year of nine months are 
as follows: 

Registration fee $ 60 . 00 

Student Activities fee. 15 . 00 

Tuition 75.00 

Total for day students $ 150.00 

Room rent $ 50.00 to $ 75.00 

Board 144.00 to 180.00 

Total for boarding students $ 344.00 to $ 405.00 

Special Courses and Fees. — The following tuition and fees 
for special courses apply only to those students taking these 
items: 

Extra literary course (above five courses) $ 25 . 00 

Laboratory fee (for science and other courses requiring it). 10.00 

Piano and Organ (Mr. Moore) 60.00 

Piano, Organ, Voice, Violin (Mr. Steere, Miss Chamblee, 

Miss Webb) 75 .00 

Practice fee for pipe organ 32 .00 

Expression 50 .00 

Fine Arts 80.00 

Typewriting 30 .00 

Any Commercial Subject 30.00 

Practice Teaching fee 15 . 00 

Graduation fee (Seniors) 10 .00 

Commercial and Secretarial Courses. — When the full com- 
mercial or secretarial course is taken, which includes Bookkeep- 
ing, Shorthand, Typewriting, Business Arithmetic, Penmanship, 
Filing, Office Methods, and Business English, the cost is the 
same as the regular college course as outlined above. 

Figuring Expenses. — All students taking a regular course 
pay the first three items, amounting to $150, listed above under 
the regular expenses. Add to this the price of the room rent for 
the dormitory selected in accordance with the prices set forth 
under the heading "Room Rent," and add either $180 for meals 



50 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

at the College Dining Hall, or $144 for meals at the Club Dining 
Hall. The majority of the freshmen take a science or other 
course requiring a laboratory fee. This adds $10 a year to the 
total cost. Therefore, a student rooming in the West Dormitory, 
front room, Ladies Hall, or the Publishing House Building; tak- 
ing meals at the Club Dining Hall, and having one laboratory 
course, would pay $354. The same with meals at the College 
Dining Hall would figure $390. The same course with room in 
the East Dormitory and meals at the College Dining Hall would 
be $415. 

The courses in Music Theory, such as Harmony, Public 
School Music, History of Music, etc., are included in the regular 
tuition charge if they are taken as a part of the five subjects 
regularly carried, but there is an extra charge of $75 per year 
for voice or violin, and $60.00 and $75 for organ and piano, with 
Prof. Moore and Prof. Steere, respectively. 

Date of Payments. — The college year is divided into two 
semesters, the first beginning on September 1st, and the second 
beginning on January 20th. Two plans of payment of the col- 
lege expenses are offered the student and parents. First, payment 
of the tuition, room rent, and fees in half-yearly payments at 
the beginning of each semester, and the board in monthly pay- 
ments on the dates as listed under the "Boarding Department" 
below. Second, the monthly payment plan, with the exception 
of fees which must be paid at the beginning of each semester, 
taking the remainder of the expenses for the year and dividing 
it into nine equal payments, the first payment falling due at 
the opening of school in the fall, and a payment the first of each 
month thereafter through May. 

Room Rent. — The price of room rent per student in the col- 
lege dormitories is as follows: 

Alumni Building $50.00 

West Dormitory (front rooms) 60.00 

West Dormitory (other rooms) 50.00 

East Dormitory 75 . 00 

Ladies' Hall 60.00 

Publishing House Building 60 . 00 

NOTE. — Students occupying corner rooms pay $2.50 per semester extra 
in all buildings. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 51 

Two students occupy a room together. Double beds are fur- 
nished in the West Dormitory and the Ladies' Hall, and single 
beds are furnished in the Publishing House Building, Alumni 
Building and East Dormitory. The room rental includes current 
for a 75-watt lamp or its equivalent, for each room. A charge 
of $1.25 per semester is made to cover the extra current used 
when a radio is operated in a dormitory room. The college re- 
serves the right to change rooms or a room-mate of any student 
at any time, but no student is allowed to change rooms without 
permission from the business office. 

Boarding Department — For the convenience of students and 
parents, board payments have been divided into installments, 
payable on the following dates for the 1936-37 session: 

College Club 
Dining Hall Dining Hall 

September lst-3rd $ 20.00 $ 16.00 

October 1st 20.00 16.00 

October 29th 20.00 16.00 

November 27th 15.00 12.00 

January 4th 15.00 12.00 

January 20th 20.00 16.00 

February 17th 20.00 16.00 

March 17th 10.00 8.00 

April 2nd 20.00 16.00 

May 1st 20.00 16.00 

Totals $180.00 $144.00 

The board payments are based on a four-weeks period for a 
full payment, and not on the calendar month. 

Only a limited number of students can be accommodated in 
the Club Dining Hall, and placement of students there is made 
only on reservation. Students are not allowed to change board- 
ing places except at the end of the first board period in October, 
and at the beginning of the second semester. No deductions are 
made in the board charges for absence from meals for less than 
a two weeks' period. The price of board is subject to change 
without notice. 

Incidental and Miscellaneous Expenses. — Books are esti- 
mated to cost from $20.00 to $25.00 for the year, about $15.00 
of which will be needed at the fall term opening. 



52 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

A Laboratory Fee of $5.00 per semester is charged for the 
following courses: Chemistry, Home Economics, Physics, Biolo- 
gy, Accounting, and Secretarial Practice. 

A semester fee of $16.00 is charged for practice on the pipe 
organ. This includes one hour practice a day for the semester. 

An acceptance fee of $5.00 is paid by all students when they 
place their application for admission to the College. This fee is 
credited on the college expenses when the student registers. It 
is refundable up to August 15th for the first semester, and De- 
cember 15th for the second semester. The payment of this fee 
also reserves a room and boarding place for those living on the 
campus. 

A fee of $1.00 is charged for any special test or examination 
taken to make up a deficiency or remove a condition, or test or 
examination on a current course taken other than at the regular 
time. 

A $1.00 fee is charged for changing a course of study after 
the regular dates set for such changes. 

After the first transcript of credits, a fee of $1.00 will be 
charged for each additional transcript requested. 

Work and Scholarship Credits. — Credit for work done, or 
other student aid, applies toward tuition and room rent, and not 
toward the board or fees. 

Students who have regular jobs with the college take their 
meals at the College Dining Hall. Students who have either 
work or scholarship aid from the college are required to keep the 
remainder of their expenses paid up promptly in order to con- 
tinue such aid. 

Students who have as many as five unexcused absences in any 
one course during a semester, or students who have as many as 
five unexcused chapel and church cuts during a semester, will be 
automatically deprived of further college aid. 

Refunds. — Registration, student activities, and laboratory 
fees, are not refundable either in whole or in part. Proportional 
refunds or adjustment of accounts will be made on board, room, 
and tuition, at the end of the semester for any unused parts of 
these items, provided the period is not less than two weeks. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 53 

Financial Requirements. — Payments must be made prompt- 
ly. This is a fixed rule of the Board of Trustees, and the College 
officers are not permitted to make exceptions in favor of any 
person. 

No student will be allowed to graduate until his accounts 
with the College have been settled in full, and no student will be 
permitted to register who has not made satisfactory settlement 
of his account for the previous semester. 

In any case if the student desires credit on any course the 
full tuition charge must be paid. 

Transfer of credits to another institution will not be made 
until the student's account is paid in full, and the granting of 
certificates or academic credits of any nature are conditioned up- 
on satisfactory settlement of all bills. 

What to Bring with You. — All students should bring pillow, 
pillow slips, bed clothing, towels, bureau and table scarfs, etc. 
The men's dormitories are furnished with single beds. The wo- 
men's dormitories are furnished with double beds. 



Requirements for Admission. 



Students may be admitted to freshman standing as a candi- 
date for a Bachelor of Arts degree in Elon College, without exam- 
ination, on certificate of graduation from an accredited four-year 
high school course, with a total of at least fifteen units from the 
list of subjects accepted for admission as given below. A record 
of the high school work should be furnished the college by the 
high school principal, proper blank being furnished by the Reg- 
istrar of the college. 

Students who have graduated from non-accredited high 
schools, or who have attended an accredited high school for four 
years, and have fifteen units of credit, may be admitted upon 
successfully passing the college entrance examinations. These 
examinations will be given at the beginning of the school term in 
the fall. 

A limited number of students may be accepted for special 
work or departmental courses, not to exceed fifteen per cent of 
the college enrollment, but not as candidates for a degree. 

Subjects Accepted for Admission. — The following is the max- 
imum amount of credit accepted for the subjects listed: 

Units 

English 4 

Mathematics 4 

History 4 

Economics or Social Science 1 

Latin 4 

French .' 2 

German 2 

Spanish 2 

Science 4 

Bible 2 

Vocational subjects 3 

No credit in foreign language may be had until the student 
has completed a minimum of two years in at least one foreign 
language. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 55 

Prescribed Requirements. — Of the fifteen units required for 
admission ten are prescribed, as follows: 

Units. 

English 3 

Foreign language 2 

History 2 

Mathematics 2 

Science 1 

Students having high school graduation, but not meeting the 
prescribed requirements, may be admitted on condition, such 
condition to be worked off before the beginning of the sophomore 
year. Not more than two conditions can be allowed. 

Admission to Advanced Standing. — Applicants for advanced 
standing should present an official transcript of their work in 
other schools to the Registrar of Elon College. Full credit will be 
given for work in accredited institutions in so far as it parallels the 
work at Elon College and fits in with the degree requirements. 

Every candidate for a bachelor of arts degree must have at 
least one full college year in residence at Elon College. Students 
admitted to advanced standing are subject to all the entrance 
and graduation requirements of the college. 

Classification. — For admission to the sophomore class, a stu- 
dent must have removed all entrance conditions and have com- 
pleted not fewer than eighteen semester hours of freshman work 
toward a degree. 

For admission to the junior class, a student must have com- 
pleted not fewer than forty-eight semester hours of work for 
credit toward a degree. 

For admission to the senior class, a student must have com- 
pleted not fewer than eighty-four semester hours of work toward 
a degree. 

Classifications are made at the beginning of the school year 
in September, and no new classifications are made during the 
year. 



Course of Study. 



General Statement. — The Freshman Period is utilized to give 
each student proper educational guidance, following a careful 
study of his high school preparation. Professors are assigned as 
advisers for a minimum number of freshmen and are, throughout 
the year, at the service of their advisees. The Registrar, the 
Deans and the President are also at the service of the students 
at any time in solving their college problems. 

As soon as the student chooses his major, the professor at the 
head of that department immediately becomes his special adviser 
for all curriculum matters and must be consulted. 

The Deans in their respective Sunday School classes in the 
Freshman year offer courses especially designed to adjust fresh- 
men to college life. 

7. — Bachelor of Arts. 

At the beginning of the Junior year, each candidate for the 
Bachelor of Arts Degree must elect a major from the departments 
listed below in which majors are offered. More than one major 
may be elected. 

Religion 11-12 is the required course for each candidate for 
a degree. The course must be taken in either the Freshman or 
Sophomore year. If for any reason it is practically impossible for 
a student to so arrange his course that Religion 11-12 can be 
taken in the Freshman or Sophomore year, Religion 33-34 may 
be taken as an alternate in the Junior or Senior year. 

Those who desire to prepare to teach must satisfy certain 
technical requirements for certification, which should be discussed 
with the Dean and the Professor of Education at the beginning 
of each session. 

One hundred and twenty semester-credit hours must be com- 
pleted as a minimum for the degree of Bachelor of Arts, forty- 
eight hours of which must be taken on the Junior-Senior level. 

Social Science is to include: History, Religion, Education, 
Sociology, Philosophy, and Business Administration. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 57 

A student majoring in a Natural Science shall elect two other 
natural sciences as minors, beginning such minors not later than 
the Junior year. This same provision applies to students major- 
ing in a foreign language. 

Majors. 
The college offers majors, four courses only required, except 
as specified, as follows: 

Biology. 

Business Administration.* 

Chemistry. 

English. 

French. 

Greek. 

History. 

Mathematics. 

Music, 30 semester hours. 

Philosophy. 

Physics. 

Religion, t 

Science, 6 courses. % 

A major course will not be formed for fewer than three stu- 
dents, a minor for fewer than five. 

Minors. 
Any course in which a major is offered, if pursued for the 
first two years prescribed in the Departments of Instruction be- 
low, and in addition the following: 
Applied Mathematics. 
Domestic Art. 
Domestic Science. If 
Education. 
Geology. 
German. 
Social Science. 
In addition to the requirement of one major, as specified a 
bove, two minors totaling twenty-four semester hours, relating to 
the elected major, must be completed. 

*One majoring in Business Administration must minor in Social Science. 

tOne majoring in Religion should have at least two years in each of the 
following subjects: History, Sociology, Philosophy. Two years of Greek are 
also recommended. 

JThis must include Biology, Chemistry, Physics and Geography. 

^Domestic Science may be rated as a major, provided both Biology and 
Chemistry are pursued as minors. 



58 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

Further requirements are: (1) Twelve semester hours in Eng- 
lish; (2) Twelve semester hours in a foreign language; (3) Twelve 
semester hours in mathematics or two courses in a natural science ; 
and (4) Six semester hours in Bible, which should be Bible 11-12, 
and shall be taken during the Freshman or Sophomore years. 

A grade of C must be averaged on the major subject in order 
for the student to graduate. 

Six semester hours in American History and six semester 
hours in European History are advised. 

Students who plan to pursue graduate work leading to the 
degree of Doctor of Philosophy should take both French and 
German. 

Electives. 
Any course offered either as a major or as a minor, if not 
chosen as such, may be elected toward the degree. The following 
additional electives are provided: 
Art. 

Class Expression. 
Expression. 
Applied Music. 
NOTE. — Art, Expression, and Applied Music, count four semester hours 
each year regularly. They may be raised to six semester hours credit by 
special arrangement. Under no circumstances can more than twelve semester 
hours credit be allowed in Art, Expression and Applied Music for a degree. 

II — Two- Year Courses. 

Students desiring two-year courses may make their selection 
from the courses indicated below: 

Pre-Medical or Pre-Dental Course: 

Biology 11-12, 21-22, Chemistry 11-12, 21-22, Physics 11-12, English 
11-12, 21-22, Religion 11-12, and two elective subjects for the year. 

Pre-Law Course: 

English 11-12, 21-22, 35-36, History 11-12, 21-22, Religion 11-12. Other 
subjects elective. 

Pre-Engineering Course : 

Physics 11-12, 21-22, Mathematics 11-12, 13-14, 21-22, English 11-12, 
21-22, Spanish 11-12, 21-22, Chemistry 11-12. 

Non-Credit Courses. 
Each student is required each year to pursue the required 
work in Physical Training, but no semester hours credit is given 
toward the minimum requirements for a degree. 



Outline of Degree Courses. 



The following section is inserted for the purpose of giving a 
student an idea of the general character of the content of the 
course of study in the various departments of the College and 
at the same time leading to a particular profession: 

Religion. 

A proposed course of study for the student who contemplates 
entering the Christian ministry, social service, or lay work. 

FRESHMAN. SOPHOMORE. 
English 11-12 6 Religion 21-22 6 



♦Science 11-12 8 

History 11-12 6 

History 13-14 6 

Business Administration 11-12. . . 6 

32 
JUNIOR. 

Religion 31-32 6 

Religion 33-34 6 

Philosophy 31-32 6 

Sociology 31-32 6 

Greek 31-32 6 



*Science 8 

English 21-22 6 

Psychology 21-24 6 

Philosophy 21-22 _6 

32 
SENIOR. 

Religion 41-42 6 

Philosophy 33-Religion 44 6 

Sociology 41-42 6 

Greek 41-42 6 

Hymnology 51-52 4 



30 



28 



*Biology, Chemistry or Physics. 

Note. — Every ministerial student is strongly urged to attend 
a theological seminary after completing his college work. 

Four-Year History Major and Pre-Law Course. 



FRESHMAN. 

English 11-12 6 

History 11-12 6 

Religion 11-12 6 

Science or Mathematics 6 or 8 

Language 6 

32 
JUNIOR. 

English 35-36 6 

History 31-32 6 

Science or Mathematics 6 or 8 

Business Administration 33-34 ... 6 
Elective 6 

32 



SOPHOMORE 

English 21-22 6 

History 13-14 6 

Psychology 21-24 6 

Language 6 

Business Administration 11-12. . . 6 

30 
SENIOR. 

History 48 3 

English History 33 or 34 3 

English 33-34 6 

Electives ._18 

30 



60 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 



Pre-Medical or Pre-Dental Course. 

The following courses are suggested to the student contem- 
plating a Medical or Dental profession. The courses listed for 
the Freshman and Sophomore years include all the required 
courses for entrance to Medical School, and will fulfill the min- 
imum requirements of the Council on Education of the American 
Medical Association. For the student wishing to spend more 
than two years, courses have been suggested which will meet the 
requirements of Elon College for graduation, and will also give 
him a better preparation. 



FRESHMAN. 

Biology 11-12 8 

Chemistry 11-12 8 

English 11-12 6 

French 11-12, or German 11-12. . . 6 

Mathematics 11-12 6 

34 
JUNIOR. 

Biology 31-32 8 

Chemistry 31-32 8 

Physics 21 4 

Health and Hygiene 31-32, 33-34. 6 

Religion 33-34 6 

32 



SOPHOMORE. 

Biology 21-22 8 

Chemistry 21-22 8 

English 21-22 6 

French 21-22, or German 21-22. . . 6 

Physics 11-12 8 

36 
SENIOR. 

Biology 41-42 8 

Chemistry 41-42 8 

Psychology 21 3 

Sociology 31-32, or Philosophy. . . 6 

Economics 11-12 6 

31 



All courses in the Senior year except the major are optional 
and may be elected to suit the student's needs and desires. It 
would be advisable to major in one of the sciences. 

Four- Year Course Leading to the Profession of Civil Engineer. 



FRESHMAN. 

English 11-12 6 

Mathematics 11-12 6 

Chemistry 11-12 8 

Mathematics 13-14 6 

French or German 11-12 6 

32 
JUNIOR. 

Mathematics 31-32 6 

Physics 21-22 8 

Mathematics 51-52 6 

Elective 6 

Religion 13-14, or 33-34 6 

32 



SOPHOMORE. 

English 21-22 6 

Mathematics 21-22 6 

Physics 11-12 8 

Math. 23-24, or Bus. Adm. 11-12. 6 
French or German 21-22 6 

32 
SENIOR. 

Geology 11-12 8 

Mathematics 41-42 6 

Mathematics 31-32 6 

Physics 41-42 8 

Elective ^_6 

32 



Bulletin of Eton College — Catalogue Number. 61 

Four -Year Course for the Student Looking Forward 
to the Profession of Journalism. 

FRESHMAN YEAR. 

English 11-12 6 

Mathematics 11-12, or Science 11-12 6 or 

Latin 11-12, French 11-12, or German 11-12 6 

History 11-12 6 

Religion 11-12 6 



30 or 32 
SOPHOMORE YEAR. 

English 21-22 6 

Latin 21-22, French 21-22, or German 21-22 6 

Mathematics 21-22, or Science 21-22 6 or 8 

History 21-22 6 

Psychology 21 and 24, or 32 _6 

30 or 32 

JUNIOR YEAR. 

English 33-34, or 38-39 6 

Sociology 31-32 6 

Electives 18 

30 

SENIOR YEAR. 

English 61-62 6 

Philosophy 21-22 6 

Electives 18 



30 

Four-Year Pre-Engineering Course (Chemical) Leading 
to a Bachelor of Arts Degree. 

FRESHMAN. SOPHOMORE. 

Mathematics 11-12 6 *Mathematics 21-22 6 

English 11-12 6 English 21-22 6 

German 11-12, or French 11-12. . . 6 German 21-22, or French 21-22. . . 6 

Chemistry 11-12 8 Chemistry 21-22 8 

Mathematics 13-14 ._6_ Religion 11-12 ._6 

32 32 

JUNIOR. SENIOR. 

*Mathematics 6 *Mathematics 6 

Economics 6 Business Organization 6 

Chemistry 31-32 8 Chemistry 41-42 8 

Electives ._12_ Electives ^12 

32 32 



*Physics, Biology, or Geology (8), may be substituted for Mathematics 
in Sophomore, Junior or Senior years. 



62 Bulletin of Eton College — Catalogue Number. 

Four- Year Pre-Engineering Course (Electrical or Mechanical) 
Leading to a Bachelor of Arts Degree. 

FRESHMAN YEAR. 
Course: Semester Hours. 

Rhetoric and Composition, English 11-12 6 

General Chemistry 11-12 8 

College Algebra and Trigonometry, Mathematics 11-12.. 6 

Mechanical Drawing, Mathematics 13-14 6 

French 11-12, or German 11-12 _6 

32 
SOPHOMORE YEAR. 

English Survey, English 21-22 6 

General Physics 11-12 8 

Analytics, College Geometry, Mathematics 21-22 6 

Economics, Business Administration 11-12 6 

French 21-22, or German 21-22 _6 

32 
JUNIOR YEAR. 

Mechanics and Heat, Physics 41-42 8 

Differential and Integral Calculus, Mathematics 31-32. . 6 

Intermediate Physics 21-22 8 

United States History, History 11-12 6 

Sociology 31-32 or Philosophy 6 

34~ 
SENIOR YEAR. 
Fundamentals of Electrical Engineering, Physics 31-32. . 8 

Differential Equations, Mathematics 41-32 6 

Business Law, Business Administration 33-34 6 

Religion 33-34 6 

Philosophy 21-22 _6_ 

32 

Department of Business Administration. 

The following suggested course of study may be altered, if 
necessary, to meet individual circumstances. 

Students desiring to qualify for a teaching certificate in the 
commercial field should consult the Head of the Department. 

FRESHMAN YEAR. 

Business Admin. 11-12, Principles of Economics 6 

Business Admin. 13-14, Principles of Accounting 6 

History 11-12, United States History 6 

English 11-12, English Composition 6 

French, German, Math., Science, or Religion 11-12 6 

30 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 63 

SOPHOMORE YEAR. 

Semester Hours. 
Business Admin. 23-24, Advanced Accounting; or 

25 and 28, Salesmanship and Labor Problems 6 

English 21-22, English Literature 6 

French or German 6 

Mathematics or Science 6 or 8 

Religion 11-12, Bible _6 

JUNIOR YEAR. 30 or 32 

Business Admin 31-32, Marketing and Merchandising; 

or 33-34, Business Law 6 

Psychology and Ethics, or Sociology 6 

French or German, Math, or Science, or Religion 11-12 . 6 
Electives L2^ 

SENIOR YEAR. 30 

Business Admin. 41, Corporation Finance, and 42, Mon- 
ey and Banking; or 43, Factory Management and 

38, Credits and Collections 6 

History 48, American Government 3 

Electives 21 

30 
NOTE. — Either Business Administration 11-12, Principles of Economise, 
or Business Administration 13-14, Principles of Accounting, may be deferred 
to the second year, in which case another of the group may be chosen the 

first year. .«—.... 

Commercial Division. 

The following is a course of study and suggested credit allow- 
ance for commercial students, based upon one-year and two-year 
training courses in secretarial training. 

ONE- YEAR SECRETARIAL COURSE. 
Fall Semester: 

Shorthand (to be studied intensively). 

Typewriting (two periods daily each subject). 

Business English (including word study). 

Business Arithmetic. 

Penmanship (optional). 
Spring Semester: 

Advanced Dictation (continuation of shorthand). 

Advanced Typewriting (continuation of typewriting). 

Secretarial Practice (including Filing, Indexing, etc.) 

Bookkeeping (one-semester elementary course). 
NOTE. — Satisfactory completion of the one-year course as above would 
yield nine (9) semester hours credit for students meetine the regular entrance 
requirements. 



64 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

TWO-YEAR SECRETARIAL COURSE. 
First Year: Same as one-year course above. 
Second Year (Fall and Spring Semesters) : 

Semester Hours. 

English 11-12 6 

Accounting — B. A. 13 and 14 6 

Economics — B. A. 11 and 12 6 

Business Law — B. A. 33 and 34 6 

Advanced Dictation 3 

27 

Four-Year Course Leading to Bachelor of Arts in English 
and North Carolina Public School Certificate. 

FRESHMAN YEAR. 

English 11-12 6 

History 11-12 6 

Religion 11-12, or 13-14 6 

Romance or Ancient Language 6 

Science or Mathematics 6 or 8 

30 or 32 
SOPHOMORE YEAR. 

English 21-22 6 

History 21-22 6 

Continue same language pursued in freshman year 6 

Continue Mathematics or Science of freshman year 6 or 8 

Psychology 21 3 

Education 31 3 

30 or 32 
JUNIOR YEAR. 

English 41-42 6 

Electives to total 24 to 28 

30 to 34 
Recommended Electives: 

English History, Philosophy, Foreign Language (an ad- 
ditional course in the language already pursued dur- 
ing the Freshman and Sophomore years). 

SENIOR YEAR. 

English 45 3 

English 33-34, or 38-39 (drama), or 43-44 (literature).. .12 
(Choose two of the above three). 

Education 41, or Education 47 3 

Teacher Training 3 

Electives 9 to 12 

30 to 34 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 



65 



Four-Year Course Leading to a Bachelor of Arts Degree and 
a Diploma in Piano, Organ, Voice, or Violin. 



FRESHMAN. 

Music 11-12 6 

Music 17-18 4 

English 11-12 6 

French or German 11-12 6 

*Biology 11-12 8 

30 

JUNIOR. 

Music 37-38 4 

Music Electives 8 

Religion 33-34 6 

General Electives 14 



32 



SOPHOMORE. 

Music 21-22 6 

Music 23-24 4 

Music 27-28 4 

English 21-22 6 

French or German 21-22 6 

♦Biology 21-22 8 

34 
SENIOR. 

Music 47-48 4 

Music Electives 6 

General Electives 20 



Total hours for Degree and Diploma 126 

Total hours of Music required for Diploma 42 

Maximum Music creditable on Degree : 36 



30 



Four-Year Course Leading to a Bachelor of Arts Degree 
and a Certificate in Music. 



FRESHMAN. 

Music 11-12 6 

Music 17-18 (Voice) 4 

English 11-12 6 

♦Biology 11-12 8 

French 11-12, or German 11-12.. . 6 



SOPHOMORE. 

Music 21-22 6 

English 21-22 6 

♦Biology 21-22 8 

French 21-22, or German 21-22. . . 6 

Music 23-24 4 



SENIOR. 

Music 45-46 

General Electives 



30 
JUNIOR. 

Music Electives 4 

Religion 33-34 6 

General Electives 20 

30 

Total hours for Degree and Certificate 120 

Total hours of Music required 30 

Maximum Music creditable on degree 36 



30 

. 6 
.24 

30 



♦Chemistry, Physics or Mathematics may be substituted for Biology. 



66 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

Home Economics Curriculum 

FRESHMAN CLASS. 

English 11-12 (Composition & Rhetoric) 6 

Chemistry 11-12 (General) 8 

Biology 11-12 (General) 8 

Home Economics 11-12 (Nutrition & Food) 6 

French 11-12 (Composition and Grammar) 6 



34 
SOPHOMORE CLASS. 

English 21-22 (English Literature) 6 

Home Economics 13-14 (Clothing and Textiles) 6 

Psychology 21 (General) 3 

Education 31 (Educational Psychology) 3 

Chemistry 31-32 (Organic) 8 

French 21-22 (Literature) 6 



32 

JUNIOR CLASS. 

Education 42 or 47 (Principles of High School Teaching) 3 

Physics 13 (Household) 4 

Home Economics 23-34 (Nutrition and Dietetics) 6 

Home Economics 31-32 (Nursing, Child Care, Home 

Management) 6 

Religion 13 (Development of Christian Personality) .... 6 

Art (Regular Course) 3 

Child Psychology 22 3 



31 

SENIOR CLASS. 

Home Economics 43 (Costume and Design) 3 

Religion 34 (Family and Social Relations) 3 

Home Economics 45 (Materials and Methods) 3 

Biology (Bacteriology) 4 

Home Economics 44 (Advanced Dressmaking) 3 

Home Economics 42 (Home Management) 3 

Education 52 (Observation and Directed Teaching) .... 3 

Biology 42 (Physiology) 4 

Education 62 (Foundational Methods) 3 

Home Economics 41 (Economics of Home) 3 

32 



Departments of Instruction. 



DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 
AND ECONOMICS. 

PROFESSOR HARDY. 
MRS. HOWELL. 
MR. STEUART. 

Business needs trained minds and trained hands and business 
will pay far more for skilled services than for unskilled labor. 
It is increasingly difficult for the unskilled to find work that a 
machine cannot do better and cheaper, but there is always room 
at the top for a trained mind. 

The courses in Economics and Business Administration help 
three kinds of students : First, to those who plan to be business 
men or women, the theory and practice of business are taught, 
so that our graduates may be more useful to employers, and may 
rise faster, therefore, to positions of responsibility. 

Second, to those who plan to teach, the courses specified by 
the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction are offered 
to supply the requirements for the certification of commercial 
teachers. 

Third, to those who have not the time or money required 
for a four-year course, either a two-year Secretarial Training 
course, or a one-year Secretarial Training course is available. 
Secretarial students must meet the same entrance requirements 
as other students. 

Other students, who do not plan to enter business, or com- 
mercial teaching, may take an intellectual interest in learning the 
science of wealth and debt and how men earn their living. 

REQUIREMENTS IN BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION AND 
ECONOMICS. 

For a Major: 30 semester hours in the following courses: 
Principles of Economics, Principles of Accounting, Advanced Accounting, 
Salesmanship, Trust Problems, Labor Problems, Marketing, Merchandising, 
Business Law, Credits and Collections, Corporation Finance, Money and 



68 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

Banking, Factory Management, Insurance, Materials and Methods, Pen- 
manship, Business Arithmetic, Business English, Secretarial Practice, Short- 
hand, Typewriting, Bookkeeping and Accounting, Office Management, Ad- 
vanced Dictation. 

NOTE. — Thirty-six semester hours are recommended for those including 
credit for Secretarial Training. Principles of Economics and Principles of Ac- 
counting are required. 

For a Minor: 

Twelve semester hours or more myst be chosen from the following: 
Psychology, Philosophy, Sociology, History.uu 

Recommended: Psychology 21, Philosophy 32, Sciology 31-32, History 
48, English 35-36. 

ECONOMICS. 

BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 11-12. 

Principles of Economics. An introductory course to acquaint the student 
with the fundamental principles which underlie economic relations and ac- 
tivities. An analysis is made of production, consumption, exchange, and 
distribution. A brief survey of money, banking and credit, the business cycle, 
business organization, monopoly and trusts, labor problems, insurance, public 
finance, and economic reforms. A combination of the lecture and case meth- 
od will be used to better relate practical situations to theory. 

Three hours per week. 

Six semester hours credit. 

Open to Freshmen. Required for a major in Business Administration. 

MR. STEUART. 

BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION. 

BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 13-14. 

Principles of Accounting. This course does not require a knowledge of 
bookkeeping. It deals with the proprietorship equation, financial statements, 
the ledger and the trial balance, posting, adjusting and closing entries, col- 
umnar records, controlling accounts, business forms and papers, notes and 
drafts, partnership accounting, classification of accounts, accrued and defer- 
red items, corporation accounting, depreciation, depletion and obsolescence, 
analysis of financial statements, elements of manufacturing accounts, prob- 
lems, practice sets, and lectures. 

Laboratory fee of $5.00 per semester. 

Three hours recitation and three hours laboratory work per week. 

Credit six semester hours. 

Open to Freshmen. Required for a major in Business Administration. 

MR. STEUART. 

BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 23-24. 
Advanced Accounting. Covering profits, analysis of statements, advanced 
work in partnerships and corporations, agencies and branches, statements 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 69 

of affairs, realization and liquidation, application of funds, estate accounting, 
actuarial science, depreciation, good will, reserves, funds, consolidations, 
mergers, partnership liquidations, consolidated balance sheets and profit and 
loss statements, reorganizations, foreign exchange and insurance. Numerous 
problems will be used to show the proper application of principles. 

Laboratory fee of $5.00 per semester. 

Three hours recitation and three hours laboratory per week. 

Credit six semester hours. 

Prerequisite: Business Administration 13-14. 

PROFESSOR HARDY. 

BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 25. 

Salesmanship. Fall Semester. This course is a consideration of the 
broad field of personal selling. The steps in a sale, the psychology of the broad 
field of personal selling process, knowledge of the goods and of the market, 
selling to wholesalers and to retailers, and selling in the export trade are some 
of the problems considered. Attention is given to sales methods, the relation 
of personal selling to advertising, sales management, the house policies, the 
selection, training, co-operation with, and supervision of salesmen, and the 
various methods of compensating salesmen. 

Three hours per week. Credit three semester hours. 

Prerequisite or corequisite: Psychology 21. 

PROFESSOR HARDY. 

BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 27. 

Trust Problems. Fall Semester. A study of the trust problems in the 
United States. Consideration of the early devices for restricting competition, 
the history and character of modern trust movements, discussion of trust 
legislation, reasons for forming trusts, and representative trusts. 

Three hours per week. Credit three semester hours. 

Prerequisite: Business Administration 11-12. 

PROFESSOR HARDY. 

BUSINESS ^ADMINISTRATION 28. 

Labor Problems. Spring Se?nester. This course considers the causes of 
industrial unrest and other labor problems, and endeavors to understand the 
reactions of various groups to these conditions. Recent labor tendencies will 
be discussed. Special emphasis is given to the American labor movement, 
its objects, tactics, and accomplishments. 

Three hours per week. Credit three semester hours. 

Not open to Freshmen. PROFESSOR HARDY. 

BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 31. 

Marketing. Fall Semester. A study of the fundamental processes of our 
system of marketing will be made. Nature and scope of marketing, the ec- 
onomics of marketing, marketing functions, types of middlemen, retail dis- 
tribution and marketing agencies, wholesale marketing of manufactured 



70 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

goods, aggressive marketing methods, marketing conveniences, shopping and 
specialty goods, marketing industrial goods, direct selling, the economics of 
advertising. The problems of physical distribution, finance and risk, stand- 
ardization, and prices are considered. 

Three hours per week. Crelit three semester hours 

Prereq lisite: Business Administration 11-12. 

PROFESSOR HARDY. 

BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 32. 

Merchandising. Spring Semester. This course is an attempt to set forth 
the different merchandising policies. Methods and principles with a discus- 
sion of terms and phraseology in general use, various methods of computing 
gross profit, net profit and turnover, effect of turnover on price, profits and 
merchandise investment, use and importance of budgetary control, control 
of inventories, monthly estimated net profit and inventory statements. Also 
a brief survey of buying and stock-keeping records, comparative sales and 
expense records, methods of inventory taking, and proper classification. 

Three hours per week. Credit three semester hours. 

Prerequisite: Business Administration 11-12. 

PROFESSOR HARDY. 

BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 33. 

Business Law. This course is designed to give the student an under- 
standing of the main principles of law governing the daily conduct of busi- 
ness. A consideration of contracts, agency, partnerships, corporations, ne- 
gotiable instruments, bankruptcy, sales, bailments, personal and real proper- 
ty relations. 

Three hours per week. Credit three semester hours. 

Prerequisite: Business Administration 11-12, or Junior Standing. 

MR. STEUART. 

BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 34. 

Insurance. The purpose of this course is primarily to acquaint the gen- 
eral business student with the subject of Insurance, and secondarily, to pro- 
vide a foundation course for those intending to enter the insurance business. 
The course will consider: 

1. The nature and extent of risk or losses. 

2. Insurable types of risk. 

3. The nature of the insurance business: (a) The mathematical basis of 
insurance; (b) Insurable types of risk; (c) Organization of the insurance 
business: Life, Fire and Marine, Casualty; Agents and brokers, private and 
public. 

4. Insurance Contracts: (a) Common and legal characteristics; (b) Spe- 
cific contracts and their uses: fire, marine, miscellaneous, property, life, dis- 
ability, liability, workmen's compensation. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 71 

5. Rate-making, reserves, reinsurance, financial statements, government 
regulation, and economic services of insurance. 

Three hours per a week. Credit three semester hours. 

PROFESSOR HARDY. 

BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 38. 

Credits and Collections. Spring Semester. This is a consideration of the 
place of credit in the marketing structure. The economic basis of credit ex- 
tension, the relation of credit to selling, methods of collecting and using 
credit information, credit bureaus, the use of trade acceptances, commercial 
paper, and collection letters, are investigated. Attention is also given to 
foreign credit problems, domestic business failures, bankruptcy and insolven- 
cy practices, and credit adjustments produced by business cycles; credit 
problems of manufacturers, wholesalers and retailers. 

Three hours per week. Credit three semester hours. 

Prerequisite: Business Administration 11-12 or 13-14. 

PROFESSOR HARDY. 

BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 41. 

Corporation Finance. Fall Semester. Development of corporate forms of 
business; its advantages and disadvantages; promotion; sources of capital; 
stock classifications and rights of stockholders; internal financial management; 
legal position, receivership and reorganization. 

Three hours per week. Credit three semester hours. 

Prerequisite: Business Administration 11-12, or 13-14. 

PROFESSOR HARDY. 

BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 42. 

Money and Banking. Spring Semester. A general survey of the modern 
financial system, including the principles and history of money and monetary 
standards; the principle and function of banks and bank credit, commercial 
banks, investment banks, trust companies, the Federal Reserve System; a 
brief survey of the commercial banking systems of other countries. The re- 
lation of the business man and the banker. 

Three hours per week. Credit three semester hours. 

Prerequisite or corequisite: Business Administration 11-12. 

PROFESSOR HARDY. 
BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 43. 

Factory Management. Fall Semester. A study of factors affecting loca- 
tion of plant, adaptation of building to process, type of factory building, 
routing of work, selection and arrangement of machinery. Also type of or- 
ganization and special adaptation of each type; exclusive control; methods 
in the production, stores, purchasing, shipping, engineering, cost and other 
departments; progress records; standardization. Handling of workmen, wage 
systems, time study, records. 

Three hours per week. Credit three semester hours. 

Prerequisite: Business Administration 11-12, and Junior standing. 

PROFESSOR HARDY. 



72 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 46. 

Materials and Methods. Spring Semester. This course is designed to assist 
the student that desires to apply for a Grade A Teaching Certificate in the 
commercial field. 

Three hours per week. Credit three semester hours. 

Open only to students majoring in Business Administration. 

MR. STEUART. 

COMMERCIAL DIVISION. 

BUSINESS 5. 

Penmanship.. This course is optional, but is recommended for those 
students who have never had a course in penmanship, and also for those who 
write with a laborious and cramped style. It is designed to teach the fun- 
damentals of correct posture and to develop a fluent, rapid and legible hand- 
writing. 

Three hours each week. Fall Semester 

MRS. HOWELL. 

BUSINESS 7. 

Business Arithmetic. This is a brief elementary course in business arith- 
metic, which reveals the short-cuts and helpful suggestions for speed in com- 
putations. Major emphasis is placed upon developing proficiency in those 
problems frequently met with by secretaries and office workers; such as 
problems in Billing and Pay Rolls, Interest, Trade Discounts, Bank Dis- 
counts, Profit and Loss, and Price Marking. 

Three hours each week. Fall Semester. 

MR. STEUART. 

BUSINESS 8. 

Secretarial Practice. This course is outlined to acquaint the student, 
through actual laboratory experience, with the major and minor activities 
and duties of the secretary. It is designed to bring into the classroom, a9 
much as is possible, the office atmosphere. Filing, indexing, mailing proced- 
ures, transcription methods, and financial duties are expecially emphasized. 

Three hours each week, with additional laboratory hours. 

Spring Semester. 

MRS. HOWELL. 

BUSINESS 11. 

Business English. This course emphasizes those phases of English which 
are essential as a background for business correspondence. 

Offered in the English Department. Three hours each week. 
Fall Semester. 

MRS. HOWELL. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 73 

BUSINESS 12. 

Bookkeeping and Accounting. An elementary course, designed to ac- 
quaint the student with present day methods of keeping and interprettating 
business records and reports. In addition to the regular bookkeeping cycle, 
special journals, notes, interest, discount, deferred charges, reserves, and col- 
umnar records, are studied. 

MR. STEWART 

♦BUSINESS 13-14. 

Shorthand. A course in the fundamental principles of Gregg Shorthand, 
with special emphasis on accuracy and speed. Practice work in dictation and 
transcription. In the spring semester intensive work is done in dictation 
and transcription. 

Six hours each week throughout the year. 

MRS. HOWELL. 

♦BUSINESS 15-16. 

Typewriting. The course in touch typewriting includes a speed-building 
program, which is planned to develop the skill to a high degree of proficien- 
cy. 

Five hours each week of class instruction throughout the year, and six 
hours of laboratory work each week. 

MRS. HOWELL. 

BUSINESS 18. 

Office Management. This course is offered to students who desire to 
obtain teacher's certificates in commercial subjects. 
Credit allowed toward teaching certificate. 

MRS. HOWELL 

BUSINESS 21-22. 

Advanced Dictation. A second-year course in shorthand, consisting of 
rapid dictation and rapid transcription. Training in the editing duty of the 
private secretary is a part of this course. Effective English is stressed, as 
well as the art of completing transcripts with dispatch. 

MRS. HOWELL 

Three hours each week. Credit three semester hours. 



♦Business 13, 14, 15, 16, taken together by a junior or senior student 
majoring in Business Administration may count for six semester hours, but 
this credit will not be certified on the student's record until all other semester 
hour requirements are completed. 

NOTE. — Nine (9) semester hours credit will be allowed upon the sat- 
isfactory completion of the one-year secretarial training course. 



74 Bulletin of Elon College— Catalogue Number. 

DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION. 

PROFESSOR MESSICK. 

ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR HUSBANDS. 

MR. TERRILL. 

PROFESSIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR NORTH CAROLINA 
CERTIFICATES. 

Grammar Grade or Primary Certificate, Class B. — Education 
21 (22 for Primary), 23, 31 and Philosophy 22 and one elective. 

Gh'ammar Grade or Primary Certificate, Class A. — Education 
21 (22 for Primary), 23, 31, 32 (32 not required for Primary), 53 
or 54, (55 or 56 for Primary), Philosophy 22 and two electives. 

High School Certificate, Class A. — Education 31, 41 or 47, 51 
or 52, 45 or 46, and two electives. 

For subject-matter, see literary departments. 

GENERAL EDUCATION COURSES. 

EDUCATION 21. 

Grammar Grade Methods. 

Aim: To acquaint prospective teachers with the subject matter which 
should be taught in graded school and the methods that should be used in 
teaching subject matter. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

MISS HUSBANDS. 

EDUCATION 22. 

Primary Grade Methods. 

Aim : To acquaint the prospective teacher with the subject matter which 
should be taught in the primary grades and the best methods of teaching the 
subject matter used. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

See Psychology 21 and 22. 

MISS HUSBANDS. 

ENGLISH 24. 

Children's Literature for Primary and Grammar Grades. Spring Semester. 
The aim of this course is to give an intimate knowledge of the field of Child- 
ren's Literature. Myths, folk tales, poetry, informative literature and fiction 
will be studied and evaluated for their respective appeal and value to child- 
ren. Practice in the writing of synopses and paraphrases and in the telling 
of stories will be included. A handbook and a one-volume collection of child- 
ren's literature will be the basic texts. These will be supplemented by parallel 
readings in methods and materials found in the college library. 

Three hours per week. Credit three semester hours. 

MISS HUSBANDS. 



Bulletin of Elon College—Catalogue Number. 75 

EDUCATION 23, 

Classroom Management. 

Aim: To give the prospective teacher an understanding of the best- 
methods of organization and management of the classroom activities. 

Topics: Modern methods of management, discipline, daily programs, 
lesson assignments, lesson plans, etc. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

PROFESSOR MESSICK. 

EDUCATION 32. 

Educational Measurements. Spring Semester. 

Aim: To acquaint the student with standard tests, how to use them, and 
how to improve methods of teaching and to economize time by the practical 
results of the application of the principles of testing the progress of pupils. 

Topics: Titles, structure, giving tests, tabulation and interpretation of 
results in classifying and promoting pupils. PROFESSOR MESSICK. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

Topics: Frequency distributions, central tendencies, deviations from 
central tendencies, coefficient of correlation, reliability of measures, test and 
scale formation, scientific experimentation, partial and multiple correlations, 
etc. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

EDUCATION 42. 

High School Administration and Supervision. Spring Semester. 

Aim: To give the prospective administrative officers of the high school 
familiarity with the problems of administration and supervision and the best 
methods of handling them. 

Topics: Types of high schools, school boards, professional qualification 
in education, qualification of teachers and principals, rating of teachers, im- 
provement of teachers, selecting teachers. PROFESSOR MESSICK. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

EDUCATION 43. 

History of Education. Fall Semester. 

Aim: To acquaint students with the great educational leaders in the 
past, the great educational systems, the development of education in different 
countries, as a background for modern educational progress and to acquaint 
the students with the history of education in America and the educational 
history of North Carolina. PROFESSOR MESSICK. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

EDUCATION 44. 

The Philosophy of Education. Spring Semester. 

Aim: To acquaint the student with the underlying principles of educa- 
tional theories, the solution of educational problems, the development of 



76 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

democratic conceptions underlying the American system of education, and 
the social, moral and cultural implications of the development of personality. 
Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

PROFESSOR MESSICK. 

EDUCATION 45-46. 
Materials and Methods. 
See literary departments for description. 

EDUCATION 47. 

Principles of High School Teaching. 

Aim: To train the high school teacher in the modern methods of teach- 
ing in the secondary schools and to familiarize the student in the technique 
of classification and promotion of pupils, with methods of testing the results 
of teaching, giving tests, and standard examinations, the reliability, validity, 
objectivity and other qualities of dependable methods of standard tests, in- 
dividual differences, etc. PROFESSOR MESSICK. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

EDUCATION 51 and 52. 

Observation and Directed Teaching. 

Practice teaching in the high school imder supervision and direction. 

Five hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

PROFESSOR MESSICK. 
MR. TERRILL. 
EDUCATION 53 and 54. 
Observation and Directed Teaching. 

Practice teaching in the grammar grades under supervision and direction. 
Five hours a week. Credit six semester hours. MISS HUSBAND. 

EDUCATION 55 and 56. 

Observation and Directed Teaching. 

Practice teaching in primary grades under supervision and direction. 

Five hours a week. Credit six semester hours. MISS HUSBAND. 

OBSERVATION AND DIRECTED TEACHING. 

The public school at Elon College is used for observation and directed 
teaching. The work is under the joint direction and supervision of the public 
school teachers and the Department of Education. 

The work, as outlined above, will prepare the students, professionally, 
for teaching Certificates in public schools. Those who expect to enter edu- 
cational work should consult the Director of Education before taking any 
course. 

NOTE. — A Summer School is conducted for nine weeks for the benefit 
of teachers in service and students who wish to earn credits for the A. B 
degree. Six, eight, or nine semester hours credit may be earned in the summer 
school. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 77 

DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE AND 
LITERATURE. 

PROFESSOR COLLINS 
ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR BARNEY. 

ENGLISH 11-12. 

A Course in Composition. This is designed to give the student an ac- 
quaintance with the various types of composition and practice in writing. 
The texts used include a standard dictionary, a copy of prose models, and 
composition and rhetoric. The texts mentioned will be supplemented by par- 
allel reading assignments. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

For Freshmen. PROFESSORS COLLINS and BARNEY. 

ENGLISH 21-22. 

A General Survey of English Literature. A study of the literature and life 
of the English people from Beowulf to the present. Required of Sophomores. 
Three hours per week. Credit six semester hours. 

PROFESSOR COLLINS. 

ENGLISH 33-34. 

Shakespeare. This course is devoted to the study of Shakespeare. A 
brief survey of the Elizabethan theater and theatrical conditions will precede 
the intensive study of the plays. Open to Juniors and Seniors. 

Three hours per week. Credit six semester hours. 

PROFESSOR COLLINS. 

ENGLISH 35-36. 

Public Speaking. A study of the fundamentals of speech. Purposes to 
train the whole man — body, voice and mind. Practice in speech making for 
various occasions. Text: "Fundamentals of Speech," by Chas. Woolbert. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

MISS CHILDS. 

ENGLISH 38-39. 

English Dramatic Literature. The historical development of English 
dramatic literature from the Middle Ages to the present. Special attention 
is given to the Elizabethan and Restoration periods. Wide reading of rep- 
resentative plays. Preliminary lectures on Greek and Roman drama and 
reading of selected plays in translation. 

Open to Junior and Seniors. 

Prerequisite, English 11-12 and 21-22. 

Three hours per week. Credit six semester hours. 

PROFESSOR COLLINS. 



78 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

ENGLISH 41-42. 

A Study of American Literature. American prose and poetry, from its 
beginnings to the present. Particular attention is given to the lives and writ- 
ings of the major writers, noticing their philosophy, their style and their in- 
fluence upon the development of literature in America. The study of the 
text will be supplemented by the reading and report of a number of produc- 
tions found in the library. Open to Juniors and Seniors. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

PROFESSOR BARNEY. 

ENGLISH 45-46. 

Materials and Methods of Teaching High School English. This course is 
especially intended for those who expect to teach in high school. No student 
who has not maintained an average grade of C or above in his English courses 
will be allowed to enter the class. The work of the course includes consider- 
ation of objectives and methods in the teaching of composition and litera- 
ture, planning of the high school course, and the study of the most important 
English classics in the high school curriculum. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

PROFESSOR BARNEY. 

ENGLISH 47-48. 

History of the English Language. A study of the historical background 
of the English language and of the linguistic phenomena of Modern English. 
The elements of Old English (Anglo-Saxon) will be studied as a necessary 
foundation of the course. The course will include the historical development 
of English sounds and forms; the influence of other languages on English; 
the sources of the English vocabulary; the political, social and cultural in- 
fluences which have combined in making the language what it is; the English 
language in America, past and present. 

It is recommended that registrants for this course have some knowledge 
of foreign languages, particularly German, French and Latin. 

Open to Juniors and Seniors. 

Prerequisite, English 11-12 and 21-22. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

PROFESSOR COLLINS. 

ENGLISH 49. 

Advanced Composition. An advanced course for students who wish to 
supplement and develop their writing experience beyond the elementary 
Freshman course The class is conducted as a literary workshop, with the 
chief emphasis upon development of literary style and functional expression. 

Open to Juniors and Seniors. 

Prerequisite: English 11-12 and 21-22. 

Three hous a week, second semester. Credit three semester hours. 

PROFESSOR COLLINS. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 79 

ENGLISH 61-62. 

Journalism. This course will be confined largely to a study of present- 
day newspaper writing and editing, including the staff and their duties, the 
ethics of journalism, and the various types of articles. Practice in the writing 
of feature articles, the news story, the editorial, etc., will constitute the lab- 
oratory part of the course. The class will also visit the plants of several 
papers in order to study the subject at first hand. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

Open to Juniors and Seniors. PROFESSOR BARNEY. 

ENGLISH 63-64. 
Chaucer and Milton. Fall Semester. After a preliminary study of Chau- 
cer's language, the class will read representative works, including the Can- 
terbury Tales and Troilus and Criseyde. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

Spring Semester. Exhaustive study of Milton's poetical works and some 
attention to his prose. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

PROFESSOR COLLINS. 



DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY AND SOCIOLOGY. 
HISTORY. 

PROFESSOR DICKINSON. 
HISTORY 11-12. 

The United States. A survey of the history of the United States rrom 
the period of the American Revolution to the present. Emphasis is placed 
n pon the economic, social and institutional, as well as the political growth. 

Lectures, text-book and collateral readings. 

Elective for Freshmen. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

HISTORY 13-14. 

Modern European History. A survey of European history from 1500 to 
the present. 

The first semester surveys the period from 1500 to 1815. It includes 
such movements as the Renaissance, the Reformation, the "Commercial Rev- 
olution," the rise of the national state, dynastic and colonial rivalries, the 
"Intellectual Revolution" of the 17th and 18th centuries, and the French 
Revolution. 

The second semester includes a survey of European history from 1815 
to the present. The progress of nationalism, the "Industrial Revolution," 
and the diplomatic background of the World War are emphasized. 

Lectures, text-book and collateral readings. 

Elective for Freshmen and Sophomores. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 



80 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

HISTORY 31. 

Fall Semester. Ancient History. A brief survey of ancient history from 
the rise of civilization in Egypt and Babylonia to the close of the second 
century, A. D. Emphasis is placed on the history of Greece and Rome. 
Special attention is given to the evolution of government and to the progress 
of art, science and philosophy. 

Lectures, text-book and collateral readings. 

Elective for Juniors and Seniors. Offered only in alternate years. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

HISTORY 32. 

Spring Semester. Medieval Europe. A survey of European history from 
the disintegration of the Roman Empire to the Renaissance. Emphasis is 
placed on the causes of Rome's decline, the origin and growth of the church, 
feudal and manorial society, intellectual interests, the place of the Empire' 
and the rise of national monarchy in France and England. 

Lectures and collateral readings. 

Elective for Juniors and Seniors. Offered only in alternate years. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

HISTORY 33. 

Fall Semester. A History of Colonial America. A brief survey of Amer- 
ican history from the period of exploration and discovery to the outbreak of 
the Revolution. Special attention is given to the evolution of colonial gov- 
ernment and British policy. An attempt is made to present a well-rounded 
picture of colonial society, its economic life, manners, customs, institutions 
and culture. Colonial North Carolina is studied in somewhat more detail 
than the other colonies. 

Text-book, lectures and reports. 

Elective for Juniors and Seniors. Offered only in alternate years. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

HISTORY 34. 

Spring Semester. A History of England. A general survey of British 
history from Roman times to the present, in which the emphasis is placed 
mainly on the political and constitutional developments. 

Lectures, text-book and reports. 

Elective for Juniors and Seniors. Offered only in alternate years. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

HISTORY 44. 

Spring Semester. Economic History. A survey of the main trends of ec- 
onomic history in Europe and America from about 1750 to the present time. 
Special attention is given to the "Industrial Revolution," problems of state 
control, and to the evolution of the present institutions. 

The course counts as credit toward a major in Business Administration. 

Lectures and readings. 

Elective for Seniors. Offered only in alternate years. 

PROFESSORS HARDY and DICKINSON. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 81 

HISTORY 45. 
Fall Semester. Materials and Methods in Teaching High School History. 
Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

HISTORY 48. 

Spring Semestei . American Government and Politics. A general survey of 
national, state and local governments. 

This course is counted as political science towards a North Carolina 
high school certificate. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

HISTORY 49. 
Spring Semester. American Parties and Party Politics. A survey of the 
history, functions and organization of political parties in the United States. 
Elective for Seniors. History 48 prerequisite. 
Lectures, texts and reports. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 
Offered only in alternate years. 

HISTORY 24. 

Spring Semester. North Carolina History. 

SOCIOLOGY. 

PROFESSOR BOWDEN. 
SOCIOLOGY 31-32. 

Fall Semester. Introduction to Sociology. This course directs attention 
to the various forms and processes that are involved in human association. 
The aim of the course is to give the student an understanding of our complex 
social life. It offers a genetic approach to the conditions now existing. The 
major emphasis is on social processes and social control. 

Spring Semester. Introduction to Sociology (Continued). The work of 
this semester is a continuation of the study in the field of social life. The 
emphasis during this semester is upon man's institutional life. The origin, 
nature and functions of each institution are studied together with the modern 
problems that grow out of our institutional life. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

SOCIOLOGY 41. 

Rural Sociology. Conditions of life in the country and constructive 
organization for improvement. Social technology of rural communities; im- 
portance of agriculture; rural institutions; co-operative marketing; good 
roads; consolidated schools; social surveys of the country and the rural 
church; organization of the rural community, and social control. 

Open to Juniors and Seniors. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

Not given in 1937-'38. 



82 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

SOCIOLOGY 42. 

Spring Semester. — Problems of Sociology. Special reference to forces that 
enter into the composition of life and society, accompanied by lectures and re- 
ports throughout; Poverty; Socialism; Social Pathology; Social Duties; 
Immigration; Congestion of Population; Race; Industry; Internationalism; 
and the other social and industrial problems of our day. This is the regular 
Orientation Course for Juniors. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

Not given in 1937-'38. 



DEPARTMENT OF ANCIENT LANGUAGES. 
I.— GREEK. 

PROFESSOR NEWMAN. 
GREEK 31-32. 
Elementary Greek. Mastery of declensions and conjugations, synopsis of 
verbs, word analysis, derivation and composition and simpler principles. 
Drill in pronunciation by reading Greek aloud. 

Required of all offering to enter the department. No credit can be given 
toward a degree for this course, unless the student has offered two units in 
one foreign language for entrance. Xenophon, Book I. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

GREEK 33-34. 
Plato's Apology and Crito, Herodotus (2). Grammar, Composition (1). 
Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

GREEK 41-42. 
Greek Drama, Greek Testament (2). Composition, Grammar (1). 
Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

GREEK 43-44. 
Homer, Lyric Poets (2). Greek Literature (1). 
Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 



DEPARTMENT OF MODERN LANGUAGES. 
I.— FRENCH. 

PROFESSOR CLARKE. 
PROFESSOR FRENCH. 
FRENCH 11-12. 
This course consists of a careful study of the following subjects: Syntax, 
Composition, Conversation, History of French Literature, extensive reading 
of Classical and Modern French. Open to Freshmen and Sophomores. 
Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 
French A or its equivalent is required for entrance. 

PROFESSOR CLARKE. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 83 

FRENCH 21-22. 

During this course the students make a comprehensive study of the 
literature of France during the seventh, eighteenth and nineteenth centuries; 
the drama, essay, novel, short story and letters. Open to students who have 
completed creditably French 11-12. PROFESSOR CLARKE. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

FRENCH 31-32. 

This is an advanced course in French composition and requires a careful 
study of the elements of French literature in its different periods. Original 
papers in French and a thesis showing original work on some phase of French 
language and literature are required during the year. Open to students who 
have completed creditably French 11-12 and 21-22. 

Three hours a w r eek. Credit six semester hours. 

PROFESSOR CLARKE. 

FRENCH 41-42. 

This course is devoted to the study of historical French; lectures and 
Comparative Philology; a study of the sources of French forms and idioms; 
a comparison of Old, Middle, and Modern French with Low and Classical 
Latin. Open to students who have completed French 11-12 and 21-22. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

II.— GERMAN. 

PROFESSOR CLARKE. 
PROFESSOR FRENCH. 

GERMAN 11-12. 

An introductory course, including a complete and thorough study of the 
declensions and conjugations and the rules of grammar. Students are care- 
fully drilled in the rules of syntax. Regular drills are made in composition, 
extensive translation of rather easy prose and poetry. 

Open to Freshmen and Sophomores. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

PROFESSOR FRENCH. 

GERMAN 21-22. 

This course is devoted to a rapid reading of the various types of German 
literature. Special attention is called to the style of the different authors. 
Much time and work is devoted to the study of drama. 

Open to students who have completed German 11-12. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

PROFESSOR CLARKE. 



84 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS. 

PROFESSOR WICKER. 
MATHEMATICS 11-12. 

Fall Semester. College Algebra. The course opens with a rapid review of 
the fundamental principles of the elementary algebra. This is followed by 
a careful study of Quadratic Equations, Ratio and Proportion, and Varia- 
tion, Series, Binomial Formula, Inequalities, Determinants and the Theory 
of Equatidns. 

Spring Semester. Trigonometry. The solution of right and oblique tri- 
angles both with and without logarithms. Trigonometric identities and Trig- 
onometric equations. Line functions and graphical representations. 

Prerequisites: High School Algebra and Plane Geometry complete. 

Open to Freshmen. Required of students majoring or minoring in Math- 
ematics. 

Three class hours, and two hours of laboratory a week. 

Credit six semester hours. 

MATHEMATICS 21-22. 

Fall Semester. Solid Mensuration. Each solid is defined and illustrated. 
Its properties are stated and formulas relating to it are given. Carefully 
chosen problems relating to familiar objects of every-day experience are 
used. 

Spring Semester. Analytic Geometry. This com'se includes a treatment 
of the straight line, the circle, other conic sections, special plane curves and 
transformation of coordinates. 

Open to Sophomores. Required of students majoring or minoring in 
Mathematics. Prerequisite, Mathematics 11-12. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

MATHEMATICS 31-32. 

Fall Semester. Differential Calculus. This course is devoted to the study 
of the differentiation of functions, with simple applications of the deriv- 
atives to rates, length of tangents, normals, and the like. After this the 
subjects of Maxima and Minima, Curvature, rates and envelopes are studied. 
Numerous problems and exercises are solved and thorough drills are given 
on every topic studied. This course closes with a drill on curve tracing. 

Spring Semester. Integral Calculus. Integration. The Constant of Inte- 
gration. The Definite Integral. In addition to the study of the subjects men- 
tioned, the student is given a thorough drill on the methods of integration. 
The object is to enable him to investigate without having to rely on any 
tables or set rules, and, after having learned the principles of integration, to 
apply them to such subjects as areas, lengths of curves, volumes of solids of 
revolution, and areas of surfaces of revolution. 

Open to Juniors. Required of all students majoring in Mathematics. 

Prerequisite, Mathematics 21-22. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 85 

MATHEMATICS 41-42. 
Fall Semester. Differential Equations. Both the ordinary and the partial 
Differential Equations will be studied. Particular attention will be paid to 
the theory of integration of such equations as admit of a known Transforma- 
tion Group, and the classic methods of integration are compared with those 
which flow from the Theory of Continuous Group. A similar method is adopt- 
ed in studying the Linear Partial Differential Equations of the First Order. 

Spring Semester. Applied Calculus. During this semester the study of 
the differential equations will be continued, and the subject of calculus ap- 
plied to mechanics and to engineering problems in general will be taken up 
and studied on rather broad lines. This cannot be taken by any student who 
has not taken the courses in Mathematics 11-12, Mathematics 21-22, and 
Mathematics 31-32. 

Open to Juniors and Seniors only. Required of all students majoring 
in Mathematics, unless they have taken Mathematics 43-44. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

MATHEMATICS 43-44. 
Fall Semester. College Geometry. This course will consist of as much 
College Geometry as is usually given in any text on this subject. The object 
of this course will be to introduce the student into higher geometry and 
those principles that will enable him to teach High School Geometry more 
readily than he can without taking this course. This course is for the special 
benefit of those majoring in Mathematics and expecting to teach High School 
Mathematics. 

Spring Semester. The Theory of Equations. This course in the Theory 
of Equations will give the student as much as is usually given in any author- 
ized text book on this subject. Demonstrations with library reference will 
constitute the body of this course of instruction. 

This course alternates with Mathematics 41-42, and is open to Juniors 
and Seniors only. Required of all students majoring in Mathematics, unless 
they have taken Mathematics 41-42. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

MATHEMATICS 46. 

Spring Semester. Materials and Methods in the Teaching of Mathematics. 
This course offers a study of the methods of presenting the different branches 
of Mathematics to the pupil in the secondary schools. This course will be 
supplemented by lectures and numerous illustrations, and the pupils taking 
the course will be required to conduct several classes in Mathematics in the 
Practice School, under the supervision of the Professor of Mathematics. 

Given only when at least five apply for the course. 

Elective by Juniors and Seniors. Required of students preparing to 
teach Mathematics. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 



86 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

MATHEMATICS 47. 

Fall Semester. The History of Mathematics. A survey of the 6eld of 
Mathematics from the earliest ages to the present. In this course a text in the 
History of Mathematics will be made the basis of a class course and students 
will have a broad field for library work. Readings will be assigned, and stu- 
dents will be required to report on these readings at each recitation. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

MATHEMATICS 48. 

Spring Semester. Analytic Geometry of Space. In this course spacial 
relations are treated from the analytic point of view. It deals with quadric 
surfaces, envelopes, foci, quadriplanar and tetrahedral co-ordinates, devel- 
opable surfaces, curves in space, curvature of surfaces and higher surfaces. 

Prerequisite: Mathematics 32. 

Credit three semester hours. 

PRACTICAL ARTS. 

PROFESSOR BOWDEN. 

DRAWING 13-14. 

Mechanical Drawing. This course provides a basic treatment of modern 
conventions, theory and practice of Mechanical Drawing. Instruction is 
given in the care and use of instruments, drawing materials and scales, meth- 
ods of procedure in drawing, freehand lettering, geometric drawing, ortho- 
graphic projection, working drawings, tracing and blue printing. 

Prerequisite, High School Algebra and Plane Geometry complete. 

Six hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

DRAWING 23-24. 

Engineering Drawing. Instruction and drafting room practice are given 
in the following: Engineering lettering with copy books; detail of machine 
parts, assembly drawings; systems of dimensioning, bills of material, conven- 
tion, titles; pipes, piping systems; elements of machine design, gears, worms, 
screws, nuts and bolts. Special attention is given to accuracy, neatness and 
rapidity in drafting. 

Prerequisite: Drawing 13-14. 

Six hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

DRAWING 25-26. 

Architectural Drafting. Instruction and drafting practice are given in 
the following: Free hand lettering, symbols for materials used in construc- 
tion, sketching, working drawings, architectural details, floor plans, evalua- 
tions, perspective drawings of both interior and exterior of buildings. 

Prerequisite: Drawing 13-14. 

Six hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

NOTE. — Drawing 23-24 and 25-26 will be given in alternate years. 

SURVEYING 51-52. 
Fall Semester. Plane Surveying. The study of the theory and uses and 
adjustments of the Compass, Level, Transit and Stadia; the computations 



Bulletin of Eton College — Catalogue Number. 87 

of Surveying. Numerous surveys are made, and the student is required to 
make all of the plots and calculations. 

Spiring Semester. Surveying. The Class studies the methods and proper 
conduct of Land, Mine, City, Topographic and Hydrographic Surveying. 
Practical class exercises are given throughout the semester to illustrate the 
work of the entire course. 

Two hours are given to recitations and lectures and four to field work. 

Prerequisites: Mathematics 11-12 and 13-14. 

Open to Sophomores taking two-year course in Engineering. Elective 
by Juniors and Seniors. Not given unless six apply for the course. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 



DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL SCIENCE. 
I.— BIOLOGY. 

PROFESSOR BURROUGHS. 
BIOLOGY 11-12. 

General College Biology. Fall and Spring Semesters. This is an introduc- 
tory course intended for all college students beginning work in Biology. The 
fundamental principles of the science are taught. The broader aspects of 
the subject are emphasized by a correlation of the laboratory data from day 
to day with the underlying principles taught in the class room. Students 
expecting to pursue a medical course are encouraged to take this subject as 
a required prerequisite. All students preparing to teach Science or Biology, 
to enter a dental school, or to study forestry, should pursue the course. 

Lectures and recitations three hours a week, three hours for laboratory. 

Credit eight semester hours. 

Required of all students majoring or minoring in Biology. 

BIOLOGY 21-22. 

Vertebrate Zoology and Comparative Anatomy. Fall and Spring Semesters. 
Intensive study is given to the classification and structure of animals, using 
typical representatives from the most important phyla. Special attention is 
placed on comparative morphology, histology, physiology, development and 
environmental adaptations. By keen observation and critical reasoning the 
student is brought to find the homologies and analogies as found in the dis- 
sections. Prerequisite for medicine, dentistry, forestry, and Science teach- 
ers, as well as for those preparing to pursue advanced work in the field. 

Prerequisite: Biology 11-12. 

Two hours for lectures, four for laboratory. 

Credit eight semester hours. 

Required of all students majoring or minoring in Biology. 

BIOLOGY 23-24. 
Botany. Plant morphology, ecology, physiology, and classification are 
emphasized throughout the year. As a means of studying the conditions 



88 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

under which plants grow, the class must collect, under the direction of the 
instructor, much of the material for study in the laboratory. 

Prerequisite : Biology 11-12. 

Two hours for lectures, four for laboratory. 

Credit eight semester hours. 

BIOLOGY 31-32. 

Bacteriology and Physiology. Morphology, classification, physiology and 
chemistry of bacteria, and introductory studies of disease and immunity are 
covered in the course. The laboratory work consists of the common bacteri- 
ological techniques: staining of bacteria, cultural methods and the analysis 
of milk and water. 

Physiology will be given the second semester. Studies will be made of 
circulation, respiration, digestion, internal secretion, muscle physiology, re- 
production and other physiological processes. Laboratory experiments will 
accompany all phases of the course. 

Prerequisites: Biology 11-12, Chemistry 11-12, Biology 21-22 desirable. 

Required of all students majoring in Biology. 

Two hours for lectures, four hours for laboratory. 

Credit eight semester hours. 

Offered in alternate years. 

BIOLOGY 41-42. 

Histology and Embryology. The first semester wil cons st of a study of 
the microscopical organization of the different tissues and organs of the verte- 
brate body. In addition to the material furnished the student for study, he 
will learn to make slides and will study material that he himself has prepared. 

The second semester will be given over to Embryology. Most of the 
course will be devoted to a study of the development of the tissues and or- 
gans of the frog and chick, although some work will be done on the mammal. 

Prerequisites: Biology 11-12, 21-22. 

Required of al students majoring in Biology. 

Two hours for lectures, four hours for laboratory. 

Credit eight semester hours. 

Offered in alternate years. Not offered in 1937-38. 

BIOLOGY,44. 

Parasitology. The work will consist of lectures and laboratory work on 
animal parasites. Life histories of various parasites as well as the means of 
collecting and.mounting them will be emphasized. 

Prerequisites: Biology 11-12, 21-22. 

Elective for students majoring in Biology. 

Two hours for lectures, four hours for laboratory. 

Credit eight semester hours. 

Not offered 1937-38. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 89 

BIOLOGY 46. 

Teachers 1 Course. This course is designed to stress the nature study 
idea and at the same time to train the prospective teachers of Biology in 
raising their own cultures, preserving the materials for class-work, arranging 
courses, and organizing their work by approved laboratory methods. The 
course runs for only one semester. 

Prerequisites, Biology 11-12, 21-22 and 31-32 or 41-42. 

Credit four semester hours. 

Required of all students majoring in Biology, and those who are intend- 
ing to teach Biology in the high school. 

II.— CHEMISTRY. 

PROFESSOR BRANNOCK. 

CHEMISTRY 11-12. 

General Chemistry. In this course the fundamental principles of inor- 
ganic, organic, physical, and experimental chemistry are thoroughly taught. 
The course runs in two sections, one for those who have had high school 
chemistry, the other for those beginning the subject. Each student is re- 
quired to keep a note book in which he must record his experimental work. 

Three hours a week devoted to lectures and recitations, three hours a 
week to laboratory work. Credit eight semester hours. 

CHEMISTRY 21-22. 

Advanced Inorganic Chemistry and Qualitative Analysis. This course em- 
braces a more thorough knowledge of the elements, especially the metals, 
than Chemistry 11-12. Also the following physical chemical topics are de- 
veloped: the kinetic-molecular hypothesis, solutions, electrolysis, the chem- 
ical behavior of ionic substances, chemical equilibrium and electro-motive 
chemistry. The laboratory work is in qualitative analysis. 

Three hours a week devoted to lectures and recitations, three hours to 
laboratory work. Credit eight semester hours. 

CHEMISTRY 31-32. 

Organic Chemistry. The work in this course is devoted to the study and 
preparation of organic compounds, including both the aliphatic and the aro- 
matic series: hydrocarbons of the methane series, alcohols, organic acids, 
ethers, anhydrides, esters, aldehydes, ketones, amines, amides, halogen com- 
pounds, cyanogen, carbohydrates, cylic hydrocarbons, dyes and proteins. 

The laboratory work consists not only in the methods of preparation and 
purification of compounds, but also in methods of arriving at their structures. 

Three hours a week devoted to lectures and recitations, three hours to 
laboratory work. Credit eight semester hours. 

CHEMISTRY 41-42. 
Quantitative Analysis. The lectures and recitations include the discus- 
sion of the methods used in the laboratory and the chemical calculations. 



90 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

The laboratory work consists in simple introductory determinations in grav- 
imetric and volumetric methods of analysis. Pure salts of known composi- 
tion are first analyzed, followed by unknown specimens consisting of pure 
salts or mixtures of pure salts. In this way the student is prepared to analyze 
more difficult substances, including both knowns and unknowns. 

One hour a week devoted to lectures and recitations, six hours to lab- 
oratory work. Credit eight semester hours. 

CHEMISTRY 45-46. 

The Teaching of Chemistry. The main purpose of this course is to pre- 
sent the modern theory and methods of teaching chemistry. 

CHEMISTRY 47-48. 

Physical Chemistry. The work in this course embraces the laws govern- 
ing chemical phenomena. The topics considered are the gaseous state, the 
liquid state, the solid state, solutions, the phase rule, therino-chemistry, 
chemical change, and electro-chemistry. The student is required to solve 
various problems based on the above topics. This course is designed for 
students doing advanced work in chemistry. 

Three hours a week to lectures and recitations. Credit six semester hours. 

CHEMISTRY 51-52. 

Physiological Chemistry. The subjects discussed are: enzymes, carbo- 
hydrates, fats, proteins, digestion, blood and lymph, respiration and acidosis, 
metabolism, and accessory foods. 

One hour a week devoted to lectures and six to laboratory work. 

Credit eight semester hours. 

CHEMISTRY 53-54. 

Industrial Chemistry. In this course the following subjects are discussed: 
water, fuels, destructive distillation, alkalies and hydrochloric acid, iron and 
steel, packing house industries, cottonseed oil products, leather, soap, cement, 
paper, paints and clay products. This course can be varied to meet the 
needs of the individual student. 

Three hours a week. Credit six semester hours. 

HI.— GEOGRAPHY. 

PROFESSOR HOOK. 

GEOGRAPHY 21. 

Fall Semester. Principles of Geography. A study of the principles of 
physiography and the major geographical factors in determining the distri- 
bution of population, occupations, and modes of life. The effects of climatic 
and economic conditions on the peoples of the world will be stressed. Prac- 
tical work in the study of maps and reports will be included in the course. 

Three hoars per week. Credit three semester hours. 



Bulletin of Eton College — Catalogue Number. 91 

GEOGRAPHY 22. 

Spring Semester. Geography of North America. A study of the geograph- 
ical regions of the continent, climate, industries, natural resources, and the 
human responses to the geographic conditions; the growth of cities, develop- 
ment of trade and the geographical influences in the development of the 
United States. 

Three hours per week. Credit three semester hours. 

IV.— GEOLOGY. 

GEOLOGY 11-12. 

General Geology. The first semester will be devoted to physical and dy- 
namical geology. The laboratory work consists of frequent field excursions, 
a study of the common rocks and minerals, and map interpretations. 

The second semester consists of a study of the fossils, both plant and 
animal, which are found in the different geological strata. The laboratory 
work will deal with the numerous fossils and casts of important fossils, of 
which the department has a good collection. 

Two hours of lectures, two hours of laboratory. 

Credit six semester houis. 

V.— PHYSICS. 

PROFESSOR HOOK. 
PHYSICS 11-12. 

Introductory Physics. This course embraces the study of mechanics, 
heat, sound, light, and electricity. There will be numerous examples and ex- 
periments given throughout the entire course with a view to rendering it 
practical. The course is planned to impart training in the manipulation of 
instruments employed in physical investigation, to teach the student to 
make accurate measurements and give practice in properly recording and 
reducing experimental data. The course is designed for those students who 
are pursuing a liberal arts education. 

Three hours a week devoted to lectures and recitations, four hours to 
laboratory. Credit eight semester hours. 

PHYSICS 13-14. 

General Physics. This course covers the same topics as Physics 11-21 
but requires more mathematics. It is open to students who are pursuing 
engineering and professional courses. 

Prerequisite: Mathematics 11-12. 

Three hours a week devoted to lectures and recitations, four hours to 
laboratory. Credit eight semester hours. 

PHYSICS 16. 
Household Physics. This course is open to all women students who de- 
sire a short course in physics. It meets the certificate requirements for 
Home Economics majors. 



92 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

Three hours a week devoted to lectures, demonstrations and recitations, 
four hours to laboratory. Credit four semester hours. 

Not offered in 1937-38. 

PHYSICS 21-22. 

Intermediate Physics. This course is intended for those who expect to teach 
Physics or pursue engineering courses. It is a survey course in Modern Phys- 
ics. 

Prerequisites: Physics 11-12, Mathematics 11-12. 

Three hours a week devoted to lectures and recitations, four hours to 
laboratory. Credit eight semester hours. 

PHYSICS 31-32. 
Electricity and Magnetism. This course is designed to give the earnest 
student a comprehensive knowledge of electricity and its application to in- 
dustry. 

Prerequisites: Physics 11-12, and Mathematics 11-12. 
Three hours devoted to lectures and recitations, and four to laboratory 
work. Credit eight semester hours. 

PHYSICS 33-34. 

Light and Sound. This course is given to those students who desire an 
accurate and comprehensive knowledge of Geometrical and Physical Optics, 
and the fundamentals of Acoustics. 

Fall Semester. Fundamental Properties of Light, Application of the 
Laws of Reflection, Application of the Laws of Refraction, Dispersion and 
Chromatic Aberration, Optical Constants of Mirrors and Lenses, Spherical 
Aberration and Allied Phenomena, Refraction of Axial Pencils by a Thick 
Lens, the Eye, Vision through a Lens, Optical Instruments and Appliances. 

Spring Semester. Velocity of Light. Vibrations and Waves, the Wave 
Theory of Light, Radiation, Absorption, Dispersion, Interference, Diffrac- 
tion, Polarization, Double Refraction, Theories of Reflection and Refraction, 
Colors of Crystalline Ptetes, Photography. 

Sound. The nature of Sound and its Chief Characteristics, the Velocity 
of Sound in the Air and other Media, Reflection and Refraction of Sound, 
Frequency and Pitch of Notes, Resonance and Forced Oscillations, Analysis 
of Vibrations, the Transverse Vibrations of Stretched Strings or Wires, Pipe 
and other Air Cavities, Rods, Plates, Membranes, Vibrations Maintained by 
Heat — Sensitive Flames and Sets, Musical Sound, the Superposition of 
Waves. 

Prerequisites: Physics 11-12 and Mathematics 11-12. 

Three hours a week devoted to lectures and recitations and four hours 
to assigned laboratory work. Credit eight semester hours. 

PHYSICS 41-42. 
Mechanics and Heat. This course is designed for those who expect to 
pursue courses in Mechanical Engineering or Civil Engineering. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 93 

Fall Semester. Mechanics. The Composition and Resolution of Forces 
acting on a Particle, Statics of a Particle, Forces acting on a Rigid Body, 
Vectors, Statics of a Rigid Body, the Center of Gravity, Friction, Flexible 
Cords, Kinetics of a Particle, Motion of a Particle in a Plane Curve, Work 
and Energy, Constrained Motion, Impulse — Collision of Spheres, the Mo- 
ment of Inertia, the Dynamics of a Rigid Body, Kinetic Friction, etc. 

Spring Semester. Heat. Thermometry, Calorimetry, Measurement of 
Internal Fires and their Effects, Lines of Equal Temperance on the Indica- 
tor Diagram, Adiabatic Lines, Heat Engines, Relations between the Physical 
Properties of a Substance. Latent Heat, Thermodynamics of Gases, the In- 
trinsic Energy of a System of Bodies. Free Expansion, Determination of 
Heights by the Barometer, Radiation, Connection Cm-rents, the Diffusion 
of Heat by Conduction, Diffusion of Fluids, Capillarity, Elasticity, and Vis- 
cosity, Molecular Theory of the Constitution of Bodies, Ventilation and 
Central Heating Systems, etc. 

Prerequisites: Physics 11-12 and Mathematics 11-12. 

Three hours devoted to lectures and recitations, and four hours to lab- 
oratory work. Credit eight semester hours. 

PHYSICS 45. 

Materials and Methods. This course is designed for those who are pre- 
paring to teach Physics or General Science in the Secondary Schools. 

Credit three semester hours. 

PHYSICAL LABORATORY. 

The Physical Laboratory is located in the Duke Building. It is equipped 
with modern apparatus of a high grade. The student is required to keep a 
neat and accurate record of experiments performed. Two students are al- 
lowed to work together on such experiments as require two observers. 

Among the apparatus in the electrical department may be mentioned : 
direct current motors, generators, alternating current motors, generators, 
supply circidts, sensitive galvanometers, Wheatstone bridges, rheostats, con- 
densers, ammeters, voltmeters, standard resistance boxes, storage tells, trans- 
formers, circuits for direct and alternating currents, lanterns, accessory ap- 
paratus for determination of current, potential resistance, capacity, induction, 
wave form, and magnetic properties. 

Students desiring work in radioactivity will have the use of the X-ray 
apparatus. 

The mechanical department is equipped with the necessary tools and 
power for performing experiments, constructing apparatus and making tests. 
Other departments are similarly equipped. 



94 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY 

PROFESSOR BOWDEN. 
PROFESSOR MESSICK. 

PSYCHOLOGY 21. 

Fall Semester. — General Psychology. An introductory course in hu- 
man psychology is given for the purpose of introducing the student to the 
fundamental principles of mental life and to orientate him in the modern 
world. Emphasis is placed upon the various forms of human behavior, the 
responses of the individual to various stimuli, and the many factors that 
enter into the making of human personality. Attention is directed to the 
modern mind in its relationship to the modern world. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

PROFESSOR BOWDEN. 

PSYCHOLOGY 22. 

Spring Semester. — The Psychology of Childhood. The object of this course 
is to obtain a more nearly complete understanding of the child life and of the 
methods of dealing with the same. It will be a study of the moral, mental, 
physical, social and emotional developments and their inter-relationships. 

Prerequisite: Psychology 21. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

PROFESSOR MESSICK. 

PSYCHOLOGY 24. 

Spring Semester. Social Psychology. This course will treat the following 
subjects: The nature of personality, the "abnormalities" which constitute 
the "normal" person, the psychology of adolescence and of adulthood, the 
psychology of religion, of social organization, and of social progress. 

Prerequisite, Psychology 21. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

PROFESSOR BOWDEN. 

EDUCATION 31. 

Educational Psychology. Spring Semester. 

Aim: To give the student a working knowledge and skill in the applica- 
tion of psychological principles of the learning processes. 

Topics: Inherited tendencies, laws of learning, methods of teaching, 
habit formation, individual differences, formation of correct ideals and atti- 
tudes, etc. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester ho\irs. 

Prerequisite, Psychology 21. PROFESSOR BOWDEN. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 95 

DEPARTMENT OF PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGION. 

PROFESSOR NEWMAN. 
PROFESSOR BOWDEN. 
PROFESSOR FRENCH. 

PHILOSOPHY. 

PHILOSOPHY 21-22. 

Introduction to Philosophy. This course will serve as an introductory 
study of the basic philosophical problems, treating such questions as the fol- 
lowing: What is reality? What is the basis for values? What is conscious- 
ness? Is knowledge possible? How distinguish truth from error? Is the 
world a machine? Has the world a purpose? What are the relations of re- 
ligion and science to life? Etc. 

Three hours per week throughout the year. Credit six semester hours. 

PROFESSOR BOWDEN. 

PHILOSOPHY 31-32. 

The History of Philosophy. This is a survey course, tracing the history 
of philosophy from its early beginnings with the Greeks to the Nineteenth 
Century German Philosophy. The course will include the pre-Socratic phil- 
osophers, the Sophists, Plato, Aristotle, Early Christian and Scholastic Phil- 
osophy, Seventeenth Century Rationalists, English Empiricists, Kant, Hegel, 
and subsequent German Idealism. Students will read from original sources 
and from modern commentators. 

Three hours per week throughout the year. Credit six semester hours. 

Prerequisite, Philosophy 21-22. 

Not offered in 1937-'38. PROFESSOR BOWDEN. 

PHILOSOPHY 33-34. 

Philosophy of Religion. This course is announced and described under 
Religion 33-34, but may be used for credit toward a major in the field of 
Philosophy. PROFESSOR BOWDEN. 

PHILOSOPHY 35. 

Fall Semester. Ethics. This course will include a study of the early be- 
ginnings and the growth of morality, showing the development of customs 
and social organization, the psychological aspects of morality, some modern 
systems of ethics, and the application of ethical theory to some modern 
world-problems . 

Three hours per week, first semester. Credit three semester hours. 

PROFESSOR BOWDEN. 

Not offered 1937-'38. 



96 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

PHILOSOPHY 36. 

Spring Semester. Logic. This course is an investigation of the conditions 
under which thinking proceeds, the elements of formal logic, induction, and 
scientific method. 

Three hours per week, second semester. Credit three semester hours. 

Not offered in 1937-'38. PROFESSOR BOWDEN. 

PHILOSOPHY 41-42. 

Seminar in Contemporary Philosophy. Students in this seminar will read 
the principal works of one or more of the leading contemporary philosophers, 
such as Whitehead, Bergson, Samuel Alexander, Dewey, or Santayana. The 
meetings of the seminar will be devoted to reports and discussions of the 
material read. 

Prerequisites, Philosophy 21-22 and Phiosophy 31-32. 

Two hours, once a week, throughout the year. Credit six semester hours. 

Not offered in 1937-'38. PROFESSOR BOWDEN. 

RELIGION COURSES. 

RELIGION 11-12. 
Introduction to the Study of the Bible. It is the aim of this course to ac- 
quaint the student with the Bible itself, and to give an historical account 
of the rise of Hebrew and Jewish religious literature, the Christian Church 
and its literature. Each book of the Bible is treated in its broader outlines 
with special emphasis on the situations that produced the various documents 
and books. 

Three hours per week throughout the year. Credit six semester hours. 

PROFESSOR FRENCH. 

RELIGION 21-22. 

New Testament History and Literature. This course wil 1 open with a 
brief survey of the religious experience of the Hebrew prophets. The social, 
religious and political situation in Palestine will be investigated. The course 
will deal with the historical bases for our knowledge of the religious experi- 
ence character, teaching and dynamic faith of Jesus. It will take into ac- 
count the impact of his life and teaching, the development of the Christian 
Church in Palestine, and of its spread from Jerusalem to Rome. 

Three hours per week throughout the year. Credit six semester hours. 

PROFESSOR FRENCH. 

RELIGION 31-32. 
Old Testament History and Literature. This course will trace the histor- 
ical development of the literature of the Old Testament. The early poems, 
narratives and laws will be examined in order to understand and appreciate 
the religious and social life of the earliest period. Special attention will be 
given to a study of the growth of the Hebrew monarchy and the ethical, 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 97 

political and religious contributions of the literary prophets. The student 
will read extensive portions of the Psalms, the Wisdom Literature and the 
Apocalyptic material, and will be given a brief survey of the Apocrypha. 
Three hours per week throughout the year. Credit six semester hours. 

PROFESSOR FRENCH. 

RELIGION 33-34. 

Philosophy of Religion. This course will treat of the following subjects: 
The origin and development of religious belief from primitive times to the 
present day, a survey of the classical religions — Hinduism, Buddhism, Con- 
fucianism, Mohammedanism, etc. — a detailed history of Christianity, and 
the influence of scientific inquiry, Biblical criticism and modern psychology 
upon religious belief. The latter portion of the course will be given to the 
development of a constructive philosophy of religion and of life, with special 
attention to the problems of religious belief in a scientific age. 

Three hours per week throughout the year. Credit six semester hours. 

PROFESSOR BOWDEN. 

NOTE. — A student wishing to take a major in Philosophy will be given 
full credit for this course under the head of Philosophy instead of Religion. 

RELIGION 41-42. 

Bible Seminar. The first semester of this seminar will be given to a spe- 
cial study in some field of the Old Testament, such as, archaeology, hexa- 
teuchal synopsis, the law codes of the Old Testament, or Hellenic Judaism. 

The second semester will be devoted to a study of some special field of 
the New Testament, such as, the synoptic problem, the Johannine problem, 
St. Paul, the Messianic consciousness of Jesus, etc. 

Prereqmsites, Religion 21-22 and Religion 31-32. 

Two hours, once a week, throughout the year. 

Credit three semester hours for each semester. 

Not offered 1937-38. 

PROFESSOR FRENCH. 

RELIGION 43-44. 

Seminar in Religion and Modern Social Problems. The purpose of this 
seminar is that of acquainting students with a few of the basic social prob- 
lems, in the light of their religious, ethical and social implications. Each 
student will pursue one or more projects during the year, which involve the 
investigation of some particular social situation in which he is interested. 
Meetings of the seminar will be given to reports of those projects and to 
brief reports on outstanding current events which seem to have important 
social implications. 

Two hours, once a week, throughout the year. 

Credit three semester hours for each semester. 

PROFESSOR BOWDEN. 



98 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

RELIGION 51-52. 

Greek New Testament. The study of a grammar of New Testament 
Greek. Readings in the Greek New Testament. Problems and methods of 
exegesis. Textual problems. 

Open only to Juniors and Seniors who have sufficient knowledge of Greek 
to pursue the course profitably. 

Three hours per week. Credit six semester hours. 

PROFESSOR NEWMAN. 

RELIGION 53-54. 

Old Testament Hebrew. The study of Harper's Elements of Hebrew, He- 
brew Method and Manual, Hebrew Vocabulary, readings in the Hebrew Old 
testament; problems and methods of exegesis; Hebrew poetry; textual prob- 
lems. 

Open only to Juniors and Seniors and ministerial students. 

Three hours per week. Credit six semester hours. 

PROFESSOR FRENCH. 



Special Departments of the College. 



DEPARTMENT OF ART. 

MISS NEWMAN. 

A thorough course of instruction in Drawing, Painting, Art 
Structure and History of Art is given to those who desire to de- 
vote themselves to the study of Art. 

A period of three years is required for a certificate and four 
years for a diploma. Advanced credit will be given for work 
done only in approved institutions. Students taking this course 
are required to spend twelve hours a week at work in the studio. 

An annual exhibition will be held during Commencement. 

ART 11-12. 

Freehand drawing in charcoal from still-life, geometrical solids and casts. 
linear and angular perspective. Study of light and shade. Flat washes in 
water color and monochrome painting. Color sketches from still-life, pastel 
painting, lettering and designing, clay modeling and pottery. Structure. 

ART 21-22. 
Drawing from charcoal from still-life, also heads, hands, features, etc., 
from casts. Water colors from still-life. Painting in oils, pastels and water 
colors, from still-life. Illustration, wash drawings in water color. Principles 
of color. Technical terms, etc. History of art. Pen and ink drawings. Design- 
ing. Structure. 

ART 24. 

Industrial Arts for Elementary Grades. This course deals with methods 
and materials used in the study of industrial arts for primary and grammar 
grades. Students will receive instruction in color theory, weaving, modeling, 
construction work, posters, book-binding, block printing, and projects for 
history and geography classes. 

The subject matter will be creative and illustrative, centered about the 
child, his interests and needs, covering the general objects of Art Education. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

Required of Juniors or seniors for Primary and Grammar Certificate. 

Given in alternating years with Art 24-a. 

ART 24-A. 
Elementary Drawing. This course is to give an appreciation and work- 
ing knowledge of the principles of drawing necessary to the child in the pri« 
mary and elementary school. Each grade is studied separately. The course 



100 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

includes color design, drawing and painting from life or geometric forms, 
illustrations, posters and printing. 

Picture study is included in this course. Special consideration will be 
given art activities for the child in the home, the school, the community, and 
to developing his creative abilities. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

Required of Juniors or Seniors for Primary and Grammar Certificate. 

Given in alternating years with Art 24. 

ART 31-32. 
Drawing from draped model and still-life. Portraiture in crayon and 
oils. Composition. Anatomy. Landscape painting. Theory of color. Pro- 
cesses of reproduction. History of Art. Mythology. Designing. Pastel 
Painting. Copying of old masters. Structure. 

SKETCH CLASS. 
From model in any medium, pencil, out-of-door work. 
Two hours each week. 

NORMAL TRAINING. 

A three years' course in training teachers for public and private schools. 
Certificates are given for satisfactory completion of the following course: 

Drawing and painting from costumed models, birds, animals, flowers. 
Landscape and still-life painting. Illustration. Decorative and applied art. 
Theory and practice of design in line, mass and color. Composition — picto- 
rial and decorative. History of Art. Geometric drawings — perspective and 
projection. Handicrafts — basketry, leather, block printing and stenciling. 
Paper cutting, book binding, home decoration, clay modeling. 

CHINA PAINTING. 

The methods of best known teachers in New York and Dresden are 
taught. The latest development of this art is carefully studied and pupils 
will have the advantage of designs of the highest order of artistic merit, in- 
cluding originals by foremost designers for china in America. 

I. Tinting, (a) La Croix colors; (b) matt colors; (c) powder colors. 

II. Flower Painting. (a) After designs of Edward Reeves and Marshall 
Fray; (b) Dresden colors — Herr Lamm. 

III. Figure Painting, (a) La Croix; (b) Dresden — Herr Till. 

IV. Ornamental Work, (a) Raised Paste and Gold; (b) Enamels; (c) 
Jewels, etc., on hard china, satsuma, Belleek, and Sedji. 

HISTORY OF ART. 
1. History of architecture and sculpture — Egyptian, Assyrian, Greek and 
Roman, Christian, Byzantian, Romanesque and Renaissance. 
1. Modern sculpture; painting; ceramics. 
^ Appreciation of Art. 
Class topics s,nd references. Required of certificate and diploma pupils. 

NOTE. — Art must be pursued for three years to be credited as a minor. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 101 

PHILOSOPHY 51. 

Survey of the Arts. A survey of the history and various theories of Aes- 
thetics, analysis and comparison of the various arts, a brief parallel history 
of painting, sculpture, architecture, and music, from their beginnings to the 
present. This course is intended primarily for those students who desire a 
cultural and appreciative approach to the various fields of art. 

Open only to Juniors and Seniors. Three hours a week. 



DEPARTMENT OF EXPRESSION. 

MISS CHILDS. 

EXPRESSION 11-12. 

Some topics considered will be: Tone Production, establishment of 
ideals for the speaking voice. Physiology of Voice, proper adjustment of the 
vocal organs, placement and direction of tone, ear training, breath control, 
accuracy of speech. Attention directed to facility in word grouping and 
phrase accent. The body as a medium of expression. Material: Lyric poet- 
ry, prose selections. 

Two semester hours credit. 

EXPRESSION 21-22. 

Quality of tone, modulation, resonance, tone color, strengthening of vo- 
cal apparatus, fundamental principles of vocal interpretation of literature. 
Bodily expression continued; cultivation of general physical response to sen- 
sation, thought and emotion. Original pantomimic problems. 

Two semester hours credit. 

EXPRESSION 31-32. 
Power of Voice. Brilliancy. Drama. Characterization. Scene practice. 
Detailed study of Pantomime. Public recital. 
Two semester hours credit. 

EXPRESSION 41-42. 

Sources of plays are studied, and readings and stories from classics and 
modern literature are given. The student is required to present a satisfac- 
tory notebook of four years' work. A three-act play is rendered in Public 
Recital. Throughout the course, students, as members of "The Playmakers 
of Elon College," take part in plays presented by that organization. 

Two semester hours credit. 

PLAY PRODUCTION. 

A course for students interested in directing plays. Includes a study of 
the play from the director's standpoint; stage principles; the stage itself, its 
setting and lighting; the making of stage models, etc. 

One semester. Three hours a week. No College credit given. 



102 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

MAKE-UP. 

Reasons for using make-up. Materials necessary. Methods of applica- 
tion. Text: "The Art of Make-up," by Heena Chalmers. 

One semester. Three hours a week. Laboratory course. No College 
credit given. 

NOTE. — To count as a minor, Expression must be pursued for three 
years, also English 35-36. A certificate is given at the completion of three 
years' work, and a diploma at the completion of the fourth year. 

For further requirements see Degrees, Honors, Certificates, and Course 
of Study, pages 35 and 56. 



DEPARTMENT OF HOME ECONOMICS. 

MISS HOWARD. 

HOME ECONOMICS 11-12. 

Fall and Spring Semesters. Food Preparation and Service. The general 
principles of cookery applied to the preparation of different types of foods. 
A study of the composition, selection, care, and preparation of foods is co- 
ordinated with a study of their nutritive value and digestion. Planning of 
menus, cooking and serving of breakfast, luncheon, and dinner. 

Lectures one hour a week, laboratory four hours a week. Continued 
throughout the year. Credit six semester hours. 

HOME ECONOMICS 13-14. 

Fall and Spring Semesters. Clothing and Textiles. This course is a study 
of textiles and problems of clothing selection and construction, including the 
use and alteration of commercial patterns, the drafting of patterns, and the 
appropriate use of fabrics. 

Lectures one hour a week, laboratory four hours a week. Continued 
throughout the year. Credit six semester hours. 

HOME ECONOMICS 31. 

Fall Semester. Home Nursing, Child Care. This course is required of 
Home Economics majors, but is open to students of other departments. In- 
cluded in it is home care of the sick, first aid, and practical experience in the 
care of pre-school age children. 

Lectures three hours a week with laboratory work. 

Credit three semester hours. 

HOME ECONOMICS 32. 

Spring Semester. Home Planning and Furnishing. A study of line, form 
and color, as applied to planning, decorating and furnishing a home. A sur- 
vey is made of different types of arts and crafts, followed by a study of furn- 
iture, upholstery, rugs, tapestries, draperies, household linens, glass, silver, 
pewter and Jchina. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 103 

Lectures one hour a week, laboratory four hours a week. Credit three 
semester hours. 

Open to any student, but required of Home Economics majors. 

HOME ECONOMICS 33. 

Fall Semester. Nutrition. This course deals with the fundamental scien- 
tific principles of human nutrition and their application to the feeding of a 
family of varying ages. 

Three recitation hours per week. Credit three semester hours. 

Prerequisites, Home Economics 11-12, Chemistry 11-12. 

HOME ECONOMICS 34. 

Spring Semester. Dietetics. Normal diets for children and adults will 
be studied, also diets in disease. Special attention will be given to diets on 
varying incomes. 

Lectures one hour a week, laboratory four hours a week. 

Credit three semester hours. 

Prerequisite, Home Economics 33. 

HOME ECONOMICS 41. 

Economics of the Home. A study o ( the science and art of a planned 
family living. This course stresses general policies for the use of time, ener- 
gy, money and property. 

Three recitation hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

HOME ECONOMICS 42. 

Spring Semester. Home Management. This course deals with the ad- 
justment of the home to changed social and economic conditions, civic re- 
sponsibilities of the home, the organization and efficient handling of home 
industries, household accounts and the family budget. 

Each student is required to live in the practice house at least six weeks, 
otherwise no credit is given for this course. 

Two recitations per week and laboratory work in the practice house. 

Credit three semester hours. 

HOME ECONOMICS 43. 

Fall Semester. Costume and Design. A study of art principles and color 
harmonies applied to the original designing of costumes in pencil drawing 
and crayons. A survey is made of historic costumes from ancient times 
to modern, thus giving a background knowledge from which to draw and 
create new designs. 

Lectures one hour a week, laboratory four hours a week. Credit three 
semester hours. 

HOME ECONOMICS 44. 

Spring Semester. Advanced Clothing. This course deals with the con- 
struction of garments from different materials; accessories to complete the 
costume; economics of textile purchasing. 



104 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

Lecture one hour a week, laboratory hour hours a week. 
Credit three semester hours. 
Prerequisites, Home Economics 13, 14, 43. 

HOME ECONOMICS 45. 

Fall Semester. Materials and Methods for Teaching Home Economics in 
Secondary Schools. The purpose of this course is to acquaint the student 
with the essentials of good Home Economics teaching in all types of secon- 
dary schools. It includes a study of (1 ) the development of Home Econom- 
ics, (2) organization and content of course of study, (3) leaders in the work 
of Home Economics, (4) relation of Home Economics to other subjects in 
high school curricula, (5) planning and presentation of lessons, (6) texts, 
reference books and magazines, (7) place of Home Economics teachers in 
the community. 

Lectures three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 



CONSERVATORY OF MUSIC. 

PROFESSOR BARBE, Piano, Organ and Theory. 

MISS CHAMBLEE, Voice. 

MR. MOORE, Piano, Organ and Theory. 

MRS. TEETER, Violin. 

MR. WALKER, Band and Orchestra. 

The Conservatory of Music has a fourfold purpose: first, to 
provide for those wishing to make music their profession, a com- 
prehensive foundation, either for teaching or performing; second, 
to offer to the general student body courses in music theory and 
practical music; third, to afford to students opportunities for 
musical growth by participating in the concerted performance of 
the best in music; fourth, to provide the music in the college 
church, chapel services, and in other places in the college and 
surrounding communities where music may be desired. 

Equipment. — Whitley Memorial Auditorium, the home of the 
Department of Music, is a spacious, modern building, well heated, 
lighted and ventilated. In it are located three floors of class 
rooms, teachers' studios and practice rooms. The auditorium 
proper contains a four-manual Skinner organ and a Mason and 
Hamlin concert grand piano. In the building is also a two-man- 
ual Estey practice organ. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 105 

General Information. 

The work offered by the Conservatory of Music is intended 
to serve three general needs: first, to provide for those major- 
ing in music theory courses and applied music leading to the 
B. Mus. Degree; second to make available to the general student 
body courses in music theory, and lessons in applied music, grant- 
ing regular credit toward the Bachelor of Arts degree, with college 
credit; third, to offer lessons in applied music to all special stu- 
dents, i. e. those persons, either children or adults, not enrolled 
as regular students of the college. 

The Conservatory is fully equipped and accredited, and of- 
the Degree of Mus. B. in Piano, Organ, Voice, Composition, Or- 
chestral Instruments, and Public School Music. 

The following is a resume of the curricula, together with the 
outline of the requirements leading to each degree: 

Music 11-12 Applied Harmony and Dictation. 

Music 13-14 Ear Training and Sight Singing. 

Music 15-16 Eurythmics. 

Music 17-18-19. . .Applied Music. 

Music 21-22 Advanced Harmony and Improvision. 

Music 23-24 Beginning and Strict Counterpoint. 

Music 25-26 History and Appreciation of Music. 

Music 27-28-29. . .Applied Music. 

Music 31-32 Form and Analysis. 

Music 33-34 Instrumentation and Orchestration. 

Music 35-36 Choral Methods. 

Music 37-38-39. . . Applied Music. 

Music 41-42 Composition. 

Music 43-44 Conducting. 

Music 45-46 Methods in School Music. 

Music 47-48-49. . . Applied Music. 

Electives — 

Music 51-52 Hymnology. 

Music 53-54 Methods in Piano. 

Music 55 Vocal Methods. 

Music 61 Beginning Methods in School Music. 

Music 62 Practice Teaching. 

Music 63-64 Bach Seminar. 

Music 65 Repertoire. 

Graduate Courses — 

Music 101-102 Pre-Bach Music. 

Music 103-104 Advanced Counterpoint. 



106 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 



Music 105-106 Operatic Survey. 

Music 107-108 Survey and Research. 

Music 109-110 Wagnerian Epoch. 

Music 111112 Advanced Instrumentation and Orchestration. 

Music 113-114 Proolems in Musical Education. 

Music 115-116 Composition and Creative Music. 

Music 117 Modernism in Music. 

Music 118-119-120. .Applied Music (Graduate Work). 

Bachelor of Music in Organ. 



FRESHMAN. 

Hours. 

English 11-12 6 

Language 11-12 6 

Music 11-12 6 

Music 13-14 4 

Music 15-16 2 

Music 17-18-19 6 



SOPHOMORE. 

Hours. 

English 35-36 6 

Language 21-22 6 

Music 21-22 6 

Music 23-34 4 

Music 25-26 4 

Music 27-28-29 6 



30 
JUNIOR. 

Religion 31-32 6 

Language 31-32 6 

Music 31-32 4 

Music 51-52 4 

Music 35-36 2 

Music 37-38-39 6 

Music Electives 4 



32 



32 
SENIOR. 

Education or Drama 3 

Academic Electives 9 

Music 41-42 4 

Music 43-44 4 

Music 63-64 4 

Music 47-48-49 6 



30 



FRESHMAN. 

Hours. 

English 11-12 6 

Language 11-12 6 

Music 11-12 6 

Music 13-14 4 

Music 15-16 2 

Music 17-18-19 6 



Bachelor of Music in Composition. 

SOPHOMORE. 



Hours. 

English 21-22 6 

Language 21-22 6 

Music 21-22 6 

Music 23-34 4 

Music 25-26 4 

Music 27-28-29 6 



30 
JUNIOR. 

Religion 31-32 6 

Survey of Literature 6 

Music 31-32 4 



32 
SENIOR. 

Academic Electives 9 

Music 41-42 4 

Music 43-44 4 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 



107 



Music 33-34 4 

Music 37-38-39 6 

Music Electives 4 



Music Electives 4 

Music 63-64 4 

Music 47-48-49 6 



32 

Bachelor of Music in Piano. 



30 



FRESHMAN. 

Hours. 

English 11-12 6 

Language 11-12 6 

Music 11-12 6 

Music 13-14 4 

Music 15-16 2 

Music 17-18-19 6 



SOPHOMORE. 

Hours 

English 21-22 6 

Language 21-22 6 

Music 21-22 6 

Music 23-34 4 

Music 25-26 4 

Music 27-28-29 6 



30 
JUNIOR. 

Hours. 

Religion 31-32 6 

Language 31-32 6 

Music 31-32 4 

Music 53-54 2 

Music 37-38-39 6 

Music Electives 4 



32 
SENIOR. 

Hours. 

Academic Electives 12 

Music Electives 8 

Music 41-42 4 

Music 47-48-49 6 



30 



32 



Bachelor of Music in Any Orchestral Instrument. 



FRESHMAN. 

Hours. 

English 11-12 6 

Language 11-12 6 

Music 11-12 6 

Music 13-14 4 

Music 15-16 2 

Music 17-18-19 6 



SOPHOMORE. 

Hours 

English Electives 6 

Language 21-22 6 

Music 21-22 6 

Music 23-34 4 

Music 25-26 4 

Music 27-28-29 6 



30 
JUNIOR, 

Religion 31-32 6 

Language 31-32 6 

Music 31-32 4 

Music 33-34 2 

Music 37-38-39 6 

Music Electives 4 



32 



32 
SENIOR. 

Academic Electives 12 

Music Electives 4 

Music 41-42 4 

Music 43-44 4 

Music 47-48-49 6 

30 



108 



Bulletin of Eton College— Catalogue Number, 



Bachelor of Music in Voice. 



FRESHMAN. 

Hours. 

English 11-12 6 

Language 11-12 6 

Music 11-12 6 

Music 13-14 4 

Music 15-16 2 

Music 17-18-19 6 



SOPHOMORE. 

Hours. 

English 35-36 6 

Language 21-22 6 

Music 21-22 6 

Music 23-34 4 

Music 25-26 4 

Music 27-28-29 6 



30 



JUNIOR. 



32 



SENIOR. 



Religion 31-32 6 

Language 31-32 6 

Music 31-32 4 

Music 55 2 

Music 37-38-39 6 

Music Electives 4 



32 



Academic Electives 12 

Music Electives 5 

Music 41-42 4 

Music 65 3 

Music 47-48-49 6 



30 



Bachelor of Music in Public School Music. 



FRESHMAN. 

Hows. 

English 11-12 6 

Language 11-12 6 

Music 11-12 6 

Music 13-14 4 

Music 15-16 2 

Music 17-18-19 6 



SOPHOMORE. 

Hours. 

English 21-22 6 

Language 21-22 6 

General and Educ. Psychology ... 6 

Music 21-22 6 

Music 23-34 4 

Music 27-28-29 6 



30 
JUNIOR. 

Hours. 

English 33-34 6 

Religion 31-32 6 

Principles of Sec. Ed 3 

Methods 3 

Child Psychology 3 

Classroom Management 3 

Music 33-34 4 

Music 35-36 2 

Music 37-38-39 6 



32 
SENIOR. 

Hours. 

English 41-42 6 

Educ. Measures 3 

Music 43-44 4 

Practice Teaching 3 

Music 45-46 4 

Music 61-62 4 

Music 47 2 



30 



32 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 109 

Certificate in Music. — The sequence leading to a Certificate 
in Music is intended for those students who desire to teach music 
in public schools. This certificate qualifies the student to receive 
the North Carolina Public School Music Certificate. 

The following are the requirements for this Certificate: 

1. The student must complete two years of general theory (Music 11-12 
21-22), Music History (Music 23-24), Advanced Methods in Public School 
Music (Music 45-46), and at least four semester hours of credit in Voice 
Total required 30 semester hours. 

2. The student must take sufficient lessons in Piano to satisfy the De- 
partment of his ability to meet the needs of the public school situation. 

Applied Music. — Private lessons in Piano, Organ, Voice, or 
Violin may be taken for credit on degrees up to twelve semester 
hours, under certain conditions. (See note under Electives.) 
A full course of private lessons (two thirty-minute lessons a week) 
gives up to two hours credit per semester. Credit is determined 
on the basis of actual accomplishment, and is granted only after 
examination before the members of the faculty of the Department 
of Music. 

For fees for applied music, see Fees and Expenses. 



General Rules. 

1. Students majoring in the Conservatory of Music must take 
part in whatever musical organizations or programs may be spec- 
ified by the Director. 

2. All students majoring in the Conservatory of Music must 
consult the Director before taking part in any public program. 

3. The Conservatory of Music reserves the right to refuse the 
Diploma in Music to any student whose graduation recital is not 
deemed by the Conservatory to be of sufficiently high standard. 

4. All students who elect a full course in Voice for the maxi- 
mum amount of college credit must serve in the College Choir, 
ntness specifically excused therefrom by the Director. 



110 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION. 

COACH WALKER. 

MISS CHILDS. 

MR. FYSAL. 

MR. CARRIGAN. 

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 31. 

School Hygiene. A course for students who expect to teach in the grades 
of the public schools. 

Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

MISS CHILDS. 

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 32. 

Health Education. Methods and Materials suitable for health teaching 
in elementary and secondary schools, and elementary first aids. 
Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 

MISS CHILDS. 

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 33-34. 
This course is open to young men. It deals with the same principles as 
found in Physical Education 31 and 32. 

The major sports will be added for the young men. 
Three hours a week. Credit six semseter hours. 

COACH WALKER. 

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 41. 
Home and Community Hygiene. General welfare and hygiene of the 
home and community; examination and measurement of school children and 
the work of the school nurse and school physician. 

Three hours per week. Credit three semester hours. 
Prerequisite: Physical Education 31. 

MR. CARRIGAN. 

PHYSICAL EDUCATION 42. 

Playground Organization and Management. The Teaching of Gymnastics. 
Three hours a week. Credit three semester hours. 
Prerequisite: Physical Education 32. 



DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL TRAINING. 

Every student is required, unless excused by the propei 
Dean, to take the regular Physical Training courses. At the be- 
ginning of each scholastic year, each student is given a physical 
examination, including lung and heart tests, body measurements 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. Ill 

and general diagnosis. A comparison is made of student measure- 
ments with that of standard measurement, and exercises are pre- 
scribed to develop the parts of the body not up to standard 
measurements. A record is kept of each student until the end of 
the year, when a final examination is made by the directors and 
a comparison made with his entrance examination. 

In case a student has a physician's certificate to be excused 
from the work, the Physical Director will have correspondence 
with the attending physician to find out particulars regarding 
the student's weakness, and progressive exercises adapted to the 
student's needs will be prescribed and shall be required in lieu of 
the regular work. 

The Physical Training work for young men is conducive to 
a well-rounded and healthful College life. 

Each young woman is required to have three hours of Phys- 
ical Training a week for two years. One hour of this is spent in 
games, such as basketball, soccer and volley ball. One hour is 
spent in rhythmic dancing, and the third is spent in hiking, ten- 
nis, or any other form of exercise the student may desire. 

PHYSICAL TRAINING COURSES FOR MEN. 

PHYSICAL TRAINING 11-12. 

Elementary calisthenics, marching tactics (the work beginning with 
practice in facing and file marching), free exercise without hand apparatus, 
breathing exercises, corrective standing, corrective walking and corrective 
running, corrective work for any undeveloped and unnatural parts of the 
body, elementary tumbling, progressive exercises in elementary apparatus 
work, working for form, games and contests, and chest-weight work. 

PHYSICAL TRAINING 21-22. 
Dumb-bells, wands, Indian clubs, corrective work, marching tactics, 
wrestling, tumbling, tournaments, walking, fancy steps, body building, ap- 
paratus work, Swedish movements, pyramid building, jumping, hiking, Class 
leading, elementary work with the bar-bell and dumb-bell. 

PHYSICAL TRAINING 31-32, 41-42. 
Calisthenics, advanced marching tactics, advanced to more complicated 
maneuvers with figure marching and various ways of placing a class for drill 
and other work. The United States Military Manual is followed as far as 
practicable. Wrestling, boxing, advanced tumbling, advanced apparatus and 
acrobatic work, including a graded series of heavy apparatus work on horse, 
buck, horizontal bars, parallel bars, vaulting bars, flying and traveling rings, 



112 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

ladders, mats and ropes, class leading in all exercises by imitation and com- 
mand, setting corrective work, advanced work with bar-bell and dumb-bell 
and the standard lifts. 

PHYSICAL TRAINING COURSES FOR WOMEN. 

PHYSICAL TRAINING 11-12. 

Standing, marching, Swedish movements, games, folk steps, figure march- 
ing, drills. 

PHYSICAL TRAINING 21-22. 

Figure marching, Swedish gymnastics, body building, poised exercises, 
games, Danish and Swedish steps, drills, contests and marches. 

PHYSICAL TRAINING 31-32, 41-42. 

General gymnasium exercises, advanced Danish and Swedish exercises 
and drills. 



Roster of Students. 

Session 1936-37. 



SENIOES— CLASS OF 1937. 

Ackenhausen, Marcella 3310 Wabash Ave., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Blackmon, Marguerite Haw Biver, N. C. 

Bowman, Wayne Eno B. 2, Box 56, Norfolk, Va. 

Brendler, Louise 1218 Springfield Ave., Irvington, N. J. 

Caddell, Nancy Margaret Elon College, N. C. 

Cameron, John L Jonesboro, N. C. 

Chason, Margaret Lumber Bridge, N. C. 

Coble, James Floyd B 1, Burlington, N. C. 

Cook, James S., Jr South Main St., Graham, N. C. 

Edwards, James A El, Henderson, N. C. 

Ernst, Edythe Elizabeth 3139 Kinmont Ave., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Fowlkes, Sara Elizabeth Yanceyville, N. C. 

Futrell, Ina Eich Square, N. 0. 

Galloway, Sue 614 Spring St., Hamlet, N. C. 

Garner, John Utah 85 17th St., Greensboro, N. C. 

Gilmore, Solomon Silas B 4, Sanford, N. C. 

Grissom, Alfonso William B 1, Henderson, N. C. 

Harrington, Mary B 2, Sanford, N. C. 

Heatwole, Hilda Lee 313 S. Broad St., Burlington, N. C. 

Hook, Sara Virginia Elon College, N. C. 

Jones, Eloise Woodleigh, N. C. 

Kivette, Florence Olga Church, Street, Gibsonville, N. C. 

Lambeth, Linda Maedell Elon College, N. C. 

Lankf ord, Eugene Elon College, N. 0. 

Lasser, Leon David 23 Bark Ave., Caldwell, N. J. 

Lilley, Mullen Eure, N. C. 

Loy, William Ward Jacksonville, N C. 

Lloyd, Fauline Oliver Cedar Grove, N. C. 

McGougan, Verna Estelle Lumber Bridge, N . 0. 

Neese, Sara Kaufman 710 W. Davis St., Burlington N. C. 

Neese, William Junius Graham, N. 0. 

Newman, Leon Stagg Virgilina, Va. 

Newsome, Wilburn E S. Henderson Ext., Salisbury, N. C. 

Piland, Woodrow Wilson E 3, Suffolk, Va. 

Porterfield, Conrade LaVerne Box 219, Haw Eiver, N. C. 

Query, Luke Walter, Jr E 4, Charlotte, N. C. 

Eudd, Clyde Wesley Elon College, N. C. 

Saunders, Charles Edward E 3, Kenbridge, Va. 



114 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

Smith, Leon Edgar, Jr Box 251, Elon College, N. C. 

Sutton, Martha Croven Lillington, N. C. 

Talton, Moses Garland Broad Street, Oxford, N. C. 

Wagoner, Blanche Brown Summitt, N. C. 

Walser, Henry Rudolph 1526 South Main St., Salisbury, N. C. 

Watts, Dan Thomas Peachland, N. 0. 

Young, Christine E 1, Graham, N. C. 

JUNIORS— CLASS OF 1938. 

Barnwell, George El, Corbett, N. C. 

Barrow, John Van Snow Hill, N. C. 

Beaver, John China. Grove, N. C. 

Boyd, Roy 232 Burwell Ave., Henderson, N. C. 

Bradley, Hal Fuquay Springs, N. C. 

Brooks, James Roxboro, IS . C. 

Brown, Margaret 203 Gilmer St., Burlington, N. C. 

Bullock, Ben Fuquay Springs, N. C. 

Butner, Nancy Lou Carthage, N. C. 

Cameron, G. Lawrence Olivia, N. C. 

Caruso, Joseph 329 Kossuth St., Eiverside, N. J. 

Chandler, Solu'e G Wedgefield, S. C. 

Cheshire, James Milton R 1, Sanford, N. C. 

Conyes, Virginia Croton Dam Road, Ossing, N. Y. 

Cromlish, Richhard 819 East End Ave., Wilkinsburg, Pa. 

Day, James C Woodsdale, N. C. 

Dowdee, I. Leonard R 1, Henderson, N. C. 

Ellingsworth, Margaret 257 East 40th St., Norfolk, Va. 

Evans, Charlie 611 Lexington Ave., Charlottesville, N. C. 

Fowler, Robert Snow Camp, N. 0. 

Futrell, Aurelia Rich Square, N. C. 

Galloway, Margaret 614 Spring St., Hamlet, N. C. 

Greenwald, Arthur Cold Spring Road, Huntington, N. Y. 

Harris, Loftin R 3, Siler City, N. C. 

Henderson, Holt Graham, N. C. 

Hester, Bernice R 1, Roxboro, N. C. 

Hilburn, Harold 819 Branson St., Fayetteville, N. C. 

Hilgreen, Joseph 100 Lane Ave., Caldwell, N. J. 

Holloway, J. T., Jr R. 5, Durham, N. C. 

Horton, John Ellington, N. Y. 

Hunter, John Howard R. 1, Newell, N. C. 

Jones, Daniel P Jones St., Burlington, N. C. 

Jones, Howard R. 3, Wadesboro, N. C. 

Kernodle, Charles R. 1, Elon College, N. C. 

King, J. Talbert 105 Guthrie St., Burlington, N. C. 

Klapp, Grace Viola South Center St., Mebane, N. C. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 115 

Lankf ord, Wilburn Elon College, N. 0. 

Latta, Baxter E. 1, Hillsboro, N. C. 

Lewis, Richard North West End, N. C. 

Lilien, Bernard 1073 Springfield Ave., Irvington, N. J. 

Lloyd, Allen Hillsboro, N. C. 

Loy, Nell E. 1, Burlington, N. C. 

Manchester, Leslie 16 Judd St., Bristol, Conn. 

Maness, William Holt Yanceyville, N. C. 

Matthews, Eichard Candor, N. C. 

McBrayer, John Z Box 326, Mooresboro, N. C. 

McCraw, Marshall Gaffney, S. C. 

McGalliard, James E. 1, Morganton, N. O. 

Mclnnis, Woodrow E. 1, West End, N. C. 

Montef alco, Ernest 74 Perry St., Shelton, Conn. 

Moody, C. LeGrande 700 E. Main St., Dillon, S. C. 

Morgan, Jaunita Elon College, N. C. 

Murchison, James Victor E. 2, Liberty, N. C. 

Padgett, Joseph E. 4, Shelby, N. C. 

Parrish, Leslie L Elon College, N. C. 

Perkins, Mary Alice Elon College, N. C. 

Pritchett, Carl E. 1, Altamahaw, N. C. 

Eoy, Paul E. 2, East Chattanooga, Tenn. 

Sandlin, Gladys 614 South Broad St., Burlington, N. C. 

Scales, Helen E. 5, Greensboro, N. C. 

Sears, Isiah, Gibsonville, X. C. 

Smith, Howard Kipling, N. C. 

Smith, Margaret Eeid Kipling, N. C. 

Story, Hatcher Oourtland, Va. 

Summers, Daniel E. 1, Elon College, N. C. 

Thomas, Clare E. 1, Broadway, N. C. 

Thompson, Thomas Eussell 627 South Mebane St., Burlington, N. C. 

Tulehinsky, Emanuel 389 Leslie St., Newark, N. J. 

Tutor, Maybelle E. 1, Fuquay Springs, N. C. 

Vuncannon, Clarence Troy, N . C. 

Walker, Archie Elon College, N. C. 

Walker, Bronna Gibsonville, N. C. 

Walker, Landon 1218 Dilworth Eoad, Charlotte, N. C. 

Walker, Marshall 509 Maple Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Webb, Oscar 2445 39th Place, N. W., Washington, D. C. 

Wilburn, James Varina, N. C. 

Wilkins, Beatrice Haw Eiver, N. C. 

Williams, Thomas Autryville, N. C. 

Wilson, William Woodrow Prospect Hills, N. C. 

Yarbrough, Walter B, 4, Dunn, N. C. 



116 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

SOPHOMORES— CLASS OF 1939. 

Abbitt, James Academy St., Roxboro, IS). C. 

Arnold, L. Mavert R. 1, Fuquay Springs, N. C. 

Boland, Frances 303 Trade St., Burlington, N. C. 

Bowers, Thurman R. 4, Greensboro, N. C. 

Brannon, Horace R. 3, Mills Springs, N. 0. 

Brannock, Edith Elon College, N. C. 

Braxton, Vernon Snow Camp, N. C. 

Butt, James 317 High St., Hamlet, N. C. 

Chason, Mary Helen Lumber Bridge, N. C. 

Clapp, William Keith R. 4, Burlington, N. C. 

Clark, Gordon R. 3, Greenville, N. C. 

Clark, Ruth Page 708 Franklin Ave., Wilson, N. C. 

Coble, Jay Cline Julian, 1S1 . C. 

Collyer, John 412 London St., Portsmouth, V. 

Craven, Mildred Main Street, Ramseur, N. C. 

Crabill, Gordon 205 Taylor St., Washington, D. C. 

Dailey, Helen 605 W. Davis St., Burlington, N. C. 

Daineron, Julia Lee Star, N. C. 

Dix, Walter Altamahaw, N. C. 

Donovan, Frank 50 Pansy Ave., Floral Park, N. Y. 

Dorsett, William Lynn Elon College, N. C. 

Earp, Margaret 1612 Buffalo St., Greensboro, N. C. 

Earp, Thomas Milton, N. C. 

Elmore, Orville A Fancy Gap, Va. 

Farrell, Lawrence Aberdeen, N. C. 

Fleming, Archiable Grirnesland, N . C. 

Fleming, Sulley W Grirnesland, N. C. 

Fogle, Richard Pleasant Hill, Tenn. 

Fonville, Walter O R. 5, Burlington, N. C. 

Foushee, Carlyle Charles Jonesboro, N. C. 

Foushee, Clyde Jonesboro, N. C. 

Garrison, Charlie 506 Church St., Burlington, N. C. 

Gillespie, James Haw River, N. C. 

Goodwin, Oma Frances New Hill, N. C. 

Gordon, Eugene Brown Summit, N. C. 

Gutierrez, George Jovellar No. 12, Havana. Cuba. 

Hardison, Joe 1306 Grove St., Greensborro, N. C. 

"Harrington, Jesse Merry Oaks, N. C. 

Haynes, Andrews W 701 S. Summit Ave., Charlotte, N. C. 

Hedgepeth, Emanuel Holland, Va. 

Hendricks, Harris 405 South 5th St., Wilmington, N. C. 

Hester, Randolph Hurdle Mills, N. C. 

Hinton, Robert Box 107, Pittsboro, N. C. 

Holden, R-ebecca 707 N. Main St., Louisburg, N. C. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 117 

Holmes, George Snow Hill, N. 0. 

Holt, Christine R. 1, Graham, N. C. 

Howard, Lester Hallison, N. C. 

Huffmes, Lloyd Elon College, N . C. 

Hunt, Edward A R. 1. Oxford, N. C. 

Hunt, John Graham E. 5, Oxford, N. C. 

Hurst, Ben 5 Broad St., New Bern, N. C. 

Isarel, Archie 206 Plaze Ave., Waterburg, Conn. 

James, Melvin E. 1, Haw Eiver, N. C. 

Johnson, Wayne Whitnel, N. C. 

Jones, William T Holland, Va. 

Karnes, Harold Harry- 561 East 2nd St., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Kerns, Virginia Ether, N. C. 

Malbon, Eugene 524 Queen St., Portsmouth, Va. 

Markham Elizabeth E. 6, Durham, N. C. 

Mashburn, Beatrice Star, N. C. 

Mastrobattisto, Albert 103 Divinity St., Bristol, Conn. 

Matlock, Rebecca Elon College, N . C. 

McLean, Wayne Lillington, N. C. 

Medlin, Alyce Hinton Box 44, Gatesville, N. C. 

Miller, Margaret Eidgeway, S. C. 

Moize, Sarah 315 Hawkins St., Burlington, N. C. 

Moran, Edward James 497 Highland Ave., Waterbury, Conn. 

Moran, William P 2904 22nd Ave., Ensley, Ala. 

Morgan, Henry E. 1, Prospect Hills, N. C. 

Noell, Nathaniel Jonesboro, N. C. 

Parker, James W 1530 Barron St., Portsmouth, Va. 

Eea, Lathan E. 2, Charlotte, N. C. 

Reynolds, Etheline Leaman, N. C. 

Rollins, Mary 236 N. Payetteville, St., Asheboro, N. C. 

Sanderson, Emerson J Brown Summit, N . C. 

Satterfield, Henry Prospect Hills, N. C. 

Schlitter, Donald Derby Neck Road, Derby, Conn. 

Sloan, Jordan R. 2, Sanford, N. C. 

Somers, Vernon R. 1, Elon College, N. C. 

Stephens, Craton 66 Market St., Hertford, N. C. 

Stimson, Robah Grace Lewisville, N. C. 

Sugg, Mary Sue Erect, N. C. 

Taylor, W. Sidney Aberdeen, N. C. 

Taylor, Wendell 314 N. Scales St., Reidsville, N. C. 

Tillmanns, Gwendolyne 3009 Park Ave., Bridgeport, Conn. 

Underwood, Sameul Rufus Yanceyville, N. C. 

Walker, Mary Frances 605 Fountain Place, Burlington, N . C. 

Walker, Nestor Glenn Brown Summit, N. C. 

Walker, Galloday R. 1, Altamahaw, N. C. 



118 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

Webster, George Daniel Elon College, N. C. 

Willmann, Julia 314 E. 9th St., Charlotte, N. C. 

Willmann, Eudolph 314 E. 9th St., Charlotte, N. C. 

Windley, Robert H Box 155, Suffolk, Va. 

Wright, Lucy Mae Star, N. C. 

Yurgaitis, Edward... 62 Popular St., Waterbury, Conn. 

FRESHMEN— CLASS OF 1940. 

Abernethy, Iris 1802 9th Ave., Hickory, N. C. 

Alexander, Arthur Lee 104 Tucker St., Burlington, N. C. 

Albright, James A 201 N. Broad St., Burlington, N. 0. 

/Anchelewitz, Arnold . . . 1- 48 Inlet Terrace, Belniar, N. J. 

Apple, Lula Catherine R. 1, Elon College, N. C. . 

Askew, Allen Edgar. . . . '. Eure, N. C. 

Ayscue, Perry Lee R. 1, Henderson, N. C. 

Baynes, John A 407 N. Main St., Burlington, N. C. 

Beal, Irene Bear Creek, N. C. 

• Bean, Frances ) 803 3rd St., Spenser, N. C. 

Bigelow, Richard H 713 Riverview Ave., Portsmouth, Va. 

Blue, Herbert N ! R. 1, Carthage, N. C. 

Boyd, Cornelius West End, N. C. 

Breitenberger, Virginia 68-30 Burns St., Forest Hill, N. Y. 

Briggs, Hal R. 4, Jonesboro, N. C. 

Brown, James E 531 E. Fisher St., Salisbury, N. C. 

Bryant, Edith Virginia Box "B," Elon College, Va. 

Campbell, Cleveland 202 N. Main St., Danville, Va. 

Capillary, Hemy Freeport, Pa. 

Carman, Charles V 19 Woodleigh Road, Springdale, Conn. 

Carver, John Prospect Hill, N. C. 

Causey, J. T 904 Asheboro St., Greensboro, 1ST. C. 

Caviness, Marshall Staley, N. C. 

Chandler, William Scales 615 Fountain Place, Burlington, N. C. 

Coble, Clifton, W R. 1, Julian, N. C. 

Cochran, J. D 720 N. Main St., Newton, N. C. 

Colson, O. K 202 Caswell St., Wadesboro, N. C. 

Congleton, James Stokes, N. C. 

Cook, Berry Greensboro, N. C. 

Cooper, Walter Lee 214 W. Ruffin St., Burlington, N. C. 

Day, Elsie Mae 601 Ireland St., Burlington, N. C. 

Davidson, Genevieve R. 1, Elon College, N. C. 

Dininger, Robert E 113 Market St., Freeport, Pa. 

' Divers, Richard M '. Stuart, Va. 

Dixon, Elizabeth Graham, N. C. 

Engels, Charles 75 Gaylord St., Bristol, Conn. 

Fearrington, Edwin Mebane Chapel Hill, N. C. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 119 

Ferrara, Carl 1143 Embury Ave., Neptune, N . J. 

Fesmire, Isaac. . . . U 1106 Battleground Ave., Greensboro, N. O. 

' Fitch, Edna : . 605 S. Mebane St., Burlington, N. C. 

Fitch, Samuel 504 W. Davis St., Burlington, N. C. 

i»Flory, Edwin Bruce 19 Birchwood Ave., Dayton, Ohio. 

Fogleman, Ursula R. 2, Liberty, N. C. 

Fonville, DeRoy v ;' 413 N. Main St., Burlington, N. C. 

Frazier, Carl Blaton 326 W. 5th St., Charlotte, N. C. 

Freeman, W. H., Jr Ether, N. C. 

-Fritts, James P South Main St., Lexington, N. C. 

Fuller, Andrew W 7Y 2 Middle St., New Bern, N. C. 

Garner, Ralph R. 1, Newport, N. C. 

Garrison, Alan R. 2, Burlington, N. C. 

Gaydos, Albert 908 Cliff St., North Braddock, Pa. 

Gershiwitz, Sydney 46 Jay St., New London, Conn. 

Goldfarb, Dave 264 Goldsmith Ave., Newark, N. J. 

Goodes Yale Brookwood, Burlington, N . C. 

Gowler, John M Atlantic Highlands, N. C. 

Graves, Robert Lee W. Morgan St., Wadesboro, N. C. 

Hardie, Benjamin Box 132, Mebane, N. C. 

Hardin, John Ross R. 1, Liberty, N. C. 

.Harrell, Miriam Joyce Box 248, Burgaw, N. C. 

Harrington, Helen Black R. 2, Sanford, N. C. 

Hausett, Alfred 706 Evergreen Ave., Bradley Beach, N. J. 

Haynes, Mary Lou 3649 Brooks Ave., Cincinnati, Ohio. 

• Hill, J. W Virgilina, Va. 

Hines, Sidney C R. 4, Henderson, N. C. 

Holland, Wesley ><rT ". Trenton, N. O. 

Hooper, Dewey G R. 3, Mebane, N. C. 

Howard, Leon F Hallison, N. C. 

Howard, Pressley Blake Box 377, Bassett, Va. 

Hughes, Leroy Elon College, N . C. 

Humphries, Donald Gaff ney, S. C. 

Hunter, Edwin R. 2, Sanford, N. C. 

Jastrzembski, Theodore 602 McKinley Ave., Vandergrift, Pa. 

Jeleniewski, Theodore 059 McKinley Ave., E. Vandergrift, Pa. 

Johnson, Ben R. 2, Kernersville, N. C. 

John, Van H R, 2, Kernersville, N. C. 

-Johnston, Charles Henry, Jr Haw River, N. C. 

Jones, Curtis Hughes Hurdle Mills, N. C. 

Jones, Oscar Carl Bolton, N. C. 

Jones, Thomas Rawls Holland, Va. 

Kazlow, Vincent A Water St., Cumbola, Pa. 

Kearns, Buris W 903 Church St., Burlington, N. C. 

Kerr, Charles. 104 Stewart St., Freeport, Pa. 






120 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

King, Raleigh • Gates, N. C. 

Kirkmaii, Lewis E 606 S. Broad St., Burlington, N. C. 

Lawson, Katherine Eougemont, N. 0. 

Lea, Arthur Barton 1003 Lindsay St., High Point, N. O. 

Lea, Pete ' Elon College, N. C. 

iLeath, June 416 Spring St., Burlington, N. O. 

' Lee, Walter Pinley ' Bolton, N. C. 

Lindley, Irvin R. 1, Siler City, N. O. 

Lindley, Mahlon R. 1, Siler City, N. C. 

' Longest, Walter 211 Orange St., Beaufort, N. C. 

Lowe, Stanley W 804 N. Main St., Burlington, N . C. 

Luckett, William H Toinotla, N. C. 

Martin, William P 407 35th St., Norfolk, Va. 

May, Sarah 630 S. Broad St., Burlington, N. C. 

McCauley, Charles 701 Church St., Burlington, N. C 

McCauley, Johnnie Kipling, N. C. 

; McDuffie, Robert C West End, N. C. 

McFarland, Leighton. . 1313 Summit Ave., Greensboro, N. C. 

Mclver, Ima Delores 903 Church St., Burlington, N. C. 

McPherson, William Box 348, Burlington, N. C. 

Minarik, William R. 1, Vandergrift, Pa. 

Mitchell, George C, Jr 305 W. Ruffin St., Burlington, N. C. 

Moore, Bonnie Graham, N . C. 

Muir, Minah 2410 Ballentine Blvd., Norfolk, Va. 

Naelo, Alfred 410 Washington St., Riverside, N. J. 

Neese, Jack Box 136, Reidsville, N. C. 

Nellums, Fred Spring Hill, Tenn. 

Noon, Martin 45 Spruce Ave., Floral Park, N. Y. 

Odom, Julius D Red Springs, N. C. 

Pandolfe, John 337 Fisher Ave., Neptune, N. J. 

Paris, Pearl Preston 747 Park Ave., Greensboro, N. C. 

Parks, Randall Haworth Ramseur, N. C. 

: Peebles, Stafford R. 4, Oxford, N. C. 

Perkins, Edward F Norfolk, Va. 

Perkins, William H Elon College, N. C. 

Perry, James F R. 2, Liberty, N. C. 

Pesci, Mario 612 Franklin St., Freeport, Pa. 

Pickett, Mattie R. 1, Burlington, N. C. 

Piland, Ida Mae R. 2, Suffolk, Va. 

Pittman, Charles E.. . . j 303 Daniel St., Wilson N. C. 

Porter, W. H., Jr Chicod, N. C. 

Potter, Edward H 107 March St., Beaufort, N. C. 

Puglisi, John G 56 Dewey Ave., Huntington, N. Y. 

Reynolds, Jean Bray Shawboro, N. C. 

Roach, J. B Snow Camp, N. C. 






Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 121 

Eoss, Wyatt 102 Henderson St., N. C. 

-Senter, Worth D Kipling-, N. C. 

Sharpe, Bill 602 2nd St., Spencer, N. C. 

1 Sharpe, Lawrence E. 4, Burlington, N. C. 

Shecham, Michael 179 South Elm St., Waterbury, Conn. 

Shelton, Amos 705 Railroad St., Greensboro, N. C. 

■Shoffner, Jack Liberty, N. C. 

; Smith, Anneta ' Brown Summit, N. C. 

Sparrow, Robert T 118 W. Second St., Washington, D. 0. 

Stallings, Edward 612 Spencer Ave., New Bern, N. C. 

Stephens, Ona Mary 66 Market St., Hertford, N. G. 

Stewart, Charles R. 1, Freeport, Pa. 

Stewart, William M R. 2, Derita, N. C. 

Stimson, Doris Lewisville, N. C. 

Stimson, Dorsey E Lewisville, N. C. 

Strassler, Edward G 487 Albany Ave., Brooklyn, N. Y. 

Tate, Joseph A R. 1, Mebane, N. C. 

Taylor, John B 506 N. Main St., Semora, N. C. 

Thompson, Arthur G 504 Maple Ave., Burlington, N. O. 

Thompson, Azariah G R. 1, Reidsville, N. C. 

Tysor, Freddy 12 Jenkins St., Greensboro, N. C. 

Umplett, Carl Gates, N. C. 

Vore, Duane W 441 N. Miami St., West Milton, Ohio. 

Walters, Charles M., Jr 220 Union Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Walters, Ruth 220 Union Ave., Burlington, N . C. 

Warren, Dorothy Staley, N. C. 

Watts, Hal H Elon College, N.C. 

Whitley, Lloyd Elmo 611 Coble St., High Point, N. C. 

Williams, Thomas E Star, N. C. 

SPECIAL DEPARTMENTS. 
ART. 

Apple, Elizabeth Elon College, N. C. 

Brown, Margaret 203 Gilmer St., Burlington, N. C. 

Butner, Nancy Carthage, N. C. 

Cliason, Mary Helen Lumber Bridge, N. C. 

Dameron, Julia Lee Star, N . C. 

Fowlkes, Elizabeth Yanceyville, N. C. 

Futrell, Au'relia Rich Square, N. C. 

Futrell, Ina Rich Square, N. C. 

Galloway, Margaret 614 Spring St., Hamlet, N. C. 

Harden, Margaret Burlington, N. C. 

Harrington, Mary R. 2, Sanford, N. O. 

Home, Lille 207 Ireland St., Burlington, N. C. 

Howard, Laura Elon College, N. C. 



122 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

Isley, Myrtle Box 632, Burlington, N. C. 

Kerns, Virginia Ether, N. C. 

Lambeth, Maedell Elon College, N. C. 

Loy, Nell R. 1, Burlington, N. C. 

Loyd, Pauline Cedar Grove, N. C. 

Martin, Mary Frances Elon College, N. C. 

Mastrobattisto, Albert 103 Divinity St., Bristol, Conn. 

McCarn, Howard Elon College, N. C. 

Messick, Helen Elon College, N. C. 

Messick, Rose Elon College, N. C. 

Miller, Margaret Ridgeway, S. C. 

Plonk, Margaret Graham, N. C. 

Powell, Sophia Elon College, N. C. 

Rumbley, Mrs. E. C Elon College, N. C. 

Sharpe, Boyd R. 4, Burlington, N. C. 

Tapscott, Bruce R. 4, Burlington, N. C. 

Terrell, Billie Elon College, N. C. 

Tillmanns, Gwendolyne 3009 Park Ave., Bridgeport, Conn. 

Warren, Dorothy Staley, 1S1 . C. 

Wilkins, Beatrice Haw River, N. C. 

COMMERCIAL. 

Albright, Audrey Elon College, N. C. 

Alexander, Lea 104 Tucker St., Burlington, N. C. 

Brannon, Horace R. 3, Mills Springs, N. C. 

Campbell, Lois Catherine 607 Meadow St., Spencer, N. C. 

Cates, Sarah West Front St., Burlington, N. C. 

Crutchfield, Elizabeth R. 2, Burlington, N. C. 

Ef land, Carolyn Ef land, N. C. 

Faucette, Kenneth 503 Lexington Ave., Burlington, N. O. 

Fesmire, Isaac 1006 Battleground Ave., Greensboro, N. C. 

Fleming, Sulley Grimesland, N . C. 

Fonville, William Jerry R. 5, Burlington, N. C. 

Foster, Ruby Lee R. 1, Burlington, N. C. 

Fushee, Sam Bradshaw Staley, N. C 

Hoffman, Violet R. 4, Burlington, N. C. 

Huffine, Kenneth Elon College, N. C. 

Hughes, Leroy Elon College, N. C. 

Humphries, Donald Gaffney, N. C. 

Hunter, Altie R. 2, Sauford, N. C. 

Isley, Frederick 808 W. Davis St., Burlington, N. C. 

Jeffreys, Margaret R. 3, Graham, N. C. 

Jones, Daniel Jones St., Burlington, IS. C. 

Jordan, Maude Elon College, N. C. 

Kelly, Mary Alice Broadway, N. C. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 123 

Koury, Ernest 513 N. Park Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Lassiter, Elizabeth 414 Kowland St., Henderson, N. C. 

Latta, Baxter Hillsboro, N. C. 

Lavin, Jane 613 East Pine St., Orlando, Fla. 

Loy, Agnes B. 1, Graham; N. C. 

Lea, Maida Frances 402 Ireland St., Burlington, N. 0. 

Maness, William Yanceyville, N. C. 

May, Sarah 630 S. Broad St., Burlington, N. C. 

McAdams, Carolyn West Elm St., Graham, N. C. 

Meacham, Margaret 302 S. Main St., Lexington, N. C. 

Medlin, Alyce P. O. Box 44, Gatesville, N. C. 

Morris, Gertrude March, Va. 

Morris, Marguerite March, Va. 

Oldham, Hallie Horton 102 Guthrie St., Burlington, N. C. 

Oliver, Ellese Cedar Grove, N. O. 

Paige, Audrey Elon College, N. C. 

Parker, James 1530 Barron St., Portsmouth, Va. 

Parker, Marie Cameron, N. C. 

Paul, Hyram Aurora, N. C. 

Phillippe, Dewey E, 1, Gibsonville, N. C. 

Phillips, Margaret 307 E. Fifth St., Burlington, N. C. 

Preston, Sue Belews Creek, N. O. 

Pritchett, Mary Elizabeth Altamahaw, N. C. 

Pruitt, Lucy Mae E. 2, Pelham, N. C. 

Eives, Edna H Broadway, N . C. 

Eountree, Iris Marie P. O. Box 309, Suffolk, Va. 

Sharpe, Mary Ellis Mebane, N. C. 

Shepherd, Iris Marie 107 Park View Drive, Burlington, N. C. 

Smith, Berta Mae E. 1, Gibsonville, N. C. 

Smith, Onnie 105 Ireland St., Burlington, N. C. 

Spell, Virginia Main St., Farmville, N. C. 

Teague, Ella Myrtle Staley, N. C. 

Watkins, Herman E. 1, Whiteville, N. C. 

Welch, William G 117 Tarply St., Burlington, N. C. 

Wilkinson, Inez 309 Church St., Burlington, N. C. 

Wilson, Priscilla Eoxboro, N. C. 

LITEEAEY. 

Barney, Helen Louise Elon College, N .C. 

Chappell,, J. T Spring Creek, N. C. 

Johnson, M. Virginia Elon College, N. C. 

Perry, Mrs. Mary Lou Graham, N. C. 

Bouse, Mrs. Mary B Elon College, N. C. 

Troppoli, John 1327 Corlies St., Neptune, N. C. 



124 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

MUSIC. 

Ackenhausen, Marcella 3310 Wabash Ave., Cinciiiiiati, Ohio. 

Allred, Faye 626 Oak St., Burlington, N. C. 

Barney, Elva Grace Elon College, N. C. 

Barney, Mrs. J. W Elon College, N. C. 

Barney, Winifred Elon College, N . Cr 

Braxton, Vernon Snow Camp, N. C. 

Breitenberger, Virginia 68-30 Burns St., Forest Hill, N. Y. 

Cameron, Lawrence Olivia, N. C. 

Carr, Betty Jane 708 W. Davis St., Burlington, N. C. 

Clapp, Grace South Center St., Mebane, N. C. 

Coggins, Frances Elon College, N. C. 

Conyes, Virginia Croton Dam Road, Ossining, N. Y. 

Cook, Shirley 1008 Webb Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Cravn, Mildred Bamseur, N. C. 

Dailey, Helen 605 W. Davis St., Burlington, N. C. 

Divers, Richard Stuart, Va. 

Early, Lloyd West College Ave., Oxford, N. O. 

Elmore, Mrs. N annie Elon College, N. C. 

Faulconer, Katherine 608 Webb Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Flory, Bruce 19 Birchwood Ave., Dayton, Ohio. 

Fogleman, Ursula R. 2, Liberty, N. C. 

Foster, C. T 612 Cameron St., Burlington, N. C. 

Foster, Dolly 608 Chestnut St., Burlington, N. C. 

Fowlkes, Elizabeth Yanceyville, N. C. 

Freedman, Muriel 521 Church St., Burlington, N. C. 

Futrell, Aurelia Rich Square, N. C. 

Futrell, Ina Rich Square, N C. 

Galloway, Margaret 614 Spring St., Hamlet, N. C. 

Galloway, Sue 614 Spring St., Hamlet, N. C. 

Garner, Ralph R. 2, Newport, N . C. 

Goodwin, Frances New Hill, N. O. 

Grissom, Alfonso R. 1, Henderson, N. C. 

Hargrove, Irma Dell 1030 Anthony St., Burlington, N. C. 

Hilburn, Harold 819 Branson St., Fayetteville, N. C. 

Holden, Rebecca 707 N. Main St., Louisburg, N. C. 

Hook, Irene Elon College, N. C. 

Hook, Sarah Virginia Elon College, N. O. 

Jones, Oscar Carl Bolton, N. C. 

Joyner, Emelie Fountain Place, Burlington, N. C. 

King, Victor Ernest 625 Tucker St., Burlington, N. C. 

Lambeth, Maedell Elon College, N. C. 

Lambeth, Wilnah Elon College, N. C. 

Lloyd, Pauline Oliver Cedar Grove, N. C. 

Loy, Nell R. 1, Burlington, N. C. 



Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 125 

McCauley, Johnnie Kipling, N. C. 

McEwen, Iris Holt W. Davis St., Burlington, N. C. 

McEwen, James W. Davis St., Burlington, N. C. 

Melton, Laura Askew St., Burlington, N. 0. 

Messick, Helen Margaret Elon College, N. C. 

Messick, Mrs. J. D Elon College, N . C. 

Morgan, Henry Prospect Hill, N. C. 

Morgan, Ogburn Elon College, N. C. 

Morris, Gertrude March, Va. 

Morris, Marguerite March, Va. 

Muir, Minah 2410 Ballentine Blvd., Norfolk, Va. 

Murchison, Victor R. 2, Liberty, N. C. 

Neese, Sara 710 W. Davis St., Burlington, N. C. 

Noell, Nathaniel Jonesboro, N. C. 

Rollins, Mary 236 N. Fayetteville St., Asheboro, N. C. 

Rudd, Clyde Elon College, N. C. 

Sanderson, Mrs. E. J. Brown Brown Summit, N. C. 

Smith, Anita Brown Summit, N. C. 

Smith, L. E., Jr Elon College, N. O. 

Spell, Virginia Main St., Farmville, N. C. 

Stokes, Billy R. 1, Graham, N. C. 

Sutton, Martha Lillington, N . C. 

Tillman, Gwendolyne 3009 Park Ave., Bridgeport, Conn. 

Vore, Duane 441 N. Miami St., West Milton, Ohio. 

Wagoner, Blanche Brown Summit, N. O. 

Walker, Bronna Gibsonville, N. C. 

Walker, Landon 1218 Dilworth Road, Charlotte, N. C. 

Wilkins, Beatrice Haw River, N. C. 

Willmann, Julia 314 East 9th St., Charlotte, N. C. 

Willmann Rudolph 314 East 9th St., Charlotte, N. C. 

Wooten, Hugheston Graham Road, Burlington, N. C. 

Young, Christine Graham, N. O. 

SUMMER SESSION— 1936. 

Adcock, Spurgeon Enimett Stokesdale, N. C. 

Aldridge, Gladys 505 Peele St., Burlington, N. C. 

Anderson, Clara Burlington, N. O. 

Andrews, Prances Scott 614 Fountain Place, Burlington, N. C. 

Andrews, Ruby Jane Graham, N. C. 

Apple, Lalah Gertrude Gibsonville, N. C. 

Auman, Donald Glenn West End, N. C. 

Barney, Helen Elon College, N. C. 

Booker, Mrs. Nina Park 1007 Hill St., Greensboro, N. C. 

Boone, Helen Burlington, N. O. 

Boyd, Roy 232 Burwell Ave., Henderson, N. C. 



126 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number. 

Bradshaw, Lois Burlington, IS . C. 

Brooks, James Charles Roxboro, N. C. 

Broome, Mrs. Ethel Park Dodson, N. C. 

Brown, Lena Mae Southern Pines, N. C. 

Butler, Maude B Tabor City, N. C. 

Gates, Edlee Broad St., Burlington, N. C. 

Cliason, Margaret Lumber Bridge, N. C. 

Cheek, Mrs. Ethel Russell Graham, N. C. 

Coble, Helen Louise Burlington, N. C. 

Cole, Esther M 214 Hargrove St., Durham, N. O. 

Cooper, Mary A Burlington, N. C. 

Davis, Helen K Harmony, N. C. 

Dix, Walter Everett Altamahaw, N . C. 

Dodson, Maude P Mebane, N. C. 

Elder, Fannie Glenn R. 1, Burlington, N. C. 

Fearrington, Edwin Mebane Star Boute, Chapel Hill, N. C. 

Fogleman, Mary Lou 400 Park Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Fonville, Bettie Rachel B. 5, Burlington, N. C. 

Foster, Mrs. J. L Elon College, N. C. 

Foster, Mrs. Betty N 708 Church St., Burlington, N. C. 

Foust, Lizabel Graham, N. C. 

Garrison, Minnie Mebane, N . C. 

Glenn, Mrs. Katie Brown Brown Summit, N. C. 

Graham, Ha R. 3, Burlington, N. C. 

Graham, Mrs. Isabelle Burlington, N. C. 

Grimsley, Loula R Burlington, N. C. 

Hale, Henrietta Hampton, Va. 

Hargis, Mrs. Cora M Burlington, N. C. 

Henderson, Mrs. Essie Cotten Graham, N. C. 

Henderson, Holt Graham, N. C. 

Holt, Mrs. Ella A Burlington, N. C. 

Hook, Kenneth B 1002 Amherst St., Winchester, Va. 

Hook, Sara Virginia Elon College, N. C. 

Isley, Nettie Myrtle R. 7, Burlington, N. C. 

Jones, Eloise Woodleigh, N . C. 

Jones, Mrs. Mildred Sykes Mebane, N. C. 

Jones, William T R. 1, Holland, Va, 

Johnson, Mrs. R. H Reidsville, N. C. 

Kemp, Ruth Freda R. 1, Box 38, Reidsville, N. C. 

Kernodle, Mrs. Lucy M R. 1, Elon College, N. C. 

Kerns, Virginia Ether, N. C. 

Kivette, Florence Church St., Gibsonville, N. C 

Klapp, Grace Viola Mebane, N. C. 

Lambeth, L. Maedell Elon College, N. C. 

Latta, Baxter Hugh Hillsboro, N. C. 



Bulletin of Elon College— Catalogue Number. 127 

Loy, William Jacksonville, N. C. 

McCollum, Mrs. E. W Eeidsville, N. O. 

McGougan, Verna Lumber Bridge, N . C. 

Merritt, Lena Evelyn Snow Camp, N. 0. 

Morgan, Robbie Juanita Elon College, N. C. 

Murray, Beulah L Snow Camp, N. C. 

Neely, Mrs. Mary McCain Burlington, N. C. 

Perry, Mrs. Mary Lou Burlington, N. C. 

Phelps, Beannie Cedar Grove, N. C. 

Rankin, Mrs. Lucy M Reidsville, N. C. 

Reid, Mrs. Numa Wentworth, N. C. 

Reitzel, Ora Ruth Burlington, N. C. 

Rumley, Mary W Elon College, N . C. 

Saunders, Charles Edward ,R. 3, Kenb ridge, Va. 

Smith, Elwood Brown Summit, N. C. 

Smith, L. E., Jr Elon College, N. C. 

Stephens, Craton G 66 Market St., Hertford, N. C. 

Stokes, Martha Lou Graham, N. C. 

Stone, Annie Reidsville, N. C. 

Stone, Edna R. 3, Reidsville, N. C. 

Strickland, Daisy R. 1, Clinton, N. C. 

Tate, Mrs. Alma C Burlington, N. C. 

Thomas, Mrs. Mary M Burlington, N. C. 

Thompson, Mrs. E. H Liberty, N. C. 

Thompson, E. H Liberty, N. C. 

Thompson, Thelma R. 1, Burlington, N. C. 

Tulchinsky, Emanuel 329 Leslie St., Newark, N. J. 

Wogoner, Blanche Brown Summit, N. C. 

Walker, Bronna P Gibsonville, N". C. 

Walker, Mabel Duella Graham, N. C. 

Walker, Ola Gibsonville, N. C. 

Waynick, Mrs. Mildred G Reidsville, N. 0. 

Webster, Selma Cooper Burlington, N. C. 

Wilkins, Bessie Beatrice Box 266, Haw River, N. C. 

Williams, Athea Josephine Graham, N. C. 

Williams, Mrs. Hettie Hargrave Burlington, N. C. 

Williamson, Ida Baker Burlington, N. C. 

Wilson, Myrtle Foushee Burlington, N. C. 

Wilson, William Woodrow Prospect Hill, N. C. 

Young, Christian, Graham, N. C. 



128 Bulletin of Elon College — Catalogue Number 



SUMMARY. 

Seniors 45 

Juniors 82 

Sophomres 95 

Freshmen 156 

Art 33 

Commercial 59 

Literary 6 

Music 76 

Less those counted twice 80 

Total for regular session 472 

Summer session, 1936 97 

Grand total 570 



,vr 




THE ADT/I 



128 Bulletin of Elon College— Catalogue Number. 



SUMMAEY. 

Seniors 45 

Juniors 82 

Sophomres 95 

Freshmen 156 

Art 33 

Commercial 59 

Literary 6 

Music 76 

Less those counted twice 80 

Total for regular session 472 

Summer session, 1936 97 

Grand total 570 




THROUGH THE SOUTH GATES — THE ADMINISTRATION BUILDING. 






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INISTRATION BUILDING. 



Vol. XXXIV February, 1938 No. 1 

THE BULLETIN 

OF 

ELON COLLEGE 

FORTY - NINTH 

ANNUAL ANNOUNCEMENT 

FOR 

19384939 

AND 

CATALOGUE OF 1937-1938 




ELON COLLEGE 

Elon College, N. C. 

Bulletin Issued Quarterly 



Entered as second-class mail at the postoffice of Elon College, N. C, under 
the act of July 16, 1894. 



Member of 

THE ASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN COLLEGES 

and of the 

NORTH CAROLINA COLLEGE CONFERENCE 



Contents 



Page 

College Calendar 5 

Board of Trustees 6 

The Faculty 7 

Officers of Administration 10 

Faculty Committees 10 

Educational Philosophy of the Church College 11 

Administration 12 

The Physical Environment • 14 

Buildings and Equipment 15 

Historical Sketch 18 

Annual Events ■ 21 

Student Organizations 23 

Expenses • 27 

Academic Regulations 33 

Scholarships 42 

Loan Funds 44 

Endowment and Sources of Income 46 

Outline of Courses of Study 50 

Departments of Instruction of the College : 

Biology 57 

Business Administration 58 

Chemistry 63 

Education 65 

English 71 

Greek 74 

History 74 

Mathematics 76 

Modern Languages 78 

Philosophy and Religion 79 

Physics 81 

Psychology 83 

Sociology 84 

Special Departments of the College : 

Art 85 

Home Economics 86 

Music 83 

Physical Education 92 

Roster of Students in the College 95 

Schedule of Recitations Ill 



1938 


JANUARY 


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College Calendar 

SESSION OF 1938-39 



September 5-6 — Freshman Period. Fall Semester begins. 

September 7 — Registration day for upperclassmen. 

September 10 — Annual Faculty reception. 

September 11 — Opening Address of the President. 

October 15 — Sophomore-Freshman Reception. 

November 4 — Mid-semester grade reports due. 

November 15 — Subjects for Senior Essays due. 

November 17 — Elon Players' Evening. 

November 24 — Thanksgiving Day. 

December 3 — Senior-Junior Dinner. 

December 4 — Elon Singers present Christmas Program. 

December 17, 12:00 M- January 2 — Christmas Holidays. 

January 3 — Classes resume, 8 :00 A. M. 

January 18-21 — First Semester examinations. 

January 23 — Registration day for Second Semester. 

January 24 — Classes for Spring Semester begin. 

February 3 — Freshman-Sophomore reception. 

February 11 — Mid-year Alumni Meeting. 

February 14 — Meeting of the Board of Trustees. 

March 1 — First Draft of Senior Essay due. 

March 9 — Elon Players' Evening. 

March 16 — Senior Dinner, given by President and Mrs. L. E. Smith. 

March 19 — Mid-semester grade reports due. 

March 19-27 — Spring Holidays. 

March 28 — Classes resume, 8 :00 A. M. 

April 9 — Easter Sunday. 

April 15 — Complete copies of Senior Essays due. 

April 29 — May Day Exercises. 

May 13 — Junior-Senior dinner. 

May 23-27 — Second Semester examinations. 

May 27-30 — Commencement Exercises. 

May 30 — Meeting of the Board of Trustees, 9:30 A. M. 

June 5 — Summer School opens. 



Board of Trustees 



Leon Edgar Smith, D. D., President, ex officio Elon College, N. C. 

Dr. W. H. Boone, Chairman Durham, N. C. 

S. C. Harrell, D. D., Secretary Durham, N. C. 

Alton West, Business Manager Elon College, N. C. 

TERM EXPIRES MAY, 1938. 

Col. J. E. West Suffolk, Va. 

Prof. L. L. Vaughan Raleigh, N. C 

S. C. Harrell, D. D Durham, N. C. 

Chas. D. Johnston Elon College, N. C. 

E L. Moffitt, LL. D Greensboro, N. C. 

C. H. Rowland, D. D Greensboro, N. C. 

Luther E. Carlton Paces, Va. 

Dwight Bradley, D. D Newton Centre, Mass. 

TERM EXPIRES MAY, 1940. 

J. E. Rawles, M. D Suffolk, Va. 

J. A. Williams Franklin, N. C. 

Col. E. E. Holland Suffolk, Va. 

W. H. Boone, M. D Durham, N. C. 

J. A. Kimball Manson, N. C. 

W. Horace Day, D. D Bridgeport, Conn. 

Russell J. Clinchy Washington, D. C. 

Richard H. Clapp New Haven, Conn. 

C. W. McPherson Burlington, N. C 

W. B. Truitt Greensboro, N. C. 

TERM EXPIRES MAY, 1942. 

H. Shelton Smith, D. D Durham, N. C 

Harry K. Eversull, D. D Cincinnati, Ohio 

J. O. Atkinson, D. D Elon College, N. C. 

Mrs. Russell T. Bradford R. 2, Suffolk, Va. 

Hon. Kemp B. Johnson Fuquay Springs, N. C. 

Miss Susie Holland Suffolk, Va. 

D. R. Fonville, Esq Burlington, N. C 

Mrs. R. J. Kernodle Durham, N. C. 

J. H. McEwen Burlington, N. C. 

John L. Farmer Wilson, N. C. 

V. R. Holt Burlington, N. C. 

Miles Krumbine Shaker Heights, Cleveland, Ohio 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. 

L. E. Smith, C. W. McPherson, W. H. Boone, S. C. Harrell, C. H, Row- 
land, L. L. Vaughan, and J. L. Farmer. 



The Faculty 



LEON EDGAR SMITH 

President 

A. B., Elon College; M. A., Princeton University; D. D., Elon College 

JOHN DECATUR MESSICK 

Dean, Head of the Department of Education 

Ph. B., Elon College; University of North Carolina; Ph. D., New York 

University 

JULIA MAE OXFORD 

Dean of Women, Associate Professor of Education 

A. B., Bessie Tift College; M. A., University of Georgia; 

Graduate work, Duke University 

ALONZO LOHR HOOK 

Registrar, Professor of Physics 

A. B., M. A., Elon College; M. S., Cornell University, Additional 

Graduate work, Johns Hopkins University, University of 

Chicago, Duke University 

JOHN WILLIS BARNEY 

Professor of English 

A. B., Elon College; Graduate work, Columbia University, University 

of Virginia, University of North Carolina 

GEORGE BEECHER 

Associate Professor of Education and Science 
A. B., Yale; Graduate work, Yale, University of Louisville 

D. J. BOWDEN 

Professor of Religion and Philosophy 

B. S., Virginia Polytechnic Institute; B. D., Ph. D., Yale University 

NED FAUCETTE BRANNOCK 

Professor of Chemistry 

A. B., M. A., Elon College; M. S., Columbia University; Litt. D., 

Defiance College; Additional graduate work, Johns Hopkins 

University, University of North Carolina 

GEORGE L. CARRINGTON 

Chief Surgeon, Alamance General Hospital 

Professor of Health and Hygiene 

A. B., University of North Carolina; M. A., Duke University; M. D., 

Johns Hopkins University 

HELEN V. CHAMBLEE 

Associate Professor of Voice and Public School Music 

A. B., Elon College; Graduate New England Conservatory; Voice pupil 

of Estelle Liebling; Graduate work, Columbia University, 

Juilliard School of Music 



ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

JOHN A. CLARKE 
Professor of Modern Languages 

A. B., Hampden-Sydney College; M. A., University of Virginia; 

Ph. D., Columbia University 

FLETCHER COLLINS, Jr. 

Head of English Department 

Ph. B., Ph. D., Yale University 

LESTER COOLIDGE DICKINSON 

Professor of History 

A. B., M. A., George Washington University. Residence requirements 

completed for Ph. D. at Columbia University 

MERTON FRENCH 

Professor of Religion and Modern Languages 
A. B., Washburn College; M. A., Ph. D., Brown University 

HOWARD S. GRAVETT 

Head of Department of Biology 

A. B., James Millikin University; M. A., University of Illinois 

HORACE HENDRICKSON 

Head Coach and Physical Education Director 

A. B., Duke University 

LAURA HOWARD , 

Professor of Home Economics 

B. S., Woman's College of University of North Carolina; M. A., 

Columbia University 

MRS. SUE CRAFT HOWELL 

Head of Comanercial Department 

A. B., La Grange College; M. S., North Carolina State College 

WAITUS W. HOWELL 

Acting Head of Department of Business Administration 

A. B., Elon College; University of North Carolina 

MRS. OMA U. JOHNSON 

Librarian 

Ph. B.j A. B., Elon College; B. S., Columbia University 

mrs. j. g. McAllister, jr. 

Director of Physical Education for Girls 
A. B., Woman's College of the University of North Carolina 

FLETCHER MOORE 

Associate Professor of Piano and Organ 

A. B., Elon College; M. A., Columbia University; Julliard School 

of Music ; Piano Student of Sascha Gorodnitzki and Guy Maier 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 9 

JOHN URQUART NEWMAN 

Professor of Biblical Language and Literature 

A. B., University of North Carolina; Ph. D., Chicago University; 

Litt. D., LaGrande; D. D., Union College 

LILA CLARE NEWMAN 

Head of Department of Art 

Ph. B., Elon College; Graduate work Columbia University and Harvard 

University 

THOMAS POWER 

Assistant Coach and Director of Intramural Sports 
A. B., Duke University 

STUART G. PRATT 

Head of Department of Music 

A. B., Hartwick College; Mus. B., Philadelphia Musical Academy* 

Mus. M., Syracuse University. Two years' study in Berlin, 

Germany, under Marta Siebold (piano), Hugo Kaun 

(theory and composition), and Walter Scharwenka 

(organ) ; Colleague of the American Guild 

of Organists 

L. E. SPIKES 

Extension Division 

A. B., Duke; M. A., Columbia University; Graduate study, Duke University 

JAMES E. STEWART 

Associate Professor of Business Administration 
A. B., Transylvania College; M. A., University of Kentucky 

WILLIAM B. TERRELL 

Principal Teacher Training 
A. B., Elon College; Graduate work, University of North Carolina 

WALTON CRUMP WICKER 
Head of Department of Mathematics 
A. B., M. A., Elon College; A. B., University of North Carolina; M, A. and 
Professional Diploma in Education, Columbia University; Litt. D., 
LaGrand; D. D., Union College; Additional graduate work, 
Johns Hopkins University, Columbia University, Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, University of 
Virginia, and Duke University 

JAMES OSCAR ATKINSON 

Lecturer on Christian Missions 

A. B., Wake Forrest; M. A., Harvard University; D. D., Elon College 

LANDON WALKER 
Student Director of College Band 



10 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 



OFFICERS OF ADMINISTRATION 

LEON EDGAR SMITH, A. B., M. A, D. D., President. 

J. D. MESSICK, Ph. B., Ph. D., Dean. 

JULIA MAE OXFORD, A. B., M. A., Dean of Women. 

ALONZO LOHR HOOK, A. B., M. A., M. S., Registrar. 

ALTON WEST, A. B., Accountant and Business Manager. 

GEORGE D. COLCLOUGH, A. B.. Field Agent and Financial Secretary. 

ANN RAWLES NEWMAN, A. B., Secretary to the Business Manager. 

M. E. WHITE, Dietitian. 

MELVIN JAMES, R. N., Resident Nurse. 

ALFRED APPLE, Superintendent of Grounds and Buildings. 

MOSES ATKINSON, Assistant Superintendent of Grounds and Buildings. 

EARL W. VICKERS, Superintendent of Power Plant. 



FACULTY COMMITTEES 

Administrative — Dean Messick, Dean Oxford, Mr. West, Dr. Bowden, Prof. 

Hook. 
Alumni Cooperation — Mr. Howell, Dr. Clark, Mr. Colclough. 
Athletic Cimmittee — Prof. Barney, Prof. Hook, Dean Messick, Mr. West. 
Chapel Services — Dr. French, Mr. Pratt, Miss Howard, Miss Chamblee. 
Debates and Literary Societies — Dr. French, Dr. Dickinson, Dr. Collins, Mrs. 

Johnson, Prof. Brannock. 
Dramatics — Dr. Collins, Miss Howard, Mr. West, Prof. Stewart. 
Admission and Credits — Prof. Hook, Dean Messick, Dean Oxford. 
Library — Mrs. Johnson, Dr. French, Prof. Gravett, Mrs. Howell. 
Music Organization — Mr. Pratt, Prof. Moore, Miss Chamblee. 
Practice School — Dean Messick, Prof. Beecher, Dean Oxford. 
Religious Organization — Dr. Bowden, Dr. French, Dr. Newman, Mrs. Howell, 

Mrs. Johnson. 
Social Clubs Committee — Prof. Hook, Dean Oxford, Dean Messick, Prof. 

Stewart, Prof. Dickinson. 
Student Loan and Scholarships — Dr. Bowden, Dean Messick, Prof. Hook, Mr. 

West. 
Student Publications — Dr. Co'.lins, Prof. Hook, Mrs. Howell, Prof. Beecher, Mr. 

Colclough. 
Public Entertainment — Mr. Pratt, Dr. Collins, Dean Oxford, Dean Messick, 

Prof. Hook. 
Honors Committee — Dean Messick, Dr. Collins, Dr. Dickinson. 
Curriculum — Dean Messick, Dr. Collins, Prof. Hook, Dr. French, Dr. Bowden, 

Prof. Beecher. 



Catalogue of Elon College 

EDUCATIONAL PHILOSOPHY 

The purpose of this Catalogue is to set forth concisely the 
principles involved in progressive education, as contained in 
the curriculum of Elon College. Parents and students will 
find these principles both interesting and stimulating, and are 
invited to examine the same carefully. 

The Church College. — Elon College is a church institu- 
tion, supported by the Congregational-Christian Church for 
the specific purpose of training young men and young women 
under moral and religious influences. It is not the purpose of 
the College to change or uproot honest faith in any heart, but 
to afford to every individual opportunities for moral develop- 
ment and spiritual advancement. The Church under whose 
auspices Elon College was founded and has been maintained 
has always believed in Christianity as the way of life, not as 
a system of theology or a body of doctrine. The College feels 
that Christianity is the basis for the student's way of life at 
Elon and in the years to come. The College seeks through 
education and example to preserve and develop religious values 
as a means of developing Christian character and safeguarding 
civilization. 

The Progressive College. — As a progressive college, Elon 
believes that education is a process of learning through exper- 
iences, and that these experiences should be not only intellec- 
tual, but also emotional, religious and social. Directed oppor- 
tunities are therefore given for students to gain a human 
understanding of books, themselves and other people, and 
their God. 

The Small College. — Elon College feels strongly that there 
are distinct advantages to the student in the small college en- 
vironment. There is a solidarity of interests among faculty 



12 ELQN COLLEGE BULLETIN 

and students, a group unity, which would not be as possible 
with larger numbers. Everyone knows everyone else, and a 
friendly, democratic spirit is made possible. Individualized 
instruction, personal interest and understanding on the part 
of teachers and students, and a genuine spirit of Christian 
cooperation characterize life at Elon College. 

College life at Elon is wholesome and invigorating. The 
students are not extravagant in their living, and the cost of 
education is reasonable. There are opportunities for self-help, 
affording students with limited means jobs that will pay part 
of their expenses. However, these grants are limited in 
number. 

ADMINISTRATION 

To carry out the educational philosophy of the College, 
there is an administrative organization. 

Board of Trustees. — The Board of Trustees is the final 
authority in the disposition of all matters of government and 
administration. 

President — The President is the resident agent of the 
Board and is responsible for administrative policies and plans 
for the advancement of the College. He is assisted by the 
Faculty of which body he is chairman, and, in monthly meet- 
ings with the Faculty, discusses and acts upon the manifold 
problems of administration. 

The Faculty. — The Faculty is a democratic body, and in 
meetings acts upon legislative measures pertaining to the cur- 
riculum. It also passes upon the reports and recommendations 
of Faculty committees, through which groups much of the 
detail of educational research and planning is done. These 
committees also act administratively for the Faculty in the 
interim between its sessions, but have no legislative authority. 

Dean. — The Dean of the College is responsible for the 
administration of the curriculum, regulates attendance for 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 13 

men students at classes, chapel and other religious services, and 
is in charge of the character-building and guidance programs 
for the men of the College. He is the adviser of the Student 
Senate. He also represents the President when the latter is 
out of town. 

Dean of Women. — The Dean of Women regulates, for the 
women, attendance at classes, chapel and other religious ser- 
vices, and gives permissions to leave the campus. She resides 
on the campus and is in charge of the character-building pro- 
gram for the women of the College. She is adviser of the 
women's Council. 

The two Deans, in cooperation with the President, have 
jurisdiction over the social functions of the College, and the 
officers of Student Government confer with these officials for 
advice regarding these functions. 

Business Manager. — The Business Manager carries out the 
business and financial policies of the College as directed by 
the Board of Trustees. All business contracts must have his 
endorsement before they are binding on the College. He is 
the purchasing agent for all branches of the College, and is 
custodian of all its assets and properties. He is also general 
manager of all student self-help work done on the campus, 
and of all college service departments. 

Student Government — This important branch of college 
government was granted its first constitution by the Faculty 
in 1919, and has since that time successfully operated through 
the men's Senate and later also through the women's Council. 
These constitutions, together with the by-laws of the two or- 
ganizations, are printed in the Elon Handbook. 

Registrar. — The Registrar of the College receives all ap- 
plications for entrance, and keeps the academic records of all 
students. He has charge of admissions, transcripts of records, 
grades, and other statistical data. 



14 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

THE PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT 

The Location. — Elon College is located sixty-four miles 
west of Raleigh, seventeen miles east of Greensboro, and four 
miles west of Burlington, on the North Carolina division of 
the Southern Railway. The railroad is the southern boundary 
of the campus, and it commands a view of the college build- 
ings. State Highway No. 100 is the northern boundary. 

Eight mail and passenger trains pass the College daily. 
The short line of the Carolina Coach Company passes the 
College and affords bus accomodations to the students to all 
parts of the country. 

The Campus. — The College Campus presents a most 
beautiful and attractive appearance. It is spacious and, for 
the most part, is covered by stalwart native oak and hickory. 
Shrubbery has been placed on the campus where such ad- 
ditions would add to the beauty and attractiveness of the 
grounds. The concrete walks and driveways add to its native 
beauty and charm. Its very atmosphere is a contribution to 
the development of manhood and womanhood. The massive 
brick wall surrounding the campus lends dignity as well as 
protection and quietude. 

The Climate. — Climatic conditions are unusually favorable 
to the mental and physical development of the Elon student. 
At all seasons of the year the temperature is moderate, with 
an annual average of about 60 degrees. The winter season is 
usually short and the fall and spring seasons long and pleas- 
ant. The health of the student is thus naturally safeguarded, 
and there is abundant opportunity for the beneficial effects of 
much time spent out of doors in an atmosphere neither ener- 
vating nor forbidding. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 15 

BUILDINGS AND EQUIPMENT 

Elon College has been accurately described by an official 
of the Association of American Colleges as "the best equipped 
small college in the country." Ten buildings, thoroughly 
equipped for living and study, are on the campus; five of them 
have only recently been completed and are modern in every 
detail. 

The Greater Elon Group 

These five, three-story, fire-proof structures are constructed 
of brick and reinforced concrete, and all are identical in their 
architectural design. 

Alamance Building. — This is the administration building, 
and houses classrooms; administrative offices; the laboratories 
of the Business, Home Economics, Mechanical Drawing, and 
Art Departments; and the College Bookstore. The citizens 
of Alamance County undertook to raise an amount necessary 
to erect and equip this building. 

Carlton Library. — This building, the gift of Trustees P. J., 
H. A., and L. E. Carlton, and their sister, Mrs. T. S. Parrott, 
has a stack-room capacity for 187,500 volumes. The reading 
room has seating capacity for one hundred readers. Besides 
offices and work room for the library force, the building con- 
tains fourteen professors' research and office rooms and seven 
students' seminar rooms. 

Whitley Memorial Auditorium. — In memory of his father- 
in-law, Mr. L. H. Whitley, Mr. J. M. Darden lent $50,000 to 
assist in the erection of this building. This building houses 
the large college auditorium, designed to seat 1,000 persons, 
and is used for chapel and church services, community gath- 
erings, lyceum performances, motion pictures and concerts. 
The Music Department is completely contained in the build- 
ing, with five studios, twenty-two practice rooms with upright 



16 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

pianos, a four-manual Skinner organ, an Estey practice organ, 
and several grand pianos. The auditorium is equipped with 
a professional motion picture projection apparatus, and on the 
stage is a projection screen and adequate lighting. The equip- 
ment of the building is outstanding. 

Mooney Christian Education Building. — In memory of 
Rev. Isaac Mooney, his father-in-law, Mr. M. Orban, Jr., gave 
this building to the college. The building is devoted to the 
religious and social activities of the college. At opposite ends 
of the building on the first floor are the Y. M. C. A. and Y. 
W. C. A. recreation rooms. The second floor provides as- 
sembly hall, classrooms, and offices for the Department of 
Philosophy and Religion. The assembly hall has a seating 
capacity of 400 and is adequately equipped for student dra- 
matic performances. On the third floor is a unique feature, a 
completely graded Sunday School plant used by the entire 
community. In the basement is a woodworking shop, which 
is equipped with power tools. 

Duke Science Building. — In memory of their mother, Mrs. 
Artelia Roney Duke, a native of Alamance County, Messrs. 
J. B. and B. N. Duke donated $60,000 toward the erection of 
this modern, fire-proof building. The first floor of the build- 
ing is used by the Department of Physics and the Elon Press, 
the second by the Departments of Biology and Geology, and 
the third by the Department of Chemistry. Each floor is 
fully equipped with modern scientific furniture and labora- 
tory apparatus. 

Dormitories 

East Dormitory. — This is the only original building left 
on the campus. It is used as a dormitory for men, and is a 
three-story brick structure, completely overhauled and fitted 
up with all modern conveniences. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 17 

Alumni Building. — This building, erected in 1912, is the 
gift of the alumni to Alma Mater. It is a three-story, brick 
structure, and is used as a dormitory for men, with a men's 
gymnasium on the first floor. 

West Dormitory. — This is a three-story brick building next 
to the Library, and measures 158 by 46 feet. On the second 
and third floors are modern accommodations for 120 women 
students. The first floor contains a large reception hall, guest 
rooms and parlors, the infirmary, and living quarters for Fac- 
ulty women. The building has an annex which houses the 
two dining halls, the kitchen, and the women's gymnasium. 

Ladies' Hall. — This is a two-story brick edifice, with ac- 
commodations for 64 women. The interior has recently been 
renovated and modernized. 

Men's Hall. — Traditionally known as Publishing House, 
this building has been renovated, and is used as a dormitory 
for 50 men. 

Other Buildings 

West End Hall. — This is a fourteen-room dwelling, and 
is used as an apartment house for faculty members. 

Power Plant. — The power plant is the central station for 
heat, light, water and other service functions for the college 
buildings. Adjacent to the plant is a 50,000-gallon steel water 
tank with a deep well of pure water. 

Special Equipment 

Athletic Field. — The Athletic field contains thirty-four 
acres located near the campus, and has adequate space for all 
sports. 

Visual Education Aids. — The projection booth of the Aud- 
itorium is equipped with two 35-millimeter sound-on-film 
projectors. These projectors have low intensity arc lamps and 



18 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

RCA sound-heads. This equipment is used weekly for edu- 
cational and entertainment purposes. Projection facilities are 
provided for film strips, glass slides, opaque objects, and 16- 
millimeter films. 

Elon Press. — Housed in the Science Building is the Elon 
Press, composed of an electrically-driven printing press, seven 
complete fonts of Century and Cloister types, a composing 
table, and adequate apparatus for the printing of student pub- 
lications. 

Dramatic Stage. — The student stage in the Mooney Chris- 
tian Education Building has a proscenium opening of twenty- 
two feet and a depth of fifteen feet. Equipment includes a 
cyclorama, four mobile spot-lights, and other lighting appara- 
tus of modern design. Dressing rooms and a costume ward- 
robe are off the wings of the stage. 

HISTORICAL SKETCH 

The history of Elon College is a constituent part of the 
history of the Christian Church in the Southeast. In 1794 the 
Reverend James O'Kelly and a group of dissenters from Wes- 
leyan Methodism, then spreading through the nation, met at 
Lebanon Church in Surry County, Virginia. This group 
agreed to found what was the first democratically governed 
church to arise on American soil. They named the church 
"Christian, to the exclusion of all party and sectarian names." 
They were interested in Christianity, not as a system of the- 
ology or a body of doctrines, but as a way of life. It was on 
this basis that the Christian and Congregational Churches 
merged in 1929. 

It was on this basis, also, that Elon College in 1889 was 
founded and has been developed. Many church colleges were 
established in the Nineteenth Century; nearly every denom- 
ination had and still has a church college for the training of 
its own leadership and as its contribution to civilization. From 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 19 

the early beginning in North Carolina and Virginia there had 
been a demand on the part of the Christian Church that there 
be established a college for the denomination. The demand 
grew with the church, and in September, 1888, the Southern 
Convention met in extraordinary session in Old Providence 
Church, Graham, North Carolina, to hear the reports and 
recommendations of the Committee on Schools and Colleges. 
The Convention appointed a provisional Board for the 
proposed college, authorizing the Board to choose a site for 
the college and to make the necessary legal and financial trans- 
actions. The Board was composed of Dr. W. S. Long, Dr. J. 
Pressley Barrett, Hon. F. O. Moring, Col. J. H. Harden, and 
Dr. G. S. Watson. Dr. W. S. Long, a pioneer in higher edu- 
cation, opened a school in Graham in 1865, which developed 
into Graham Normal College, a forerunner of Elon College. 
Led by Dr. Long, the Board finally chose a site at a village 
then known as Mill Point, six miles from Graham. A tract 
of twenty-five acres of land at Mill Point was given by the 
Hon. W. H. Trollinger of Haw River. The citizens of Mill 
Point donated twenty-three acres additional, and four thou- 
sand dollars in cash. In consideration of these donations the 
college was located at Mill Point. 

The Provisional Board preferred other names, but owing 
to the predominance of stalwart oaks on the site, selected the 
name "Elon," the Hebrew word meaning oak. 

On March 11, 1889, Elon College was chartered and in- 
corporated by the General Assembly of the State of North 
Carolina. (Private Laws of North Carolina for 1889, chapter 
216, sections 1-12.) 

In keeping with the charter provisions, the original Board 
of Trustees numbered fifteen: W. S. Long, }. W. Wellons, W. 
W. Staley, G. S. Watson, M. L. Hurley, E. T. Pierce, W. J. 
Lee, P. J. Kernodle, J. F. West, E. E. Holland, E. A. Moffitt, 
J. M. Smith, J. H. Harden, F. O. Moring, and S. P. Read. 



20 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

According to this charter, the "said institution" of Elon 
College was to "remain at the place where the site is now locat- 
ed, in Alamance County, Boone Station Township, at the place 
now called Mill Point." The purpose of the college was to 
"afford instruction in the liberal arts and sciences." 

Dr. Long was elected president of the college, and six ad- 
ditional members of the faculty were elected, including Dr. J. 
U. Newman, who is still a member of he faculty. Two build- 
ings were erected on the site at Mill Point: the Administrative 
Building, a large three-story, brick building that housed the 
library, laboratories, the administrative offices, society halls, and 
classrooms for all departments; the other a dormitory for girls. 
The latter still stands on the campus. 

After four years, Dr. Long was succeeded as president in 
1893 by Dr. W. W. Staley, then pastor of the Suffolk (Virginia) 
Christian Church, who served as non-resident president without 
salary. 

Upon Dr. Staley's resignation in 1905, Dr. E. L. Moffitt was 
elected to succeed him. Dr. Moffitt served six years, during 
which time two additional buildings were erected on the cam- 
pus. A larger dormitory for girls, West Dormitory, was built, 
and East Dormitory was given over to boys. In addition, the 
power house was erected, providing electric light and steam 
heat for the college buildings. 

In 1911, Dr. E. L. Moffitt resigned as president, and Dr. 
W. A. Harper, then a member of the faculty, was elected and 
began the longest term of office in the history of the college. 
In 1912, a larger boys' dormitory and gymnasium combined 
was built and financed through the generosity of Elon Alumni. 
It is properly known as Alumni Building. 

In 1913, Ladies' Hall was erected to take care of an in- 
creased enrollment of girls. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 21 

During the period of America's participation in the World 
War, regular enrollment at Elon declined. However, a con- 
tingent of the R. O. T. C. was stationed at Elon which tempora- 
rily greatly increased the student population. 

In January, 1923, the Administration Building was de- 
stroyed by fire, and students and faculty carried on as best they 
could with improvised classrooms and equipment. Out of the 
ashes of the old building rose a great rebuilding program, to 
be undertaken in terms of the growth and development of the 
college. Facilities had for several years been inadequate, and 
the destruction of the central building made this program of 
reconstruction imperative. 

With the onset of the depression of 1929-33, the heavy 
mortgages and a decreased enrollment combined to bring hard 
times upon Elon. Following Dr. Harper's resignation in June, 
1931, the College was without a president until October of 
that year, and there was grave doubt as to whether Elon would 
be able to open its doors to students in the fall of 1931. At 
this desperate moment the Board of Trustees elected as presi- 
dent Dr. L. E. Smith, then pastor of the Christian Temple of 
Norfolk, Virginia. 

Dr. Smith succeeded in bringing Elon through the stormy 
years of the depression, and not only recouped the losses in 
personnel and students, but by 1936 had greatly reduced the 
indebtedness of the institution and increased the student en- 
rollment to more than 500. Financial problems still confront 
the College; however, the future is decidedly hopeful. Modest- 
ly, but with determination, the college is working towards a 
modern curriculum for education at the college level, a curri- 
culum which will best serve youth in our complex world. 

ANNUAL EVENTS 
Certain annual events at the College have become Elon 
traditions, and are anticipated with great pleasure by the stu- 
dents and faculty. Some of these events are broadcast directly 



22 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

from the College through Station WBIG of the Columbia 
Broadcasting System. 

Faculty Reception. — The Faculty gives a formal reception 
to the students on Saturday evening after the College opens in 
September. 

Lyceum Entertainments. — The Faculty committee on Pub- 
lic Entertainments each year schedules a series of concerts, re- 
citals, plays, and lectures by distinguished artists of national 
reputation. These performances are scheduled throughout the 
year, and open to all Elon students upon payment of their Ac- 
tivity Fee. These programs are also available to the general 
public upon subscription to the series. 

Players' Evenings. — At least three times during the year, 
public performances of full-length plays are given by the Elon 
Players. 

College Recitals. — Members of the Music Department and 
advanced students in Music each year give a series of recitals in 
Whitley Memorial Auditorium on Sunday afternoons and on 
other occasions. 

"The Messiah." — Shortly before the beginning of the 
Christmas holidays, the Elon Singers present Handel's classic 
oratorio, "The Messiah." It is presented in Whitley Memorial 
Auditorium by candlelight. 

Banquets. — The President and his wife are accustomed to 
giving an annual banquet to the Senior class. 

Garden Party. — The President and his wife give a Garden 
Party to the Senior class, Faculty members, alumni and visitors 
on the afternoon of Monday of Commencement week. 

Art Exhibit. — The Art Department gives an annual exhibit 
of student work. The exhibit takes place in the Art Studio 
during the commencement season. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 23 

Commencement. — This final event of the year begins on 
Saturday before the fourth Sunday in May. Commencement 
exercises include the Baccalaureate Sermon, the awarding of 
academic and honorary degrees and distinctions, and a com- 
mencement address by some noted person. Immediately after 
the close of commencement exercises, the Board of Trustees 
meets in final session. 

STUDENT ORGANIZATIONS 

The Community Church. — The Community Church is 
made up of students, faculty members and residents of the 
town. Church services are held each Sunday in the Whitley 
Memorial Auditorium. The pastor of the church is Dr. L. E. 
Smith, President of the College. Ministers from other churches 
and denominations are frequently invited to occupy the college 
pulpit. 

The Church School. — The Community Church, together 
with the College, maintains a church school. 

Student Christian Association. — The Student Christian As- 
sociation is responsible for student religious activities on the 
campus. Among these activities are included the Sunday even- 
ing Vesper Services in which students and outside speakers par- 
ticipate, Student Sunday School in which International Sunday 
School Lesson, Current Social Problems, and other subjects are 
considered, Morning Prayer Service, Social Service in the com- 
munity, occasional socials on the campus. The association 
functions primarily through committees, but includes within 
its membership more than half of the student body, students 
pledging themselves to foster Christian Principles in the cam- 
pus life. 

Ministerial Association. — The Ministerial Association com- 
prises the members of the student body who intend to enter the 
Christian Ministry, directors of Religious Education, social ser- 
vice, or medical missionaries. Meetings of this group are held 



24 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

weekly, in which discussion and practice-preaching are utilized 
to help prepare the prospective minister for his profession. 

The Elon Singers. — This is a mixed chorus of students, or- 
ganized for two purposes: as the College Choir it regularly 
furnishes the music for the weekday chapel services and Sunday 
morning services of the Community Church; as the Elon Sing- 
ers it presents concerts of sacred and secular music at the 
College and in various communities in North Carolina 
and adjoining states. Its membership is open to the entire 
student body. 

Elon Band. — This colorful organization, equipped with 
band instruments and uniforms in the college colors, supplies 
music and good cheer for intercollegiate athletic contests and 
other functions at the college. Training is given to all students 
who own or can play band instruments. 

Elon Orchestra. — This is an orchestra which provides en- 
tertainment for college activities. 

Elon Players. — Several groups of students, interested in 
active participation in the writing and production of plays, 
combine to form the larger group called Elon Players. The 
class in Shakespeare each year produces a Shakespeare play. 
The class in Dramatic Literature writes its own plays and 
produces them for invited audiences as well as producing for 
the public plays by modern dramatists. Other groups, not 
members of these classes, produce plays from time to time. 
The Players constitute a chapter of the National Dramatic 
Fraternity, Delta Psi Omega. They are also members of the 
North Carolina Dramatic Association, and take part in its 
activities. 

Social Science Honorary Society. — This is the Alpha Chap- 
ter in North Carolina of Pi Gamma Mu, the National Social 
Science Honor Society. The purpose of the organization is to 
give recognition to those students and faculty members who 
have attained distinction in the fields of Social Sciences. Elec- 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 25 

tions are held in the fall and spring, at which time Seniors and 
others who are eligible are received into membership in the 
society. 

The Elon Debaters, — This organization is a member of 
the North Carolina Inter-Collegiate Debating Association, and 
makes a number of trips each year to debate at tournaments 
with other college teams. Current economic and social prob- 
lems are subjects of their debates. 

Social Clubs. — Under supervision of their faculty advisers 
and with regulations as provided in the Elon Handbook, the 
social clubs are recognized as follows: 

For men: Alpha Pi Delta; Iota Tau Kappa; Kappa Psi 
Nu; Sigma Phi Beta. 

For women: Beta Omicron Beta; Delta Upsilon Kappa; 
Tau Zeta Phi. 

Each of these organizations has a club room on the first 
floor of the Christian Education Building. 

Maroon and Gold. — The publication of the college news- 
paper, "Maroon and Gold," is undertaken by the college class 
in Journalism. This group serves as the editorial staff and also 
sees the paper through the Elon Press. The headquarters of 
the Elon journalists is in the Printing Room of the Duke 
Science Building. The newspaper appears at least once every 
two weeks during the college year. This publication is a 
member of the North Carolina Collegiate Press Association 
and of the Associated Collegiate Press. Students who are not 
members of the course in Journalism may write for the paper 
as an extra-curricular activity. 

Elon Colonnades. — This is the college literary magazine. 
It is written and printed at least twice each year by students 
interested in creative expression, both verse and prose. The 
magazine, in being completely the literary production and 
press work of students, is unique among college magazines 
in North Carolina. 



26 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

Phipsicli. — Phipsicli is the college annual, edited by mem- 
bers of the Senior class. The name commemorates the three 
erstwhile "literary societies" of the college. First published 
in 1913, this annual now ranks high in the college field. 

Elon Handbook. — The Handbook is a manual for Student 
Government and contains the constitutions and by-laws of the 
Senate and the Women's Council, as well as information need- 
ed by entering students. A copy of the Handbook is furnished 
to each student upon registration and is the basis for the learn- 
ing process during the Orientation Period. 

Class Organizations. — Each of the four classes has its own 
organization, and each year elects its officers and representa- 
tives to the student government. The Freshman class organ- 
izes on the first Tuesday in October. Each class selects some 
member of the faculty other than the President or Deans as 
its adviser. 

Inter-Collegiate Athletics. — There are varsity teams at 
Elon in the following sports: football, basketball, baseball, 
tennis, and wrestling. These teams represent the college in 
inter-collegiate contests and are under the supervision of the 
Director of Athletics and his assistants. Any student is eligi- 
ble for these teams who meets the regulations governing Inter- 
Collegiate Athletics as printed in the Handbook. Elon Col- 
lege is a member of the North State Inter-Collegiate Athletic 
Association. 

The "E" Men's Club. — This is the varsity athletic organi- 
zation and is composed of all students who have been awarded 
an "E" for participation in inter-collegiate athletics. 

Intramural Athletics. — In addition to the varsity squads, 
there is ample provision for intramural contests in touch-ball, 
basketball, baseball, and tennis. These games are open to all 
students who are not participating on a varsity team in the 
same sport. Teams are formed from the Men's Dormitories, 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 27 

from Men's Social Clubs, and from the Faculty, and in group 
sports a season of league games is played. 

Business Administrators. — Business majors of Sophomore 
level and above are eligible for membership in the Business 
Administrators Club. It is the purpose of the Club to make 
the students' business training as practical as possible by spon- 
soring talks by business men and by arranging visits to indus- 
trial plants and business offices. Through these contacts the 
students receive helpful vocational guidance, and their under- 
standing of business and industrial activity is deepened. 

Commercial Club. — The Commercial Club functions for 
the benefit of Secretarial students taking a one- and two-year 
Secretarial course. The purpose of the club is twofold. First, 
it assists in creating a business atmosphere in the classroom by 
sponsoring demonstrations of up-to-date office equipment and 
by making contacts with outside business organizations for 
the privilege of inspection trips and lectures from members of 
those organizations. Second, the club provides a means for 
social contacts among the students within the department. 

The Education Club. — This club has been organized with 
the primary object of promoting a professional attitude on the 
part of student teachers ; to bring outstanding educators to the 
campus, and to visit schools to see the actual operation of 
school processes. 

STUDENT EXPENSES 

The detailed expenses of the College year of nine months 
are as follows: 

Registration Fee $ 60.00 

Student Activities Fee 15.00 

Tuition 75.00 

Total for Day Students $ 150.00 

Room Rent $ 50.00 to 75.00 

Board 144.00 to 180.00 

Total for Boarding Students . $ 344.00 to $ 405.00 



28 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

Room Rent — The price of room rent per student in the 
College dormitories is as follows: 

Alumni Building $ 50.00 

West Dormitory (front rooms) 60.00 

West Dormitory (other rooms) 50.00 

East Dormitory 75.00 

Ladies' Hall 60.00 

Men's Hall 60.00 

Note: Students occupying corner rooms pay $2.50 per semester 
extra in all buildings. 

Two students occupy one room together. Single beds are 
furnished in all dormitories. The room rental includes current 
for one 60-watt lamp for each student. If additional lights are 
desired the charge will be 75 cents per light per semester. A 
charge of $1.25 per semester is made to cover extra current 
used when a radio is operated in a dormitory room. The 
College reserves the right to change rooms or a room-mate of 
any student at any time, but no student is allowed to change 
rooms without permission from the business office. Students 
are expected to furnish pillows, bed linen, towels, etc. 

Boarding Department — For the convenience of students 
and parents board payments have been divided into install- 
ments payable on the following dates: 

College Club 

D ining Hall D ining Hall 

September 6th $ 20.00 $ 16.00 

October 4th 20.00 16.00 

November 1st 20.00 16.00 

November 29th 15.00 12.00 

January 3rd 15.00 12.00 

January 23rd 20.00 16.00 

February 20th 20.00 16.00 

March 28th 10.00 8.00 

April 11th 20.00 16.00 

May 5th 20.00 16.00 



$ 180.00 $ 144.00 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 29 

The board payments are based on four-week periods and 
not on the calendar month. 

Only a limited number of students can be accommodated 
in the Club Dining Hall, and placement of students there is 
made only on reservation. No deductions are made in board 
charges for absence from meals for less than a full consecutive 
week. The price of board is subject to change without notice. 

In order to facilitate figuring of expenses for any combin- 
ation of dining hall and dormitory, the following tables are 
given : 

Regular College Expenses 

East Dormitory: 

Club College 

Dining Hall Dining Hall 

Board $ 144.00 $ 180.00 

Room 75.00 75.00 

Tuition 75.00 75.00 

Registration Fee 60.00 60.00 

Student Activity Fee 15.00 15.00 

Total for Year $ 369.00 $ 405.00 

Per Semester 184.50 202.25 

Per Half-Semester 92.25 101.25 

Men's Hall, Ladies' Hall, West Dormitory (Front) : 

Club College 

Dining Hall Dining Hall 

Board $ 144.00 $ 180.00 

Room 60.00 60.00 

Tuition 75.00 75.00 

Registration Fee 60.00 60.00 

Student Activity Fee 15.00 15.00 

Total for Year $ 354.00 S 390.00 

Per Semester 177.00 195.00 

Per Half-Semester 88.50 97.50 



30 ELQN COLLEGE BULLETIN 

North Dormitory, West Dormitory Other than Front) : 

Club College 

Dining Hall Dining Hall 

Board $ 144.00 $ 180.00 

Room 50.00 50.00 

Tuition 75.00 75.00 

Registration Fee 60.00 60.00 

Student Activity Fee 15.00 15.00 

Total for Year $ 344.00 $ 380.00 

Per Semester 172.00 190.00 

Per Half-Semester 86.00 95.00 

Note: These estimates do not include any laboratory fees, ra- 
dio, etc. Corner rooms in all dormitories cost $2.50 per semester 
more than other rooms in the same dormitory. 

Special Courses and Fees. — The following tuition and fees 
for special courses apply only to students taking these items, 
and are not included in above figures: 

Extra Liberal Arts Course (above five courses) . . $ 25.00 
Laboratory Fee (Chemistry, Physics, Biology, 
Home Economics,, Accounting, Secretarial Prac- 
tice, Mechanical Drawing, Botany, Geology and 

Surveying) 10.00 

Piano, Organ, Voice, Violin (2 half-hour lessons 

weekly) 75.00 

Practice Fee, Pipe Organ (one hour daily) 32.00 

Fine Arts 80.00 

Typewriting 30.00 

Practice Teaching Fee (per semester) 15.00 

Graduation Fee (Seniors) 10.00 

Commercial and Secretarial Courses. — When the full Sec- 
retarial or Commercial Course is taken, which includes Book- 
keeping, Shorthand, Typewriting, Business Arithmetic, Pen- 
manship, Filing, Office Methods, and Business English, the 
cost is the same as the regular course as outlined above. 

Music Courses.— Piano, Organ and Voice cost $75.00 each 
for tuition per year. However, the courses in Music Theory, 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 31 

such as Harmony, Public School Music, History of Music, are 
included in the regular tuition if they are taken as a part of 
the five subjects regularly carried. 

Dates of Payments. — The college year is divided into two 
semesters, the first beginning in September and the second in 
January. Three plans of payment of the college expenses are 
offered to students and parents. 

1. Payment of 50% of total expenses at the beginning of 
each semester. 

2. Payment of tuition, room rent, and fees in half-yearly 
payments at the beginning of each semester, and the board 
in monthly payments on dates as listed under "Boarding De- 
partment" above. By this method the initial payment each 
semester for above would be from $116.00 to $132.50, plus any 
extras, depending upon location of room and dining hall. The 
remaining monthly payments would be for board only. 

3. The total expenses for the year may be divided equally 
into ten installments to be paid promptly and without offset 
on dates listed above under "Boarding Department." 

Each parent or student is requested to notify the Business 
Office concerning the plan selected in order that all concerned 
may know definitely the plan of payment to be followed 
through the year. 

Incidental and Miscellaneous Expenses. — Books are esti- 
mated to cost from $20.00 to $25.00 per year, about $15.00 of 
which will be needed at the fall term opening. Books are 
sold at the Bookstore and for cash only. 

An acceptance fee of $5.00 is paid by all boarding students 
when they place their applications for admission to the college. 
This fee is credited to the student's expenses when he or she 
registers. The payment of this fee also reserves a room and 
boarding place for those living on the campus. 



32 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

A fee of $1.00 is charged for any special test or examin- 
ation taken to make up a deficiency or remove a condition, 
or test or examination on a current course taken other than 
at the regular time. 

A fee of $1.00 is charged for changing a course of study 
after the regular dates set for such changes. 

A fee of $1.00 per day up to five days, is charged for the 
late registration. 

After the first transcript of credits, a fee of $1.00 will be 
charged for each additional transcript requested. 

Work and Scholarship Credits. — Credit for work done, or 
other student aid, applies toward tuition and room rent, and 
not toward board and fees. 

Students who have regular jobs with the College take 
their meals at the College Dining Hall. Students who have 
either work or scholarship aid from the college are required 
to keep the remainder of their expenses paid up promptly in 
order to continue such aid. 

Refunds. — To those leaving college for any reason during 
the term, refunds are allowed on all items in proportion to the 
time spent in college, provided the students remain less than 
twelve of the eighteen weeks in any semester. After that time 
all fees are due in full, and only board, room and tuition are 
refundable on a time basis for the complete semester. 

Students leaving during the term are expected to check 
out through the business office and to secure a final and cor- 
rected statement of their account. 

Financial Requirements. — Payments must be promptly 
made. This is a fixed rule of the Board of Trustees, and the 
college officers are not permitted to make exceptions in favor 
of any person. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 33 

No student will be allowed to take examinations who has 
not made satisfactory settlement of his account prior to the 
beginning of examinations. 

No degrees, certificates, or diplomas will be granted to 
those whose accounts to the College are not paid in full. 

In any case if the student desires credit on any course the 
full tuition charge must be paid. 

Transfer of credit to another institution will not be made 
until the student's account is paid in full. 

No annual will be delivered to a student until his account 
is paid in full for the entire college year. 

ACADEMIC REGULATIONS 

Collegiate Degrees. — The College confers the degrees of 
Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Music upon those who com- 
plete the requirements for the respective degrees. 

Requirements for Admission. — Students may be admitted 
to freshman standing as candidates for the Bachelor of Arts 
degree in Elon College, without examination, on certificate of 
graduation from an accredited four-year high school course, 
with a total of at least fifteen units from the list of subjects ac- 
cepted for admission as given below. A record of the high 
school work should be furnished to the college by the high 
school principal. 

Students who have been graduated from non-accredited 
high schools, or who have attended an accredited high school 
for four years, and have fifteen units of credit, may be admitted 
upon successfully passing the college entrance examinations. 
These examinations will be given at the beginning of each 
semester. 

A limited number of students may be accepted for special 
work or departmental courses, not to exceed fifteen percent of 
the college enrollment and not as candidates for a degree. 



34 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

Subjects acceptable for admission are as follows: 

Units 

Bible 2 

Economics or Social Science 1 

English 4 

French 2 

German 2 

History 4 

Latin 4 

Mathematics 4 

Music 1 

Science 4 

Spanish 2 

Vocational Subjects 3 

No credit in foreign language may be had until the student 
has completed a minimum of two years in at least one foreign 
language. 

Of the fifteen units required for admission, ten are pre- 
scribed as follows: 

Units 

English 3 

Foreign Language 2 

History 2 

Mathematics 2 

Science 1 

Students having been graduated from high school but not 
meeting the prescribed requirements may be admitted on con- 
dition, such condition to be worked off before the beginning 
of the sophomore year. Not more than two conditions can 
be allowed. 

Applicants for advanced standing must present to the 
Registrar of Elon College an official transcript of their work 
in other colleges. Full credit will be given for work in ac- 
credited institutions in so far as it parallels the Work at Elon. 

Every candidate for a Bachelor of Arts degree must com- 
plete at least one full college year of residence work at Elon 
College. Students admitted to advanced standing are subject 
to all the entrance and graduation requirements of the college. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 35 

Classification. — For admission to the sophomore class, a 
student must have removed all entrance conditions and have 
completed not fewer than eighteen semester hours of fresh- 
man work toward a degree. 

For admission to the junior class, a student must have 
completed not fewer than forty-eight semester hours of work 
for credit toward a degree. 

For admission to the senior class, a student must have 
completed not fewer than eighty-four semester hours of work 
toward a degree. 

Classifications are made at the beginning of the school 
year in September, and no new classifications are made during 
the year. 

Registration. — Each student goes to the Dean of the Col- 
lege for a conference and for assignment to a faculty adviser 
who aids the student in arranging his course of study. Before 
entering any department, the student pays the registration fee 
of $30.00 and his other expenses, and receives from the Busi- 
ness Manager a registration card admitting him to the depart- 
ment of the college. The registration fee of $30.00 is payable 
at the beginning of the Fall and Spring Semesters, and no 
student is allowed any privilege of the college until these fees 
are paid. 

Every student is required to register within twenty-four 
hours after his arrival, and not later than 5:30 p. m. of the 
registration days in September and January. The penalty for 
late registration is one dollar for each day after the date set 
for registration, the maximum penalty being five dollars. 

Freshman Orientation Period. — The Freshman Orienta- 
tion Period is for the purpose of introducing the student to 
his environment. It is an endeavor to acquaint the student 
with the policies and ideals of the college. Receptions, assem- 
blies, lectures, and open forums, help to establish a close fel- 



36 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

lowship, and the student is enabled to begin his college life 
more efficiently. Professors are assigned as advisers for a min- 
imum number of freshmen and are, throughout the year, at 
the service of these students. 

Schedule of Studies. — All students are expected to carry 
fifteen hours of college work per week, this amount being 
considered the normal student-load. No student may carry 
less than twelve hours or more than sixteen hours, without 
special permission from the Dean, and in accordance with the 
Handbook regulations for extra work. In making up the 
number of hours required, no course in the Fine Arts, includ- 
ing applied music, can count for more than two semester-hours, 
and no credit is given for physical training in making up the 
120 semester-hours required for graduation. 

Change of Course. — Registration is for an entire course, 
and a course once begun must be continued except in unusual 
circumstances. Continuous elementary subjects must be pur- 
sued for a year in order to be credited toward a degree. Chang- 
ing a course after registration is discouraged, and such change 
may be made only with the permission of the Dean. A charge 
of $1.00 is made for changing a course. No new course may 
be entered after September 30, in the Fall Semester, or Feb- 
ruary 5, in the Spring Semester. Any course dropped after 
those dates automatically draws a grade of "F." 

Nine Hour Rule. — Students failing to pass nine hours of 
the work pursued, may not return for the next semester. This 
rule does not apply to foreign students in the first year of res- 
idence, or to specially admitted students if recommended by 
the Faculty Committee on Admission and Credits; and in the 
case of freshmen students, three hours of the nine may be a 
conditional grade. 

Absences. — See Handbook. 

Semester Examinations. — Semester examinations are given 
in January and May. An average of "D" on each subject in- 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 37 

eluding term standing and examination, is required for credit. 
All students making a grade of "E" on a continuous subject 
may be conditioned if this condition occurs at the end of the 
Fall Semester. A grade of "C" is required during the follow- 
ing semester to remove the condition without a re-examination. 

Students who fail to attend regular tests or examinations, 
or who fail to hand in papers, are regarded as handing in 
blank papers, unless they have been previously excused from 
the examination. Excuses from tests and examinations are 
granted only in case of absolute necessity. Such excuses, to 
be valid, must be obtained from the Dean on or before the 
day of the test or examination, and communicated officially 
to the professor holding the test or examination. 

Special Examinations. — A student wishing a special ex- 
amination must obtain a permit from the Dean before the 
date of the examination. A student who has been excused 
from an examination or who has made an "E" in a subject 
for the Fall Semester, may have opportunity to make good his 
deficiency without taking the subject over, provided the de- 
ficience be removed within one college year from the time it 
was incurred. 

A charge of $1.00 for each test or examination taken out 
of the regular time will be made, except in cases where stu- 
dents have been excused from taking the regular test or ex- 
amination at the regular examination period. 

Senior Deficiencies. — Senior deficiencies may be made up 
either at a special examination arranged by the Dean and the 
instructor, or at the regular examination at the close of the 
Fall Semester. All senior conditions must be made up not 
later than April 1st, in order for the student to become a 
candidate for a degree at the following commencement. 

Graduation Requirements. — At the beginning of the Jun- 
ior year, each candidate for the Bachelor of Arts Degree must 



38 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

elect a major from the department listed below in which 
majors are offered. More than one major may be elected. 

Religion 11-12 is the required course for each candidate 
for a degree. The course must be taken in either the Freshman 
or Sophmore year. If, for any reason, it is practically impos- 
sible for a student to so arrange his course that Religion 11-12 
can be taken in the Freshman or Sophmore year, Religion 
33-34 may be taken as an alternate in the Junior or Senior 
year. 

Those who desire to prepare to teach must satisfy certain 
technical requirements for certification which should be dis- 
cussed with the Dean and the Professor of Education. 

One hundred and twenty semester-credit hours must be 
completed as a minimum for the degree of Bachelor of Arts, 
forty-eight hours of which must be taken on the Junior-Senior 
level. 

Quality Points. — 120 quality points are required for grad- 
uation in addition to the 120 semester-hours of Liberal Arts 
credits as heretofore required. The quality-point values of 
grades are: 

A — 3 quality-points for each semester hour. 
B — 2 quality-points for each semester hour. 
C — 1 quality-point for each semester hour. 

Senior Essay and Comprehensive Examination. — 1. Each 
senior is required to write an essay which is to be directed by 
the head of the department in which the student is majoring 
or someone in that department appointed by the head. The 
professor who directs the paper will serve as chairman of a 
reading committee of three to pass on the paper after it has 
been submitted in final form. The professor who directs the 
paper is to turn in the subject of the essay to the Dean by 
November 15th of the Senior year. The first draft of the 
essay is to be submitted to the professor who is directing the 
work on or before March 1st. Three typewritten copies of the 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 39 

paper are submitted to the reading committee on or before 
April 15th. The student is examined orally on the essay by the 
committee which reads his work. This examination is not to 
exceed one hour. 

2. Each major professor is permitted, at his discretion, to 
offer to the student the option of a comprehensive examination 
in the student's major field as an alternative for the senior 
essay. This examination, according to the judgment of the 
major professor, may be either oral or written or a combination 
of the two. The examination is prepared and administered by 
the membership of the department or by the membership of 
the department and that of a related department, if the mem- 
bership of the department consists of less than two, the head of 
the department acting as chairman. The comprehensive 
examination is to be held between April 15th and May 1st for 
the student's senior year, and is not to exceed two hours if oral 
or three hours if written. 

Certificates. — Departmental Certificates will be given those 
who have completed the course in Music, Art, provided that 
each student shall have completed fifteen units of high school 
work as required for entrance to the college, and have com- 
pleted the requirements for a major in some one of the College 
departments, with an average of at least C for the work done 
both in the special department and in the liberal arts depart- 
ments. In lieu of a major, the candidate may offer thirty 
semester-hours of Freshman liberal arts work. A certificate 
may be secured in the Commercial Department upon the com- 
pletion of a one year's course as outlined by that department. 
No certificate is given in the liberal arts departments of the 
College. 

Honors. — The honor of being valedictorian of his class 
goes to the member of the graduation class who has, during 
the four years of his college course, taken at Elon, made the 
highest average grade in literary work. 



40 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

The honor of being salutatorian of his class goes to the 
member of the graduating class who has, during the four years 
of his college course taken at Elon, made the next highest 
average grade in literary work. 

Diplomas. — Departmental diplomas are granted to those 
who in a single department complete four years of work with 
an average of C, and in addition two majors in the liberal 
arts departments, or sixty semester-hours of Freshman and 
Sophomore work. 

Reading for Honors* — The purpose of the plan of Reading 
for Honors is to encourage those students who have the ability 
and ambition to study independently in going beyond the 
minimum standards of the regular courses. The plan provides 
for the best students a program of training which, alike by its 
freedom and severity, will develop them to the utmost. 

To this end, prospective candidates should apply to the 
Chairman of the Honors Committee not later than May 1st for 
his Junior year. A limited number of applicants is then 
admitted by the committee, after faculty approval. 

The admitted candidate is, at the discretion of his advisory 
committe, either permitted great freedom in class atten- 
dance of regular courses during his senior year or is excused 
from attendance of regular courses altogether. If the latter 
alternate is pursued, an Honors course which adequately paral- 
lels the requirements and subject matter of regular courses is 
followed at the Senior level. 

The Honors course is based upon work already done by 
the candidate in his major and minor fields and is guided 
by a committee composed of one member from each of these 
departments, the professor in the major field acting as coordi- 
nating chairman. Conferences with the chairman occur at 
least once each fortnight, while additional consultations are 
held with the professors in the minor fields. Near the end of 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 41 

the second semester of the senior year an oral comprehensive 
examination in the planned reading is held by the Honors 
Committee and some professor invited from the faculty of 
another college or university. 

If any member of the committee is dissatisfied with the 
progress of the candidate, he may request a consideration by 
the committee of the student's pursuing regular class work 
in any given parallel field. No student may expect to continue 
in the Reading for Honors course who is not satisfying the 
committee that he is progressing satisfactorily. 

Majors. — The College offers majors, four courses only re- 
quired, except as specified, as follows: 

Biology. Mathematics. 

Business Administration, Music, 30 sernester-hours. 

30 semester-hours.* Philosophy. 

Chemistry. Physics. 

English. Religion.! 

French. Science, 6 courses. J 
History. 

A major course will not be formed for fewer than three 
students, a minor for fewer than five. 

Minors. — Any field in which a major is offered, if pursued 
for the first two years, as prescribed in the department of in- 
struction below, may constitute a minor, in addition to the 
following fields : 

German. Applied Mathematics. 

Greek. Education. 

Home Economics. § Geology. 

In addition to the requirement of one major, as specified 
above, two minors totaling twenty-four semester hours, relat- 
ing to the elected major, must be completed. 

*Students majoring in Business Administration are advised to minor in 
Social Science. 

fStudents majoring in Religion have at least two years in each of the 
following subjects: History, Sociology, Physiology, and Greek. 

tThis must include Biology, Chemistry, Physics, and Geography. 

§Home Economics may be rated as a major, provided both Biology and 
Chemistry are pursued as minors. 



42 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

(1) 12 semester-hours in English. 

(2) 12 semester-hours in Foreign language. 

(3) One of the following : 

(a) 12 semester-hours in Mathematics. 

(b) 2 courses in a Natural Science. 

(c) 6 semester-hours in Mathematics and one course in 

natural science. 

(d) 1 course in each of two natural sciences. 

(4) 6 semester hours in Religion. 

• Students must have an average grade of "C" in the major 
field in order to be graduated. 

Six semester-hours in American History and six semester- 
hours in European History are advised. 

Students who plan to pursue graduate work leading to 
the degree of Doctor of Philosophy should take both French 
and German. 

Electives — Any course not chosen as a major or a minor 
may be elected toward the degree. Additional electives are 
provided in Art and in Applied Music. 

Courses in Art and Applied Music receive four semester- 
hours credit per year. Under no circumstances can more than 
twelve semester-hours credit toward the A. B. degree be al- 
lowed in Art and Applied Music. 

SCHOLARSHIPS 

Tuition Scholarships and Self-Helf Positions. — The Presi- 
dent and the Scholarship Committee of the Faculty award all 
scholarships and self-help positions. No scholarship will be 
awarded to a high school graduate whose average has been less 
than "C" and all scholarships are awarded on the condtion that 
the student will average not less than "C" on his college work. 
Self-help positions are awarded on the same basis, with oc- 
casional exceptions. Applications for awards should be in the 
hands of the Scholarship Committee before July 1. The atten- 
tion of the applicant is called to the section on "Work and 
Scholarship Credits," contained on page 32 of this catalogue. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 43 

Alumni Scholarship. — The Alumni Association, in session 
on June 1, 1909, established a scholarship in Elon College. This 
scholarship is awarded in the literary department, and is of 
value of $75.00 a year. 

Elon High School Scholarships. — The Board of Trustees 
offer scholarships to one graduate of any high school of which 
an Elon graduate is principal or superintendent, or a teacher in 
high school work. Said scholarship is good for one year, and 
covers tuition in any liberal arts course. The candidate is to be 
satisfactorily recommended by the principal or superintendent 
and approved by the Faculty Committee on Scholarships. The 
number of such scholarships is limited to ten. 

Public High School Scholarships. — The Board of Trus- 
tees offer ten free tuition scholarships upon the recommenda- 
tion of the principal or superintendent of approved high 
schools, subject to the approval of the Faculty Committee on 
Scholarships. 

Ministerial Students and Minor Children of Ministers. — 

Ministerial students and minor children of ministers who live 
at the college are granted scholarships to cover their regular 
tuition ($75.00). Day students taking the ministerial course, 
and minor children of ministers who are day students will pay 
one-half of the regular tuition charge. 

The J. J. Summerbell Scholarship. — In consideration of a 
bequest of $1,000.00 for that purpose, left the college by the late 
Dr. J. J. Summerbell, the President of the College each year 
will award a $60.00 tuition scholarship, in either the College or 
one of the special departments, good for the succeeding year, 
to that member of either the Freshman, Sophomore, or Junior 
class, who shall write the best thesis on "The First Command- 
ment." The same is to be adjudged by a committee of the 
Faculty. Theses in this competition are to be typewritten and 
in the President's hands, the name of the writer accompanying 
in a sealed envelope, not later than May 1. 



44 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

The Barrett Scholarship. — In memory of Dr. J. Pressley 
Barrett, an original trustee of the College, a free tuition scholar- 
ship is awarded annually to some worthy member of the 
Freshman class. 

The Long Scholarship. — In memory of Dr. W. S. Long, 
founder and first president, a free tuition scholarship is award- 
ed annually to some worthy member of the Freshman class. 

The Staley Scholarship. — In memory of Dr. W. W. Staley, 
second president, a free tuition scholarship is awarded annually 
to some member of the Freshman class. 

The Moflitt Scholarship. — In honor of Dr. E. L. Mofntt, 
third president, a free tuition scholarship is awarded annually 
to some member of the Freshman class. 

The Martyn Summerbell Scholarship. — Dr. Martyn Sum- 
merbell of Lakemont, N. Y., each year awards free tuition 
scholarship to some worthy member of the Freshman class. 

The Parkerson Scholarship. — In memory of her mother, 
Mrs. L. S. Parkerson, Mrs. L. M. Cannon awards annually a 
free tuition scholarship to some member of the Commercial 
Department. 

LOAN FUNDS 

The Bowling Fund. — Dr. E. H. Bowling, Durham, N. C, 
has created a fund to be used in the education of deserving 
students, preferably candidates for the ministry. Those who 
are accepted as beneficiaries of this fund will receive $60.00 per 
year to be applied to their account with the College. They will 
give an interest-bearing note at 6 per cent for the same, with 
acceptable security, and will begin to pay the money back, at 
least one note a year, immediately after graduation. The title 
of this fund will remain in the College, but it is to be perpet- 
ually used for the purpose indicated. Awards of funds are 
made by the President. 






THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 45 

The Amick Fund. — Dr. T. C. Amick, formerly of the 
College Faculty, has created a fund to be loaned to deserving 
students at 6 per cent interest. The President lends this fund 
on proper security. 

The Clarke Fund.— Dr. J. A. Clarke of the College 
Faculty has created a loan fund for deserving students. The 
Business Manager lends this at 6 per cent interest on proper 
security. 

Ministerial Loan Fund. — The treasurer of the College is 
the custodian for the loan fund of $13,031.49 of the Southern 
Convention of Congregational-Christian Churches. It is loaned 
to ministerial students upon the recommendation of a com- 
mittee appointed by the Conventoin. 

The Eastern Virginia Conference Ministerial Fund. — By an 

agreement with the authorities of the College, whereby the 
Eastern Virginia Conference relinquished certain bonds owned 
by it, there is provided a special fund for ministerial students 
from that conference. The value of this fund is $180 per year, 
but it is provided that no one student shall receive over $100.00 
in any one year. If there are two or more ministerial students 
from that conference, the $180.00 is to be equally divided. It is 
further provided that if there are no students who qualify, the 
fund is not cumulative. 

The Masonic Fund. — The Grand Lodge of North Carolina 
has given the College $2,500.00 to be loaned to seniors in Col- 
lege, on acceptable security. 

The Knights Templar Educational Loan Fund. — Under 
the rules of the Grand Commandary, students in Elon College 
may secure loans from this fund. 

The McLeod Fund. — The family of the late Prof. M. A. 
McLeod have established a fund of $2,000.00, the interest on 
which is to be loaned to worthy students on proper security. 



46 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

The John M. W. Hicks Loan Fund. — Mr. John M. W. 
Hicks, of Raleigh, N. C, and of New York City, has estab- 
lished this fund for needy students. The initial amount of the 
fund was $1,000.00. The donor hopes that it may be materially 
increased. It is to assist members of the Junior and Senior 
classes. 

ENDOWMENT AND SOURCES OF INCOME 

Tuition and Fees. — The income from tuition in the literary 
and special departments constitutes a chief and growing source 
of revenue for the support of the College. The income from 
fees, matriculation and departmental, is used to pay the inci- 
dental expenses of the College and of the departments. Besides 
these sources of income and gifts from time to time on current 
expenses, the College has the following sources of revenue: 

The O. J. Wait Fund. — This fund was a bequest from Rev. 
O. J. Wait, D. D., of Fall River, Massachusetts, the amount, 
$1,000.00, being the first bequest that came to the College. 

The Francis Asbury Palmer Fund. — Of this fund $20,- 
000.00 was given by Mr. Francis Asbury Palmer, of New York, 
before his death. The remaining ten thousand dollars having 
been provided for in his will, became available soon after his 
death. 

The Patrick Henry Lee Fund.— This fund of $1,000.00 is 
a bequest from Capt. P. H. Lee, of Holland, Va. 

The J. J. Summerbell Fund. — Dr. J. J. Summerbell, Day- 
ton, Ohio, from its foundation a staunch friend and loyal sup- 
porter of the College, departed life February 28, 1913, and left 
a bequest of $1,500.00 to Elon. 

The Jesse Winbourne Fund. — This fund, a bequest from 
Deacon Jesse Winbourne, of Elon College, N. C, amounting 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 47 

to $5,000.00 became available in January, 1923. It is a part of 
the permanent endowment funds of the College. 

The Southern Convention Fund. — The Southern Conven- 
tion of Congregational-Christian Churches asks the Confer- 
ence composing the Convention for $12,500.00 annually for the 
support of the College. This is called the Elon College Fund. 

This fund is the equivalent of an invested endowment of 
$250,000.00 at 5 per cent. By vote of the Southern Christian 
Convention in May, 1918, a note was given the College for 
$112,500.00 and later $100,000.00 in 6 per cent bonds, as evi- 
dences of this obligation. 

The Carlton Fund. — The family of the late J. W. Carlton, 
of Richmond, Va., P. J. Carlton, H. A. Carlton, Luther Carlton 
and Mrs. T. S. Parrott, gave the College for its permanent 
funds, certain R. F. and P. Railway stocks, to found a Profes- 
sorship in Christian Literature and Methods in memory of Mrs. 
J. W. Carlton. Upon his death, in May, 1935, Mr. P. J. Carlton 
left a bequest adding $25,000.00 to the endowment of the 
College. 

The Corwith Fund. — W. F. Corwith, a former trustee, has 
given the College for its permanent funds $35,000.00 to found 
a Professorship in Biblical Languages and Literature, in mem- 
ory of Mrs. W. F. Corwith. 

The J. W. Wellons Fund. — Dr. J. W. Wellons, several 
years before his death, bought two annuity bonds of the Col- 
lege in the sum of $1,500.00. By the terms of the bonds, at his 
decease they were cancelled and the principal became a part 
of the general endowment of the College. Dr. Wellons desired 
that the Church would supplement his gift till an endowment 
of $300,000 should be provided for the School of Christian 
Education. 

Other Invested Funds. — Other gifts to the permanent En- 
dowment Fund are: One of $25.00 from the late Rev. J. }. 
Summerbell, D. D., of Dayton, Ohio; one of $283.35 from the 



48 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

estate of the late Jos. A. Foster of Semora, N. C; one of $50.00 
by Miss Mamie Tate, as a student loan fund ; and one of $100.00 
to be kept at interest for a term of years, left by the late Rev. 
S. B. Klapp. 

The Francis Asbury Palmer Board Donations. — The late 
Francis Asbury Palmer, who endowed the College, left his 
estate to a Board to administer it in furthering education. This 
Board at one time made a considerable donation in cash for 
current expenses. It provides for the transportation expenses 
of the non-resident lectureship of Dr. Martyn Summerbell. 

The Standardization Fund. — During the spring of 1919, 
a campaign was put on to raise additional endowment. This 
was known as the Standardization Fund. There was raised 
$381,600.00 in cash and subscriptions. 

Forms of Bequest. — A number of friends have made pro- 
vision for the College in the disposition of their property after 
their decease. We appreciate this generous action on their part 
and commend it to the liberal-hearted of our friends, for whose 
convenience we append herewith three forms of bequests : 

FIRST FORM. 

I give and bequeath to the Board of Trustees of Elon College the 

sum of Dollars, to be applied at 

their discretion, for the general purposes of the College. 

SECOND FORM. 

I give and bequeath to the Board of Trustees of Elon College the 
sum of Dollars to be safely in- 
vested by them and called the Scholarship 

Fund. The interest of this fund shall be applied at their discretion 
to aid deserving students. 

THIRD FORM. 

I give and bequeath to the Board of Trustees of Elon College the 
sum of Dollars to be safely invest- 
ed by them as an endowment for the support of the College. 

Annuity Bonds. — Those desiring a stable income on funds 
that they intend to leave the College in their wills, can secure 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 49 

the same by placing such funds with the College treasurer and 
receiving an annuity bond as follows: 

ANNUITY BOND. 

The Board of Trustees of Eton College. 

Elon College., 19... 

Whereas, of has donated 

and paid to the Board of Trustees of Elon College, a corporation 
established under a charter from the State of North Carolina, its 
principal office being located at Elon College, in said State, the sum 

of Dollars, said sum becoming by said gift the 

absolute property of said Board of Trustees of Elon College, the whole 
amount to go direct to said College and ever be administered for its 
advancement by said Board of Trustees: Now, therefore, in consider- 
ation thereof, the said Board of Trustees agree to pay the 

said the interest on the same at 6 per 

cent, payable semi-annuallv, during natural 

life. 

As the above interest provision is made for the sole benefit of the 

said during natural life, it is declared 

to be the intention of the parties subscribed hereto that no obligation 
whatever is, or shall be considered hereby to have been assumed by the 
said Board of Trustees, to the heirs, executors, administrators, or as- 
signs of said for any interest after 

life shall have terminated. 

THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF ELON COLLEGE, 

By President (Seal) 

Witness : Treasurer of Elon College. 

So far five annuity bonds have been taken: two by the 
late Dr. J. W. Wellons, in the sum of $1,500.00; one by Trustee 
A. B. Farmer, in the sum of $1,000.00; one by Mrs. J. P. Avent, 
also in the amount of $1,000.00; and a fifth by Mrs. Esther 
Jenkins, in the sum of $3,000.00. Generous-hearted friends, 
desiring a safe investment of their funds and a sure means of 
perpetuating their memory to generations yet unborn, may 
avail themselves of this inviting privilege. 

Insurance Policies. — Friends may make the College their 
beneficiary in one or more insurance policies. Details of this 
plan will be gladly furnished. 



Outline of Courses of Study 

This section outlines proposed courses of study in specific 
fields. Courses numbered 11 through 19 are on the Freshman 
level, 21 through 29 are on the Sophomore level, and 31 and 
above are on the Junior-Senior level. 

FOUR-YEAR COURSES OF STUDY LEADING TO 
DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF ARTS 

Business Administration 



FRESHMAN 

Hours 

Bus. Adm. 11-12 6 

Bus. Adm. 13-14 6 

History 11-12 6 

English 11-12 6 

French or German 6 

30 
JUNIOR 
Bus. Adm. 31-32-33-34 or 45-46... 6 

Social Science 6 

Math, or Science 6 

Electives 12 



30 



SOPHOMORE 

Hours 

Bus. Adm. 23-24 or 25-26 6 

English 21-22 6 

French or German 6 

Religion 11-12 6 

Math, or Science 6 or 8 

30 or 32 
SENIOR 

Bus. Adm. 41, 35-36, or 43-44 6 

History 48 3 

Electives 21 



30 



English with North Carolina Public School Certificate 

SOPHOMORE 



FRESHMAN 

Hours 

English 11-12 6 

History 11-12 6 

Religion 11-12 6 

French or German 11-12 6 

Math, or Science 6 or 8 

30 or 32 
JUNIOR 

English 38-39 or 61-62 6 

Education 23, 47 • 6 

History 6 

Electives 12 



30 



Hours 

English 21-22 6 

History 6 

French or German 6 

Psychology 21 and 31 6 

Math, or Science 6 or 8 

30 or 32 
SENIOR 

English 45 and 49 6 

English 33-34 6 

Education 57 or 58 3 

Directed Teachings 3 

Electives 12 



30 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 



51 



History and Pre-Law 



FRESHMAN 

Hours 

English 11-12 6 

History 11-12 6 

Religion 11-12 6 

Language 6 

Science or Math 6 or 8 



SOPHOMORE 

Hours 

English 21-22 6 

History 13-14 6 

Pschology 21-24 6 

Language 6 

Bus. Adm. 11-12 6 



32 



30 



JUNIOR 

English 35-36 6 

History 31-32 6 

Science or Math 6 or 8 

Bus. Adm. 33-34 6 

Electives 6 



32 



SENIOR 

History 48 3 

English-History 33 or 34 3 

English 33-34 6 

Electives 18 



30 



Home Economics with Certificate 



FRESHMAN 



Hour 



English 11-12 6 

Chemistry 11-12 8 

Biology 11-12 8 

Home Economics 11-12 6 

French 11-12 6 



SOPHOMORE 

Hours 

English 21-22 6 

Home Economics 13-14 6 

Psychology 21 and 31 6 

Chemistry 31-32 8 

French 21-22 6 



34 



32 



JUNIOR 

Education 47 and 48 6 

Physics 16 4 

Home Economics 23-34 6 

Home Economics 31-32 6 

Religion 33 3 

Psychology 22 3 



32 



SENIOR 

Biology 4 

Biology 42 4 

Education 52 3 

Education (elective) 3 

Home Economics 41 . . . . 3 

Home Economics 42 3 

Home Economics 45 3 

Home Economics 44 3 

Home Economics 43 3 



29 



52 



ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 



Journalism 



FRESHMAN SOPHOMORE 

Hours Hours 

English 11-12 6 English 21-22 6 

French 11-12, or German 11-12.... 6 French 21-22 or German 21-22.... 6 

History 11-12 6 History 6 

Religion 11-12 6 Psychology 21 and 24 6 

Science or Math 6 or 8 Science 21-22 or Math. 21-22 6 or 8 



30 or 32 



30 or 32 



JUNIOR SENIOR 

English 33-34 or 38-39 6 English 41-42 6 

English 61-62 6 English 49 3 

Electives 6 Philosophy 31-32 6 

History 6 Electives 15 

Sociology 31-32 6 — 

— 30 

30 



Bachelor of Arts Degree and Diploma in Piano, Organ, 
Violin, or Voice* 

FRESHMAN SOPHOMORE 

Hours Hours 

Music 13-14 4 Music 11-12 6 

Music 17-18 4 Music 27-28 4 

English 11-12 6 English 21-22 6 

French or German 11-12 6 French or German 21-22 6 

Science or Math 6 or 8 Science or Math 6 or 8 



26 or 28 



28 or 30 



JUNIOR 
Music 21-22 6 



SENIOR 
Music 47-48 4 



Music 23-24 6 Music Elective 6 



Music 37-38 4 

Religion 33-34 6 

General Electives 12 



34 



General Electives 22 

Recital 



32 



^Total hours for degree and diploma 120-124. 
Total hours of music required for diploma 44. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 



53 



Bachelor of Arts Degree and Diploma in Music Theory* 



FRESHMAN 

Hours 

Music 11-12 6 

Music 13-14 4 

English 11-12 6 

French or German 11-12 6 

Science or Math 6 or 8 



SOPHOMORE 

Hours 

Music 21-22 6 

Music 23-24 6 

English 21-22 6 

French or German 21-22 6 

Science or Math 6 or 8 



28 or 30 
JUNIOR 

Music 31-32 6 

Music 17-18 (Piano) 4 

Religion 33-34 6 

General Electives 16 



32 



30 or 32 

SENIOR 

Music 41-42 6 

Music Elective 6 

General Electives 20 



32 



*Total hours for degree and diploma 122-126. 
Total hours of music required for diplom 44. 



Bachelor of Arts Degree and Certificate in Music* 



FRESHMAN 

Music 13-14 4 

Music 17-18 (Voice) 4 

English 11-12 6 

French or German 11-12 6 

Science or Math 6 or 8 



SOPHOMORE 

Music 11-12 6 

Music 23-24 6 

English 21-22 6 

French or German 21-22 6 

Science or Math 6 or 8 



26 or 28 
JUNIOR 

Music 21-22 6 

Religion 33-34 6 

General Electives 20 



30 or 32 
SENIOR 

Music 45-46 6 

Music 34 2 

General Electives 24 



32 



32 



*Total hours for degree and certificate 120-124. 
Total hours of music required for certificate 34. 



Pre-Engineering — Chemical 



FRESHMAN 

Math. 11-12 6 

English 11-12 6 

German 11-12 or French 11-12.... 6 

Chemistry 11-12 8 

Math. 13-14 6 



SOPHOMORE 

Math. 21-22 6 

English 21-22 6 

German 21-22 or French 21-22.... 6 

Chemistry 21-22 8 

Religion 11-12 6 



32 



32 



54 



ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 



JUNIOR 

Hours 

Math 6 

Economics 11-12 6 

Chemistry 31-32 8 

Electives 12 



SENIOR 

Hours 

Math 6 

Business Organization o 

Chemistry 41-42 8 

Electives 12 



32 



32 



Pre-Engineering — Civil 



FRESHMAN 

English 11-12 6 

Math. 11-12 6 

Chemistry 11-12 8 

Math. 13-14 6 

French or German 11-12 6 



SOPHOMORE 

English 21-22 6 

Math. 21-22 6 

Physics 13-14 8 

Math. 23-24 or Bus. Adm. 11-12... 6 
French or German 21-22 6 



32 

JUNIOR 

Math. 31-32 6 

Physics 21-22 8 

Math. 51-52 6 

Elective 6 

Religion 13-14 or 33-34 6 



32 

SENIOR 

Geology 11-12 8 

Math. 41-42 6 

Math. 31-32 6 

Physics 41-42 8 

Electives 6 



32 



32 



Pre-Engineering — Electrical or Mechanical 



FRESHMAN 

English 11-12 6 

Chemistry 11-12 8 

Math. 11-12 6 

Engineering Drawing 13-14 6 

French 11-12 or German 11-12.... 6 



SOPHOMORE 

English 21-22 6 

Physics 13-14 8 

Math. 21-22 6 

Bus. Adm. 11-12 6 

French or German 21-22 6 



32 

JUNIOR 

Physics 41-42 8 

Calculus, Math. 31-32 6 

Physics 21-22 8 

History 11-12 6 

Sociology 31-32 or Philosophy 31-32 6 



32 

SENIOR 

Physics 31-32 8 

Math. 41-42 6 

Bus. Adm. 33-34 6 

Religion 33-34 6 

Elective 6 



34 



32 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 



55 



Pre-Medical or Pre-Dental 

The following courses are suggested to the student con- 
templating a Medical or Dental profession. The courses listed 
for the Freshman and Sophomore years include all of the 
required courses for entrance to Medical School, and fulfill 
the minimum requirements of the Council on Education of 
the American Medical Association. For the student wishing 
to spend more than two years, courses have been suggested 
which will meet the requirements of Elon College for grad- 
uation, and will also give him a better preparation. 



FRESHMAN 

Hours 

Biology 11-12 8 

Chemistry 11-12 8 

English 11-12 6 

French 11-12 or German 11-12.... 6 

Math. 11-12 6 



SOPHOMORE 

Hours 

Biology 21-22 8 

Chemistry 21-22 8 

English 21-22 6 

French 21-22 or German 21-22.... 6 

Physics 13-14 8 



34 

JUNIOR 

Biology 31-32 8 

Chemistry 31-32 8 

Physics 21 4 

Health and Hygiene 31-32, 33-34.. 6 



36 

SENIOR 

Biology 41-42 8 

Chemistry 41-42 8 

Psychology 21 3 

Sociology 31-32 or Philosophy 6 



Religion 33-34 6 Economics 11-12 6 



32 

Religion 

FRESHMAN 

English 11-12 6 

Science 8 

History 11-12 6 

History 13-14 6 

Bus. Adm. 11-12 6 



31 



SOPHOMORE 

Religion 21-22 6 

Science 3 

English 21-22 6 

Psychology 21-24 6 

Elective 6 



JUNIOR 

Religion 31-32 6 

Religion 33-34 6 

Philosophy 31-32 6 

Sociology 31-32 6 

Greek 31-32 6 



32 

SENIOR 

Religion 41-42 6 

Philosophy 41-42 6 

Sociology 41-42 6 

Greek 41-42 6 

Church Music 33 4 



30 



23 



56 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

Two-Year Courses of Study 

Students desiring two-year courses may make their selec- 
tion from the courses indicated below: 

Pre-Medical or Pre-Dental Course: 

Biology 11-12, 21-22; Chemistry 11-12, 21-22; Physics 11-12; 
English 11-12, 21-22; Religion 11-12, and two elective subjects for 
the year. 

Pre-Law Course: 

English 11-12, 21-22, 35-36; History 11-12, 21-22; Religion 
11-12. Other subjects elective. 

Pre-Engineering Course: 

Physics 11-12, 21-22; Mathematics 11-12, 13-14, 21-22; Eng- 
lish 11-12, 21-22; French or German 11-12, 21-22; Chemistry 11-12. 

One- Year Secretarial Course 

Fall Semester: 

Shorthand, Typewriting, Business English, Business Arithmetic, 
and Penmanship. 

Spring Semester: 

Advanced Shorthand (Dictation), Advanced Typewriting, Sec- 
retarial Practice, Bookkeeping. 

NOTE — Satisfactory completion of the one-year course as above would 
yield nine semester-hours credit. 

Two-Year Secretarial Course 

First Year same as above. 

Second Year: 

English 11-12, 6 semester hours; Business Administration 13 
and 14, 6 semester hours; Business Administration 11 and 12, 6 
semester hours; Business Administration 33 and 34, 6 semester hours; 
Advanced Dictation, Business Administration 21-22, 3 semester 
hours. Total, 27 semester hours. 



Departments of Instruction 

DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY 

MR. GRAVETT 
MR. BEECHER 

Biology is the science of life, and therefore includes the 
study of both plants and animals. The courses are arranged 
to teach the fundamental facts of biology, including the laws 
of development, heredity, and variation, together with studies 
of the habits and distribution of the members of the plant 
and animal kingdoms. The courses are planned for those 
who seek a general culture, or professional training. 

11-12 General Biology. The fundamental principles of the 
biological sciences; correlation of laboratory data with the underlying 
principles discussed in class. Origin and development, structures, 
functions, and interrelations of animal and plant life. 3 hours class 
work, 3 hours laboratory. 8 s. h. 

21-22 Vertebrate Zoology and Comparative Anatomy. The 
morphology, histology, physiology, development, and environmental 
adaptations of the vertebrates. Dissections for the purpose of dis- 
covering homologies and analogies. 2 hours class work, 4 hours lab- 
ratory. 8 s. h. 

24 Botany. A study of the scientific basis for identification 
and classification of the higher forms of plant life, chiefly the flower- 
ing plants. Observation of plants in the Southern Piedmont region 
during the spring. Collection, preservation, and notebook descrip- 
tions of families. Genera and species are made the process by which 
the student may develop independently an ability to recognize and 
name plants, and to use scientifically constructed guides to the plant 
kingdom. 2 hours class work, 2 hours laboratory. 3 s. h. 

31 Bacteriology. Morphology, classification, physiology, and 
chemistry of bacteria, and introductory studies of disease and immun- 
ity. Laboratory work in the common bacteriological techniques: 
staining of bacteria, cultural methods, and the analysis of milk and 
water. Offered in alternate years; 2 hours class work, 4 hours labo- 
ratory work. 4 s. h. 

32 Physiology. Circulation, respiration, digestion, internal 
secretion, muscle physiology, reproduction, and other physiological 



58 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

processes of animals. Offered in alternate years; 2 hours class work, 
4 hours laboratory work. 4 s. h. 

41 Histology. The microscopical organization of the different 
tissues aiid organs of the vertebrate body. In addition to the labora- 
tory material furnished to the student, he learns to make slides and 
studies material which he himself has prepared. Offered in alternate 
years; 2 hours class work, 4 hours laboratory work. 4 s. h. 

42 Embryology. The development of the tissues and organs 
of the frog and chick and some work with mammals. Offered in al- 
ternate years; 2 hours class work, 4 hours laboratory work. 4 s. h. 

44 Parasitology. Life histories of parasites with techniques of 
collecting and mounting them. 2 hours class work, 4 hours labora- 
tory work. 4 s. h. 

45 Materials and Methods of Teaching Biology. This course 
is designed to stress Nature study, cultures, preserving materials for 
class-work, arranging courses, and organized laboratory work. 4 s. h. 



DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 

MR. HOWELL 
MRS. HOWELL 
MR. STEWART 

The courses in Business Administration offer help to four 
kinds of students: 

First, to those who plan to be business men or women, 
the theory and practice of business are taught, so that grad- 
uates may be prepared for positions of responsibility, and for 
greater service to society. 

Second, to those who plan to teach, the courses specified 
by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction are 
offered to supply the requirements for the certification of 
commercial teachers. 

Third, to those who have not the time or the money for 
a four-year course, either a one-year or a two-year Secretarial 
course is available. Secretarial students must meet the same 
entrance requirements as other students. A Secretarial Cer- 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 59 

tificate is awarded to those who meet certain proficiency 
standards. Only superior students are able to meet those re- 
quirements. Therefore, the two-year course is recommended 
for students of average ability. 

Fourth, to other students who wish to explore the eco- 
nomic structure of society, Business Administration courses 
are offered as electives. 

11-12 Principles of Economics. An introductory course to ac- 
quaint the student with the fundamental principles which underlie 
economic relations and activities. An analysis is made of production, 
consumption, exchange, and distribution. A brief survey of money, 
banking, and credit, the business cycle, business organization, monop- 
oly and trusts, labor problems, insurance, public finance, and econom- 
ic reforms. A combination of the lecture and case method will be 
used to relate practical situations to theory. 6 s. h. 

13-14 Principles of Accounting. This course does not require 
a knowledge of bookkeeping. It deals with the proprietorship equa- 
tion, financial statements, the ledger and the trial balance, posting, 
adjusting and closing entries, columnar records, controlling accounts, 
business forms and papers, notes and drafts, partnership accounting, 
classification of accounts, accrued and deferred items, corporation 
statements, elements of manufacturing accounts. Problems, practice 
sets, and lectures. Laboratory fee of $5.00 per semester. 3 hours 
class work, 3 hours laboratory. 6 s. h. 

23-24 Advanced Accounting. Profits, analysis of statements, ad- 
vanced work in partnerships and corporations, agencies and branches, 
statements of affairs, realization and liquidation, good will, reserves, 
funds, consolidations, mergers, partnerships, liquidations, consolidat- 
ed balance sheets and profit and loss statements, reorganizations, 
foreign exchange, and insurance. Prerequisite: Business Adminis- 
tration 13-14. Laboratory fee of $5.00 per semester. 3 hours class 
work, 3 hours laboratory. 6 s. h. 

25 Salesmanship. This course is a consideration of the broad 
field of personal selling. The steps in a sale, the psychology of the 
broad field of the personal selling process, knowledge of goods and 
of the market, selling to wholesalers and to retailers, and selling in 
the export trade, are some of the problems considered. Attention is 



60 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

given to sales methods, the relation of personal selling to advertising, 
sales management, the house policies, the selection, training, coopera- 
tion with, and supervision of salesmen, and the various methods of 
compensating salesmen. Prerequisite or Corequisite: Psychology 21. 
3 s. h. 

38 Labor Problems. Causes of industrial unrest and other 
labor problems, the reactions of various groups to these conditions, 
and recent labor tendencies, are discussed. Special emphasis is given 
to the American labor movements, their objects, tactics, and accom- 
plishments. Open only to Juniors and Seniors. Spring Semester. 
3 s. h. 

31 Marketing. A study of the fundamental processes of the 
system of marketing. Nature and scope of marketing, the economics 
of marketing, marketing functions, types of middlemen, retail dis- 
tribution and marketing agencies, wholesale marketing of manufac- 
tured goods, aggressive marketing methods, marketing conveniences, 
shopping and speciality goods, marketing industrial goods, direct 
selling, the economics of advertising, problems of physical distribu- 
tion, finance and risk, standardization, and prices. Prerequisite: 
Bus. Adm. 11-12. Fall Semester. 3 s. h. 

32 Merchandising. This course sets forth the different mer- 
chandising policies. Methods and principles, with a discussion of 
terms and phraseology in general use, various methods of computing 
gross and net profits and turnover, effect of turnover on price, profits 
and merchandise investment, use and importance of budgetary control, 
control of inventories, monthly estimated net profit, and inventory 
statements. Also a brief survey of buying and stock-keeping records, 
comparative sales and expense records, methods of inventory, methods 
of inventory taking, and proper classification. Prerequisite: Bus. 
Adm. 11-12. Spring Semester. 3 s. h. 

33-34 Business Law. This course is designed to give the 
student an understanding of the main principles of law governing 
the daily conduct of business. A consideration of contracts, agency, 
partnerships, corporations, negotiable instruments, bankruptcy, sales, 
bailments, personal and real property relations. Prerequisite: Bus. 
Adm. 11-12, or Junior Standing. 6 s. h. 

35 Life Insurance. The purpose of this course is primarily to 
acquaint the general business student with the subject of life insurance, 
and, secondarily, to provide a foundation course for those intending 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 61 

to enter the insurance business. The topics include : the use of life 
insurance for protection and investment; the selection and treatment 
of risks; the policies and options offered, life insurance programs; 
rate-making; mutual, stock, legal requirements; and company organi- 
zation. Prerequisite: Business Adm. 11-12. Fall Semester. 3 s. h. 

28 Credits and Collections. This is a consideration of the place 
of credit in the marketing structure. The economic basis of credit 
extension, the relation of credit to selling, methods of collecting and 
using credit information, credit bureaus, the use of trade acceptances, 
commercial paper, and collection letters, are investigated. Foreign 
credit problems, domestic business failures, bankruptcy and insolvency 
problems of manufacturers, wholesalers and retailers. Prerequisite: 
Bus. Adm. 11-12 or 13-14. Spring Semester. 3 s. h. 

41 Corporation Finance. Development of corporate forms of 
business; its advantages and disadvantages; promotion; sources of 
capital; stock classifications and rights of stockholders; internal 
financial management; legal positions, receivership and reorganiza- 
tion. Prerequisite: Bus. Adm. 11-12 or 1314. Open to Juniors and 
Seniors only. Fall Semester. 3 s. h. 

42 Money and Banking. A general survey of the modern 
financial system, including the principles and history of money and 
monetary standards; the principles and functions of banks and bank 
credit, commercial banks, investment banks, trust companies, the 
Federal Reserve System; a brief survey of the commercial banking 
systems of other countries. The relation of the business man and 
the banker. Prerequisite: Bus. Adm. 11-12. Open to Juniors only. 
Spring Semester. 3 s. h. 

44 Investments. A study of the accumulation of capital; the 
nature, characteristics, and functions of investments, including in- 
vestment securities; investment banking and the distribution of 
securities; the stock exchange and its functions; methods of judging 
investments and analyzing statements. Prequisite: Bus. Adm. 11-12. 
Open to Juniors and Seniors only. Spring Semester. 3 s. h. 

45 Materials and Methods. This course is to assist students 
who desire Grade "A" Teaching Certificates in the commercial field. 
Open to Juniors and Seniors. Spring Semester. 3 s. h. 

45 Cost Accounting. An introduction to cost accounting pro- 
cedure which includes basic cost terms; accounting for materials, 



62 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

labor, and bufden; job-lot and process systems. A brief study is 
made of standard costs. Students visit industrial plants in order to 
gain practical information as to the problems involved. Prerequisite : 
Bus. Adm. 11-12, and 13-14. Open to Juniors and Seniors only. 
Fall Semester. 3 s. h. 

46 Auditing. This course deals with the duties of the auditor; 
the problems involved in detailed and balance sheet audits, special 
investigation, and preparation of reports. Prerequisite: Bus. Adm. 
11-12, and 13-14. Open to Juniors and Seniors only. Spring 
Semester. 3 s. h. 

Secretarial Courses 

5 Penmanship. This course is optional, but is recommended 
for those students who have never had a course in penmanship, and 
also for those who write with a laborious and cramped style. It is 
designed to teach the fundamentals of correct posture and to develop 
a fluent, rapid, and legible handwriting. Fall Semester. 3 hours per 
week. 

7 Business Arithmetic. This is a brief elementary course in 
business arithmetic, which reveals short-cuts and helpful suggestions 
for speed in computations. Major emphasis is placed upon develop- 
ing proficiency in those problems frequently met by secretaries and 
office workers; such as problems in billing and pay rolls, interest, 
trade discounts, bank discounts, profit and loss, and price marking. 
Fall Semester. 3 hours per week. 

8 Secretarial Practice. This course acquaints the student, 
through actual laboratory experience, with the major and minor 
activities and duties of the secretary. It is designed to bring into the 
classroom, as much as possible, the office atmosphere. Filing, index- 
ing, mailing procedures, transcription methods, and financial duties 
are emphasized. Spring Semester. 3 hours per week, with additional 
laboratory hours. 

11 Business English. The purpose of this course is to give 
the basic elements and principles of good practical English, as adapted 
to the usages of modern business. The topics discussed, besides a 
thorough review of grammar, are letter planning and organization; 
effective letter layout; credits, collections, and adjustments; selling 
by mail; job-hunting by mail; fact writing — reports and memoran- 
dums; basic advertising. Fall Semester. 3 hours per week. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 63 

12 Bookkeeping and Accounting. This elementary course ac- 
quaints students with present day methods of keeping and interpreting 
business records and reports. In addition to the regular bookkeeping 
cycle, special journals, notes, interest, discount, deferred charges, 
reserves, and columnar records, are studied. 

13-14 Shorthand* Fundamental principles of Gregg Short- 
hand with special emphasis on accuracy and speed. Practice work 
in dictation and transcription. In the spring semester intensive work 
is done in dictation and transcription. 6 hours per week throughout 
the year. 

15-16 Typewriting* The course in touch typewriting includes 
a speed-building program, which develops a high degree of skill. 
Five hours of class instruction, and six hours of laboratory work, 
each week throughout the year. 

18 Office Management. This course is for students who desire 
teacher's certificates in the commercial field. 

21-22 Advanced Dictation. A second-year course in shorthand, 
consisting of rapid dictation and rapid transcription. Training in the 
editing duty of the private secretary is a part of this course. Effective 
English is stressed, as well as the art of completing transcripts with 
dispatch. 3 hours per week. 

*Business 13, 14 and 15, 16 taken together by a Junior or Senior majoring 
in Business Administration may count for six semester-hours, but this credit 
will not be certified on the student's record until all other semester-hour require- 
ments are completed. 

NOTE — Nine semester hours credit will be allowed upon the satisfactory 
completion of the one-year Secretarial course. 



DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY 

MR. BRANNOCK 

Since matter is one of the two fundamental entities of the 
universe, chemistry is one of the fundamental sciences. Hence 
it is advantageous for those working in any field of science to 
study chemistry. 

The field of chemistry is broad and practical. There is 
no great industry which does not make use of some chemical 



64 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

principles. Chemistry is recommended to those who plan to 
enter the special fields of astronomy, geology, biology, med- 
icine, dentistry, pharmacy, nursing, home economics, agri- 
culture, or engineering. Aside from its vocational values, 
chemistry is also recognized as an important part of a general 
education. 

11-12 General Chemistry. Fundamental principles of inor- 
ganic, physical, and experimental chemistry. Each student is required 
to keep a note book in which he must record his experimental work. 
3 hours class work, 3 hours laboratory. 8 s. h. 

21-22 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry and Qualitative Analysis. 
The kinetic-molecular hypothesis, solutions, electrolysis, the chemical 
behavior of ionic substances, chemical equilibrium, and electro-motive 
chemistry. 3 hours class work, 3 hours laboratory work. 8 s. h. 

31-32 Organic Chemistry. Organic compounds, including the 
aliphatic and the aromatic series: hydrocarbons of the methane series, 
alcohols, organic acids, ethers, anhydrides, esters, aldehydes, ketones, 
amines, amides, halogen compounds, cyanogen, carbonhydrates, cylic 
hydrocarbons, dyes, and proteins. The laboratory work consists not 
only in the methods of preparation and purification of compounds, 
but also in methods of arriving at their structures. 3 hours class 
work, 3 hours laboratory. 8 s. h. 

41-42 Quantitative Analysis. Chiefly laboratory work in sim- 
ple introductory determinations in gravimetric and volumetric methods 
of analysis. Pure salts of known composition are first analyzed, fol- 
lowed by unknown specimens consiting of pure salts or mixtures of 
pure salts. 1 hour class work, 6 hours laboratory. 8 s. h. 

45-46 Materials and Methods of Teaching High School Chem- 
istry. The main purpose of this course is to present the modern 
theory and methods of teaching chemistry in secondary schools. 
6 s. h. 

47-48 Physical Chemistry. Problems in the gaseous, liquid, 
and solid states; solutions; the phrase rule, thermo-chmeistry ; chemi- 
cal change; and electro-chemistry. 3 hours class work. 6 s. h. 

51-52 Physiological Chemistry. Enzymes, carbonhydrates, fats, 
proteins, digestion, blood and lymph, respiration and acidosis, metab- 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 65 

olism, and accessory foods. 1 hour class work, 6 hours laboratory. 
8 s. h. 

53-54 Industrial Chemistry. Water, fuels, destructive distilla- 
tion, alkalies and hydrochloric acid, iron and steel, packing house 
industries, cottonseed oil products, leather, soap, cement, paper, paints, 
and clay products. 3 hours class work. 6 s. h. 



DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 

MR. MESSICK 
MR. BEECHER 
MR. TERRELL 

The functions of the Department of Education are: 

First, to guide students in acquiring a background in the 
history and philosophy of education, so that they may under- 
stand the basis upon which modern progressive trends in 
education are built. 

Second, to inspire students with the ideal that the purpose 
of all education is that one may learn to live a better life, 
that school is life, and that the proper methods of teaching 
are those which begin with the life situations of the child 
and are built upon them. 

Third, to instruct students in the principles and tech- 
niques of teaching so that they may know and understand the 
proper procedures of instruction. 

Professional Requirements for North Carolina Teaching 
Certificates 

High School. — High School Teachers' Certificates, Class 
A, represent graduation from standard four-year colleges. 
These certificates are issued on the basis of transcripts of col- 
lege records which show the professional credit and specialized 
work hereinafter described for each certificate. Each appli- 



66 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

cant should meet the requirements in two or more teaching 
fields. The subjects for which certificate is granted will ap- 
pear on the face of the certificate. 

First. The professional requirements common to all cer- 
tificates are: 

1. Educational Psychology, 2 s. h. 

2. Principles of High School Teaching, or 
Problems in Secondary Education, 2 s. h. 

3. Materials and Methods (required in one subject only), 2 s. h. 
*4. Directed Teaching (one or both fields), 3 s. h. 

5. Electives, 9 s. h. 

Note: In Directed Teaching one should have not fewer than 
thirty hours of actual class teaching or should teach not fewer than 
thirty full class exercises. Thirty hours of observation must precede 
teaching. 

Second. Subject-matter requirements for the teaching of 
any subject are: 

1. For English, at least 24 s. h., including Grammar, Composi- 
tion and Rhetoric, and American Literature. 

2. For French, at least 18 s. h. This is based on two units of 
entrance credit. If no entrance credit is presented, the applicant must 
have 24 semester hours. The requirements for any other modern 
foreign language will be the same. 

3. For History, at least 24 s. h., including Ancient and Medieval, 
Modern European, United States, to total at least 12 s. h. ; Political 
Science or Government, at least 3 s. h. ; elective from Economics, So- 
ciology, N. C. History, or the above, 9 s. h. 

4. For Mathematics, at least 15 s. h. 

5. For Science, at least 30 s. h., including Biology, Chemistry, 
Physics, and Geography or Geology. A certificate to teach any one 
science, e. g., Biology, may be secured by presenting credit for a mini- 
mum of 30 s. h. in Science, including a major in the particular 
science in which the certificate is desired. 



*If all requirements except Directed Teaching are met, the Class A Cer- 
tificate will be issued after the applicant shall have had one year of successful 
teaching experience. It is understood that this teaching will be done under the 
joint supervision of the Head of the Education Department of the institution 
from which the student graduated and the superintendent of the school in 
which the applicant is teaching. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 67 

6. For Commerce, at least 36 s. h., including Stenography, Type- 
writing, Bookkeeping, and Office Management. 

7. For Public School Music, at least 30 s. h., including 3 s. h. 
in Voice. 

8. For Physical Education, at least 30 s. h. 

9. For Home Economics, at least 45 s. h., including 6 s. h. of 
Chemistry, 6 of Physiology and Bacteriology, 2 of Physics, 3 of Art, 
8 of Foods, 8 of Clothing, 6 of Management (Home Management, 
Home Management Residence, Economics of the Home), 6 of Family 
(Child Development, Family and Social Relationships, Health and 
Home Nursing). 

A certificate to teach Foods only will be issued if appli- 
cant has credit for 18 semester-hours in Food and has met all 
requirements for the Home Economics Certificate except in 
Art and Design and Clothing. A certificate to teach Clothing 
only will be issued if applicant has credit for 15 semester- 
hours in Clothing and has met all requirements for the Home 
Economics Certificate except that in Foods. 

Grammar Grade. — Grammar Grade Teachers' Certifi- 
cates, Class A, represent graduation from a standard four-year 
college, or the equivalent, embracing not less than 120 semes- 
ter-hours. As a part of the work, or in addition to it, the 
applicant shall have the following: 

1. English, 12 s. h., including six semester hours of Composition, 
two of Children's Literature. 

2. American History and Citizenship, 6 s. h. 

3. Geography, including nature study, 6 s. h. 

4. Fine and Industrial Arts, 9 s. h., including Drawing, Indus- 
trial Arts, and Music. 

5. Physical and Health Education, 6 s. h., including two semester 
hours each of Physical Education, Hygiene, and Health Education. 

6. Education, 21 s. h., including Grammar Grade Methods 
(Reading, Language, Arithmetic, Social Science), Classroom Manage- 
ment, Child Study, Educational Psychology, Educational Measure- 
ments, and Directed Teaching. 



68 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

Primary. — Primary Teachers' Certificates, Class A, repre- 
sent graduation from a standard four-year college, or the 
equivalent, embracing not less than 120 semester-hours. As 
a part of the work, or in addition to it, the applicant shall 
have the following: 

1. English, 12 s. h., including six semester hours of composition, 
two of Children's Literature. 

2. American History and Citizenship, 6 s. h. 

3. Geography, including Nature Study, 6 s. h. 

4. Fine and Industrial Arts, 9 s. h., including Drawing, Indus- 
trial Arts, and Music. 

5. Physical and Health Education, 6 s. h. including 2 s. h. each 
of Physical Education, Hygiene, and Health Education. 

6. Education, 21 s. h., including Primary Methods (Reading, 
Language, Numbers), Classroom Management, Child Study, Educa- 
tional Psychology, and Directed Teaching. 

Before any certificate will be issued for teaching in the 
elementary schools, the records from the institution in which 
the applicant received his training must show that he has 
reached a satisfactory stage of proficiency in Spelling and 
Penmanship. This certification will be made by the institu- 
tion and will appear on the record. 

General Education Courses 

21-22 Elementary Methods. This course works on problems 
involved in planning and carrying out learning programs in each 
grade of the elementary school. A review of experimental practice 
and recent educational trends is made the basis for building programs 
to meet the needs and to develop the curriculum of the modern Pri- 
mary and Grammar grade school. Fall Semester. 3 s. h. 

23 Classroom Management. To acquaint the student teacher 
with methods of organization and procedure in the guidance of stu- 
dent activity. Principles of directed conduct, integrated unit pro- 
grams, and other essential features. Spring Semester. 3 s. h. 

32 Educational Measurements. Philosophy of the testing pro- 
gram through acquaintance with objective tests, their formulation, 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 69 

giving, and interpretation. Actual testing programs are set up and 
a knowledge of statistical procedures is acquired, from the mode 
through correlation so that test results may provide a basis for student 
guidance. Fall Semester. 3 s. h. 

43 History of Education. Special emphasis is placed upon edu- 
cation in the United States, with particular attention to educational 
leaders and progressive programs. The progress of elementary, secon- 
dary, higher, and adult education is studied in detail, with European 
and later American influences as backgrounds. 3 s. h. 

44 The Philosophy of Education. This course acquaints stu- 
dents with the underlying principles of educational theories; the 
solution of educational problems; the development of democratic con- 
ceptions underlying an educational program; and the social, moral; 
and cultural implications of the development of personality. 3 s. h. 

45 Materials and Methods far High School Teachers. See 
specific departments for description. 

47 Principles of High School Teaching. To guide the prospec- 
tive teacher in the principles of learning; to acquaint him with modern 
procedures of school programs; and to give him an underlying phi- 
losophy of student attitudes and needs so that he may know how to 
guide the pupil properly in his activities. 3 s. h. 

48 Character Education. This course shows how the home, the 
school, the church, the community, and other agencies function as 
units, and as cooperative agencies in a combined effort to guide boys 
and girls in ways of wholesome and happy living. 3 s. h. 

51, 52, 53, 54, 55 or 56 Observation and Directed Teaching. 
Both observation and directed-teaching are done under close coopera- 
tion with the public school teachers and principal. The student 
teacher must observe and teach at least 60 hours in the subject of his 
major field. He is required to analyze teaching problems in written 
reports of his observations, and to make careful teaching plans in 
frequent conferences with the supervising classroow teacher and with 
the College supervisor of directed-teaching. Fall or Spring Smester. 
3 s. h. 

57-58 Directed Methods in Teaching. This course gives all 
who are doing directed teaching an opportunity to work together on 



70 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

teaching problems as they occur in the real situations of the Elon 
College Public School. The course is in the nature of a workshop for 
directing attention to tools, equipment, books, and materials needed in 
carrying out a teaching program at the school, and to enable the 
student teacher to gain first-hand experience in supplementing class- 
room routines with facilities for active learning. Through group 
discussions student teachers piece together the teaching problems o/ 
the whole school and see their own individual classroom problems in 
relation to those of other teachers. Fall or Spring Semester. 3 s. h. 

Extension Courses. — In cooperation with the Superinten- 
dents of the Alamance County Schools and the City of Burl- 
ington Schools, Elon College is carrying out extension work 
for in-service teachers. This work is a part of the program 
of the College to prepare teachers to face the practical prob- 
lems of public school teaching and to share in the broader 
development of modern teaching methods. 

Directed Teaching. — It is the philosophy of the College 
to offer the student opportunities in all departments for self- 
development in thinking and in character. The Department 
of Education uses the local public schools as a place where 
educational problems may be seen as realities. Close cooper- 
ation between the public school and the Department of Edu- 
cation makes possible the opportunity for student teachers to 
study Education through a real school situation. The public 
school teachers and principal help supervise directed-teaching, 
and the student teachers enter actively into the life of the 
school, contributing their efforts under College guidance to 
further the development of the school, as well as to use the 
school classrooms as a training ground. 

The College looks upon directed-teaching as a serious 
responsibility in training for a profession, and requires careful 
preparation in subject-matter and theory of education along 
with high standards in directed-teaching. All the facilities 
of the college library, laboratories, studios, workshop, special 
classes and seminars dealing with the methods, materials and 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 71 

planning of school programs are available to make directed- 
teaching an experience in the application of the modern pro- 
gressive philosophy of education to a teaching situation. Those 
who expect to enter educational work should consult the head 
of the Department of Education before taking any course. 

Summer Sessions. — Two six-weeks terms are conducted 
for students who wish to earn credit toward a B. A. degree, 
and for teachers in service. 



DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH. 

MR. COLLINS 
MR. BARNEY 

The function of courses in the field of English is three- 
fold: 

First, to give ample opportunities for oral expression of 
ideas and feelings. To this end the Freshman and Sophomore 
courses employ group discussion as the chief method of ap- 
proaching subject-matter. Advanced courses in Dramatic 
Literature, American Literature, Shakespeare, Argumentation 
and Debate, and Modern Literature, ofier abundant oppor- 
tunity for oral expression and interpretation. 

Second, to give directed opportunities for development in 
the universally necessary craft of writing. Expression in writ- 
ten language should be both practical and creative. The 
Freshman and Sophomore courses contain opportunities for 
both kinds of expression, while on the Junior-Senior level the 
course in Journalism specializes in direct writing, and the 
courses in Dramatics, Literature, and Modern Literature, em- 
phasize a more purely creative approach. Grammar and 
"Correct English" are treated as a means to a more complete 
expression rather than as an end in themselves. Through the 
required courses for Freshmen and Sophomores an attempt is 



72 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

made, moreover, to produce a uniform excellence in the use 
of written English as a tool for all other studies. 

Third, to give to students, through their extensive reading 
and discussion, a firm grasp of the aesthetic and social im- 
plications of literature and language. The Freshman course 
is primarily an introduction to American culture, the Soph- 
omore course discovers English culture, and the advanced 
courses deal with other phases of culture in relation to groups 
of mankind, past and present. 

11-12 Freshman English. An orientation in American culture. 
Extensive readings in American literature, with oral and written dis- 
cussions which involve practice in grammar and correct Englsh. The 
organization of these materials is by such topics as The Frontier, 
Democratic Impulses, The European Background, Science and the 
Industrial Revolution, and the Puritan Complex. 6 s. h. 

21-22 Sophomore English. A study of the English people and 
their literature. The materials are read not as belles-lettres but as 
artistic expressions of the growth of English ideals for ten centuries. 
A history of the English language is an integral part of the course. 
The organization is chronological, with emphasis upon periods in 
which English culture flowered. 6 s. h. 

24 Children's Literature. The study of children's language 
as a basis for the selection and production of reading or story ma- 
terials for children in the primary and elementary schools. With a 
knowledge of children's uses of language in mind, the student writes 
stories or study materials which will be suited in style and content to 
the demands of the modern school for programs related directly to 
the child's experiences in living. Examination is made of the field 
of children's literature and folk literature to discover reading matter 
which satisfies modern educational requirements and to find sources 
for the production of new materials. No credit on major. 3 s. h. 

33-34 Shakespeare. Workshop productions on an Elizabethan 
stage of at least fifteen complete plays by Shakespeare and his fellow 
dramatists, and the public production of one of these plays. The 
student's experience of Shakespeare is direct and active rather than 
merely receptive through lectures and silent readings. The production 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 73 

of each play is preceded by study of the essential facts about the play 
and its production, and is followed by a critical discussion of the 
characters and of the dramatic values of Shakespeare's work. 6 s. h. 

35-36 English. Classroom practice and training in various 
branches of speech. Formal and informal debate and argumentation, 
formulating group opinion, after-dinner speaking, oratory, and dis- 
cussion leadership. 6 s. h. 

38-39 Dramatic Literature. Readings in the drama from 
Ibsen to contemporary dramatists, with the parallel composition of 
original plays by the class. All plays studied, whether professional 
or original, are given workshop production in the Little Theatre, and 
several of these plays are produced for the public during the year. 
The course thus covers many phases of the modern theatre: play- 
writing, acting, directing, staging, costuming, and make-up. 6 s. h. 

41-42 American Literature. For students who wish an ad- 
vanced understanding of American culture, for students who plan 
to teach, and for those above the sophomore level who have trans- 
ferred from other colleges. 6 s. h. 

45-46 Materials and Methods of Teaching High School Eng- 
lish. Materials for teaching literature and language are explored 
and evaluated, and problems of teaching English are discussed in 
relation to the student's experience of directed teaching. 6 s. h. 

49 Modern Literature. Readings in contemporary English and 
American literature, with parallel work in creative writing. The best 
of these compositions are printed in the Spring number of "Eton 
Colonnades." The writing and readings are accompanied by discus- 
sion of modern social and psyschological theories and practices, with 
an attempt to help the student to find his place in the modern world 
of ideas and feelings. 3 s. h. 

61-62 Journalism,. This course demands the cultivation of 
curiosity and resourcefulness, the formation of direct style of writing, 
an understanding of public opinion and newspaper policy, and a 
working knowledge of modern printing. These assets are acquired 
through the writing, editing, and printing of the college newspaper, 
"Maroon and Gold." 6 s. h. 



74 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

DEPARTMENT OF GREEK 

MR. NEWMAN 

Ancient Greek is a cultural language. It supplys a depth 
of background for the modern cultural languages. Students 
majoring in Religion are expected to take New Testament 
Greek. 

31-32 Elementary Greek. Mastery of declensions and conju- 
gations, synopsis of verbs, word analysis, derivation and composition, 
and simpler principles. Drill in pronunciation by reading Greek 
aloud. Xenophon, Book I. 6 s. h. 

33-34 Greek Plato and Herodotus. Grammar, Composition. 
6 s. h. 

41-42 Greek Drama. Composition, Grmmar. 6 s. h. 

43-44 Greek Literature. 6 s. h. 

45-46 Greek New Testament. The study of the grammar of 
New Testament Greek. Readings in the New Testament. Problems 
and methods of exegesis. Textual problems. 6 s. h. 



DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY 

MR. DICKINSON 

In the Department of History, raw historical material is 
not memorized aimlessly, but is evaluated, criticized and or- 
ganized in such fashion as to illuminate the minds of students 
with respect to the nature of the past and the manner in 
which the past has produced the present. One of the chief 
contributions which history may make is the working toward 
a better understanding of the modern age. 

11-12 The Establishment and Development of the American 
Nation. A survey of the European background of American history; 
the English settlements, their developments and their experiences with 
the colonial system seeking to protect and control them; the revolt, 
union, and organization of the United States; the struggle for Ameri- 
can Neutrality; the development of national parties; the problems of 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 75 

territorial expansion; the War between the States; Reconstruction, 
North and South; the agrarian movement; financial questions; re- 
form; relations of government and business; and expansion overseas. 
Special emphasis upon bibliography. 6 s. h. 

21-22 The Establishment and Development of the English 
Nation. 400 A. D. to the present. Primitive beginnings in Britain, the 
Germanic invasions, the Norman conquest, the development of Parlia- 
ment, the Hundred Years' War, the foundation of the Tudor Mon- 
archy, James and the divine right of kings, revolt, the Republican 
experiment in England, Restoration, revolution of 1688, the rise of the 
cabinet, constitutional development and loss of first colonial empire, 
foundation of Modern Empire, the World War, and Simpson crisis, 
George VI. Emphasis is placed upon legal and constitutional de- 
velopment, and hence the course is recommended for students planning 
to study law. 

24 The Evolution of the Commonwealth of North Carolina. 
A survey of the state from its origins to the present; its place in the 
history of the United States as a whole, in colonial times, during the 
Revolution, Federalism, Democracy, contributions to the Western 
Movement, attitude toward nullification and secession, the Civil War, 
reconstruction, big business and the New Deal. 3 s. h. 

31-32 Ancient and Medieval History. A brief survey of an- 
cient history from the rise of civilization in Egypt and Babylonia to 
the close of the second century, A. D. Emphasis is placed upon the 
history of Greece and Rome, the evolution of government, and the 
progress of art, science, and philosophy. Fall Semester. 3 s. h. 
A survey of European history from the disintegration of the Roman 
Empire to the Renaissance. Emphasis is placed on the causes of 
Rome's decline, the origin and growth of the church, feudal and 
manorial society, intellectual interest, the place of the Empire and 
the rise of national monarchy in France and England. Spring 
Semester. 3 s. h. 

33-34 Modern European History. 1500 A. D. to the Present. 
The Renaissance, the Reformation, the "Commercial Revolution," the 
rise of the national state, synastic and colonial rivalries, the "Intel- 
lectual Revolution," the progress of nationalism, the "Industrial Rev- 
olution," and the diplomatic background of the World War. 6 s. h. 

43 The Economic History of Modern Europe. The economic 
development of Europe from the earliest times; primitive economy, 



76 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

Greece, Rome, the guilds, mercantilism, money, banking, the com- 
mercial revolution, the industrial upheavel, the rise of modern 
capitalism, and the historical backgrounds of present economic prob- 
lems. Offered in alternate years. 3 s. h. 

44 The Economic History of the United States. The agri- 
cultural, commercial, and financial progress of the United States from 
colonial times to the present. The development of mass production, 
business cycles and panics, rise of the great American fortunes, and 
the relationship between government and business. Offered in alter- 
nate years. 3 s. h. 

45 Methods and Materials in Teaching High School History. 
Modern trends in the teaching of history and its place in education; 
the construction of courses and methods of integrating history with 
other fields; teaching procedures, materials, and aids for study; pro- 
lems of evaluating, organizing, and using such materials as maps, 
pictures, textbooks, reference books, biographical materials, radio, 
and motion pictures. Offered in alternate years. 3 s. h. 

48 American Government and Politics. A general survey of 
national, state, and local governments. 3 s. h. 



DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS 

MR. WICKER 

The Department of Mathematics offers in Freshman and 
Sophomore years, work which introduces the student to prin- 
ciples of mathematical reasoning. In advanced courses, in- 
tended primarily for those going into the engineering or 
teaching professions, a solid groundwork is offered in the 
fields of Calculus and Applied Mathematics. Emphasis is 
constantly placed upon the value of scientific reasoning in ap- 
proaching any problem. 

11-A College Algebra. A fundamental principle of the ele- 
mentary Algebra, followed by a careful study of quadratic equations, 
ratio and proportion, variation, series, binomnial formula, logarithms, 
determinants and the Theory of Equations. Open to Freshmen not 
majoring in Mathematics. 3 s. h. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 77 

11-B College Algebra. This course is more advanced than the 
preceding one. It covers a rapid review of the fundamentals of 
algebra, followed by a thorough study of quadratic equations, ratio 
and proportion, variation, series, binomial formula, logarithms, de- 
terminants, and the theory of equations. 3 s. h. 

12 Trigonometry. The solution of right and oblique triangles 
both with and without logarithms ; trigonometric identities and trigono- 
metric equations; line functions and graphic representations. 3 hours 
class work, and 2 hours of problem period. 6 s. h. 

21 Analytic Geometry. Treatment of the straight line, the 
circle and other conic sections, special plane curves and transformation 
of coordinates. 3 s. h. 

22 Elementary Calculus. An introductory study of different 
calculus, differentiation of functions with simple applications to the 
derivative of rates, length of tangents, normals, and similar topics. 
Prerequisite, Mathematics 11-12. 3 s. h. 

31 Differential Calculus. A study of differentiation of func- 
tions, with applications of the derivatives to rates, length of tangents, 
normals, and other topics; the subjects of maxima and minima, 
curvature, rates and envelopes; drill on curve tracing. 3 s. h. 

32 Integral Calculus. Integration: The constant of integra- 
tion, the definite integral; drill on the methods of integration. The 
object is to enable the student to investigate without having to rely 
on any tables or set rules, and after having learned the principles of 
integration, to apply them to such subjects as areas, lengths of curves, 
volumes of solids or revolution, and areas of surfaces of revolution. 
Prerequisite: Mathematics 21-22. 3 s. h. 

41 Differential Equations. Ordinary and the partial differen- 
tial equations, the theory of integration of such equations as admit 
of a known transformation group, and the classic methods of integra- 
tion compared with those which flow from the theory of continuous 
group. 3 s. h. 

42 Applied Calculus. Differential equations continued, and 
calculus applied to mechanics and to engineering problems. 3 s. h. 

45 Materials and Methods in ahe Teaching of Mathematics. 
Methods of presenting the different branches of Mathematics to the 
pupil in secondary schools. Offered in alternate years. 3 s. h. 



78 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

47 History of Mathematics. The field of Mathematics from 
earliest times to the present. This course is designed for those who 
plan to teach Mathematics. 3 s. h. 

Applied Mathematics 

13-14 Engineering Drawing. This course provides a basic 
treatment of modern conventions, theory and practice of Engineering 
Drawing. Instruction is given in the care and use of instruments, 
drawing materials and scales, methods of procedure in drawing, free- 
hand lettering, geometric drawing, orthographic projection, working 
drawings, tracing, and blue printing. Prerequisite : Plane Geometry. 
No credit on major. 6 s. h. 

23-24 Engineering Drawing. Engineering lettering with copy 
books, detail of machine parts, assembly drawings; systems of dimen- 
sioning, bills of material, conventions, titles, pipes, piping systems; 
elements of machine design, gears, worms, screws, nuts and bolts. No 
credit on major. 6 s. h. 

51-52 Surveying. The study of the theory and uses and ad- 
justments of the compass, level, transit, and stadia; the computations 
of Surveying. Numerous surveys are made, and the student is re- 
quired to make all of the plots and calculations. Methods and proper 
conduct of land, mine, city, topographic, and hydrographic surveying. 
Prerequisites: Mathematics 11-12 and Engineering Drawing 13-14. 
2 hours class work, 4 hours field work. 6 s. h. 



DEPARTMENT OF MODERN LANGUAGES 

The work in French and German is designed to give to 
the students an appreciation of the manners and customs of 
these peoples, their background and language, and to provide 
suitable material for those who desire to teach these languages 
in secondary schools. 

I — French 

MR. CLARKE 

7-8 Elementary French. Elements of grammar, composition, 
pronunciation, dictation and oral practice. Readings in modern 
French literature. No credit. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 79 

11-12 Intermediary French. Review of grammar, composition, 
oral practice. Modern French short story, novel and drama. 6 s. h. 

21-22 French Romantic Literature. Literature, composition, 
oral practice, conversation and readings. Examples from the Ro- 
mantic period of short story, novel, drama, and poetry. 6 s. h. 

31-32 French Classical and Contemporary Literature. Re- 
ports, lectures, and readings from drama, novel, and poetry. 6 s. h. 

41-42 Eighteenth Century French Literature. Historical back- 
ground, reports, lectures, readings. 6 s. h. 

45 Materials and Methods in the Teaching of High School 
French. To the student who is preparing to teach French, this course 
offers materials and methods for classroom instruction. Offered in 
alternate years. 3 s. h. 

II — German 

MR. CLARKE 
MR. FRENCH 

11-12 Elementary German. An introduction course, including 
thorough study of declensions, conjugations, and the rules of grammar. 
Regular exercises in composition and prose translation. 6 s. h. 

21-22 German Literature. This course is devoted to a rapid 
reading of the various types of German literature, to the styles of 
different authors, and to the study of drama. 6 s. h. 



DEPARTMENT OF PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGION 

MR. NEWMAN 
MR. BOWDEN 
MR. FRENCH 

The Department of Philosophy and Religion seeks to 
communicate to the students the heritage of the past, and to 
equip them with the stimulus to achieve an intelligent inter- 
pretation of that heritage for present and future ends. Students 
achieve a vital and constructive attitude toward life through 
historical and critical study of philosophical and religious lit- 
erature. 



80 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

The fundamental doctrines of Christianity, as found in 
the teachings of Jesus, are interpreted as having real meaning 
for the present age of scientific progress and discovery. 

In addition to preparing students for effective participa- 
tion in general Christian service and in wholesome living, the 
function of this department is to prepare a select group of 
young men and young women for graduate training, that they 
may become intelligent teachers and Christian ministers. 

Philosophy 

31-32 Introduction to Philosophy. An introductory study of 
the basic philosophical problems: What is reality? What is the 
basis for values? What is consciousness? Is knowledge possible? 
How distinguish truth from error? Is the world a machine? Has 
the world a purpose? What are the relations of religion and science 
to life? 6 s. h. 

35 Logic. The conditions under which thinking proceeds; the 
elements of formal logic, induction, and scientific method. Offered in 
alternate years. 3 s. h. 

36 Ethics. A study of the early beginners and growth of 
morality, the development of customs and social organization, the 
psychological aspects of morality, some modern systems of ethics, and 
the application of ethical theory to some modern world-problems. 
Offered in alternate years. 3 s. h. 

41-42 The History of Philosophy. The history of philosophy 
from early Greek to nineteenth-century Gennan philosophy, including 
the pre-Socratic philosophers, the Sophists, Plato, Aristotle, Early 
Christian and Scholastic philosophies, seventeenth-century Rational- 
ists, English Empiricists, Kant, Hegel, and subsequent German Ideal- 
ism. Students read from original sources and from modern commen- 
tators. Offered in alternate years. 6 s. h. 

Religion 

11-12 Survey of the Bible. A historical account of the rise of 
Hebrew and Jewish religious literature, the Christian Church and its 
literature, and the situations which produced the various documents 
and books of the Bible. 6 s. h. 

21-22 New Testament History and Literature. A brief survey 
of the religious experiences of the Hebrew prophets; the social, re- 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 81 

ligious, and political situation in Palestine; the historical bases for 
our knowledge of the religious experience, character, teaching, and 
dynamic faith of Jesus; the impact of his life and teaching; the de- 
velopment of the Christian Church in Palestine, and its spread from 
Jerusalem to Rome. 6 s. h. 

31-32 Old Testament History and Literature. The historical 
development of the literature of the Old Testament; the early poems, 
narratives, and laws, the growth of the Hebrew monarchy; and the 
ethical, political, and religious contributions of the literary prophets. 
Further extensive reading in the Psalms, Wisdom Literature, and 
Apocalyptic material. 6 s. h. 

33-34 Philosophy of Religion* The origin and development 
of religious belief from primitive times to the present day, including a 
survey of the classical religions — Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucian- 
ism, Mohammedanism, Judaism — and a detailed history of Chris- 
tianity. The influence of belief; the development of a constructive 
philosophy of religion and of life; and the problems of religious belief 
in a scientific age. 6 s. h. 

41-42 Bible Seminar. Special research in some fields of Old 
and New Testament study, such as archaeology, hexateuchal synopsis, 
the law codes of the Old Testament, Hellenic Judaism, St. Paul and 
the Messianic consciousness of Jesus. Offered in alternate years. 
6 s. h. 

43-44 Seminar in Religion and Modern Social Problems. The 
basic social problems viewed in the light of their religious, ethical, and 
social implications. Each student pursues one or more project of 
research into some particular social situation. Brief reports on the 
social implications of outstanding current events. 

*NOTE — Students wishing a major in Philosophy are given full credit 
for this course under the head of Philosophy. 



DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS 

MR. HOOK 

Physics is one of the important divisions of human knowl- 
edge. Its purpose is to describe as accurately and clearly as 
possible the physical processes which go on in the universe 
around us. Wherever a transfer of energy is involved, the 
principles of physics are used. This may occur in the spin 



82 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

of the atom or in the movement of a giant liner; the flight 
of an alpha particle or the creation of a galaxy. Physics is a 
tool course for other sciences. The fundamental phenomena 
of physics are approached from a combination of two points 
of view: the purely physical, in which the mind paints a 
picture of what is happening; and second, the mathematical 
and analytical, in which a mental picture is expressed by 
means of mathematical symbols. 

In the first courses of the physical sciences special empha- 
sis is placed on the development of the scientific attitude. 

11-12 Survey of Physical Sciences. General subjects of astron- 
omy, geography, geology, physics, and chemistry. Demonstrations 
with various physical apparatus and illustrations with slides, film 
strips, movie films, and field trips. No credit on major. 6 s. h. 

13-14 General Physics. Mechanics heat, sound, light, and 
electricity. Examples and experiments given throughout the entire 
course with a view of rendering it practical. Training in the manipu- 
lation of instruments employed in physical investigation, accurate 
measurements and practice in properly recording and reducing ex- 
perimental data. Prerequisite: Mathematics 11-12. 8 s. h. 

16 Household Physics. A one-semester course designed espe- 
cially for women students and to meet the requirements of the public 
school certificate in Home Economics. (Offered in 1938-39) 4 s. h. 

21-22 Modern Physics. Atomic nature of matter and elec- 
tricity, corpuscular nature of radiant energy, spectroscopy, planetary 
model of the atom, X-rays, molecular structure, radio activity, neu- 
trons, positrons, theory of relativity, and astrophysics. Prerequisites: 
Physics 13-14. 8 s. h. 

31-32 Electricity and Magnetism. Ohm's law, electrical power 
and energy, concerning wire, resistance, magnets and magnetism, 
magnetic circuit, generator, motor, batteries and electrochemical action, 
inductance, capacitance, alternating currents, vacuum tubes and 
gaseous conduction, and the electrostatic circuit. Prerequisite : Phy- 
sics 13-14. 8 s. h. 

33-34 Light and Sound. Reflection, refraction, dispersion, 
chromatic, spherical, aberration, optical constants of mirrors and 
lenses, velocity, radiation, absorption, interference, diffraction, polari- 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 83 

zation, colors of crystaline plates and oil films, and photography. The 
nature of sound velocity, frequency, resonance, forced oscillations, 
tranverse and longitudinal vibrations, vibrations in various media, 
and acoustics of buildings. Prerequisite: Physics 13-14. 8 s. h. 

41 Mechanics. Forces : their composition and resolution, forces 
acting on a rigid body, balanced forces, work and energy, first and 
second degree moments, dynamics of translatory motion, dynamics of 
rotary motion. 

42 Heat. The course presents the essential fundamentals of 
heating, ventilating, and air conditioning. The emphasis is placed 
on domestic uses. Factors affecting human comfort, heat transmission 
and air infiltration, calculation and estimation of building heat losses 
and heat gains, fuels, combustion, draft, chimneys, boilers, insulation, 
heating with steam, hot water, and warm-air systems; air conveying 
and air cleaning humidification and dehumidification, control of air 
temperature and summer cooling of buildings. 



DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY 

MISS OXFORD 
MR. MESSICK 

Psychology teaches students to understand human nature 
and its ramifications, helps them to interpret their own mental 
reactions, and points out possible ways of building and ad- 
justing personality. 

21 General Pschology. An introductory course, emphasizing 
fundamental processes of human behavior, responses to various 
stimuli, building of personality, and mind in its relationship to the 
modern world. A prequisite to all other courses in Psychology. 
Fall Semester. 3 s. h. 

22 Psychology of Childh-ood. A study of the mental, physical, 
and emotional developments of the child in relation to personality and 
social adjustments. 3 s. h. 

24 Social Psychology. The nature of personality, and the 
"abnormalities" which constitute the "normal" person; psychology of 



84 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

adolescence and adulthood, of religion, of organization, and of social 
progress. 3 s. h. 

31 Educational Psychology. Inherited tendencies; laws of 
learning; laws of teaching; habit formation; individual differences; 
formation of correct ideals and attitudes. Spring Semester. 3 s. h. 



DEPARTMENT OF SOCIOLOGY 

MR. BOWDEN 

Sociology is that branch of the social sciences which deals 
with the individual in relation to his human environment. 
Students discover their places of responsibility in society only 
through a knowledge of the culture, mores and institutions 
of that society. It is the function of sociology, therefore, to 
trace the development of culture, to point out the chief char- 
acteristics and danger zones in the contemporary social scene, 
and to inspire student interest in solving the problems of 
modern life. 

31-32 Introductory Sociology. The origins and development 
of culture, the nature of personality and its relation to society, forms of 
collective behavior, community and social organization, and the 
basic social problems: the family, international relations, political 
and economic organization, and social development. 6 s. h. 

41 Rural Sociology. Conditions of life in the country and 
constructive organization for improvement, social technology of rural 
communities, importance of agriculture, rural institutions, cooperative 
marketing, good roads, consolidated schools, social surveys of the 
country and the rural church, organization of the rural, and social 
control. 3 s. h. 

42 Problems of Sociology. The forces that enter into the com- 
position of life and society: poverty, socialism, social pathology, 
social duties, immigration, congestion of population, race, industry, 
internationalism, and other social and industrial problems. 3 s. h. 



Special Departments of the College 

DEPARTMENT OF ART 

MISS NEWMAN 

A thorough course of instruction in Art is offered to those 
who desire to devote themselves to its study and practice. 
Students in this department are required to spend twelve 
hours a week at work in the studio. An annual exhibition 
is held during Commencement. 

11-12 Freehand drawing in charcoal from still-life, geometrical 
solids and casts, linear and angular perspective structure, study of 
light and shade, flat washes in water color and monochrome painting, 
color sketches from still-life, pastel painting, letters and designing, 
clay modeling and potter)'. 

21-22 Drawing in charcoal from still-life, heads, hands, features, 
and casts; painting in oils, pastels and water colors, from still-life, 
illustration, wash drawings in water color; principles of color; pen 
and ink drawings, designing and structure. 

23 Elementary Drawing. Working knowledge of the principles 
of drawing necessary in the primary and elementary school. Color 
design, drawing and painting from life or geometric forms, illustra- 
tions, posters and printing. Picture study art activities for the child 
in the home, school, and community; and the development of creative 
abilities. Offered in alternate years. 3 s. h. 

24 Industrial Arts for Elementary Grades. Methods and 
materials used in the study of industrial arts for primary and gram- 
mar grades. Color theory, weaving, modeling, construction work, 
posters, book-binding, block-printing, and projects for history and 
geography classes. The subject matter is creative and illustrated, and 
is centered about the interests and needs of the child. Offered in 
alternate years. 3 s. h. 

Sketch Class. Pencil-drawing, with or without model out-of- 
door work. 

China Painting. Tinting: La Croix colors, matt colors, powder 
colors. Flower Painting: Designs of Edward Reeves and Marshall 
Fray; Dresden colors, Herr Lamm. Figure Painting: La Croix 



86 ELQN COLLEGE BULLETIN 

Dresden, Herr Till. Ornamental Work: Raised paste and gold; 
enamels; jewels, etc., on hard china, satsuma, Belleek, and Sedji. 

History of Art. Architecture and sculpture: Egyptian, Assyrian, 
Greek and Roman, Christian, Byzantine, Romanesque, and Renais- 
sance. Modern sculpture, painting, ceramics. Appreciation of Art. 
Required of certificate and diploma pupils. 



DEPARTMENT OF HOME ECONOMICS 

MISS HOWARD 

The work in Home Economics is designed to prepare 
young women for home-making, to provide adequate training 
to meet the requirements for teacher's certificate in Home 
Economics, and to offer foundation courses for those wishing 
to enter other fields of Home Economics. 

11-12 Food Preparation and Service. The general principles 
of cookery applied to the preparation of different types of foods. 
A study of the composition, selection, care, and preparation of foods 
is coordinated with a study of their nutritive value and digestion. 
Planning of menus, cooking and serving of breakfast, luncheon, and 
dinner. 1 hour class work; 4 hours laboratory. 6 s. h. 

13-14 Clothing and Textiles. Study of textiles and problems, 
selection and construction of clothing, including the use and alteration 
of commercial patterns, the drafting of patterns, and the appropriate 
use of fabrics. 1 hour class work, 4 hours laboratory. 6 s. h. 

31 Home Nursing and Child Caie. Home care of the sick, 
first aid, and practical experience in the care of pre-school children. 
3 hours class work with laboratory. 3 s. h. 

32 Home Planning and Furnishing. A study of line, form, 
and color, as applied to planning, decorating, and furnishing a home. 
A survey of different types of arts and crafts, followed by a study of 
furniture, upholstery, rugs, tapestries, draperies, household linens, 
glass, silver, pewter, and china. 1 hour class work; 4 hours labora- 
tory. 3 s. h. 

33 Nutrition. The fundamental scientific principles of human 
nutrition and their application to the feeding of the family. Prere- 
quisites: Home Economics 11-12 and Chemistry 11-12. 3 hours 
class work. 3 s. L 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 87 

34 Dietetics. Normal diets for children and adults and diets 
for the sick. Diets in relation to income scale. Prerequisite : Home 
Economics 33. 3 s. h. 

41 Economics of the Home. The science and art of planned 
family living. General policies for the use of time, energy, money, 
and property. 3 s. h. 

42 Home Management. The adjustment of the home to 
changed social and economic conditions, civic responsibilities of the 
home, the organization and efficient handling of home industries, 
household accounts, and the family budget. Each student is required 
to live in the practice house for at least six weeks. 2 hours class 
work, and laboratory work in the practice house. 3 s. h. 

43 Costume and Design. Art principles and color harmonies 
applied to the original designing of costumes in pencil-drawing and 
crayons. A survey of historic costumes from ancient to modern 
times, thus giving a background of knowledge from which to draw 
and create new designs. 1 hour class work, 4 hours laboratory. 3 s. h. 

44 Advanced Clothing. The construction of garments from 
different materials; accessories to complete the costume; economics of 
textile purchasing. 1 hour class work, 4 hours laboratory. Prere- 
quisites: Home Economics 13-14 and 43. 3 s. h. 

45 Materials and Methods of Teaching Home Economics. A 
study of the development of Home Economics; organization and con- 
tent of course of study; leaders in the work of Home Economics in 
relation of Home Economics to other subjects in high school curricula; 
planning and presentation of lessons; texts, reference books, and maga- 
zines; and the place of Home Economics teachers in the community. 
3 s. h. 

48-49 Home-Makers' Course. A survey course to , acquaint 
students who are not majoring in Home Economics with the principles 
of architectural designs, home planning and furnishing, cooking, 
serving, sewing, color harmony, dress designing, and other pertinent 
information for the home-maker. No credit on major. 6 s. h. 



88 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

DEPARTMENT OF MUSIC 

MR. PRATT, Piano, Organ, and Theory 

MISS CHAMBLEE, Voice and Public School Music 

MR. MOORE, Piano, Organ, and Theory, Violin 

MR. WALKER, Band 

The Department of Music has a four-fold purpose: First, 
to offer courses in the theory of music and to the general 
student body. Second, to afford opportunities for musical 
growth through student participation in the concerted per- 
formance of music. Third, to provide a comprehensive foun- 
dation for those wishing to make music their profession. 
Fourth, to offer lessons in applied music to special students, 
either children or adults. 

Diploma in Music. — The sequence leading to a Diploma 
in Music is intended for the student who wishes to make the 
profession of music his life work. The diploma qualifies a 
student to apply for a certificate to teach music in the public 
schools of North Carolina, provided the student takes the ad- 
vanced course in Public School Methods (Music 45-46). How- 
ever, the candidate for the diploma need not prepare for public 
school teaching. Diplomas are given in Theory, Piano, Or- 
gan, Violin, and Voice. The requirements for the Diploma 
in Music will be found under the Outline of Courses of Study. 

Certificate in Music. — The sequence leading to a Certifi- 
cate in Music is intended for those students who desire to 
teach music in public schools. This certificate qualifies the 
student to apply for the North Carolina Public School Music 
Certificate. The requirements for the Certificate in Music 
will be found under the Outline of Courses of Study. 

11-12 Harmony. Intervals, scales, triads, seventh- and ninth- 
chords, inversions, figured bass and harmonization of melodies, dia- 
tonic modulation, elementary form. 6 s. h. 

13-14 Ear Training and Sight-Singing. The course presents 
the rudiments of music, develops sight-singing ability, and musical 
dictation. 3 s. h. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 89 

15-16 Introduction to Music. An introductory survey course, 
open to all students of the College. The fundamentals of music, 
musical instruments, forms of musical composition. The development 
of an appreciative understanding and enjoyment of music from the 
listner's point of view. No credit on major. 4 s. h. 

17-18 Piano, Organ, Violin, or Voice. Private lessons, see 
below. 2-4 s. h. 

21-22 Advanced Harmony. Altered chords, non - harmonic 
tones, chromatic and enharmonic modulation, form and analysis. Pre- 
requisite: Music 11-12. 6 s. h. 

23-24 History and Appreciation of Music. The development 
of musical art from ancient times to the present. The relationship 
between the evolution of music and social conditions, and between 
music and the other arts. The study of music as literature, through 
analysis of masterworks. 6 s. h. 

25-26 Public School Music. Choice of Materials for elemen- 
tary grades, choice of materials, rote-scngs, part-songs, folk-songs. 
The child's voice, correction of the monotone. Intended primarily for 
students seeking primary or grammar grade Certificate. No credit on 
major. 3 s. h. 

27-28 Piano, Organ, Violin, or Voice. Private lessons: see 
below. 2-4 s. h. 

31-32 Counterpoint. Sixteenth-century and modern counter- 
point in two, three, and four parts. Counterpoint applied to various 
types of vocal and instrumental composition. Prerequisite: Music 
11-12. 6 s. h. 

33 Church Music and Hymnology. The history of music in 
the Church. Detailed hymnological studies. The sacred as contrasted 
with the secular style. The ideals of church music and the means for 
their realization. The development of discriminating taste in the 
selection of vocal and instrumental music for use in the Church. 
2 s. h. 

34 Conducting. Technique of conducting. Score reading, 
reasonance, and combination of tone qualities in orchestral choirs, the 
conducting of symphonies and choral works. 2 s. h. 

37-38 Private Lessons in Piano, Organ, Violin, and Voice. 
2-4 s. h. 



90 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

41-42 Composition. Creative work in music, advanced form 
and analysis, modern harmonic and contrapuntal theories. 6 s. h. 

43-44 Advanced Form and Analysis. A study of musical form 
through the Sonata-Allegro forms. Students working toward a Di- 
ploma in Music Theory must take Music 41-42 rather than this 
course. 4 s. h. 

45-46 Advanced Public School Music. The study of materials 
and methods for primary and intermediate grades, junior and senior 
high school; choice of materials and methods in appreciation; the 
child's voice and the changing voice. This course is intended pri- 
marily for music majors seeking a teacher's Certificate in Music. 
6 s. h. 

47-48 Piano, Organ, Violin, and Voice. Private lessons; see 
below. 2-3 s. h. 

Applied Music 

Private lessons in Piano, Organ, Violin, and Voice, may 
be taken in the Department of Music for credit on degrees 
up to 12 semester hours. (See note under Electives.) A max- 
imum of two hours credit per semester is granted for two 
thirty-minute lessons and twelve hours of practice a week. 
Credit is determined, however, on the basis of actual accom- 
plishment, and is granted only after examination before the 
members of the faculty of the Department of Music. 

Piano. — Preparatory and Intermediate Courses. — These 
courses cover the work in piano from the beginning through 
such compositions as the Little Preludes by Bach, Sonatinas by 
Kuhlau and Beethoven, Studies by Heller. 

Advanced Courses. — The freshman course begins with 
the Two-Part Inventions of Bach; Studies, Opus 299 of Czer- 
ny, the easier sonatas of Mozart and Beethoven, pieces of 
Grieg, Chopin, Schumann and others. The sophomore and 
junior courses cover more difficult compositions. The best 
compositions of the classic, romantic, and modern schools are 
studied. The senior course covers such compositions as the 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 91 

Transcriptions by Bach-Liszt, the more difficult preludes of 
Debussy, Concertos. 

Organ. — The freshman course in Piano must be complet- 
ed before beginning the study of Organ. The material used 
in the organ course includes the Organ School by Ritter, pre- 
ludes and fuges of Bach, sonatas of Mendelssohn, Rheinberger, 
and Guilmant, and standard compositions of the modern 
school. The students will have thorough drill in sight-reading 
and the different styles of hymn playing, together with the 
study of accompaniment for solo, quartet and chorus. 

Violin. — A thorough foundation is given in playing scales 
and arpeggios in any form. An extensive repertory is devel- 
oped from Bruck, Mendelssohn and others. 

Voice. — The first two years of vocal study are devoted 
especially to the correct development of the voice. English, 
Italian and German songs are added, as well as the study of 
operatic and oratorio arias. 

NOTE — Students in Applied Music appear in recitals each 
month. Each student is expected to perform at least twice during the 
year. Every candidate for the Diploma in Piano, Organ, Violin, or 
Voice must give a complete recital during his senior year. 

General Courses in Applied Music 

The Elon Singers. — A choir of mixed voices. Member- 
ship is limited to fifty, and based on examination by the Direc- 
tor of Music. This organization furnishes the music at the 
Sunday morning services of the Elon College Community 
Church, and presents concerts, both sacred and secular, in 
North Carolina and nearby states. There are three rehearsals 
weekly. 

The Elon Festival Chorus. — This chorus is open to all 
students, faculty members, and singers from Elon College and 
surrounding communities. The purpose of the organization 
is to present standard oratorios and other choral works. 



92 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

The Elon Orchestra. — Open, by examination, to students 
who play orchestral instruments. Standard orchestral compo- 
sitions are studied and publicly performed. The orchestra also 
furnishes accompaniment for the Festival Chorus. Two re- 
hearsals weekly. 

The Elon Band. — Training is offered to students who can 
play band instruments. The band furnishes music for athletic 
activities and other college functions. Four rehearsals weekly. 



DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION 

MR. HENDRICKSON 

DR. CARRINGTON 

MR. POWER 

mrs. McAllister 

This department emphasizes the care and building of the 
body and the development of the mind. The further aim is 
to stimulate the growth of such character traits as honesty, 
cleanliness, and cooperation, thus enhancing the student's per- 
sonality and value to society. 

31-32 Physical Education. Designed for students who expect 
to teach. Background in the teaching of health and hygiene; history 
of physical education, planning of programs, supervision of play- 
ground activities; study of games, method of teaching games and 
dances; first aid information. Two hours per week. Open to 
women. 4 s. h. 

33-34 Physical Education. Principles and history of physical 
education, organization and supervision of intra-mural programs, 
teaching and direction of games, coaching, first aid information. Two 
hours a week. Open to men. 4 s. h. 

41-42 Lay Medicine and Hygiene. Practical knowledge about 
the functions of the body in health and disease. Dissection of dog, 
with study of anatomy and physiology, and of diseases and accidents 
with a general resume of their prevention and treatment; study of the 
normal and abnormal functioning of the mind. One hour a week. 
2 s. h. 






THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 93 

Physical Training 

The Physical Training program is planned to give to the 
young women and men varied activities in intra-mural sports, 
including basketball, volley ball, tennis, touch-football, horse- 
shoe pitching, and soccer, rhythmic dancing, hiking, and cal- 
isthenic exercises. 

All students are expected to participate regularly in some 
activity. Young women are required to have physical training 
for two years. 

First Year. Standing, marching, rythms, games, folk-dancing, 
figure marching, drills, and contests. 

Second Year. Figure-marching, rythms, gymnastics, body-build- 
ing, exercises, drills, and games. 



Roster of Students 

SESSION OF 1937-1938. 

SENIORS— Class of 1938. 

Abbitt, James Roxboro, N. C. 

Barrow, John Van • Snow Hill, N. C. 

Beaver, John Lewis China Grove, N. C. 

Boyd, Roy Ingram 232 Burwell Ave., Henderson, N. C. 

Bradley, Eugene Hal Lillington, N. C. 

Braxton, Vernon • Snow Camp, N. C. 

Brooks, James Charles Roxboro, N. C. 

Brown, Margaret Ethel 203 Gilmer St., Burlington, N. C. 

Bullock, Bennett William Fuquay Springs, N. C. 

Butner, Nancy Lou • Carthage, N. C. 

Cameron, George Lawrence, Jr Olivia, N. C. 

Caruso, Joseph 329 Kossuth St., Riverside, N. J. 

Chandler, Soule Calvin Wedgefield, S. C. 

Chesire, James Milton. . • R 1, Sanford, N. C. 

Conyes, Laura Virginia Crotan Dam Road, Ossining, N. Y. 

Day, James Coma Woodsdale, N. C. 

Early, Lloyd Franklin Box 1126, Raleigh, N. C. 

Earp, Margaret Jones • Paces, Va. 

Eaves, Mary Nell R 1, Henderson, N. C. 

Fowler, Robert Hughes Snow Camp, N. C. 

Futrell, Aurelia Rich Square, N. C. 

Galloway, Margaret Maske 614 Spring St., Hamlet, N. C. 

Greenwald, Arthur Allen Cold Spring Road, Huntington, N. Y. 

Harris, Lofton Howell R 3, Siler City, N. C. 

Henderson, Holt Graham, N. C. 

Hester, William Bernice Roxboro, N. C. 

Hilburn, Harold Holmes 819 Branson St., Fayetteville, N. C. 

Hilgreen, Joseph Lawrence 100 Lane Ave., Caldwell, N. J. 

Holmes, Mrs. Edyth Ernst 54 Park Ave., Caldwell, N. J. 

Horton, John Ellington, N. Y. 

Jones, Daniel Pinkney N. Mebane St., Burlington, N. C. 

[ Jones, Howard W R 3, Wadesboro, N. C. 

Kernodle, Charles Edward R 2, Elon College, N. C. 

Kerns, Virginia Ether, N. C. 

King, Talbert 105 Guthrie St., Burlington, N. C. 

Latta, Baxter Hugh R 1, Hillsboro, N. C. 

Lewis, Richard North West End, N. C. 

Lillien, Bernard 1073 Springfield Ave., Irvington, N. J. 

Lloyd, Allen A Hillsboro, N. C. 

Loy, Nell Frances R 1, Burlington, N. C. 

Manchester, Leslie Stephen 16 Judd St., Bristol, Conn. 

LManess, William Holt Yanceyville, N. C. 

Matthews, Richard Hayward • Candor, N. C. 

McBrayer, John Z Box 326, Mooresboro, N. C. 

McCraw, Marshall Woodrow R 1, Gaffney, S. C. 



96 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

McGalliard, James L R 1, Morganton, N. C. 

Miller, Samuel Ford. . • Mount Airy, N. C. 

Moody, Clarence LeGrande, Jr 700 E. Main St., Dillon, S. C. 

Morgan, Henry S : R 1, Prospect Hill, N. C. 

^-Morgan, Juanita Elon College, N. C. 

Murchison, James Victor • R 2, Liberty, N C. 

Padgett, Joe Harte R 4, Shelby, N. C. 

Parrish, Leslie Lermon Elon College, N. C. 

Pritchett, Carl Turner R 1, Elon College, N. C. 

Scales, Helen R 5, Greensboro, N. C. 

Sears, Isaiah Israel Gibsonville, N. C. 

Smith, Howard Kipling, N. C. 

Smith, Margaret Kipling, N. C. 

Story, Hatcher P Courtland, Va. 

Summers, Daniel Barrett. . ■ R 1, Elon College, N. C. 

Thomas, Clare R 1, Broadway, N. C. 

Thompson, Thomas Russell 607 S. Mebane St., Burlington, N. C. 

Tulschinsky, Emanuel D 389 Leslie St., Newark, N. J. 

Tutor, Maybelle • R 1, Fuquay Springs, N. C. 

Walker, Archie Hagen -2011 F Ave., Ensley, Ala. 

, Walker, Landon Davis 1218 Dilworth Road, Charlotte, N. C. 

Walker, Jesse Marshall Burlington, N. C. 

Wilburn, James Lewis • Varina, N. C. 

Wilkins, Bessie Beatrice Box 220, Haw River, N. C. 

Williams, Thomas Hendrix Washington, N. C. 

Yarbrough, Walter R 4, Dunn, N. C. 

JUNIORS— Class of 1939. 

Arnold, L. Mavert R 1, Fuquay Springs, N. C. 

Barnwell, George S R 3, Mebane, N. C. 

Bowers, Thurman F B 93, R 4, Greensboro, N. C. 

Brannock, Edith Ruth Elon College, N. C. 

Brannon, Horace O'Shields Mill Springs, N. C. 

Campbell, Cleveland Eugene 202 N. Main St., Danville, Va. 

Clark, Ruth Page. . • 700 Graham St., Raleigh, N. C. 

Craven, Mildred Main St., Ramseur, N. C. 

Cromlish, Richard Stanton .' 819 East End Ave., Wilkinsbury, Pa. 

Dailey, Helen Tate 306 Tarpley St., Burlington, N. C. 

Deaver, Geraldine • Mooresboro, N. C 

Dollar, Mervin Malone, Ala. 

Donavon, Frank 50 Pansy Ave., Floral Park, N. Y. 

Earp, Thomas Spencer • Milton, N. C. 

Farrell, Garland Lawrence Aberdeen, N. C. 

Fleming, Archiable Grimesland, N. C. 

Fonville, Walter O.. R 5, Burlington, N. C. 

Furness, Thomas, Jr 2 Terrace Drive, Canton, N. C. 

Gaylord, Tommie Martin Jamesville, N. C. 

Gillespie, James W • Haw River, N. C. 

Gutirerrez, Jorge Ribal Jovellar 12, altos, Havana, Cuba 

Hackney, James Siler City, N. C. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 97 

Hamrick, Charles Robert • Boiling Springs, N. C. 

Harrington, Jesse W Merry Oaks, N. C. 

Haynes, Andrew A 701 S. Summit Ave., Charlotte, N. C. 

Hedgebeth, Emmanuel Stuart • Holland, Va. 

Hendricks, Harris Linesay 109 Church St., Laurinburg, N. C. 

Holmes, George Thomas Snow Hill, N. C. 

Holt, Christine R 1, Graham, N. C. 

Howard, Lester Purvis. . • Hallison, N. C. 

Hubbard, Louis E., Jr 107 Third St., Farmville, Va. 

Hudgins, Maxine 838 W. Thirty-fourth St., Norfolk, Va. 

Huffine, Lloyd George Elon College, N. C 

Hunt, Edward Albert, Jr • R 5, Oxford, N. C. 

Hunt, John Graham R 5, Oxford, N. C. 

Hurst, Ben 5 Broad, New Bern, N. C. 

Israel, Archie George 206 Plaza Ave., Waterbury, Conn, 

James, Melvin Eugenia • R 1, Haw River, N. C. 

Johnson, Robert S Fuquay Springs, N. C. 

Jones, William Thomas R 1, Holland, Va. 

Kazlow, Vincent Albert 1714 Boulevard Ave., Cumbola, Pa. 

Kid, Roy Linton R 1, Hemp, N. C. 

Klapp, Grace Viola South Center St., Mebane, N. C. 

Markham, Elizabeth R 6, Durham, N. C. 

Mashburn, Beatrice Star, N. C. 

Mastrobattisto, Albert Karl 103 Divinity St., Bristol, Conn. 

Matlock, Rebecca Frances Elon College, N. C 

Mclnnis, Neil Woodrow R 1, West End, N. C. 

Miller, Margaret Zudetta Ridgeway, S. C. 

Noell, Nathaniel W Jonesboro, N. C. 

Parker, James Wesley 1530 Barron St., Portsmouth, Va. 

Pender, Nancy Louise 611 Maple Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Perry, Thomas Marshall Jonesboro, N. C. 

Reeve, Florence Eunice 94 Sound Ave., Riverhead, N. Y. 

Reynolds, Ruby Etheline Leaman, N. C. 

Sanderson, Emerson J Newmarket, Ont. 

Sandlin, Gladys 614 Broad St., Burlington, N. C. 

Satterfield, Henry David Prospect Hill, N. C. 

Sloan, Jordon Alexander R 2, Sanford, N. C. 

Somers, Vernon Lee R 2, Elon College, N. C. 

Spell, Leroy Penn Roseboro, N. C. 

Stephens, Craton Gilmer 66 Market St., Hertford, N. C. 

Stephens, Ona Mary 66 Market St., Hertford, N. C. 

Taylor, Wiley Sidney. Private Drive, Aberdeen, N. C. 

Thompson, Robert Elijah Bostic, N. C. 

Tillmanns Gwendolyne Paula. 3009 Park Ave., Bridgeport, Conn. 

Underwood, Samuel Rufus Yancey ville, N. C. 

Walker, Mary Frances 605 Fountain PI., Burlington, N. C. 

Walker, Worth Galloway R 1, Elon College, N. C. 

Watson, Joseph Allen Morven, N. C. 

Waugh Juanita Azile 105 S. Mebane St., Burlington, N. C. 

Webster, George Daniel Elon College, N. C. 

West, Floyd Elwood Enfield, N. C. 



98 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

White, James William 25 Cullen St., East Taunton, Mass. 

Wilson, William Woodrow Mebane, N. C. 

Wright, Lucy Mae Star, N. C. 

SOPHOMORE— Class of 1940. 

Anschelewitz, Arnold 48 Inlet Terrace, Belmar, N. J. 

Apple, Lula Katherine Rl, Elon College, N. C. 

Askew, Allen Edgar Eure, N. C. 

Basnight, Jack Horner Stokes, N. C 

Baynes, John A., Jr 407 N. Main St., Burlington, N. C. 

Bean, Frances T 803 Third St., Spencer, N. C. 

Blue, Herbert Nelson R 3, Carthage, N. C. 

Bryant, Edith Virginia Box B, Elon College, N. C. 

Capillary, Henry D Freeport, Pa. 

Clarke, Gordon Linwood R 3, Greenville, N. C. 

Coble, Clifton Worth R 1, Julian, N. C. 

Coble Zebulon Vance 108 Anthony St., Burlington, N. C. 

Congleton, James Beverly Stokes, N. C. 

Cooper, Walter Lee 214 W. Ruffin St., Burlington, N. C. 

Davis, Gilbert Byron R 1, Gibsonville, N. C 

Divers, Richard Martin Stuart, Va. 

Dixon, Elizabeth Graham, N. C. 

Elmore, Orville Arthur Fancy Gap, Va. 

Fearrington, Edwin Chapel Hill, N. C. 

Fesmire, Isaac L 1106 Battleground Ave., Greensboro, N. C. 

Fitch, Edna Muriel 605 S. Mebane St., Burlington, N. C. 

Flory, Edwin Bruce 19 Birchwood Ave., Dayton, Ohio 

Fogleman, Ursula R 2, Liberty, N. C. 

Fonville, Deroy Ransom 413 N. Main St., Burlington, N. C. 

Foushee, Sam Bradshaw Elon College, N. C. 

Fritts, James Phillip S. Main St., Lexington, N. C. 

Fuller, Andrew Wade 71 Middle St., New Bern, N. C. 

Garian, Jake 2900 W. Cary St., Richmond, Va. 

Garner, Ralph P R 2, Newport, N. C. 

Haggard, Jerry 306 N. Canal St., Carlsbad, N. M. 

Harrell, Miriam Joyce Box 248, Burgaw, N. C. 

Harrington, Helen R 2, Sanford, N. C. 

Hill, J. W Virgilina, Va. 

Holden, Rebecca Anne 707 N. Main St., Louisburg, N. C. 

Holland, James Griffin 319 S. Lafayette St., Shelby, N. C 

Hufhnes, Kenneth Elon College, N. C. 

James, Catherine Campbell 437 C. Beverly St., Staunton, Va. 

Johnston, Charles H., Jr Haw River, N. C. 

Jones, Curtis Hughes Hurdle Mills, N. C. 

Jones, Oscar Carl Bolton, N. C. 

Jones, Thomas Rawls Holland, Va. 

King, Raleigh William Gates, N. C. 

Lawson, Katherine Rougemont, N. C. 

Lea, Arthur Brenton 1003 Lindsay St., High Point, N. C. 

Lea, Pete S Elon College, N. C. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 99 

Leath, June Frances 416 Spring St., Burlington, N. C. 

Lee, Walter Finley Bolton, N. C. 

Lindley, Andrew Hoyt 420 W. Washington St., Greensboro, N. C. 

Longest, Walter Roland 211 Orange St. Beaufort, N. C. 

Malbon, Eugene Robert 524 Queen St., Portsmouth, Va. 

McCauley, Charles 710 Church St., Burlington, N. C. 

McDuffie, Albert Glenn West End, N. C. 

McFariand, Leighton Wilson 1313 Summitt Ave., Greensboro, N. C. 

McPherson, William Steadman Box 195, Burlington, N. C. 

Minirak, William Henry R 1, Vandergrift, Pa. 

Mitchell, George Cleveland, Jr 305 W. Ruffin St., Burlington, N. C. 

Moore, Bonnie Graham, N. C. 

Neese, Jack Harrell Box 136, Reidsville, N. C. 

Noon, Martin Gerard 45 Spruce Ave., Floral Park, N. Y. 

Odom, Julius David, Jr Main St., Red Springs, N. C. 

Peebles, Stafford Randolph R 4, Oxford, N. C. 

Pickett, Mattie Lucille R 1, Burlington, N. C. 

Piland, Ida Mae R 3, Suffolk, Va. 

Pittman, Charles Ernest 303 Daniel, Wilson, N. C. 

Puglisi, John George 56 Dewey Ave., Huntington, N. Y. 

Quackenbush, Louise Ruth Graham, N. C. 

Ray, Helen Florine Elon College, N. C. 

Rogers, James Franklin Mebane, N. C. 

Senter, Worth Delmar Kipling, N. C. 

Sharpe, Lawrence Albright R 4, Burlington, N. C. 

Shelton, Amos Raleigh 705 Railroad Ave., Greensboro, N. C. 

Shoff ner, Jack Liberty, N. C. 

Smith, Anneta Angeline Brown Summitt, N. C. 

Stewart, William M R 2, Derita, N. C. 

Thompson, Azariah Graves R 1, Reidsville, N. C. 

Tysor, Freddy Nathan 12 Jenkins St., Greensboro, N. C. 

Vore, Duane Nathan 441 N. Miami St., West Milton, Ohio 

Walters, Ruth 220 Union Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Warren, Dorothy Mae Staley, N. C. 

Watkins, Herman L Box 295, R 1, Whiteville, N. C. 

Watts, Hal H Elon College, N. C. 

Whitley, Lloyd Elmo 611 Coble St., High Point, N. C. 

Womble, Laura Ellen Sanford, N. C. 

Wood, James Vernon Graham, N. C. 

FRESHMAN— Class of 1941. 

Armstrong, Wm. R., Ill 248 Lucille Ave., Norfolk, Va. 

Audaino, Michael Frank 136 Prospect St., Bristol, Conn. 

Barney, Winifred Elon College, N. C. 

Bauknecht, Harry Christie Midland Ave., R 1, Ridgewood, N. J. 

Bernstein, Eli 506 9th Ave., Belmar, N. J. 

Bivins, Jourdon Hillsboro, N. C. 

Blanks, Joe Younger Reams Ave., Roxboro, N. C. 

Boone, Helen 206 Everett St., Burlington, N. C. 

Boswell, Marvin Tapscott R 2, Burlington, N. C. 



100 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 



Bottoms, Baxter Aycock Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Brennan, Joseph Daniel 301 Tener St., Luzerne, Pa. 

Broa dwell, Henry C R 1, Elon College, N. C. 

Brooks, Roger Box 309, Haw River, N. C. 

Brooks, Wesley Hall Roxboro, N. C. 

Brown, Howard 2338 Greenway, Charlotte, N. C. 

Busick, Russell Terce Brown Summitt, N. C. 

Butler, Claudia R 4, Reidsville, N. C. 

Carroway, Nelson Snow Hill, N. C. 

Caruso, Silvio 329 Kossuth St., Riverside, N. J. 

Causey, William Garland 611 Wise St., High Point, N. C. 

Chadwick, Richard Hunter 110 Tunner St., Beaufort, N. C. 

Claytor, Mary King St., Hillsboro, N. C. 

Coble, Albert Vernon R 1, Burlington, N. C. 

Coggins, J. F., Jr Lillington, N. C. 

Cook, Sittle Berry Grunberry, N. C. 

Cooper, Lee Corden R 5, Sanford, N. C. 

Cooper, Nathan Joseph R 1, Valdese, N. C. 

Crutchfield, Moses 330 West Lee St., Greensboro, N. C. 

Dameron Mary Lee Yanceyville, N. C. 

Dameron, Thomas F Yanceyville, N. C. 

Day, Joel Lee Woodsdale, N. C. 

Dorn, George E 18 Allen St., Winsted, Conn. 

Eaves, Christine R 1, Henderson, N. C. 

Eaves, Vernice R 1, Henderson, N. C. 

Edwards, Dorothys Elizabeth 200 Dinwiddie St., Portsmouth, Va. 

Ef land, Carolyn Ef land, N. C. 

Fagan, Ivan Hugo S. Broadway St., Forest City, N. C. 

Fones, Grover LeRoy 711 Wythe St., Alexandria, Va. 

Forrester, Sam Carrick 202 Moorehead St., Burlington, N. C. 

Foster, Ruby Lee R 1, Burlington, N. C. 

Foushee Jack Elon College, N. C. 

Foust, J. Alexander, Jr R 1, Graham, N. C. 

Fowlkes, John Wesley Yanceyville, N. C. 

Freeland, Estelle Efland, N. C. 

Fulcher, Clayton, Jr Atlantic, N. C. 

Gant, John Haw River, N. C. 

Gainer, Harry Collins Penrose Park, Reidsville, N. C. 

Gatlin, W. J., Jr Bridgeton, N. C. 

Gentry, Lonnie Dwight Roxboro, N. C. 

Gawler, John Washington Ave., Atlantic Highlands, N. J. 

Gililam, Jack Broadway St., Forest City, N. C. 

Golombek, Joseph Key Road, Portsmouth, Va. 

Gordon, Doris Brown Summitt, N. C. 

Gray, Robert Edward Lee R 4, Snow Hill, N. C. 

Grundman, Regdon August 818 Terrell St., Greensboro, N. C. 

Gurganus, Thomas Verona, N. C. 

Hamilton, Robert Lee 815 Gibson St., Gastonia, N. C. 

Hanford, Edward Russell R 5, Burlington, N. C. 

Harden, Charles R R 1, Graham, N. C. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 101 

Hayes, Mary Lou 3649 Brooks Ave., Cincinnati, Ohio 

Heatwole, Hubert 313 S. Broad St., Burlington, N. C. 

Heffers, Joseph Francis 862 Shoemaker St., West Wyoming, Pa. 

Hines, Oscar Wesley McLeansville, N. C. 

Hinkle, William High Point, N. C. 

Hoffman, Violet Graham R 4, Burlington, N. C. 

Holland, Wesley Clair Trenton, N. C. 

Holmes, Evelyn Creedmore, N. C. 

Hook, Cephas Garvin Capon Bridge, W. Va. 

Hook, Jessie Irene Elon College, N. C 

Howard, Robert Lee Hallison, N. C. 

Huff, Mary Lois Elon College, N. C. 

Hughes, LeRoy Sloan Elon College, N. C. 

Inman, Roger Winfree R 5, Mount Airy, N. C. 

Inman, Thomas Grayson R 5, Mount Airy, N. C. 

Iseley, Allen A R 4, Burlington, N. C. 

Israel, Virginia Dare R S, Lumberton, N. C. 

James, A. P S. Main St., Roxboro, N. C. 

Jeffreys, Warren Russell Elon College, N. C. 

Jenkins, Herbert Anderson Maiden, N. C. 

Johnson, Essie Lucille R 1, Zuni, Va. 

Johnston, James Lee Haw River, N. C. 

Johnston, James Vard Wall St., Yanceyville, N. C. 

Kernodle, George Wallace R 2, Elon College, N. C. 

Kirkpatrick, William Eugene .- R 2, Graham, N. C. 

Kivette, Camille Church St., Gibsonville, N. C. 

Koury, Ernest A 513 N. Park Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Lamm, George Benton Lucama, N. C. 

Laughon, Walter 347 Broad St., Portsmouth, Va. 

Lawrence, Claude H Mount Airy, N. C. 

Lawrence, Joseph O'Donovan 82 Decatur St., Portsmouth, Va. 

Lawson, Glenn Moore 1908 Charleston Ave., Portsmouth, Va. 

Lee, Francis Jones Virgilina, Va. 

Lewis, James Wade West End, N. C. 

Litchfield, John Stockard Aurora, N. C. 

Lowe, Early Fred R 1, Elon College, N. C. 

Lowe, Stanley Wright 804 N. Main St., Burlington, N. C. 

Lynch, Neydelle 302 Yadkin Ave., Spencer, N. C. 

Maness, Charles Yanceyville, N. C. 

Mann, Rex Kipling, N. C. 

Martin, Roberta Eagle Rock, N. C. 

Mansfield, Roy H R 2, Sanford, N. C. 

May John Allen 1521 Fairmount Ave., Greensboro, N. C. 

Meacham, James Robert R 1, Mowen, N. C. 

McCauley, Lon Albert, Jr R 2, Burlington, N. C. 

McCotter, Joseph Carsman .309 Jackson St., Suffolk, Va. 

McDade, James Pass R 2, Hillsboro, N. C. 

McDiarmid, Harold Alexander Raeford, N. C. 

Michael, Parish Garland 422 N. Edgeworth St., Greensboro, N. C. 

Moore, Joe L 119 West Road, Portsmouth, Va. 



102 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

Moore, Oscar Dalton 116 Carolina Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Nance, John Wesley R 1, Graham, N. C. 

Newman, Van Stone Cary, N. C. 

Newton, Elizabeth Box 67, Jupiter, Fla. 

Norfleet, Frederick Scott 419 N. Main St., Suffolk, Va. 

Ortega, Marcellina Brookwood Ext., Burlington, N. C. 

Ownley, Curtis Elizabeth City, N. J. 

Pace, Helen Elizabeth R 3, Burlington, N. C 

Paris, Pearl Preston 747 Park Ave., Greensboro, N. C. 

Parker, Charles W 1530 Barron St., Portsmouth, Va. 

Parker, James Linwood 1037 Prentis Ave., Portsmouth, Va. 

Paul, Hyram Overton Aurora, N. C. 

Pearce, John Henry R 3, Suffolk, Va. 

Pennington, Margaret Teague New London, N. C. 

Pointer, Carl Hunter Blanche, N. C. 

Powell, Clarence Lee 119 Clay St., Suffolk, Va. 

Powell, Harold Lloyd R 3, Morganton, N. C. 

Price, Francis 100 E. McCulloch St., Greensboro, N. C. 

Pritchett, Mary Elizabeth R 1, Elon College, N. C. 

Pruden, Peter Dewitt Smithfield Road, Suffolk, Va. 

Quackenbush, Joy Belle R 1, Graham, N. C. 

Rawls, Charles Holland 202 S. Broad St., Suffolk, Va. 

Rawls, Travis Murray Verona, N. C. 

Rector, Joseph J R 1, Valdese, N. C. 

Richardson, Howard Allen 808 Gist Ave., Silver Springs, Md. 

Rigney, Viney Sue Fancy Gap, Va. 

Robinson, Lewis B Alexandria, Va. 

Rogers, John Pershing Oakboro, N. C. 

Rumley, James Elon College, N. C. 

Russell, Douglas Wilson R 1, Roseboro, N. C. 

Saeker, Wellington Mills 403 Chautauqua Ave., Portsmouth, Va. 

Secrest, Paul Drexal, N. C. 

Shoaf, Roy R 4, Salisbury, N. C. 

Simpson, William Van 2304 Spring Garden St., Greensboro, N. C. 

Smith, Aubrey 622 Broad Ave., Greensboro, N. C. 

Smith, Edward Brodie Box 182, Haw River, N. C. 

Smith, F. Sigmon R 2, Box 136, Greensboro, N. C. 

Smith, John Marshall Chatham, Va. 

Smith, Ross Lee R 4, Burlington, N. C. 

Stephenson, Robert Hugh Box 116, Severn, N. C. 

Stewart, David Carlton Summerfield, N. C. 

Stokes, Martha 2 S. Vance St., Lexington, N. C. 

Tate, Joseph Alexander R 1, Mebane, N. C. 

Taylor, Earl Cochran R 1, Harrisburg, N. C 

Taylor, John B Semora, N. C. 

Troxler, Frank Elon College, N. C. 

Troxler, Robert S. Jr R 4, Burlington, N. C. 

"Truitt, Robert Wesley 309 Elam Ave., Greensboro, N.' CT3 

Tsiknas, George Main St., Hyannis, Mass. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 103 

Tyson, Archie Reid Stokes, N. C 

Vanderford, Mable 203 Graves St., Burlington, N. C. 

Walker, Mary Lewis R 2, Brown Summitt, N. C. 

Walker, Nannie Virginia Elon College, N. C. 

Walker, William Thomas R ., Brown Summitt, N. .C 

Walters, Charles Manly, Jr 220 Union Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Wells, Nathan Henry Princeton, N. C. 

Westbrook, John E Elon College, N. C. 

Westmoreland, John S Box 37, Gibsonville, N. C. 

Wilkinson, Jack 1511 Charleston Ave., Portsmouth, Va. 

Wright, Gladys Ree Star, N. C. 

Wynne, Lawson Paul Burlington Ave., Gibsonville, N. C. 

Yorke, James Marcus, Jr R 1, Mebane, N. C. 

SPECIAL DEPARTMENTS. 

ART. 

Allen, Mrs. Bess Land 304 Hillcrest St., Burlington, N. C. 

Apple, Elizabeth Elon College, N. C. 

Brannoch, Edith Elon College, N. C. 

Cates, Mrs. Melba Warren 218 Union Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Cheek, Mrs. Ethel Russell R 1, Graham, N. C. 

Crutchfield, Christine Mary R 1, Graham, N. C. 

Dailey, Helen 306 Tarpley St .,Burlington, N. C. 

Deaver, Geraldine Mooresboro, N. C. 

Eaves, Mary Nell R 1, Henderson, N. C. 

Ellington, Mrs. A. J 606 Fountain Place, Burlington, N. C. 

Foushee, Carolyn Elon College, N. C. 

Fuller, Mrs. Mamie Prospect Hill, N. C. 

Futrell, Aurelia Rich Square, N. C. 

Galloway, Margaret 614 Spring St., Hamlet, N. C. 

James, Melvin R 1, Haw River, N. C. 

Jones, Mrs. Marguerite Bennett, N. C. 

Loy, Nell R 1, Burlington, N. C. 

Mabe, Coy E Prospect Hill, N. C. 

Mashburn, Beatrice Star, N. C. 

Mastrobatistto, Albert Karl 103 Divinity St., Briston, Conn. 

Matlock, Rebecca Elon College, N. C. 

McCormick, Mrs. Frank O Prospect Hill, N. C. 

Meacham, Ruby Elon College, N. C. 

Messick, Rose Elon College, N. C. 

Miller, Margaret Ridgeway, S. C. 

Morgan, Juanita Elon College, N. C. 

Murray, Beulah R 4, Snow Camp, N. C. 

Nelson, Matilda Swepsonville, N. C. 

Nolan, Mrs. Julia Sherman Burlington, N. C. 

Phillips, Mrs. Bronna Carter Bennett, N. C. 

Powell, Sophia Elon College, N. C. 

Reynolds, Etheline Leaman, N. C. 

Rountree, Lillie Mae Gibsonville, N. C. 

Sharpe, Boyd R 4, Burlington, N. C. 



104 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

Sizemore, Wallie Burlington, N. C. 

Stephens, Ona Mae 66 Market St., Hertford, N. C. 

Strader, Mrs. Jerry N. Main St., Burlington, N. C. 

Tapscott, Bruce Elon College, N. C. 

Terrell, Billy Elon College, N. C. 

Thompson, Thelma Haw River, N. C. 

Walker, Mary Brown Summitt, N. C. 

Walker, Mary Hannah Gibsonville, N. C. 

White, Mrs. Alice Tew R 1, Graham, N. C. 

Wilkins, Beatrice l Haw River, N. C. 

Williams, Mrs. Foy C Prospect Hill, N. C. 

COMMERCIAL. 

Ballard, Leone Box 86, Spray, N. C. 

Bivins, Mary Hillsboro, N. C. 

Boland, Kenneth 609 S. Broad St., Burlington, N. C. 

Boyette, Evelyn Toccoa, Ga. 

Brown, Lillian R 4, Winston-Salem, N. C. 

Cobb, Elizabeth 605 Spring St., Burlington, N. C. 

Edwards, Alma R 1, Henderson, N. C. 

Edwards, Ida Mae R 4, Henderson, N. C. 

Fitzgerald, Catherine 212 East 5th St., Burlington, N. C. 

Gehm, Betty Jane Fifth St., Mebane, N. C. 

Gray, Nannie Elizabeth Box 163, Enfield, N. C. 

Harris, Ruth Candor, N. C. 

Hinson, Reather Afton 83 Lawsonville Ave., Reidsville, N. C. 

Hite, Jayne Esther Box 84, Gibsonville, N. C. 

Hoylman, Nancy Lee 900 McCormick Ave., Clifton, Forge, Va. 

Lashley, Eunice Barden Mebane, N. C. 

Leath, William Jefferson 303 Rauhut St., Burlington, N. C. 

Mangum, Marie 606 Maple Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Mclver, Ima Delores 903 Church St., Burlington, N. C. 

Miller, Ruth Lee Elon College, N. C. 

Moore, Emma Ruth 303 Ireland St., Burlington, N. C. 

Moore, Evanell R 2, Elon College, N. C. 

Nash, Margaret Bryant Elon College, N. C. 

Paisley, Becky McLeansville, N. C. 

Pittard, Jesse Enfield, N. C. 

Rabey, James Thomas Box B, Elon College, N. C. 

Rierson, Mary Elizabeth Church St., Gibsonville, N. C. 

Riley, Nell 702 Washington St., Burlington, N. C. 

Rountree, Lillian Mae Box 43, Gibsonville, N. C. 

Rudd, Thomas Hurley R 1, Yanceyville, N. C. 

Self, Vera Elizabeth 901 S. Park Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Somers, Blanche 1100 Church St., Burlington, N. C. 

Somers, Lucille R 2, Elon College, N. C. 

Stimson, Dorsey Evelyn Lewisville, N. C. 

Straughn, Mary Lois R 3, Siler City, N. C. 

Thompson, Annie Lee Elon College, N. C. 

Thompson, Sara Madge Elon College, N. C. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 105 



Troxler, Wayne Daniel R 1, Elon College, N. C. 

Webster, Nellie Mae Haw River, N. C. 

Wright, Frances Louise Star, N. C. 

Wyrick, John Rigdon Gibsonville, N. C. 

EXTENSION— BURLINGTON BRANCH. 

Aldridge, Gladys Crawford 618 Fountain Place, Burlington, N. C. 

Andrew, Ruby Graham, N. C 

Barker, Jesse Robert Box 217, Haw River, N. C. 

Barnette, R. W Graham, N. C. 

Brittle, Dorothy Mae Elon College, N. C. 

Cheek, Mrs. Ethel Russell Graham, N. C. 

Coble, Mrs. Charles B R 4, Burlington, N. C. 

Coble, Ethel Andrey, (Mrs. M. A.) 507 E. Davis St., Burlington, N. C. 

Coble, Helen Louise 508 S. Broad St., Burlington, N. C. 

Coggins, Frances Doree 812 W. Davis St., Burlington, N. C 

Collins, Ethel Zimmerman R 1, Gibsonville, N. C. 

DuRant, Frances Doree 812 W. Davis St., Burlington, N. C. 

Earle, Dorothy Lee Mebane, N. C. 

Fleming, Nellie Sue 403 Church St., Burlington, N. C. 

Foster, Mrs. J. L Elon College, N. C. 

Foust, Lucy Rosalind Burlington, N. C. 

Fulton, Mary R Mebane, N. C. 

Fuquay, Wade F R 1, Snow Camp, N. C. 

Gilreath. Esmarch S 216 Union Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Glenn, Mrs. Katie B R 1, Graham, N. C. 

Gregg, Bessie Lorraine 305 Logan St., Burlington, N. C. 

Harden, Annie Ruth Graham, N. C. 

Harden, Margaret Graham, N. C. 

Hill, Reed L R 1, Snow Camp, N. C. 

Holt, Elsie Coble R 1, Graham, N. C. 

Howell, C. W Elon College, N. C. 

Johnson, Otto Caesar Snow Camp, N. C. 

Jones, Mrs. Mildred S R 4, Mebane, N. C. 

Kernodle, Mrs. Lecy Martin R 1, Elon College, N. C. 

Lindley, William Armick R 2, Graham, N. C. 

McBane, Thomas Everette Snow Camp, N. C. 

Mclntyre, Annie Mae Graham, N. C. 

McLean, Mrs. Virginia Tate Box 62, Graham, N. C. 

Morrow, Adelaide 417 Hillcrest St., Burlington, N. C. 

Reitzel, Ora Ruth 307 Everett St., Burlington, N. C. 

Rives, Evelyn Mae Box 226, Elon College, N. C. 

Rumley, Mary Matkine Elon College, N. C. 

Self, H. G Box 634, Burlington, N. C. 

Self, Mrs. H. G Box 634, Burlington, N. C. 

Sherrill, Ethel R 2, Elon College, N. C. 

Smith, Richard Ruth Box 62, Siler City, N. C 

Stuart, L. E Snow Camp, N. C. 

Tate, Mrs. Alma Crawford W. Elm St., Graham, N. C. 



106 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

Tate, Jean Murray N. Main St., Graham, N. C. 

Terrell, William Brown Elon College, N. C. 

Thomas, Mrs. Mary M Burlington, N. C. 

Thompson, Annie Sydnie Maple St., Graham, N. C. 

Thompson, Thelma Amanda Haw River, N. C. 

Walker, J. R R 3, Burlington, N. C. 

Walker, Mabel Duella Graham, N. C. 

Walker, Nannie Bruce R 3, Burlington, N. C. 

Warren, Lila Ruth 404 S. Broad St., Burlington, N. C. 

Wicker, Winston Camille Mebane, N. C. 

Wilkins, Ida Viola Haw River, N. C. 

Williford, Lonnie Rosseau R 3, Mebane, N. C. 

Wilson, Myrtle Foushee Box 185, Graham, N. C. 

Woodson, Julia E 106 Brooks Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Yarbrough, Virginia 403 Ireland St., Burlington, N. C. 

Yoder, Mrs. Edwin M Mebane, N. C. 

Young, W. A Graham, N. C. 

MUSIC. 

Allen, Joseph 304 Hillcrest Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Allen, Louis C, Jr 304 Hillcrest Ave., Burlington, N. C 

Allred, Faye Oak St., Burlington, N. C. 

Apple, Elizabeth Elon College, N. C. 

Barney, Mrs. Elva Grace Elon College, N. C. 

Barney, Elva Grace Elon College, N. C. 

Barnwell, Joseph W. Davis St., Burlington, N. C. 

Bauknecht, Harry Christie Midland Ave., Ridgewood, N. J. 

Boland, Kenneth 609 S. Broad St., Burlington, N. C. 

Boone, Helen 206 Everette St., Burlington, N. C. 

Cameron, Lawrence Olivia, N. C. 

Carmichael, Grace Gibsonville, N. C. 

Carr, Betty Jane 708 W. Davis St., Burlington, N. C. 

Dailey, Helen 306 Tarpley St., Burlington, N. C. 

Dawson, Mary Howland 1005 Webb Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Dollar, Melvin Malone, Ala. 

Elmcre, Nanie Myrtle Fancy Gap, Va. 

Faulconer, Katherine 608 Webb St., Burlington, N. C. 

Fesmire, Isaac 1106 Battleground Ave., Greensboro, N. C. 

Fonville, Deroy 413 N. Main St., Burlington, N. C. 

Foster, C. T 612 Cameron St., Burlington, N. C. 

Foster, Dolly Ree 403 Maple Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Freedman, Muriel 501 Church St., Burlington, N. C. 

Gant, Catherine 912 W. Davis St., Burlington, N. C. 

Garner, John Utah 85 17th St., Greensboro, N. C 

Golombek, Joseph Key Road, Portsmouth, Va. 

Hargrave, Irma Dell 1030 Anthony St., Burlington, N. C. 

Hook, Cephus Garvin Capon Bridge, W. Va. 

Hook, Doris Patricia Elon College, N. C. 

Hook, Jesse Irene Elon College, N. C. 

Hook, Mary Jeanne Elon College, N. C. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 107 

Hubbard, Louis 103 Third St., Farmville, Va. 

James, Katherine 437 E. Beverly St., Staunton, Va. 

Kernodle, Mrs. Esther Cole Burlington, N. C. 

Lee, Frances Jones Virgilina, Va. 

Lynch, Neydelle 302 Yadkin Ave., Spencer, N. C. 

McEwen, Iris Holt W. Davis St., Burlington, N. C. 

Melton, Leora Guthrie St., Burlington, N. C. 

Messick, Helen Elon College, N. C. 

Messick, Mrs. J. D Elon College, N. C. 

Miller, Jean R 1, Elon College, N. C. 

Morgan, Ogburn Lee Elon College, N. C. 

Murchison, Victor R 2, Liberty, N. C. 

Murray, Jane 615 Lexington Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Noel, Nathaneil Jonesboro, N. C 

Oakley, Mary Frances Box 324, Elon College, N. C. 

Oakley, Virginia Margaret Box 324, Elon College, N. C. 

Reeve, Florence 94 Sound Ave., Riverhead, N. Y. 

Riddle, Betty 105 Tucker St., Burlington, N. C. 

Scott, Elizabeth 709 Church St., Burlington, N. C. 

Smith, Anneta Brown Summitt, N. C. 

Stanfield, Mary Sue Burlington, N. C. 

Troxler, R. S., Jr R 4, Burlington, N. C. 

Vore, Duane 441 N. Miami St., West Milton, Ohio 

Walker, Helen 926 Webb St., Burlington, N. C. 

Walker, Landon 1218 Dilworth Road, Charlotte, N. C. 

White, James 25 Cullen St., East Taunton, Mass. 

Whitsell, Jacob R 4, Burlington, N. C. 

Wilkins, Locala 938 Edgewood St., Burlington, N. C. 

Womble, Lora Ellen Sanford, N. C. 

Young, Christine Florence R 1, Graham, N. C. 

SPECIAL LIBERAL ARTS. 

Allen, Mrs. Bess Land 304 Hillcrest St., Burlington, N. C. 

Cates, Mrs. Melba Warren 218 Union Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Lightbourne, Rebekah Spencer 401 Church St., Burlington, N. C. 

Paine, Sydney Lake Haw River, N. C. 

Porterfield, La Verne , Haw River, N. C. 

Power, Thomas W Elon College, N. C. 

Rudd, Tora 403 Church St., Burlington, N. C. 

Williams, Mrs. Foy C Prospect Hill, N. C. 

Williamson, Mrs. Lucille Miller Haw River, N. C 

Wrenn, Eugene Elbert Cedar Grove, N. C. 

SUMMER SESSION— 1937. 

Abernethy, Rufus H Ramseur, N. C. 

Albright, Iris Elon College, N. C 

Aldridge, Gladys C 618 Fountain Place, Burlington, N. C. 

Allen, Mrs. Louis C 304 Hillcrest Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Andrews, Ruby Jane Graham, N. C. 

Apple, Lalah Gertrude Gibsonville, N. C. 



108 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

Blosser, Ernest F Gibsonville, N. C. 

Boyd, Roy C 232 Burwell Ave., Henderson, N. C. 

Braxton, Vernon Snow Camp, N. C. 

Brooks, James C Roxboro, N. C. 

Brown, Lena M Southern Pines, N. C. 

Cameron, Lawrence Olivia, N. C. 

Campbell, Cleveland 202 N. Main St., Danville, Va. 

Cates, Melba Warren 218 Union St., Burlington, N. C. 

Chandler, Frances Virgilina, Va. 

Cheek, Mrs. Ethel Russell R 1, Graham, N. C. 

Coble, Helen Louise 508 S. Broad St., Burlington, N. C. 

Colclough, Mrs. Sue Elon College, N. C. 

Cooper, Mary Ashbaugh Burlington, N. C. 

Divers, Richard Stuart, Va. 

Dixon, Phil P Graham, N. C. 

Dodson, Maude Mebane, N. C. 

Earp, Margaret Paces, Va. 

Edwards, Mrs. Eva Warren 216 Union Ave., Box, 446 Burlington, N. C. 

Elder, Fannie Glen R 1, Burlington, N. C. 

Farmer, Charles P Creedmore, N. C. 

Farmer, Lucille C 516 East St., North Wilkesboro, N. C. 

Fleming, Archiable Grimesland, N. C. 

Fogleman, Mary Lou 400 Park Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Foster, Mrs. Betty N R 1, Burlington, N. C. 

Foster, Mrs. Mabel Tapscott W. Main St., Burlington, N. C. 

Foushee, Sam B Staley, N. C. 

Fuller, Mrs. Mamie F .Prospect Hill, N. C. 

Gant, Graham Burlington, N. C. 

Garrison, Charlie R 3, Burlington, N. C. 

Garrison, Mrs. W. M 407 Church St., Burlington, N. C. 

Garrison, Minnie Lola Mebane, N. C. 

Gilliam, Annie Gertrude 900 Church St., Burlington, N. C. 

Gilliam, Mary W Windsor, N. C. 

Glenn, Mrs. Katie Brown R 1, Graham, N. C. 

Graham, Mrs. Isabella 900 Washington St., Burlington, N. C. 

Gregg, Bessie Loriane 305 Logan St., Burlington, N. C 

Harden, Margaret Graham, N. C. 

Henderson, Holt Graham, N. C. 

Higdon, Mrs. Nellie Hood Elon College, N. C. 

Hines, Stedman H McLeansville, N. C. 

Holmes, Edythe Ernst 544 Park Ave., Caldwell, N. J. 

Holt, Mrs. Elsie Coble R 1, Graham, N. C. 

Hook, Kenneth B Reidsville, N. C. 

Hutcheson, Mrs. Amorae Robinson 902 Church St., Burlington, N. C. 

Jones, Marguerite P Bennett, N. C. 

Jones, Mrs. Rachel Fonville Burlington, N. C. 

Jones, Mrs. Victor E R 4, Bennett, N. C. 

Jones, William P Greensboro, N. C. 

Kazlow, Vincent A Cumbola, Penn. 

Keck, Mrs. Nanie G R 2, Burlington, N. C. 

Kerns, Virginia Star, N. C. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 109 

Latta, Baxter Hillsboro, N. C. 

Leath, June Frances 416 S. Spring St., Burlington, N. C. 

Long, Mrs. Hallie Trollinger Graham, N. C. 

Mabe, Coye E Prospect Hill, N. C. 

Maness, William H Yanceyville, N. C. 

Matthews, Richard H Candor, N. C. 

Moore, Georgie Elon College, N. C. 

Morgan, Henry S R 1, Prospect Hill, N. C. 

Morgan, Robbie Juanita Elon College, N. C. 

Murray, Beulah N Snow Camp, N. C. 

McCullon, Mrs. R. W Reidsville, N. C. 

McLean, Hugh Broadway, N. C. 

McLeod, Bernice H Mount Airy, N. C. 

Nelson, Alfred W 401 Hawkins St., Burlington, N. C. 

Perry, Mrs. Mary L Graham, N. C. 

Phillips, Irma Dell N. Main St., Burlington, N. C 

Phillips, J. C Bennett, N. C 

Rankin, Mrs. Lucy M R 2, Reidsville, N. C. 

Rea, Lathan R 4, Charlotte, N. C. 

Reeve, Florence 94 Sound Ave. Riverhead, N. Y. 

Reid, Mrs. Numa Wentworth, N. C 

Reitzel, Ora Ruth Burlington, N. C. 

Robinson, Iris Moresboro, N. C. 

Rumbley, Mary Matkine Elon College, N. C. 

Scott, Mrs. Mary L Randleman, N. C. 

Sears, Isiah Gibsonville, N. C. 

Sharpe, Mrs. Irene P R, Burlington, N. C. 

Smith, Mrs. Lettie F Gibsonville, N. C. 

Tate, Mrs. Alma C Graham, N. C. 

Thomas, Mrs. Mary 635 Fountain Place, Burlington, N. C. 

Vuncannon, Clarence Troy, N. C. 

Walker, Annie Hurdle Burlington, N. C. 

Walker, Bronna Gibsonville, N. C. 

Walker, Mary H R 1, Gibsonville, N. C. 

Walker, Ola Gibsonville, N. C. 

Ware, Mrs. Pinkie Craft Box 389, Toccoa, Ga. 

Waynick, Mrs. Mildred R 1, Reidsville, N. C. 

Williams, Mrs. Foy C Prospect Hill, N. C. 

Williams, Mrs. Hettie Box 725, Burlington, N. C. 

Wilson, Mrs. Myrtle Box 185, Graham, N. C. 

Wingfield, George Box 667, Reidsville, N. C. 

Woodson, Julia 106 Brooks St., Burlington, N. C. 

Woosley, Katherine Eloise Mebane, N. C. 

Zimmerman, H. Stokes 615 Danville Drive, Winston-Salem, N. C. 



110 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 



SUMMARY. 

Seniors 70 

Juniors 77 

Sophomores 84 

Freshmen 170 

Art 46 

Commercial 42 

Extension 60 

Music 61 

Special Liberal Arts 10 

620 

Less those counted twice 51 

Total for regular session 569 

Summer session of 1937 101 

Grand total 670 



1938-1939 SCT 



Monday- Wednesda. 

8:00 Biology 11-12. 

to Bus. Adm. 11-12: E. 
9:00 English 21-22 (B) E,. 
German 11-12. 
Home Economics 11-12: 
Music 21-22. 
Physical Education 31, 32, 33, 

Business 7 : English. 

9:00 Biology 41-42. 

to Bus. Adm. 23-24: Adv. Acct. 
10:00 English 37-38: Dramatics. 

Education 21-22 : Elem. Methods. 

English 11-12 (B). 

French 11-12. 

History 13-14: Mod. European. 

Math. 31-32. 

Physics 31-32: Electricity. 

Business 21-22 (H). 

Education 23 : Ele. Sta. 



Bus. ^ 

Bus. Adm. 3i . 

English 11-12 (B). 

English 33-34: Shakespeare (C,/. 

Math. 11-12: Algebra-Trig. 

English 21-22: Eng. Lit. (C). 

Religion 11-12: Survey. 

Science Survey 11-12. 

Chemistry 21-22 : Inorg.-Quality. 

Business 13-14 : Shorthand. 

Education 43 : Hist, of Edu. 



10:00 to 10:30 Chapel-Organization Meetings 



10:30 Bus. Adm. 43 (S). 

to Chemistry 11-12: General. 

11:30 Education 47 : Principles. 

Geology : Spring. 

German 21-22. 

Math. 11-12: Alg.-Trig. 

Religion 21-22: New Test. 

Sociology 31-32. 

Psychology 21-31: Gen. Edu. 

Business 13-14: Shorthand. 

Music 23-24: Hist, of Music. 

English 45 : Methods. 



Music 11-12: Gen. Theory. 
Bus. Adm. 25 : Salesmanship. 
Chemistry 11-12: General 
English 11-12 (C). 
English 41-42 : A. Lit. 
History 21-22: Eng. Hist. 
Greek 11-12. 
Math. 11-12: Alg.-Trig. 
Physics 21-22. 
Religion 11-12: Survey. 
Religion 33-34: Phi. of Rel. 
Home Ec. 47-48 : Survey. 
Business 7 : English. 



11:30 Biology 11-12. 

to Business 13-14: Shorthand. 
12:30 English 11-12 (B). 

French 41-42. 

History 11-12: U. S. 

Math. 11-12: (Lab.). 

Physics 13-14 : General. 

Psychology 21-31: Gen. Edu. 

Bus. 15-16: Typing. 

Phil. 41-42: Logic and Ethics. 



English 35-36: Argumentation. 

Business 13-14: Shorthand. 

Business Adm. 33-34 : Law. 

French 21-22. 

Greek 21-22. 

History 11-12: U. S. 

Home Ec. 13-14: Clothing-Tex. 

Journalism 61-62. 

Math. 11-12 (Lab.). 

Music 13-14. 

Business 15-16: Typing. 

Philosophy 31-32. 



1 :30 Business 5 : Penmanship. 
Business 15-16: Typing. 
Chemistry 41-42. 
Home Ec. 33 : Nutrition. 
History 45 : Methods. 
Business 15-16: Lab. 
Music 45-46: Methods. 
Math. 45 : Methods. 



Laboratories. 



Business 5 : Penmanship. 

Business 15-16: Typing. 

Chemistry 45-46: Methods. 

Math. 41-42: Calculus. 

Religion 43-44 : Seminar. 

Home Ec. 43-44: Adv. Clothing. 

Physics 45. 

Business 15-16 : Lab. 

Music 33-34 : Church, conducting. 

French 45. 

Laboratories. 



Jo. 1 



E 




y 



5MINIS 



nder 




THROUGH THE SOUTHERN GATES—THE ADMINISTRATION BUILDING. 







TRATION BUILDING. 



Vol. XXXV 



February, 1939 



No. 1 



THE BULLETIN 

OF 

ELON COLLEGE 

FIFTIETH 

ANNUAL ANNOUNCEMENT 
FOR 

19394940 

AND 

CATALOGUE OF 1938-1939 



v 




ELON COLLEGE 

Elon College, N. C. 

Bulletin Issued Quarterly 



Entered as second-class mail at the postoffice of Elon College, N. C, under 
the act of July 16, 1894. 



Member of 
THE ASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN COLLEGES 

and of the 

NORTH CAROLINA COLLEGE CONFERENCE 



Contents 



Page 

College Calendar 5 

Board of Trustees 6 

The Faculty 7 

Officers of Administration 10 

Faculty Committees 10 

Educational Philosophy 11 

Administration 12 

The Physical Environment • 14 

Buildings and Equipment 15 

Historical Sketch 18 

Annual Events 22 

Student Organizations 23 

Expenses 28 

Boarding 29 

Academic Regulations 33 

Scholarships 43 

Loan Funds 45 

Endowment and Sources of Income 46 

Outline of Courses of Study 51 

Departments of Instruction of the College : 

Biology 53 

Business Administration 59 

Chemistry 63 

Education 66 

English 72 

Geography and Geology 75 

Greek 75 

History 76 

Mathematics 77 

Modern Languages 79 

Philosophy and Religion 80 

Physics 82 

Psychology 84 

Sociology 85 

Special Departments of the College : 

Art 86 

Home Economics 87 

Music 89 

Physical Education 93 

Roster of Students in the College 95 

Schedule of Recitations Ill 



1939 





JANUARY 








MAY 








SEPTEMBER 




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College Calendar 

SESSION OF 1939-40 



September 4-7 — Freshman Period. Fall Semester begins. 

September 6 — Registration Day for Upperclassmen. 

September 9 — Annual Faculty Reception. 

September 10 — Opening Address of the President. 

October 14 — Sophomore-Freshman Reception. 

November 4 — Mid-Semester Grade Reports due. 

November 15 — Subjects for Senior Essays due. 

November 23 — November 23— Thanksgiving Day. 

Djcember 2 — Senior-Junior Dinner. 

December 3 — Elon Singers present Christmas Program. 

December 16, 12 : 00 M- January 2 — Christmas Holidays. 

January 2 — Classes resume, 8:00 A. M. 

January 17-20 — Registration Afternoons for Second Semester. 

January 22— Classes for Spring Semester begin. 

February 2 — Freshman- Sophomore Reception. 

February 10 — Mid- Year Alumni Meeting. 

February 13 — Meeting of the Board of Trustees. 

March 1 — First Draft of Senior Essay due. 

March 15 — Senior Dinner, given by President and Mrs. L. E. Smith. 

March 18 — Mid-Semester Grade Reports due. 

March 18-26 — Spring Holidays. 

March 24 — Easter Sunday. 

March 27 — Classes resume, 8:00 A. M. 

April 15-May 1 — Senior Essay and Comprehensive Examinations. 

April 28 — May Day Exercises. 

May 12 — Junior-Senior Dinner. 

May 22-28 — Second Semester Examinations. 

May 26-29 — Commencement Exercises. 

May 29 — Meeting of the Board of Trustees, 9 : 30 A. M. 

June 4 — Summer School opens. 



Board of Trustees 



Leon Edgar Smith, D. D., President, ex officio Elon College, N. C. 

Dr. W. H. Boone, Chairman Durham, N. C. 

Alton West, Business Manager Elon College, N. C. 

Stanley C. Harrell, Secretary Durham, N. C. 

TERM EXPIRES MAY, 1940. 

Col. E. E. Holland Suffolk Va. 

W. H. Boone, M. D Durham, N. C. 

J. A. Kimball Manson, N. C. 

W. Horace Day, D. D Bridgeport, Conn. 

Russell J. Clinchy Washington, D. C. 

Richard H. Clapp New Haven, Conn. 

C. W. McPherson Burlington, N. C 

W. B. Truitt Greensboro, N. C. 

TERM EXPIRES MAY, 1942. 

H. Shelton Smith, D. D Durham, N. C. 

Harry K. Eversull, D. D Cincinnati, Ohio 

J. O. Atkinson, D. D Elon College, N. C. 

Mrs. Russell T. Bradford R. 2, Suffolk, Va. 

Hon. Kemp B. Johnson Fuquay Springs, N. C. 

Miss Susie Holland Suffolk, Va. 

D. R. Fonville, Esq Burlington, N. C 

J. H. McEwen Burlington, N. C. 

E. C. Gillette, D. D Jacksonville, Fla. 

John L. Farmer Wilson, N. C. 

V. R. Holt Burlington, N. C. 

Miles Krumbine Shaker Heights, Cleveland, Ohio 

TERM EXPIRES MAY, 1944. 

Col. J. E. West Suffolk, Va. 

Prof. L. L. Vaughan Raleigh, N. C 

S. C. Harrell, D. D Durham, N. C 

Chas. D. Johnston Elon College, N. C. 

E L. Moffitt, LL. D Greensboro, N. C. 

Luther E. Carlton Paces, Va. 

F. L. Fagley, D. D New York City 

W. J. Ballentine Fuquay Springs, N. C. 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. 

L. E. Smith, C. W. McPherson, W. H. Boone, S. C. Harrell, L. L. 
Vaughan, and J. L. Farmer. 



The Faculty 



LEON EDGAR SMITH 

President 

A. B., Elon College; M. A., Princeton University; D. D., Elon College 

JOHN DECATUR MESSICK 

Dean, Head of the Department of Education 

Ph. B., Elon College; University of North Carolina; Ph. D., New York 

University 

JULIA MAE OXFORD 

Dean of Women, Assistant Professor of Education 

A. B., Bessie Tift College; M. A., University of Georgia; 

Graduate work, Duke University 

ALONZO LOHR HOOK 

Registrar, Professor of Physics 

A. B., M. A., Elon College; M. S., Cornell University, Additional 

Graduate work, Johns Hopkins University, University of 

Chicago, Duke University 

JOHN WILLIS BARNEY 

Associate Professor of English 

A. B., Elon College ; Graduate work, Columbia University, University 

of Virginia, University of North Carolina 

GEORGE BEECHER 

Assistant Professor of Education and Science 

A. B., Yale University; Graduate work, Yale University, 

University of Louisville 

D. J. BOWDEN 

Associate Professor of Religion and Philosophy 
B. S., Virginia Polytechnic Institute; B. D., Ph. D., Yale University 

NED FAUCETTE BRANNOCK 

Professor of Chemistry 

A. B., M. A., Elon College; M. S., Columbia University; Litt. D., 

Defiance College ; Additional graduate work, Johns Hopkins 

University, University of North Carolina 

GEORGE L. CARRINGTON 

Chief Surgeon, Alamance General Hospital 

Instructor in Health and Hygiene 

A. B., University of North Carolina; M. A., Duke University; M. D., 

Johns Hopkins University 

JOHN A. CLARKE 

Professor of Modern Languages 

A. B., Hampden-Sydney College; M. A., University of Virginia; 

Ph. D., Columbia University 



ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 



FLETCHER COLLINS, Jr. 

Professor of English 
Ph. B., Ph. D., Yale University 

LESTER COOLIDGE DICKINSON 

Assistant Professor of History 

A. B., M. A., George Washington University. Residence requirements 

completed for Ph. D. at Columbia University 

THOMAS LEE EDWARDS 

Instructor of Voice 
Mus. B., Oberlin University 

MERTON FRENCH 

Associate Professor of Religion and Modern Languages 
A. B., Washburn College; M. A., Ph. D., Brown University 

HOWARD S. GRAVETT 

Assistant Professor of Biology 

A. B., James Millikin University; M. A., Ph. D., 

University of Illinois 

HORACE HENDRICKSON 

Head Coach and Director of Physical Education 
A. B., Duke University 

LIDA MUSE 
Instructor of Home Economics 
B. S., University of Tennessee; M. A., Columbia University 

MRS. SUE CRAFT HOWELL 

Instructor of Commercial Department 
A. B., La Grange College; M. S., North Carolina State College 

WAITUS W. HOWELL 

Associate Professor of Business Administration 
A. B., Elon College; M. A., University of North Carolina 

MRS. OMA U. JOHNSON 

Librarian 

Ph. B„ A. B., Elon College; B. S., Columbia University 

MRS. HORACE HENDRICKSON 

Director of Physical Education for Girls 

B. S., University of Pittsburg 

FLETCHER MOORE 

Instructor of Piano and Organ 

A. B., Elon College; M. A., Columbia University; Julliard School 

of Music; Piano Student of Sascha Gorodnitzki and Guy Maier 

ROBERT MORGAN 

Instructor of Piano and Organ 
Mus. B., Syracuse University 






THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 9 

JOHN -URQU ART NEWMAN 

. Professor of Biblical Language and Literature 
A. B., University of North Carolina; Ph. D., Chicago University; 
Litt. D., LaGrande; D. D., Union College 

LILA CLARE NEWMAN 

Instructor of Art 

Ph. B., Elon College; Graduate work Columbia University and Harvard 

University 

THOMAS POWER 

Assistant Coach and Director of Intramural Sports 
A. B., Duke University 

STUART G. PRATT 

Associate Professor of Music 

A. B., Hartwick College; Mus. B., Philadelphia Musical Academy; 

Mus. M., Syracuse University. Two years' study in Berlin, 

Germany, under Marta Siebold (piano), Hugo Kaun 

(theory and composition), and Walter Scharwenka 

(organ) ; Colleague of the American Guild 

of Organists 

JAMES H. STEWART 

Instructor of Business Administration 
A. B., Transylvania College; M. A., University of Kentucky 

WILLIAM B. TERRELL 

Principal, Teacher Training School 
A. B., Elon College; Graduate work, University of North Carolina 

WALTON CRUMP WICKER 

Associate Professor of Mathematics 
A. B., M. A., Elon College; A. B., University of North Carolina; M. A. and 
Professional Diploma in Education, Columbia University; Litt. D., 
LaGrand; D. D., Union College; Additional graduate work, 
Johns Hopkins University, Columbia University, Uni- 
versity of North Carolina, University of 
Virginia, and Duke University 

JAMES OSCAR ATKINSON 

Lecturer on Christian Missions 

A. B , Wake Forrest; M. A., Harvard University; D. D., Elon College 

CHARLES HAMRICK 

Student Director of College Band 



10 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 



OFFICERS OF ADMINISTRATION 

LEON EDGAR SMITH, A. B., M. A., D. D., President. 
J. D. MESSICK, Ph. B., Ph. D., Dean. 
JULIA MAE OXFORD, A. B., M. A., Dean of Women. 
ALONZO LOHR HOOK, A. B., M. A., M. S., Registrar. 
ALTON WEST, A. B., Accountant and Business Manager. 
GEORGE D. COLCLOUGH, A. B., Director of Public Relations and Alumni 
Secretary. 



FACULTY COMMITTEES 

Administrative — Dean Messick, Dean Oxford, Mr. West, Dr. Bowden, Prof 

Hook. 
Alumni Cooperation — Mr. Howell, Dr. Clark, Mr. Colclough. 
Athletic — Pro. Barney, Prof. Hook, Dean Messick, Mr. West, Coach Hendrick- 

son. 
Chapel — Dr. French, Mr. Pratt, Miss Muse, Prof. Edwards. 
Debates — Dr. Rrench, Prof. Dickinson, Dr. Collins, Mrs. Johnson, Dr. Brannock. 
Dramatics — Dr Collins, Miss Muse, Prof. Gravett, Mr. Morgan, Mrs. Hendrick- 

son. 
Admission and Credits — Prof. Hook, Dean Messick, Dean Oxford. 
Library — Mrs. Johnson, Dr. French, Dr. Gravett, Mrs. Howell. 
Music Organizations — Prof. Pratt, Prof. Edwards, Prof. Morgan. 
Practice School — Dean Messick, Mr. Beecher, Dean Oxford, Mrs. Hendrickson. 
Religious Organizations — Dr. Bowden, Dr. French, Dr. Newman, Mrs. Howell, 

Miss Muse. 
Social Clubs — Dean Oxford, Prof. Hook, Prof. Stewart, Prof. Dickinson. 
Student Loans and Scholarships — Mr. West, Mr. Colclough, Dr. Bowden, Mr. 

Howell, Mrs. Johnson. 
Student Publications — Dr. Collins, Mr. Colclough, Prof. Hook, Mr. Beecher. 
Public Entertainment — Prof. Pratt, Dean Oxford, Prof. Hook, Dr. Collins, Miss 

Muse. 
Honors — Prof Hook, Dr. Collins, Prof Dickinson. 
Curriculum — Dean Messick, Prof. Hook, Dr. Collins, Dr. French, Dr. Bowden, 

Mr. Beecher. 



Catalogue of Elon College 

EDUCATIONAL PHILOSOPHY 

The purpose of this Catalogue is to set forth concisely the 
principles involved in progressive education, as contained in 
the curriculum of Elon College. Parents and students will 
find these principles both interesting and stimulating, and are 
invited to examine the same carefully. 

The Church College. — Elon College is a church institu- 
tion, supported by the Congregational-Christian Church for 
the specific purpose of training young men and young women 
under moral and religious influences. It is not the purpose of 
the College to change or uproot honest faith in any heart, but 
to afford to every individual opportunities for moral develop- 
ment and spiritual advancement. The Church under whose 
auspices Elon College was founded and has been maintained 
has always believed in Christianity as the way of life, not as 
a system of theology or a body of doctrine. The College feels 
that Christianity is the basis for the student's way of life at 
Elon and in the years to come. The College seeks through 
education and example to preserve and develop religious values 
as a means of developing Christian character and safeguarding 
civilization. 

The Progressive College. — As a progressive college, Elon 
believes that education is a process of learning through exper- 
iences, and that these experiences should be not only intellec- 
tual, but also emotional, religious and social. Directed oppor- 
tunities are therefore given for students to gain a human 
understanding of books, themselves and other people, and 
their God. 

The Small College. — Elon College feels strongly that there 
are distinct advantages to the student in the small college en- 
vironment. There is a solidarity of interests among faculty 



12 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

and students, a group unity, which would not be as possible 
with larger numbers. Everyone knows everyone else, and a 
friendly, democratic spirit is made possible. Individualized 
instruction, personal interest and understanding on the part 
of teachers and students, and a genuine spirit of Christian 
cooperation characterize life at Elon College. 

College life at Elon is wholesome and invigorating. The 
students are not extravagant in their living, and the cost of 
education is reasonable. There are opportunities for self-help, 
affording students with limited means jobs that will pay part 
of their expenses. However, these grants are limited in 
number. 

ADMINISTRATION 

To carry out the educational philosophy of the College, 
there is an administrative organization. 

Board of Trustees. — The Board of Trustees is the final 
authority in the disposition of all matters of government and 
administration. 

President — The President is the resident agent of the 
Board and is responsible for administrative policies and plans 
for the advancement of the College. He is assisted by the 
Faculty of which body he is chairman, and, in monthly meet- 
ings with the Faculty, discusses and acts upon the manifold 
problems of administration. 

The Faculty. — The Faculty is a democratic body, and in 
meetings acts upon legislative measures pertaining to the cur- 
riculum. It also passes upon the reports and recommendations 
of Faculty committees, through which groups much of the 
detail of educational research and planning is done. These 
committees also act administratively for the Faculty in the 
interim between its sessions, but have no legislative authority. 

Dean. — The Dean of the College is responsible for the 
administration of the curriculum, regulates attendance for 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 13 

men students at classes, chapel and other religious services, and 
is in charge of the character-building and guidance programs 
for the men of the College. He is the adviser of the Student 
Senate. He also represents the President when the latter is 
out of town. 

Dean of Women. — The Dean of Women regulates, for the 
women, attendance at classes, chapel and other religious ser- 
vices, and gives permissions to leave the campus. She resides 
on the campus and is in charge of the character-building pro- 
gram for the women of the College. She is adviser of the 
women's Council. 

The two Deans, in cooperation with the President, have 
jurisdiction over the social functions of the College, and the 
officers of Student Government confer with these officials for 
advice regarding these functions. 

Business Manager. — The Business Manager carries out the 
business and financial policies of the College as directed by 
the Board of Trustees. All business contracts must have his 
endorsement before they are binding on the College. He is 
the purchasing agent for all branches of the College, and is 
custodian of all its assets and properties. He is also general 
manager of all student self-help work done on the campus, 
and of all college service departments. 

Student Government. — This important branch of college 
government was granted its first constitution by the Faculty 
in 1919, and has since that time successfully operated through 
the men's Senate and later also through the women's Council. 
These constitutions, together with the by-laws of the two or- 
ganizations, are printed in the Elon Handbook. 

Registrar. — The Registrar of the College receives all ap- 
plications for entrance, and keeps the academic records of all 
students. He has charge of admissions, transcripts of records, 
grades, and other statistical data. 



14 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

THE PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT 

The Location. — Elon College is located sixty-four miles 
west of Raleigh, seventeen miles east of Greensboro, and four 
miles west of Burlington, on the North Carolina division of 
the Southern Railway. The railroad is the southern boundary 
of the campus, and it commands a view of the college build- 
ings. State Highway No. 100 is the northern boundary. 

Eight mail and passenger trains pass the College daily. 
The short line of the Carolina Coach Company passes the 
College and affords bus accomodations to the students to all 
parts of the country. 

The Campus. — The College Campus presents a most 
beautiful and attractive appearance. It is spacious and, for 
the most part, is covered by stalwart native oak and hickory. 
Shrubbery has been placed on the campus where such ad- 
ditions would add to the beauty and attractiveness of the 
grounds. The concrete walks and driveways add to its native 
beauty and charm. Its very atmosphere is a contribution to 
the development of manhood and womanhood. The massive 
brick wall surrounding the campus lends dignity as well as 
protection and quietude. 

The Climate. — Climatic conditions are unusually favorable 
to the mental and physical development of the Elon student. 
At all seasons of the year the temperature is moderate, with 
an annual average of about 60 degrees. The winter season is 
usually short and the fall and spring seasons long and pleas- 
ant. The health of the student is thus naturally safeguarded, 
and there is abundant opportunity for the beneficial effects of 
much time spent out of doors in an atmosphere neither ener- 
vating nor forbidding. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 15 

BUILDINGS AND EQUIPMENT 

Elon College has been accurately described by an official 
of the Association of American Colleges as "the best equipped 
small college in the country." Ten buildings, thoroughly 
equipped for living and study, are on the campus; five of them 
have only recently been completed and are modern in every 
detail. 

The Greater Elon Group 

These five, three-story, fire-proof structures are constructed 
of brick and reinforced concrete, and all are identical in their 
architectural design. 

Alamance Building. — This is the administration building, 
and houses classrooms; administrative offices; the laboratories 
of the Business, Home Economics, Mechanical Drawing, and 
Art Departments; and the College Bookstore. The citizens 
of Alamance County undertook to raise an amount necessary 
to erect and equip this building. 

Carlton Library. — This building, the gift of Trustees P. J., 
H. A., and L. E. Carlton, and their sister, Mrs. T. S. Parrott, 
has a stack-room capacity for 187,500 volumes. The reading 
room has seating capacity for one hundred readers. Besides 
offices and work room for the library force, the building con- 
tains fourteen professors' research and office rooms and seven 
students' seminar rooms. 

Whitley Memorial Auditorium. — In memory of his father- 
in-law, Mr. L. H. Whitley, Mr. J. M. Darden lent $50,000 to 
assist in the erection of this building. This building houses 
the large college auditorium, designed to seat 1,000 persons, 
and is used for chapel and church services, community gath- 
erings, lyceum performances, motion pictures and concerts. 
The Music Department is completely contained in the build- 
ing, with five studios, twenty-two practice rooms with upright 



16 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

pianos, a four-manual Skinner organ, an Estey practice organ, 
and several grand pianos. The auditorium is equipped with 
a professional motion picture projection apparatus, and on the 
stage is a projection screen and adequate lighting. The equip- 
ment of the building is outstanding. 

Mooney Christian Education Building. — In memory of 
Rev. Isaac Mooney, his father-in-law, Mr. M. Orban, Jr., gave 
this building to the college. The building is devoted to the 
religious and social activities of the college. At opposite ends 
of the building on the first floor are the Y. M. C. A. and Y. 
W. C. A. recreation rooms. The second floor provides as- 
sembly hall, classrooms, and offices for the Department of 
Philosophy and Religion. The assembly hall has a seating 
capacity of 400 and is adequately equipped for student dra- 
matic performances. On the third floor is a unique feature, a 
completely graded Sunday School plant used by the entire 
community. In the basement is a woodworking shop, which 
is equipped with power tools. 

Duke Science Building. — In memory of their mother, Mrs. 
Artelia Roney Duke, a native of Alamance County, Messrs. 
J. B. and B. N. Duke donated $60,000 toward the erection of 
this modern, fire-proof building. The first floor of the build- 
ing is used by the Department of Physics and the Elon Press, 
the second by the Departments of Biology and Geology, and 
the third by the Department of Chemistry. Each floor is 
fully equipped with modern scientific furniture and labora- 
tory apparatus. 

Dormitories 

East Dormitory. — This is the only original building left 
on the campus. It is used as a dormitory for men, and is a 
three-story brick structure, completely overhauled and fitted 
up with all modern conveniences. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 17 

Alumni Building. — This building, erected in 1912, is the 
gift of the alumni to Alma Mater. It is a three-story, brick 
structure, and is used as a dormitory for men, with a men's 
gymnasium on the first floor. 

West Dormitory. — This is a three-story brick building next 
to the Library, and measures 158 by 46 feet. On the second 
and third floors are modern accommodations for 120 women 
students. The first floor contains a large reception hall, guest 
rooms and parlors, the infirmary, and living quarters for Fac- 
ulty women. The building has an annex which houses the 
two dining halls, the kitchen, and the women's gymnasium. 

Ladies' Hall. — This is a two-story brick edifice, with ac- 
commodations for 64 women. The interior has recently been 
renovated and modernized. 

Men's Hall. — Traditionally known as Publishing House, 
this building has been renovated, and is used as a dormitory 
for 50 men. 

Other Buildings 

West End Hall. — This is a fourteen-room dwelling, and 
is used as an apartment house for faculty members. 

Power Plant. — The power plant is the central station for 
heat, light, water and other service functions for the college 
buildings. Adjacent to the plant is a 50,000-gallon steel water 
tank with a deep well of pure water. 

Special Equipment 

Athletic Field. — The Athletic field contains thirty-four 
acres located near the campus, and has adequate space for all 
sports. 

Visual Education Aids. — The projection booth of the Aud- 
itorium is equipped with two 35-millimeter sound-on-film 
projectors. These projectors have low intensity arc lamps and 



18 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

RCA sound-heads. This equipment is used weekly for edu- 
cational and entertainment purposes. Projection facilities are 
provided for film strips, glass slides, opaque objects, and 16- 
millimeter films. 

Elon Press. — Housed in the Science Building is the Elon 
Press, composed of an electrically-driven printing press, seven 
complete fonts of Century and Cloister types, a composing 
table, and adequate apparatus for the printing of student pub- 
lications. 

Dramatic Stage. — The student stage in the Mooney Chris- 
tian Education Building has a proscenium opening of twenty- 
two feet and a depth of fifteen feet. Equipment includes a 
cyclorama, four mobile spot-lights, and other lighting appara- 
tus of modern design. Dressing rooms and a costume ward- 
robe are off the wings of the stage. 

HISTORICAL SKETCH 

The history of Elon College is a constituent part of the 
history of the Christian Church in the Southeast. In 1794 the 
Reverend James O'Kelly and a group of dissenters from Wes- 
leyan Methodism, then spreading through the nation, met at 
Lebanon Church in Surry County, Virginia. This group 
agreed to found what was the first democratically governed 
church to arise on American soil. They named the church 
"Christian, to the exclusion of all party and sectarian names." 
They were interested in Christianity, not as a system of the- 
ology or a body of doctrines, but as a way of life. It was on 
this basis that the Christian and Congregational Churches 
merged in 1929. 

It was on this basis, also, that Elon College in 1889 was 
founded and has been developed. Many church colleges were 
established in the Nineteenth Century; nearly every denom- 
ination had and still has a church college for the training of 
its own leadership and as its contribution to civilization. From 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 19 

the early beginning in North Carolina and Virginia there had 
been a demand on the part of the Christian Church that there 
be established a college for the denomination. The demand 
grew with the church, and in September, 1888, the Southern 
Convention met in extraordinary session in Old Providence 
Church, Graham, North Carolina, to hear the reports and 
recommendations of the Committee on Schools and Colleges. 
The Convention appointed a provisional Board for the 
proposed college, authorizing the Board to choose a site for 
the college and to make the necessary legal and financial trans- 
actions. The Board was composed of Dr. W. S. Long, Dr. J. 
Pressley Barrett, Hon. F. O. Moring, Col. }. H. Harden, and 
Dr. G. S. Watson. Dr. W. S. Long, a pioneer in higher edu- 
cation, opened a school in Graham in 1865, which developed 
into Graham Normal College, a forerunner of Elon College. 
Led by Dr. Long, the Board finally chose a site at a village 
then known as Mill Point, six miles from Graham. A tract 
of twenty-five acres of land at Mill Point was given by the 
Hon. W. H. Trollinger of Haw River. The citizens of Mill 
Point donated twenty-three acres additional, and four thou- 
sand dollars in cash. In consideration of these donations the 
college was located at Mill Point. 

The Provisional Board preferred other names, but owing 
to the predominance of stalwart oaks on the site, selected the 
name "Elon," the Hebrew word meaning oak. 

On March 11, 1889, Elon College was chartered and in- 
corporated by the General Assembly of the State of North 
Carolina. (Private Laws of North Carolina for 1889, chapter 
216, sections 1-12.) 

In keeping with the charter provisions, the original Board 
of Trustees numbered fifteen: W. S. Long, J. W. Wellons, W. 
W. Staley, G. S. Watson, M. L. Hurley, E. T. Pierce, W. J. 
Lee, P. J. Kernodle, J. F. West, E. E. Holland, E. A. Moffitt, 
J. M. Smith, J. H. Harden, F. O. Moring, and S. P. Read. 



20 



ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 



According to this charter, the "said institution" of Elon 
College was to "remain at the place where the site is now locat- 
ed, in Alamance County, Boone Station Township, at the place 
now called Mill Point." The purpose of the college was to 
"afford instruction in the liberal arts and sciences." 

Dr. Long was elected president of the college, and six ad- 
ditional members of the faculty were elected, including Dr. J. 
U. Newman, who is still a member of he faculty. Two build- 
ings were erected on the site at Mill Point: the Administrative 
Building, a large three-story, brick building that housed the 
library, laboratories, the administrative offices, society halls, and 
classrooms for all departments; the other a dormitory for girls. 
The latter still stands on the campus. 

After four years, Dr. Long was succeeded as president in 
1893 by Dr. W. W. Staley, then pastor of the Suffolk (Virginia) 
Christian Church, who served as non-resident president without 
salary. 

Upon Dr. Staley 's resignation in 1905, Dr. E. L. Moffitt was 
elected to succeed him. Dr. Moffitt served six years, during 
which time two additional buildings were erected on the cam- 
pus. A larger dormitory for girls, West Dormitory, was built, 
and East Dormitory was given over to boys. In addition, the 
power house was erected, providing electric light and steam 
heat for the college buildings. 

In 1911, Dr. E. L. Moffitt resigned as president, and Dr. 
W. A. Harper, then a member of the faculty, was elected and 
began the longest term of office in the history of the college. 
In 1912, a larger boys' dormitory and gymnasium combined 
was built and financed through the generosity of Elon Alumni. 
It is properly known as Alumni Building. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 21 

In 1913, Ladies' Hall was erected to take care of an in- 
creased enrollment of girls. 

During the period of America's participation in the World 
War, regular enrollment at Elon declined. However, a con- 
tingent of the R. O. T. C. was stationed at Elon which tempora- 
rily greatly increased the student population. 

In January, 1923, the Administration Building was de- 
stroyed by fire, and students and faculty carried on as best they 
could with improvised classrooms and equipment. Out of the 
ashes of the old building rose a great rebuilding program, to 
be undertaken in terms of the growth and development of the 
college. Facilities had for several years been inadequate, and 
the destruction of the central building made this program of 
reconstruction imperative. 

With the onset of the depression of 1929-33, the heavy 
mortgages and a decreased enrollment combined to bring hard 
times upon Elon. Following Dr. Harper's resignation in June, 
1931, the College was without a president until October of 
that year, and there was grave doubt as to whether Elon would 
be able to open its doors to students in the fall of 1931. At 
this desperate moment the Board of Trustees elected as presi- 
dent Dr. L. E. Smith, then pastor of the Christian Temple of 
Norfolk, Virginia. 

Dr. Smith succeeded in bringing Elon through the stormy 
years of the depression, and not only recouped the losses in 
personnel and students, but by 1936 had greatly reduced the 
indebtedness of the institution and increased the student en- 
rollment to more than 500. Financial problems still confront 
the College ; however, the future is decidedly hopeful. Modest- 
ly, but with determination, the college is working towards a 
modern curriculum for education at the college level, a curri- 
culum which will best serve youth in our complex world. 



22 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

ANNUAL EVENTS 
Certain annual events at the College have become Elon 
traditions, and are anticipated with great pleasure by the stu- 
dents and faculty. Some of these events are broadcast directly 
from the College through Station WBIG of the Columbia 
Broadcasting System. 

Faculty Reception. — The Faculty gives a formal reception 
to the students on Saturday evening after the College opens in 
September. 

Lyceum Entertainments. — The Faculty committee on Pub- 
lic Entertainments each year schedules a series of concerts, re- 
citals, plays or lectures by distinguished artists of national 
reputation. These performances are scheduled throughout the 
year and are open to all Elon students upon payment of their 
Activity Fee. These programs are also available to the general 
public upon subscription to the series. 

Players' Evenings. — At least three times during the year, 
public performances of full-length plays are given by the Elon 
Players. 

College Recitals. — Members of the Faculty of the Music 
Department and advanced students in Music each year give a 
series of recitals in Whitley Memorial Auditorium. 

"The Messiah." — Shortly before the beginning of the 
Christmas holidays, the Elon Singers present Handel's classic 
oratorio, "The Messiah." It is presented in Whitley Memorial 
Auditorium by candlelight. 

Banquets. — The President and his wife are accustomed to 
giving an annual banquet to the Senior class. 

Garden Party. — The President and his wife give a Garden 
Party to the Senior class, Faculty members, alumni and visitors 
on the afternoon of Monday of Commencement week. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 23 

Art Exhibit. — The Art Department gives an annual exhibit 
of student work. The exhibit takes place in the Art Studio 
during the commencement season. 

Commencement — This final event of the year begins on 
Saturday before the fourth Sunday in May. Commencement 
exercises include the Baccalaureate Sermon, the awarding of 
academic and honorary degrees and distinctions, and a com- 
mencement address by some noted person. Immediately after 
the close of commencement exercises, the Board of Trustees 
meets in final session. 

STUDENT ORGANIZATIONS 

The Community Church. — The Community Church is 
made up of students, faculty members and residents of the 
town. Church services are held each Sunday in the Whitley 
Memorial Auditorium. The pastor of the church is Dr. L. E. 
Smith, President of the college. Ministers from other churches 
and denominations are frequently invited to occupy the college 
pulpit. 

The Church School. — The Community Church, together 
with the college, maintains a church school. 

Student Christian Association. — The Student Christian As- 
sociation is responsible for student religious activities on the 
campus. Among these activities are included the Sunday even- 
ing Vesper Services in which students and outside speakers par- 
ticipate, Student Sunday School in which International Sunday 
school lesson, current social problems, and other subjects are 
considered, morning prayer service, social service in the com- 
munity, occasional socials on the campus. The association 
functions primarily through committees, but includes within 
its membership more than half of the student body, students 
pledging themselves to foster Christian principles in the cam- 
pus life. 



24 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

Ministerial Association. — The Ministerial Association com- 
prises the members of the student body who intend to enter the 
Christian Ministry, directors of Religious Education, social ser- 
vice, or medical missionaries. Meetings of this group are held 
weekly, in which discussion and practice-preaching are utilized 
to help prepare the prospective minister for his profession. 

The Elon Singers. — This is a mixed chorus of students, or- 
ganized for two purposes: as the College Choir it regularly 
furnishes the music for the weekday chapel services and Sunday 
morning services of the Community Church; as the Elon Sing- 
ers it presents concerts of sacred and secular music at the 
College and in various communities in North Carolina 
and adjoining states. Its membership is open to the entire 
student body. 

Elon Band. — This colorful organization, equipped with 
band instruments and uniforms in the college colors, supplies 
music for intercollegiate athletic contests and for various 
other functions at the college. Training is given to all students 
who own or can play band instruments. 

Elon Orchestra. — This is an orchestra which provides en- 
tertainment for college activities. 

Elon Players. — Several groups of students, interested in 
active participation in the writing and production of plays, 
combine to form the larger group called Elon Players. The 
class in Shakespeare each year produces a Shakespeare play. 
The class in Dramatic Literature writes its own plays and 
produces them for invited audiences as well as producing for 
the public plays by modern dramatists. Other groups, not 
members of these classes, produce plays from time to time. 
The Players constitute a chapter of the National Dramatic 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 25 

Fraternity, Delta Psi Omega. They are also members of the 
North Carolina Dramatic Association, and take part in its 
activities. 

Social Science Honorary Society. — This is the Alpha Chap- 
ter in North Carolina of Pi Gamma Mu, the National Social 
Science Honor Society. The purpose of the organization is to 
give recognition to those students and faculty members who 
have attained distinction in the fields of Social Sciences. Elec- 
tions are held in the fall and spring, at which time Seniors and 
others who are eligible are received into membership in the 
society. 

The Elon Debaters. — This organization is a member of 
the North Carolina Inter-Collegiate Debating Association, and 
makes a number of trips each year to debate at tournaments 
with other college teams. Current economic and social prob- 
lems are subjects of their debates. 

Social Clubs. — Under supervision of their faculty advisers 
and with regulations as provided in the Elon Handbook, the 
social clubs are recognized as follows: 

For men: Alpha Pi Delta; Iota Tau Kappa; Kappa Psi 
Nu; Sigma Phi Beta. 

For women: Beta Omicron Beta; Delta Upsilon Kappa; 
Tau Zeta Phi. 

Each of these organizations has a club room on the first 
floor of the Christian Education Building. 

Maroon and Gold. — The publication of the college news- 
paper, "Maroon and Gold," is undertaken by the college class 
in Journalism. This group serves as the editorial staff and also 
sees the paper through the Elon Press. The headquarters of 
the Elon journalists is in the Printing Room of the Duke 
Science Building. The newspaper appears at least once every 



26 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

two weeks during the college year. This publication is a 
member of the North Carolina Collegiate Press Association 
and of the Associated Collegiate Press. Students who are not 
members of the course in Journalism may write for the paper 
as an extra-curricular activity. 

Elon Colonnades. — This is the college literary magazine. 
It is written and printed at least twice each year by students 
interested in creative expression, both verse and prose. The 
magazine, in being completely the literary production and 
press work of students, is unique among college magazines 
in North Carolina. 

Phipsicli. — Phipsicli is the college annual, edited by mem- 
bers of the Senior class. The name commemorates the three 
erstwhile "literary societies" of the college. First published 
in 1913, this annual now ranks high in the college field. 

Elon Handbook. — The Handbook is a manual for Student 
Government and contains the constitutions and by-laws of the 
Senate and the Women's Council, as well as information need- 
ed by entering students. A copy of the Handbook is furnished 
to each student upon registration and is the basis for the learn- 
ing process during the Orientation Period. 

Class Organizations. — Each of the four classes has its own 
organization, and each year elects its officers and representa- 
tives to the student government. The Freshman class organ- 
izes on the first Tuesday in October. Each class selects some 
member of the faculty other than the President or Deans as 
its adviser. 

Inter-Collegiate Athletics. — There are varsity teams at 
Elon in the following sports: football, basketball, baseball, 
tennis, and wrestling. These teams represent the college in 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 27 

inter-collegiate contests and are under the supervision of the 
Director of Athletics and his assistants. Any student is eligi- 
ble for these teams who meets the regulations governing Inter- 
Collegiate Athletics as printed in the Handbook. Elon Col- 
lege is a member of the North State Inter-Collegiate Athletic 
Association. 

The "E" Men's Club. — This is the varsity athletic organi- 
zation and is composed of all students who have been awarded 
an "E" for participation in inter-collegiate athletics. 

Intramural Athletics. — In addition to the varsity squads, 
there is ample provision for intramural contests in touch-ball, 
basketball, baseball, and tennis. These games are open to all 
students who are not participating on a varsity team in the 
same sport. Teams are formed from the Men's Dormitories, 
from Men's Social Clubs, and from the Faculty, and in group 
sports a season of league games is played. 

Business Administrators. — Business majors of Sophomore 
level and above are eligible for membership in the Business 
Administrators Club. It is the purpose of the Club to make 
the students' business training as practical as possible by spon- 
soring talks by business men and by arranging visits to indus- 
trial plants and business offices. Through these contacts the 
students receive helpful vocational guidance, and their under- 
standing of business and industrial activity is deepened. 

Commercial Club. — The Commercial Club functions for 
the benefit of Secretarial students taking a one- and two-year 
Secretarial course. The purpose of the club is twofold. First, 
it assists in creating a business atmosphere in the classroom by 
sponsoring demonstrations of up-to-date office equipment and 
by making contacts with outside business organizations for 
the privilege of inspection trips and lectures from members of 
those organizations. Second, the club provides a means for 
social contacts among the students within the department. 



28 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

The Education Club. — The primary object of this club is 
to promote a professional attitude on the part of student 
teachers; to bring outstanding educators to the campus; and 
to visit schools to see the actual operation of schools processes. 

STUDENT EXPENSES 

The detailed expenses of the College year of nine months 
are as follows: 

Library Fee $ 3.00 

Registration Fee $ 60.00 

Student Activities Fee 15.00 

Tuition 75.00 

Total for Day Students $ 153.00 

Room Rent $ 50.00 to 75.00 

Board 144.00 to 180.00 

Total for Boarding Students . $347.00 to $408.00 

Room Rent. — The price of room rent per student in the 
College dormitories is as follows: 

Alumni Building $ 50.00 

Carlton House 50.00 

Club House 50.00 

West Dormitory (front rooms) 60.00 

West Dormitory (other rooms) 50.00 

East Dormitory 75.00 

Ladies' Hall 60.00 

Men's Hall 60.00 

Note: Students occupying corner rooms pay $2.50 per semester 
extra in all buildings. 

Two students occupy one room together. Single beds are 
furnished in all dormitories. The room rental includes current 
for one 60-watt lamp for each student. If additional lights are 
desired the charge will be 75 cents per light per semester. A 
charge of $1.25 per semester is made to cover extra current 
used when a radio is operated in a dormitory room. The 
College reserves the right to change rooms or a room-mate of 
any student at any time, but no student is allowed to change 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 29 

rooms without permission from the business office. Students 
are expected to furnish pillows, bed linen, towels, etc. 

BOARDING DEPARTMENT. 

Only a limited number of students can be accommodated 
in the Club Dining Hall, and placement of students there is 
made only on reservation. No deductions are made in board 
charges for absence from meals for less than a full consecutive 
week. The price of board is subject to change without notice. 

In order to facilitate figuring of expenses for any combin- 
ation of dining hall and dormitory, the following tables are 
given: 

Regular College Expenses 

East Dormitory: 

Club College 

Dining Hall Dining Hall 

Board $ 144.00 $ 180.00 

Room 75.00 75.00 

Tuition 75.00 75.00 

Registration Fee 60.00 60.00 

Student Activity Fee 15.00 15.00 

Library Fee 3.00 3.00 

Total for Year $ 372.00 $ 408.00 

Per Semester 186.00 204.00 

Per Half-Semester 93.00 102.00 

Men's Hall, Ladies' Hall, West Dormitory (Front) : 

Club College 

Dining Hall Dining Hall 

Board $ 144.00 $ 180.00 

Room 60.00 60.00 

Tuition 75.00 75.00 

Registration Fee 60.00 60.00 

Student Activity Fee 15.00 15.00 

Library Fee 3.00 3.00 

Total for Year $ 357.00 $ 393.00 

Per Semester 178.50 196.50 

Per Half-Semester 89.25 98.25 



30 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

North Dormitory, West Dormitory (other than front), 
Carlton House, Club House: 

Club College 

Dining Hall Dining Hall 

Board $ 144.00 $ 180.00 

Room 50.00 50.00 

Tuition 75.00 75.00 

Registration Fee 60.00 60.00 

Student Activity Fee 15.00 15.00 

Library Fee 3.00 3.00 

Total for Year $ 347.00 $ 383.00 

Per Semester 173.50 191.50 

Per Half-Semester 86.75 95.00 

Note: These estimates do not include any laboratory fees, ra- 
dio, etc. Corner rooms in all dormitories cost $2.50 per semester 
more than other rooms in the same dormitory. 

Special Courses and Fees. — The following tuition and fees 
for special courses apply only to students taking these items, 
and are not included in above figures: 

Extra Liberal Arts Course (above five courses) . . $ 25.00 
Laboratory Fee (Chemistry, Physics, Biology, 
Home Economics,, Accounting, Secretarial Prac- 
tice, Mechanical Drawing, Botany, Geology and 

Surveying) 10.00 

Piano, Organ, Voice, Violin (2 half-hour lessons 

weekly) 75.00 

Practice Fee, Pipe Organ (one hour daily) 32.00 

Fine Arts 80.00 

Typewriting 30.00 

Practice Teaching Fee (per semester) 15.00 

Graduation Fee (Seniors) 10.00 

Commercial and Secretarial Courses. — When the full Sec- 
retarial or Commercial Course is taken, which includes Book- 
keeping, Shorthand, Typewriting, Business Arithmetic, Pen- 
manship, Filing, Office Methods, and Business English, the 
cost is the same as the regular course as outlined above. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 31 

Music Courses. — Piano, Organ, and Voice fees are $75.00 
each for tuition per year. However, the courses in Music 
Theory, such as Harmony, Public School Music, History of 
Music, are included in the regular tuition if they are taken as a 
part of the five subjects regularly carried. 

Dates of Payments. — The college year is divided into two 
semesters, the first beginning in September and the second in 
January. Two plans of payment of the college expenses are 
offered to students and parents. 

1. Payment of 50% of total expenses at the beginning of 
each semester. 

2. The total expenses for the year may be divided equally 
into nine installments to be paid promptly and without offset 
on first of each month. 

Each parent or student is requested to notify the Business 
Office concerning the plan selected in order that all concerned 
may know definitely the plan of payment to be followed 
through the year. 

Incidental and Miscellaneous Expenses. — Books are esti- 
mated to cost from $20.00 to $25.00 per year, about $15.00 of 
which will be needed at the fall term opening. Books are 
sold at the Bookstore and for cash only. 

An acceptance fee of $5.00 is paid by all boarding students 
when they place their applications for admission to the college. 
This fee is credited to the student's expenses when he or she 
registers. The payment of this fee also reserves a room and 
boarding place for those living on the campus. 

A fee of $1.00 is charged for any special test or examin- 
ation taken to make up a deficiency or remove a condition, 
or test or examination on a current course taken other than 
at the regular time. 



32 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

A fee of $1.00 is charged for changing a course of study 
after the regular dates set for such changes. 

A fee of $1.00 per day up to five days, is charged for the 
late registration. 

After the first transcript of credits, a fee of $1.00 will be 
charged for each additional transcript requested. 

Work and Scholarship Credits. — Credit for work done, or 
other student aid, applies toward tuition and room rent, and 
not toward board and fees. 

Students who have regular jobs with the College take 
their meals at the College Dining Hall. Students who have 
either work or scholarship aid from the college are required 
to keep the remainder of their expenses paid up promptly in 
order to continue such aid. 

Refunds. — To those leaving college for any reason during 
the term, refunds are allowed on all items in proportion to the 
time spent in college, provided the students remain less than 
twelve of the eighteen weeks in any semester. After that time 
all fees are due in full, and only board, room and tuition are 
refundable on a time basis for the complete semester. 

Students leaving during the term are expected to check 
out through the business office and to secure a final and cor- 
rected statement of their account. 

Financial Requirements. — Payments must be promptly 
made. This is a fixed rule of the Board of Trustees, and the 
college officers are not permitted to make exceptions in favor 
of any person. 

No student will be allowed to take examinations who has 
not made satisfactory settlement of his account prior to the 
beginning of examinations. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 33 

No degrees, certificates, or diplomas will be granted to 
those whose accounts to the College are not paid in full. 

In any case if the student desires credit on any course the 
full tuition charge must be paid. 

Transfer of credit to another institution will not be made 
until the student's account is paid in full. 

No annual will be delivered to a student until his account 
is paid in full for the entire college year. 

ACADEMIC REGULATIONS 

Collegiate Degrees. — The College confers the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts upon those who complete the requirements 
for the degree. 

Requirements for Admission. — Students may be admitted 
to freshman standing as candidates for the Bachelor of Arts 
degree in Elon College, without examination, on certificate of 
graduation from an accredited four-year high school course, 
with a total of at least fifteen units from the list of subjects ac- 
cepted for admission as given below. A record of the high 
school work should be furnished to the college by the high 
school principal. 

Students who have been graduated from non-accredited 
high schools, or who have attended an accredited high school 
for four years, and have fifteen units of credit, may be admitted 
upon successfully passing the college entrance examinations. 
These examinations will be given at the beginning of each 
semester. 

A limited number of students may be accepted for special 
work or departmental courses, not to exceed fifteen percent of 
the college enrollment and not as candidates for a degree. 



34 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

Subjects acceptable for admission are as follows: 

Units 

Bible 2 

Economics or Social Science 1 

English 4 

French 2 

German 2 

History 4 

Latin 4 

Mathematics 4 

Music 1 

Science 4 

Spanish 2 

Vocational Subjects 3 

No credit in foreign language may be had until the student 
has completed a minimum of two years in at least one foreign 
language. 

Of the fifteen units required for admission, ten are pre- 
scribed as follows: 

Units 

English 3 

Foreign Language 2 

History 2 

Mathematics 2 

Science 1 

Students having been graduated from high school but not 
meeting the prescribed requirements may be admitted on con- 
dition, such condition to be worked off before the beginning 
of the sophomore year. Not more than two conditions can 
be allowed. 

Applicants for advanced standing must present to the 
Registrar of Elon College an official transcript of their work 
in other colleges. Full credit will be given for work in ac- 
credited institutions in so far as it parallels the work at Elon. 

Every candidate for a Bachelor of Arts degree must com- 
plete at least one full college year of residence work at Elon 
College. Students admitted to advanced standing are subject 
to all the entrance and graduation requirements of the college. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 35 

Health Certificate. — Every student must present a health 
certificate of a satisfactory physical examination taken within 
the immediate past or pay an examination fee of $1.00 upon 
entrance to the college. 

Classification. — For admission to the sophomore class, a 
student must have removed all entrance conditions and have 
completed not fewer than eighteen semester hours of fresh- 
man work toward a degree. 

For admission to the junior class, a student must have 
completed not fewer than forty-eight semester hours of work 
for credit toward a degree. 

For admission to the senior class, a student must have 
completed not fewer than eighty-four semester hours of work 
toward a degree. 

Classifications are made at the beginning of the school 
year in September, and no new classifications are made during 
the year. 

Registration. — Each student goes to the Dean of the Col- 
lege for a conference and for assignment to a faculty adviser 
who aids the student in arranging his course of study. Before 
entering any department, the student pays the registration fee 
of $30.00 and his other expenses, and receives from the Busi- 
ness Manager a registration card admitting him to the depart- 
ment of the college. The registration fee of $30.00 is payable 
at the beginning of the Fall and Spring Semesters, and no 
student is allowed any privilege of the college until these fees 
are paid. 

Every student is required to register within twenty-four 
hours after his arrival, and not later than 5:30 p. m. of the 
registration days in September and January. The penalty for 
late registration is one dollar for each day after the date set 
for registration, the maximum penalty being five dollars. 

Freshman Orientation Period. — The Freshman Orienta- 
tion Period is for the purpose of introducing the student to 



36 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

his environment. It is an endeavor to acquaint the student 
with the policies and ideals of the college. Receptions, assem- 
blies, lectures and open forums help to establish a close fel- 
lowship, and the student is enabled to begin his college life 
more efficiently. Professors are assigned as advisers for a min- 
imum number of freshmen and are, throughout the year, at 
the service of these students. 

Schedule of Studies. — All students are expected to carry 
fifteen hours of college work per week, this amount being 
considered the normal student-load. No student may carry 
less than twelve hours or more than sixteen hours, without 
special permission from the Dean, and in accordance with the 
Handbook regulations for extra work. In making up the 
number of hours required, no course in the Fine Arts, includ- 
ing applied music, can count for more than two semester-hours, 
and no credit is given for physical training in making up the 
120 semester-hours required for graduation. 

Change of Course. — Registration is for an entire course, 
and a course once begun must be continued except in unusual 
circumstances. Continuous elementary subjects must be pur- 
sued for a year in order to be credited toward a degree. Chang- 
ing a course after registration is discouraged, and such change 
may be made only with the permission of the Dean. A charge 
of $1.00 is made for changing a course. No new course may 
be entered after September 30, in the Fall Semester, or Feb- 
ruary 5, in the Spring Semester. Any course dropped after 
those dates automatically draws a grade of "F." 

Nine Hour Rule. — Students failing to pass nine hours of 
the work pursued, may not return for the next semester. This 
rule does not apply to foreign students in the first year of res- 
idence, or to specially admitted students if recommended by 
the Faculty Committee on Admission and Credits; and in the 
case of freshmen students, three hours of the nine may be a 
conditional grade. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 37 

Class Absences. — Absences are counted from the first 
meeting of the class in the semester. Those who enter late are 
to be reported as absent from the previous meetings of the class. 
Not more than three unexcused absences from a class during a 
semester are permitted, without the loss of quality points. 
Necessarily additional absences without penalty are allowed 
students who must be absent in order to represent the College 
as members of athletic teams or other recognized organizations, 
provided that the total absences must be made up as early as 
practicable each semester, by the permission of the Deans and 
at the convenience of the Faculty member concerned. For 
each two additional absenes or any fractional part of two 
additional absences not allowed as specified above, one quality 
point will be deducted from the quality points earned during 
the semester. 

Any work missed by a student is to be made up at a con- 
venient time appointed by the professor in charge. 

A student who fails to get permission to drop a course 
receives F on the course. No student will be permitted a re- 
examination who has received an F on the course. 

Chapel and Church Absences. — (1) All students are re- 
quired to attend the regular Chapel exercises. Seniors are 
allowed twelve absences from Chapel during a semester. All 
other students are allowed eight absences. (2) All dormitory 
students are required to attend Sunday morning church ser- 
vices. Permission must be secured from the proper Dean to 
attend church off the campus. Seniors are allowed six absences 
during a semester without the loss of credit; underclassmen are 
allowed four absences during a semester without the loss of 
credit. (3) A student who is absent from Chapel or Church 
over the above limit during a semester will be subject to dis- 
cipline. Absences from Chapel or Church over the limit 
mentioned above, unless excused by the proper Dean, will 
reduce the student's semester hour credits one hour for each 



38 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

four Chapel absences or portion thereof, and one hour for each 
two additional Church absences or portion thereof. (4) Fresh- 
men are required to attend Sunday school, and the same rules 
shall apply as those concerning attendance at Church. 

Semester Examinations. — Semester examinations are given 
in January and May. An average of "D" on each subject in- 
cluding term standing and examination, is required for credit. 
All students making a grade of "E" on a continuous subject 
may be conditioned if this condition occurs at the end of the 
Fall Semester. A grade of "C" is required during the follow- 
ing semester to remove the condition without a re-examination. 

Students who fail to attend regular tests or examinations, 
or who fail to hand in papers, are regarded as handing in 
blank papers, unless they have been previously excused from 
the examination. Excuses from tests and examinations are 
granted only in case of absolute necessity. Such excuses, to 
be valid, must be obtained from the Dean on or before the 
day of the test or examination, and communicated officially 
to the professor holding the test or examination. 

Special Examinations. — A student wishing a special ex- 
amination must obtain a permit from the Dean before the 
date of the examination. A student who has been excused 
from an examination or who has made an "E" in a subject 
for the Fall Semester, may have opportunity to make good his 
deficiency without taking the subject over, provided the de- 
ficiency be removed within one college year from the time it 
was incurred. 

A charge of $1.00 for each test or examination taken out 
of the regular time will be made, except in cases where stu- 
dents have been excused from taking the regular test or ex- 
amination at the regular examination period. 

Senior Deficiencies. — Senior deficiencies may be made up 
either at a special examination arranged by the Dean and the 
instructor, or at the regular examination at the close of the 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 39 

Fall Semester. All senior conditions must be made up not 
later than April 1st, in order for the student to become a 
candidate for a degree at the following commencement. 

Graduation Requirements. — At the beginning of the Jun- 
ior year, each candidate for the Bachelor of Arts Degree must 
elect a major from the department listed below in which 
majors are offered. More than one major may be elected. 

Religion 11-12 is the required course for each candidate 
for a degree. The course must be taken in either the Freshman 
or Sophomore year. If, for any reason, it is practically impos- 
sible for a student so to arrange his course that Religion 11-12 
can be taken in the Freshman or Sophomore year, Religion 
33-34 may be taken as an alternate in the Junior or Senior 
year. 

Those who desire to prepare to teach must satisfy certain 
technical requirements for certification which should be dis- 
cussed with the Dean and the Professor of Education. 

One hundred and twenty semester-credit hours must be 
completed as a minimum for the degree of Bachelor of Arts, 
forty-eight hours of which must be taken on the Junior-Senior 
level. 

Quality Points. — 120 quality points are required for grad- 
uation in addition to the 120 semester-hours of Liberal Arts 
credits as heretofore required. The quality-point values of 
grades are: 

A — 3 quality-points for each semester hour. 
B — 2 quality-points for each semester hour. 
C — 1 quality-point for each semester hour. 

Senior Essay and Comprehensive Examination. — 1. Each 
senior is required to write an essay which is to be directed by 
the head of the department in which the student is majoring 
or someone in that department appointed by the head. The 
professor who directs the paper will serve as chairman of a 
reading committee of three to pass on the paper after it has 



40 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

been submitted in final form. The professor who directs the 
paper is to turn in the subject of the essay to the Dean by 
November 15th of the Senior year. The first draft of the 
essay is to be submitted to the professor who is directing the 
work on or before March 1st. Three typewritten copies of the 
paper are submitted to the reading committee on or before 
April 15th. The student is examined orally on the essay by the 
committee which reads his work. This examination is not to 
exceed one hour. 

2. Each major professor is permitted, at his discretion, to 
offer to the student the option of a comprehensive examination 
in the student's major field as an alternative for the senior 
essay. This examination, according to the judgment of the 
major professor, may be either oral or written or a combination 
of the two. The examination is prepared and administered by 
the membership of the department or by the membership of 
the department and that of a related department, if the mem- 
bership of the department consists of less than two, the head of 
the department acting as chairman. The comprehensive 
examination is to be held between April 15th and May 1st for 
the student's senior year, and is not to exceed two hours if oral 
or three hours if written. 

Certificates. — Departmental Certificates will be given those 
who have completed the course in Music and Art, provided that 
each student shall have completed fifteen units of high school 
work as required for entrance to the college, and have com- 
pleted the requirements for a major in some one of the College 
departments, with an average of at least C for the work done 
both in the special department and in the liberal arts depart- 
ments. In lieu of a major, the candidate may offer thirty 
semester-hours of Freshman liberal arts work. A certificate 
may be secured in the Commercial Department upon the com- 
pletion of a one year's course as outlined by that department. 
No certificate is given in the liberal arts departments of the 
College. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 41 

Diplomas. — Departmental diplomas are granted to those 
who in a single department complete four years of work with 
an average of C, and in addition two majors in the liberal 
arts departments, or sixty semester-hours of Freshman and 
Sophomore work. 

Reading for Honors. — The purpose of the plan of Reading 
for Honors is to encourage those students who have the ability 
and ambition to study independently in going beyond the 
minimum standards of the regular courses. The plan provides 
for the best students a program of training which, alike by its 
freedom and severity, will develop them to the utmost. 

To this end, prospective candidates should apply to the 
Chairman of the Honors Committee not later than May 1st of 
their Junior year. A limited number of applicants is then 
admitted by the committee, after faculty approval. 

The admitted candidate is, at the discretion of his advisory 
committee either permitted great freedom in class atten- 
dance of regular courses during his senior year or is excused 
from attendance of regular courses altogether. If the latter 
alternate is pursued, an Honors course which adequately paral- 
lels the requirements and subject matter of regular courses is 
followed at the Senior level. 

The Honors course is based upon work already done by 
the candidate in his major and minor fields and is guided 
by a committee composed of one member from each of these 
departments, the professor in the major field acting as coordi- 
nating chairman. Conferences with the chairman occur at 
least once each fortnight, while additional consultations are 
held with the professors in the minor fields. Near the end of 
the second semester of the senior year an oral comprehensive 
examination in the planned reading is held by the Honors 
Committee and some professor invited from the faculty of 
another college or university. 

If any member of the committee is dissatisfied with the 
progress of the candidate, he may request a consideration by 



42 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

the committee of the student's pursuing regular class work 
in any given parallel field. No student may expect to continue 
in the Reading for Honors course who does not satisfy the 
committee that he is progressing satisfactorily. 

Majors. — The College offers majors, four courses only re- 
quired, except as specified, as follows: 

Biology. Mathematics. 

Business Administration, Music, 34-44 semester-hours. 

30 semester-hours.* Philosophy. 

Chemistry. Physics. 

English. Religion, f 

French. Science, 6 courses.^ 
History. 

A major course will not be formed for fewer than three 
students, a minor for fewer than five. 

Minors. — Any field in which a major is offered, if pursued 
for the first two years, as prescribed in the department of in- 
struction below, may constitute a minor, in addition to the 
following fields : 

Applied Mathematics. Geology. Greek. 

Education. German. Home Economics. § 

In addition to the requirement of one major, as specified 
above, two minors totaling twenty-four semester hours, relat- 
ing to the elected major, must be completed. 

(1) 12 semester-hours in English. 

( 2 ) 12 semester-hours in Foreign language. 

(3) One of the following : 

(a) 12 semester-hours in Mathematics. 

(b) 2 courses in a Natural Science. 

(c) 6 semester-hours in Mathematics and one course in 

natural science. 

(d) 1 course in each of two natural sciences. 

(4) 6 semester hours in Religion. 

*Students majoring in Business Administration are advised to minor in 
Social Science. 

fStudents majoring in Religion have at least two years in each of the 
following subjects: History, Sociology, Philosophy, and Greek. 

tThis must include Biology, Chemistry, Physics, and Geography. 

§Home Economics may be rated as a major, provided both Biology and 
Chemistry are pursued as minors. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 43 

Students must have an average grade of "C" in the major 
field in order to be graduated. 

Six semester-hours in American History and six semester- 
hours in European History are advised. 

Students who plan to pursue graduate work leading to 
the degree of Doctor of Philosophy should take both French 
and German. 

Electives. — Any course not chosen as a major or a minor 
may be elected toward the degree. Additional electives are 
provided in Art and in Applied Music. 

Courses in Art and Applied Music receive four semester- 
hours credit per year. Under no circumstances can more than 
twelve semester-hours credit toward the A. B. degree be al- 
lowed in Art and Applied Music. 

SCHOLARSHIPS 

Tuition Scholarships and Self-Helf Positions. — The Presi- 
dent and the Scholarship Committee of the Faculty award all 
scholarships and self-help positions. No scholarship will be 
awarded to a high school graduate whose average has been less 
than "C" and all scholarships are awarded on the condition that 
the student will average not less than "C" on his college work. 
Self-help positions are awarded on the same basis, with oc- 
casional exceptions. Applications for awards should be in the 
hands of the Scholarship Committee before July 1. The atten- 
tion of the applicant is called to the section on "Work and 
Scholarship Credits," contained on page 32 of this catalogue. 

Alumni Scholarship. — The Alumni Association, in session 
on June 1, 1909, established a scholarship in Elon College. This 
scholarship is awarded in the literary department, and is of 
value of $75.00 a year. 

Elon High School Scholarships. — The Board of Trustees 
offer scholarships to one graduate of any high school of which 
an Elon graduate is principal or superintendent, or a teacher in 



44 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

high school work. Said scholarship is good for one year, and 
covers tuition in any liberal arts course. The candidate is to be 
satisfactorily recommended by the principal or superintendent 
and approved by the Faculty Committee on Scholarships. The 
number of such scholarships is limited to ten. 

Public High School Scholarships. — The Board of Trus- 
tees offer ten free tuition scholarships upon the recommenda- 
tion of the principal or superintendent of approved high 
schools, subject to the approval of the Faculty Committee on 
Scholarships. 

Ministerial Students and Minor Children of Ministers. — 

Ministerial students and minor children of ministers who live 
at the college are granted scholarships to cover their regular 
tuition ($75.00). Day students taking the ministerial course, 
and minor children of ministers who are day students will pay 
one-half of the regular tuition charge. 

The J. J. Summerbell Scholarship. — In consideration of a 
bequest of $1,000.00 for that purpose, left the college by the late 
Dr. }. J. Summerbell, the President of the College each year 
will award a $60.00 tuition scholarship, in either the College or 
one of the special departments, good for the succeeding year, 
to that member of either the Freshman, Sophomore, or Junior 
class, who shall write the best thesis on "The First Command- 
ment." The same is to be adjudged by a committee of the 
Faculty. Theses in this competition are to be typewritten and 
in the President's hands, the name of the writer accompanying 
in a sealed envelope, not later than May 1. 

The Barrett Scholarship. — In memory of Dr. J. Pressley 
Barrett, an original trustee of the College, a free tuition scholar- 
ship is awarded annually to some worthy member of the 
Freshman class. 

The Long Scholarship. — In memory of Dr. W. S. Long, 

founder and first president, a free tuition scholarship is award- 
ed annually to some worthy member of the Freshman class. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 45 

The Staley Scholarship. — In memory of Dr. W. W. Staley, 
second president, a free tuition scholarship is awarded annually 
to some member of the Freshman class. 

The Moffitt Scholarship. — In honor of Dr. E. L. Moffitt, 
third president, a free tuition scholarship is awarded annually 
to some member of the Freshman class. 

The Martyn Summerbell Scholarship. — Dr. Martyn Sum- 
merbell of Lakemont, N. Y., each year awards free tuition 
scholarship to some worthy member of the Freshman class. 

The Parkerson Scholarship. — In memory of her mother, 
Mrs. L. S. Parkerson, Mrs. L. M. Cannon awards annually a 
free tuition scholarship to some member of the Commercial 
Department. 

LOAN FUNDS 

The Bowling Fund. — Dr. E. H. Bowling, Durham, N. C, 
has created a fund to be used in the education of deserving 
students, preferably candidates for the ministry. Those who 
are accepted as beneficiaries of this fund will receive $60.00 per 
year to be applied to their account with the College. They will 
give an interest-bearing note at 6 per cent for the same, with 
acceptable security, and will begin to pay the money back, at 
least one note a year, immediately after graduation. The title 
of this fund will remain in the College, but it is to be perpet- 
ually used for the purpose indicated. Awards of funds are 
made by the President. 

The Amick Fund. — Dr. T. C. Amick, formerly of the 
College Faculty, has created a fund to be loaned to deserving 
students at 6 per cent interest. The President lends this fund 
on proper security. 

The Clarke Fund.— Dr. J. A. Clarke of the College 
Faculty has created a loan fund for deserving students. The 
Business Manager lends this at 6 per cent interest on proper 
security. 



46 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

Ministerial Loan Fund. — The treasurer of the College is 
the custodian for the loan fund of $13,031.49 of the Southern 
Convention of Congregational-Christian Churches. It is loaned 
to ministerial students upon the recommendation of a com- 
mittee appointed by the Convention. 

The Eastern Virginia Conference Ministerial Fund. — By an 
agreement with the authorities of the College, whereby the 
Eastern Virginia Conference relinquished certain bonds owned 
by it, there is provided a special fund for ministerial students 
from that conference. The value of this fund is $180 per year, 
but it is provided that no one student shall receive over $100.00 
in any one year. If there are two or more ministerial students 
from that conference, the $180.00 is to be equally divided. It is 
further provided that if there are no students who qualify, the 
fund is not cumulative. 

The Masonic Fund. — The Grand Lodge of North Carolina 
has given the College $2,500.00 to be loaned to seniors in Col- 
lege, on acceptable security. 

The Knights Templar Educational Loan Fund. — Under 
the rules of the Grand Commandary, students in Elon College 
may secure loans from this fund. 

The McLeod Fund. — The family of the late Prof. M. A. 
McLeod have established a fund of $2,000.00, the interest on 
which is to be loaned to worthy students on proper security. 

The John M. W. Hicks Loan Fund.— Mr. John M. W. 
Hicks, of Raleigh, N. C, and of New York City, has estab- 
lished this fund for needy students. The initial amount of the 
fund was $1,000.00. The donor hopes that it may be materially 
increased. It is to assist members of the Junior and Senior 
classes. 

ENDOWMENT AND SOURCES OF INCOME 
Tuition and Fees. — The income from tuition in the literary 
and special departments constitutes a chief and growing source 
of revenue for the support of the College. The income from 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 47 

fees, matriculation and departmental, is used to pay the inci- 
dental expenses of the College and of the departments. Besides 
these sources of income and gifts from time to time on current 
expenses, the College has the following sources of revenue : 

The O. J. Wait Fund. — This fund was a bequest from Rev. 
O. J. Wait, D. D., of Fall River, Massachusetts, the amount, 
$1,000.00, being the first bequest that came to the College. 

The Francis Asbury Palmer Fund. — Of this fund $20,- 
000.00 was given by Mr. Francis Asbury Palmer, of New York, 
before his death. The remaining ten thousand dollars having 
been provided for in his will, became available soon after his 
death. 

The Patrick Henry Lee Fund.— This fund of $1,000.00 is 
a bequest from Capt. P. H. Lee, of Holland, Va. 

The J. J. Summerbell Fund. — Dr. }. J. Summerbell, Day- 
ton, Ohio, from its foundation a staunch friend and loyal sup- 
porter of the College, departed life February 28, 1913, and left 
a bequest of $1,500.00 to Elon. 

The Jesse Winbourne Fund. — This fund, a bequest from 
Deacon Jesse Winbourne, of Elon College, N. C, amounting 
to $5,000.00 became available in January, 1923. It is a part of 
the permanent endowment funds of the College. 

The Southern Convention Fund. — The Southern Conven- 
tion of Congregational-Christian Churches asks the Confer- 
ence composing the Convention for $12,500.00 annually for the 
support of the College. This is called the Elon College Fund. 

This fund is the equivalent of an invested endowment of 
$250,000.00 at 5 per cent. By vote of the Southern Christian 
Convention in May, 1918, a note was given the College for 
$112,500.00 and later $100,000.00 in 6 per cent bonds, as evi- 
dences of this obligation. 

The Carlton Fund. — The family of the late J. W. Carlton, 
of Richmond, Va., P. J. Carlton, H. A. Carlton, Luther Carlton 
and Mrs. T. S. Parrott, gave the College for its permanent 



48 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

funds, certain R. F. and P. Railway stocks, to found a Profes- 
sorship in Christian Literature and Methods in memory of Mrs. 
J. W. Carlton. Upon his death, in May, 1935, Mr. P. J. Carlton 
left a bequest adding $25,000.00 to the endowment of the 
College. 

The Corwith Fund. — W. F. Corwith, a former trustee, has 
given the College for its permanent funds $35,000.00 to found 
a Professorship in Biblical Languages and Literature, in mem- 
ory of Mrs. W. F. Corwith. 

The J. W. Wellons Fund— Dr. J. W. Wellons, several 
years before his death, bought two annuity bonds of the Col- 
lege in the sum of $1,500.00. By the terms of the bonds, at his 
decease they were cancelled and the principal became a part 
of the general endowment of the College. Dr. Wellons desired 
that the Church would supplement his gift till an endowment 
of $300,000 should be provided for the School of Christian 
Education. 

Other Invested Funds. — Other gifts to the permanent En- 
dowment Fund are: One of $25.00 from the late Rev. J. J. 
Summerbell, D. D., of Dayton, Ohio; one of $283.35 from the 
estate of the late Jos. A. Foster of Semora, N. C; one of $50.00 
by Miss Mamie Tate, as a student loan fund; and one of $100.00 
to be kept at interest for a term of years, left by the late Rev. 
S. B. Klapp. 

The Francis Asbury Palmer Board Donations. — The late 
Francis Asbury Palmer, who endowed the College, left his 
estate to a Board to administer it in furthering education. This 
Board at one time made a considerable donation in cash for 
current expenses. It provides for the transportation expenses 
of the non-resident lectureship of Dr. Martyn Summerbell. 

The Standardization Fund. — During the spring of 1919, 
a campaign was put on to raise additional endowment. This 
was known as the Standardization Fund. There was raised 
$381,600.00 in cash and subscriptions. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 49 

Forms of Bequest. — A number of friends have made pro- 
vision for the College in the disposition of their property after 
their decease. We appreciate this generous action on their part 
and commend it to the liberal-hearted of our friends, for whose 
convenience we append herewith three forms of bequests : 

FIRST FORM 

I give and bequeath to the Board of Trustees of Elon College the 

sum of Dollars, to be applied at 

their discretion, for the general purposes of the College. 

SECOND FORM 

I give and bequeath to the Board of Trustees of Elon College the 
sum of Dollars to be safely in- 
vested by them and called the Scholarship 

Fund. The interest of this fund shall be applied at their discretion 
to aid deserving students. 

THIRD FORM 

I give and bequeath to the Board of Trustees of Elon College the 
sum of Dollars to be safely invest- 
ed by them as an endowment for the support of the College. 

Annuity Bonds. — Those desiring a stable income on funds 
that they intend to leave the College in their wills, can secure 
the same by placing such funds with the College treasurer and 
receiving an annuity bond as follows: 

ANNUITY BOND 

The Board of Trustees of Elon College. 

Elon College., 19... 

Whereas, of has donated 

and paid to the Board of Trustees of Elon College, a corporation 
established under a charter from the State of North Carolina, its 
principal office being located at Elon College, in said State, the sum 

of Dollars, said sum becoming by said gift the 

absolute property of said Board of Trustees of Elon College, the whole 
amount to go direct to said College and ever be administered for its 
advancement by said Board of Trustees : Now, therefore, in consider- 
ation thereof, the said Board of Trustees agree to pay the 

said the interest on the same at 6 per 

cent, payable semi-annually, during natural 

life. 



50 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

As the above interest provision is made for the sole benefit of the 

said during natural life, it is declared 

to be the intention of the parties subscribed hereto that no obligation 
whatever is, or shall be considered hereby to have been assumed by the 
said Board of Trustees, to the heirs, executors, administrators, or as- 
signs of said for any interest after 

life shall have terminated. 

THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF ELON COLLEGE, 

By President (Seal) 

Witness : Treasurer of Elon College. 

So far five annuity bonds have been taken: two by the 
late Dr. J. W. Wellons, in the sum of $1,500.00; one by Trustee 
A. B. Farmer, in the sum of $1,000.00; one by Mrs. J. P. Avent, 
also in the amount of $1,000.00; and a fifth by Mrs. Esther 
Jenkins, in the sum of $3,000.00. Generous-hearted friends, 
desiring a safe investment of their funds and a sure means of 
perpetuating their memory to generations yet unborn, may 
avail themselves of this inviting privilege. 

Insurance Policies. — Friends may make the College their 
beneficiary in one or more insurance policies. Details of this 
plan will be gladly furnished. 



Outline of Courses of Study 

This section outlines proposed courses of study in specific 
fields. Courses numbered 11 through 19 are on the Freshman 
level, 21 through 29 are on the Sophomore level, and 31 and 
above are on the Junior-Senior level. 

FOUR-YEAR COURSES OF STUDY LEADING TO 
DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF ARTS 

Business Administration 



FRESHMAN 

Hours 

Bus. Adm. 11-12 6 

Bus. Adm. 15-16 6 

History 11-12 6 

English 11-12 6 

French or German 6 

30 
JUNIOR 
Bus. Adm. 31-32-33-34 or 35-36... 6 

Social Science 6 

Math, or Science 6 

Electives 12 



SOPHOMORE 

Hours 

Bus. Adm. 21-22 6 

English 21-22 6 

French or German 6 

Religion 11-12 6 

Math, or Science 6 or 8 

30 or 32 
SENIOR 
Bus. Adm. 41-42, 43-48 or 37-44... 12 

History 48 3 

Electives 15 



30 



30 

English with North Carolina Public School Certificate 

SOPHOMORE 



FRESHMAN 

Hours 

English 11-12 6 

History 11-12 6 

Religion 11-12 6 

French or German 11-12 6 

Math, or Science 6 or 8 



Hours 

English 21-22 6 

History 6 

French or German 6 

Psychology 21 and 31 6 

Math, or Science 6 or 8 



30 or 32 
JUNIOR 

English 38-39 or 61-62 6 

Education 23, 47 6 

History 6 

Electives 12 



30 



30 or 32 
SENIOR 

English 45 and 49 6 

English 33-34 6 

Education 57 or 58 3 

Directed Teachings 3 

Electives 12 



30 



52 



ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 



History and Pre-Law 



FRESHMAN 

Hours 

English 11-12 6 

History 11-12 6 

Religion 11-12 6 

Language 6 

Science or Math 6 or 8 



SOPHOMORE 

Hours 

English 21-22 6 

History 13-14 6 

Pschology 21-24 6 

Language 6 

Bus. Adm. 11-12 6 



32 



30 



JUNIOR 

English 35-36 6 

History 31-32 6 

Science or Math 6 or 8 

Bus. Adm. 33-34 6 

Electives 6 



32 



SENIOR 

History 48 3 

English-History 33 or 34 3 

English 33-34 6 

Electives 18 



30 



Home Economics with Certificate 



FRESHMAN 

Hours 

English 11-12 6 

Chemistry 11-12 8 

Biology 11-12 8 

Home Economics 11-12 6 

French 11-12 6 



SOPHOMORE 

Hours 

English 21-22 6 

Home Economics 13-14 6 

Psychology 21 and 31 6 

Chemistry 31-32 8 

French 21-22 6 



34 



32 



JUNIOR 

Education 47 and 48 6 

Physics 16 4 

Home Economics 23-34 6 

Home Economics 31-32 6 

Religion 33 3 

Psychology 22 3 



32 



SENIOR 

Biology 4 

Biology 42 4 

Education 52 3 

Education (elective) 3 

Home Economics 41 3 

Home Economics 42 3 

Home Economics 45 3 

Home Economics 44 3 

Home Economics 43 3 



29 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 



53 



Journalism 



FRESHMAN 



SOPHOMORE 



Hours 



Hours 



English 11-12 6 English 21-22 6 

French 11-12, or German 11-12.... 6 French 21-22 or German 21-22.... 6 



History 11-12 6 

Religion 11-12 6 

Science or Math 6 or 8 



History 6 

Psychology 21 and 24 6 

Science 21-22 or Math. 21-22 6 or 8 



30 or 32 



30 or 32 



JUNIOR 
English 33-34 or 38-39 6 



SENIOR 
English 41-42 6 



English 61-62 6 English 49 3 



Electives 6 

History 6 

Sociology 31-32 6 



30 



Philosophy 31-32 6 

Electives 15 



30 



Bachelor of Arts Degree and Diploma in Piano, Organ, 



Violin, or Voice* 



FRESHMAN 

Hours 

Music 13-14 4 

Music 17-18 4 

English 11-12 6 

French or German 11-12 6 

Science or Math 6 or 8 



SOPHOMORE 

Hours 

Music 11-12 6 

Music 27-28 4 

English 21-22 6 

French or German 21-22 6 

Science or Math 6 or 8 



26 or 28 



28 or 30 



JUNIOR 

Music 21-22 6 

Music 23-24 6 

Music 37-38 4 

Religion 33-34 6 

General Electives 12 



34 



SENIOR 

Music 47-48 4 

Music Elective 6 

General Electives 22 

Recital 



32 



*Total hours for degree and diploma 120-124. 
Total hours of music required for diploma 44. 



54 



ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 



Bachelor of Arts Degree and Diploma in Music Theory* 

SOPHOMORE 



FRESHMAN 

Hours 

Music 11-12 6 

Music 13-14 4 

English 11-12 6 

French or German 11-12 6 

Science or Math 6 or 8 



Hours 

Music 21-22 6 

Music 23-24 6 

English 21-22 6 

French or German 21-22 6 

Science or Math 6 or 8 



28 or 30 

JUNIOR 

Music 31-32 6 

Music 17-18 (Piano) 4 

Religion 33-34 6 

General Electives 16 



32 



30 or 32 
SENIOR 

Music 41-42 6 

Music Elective 6 

General Electives 20 



32 



*Total hours for degree and diploma 122-126. 
Total hours of music required for diplom 44. 



Bachelor of Arts Degree and Certificate in Music 4 



FRESHMAN 

Music 13-14 4 

Music 17-18 (Voice) 4 

English 11-12 6 

French or German 11-12 6 

Science or Math 6 or 8 



SOPHOMORE 

Music 11-12 6 

Music 23-24 6 

English 21-22 6 

French or German 21-22 6 

Science or Math 6 or 8 



26 or 28 
JUNIOR 

Music 21-22 6 

Religion 33-34 6 

General Electives 20 



30 or 32 
SENIOR 

Music 45-46 6 

Music 34 2 

General Electives 24 



32 



32 



*Total hours for degree and certificate 120-124. 
Total hours of music required for certificate 34. 



Pre-Engineering — Chemical 



FRESHMAN 

Math. 11-12 6 

English 11-12 6 

German 11-12 or French 11-12 6 

Chemistry 11-12 8 

Math. 13-14 6 



SOPHOMORE 

Math. 21-22 6 

English 21-22 6 

German 21-22 or French 21-22.... 6 

Chemistry 21-22 8 

Religion 11-12 6 



32 



32 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 



55 



JUNIOR 

Hours 

Math 6 

Economics 11-12 6 

Chemistry 31-32 8 

Electives 12 

32 



SENIOR 

Hours 

Math . 6 

Business Organization o 

Chemistry 41-42 8 

Electives 12 



32 



Pre-Engineering — Civil 



FRESHMAN 

English 11-12 6 

Math. 11-12 6 

Chemistry 11-12 8 

Math. 13-14 6 

French or German 11-12 6 



SOPHOMORE 

English 21-22 6 

Math. 21-22 6 

Physics 13-14 8 

Math. 23-24 or Bus. Adm. 11-12... 6 

French or German 21-22 6 



32 

JUNIOR 

Math. 31-32 6 

Physics 21-22 8 

Math. 51-52 6 

Elective 6 

Religion 13-14 or 33-34 6 



32 

SENIOR 

Geology 11-12 8 

Math. 41-42 6 

Math. 31-32 6 

Physics 41-42 8 

Electives 6 



32 



32 



Pre-Engineering — Electrical or Mechanical 



FRESHMAN 

English 11-12 6 

Chemistry 11-12 8 

Math. 11-12 6 

Engineering Drawing 13-14 6 

French 11-12 or German 11-12 6 



SOPHOMORE 

English 21-22 6 

Physics 13-14 8 

Math. 21-22 6 

Bus. Adm. 11-12 6 

French or German 21-22 6 



32 

JUNIOR 

Physics 41-42 8 

Calculus, Math. 31-32 6 

Physics 21-22 8 

History 11-12 6 

Sociology 31-32 or Philosophy 31-32 6 



32 

SENIOR 

Physics 31-32 8 

Math. 41-42 6 

Bus Adm. 33-34 6 

Religion 33-34 6 

Elective 6 



34 



32 



56 



ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 



Pre-Medical or Pre-Dental 

The following courses are suggested to the student con- 
templating a Medical or Dental profession. The courses listed 
for the Freshman and Sophomore years include all of the 
required courses for entrance to Medical School, and fulfill 
the minimum requirements of the Council on Education of 
the American Medical Association. For the student wishing 
to spend more than two years, courses have been suggested 
which will meet the requirements of Elon College for grad- 
uation, and will also give him a better preparation. 



FRESHMAN 

Hours 

Biology 11-12 8 

Chemistry 11-12 8 

English 11-12 6 

French 11-12 or German 11-12.... 6 

Math. 11-12 6 



SOPHOMORE 

Hours 

Biology 21-22 8 

Chemistry 21-22 8 

English 21-22 5 

French 21-22 or German 21-22 6 

Physics 13-14 8 



34 

JUNIOR 

Biology 31-32 8 

Chemistry 31-32 8 

Physics 21 4 

Health and Hygiene 31-32, 33-34. . 6 
Religion 33-34 6 



36 
SENIOR 

Biology 41-42 8 

Chemistry 41-42 8 

Psychology 21 3 

Sociology 31-32 or Philosophy 6 

Economics 11-12 6 



32 



31 



Religion 



FRESHMAN 

English 11-12 6 

Science 8 

History 11-12 6 

Bus. Adm. 11-12 6 

Religion 11-12 6 



SOPHOMORE 

Religion 21-22 6 

Science S 

English 21-22 6 

Psychology 21-24 6 

Elective 6 



32 

JUNIOR 

Religion 31-32 6 

Religion 33-34 6 

Philosophy 31-32 6 

Sociology 31-32 6 

Greek 31-32 6 



32 

SENIOR 

Religion 43-44 6 

Philosophy 35-36 6 

Philosophy 41-42 6 

Greek 41-42 6 

Church Music 33 4 



30 



28 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 57 

Two-Year Courses of Study 

Students desiring two-year courses may make their selec- 
tion from the courses indicated below: 

Pre-Medical or Pre-Dental Course: 

Biology 11-12, 21-22; Chemistry 11-12, 21-22; Physics 11-12; 
English 11-12, 21-22; Religion 11-12, and two elective subjects for 
the year. 

Pre-Law Course: 

English 11-12, 21-22, 35-36; History 11-12, 21-22; Religion 
11-12. Other subjects elective. 

Pre-Engineering Course: 

Physics 11-12, 21-22; Mathematics 11-12, 13-14, 21-22; Eng- 
lish 11-12, 21-22; French or German 11-12, 21-22; Chemistry 11-12. 

One- Year Secretarial Course 

Fall Semester: 

Shorthand, Typewriting, Business English, Business Arithmetic, 
and Penmanship. 

Spring Semester: 

Advanced Shorthand (Dictation), Advanced Typewriting, Sec- 
retarial Practice, Bookkeeping. 

NOTE — Satisfactory completion of the one-year course as above would 
yield nine semester-hours credit. 

Two- Year Secretarial Course 

First Year same as above. 

Second Year: 

English 11-12, 6 semester* hours; Business Administration 13 
and 14, 6 semester hours; Business Administration 11 and 12, 6 
semester hours; Business Administration 33 and 34, 6 semester hours; 
Advanced Dictation, Business Administration 21-22, 3 semester 
hours. Total, 27 semester hours. 



Departments of Instruction 

DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY 

MR. GRAVETT 
MR. BEECHER 

Biology is the science of life, and therefore includes the 
study of both plants and animals. The courses are arranged 
to teach the fundamental facts of biology, including the laws 
of development, heredity, and variation, together with studies 
of the habits and distribution of the members of the plant 
and animal kingdoms. The courses are planned for those 
who seek a general culture, or professional training. 

11-12 General Biology. The fundamental principles of the 
biological sciences; correlation of laboratory data with the underlying 
principles discussed in class. Origin and development, structures, 
functions, and interrelations of animal and plant life. 3 hours class 
work, 3 hours laboratory. 8 s. h. 

21-22 Vertebrate Zoology and Comparative Anatomy. The 
morphology, histology, physiology, development, and environmental 
adaptations of the vertebrates. Dissections for the purpose of dis- 
covering homologies and analogies. 2 hours class work, 4 hours lab- 
ratory. 8 s. h. 

24 Botany. A study of the scientific basis for identification 
and classification of the higher forms of plant life, chiefly the flower- 
ing plants. Observation of plants in the Southern Piedmont region 
during the spring. Collection, preservation, and notebook descrip- 
tions of families. Genera and species are made the process by which 
the student may develop independently an ability to recognize and 
name plants, and to use scientifically constructed guides to the plant 
kingdom. 2 hours class work, 2 hours laboratorv. 3 s. h. 

31 Bacteriology. Morphology, classification, physiology, and 
chemistry of bacteria, and introductory studies of disease and immun- 
ity. Laboratory work in the common bacteriological techniques: 
staining of bacteria, cultural methods, and the analysis of milk and 
water. Offered in alternate years; 2 hours class work, 4 hours labo- 
ratory work. 4 s. h. 

32 Physiology. Circulation, respiration, digestion, internal 
secretion, muscle physiology, reproduction, and other physiological 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 59 

processes of animals. Offered in alternate years; 2 hours class work, 
4 hours laboratory work. 4 s. h. 

41 Genetics. A general introductory course in studies in 
Heredity, Evolution, and Eugenics. Presented as a cultural and 
preparatory course for those wishing to pursue teaching, home making, 
practice of medicine and other related vocations. Given in 1938-39 
and in alternate years. 3 hours class work, 2 hours laboratory work. 
4 s. h. 

42 Embryology. The development of the tissues and organs 
of the frog and chick and some work with mammals. Offered in al- 
ternate years; 2 hours class work, 4 hours laboratory work. 4 s. h. 

44 Parasitology. Life histories of parasites with techniques of 
collecting and mounting them. 2 hours class work, 4 hours labora- 
tory work. 4 s. h. 

45 Materials and Methods of Teaching Biology. This course 
is designed to stress Nature study, cultures, preserving materials for 
class-work, arranging courses, and organized laboratory work. 4 s. h. 



DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 

MR. HOWELL 
MRS. HOWELL 
MR. STEWART 

The courses in Business Administration offer help to four 
kinds of students: 

First, to those who plan to be business men or women, 
the theory and practice of business are taught, so that grad- 
uates may be prepared for positions of responsibility, and for 
greater service to society. 

Second, to those who plan to teach, the courses specified 
by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction are 
offered to supply the requirements for the certification of 
commercial teachers. 

Third, to those who have not the time or the money for 
a four-year course, either a one-year or a two-year Secretarial 
course is available. Secretarial students must meet the same 



*Not offered in 1938-1939. 



60 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

entrance requirements as other students. A Secretarial Cer- 
tificate is awarded to those who meet certain proficiency 
standards. Only superior students are able to meet those re- 
quirements. Therefore, the two-year course is recommended 
for students of average ability. 

Fourth, to other students who wish to explore the eco- 
nomic structure of society, Business Administration courses 
are offered as electives. 

11-12 Principles of Economics. An introductory course to ac- 
quaint the student with the fundamental principles which underlie 
economic relations and activities. An analysis is made of production, 
consumption, exchange, and distribution. A brief survey of money, 
banking, and credit, the business cycle, business organization, monop- 
oly and trusts, labor problems, insurance, public finance, and econom- 
ic reforms. A combination of the lecture and case method will be 
used to relate practical situations to theory. 6 s. h. 

15 Economic Resources and Industry* This course presents 
an elementary survey of geographic and economic factors — soil, 
climate, power resources, raw materials, available markets, distribu- 
tion of population, etc. — which are essential to production and human 
welfare. Particular emphasis is placed upon the relation of these 
factors to industrial development, distribution and occupations. Fall 
Semester. 3 s. h. 

16 Business Organization and Prictice* The purpose of this 
course is to introduce the student to certain fundamental information 
regarding the characteristics, organization, operations, relative ad- 
vantages and disadvantages of sole proprietorships, partnerships, and 
corporations. Business transactions are studied with respect to their 
elementary legal and economic significance. Valuable information 
regarding the use of checks, notes, drafts, etc., in business transactions 
is obtained through business practice assignments. Spring Semester. 
3 s. h. 

21-22 Principles of Accounting. This course does not require 
a knowledge of bookkeeping. It deals with the proprietorship equa- 
tion, financial statements, the ledger and the trial balance, posting, 



*This course may not be counted as part of the 30 semester hours required 
for a major in Business Administration; it is, however, recommended for those 
anticipating further work in this department. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 61 

adjusting and closing entries, columnar records, controlling accounts, 
business forms and papers, notes and drafts, partnership accounting, 
classification of accounts, accrued and deferred items, corporation 
statements, elements of manufacturing accounts. Problems, practice 
sets, and lectures. Laboratory fee of $5.00 per semester. Not open 
to Freshmen. 3 hours class work, 3 hours laboratory. 6 s. h. 

25 Salesmanship. This course is a consideration of the broad 
field of personal selling. The steps in a sale, the psychology of the 
broad field of the personal selling process, knowledge of goods and 
of the market, selling to wholesalers and to retailers, and selling in 
the export trade, are some of the problems considered. Attention is 
given to sales methods, the relation of personal selling to advertising, 
sales management, the house policies, the selection, training, coopera- 
tion with, and supervision of salesmen, and the various methods of 
compensating salesmen. Prerequisite or Corequisite: Psychology 21. 
3 s. h. 

28 Credits and Collections. This is a consideration of the place 
of credit in the marketing structure. The economic basis of credit 
extension, the relation of credit to selling, methods of collecting and 
using credit information, credit bureaus, the use of trade acceptances, 
commercial paper, and collection letters, are investigated. Foreign 
credit problems, domestic business failures, bankruptcy and insolvency 
problems of manufacturers, wholesalers and retailers. Prerequisite: 
Bus. Adm. 11-12 or 21-22. Spring Semester. 3 s. h. 

31 Marketing. A study of the fundamental processes of the 
system of marketing. Nature and scope of marketing, the economics 
of marketing, marketing functions, types of middlemen, retail dis- 
tribution and marketing agencies, wholesale marketing of manufac- 
tured goods, aggressive marketing methods, marketing conveniences, 
shopping and speciality goods, marketing industrial goods, direct 
selling, the economics of advertising, problems of physical distribu- 
tion, finance and risk, standardization, and prices. Prerequisite: 
Bus. Adm. 11-12. Fall Semester. 3 s. h. 

32 Merchandising. This course sets forth the different mer- 
chandising policies. Methods and principles, with a discussion of 
terms and phraseology in general use, various methods of computing 
gross and net profits and turnover, effect of turnover on price, profits 
and merchandise investment, use and importance of budgetary control, 
control of inventories, monthly estimated net profit, and inventory 



62 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

statements. Also a brief survey of buying and stock-keeping records, 
comparative sales and expense records, methods of inventory, methods 
of inventory taking, and proper classification. Prerequisite: Bus. 
Adm. 11-12. Spring Semester. 3 s. h. 

33-34 Business Law. This course is designed to give the 
student an understanding of the main principles of law governing 
the daily conduct of business. A consideration of contracts, agency, 
partnerships, corporations, negotiable instruments, bankruptcy, sales, 
bailments, personal and real property relations. Prerequisite: Bus. 
Adm. 11-12 or Junior standing. 6 s. h. 

35-36 Advanced Accounting. Profits, analysis of statements, ad- 
vanced work in partnerships and corporations, agencies and branches, 
statements of affairs, realization and liquidation, good will, reserves, 
funds, consolidations, mergers, partnerships, liquidations, consolidat- 
ed balance sheets and profit and loss statements, reorganizations, 
foreign exchange, and insurance. Prerequisite: Business Adminis- 
tration 13-14. Laboratory fee of $5.00 per semester. 3 hours class 
work, 3 hours laboratory. 6 s. h. 

37 Cost Accounting. An introduction to cost accounting pro- 
cedure which includes basic cost terms; accounting for materials, 
labor, and burden; job-lot and process systems. A brief study is 
made of standard costs. Students visit industrial plants in order to 
gain practical information as to the problems involved. Prerequisite: 
Bus. Adm. 11-12 and 21-22. Open to Juniors and Seniors only. 
Fall Semester. 3 s. h. 

41 Corporation Finance. Development of corporate forms of 
business; its advantages and disadvantages; promotion; sources of 
capital; stock classifications and rights of stockholders; internal 
financial management; legal positions, receivership and reorganiza- 
tion. Prerequisite: Bus. Adm. 11-12 or 21-22. Open to Juniors and 
Seniors only. Fall Semester. 3 s. h. 

42 Money and Banking. A general survey of the modern 
financial system, including the principles and history of money and 
monetary standards; the principles and functions of banks and bank 
credit, commercial banks, investment banks, trust companies, the 
Federal Reserve System; a brief survey of the commercial banking 
systems of other countries. The relation of the business man and 
the banker. Prerequisite: Bus. Adm. 11-12. Open to Juniors and 
Seniors only. Spring Semester. 3 s. h. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 63 

43 Life Insurance. The purpose of this course is primarily to 
acquaint the general business student with the subject of life insurance, 
and, secondarily, to provide a foundation course for those intending 
to enter the insurance business. The topics include: the use of life 
insurance for protection and investment; the selection and treatment 
of risks; the policies and options offered, life insurance programs; 
rate-making; mutual, stock, legal requirements; and company organi- 
zation. Prerequisite: Business Adm. 11-12. Fall Semester. 3 s. h. 

44 Auditing. This course deals with the duties of the auditor; 
the problems involved in detailed and balance sheet audits, special 
investigation, and preparation of reports. Prerequisite: Bus. Adm. 
11-12 and 21-22. Open to Juniors and Seniors only. Spring 
Semester. 3 s. h. 

45 Materials and Methods. This course is to assist students 
who desire Grade "A" Teaching Certificates in the commercial field. 
Open to Juniors and Seniors. Spring Semester. 3 s. h. 

48 Labor Problems. Causes of industrial unrest and other 
labor problems, the reactions of various groups to these conditions, 
and recent labor tendencies, are discussed. Special emphasis is given 
to the American labor movements, their objects, tactics, and accom- 
plishments. Open only to Juniors and Seniors. Spring Semester. 
3 s. h. 

Secretarial Courses 

5 Penmanship. This course is optional, but is recommended 
for those students who have never had a course in penmanship, and 
also for those who write with a laborious and cramped style. It is 
designed to teach the fundamentals of correct posture and to develop 
a fluent, rapid, and legible handwriting. Fall Semester. 3 hours per 
week. 

7 Business Arithmetic. This is a brief elementary course in 
business arithmetic, which reveals short-cuts and helpful suggestions 
for speed in computations. Major emphasis is placed upon develop- 
ing proficiency in those problems frequently met by secretaries and 
office workers; such as problems in billing and pay rolls, interest, 
trade discounts, bank discounts, profit and loss, and price marking. 
Fall Semester. 3 hours per week. 

8 Secretarial Practice. This course acquaints the student, 
through actual laboratory experience, with the major and minor 



64 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

activities and duties of the secretary. It is designed to bring into the 
classroom, as much as possible, the office atmosphere. Filing, index- 
ing, mailing procedures, transcription methods, and financial duties 
are emphasized. Spring Semester. 3 hours per week, with additional 
laboratory hours. 

11 Business English. The purpose of this course is to give 
the basic elements and principles of good practical English, as adapted 
to the usages of modern business. The topics discussed, besides a 
thorough review of grammar, are letter planning and organization; 
effective letter layout; credits, collections, and adjustments; selling 
by mail; job-hunting by mail; fact writing — reports and memoran- 
dums; basic advertising. Fall Semester. 3 hours per week. 

12 Bookkeeping and Accounting. This elementary course ac- 
quaints students with present day methods of keeping and interpreting 
business records and reports. In addition to the regular bookkeeping 
cycle, special journals, notes, interest, discount, deferred charges, 
reserves, and columnar records, are studied. 

13-14 Shorthand.* Fundamental principles of Gregg Short- 
hand with special emphasis on accuracy and speed. Practice work 
in dictation and transcription. In the spring semester intensive work 
is done in dictation and transcription. 6 hours per week throughout 
the year. 

15-16 Typewriting* The course in touch typewriting includes 
a speed-building program, which develops a high degree of skill. 
Five hours of class instruction, and six hours of laboratory work, 
each week throughout the year. 

18 Office Management. This course is for students who desire 
teacher's certificates in the commercial field. 

21-22 Advanced Dictation. A second-year course in shorthand, 
consisting of rapid dictation and rapid transcription. Training in the 
editing duty of the private secretary is a part of this course. Effective 
English is stressed, as well as the art of completing transcripts with 
dispatch. 3 hours per week. 



*Business 13, 14 and 15, 16 taken together by a Junior or Senior majoring 
in Business Administration may count for six semester-hours, but this credit 
will not be certified on the student's record until all other semester-hour require- 
ments are completed. 

NOTE — Nine semester hours credit will be allowed upon the satisfactory 
completion of the one-year Secretarial course. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 65 

DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY 

MR. BRANNOCK 

Since matter is one of the two fundamental entities of the 
universe, chemistry is one of the fundamental sciences. Hence 
it is advantageous for those working in any field of science to 
study chemistry. 

The field of chemistry is broad and practical. There is 
no great industry which does not make use of some chemical 
principles. Chemistry is recommended to those who plan to 
enter the special fields of astronomy, geology, biology, med- 
icine, dentistry, pharmacy, nursing, home economics, agri- 
culture, or engineering. Aside from its vocational values, 
chemistry is also recognized as an important part of a general 
education. 

11-12 General Chemistry. Fundamental principles of inor- 
ganic, physical, and experimental chemistry. Each student is required 
to keep a note book in which he must record his experimental work. 
3 hours class work, 3 hours laboratory. 8 s. h. 

21-22 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry and Qualitative Analysis. 
The kinetic-molecular hypothesis, solutions, electrolysis, the chemical 
behavior of ionic substances, chemical equilibrium, and electro-motive 
chemistry. 3 hours class work, 3 hours laboratory work. 8 s. h. 

31-32 Organic Chemistry. Organic compounds, including the 
aliphatic and the aromatic series : hydrocarbons of the methane series, 
alcohols, organic acids, ethers, anhydrides, esters, aldehydes, ketones, 
amines, amides, halogen compounds, cyanogen, carbonhydrates, cylic 
hydrocarbons, dyes, and proteins. The laboratory work consists not 
only in the methods of preparation and purification of compounds, 
but also in methods of arriving at their structures. 3 hours class 
work, 3 hours laboratory. 8 s. h. 

41-42 Quantitative Analysis. Chiefly laboratory work in sim- 
ple introductory determinations in gravimetric and volumetric methods 
of analysis. Pure salts of known composition are first analyzed, fol- 
lowed by unknown specimens consiting of pure salts or mixtures of 
pure salts. 1 hour class work, 6 hours laboratory. 8 s. h. 



66 ELQN COLLEGE BULLETIN 

45-46 Materials and Methods of Teaching High School Chem- 
istry. The main purpose of this course is to present the modern 
theory and methods of teaching chemistry in secondary schools. 
6 s. h. 

47-48 Physical Chemistry. Problems in the gaseous, liquid, 
and solid states; solutions; the phrase rule, thermo-chmeistry; chemi- 
cal change; and electro-chemistry. 3 hours class work. 6 s. h. 

51-52 Physiological Chemistry. Enzymes, carbonhydrates, fats, 
proteins, digestion, blood and lymph, respiration and acidosis, metab- 
olism, and accessory foods. 1 hour class work, 6 hours laboratory. 
8 s. h. 

53-54 Industrial Chemistry. Water, fuels, destructive distilla- 
tion, alkalies and hydrochloric acid, iron and steel, packing house 
industries, cottonseed oil products, leather, soap, cement, paper, paints, 
and clay products. 3 hours class work. 6 s. h. 



DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 

MR. MESSICK 
MR. BEECHER 
MR. TERRELL 

The functions of the Department of Education are: 

First, to guide students in acquiring a background in the 
history and philosophy of education, so that they may under- 
stand the basis upon which modern progressive trends in 
education are built. 

Second, to inspire students with the ideal that the purpose 
of all education is that one may learn to live a better life, 
that school is life, and that the proper methods of teaching 
are those which begin with the life situations of the child 
and are built upon them. 

Third, to instruct students in the principles and tech- 
niques of teaching so that they may know and understand the 
proper procedures of instruction. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 67 

Professional Requirements for North Carolina Teaching 
Certificates 
High School. — High School Teachers' Certificates, Class 
A, represent graduation from standard four-year colleges. 
These certificates are issued on the basis of transcripts of col- 
lege records which show the professional credit and specialized 
work hereinafter described for each certificate. Each appli- 
cant should meet the requirements in two or more teaching 
fields. The subjects for which certificate is granted will ap- 
pear on the face of the certificate. 

First. The professional requirements common to all cer- 
tificates are: 

1. Educational Psychology, 2 s. h. 

2. Principles of High School Teaching, or 
Problems in Secondary Education, 2 s. h. 

3. Materials and Methods (required in one subject only), 2 s. h. 
*4. Directed Teaching (one or both fields), 3 s. h. 

5. Electives, 9 s. h. 

Note: In Directed Teaching one should have not fewer than 
thirty hours of actual class teaching or should teach not fewer than 
thirty full class exercises. Thirty hours of observation must precede 
teaching. 

Second. Subject-matter requirements for the teaching of 
any subject are: 

1. For English, at least 24 s. h., including Grammar, Composi- 
tion and Rhetoric, and American Literature. 

2. For French, at least 18 s. h. This is based on two units of 
entrance credit. If no entrance credit is presented, the applicant must 
have 24 semester hours. The requirements for any other modern 
foreign language will be the same. 

3. For History, at least 24 s. h., including Ancient and Medieval, 
Modern European, United States, to total at least 12 s. h. ; Political 



*If all requirements except Directed Teaching are met, the Class A Cer- 
tificate will be issued after the applicant shall have had one year of successful 
teaching experience. It is understood that this teaching will be done under the 
joint supervision of the Head of the Education Department of the institution 
from which the student has been graduated and the superintendent of the school 
in which the applicant is teaching. 



68 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

Science or Government, at least 3 s. h.; elective from Economics, So- 
ciology, N. C. History, or the above, 9 s. h. 

4. For Mathematics, at least 15 s. h. 

5. For Science, at least 30 s. h., including Biology, Chemistry, 
Physics, and Geography or Geology. A certificate to teach any one 
science, e. g., Biology, may be secured by presenting credit for a mini- 
mum of 30 s. h. in Science, including a major in the particular 
science in which the certificate is desired. 

6. For Commerce, at least 36 s. h., including Stenography, Type- 
writing, Bookkeeping, and Office Management. 

7. For Public School Music, at least 30 s. h., including 3 s. h. 
in Voice. 

8. For Physical Education, at least 30 s. h. 

9. For Home Economics, at least 45 s. h., including 6 s. h. of 
Chemistry, 6 of Physiology and Bacteriology, 2 of Physics, 3 of Art, 
8 of Foods, 8 of Clothing, 6 of Management (Home Management, 
Home Management Residence, Economics of the Home), 6 of Family 
(Child Development, Family and Social Relationships, Health and 
Home Nursing). 

A certificate to teach Foods only will be issued if appli- 
cant has credit for 18 semester-hours in Food and has met all 
requirements for the Home Economics Certificate except in 
Art and Design and Clothing. A certificate to teach Clothing 
only will be issued if applicant has credit for 15 semester- 
hours in Clothing and has met all requirements for the Home 
Economics Certificate except that in Foods. 

Grammar Grade. — Grammar Grade Teachers' Certifi- 
cates, Class A, represent graduation from a standard four-year 
college, or the equivalent, embracing not less than 120 semes- 
ter-hours. As a part of the work, or in addition to it, the 
applicant shall have the following: 

1. English, 12 s. h., including six semester hours of Composition, 
two of Children's Literature. 

2. American History and Citizenship, 6 s. h. 

3. Geography, including nature study, 6 s. h. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 6P 

4. Fine and Industrial Arts, 9 s. h., including Drawing, Indus- 
trial Arts, and Music. 

5. Physical and Health Education, 6 s. h., including two semester 
hours each of Physical Education, Hygiene, and Health Education. 

6. Education, 21 s. h., including Grammar Grade Methods 
(Reading, Language, Arithmetic, Social Science), Classroom Manage- 
ment, Child Study, Educational Psychology, Educational Measure- 
ments, and Directed Teaching. 

Primary. — Primary Teachers' Certificates, Class A, repre- 
sent graduation from a standard four-year college, or the 
equivalent, embracing not less than 120 semester-hours. As 
a part of the work, or in addition to it, the applicant shall 
have the following: 

1. English, 12 s. h., including six semester hours of composition, 
two of Children's Literature. 

2. American History and Citizenship, 6 s. h. 

3. Geography, including Nature Study, 6 s. h. 

4. Fine and Industrial Arts, 9 s. h., including Drawing, Indus- 
trial Arts, and Music. 

5. Physical and Health Education, 6 s. h. including 2 s. h. each 
of Physical Education, Hygiene, and Health Education. 

6. Education, 21 s. h., including Primary Methods (Reading, 
Language, Numbers), Classroom Management, Child Study, Educa- 
tional Psychology, and Directed Teaching. 

Before any certificate will be issued for teaching in the 
elementary schools, the records from the institution in which 
the applicant received his training must show that he has 
reached a satisfactory stage of proficiency in Spelling and 
Penmanship. This certification will be made by the institu- 
tion and will appear on the record. 

General Education Courses 

21-22 Elementary Methods. This course works on problems 
involved in planning and carrying out learning programs in each 
grade of the elementary school. A review of experimental practice 
and recent educational trends is made the basis for building programs 
to meet the needs and to develop the curriculum of the modern Pri- 
mary and Grammar grade school. Fall Semester. 3 s. h. 



70 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

23 Classroom Management. To acquaint the student teacher 
with methods of organization and procedure in the guidance of stu- 
dent activity. Principles of directed conduct, integrated unit pro- 
grams, and other essential features. Spring Semester. 3 s. h. 

32 Educational Measurements. Philosophy of the testing pro- 
gram through acquaintance with objective tests, their formulation, 
giving, and interpretation. Actual testing programs are set up and 
a knowledge of statistical procedures is acquired, from the mode 
through correlation so that test results may provide a basis for student 
guidance. Fall Semester. 3 s. h. 

36 Curriculum. This course is designed to acquaint students 
with a comprehensive view of the basic considerations involved in 
determining the content and organization of curricula for elementary 
and secondary schools. A survey of modern practices in curriculum 
offerings, trends and construction, and emphasis on pertinent en- 
vironmental possibilities will be stressed. 3 s. h. 

43 History of Education. Special emphasis is placed upon edu- 
cation in the United States, with particular attention to educational 
leaders and progressive programs. The progress of elementary, secon- 
dary, higher, and adult education is studied in detail, with European 
and later American influences as backgrounds. 3 s. h. 

44 The Philosophy of Education. This course acquaints stu- 
dents with the underlying principles of educational theories; the 
solution of educational problems; the development of democratic con- 
ceptions underlying an educational program; and the social, moral; 
and cultural implications of the development of personality. 3 s. h. 

45 Materials and Methods for High School Teachers. See 
specific departments for description. 

47 Principles of High School Teaching. To guide the prospec- 
tive teacher in the principles of learning ; to acquaint him with modern 
procedures of school programs; and to give him an underlying phi- 
losophy of student attitudes and needs so that he may know how to 
guide the pupil properly in his activities. 3 s. h. 

48 Character Education. This course shows how the home, the 
school, the church, the community, and other agencies function as 
units, and as cooperative agencies in a combined effort to guide boys 
and girls in ways of wholesome and happy living. 3 s. h. 

51, 52, 53, 54, 55 or 56 Observation and Directed Teaching. 
Both observation and directed-teaching are done under close coopera- 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 71 

tion with the public school teachers and principal. The student 
teacher must observe and teach at least 60 hours in the subject of his 
major field. He is required to analyze teaching problems in written 
reports of his observations, and to make careful teaching plans in 
frequent conferences with the supervising classroow teacher and with 
the College supervisor of directed-teaching. Fall or Spring Smester. 
3 s. h. 

57-58 Diverted Methods in Teaching. This course gives all 
who are doing directed teaching an opportunity to work together on 
teaching problems as they occur in the real situations of the Elon 
College Public School. The course is in the nature of a workshop for 
directing attention to tools, equipment, books, and materials needed in 
carrying out a teaching program at the school, and to enable the 
student teacher to gain first-hand experience in supplementing class- 
room routines with facilities for active learning. Through group 
discussions student teachers piece together the teaching problems o/ 
the whole school and see their own individual classroom problems in 
relation to those of other teachers. Fall or Spring Semester. 3 s. h. 

Extension Courses. — In cooperation with the Superinten- 
dents of the Alamance County Schools and the City of Burl- 
ington Schools, Elon College is carrying out extension work 
for in-service teachers. This work is a part of the program 
of the College to prepare teachers to face the practical prob- 
lems of public school teaching and to share in the broader 
development of modern teaching methods. 

Directed Teaching. — It is the philosophy of the College 
to offer the student opportunities in all departments for self- 
development in thinking and in character. The Department 
of Education uses the local public schools as a place where 
educational problems may be seen as realities. Close cooper- 
ation between the public school and the Department of Edu- 
cation makes possible the opportunity for student teachers to 
study Education through a real school situation. The public 
school teachers and principal help supervise directed-teaching, 
and the student teachers enter actively into the life of the 
school, contributing their efforts under College guidance to 



72 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

further the development of the school, as well as to use the 
school classrooms as a training ground. 

The College looks upon directed-teaching as a serious 
responsibility in training for a profession, and requires careful 
preparation in subject-matter and theory of education along 
with high standards in directed-teaching. All the facilities 
of the college library, laboratories, studios, workshop, special 
classes and seminars dealing with the methods, materials and 
planning of school programs are available to make directed- 
teaching an experience in the application of the modern pro- 
gressive philosophy of education to a teaching situation. Those 
who expect to enter educational work should consult the head 
of the Department of Education before taking any course. 

Summer Sessions. — Two six-weeks terms are conducted 
for students who wish to earn credit toward a B. A. degree, 
and for teachers in service. 



DEPARTMENT OF ENGLISH 

MR. COLLINS 
MR. BARNEY 

The function of courses in the field of English is three- 
fold: 

First, to give ample opportunities for oral expression of 
ideas and feelings. To this end the Freshman and Sophomore 
courses employ group discussion as the chief method of ap- 
proaching subject-matter. Advanced courses in Dramatic 
Literature, American Literature, Shakespeare, Argumentation 
and Debate, and Modern Literature, offer abundant oppor- 
tunity for oral expression and interpretation. 

Second, to give directed opportunities for development in 
the universally necessary craft of writing. Expression in writ- 
ten language should be both practical and creative. The 
Freshman and Sophomore courses contain opportunities for 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 73 

both kinds of expression, while on the Junior-Senior level the 
course in Journalism specializes in direct writing, and the 
courses in Dramatic Literature and Modern Literature em- 
phasize a more purely creative approach. Grammar and 
"Correct English" are treated as a means to a more complete 
expression rather than as an end in themselves. Through the 
required courses for Freshmen and Sophomores an attempt is 
made, moreover, to produce a uniform excellence in the use 
of written English as a tool for all other studies. 

Third, to give to students, through their extensive reading 
and discussion, a firm grasp of the aesthetic and social im- 
plications of literature and language. The Freshman course 
is primarily an introduction to American culture, the Soph- 
omore course discovers English culture, and the advanced 
courses deal with other phases of culture in relation to groups 
of mankind, past and present. 

11-12 Freshman English. An orientation in American culture. 
Extensive readings in American literature, with oral and written dis- 
cussions which involve practice in grammar and correct Englsh. The 
organization of these materials is by such topics as The Frontier, 
Democratic Impulses, The European Background, Science and the 
Industrial Revolution, and the Puritan Complex. 6 s. h. 

21-22 Sophomore English. A study of the English people and 
their literature. The materials are read not as belles-lettres but as 
artistic expressions of the growth of English ideals for ten centuries. 
A history of the English language is an integral part of the course. 
The organization is chronological, with emphasis upon periods in 
which English culture flowered. 6 s. h. 

24 Children's Literature. The study of children's language 
as a basis for the selection and production of reading or story ma- 
terials for children in the primary and elementary schools. With a 
knowledge of children's uses of language in mind, the student writes 
stories or study materials which will be suited in style and content to 
the demands of the modern school for programs related directly tc* 
the child's experiences in living. Examination is made of the field 
of children's literature and folk literature to discover reading matter 
which satisfies modern educational requirements and to find sources 
for the production of new materials. No credit on major. 3 s. h. 



74 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

33-34 Shakespeare. Workshop productions on an Elizabethan 
stage of at least fifteen complete plays by Shakespeare and his fellow 
dramatists, and the public production of one of these plays. The 
student's experience of Shakespeare is direct and active rather than 
merely receptive through lectures and silent readings. The production 
of each play is preceded by study of the essential facts about the play 
and its production, and is followed by a critical discussion of the 
characters and of the dramatic values of Shakespeare's work. 6 s. h. 

35-36 Argumentation and Debate. Classroom practice and 
training in various branches of speech. Formal and informal debate 
and argumentation, formulating group opinion, after-dinner speaking, 
oratory, and discussion leadership. 6 s. h. 

37-38 Dramatic Literature. Readings in the drama from 
Ibsen to contemporary dramatists, with the parallel composition of 
original plays by the class. All plays studied, whether professional 
or original, are given workshop production in the Little Theatre, and 
several of these plays are produced for the public during the year. 
The course thus covers many phases of the modem theatre: play- 
writing, acting, directing, staging, costuming, and make-up. 6 s. h. 

41-42 American Literature. For students who wish an ad- 
vanced understanding of American culture, for students who plan 
to teach, and for those above the sophomore level who have trans- 
ferred from other colleges. 6 s. h. 

45-46 Materials and Methods of Teaching High School Eng- 
lish. Materials for teaching literature and language are explored 
and evaluated, and problems of teaching English are discussed in 
relation to the student's experience of directed teaching. 6 s. h. 

49 Modern Literature. Readings in contemporary English and 
American literature, with parallel work in creative writing. The best 
of these compositions are printed in the Spring number of "Elon 
Colonnades." The writing and readings are accompanied by discus- 
sion of modern social and psychological theories and practices with 
an attempt to help the student to find his place in the modern world 
of ideas and feelings. 3 s. h. 

61-62 Journalism. This course demands the cultivation of 
curiosity and resourcefulness, the formation of direct style of writing, 
an understanding of public opinion and newspaper policy, and a 
working knowledge of modern printing. These assets are acquired 
through the writing, editing, and printing of the college newspaper, 
"Maroon and Gold." 6 s. h. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 75 

DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY AND GEOLOGY 

MISS OXFORD 
MR. BEECHER 

21 Principles of Geography. A study of the principles and the 
major geographical factors in determining the distribution of popula- 
tion, occupations, and modes of life. The effects of climatic and 
economic conditions on the peoples of the world will be stressed. 
Practical work in the study of maps and reports will be included in 
the course. Fall Semester. 3 s. h. 

22 Geography of North America. A study of the geographical 
regions of the continent, climate, industries, natural resources, and 
the human responses to the geographic conditions; the growth of 
cities, development of trade and the geographical influences in the 
development of the United States. Spring Semester. 3 s. h. 

32 Geology. This course deals with Physical and Dynamical 
Geology. Laboratory work consists of frequent field excursions and 
a study of the common minerals and rocks, map interpretations, and 
geological folios. Lectures and recitations three hours a week, two 
hours devoted to laboratory work. Spring Semester. 3 s. h. 



DEPARTMENT OF GREEK 

MR. NEWMAN 

Ancient Greek is a cultural language. It supplies a depth 
of background for the modern cultural languages. Students 
majoring in Religion are expected to take New Testament 
Greek. 

31-32 Elementary Greek. Mastery of declensions and conju- 
gations, synopsis of verbs, word analysis, derivation and composition, 
and simpler principles. Drill in pronunciation by reading Greek 
aloud. Xenophon, Book I. 6 s. h. 

33-34 Greek Plato and Herodotus. Grammar, Composition. 
6 s. h. 

41-42 Greek Drama. Composition, Grmmar. 6 s. h. 

43-44 Greek Literature. 6 s. h. 

45-46 Greek New Testament. The study of the grammar of 
New Testament Greek. Readings in the New Testament. Problems 
and methods of exegesis. Textual problems. 6 s. h. 



76 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

DEPARTMENT OF HISTORY 

MR. DICKINSON 

In the Department of History, raw historical material is 
not memorized aimlessly, but is evaluated, criticized and or- 
ganized in such fashion as to illuminate the minds of students 
with respect to the nature of the past and the manner in 
which the past has produced the present. One of the chief 
contributions which history may make is the working toward 
a better understanding of the modern age. 

11-12 The Establishment and Development of the American 
Nation. A survey of the European background of American history; 
the English settlements, their developments and their experiences with 
the colonial system seeking to protect and control them; the revolt, 
union, and organization of the United States; the struggle for Ameri- 
can Neutrality; the development of national parties; the problems of 
territorial expansion; the War between the States; Reconstruction, 
North and South; the agrarian movement; financial questions; re- 
form; relations of government and business; and expansion overseas. 
Special emphasis upon bibliography. 6 s. h. 

21-22 The Establishment and Development of tlie English 
Nation. 400 A. D. to the present. Primitive beginnings in Britain, the 
Germanic invasions, the Norman conquest, the development of Parlia- 
ment, the Hundred Years' War, the foundation of the Tudor Mon- 
archy, James and the divine right of kings, revolt, the Republican 
experiment in England, Restoration, revolution of 1688, the rise of the 
cabinet, constitutional development and loss of first colonial empire, 
foundation of Modern Empire, the World War, and Simpson crisis, 
George VI. Emphasis is placed upon legal and constitutional de- 
velopment, and hence the course is recommended for students planning 
to study law. 

24 The Evolution of the Commonwealth of North Carolina. 
A survey of the state from its origins to the present; its place in the 
history of the United States as a whole, in colonial times, during the 
Revolution, Federalism, Democracy, contributions to the Western 
Movement, attitude toward nullification and secession, the Civil War, 
reconstruction, big business and the New Deal. 3 s. h. 

31-32 Ancient and Medieval History. A brief survey of an- 
cient history from the rise of civilization in Egypt and Babylonia to 
the close of the second century, A. D. Emphasis is placed upon the 
history of Greece and Rome, the evolution of government, and the 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 77 

progress of art, science, and philosophy. Fall Semester. 3 s. h. 
A survey of European history from the disintegration of the Roman 
Empire to the Renaissance. Emphasis is placed on the causes of 
Rome's decline, the origin and growth of the church, feudal and 
manorial society, intellectual interest, the place of the Empire and 
the rise of national monarchy in France and England. Spring 
Semester. 3 s. h. 

33-34 Modern European History. 1500 A. D. to the Present. 
The Renaissance, the Reformation, the "Commercial Revolution," the 
rise of the national state, dynastic and colonial rivalries, the "Intel- 
lectual Revolution," the progress of nationalism, the "Industrial Rev- 
olution," and the diplomatic background of the World War. 6 s. h. 

43 The Economic History of Modern Europe. The economic 
development of Europe from the earliest times; primitive economy, 
Greece, Rome, the guilds, mercantilism, money, banking, the com- 
mercial revolution, the industrial upheaveal, the rise of modern 
capitalism, and the historical backgrounds of present economic prob- 
lems. Offered in alternate years. 3 s. h. 

44 The Economic History of the United States. The agri- 
cultural, commercial, and financial progress of the United States from 
colonial times to the present. The development of mass production, 
business cycles and panics, rise of the great American fortunes, and 
the relationship between government and business. Offered in alter- 
nate years. 3 s. h. 

45 Methods and Materials in Teaching High School History. 
Modern trends in the teaching of history and its place in education; 
the construction of courses and methods of integrating history with 
other fields; teaching procedures, materials, and aids for study; pro- 
lans of evaluating, organizing, and using such materials as maps, 
pictures, textbooks, reference books, biographical materials, radio, 
and motion pictures. Offered in alternate years. 3 s. h. 

48 American Government and Politics. A general survey of 
national, state, and local governments. 3 s. h. 



DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS 

MR. WICKER 

The Department of Mathematics offers in Freshman and 
Sophomore years, work which introduces the student to prin- 
ciples of mathematical reasoning. In advanced courses, in- 
tended primarily for those going into the engineering or 



78 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

teaching professions, a solid groundwork is offered in the 
fields of Calculus and Applied Mathematics. Emphasis is 
constantly placed upon the value of scientific reasoning in ap- 
proaching any problem. 

11 -A College Algebra. A fundamental principle of the ele- 
mentary algebra, followed by a careful study of quadratic equations, 
ratio and proportion, variation, series, binomial formula, logarithms, 
determinants and the theory of equations. Open to Freshmen not 
majoring in Mathematics. 3 s. h. 

11-B College Algebra. This course is more advanced than the 
preceding one. It covers a rapid review of the fundamentals of 
algebra, followed by a thorough study of quadratic equations, ratio 
and proportion, variation, series, binomial formula, logarithms, de- 
terminants, and the theory of equations. 3 s. h. 

12 Trigonometry. The solution of right and oblique triangles 
both with and without logarithms; trigonometric identities and trigono- 
metric equations ; line functions and graphic representations. 3 hours 
class work, and 2 hours of problem period. 6 s. h. 

21-22 An Introductory to Calculus. Treatment of the straight 
line, the circle and other conic sections, special plane curves and 
transformation of coordinates. A study of differential calculus, dif- 
ferentiation of functions with simple applications to the derivative of 
rates, length of tangents, normals, and similar topics. Prerequisite: 
Mathematics 11-12. 6 s. h. 

31 Differential Calculus. A study of differentiation of func- 
tions, with applications of the derivatives to rates, length of tangents, 
normals, and other topics; the subjects of maxima and minima, 
curvature, rates and envelopes; drill on curve tracing. 3 s. h. 

32 Integral Calculus. Integration: The constant of integra- 
tion, the definite integral; drill on the methods of integration. The 
object is to enable the student to investigate without having to rely 
on any tables or set rules, and after having learned the principles of 
integration, to apply them to such subjects as areas, lengths of curves, 
volumes of solids or revolution, and areas of surfaces of revolution. 
Prerequisite: Mathematics 21-22. 3 s. h. 

41 Differential Equations. Ordinary and the partial differen- 
tial equations, the theory of integration of such equations as admit 
of a known transformation group, and the classic methods of integra- 
tion compared with those which flow from the theory of continuous 
group. 3 s. h. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 79 

42 Applied Calculus. Differential equations continued, and 
calculus applied to mechanics and to engineering problems. 3 s. h. 

45 Materials and Methods in the Teaching of Mathematics. 
Methods of presenting the different branches of mathematics to the 
pupil in secondary schools. Offered in alternate years. 3 s. h. 

47 History of Mathematics. The field of mathematics from 
earliest times to the present. This course is designed for those who 
plan to teach mathematics. 3 s. h. 

Applied Mathematics 

13-14 Engineering Drawing. This course provides a basic 
treatment of modern conventions, theory and practice of Engineering 
Drawing. Instruction is given in the care and use of instruments, 
drawing materials and scales, methods of procedure in drawing, free- 
hand lettering, geometric drawing, orthographic projection, working 
drawings, tracing, and blue printing. Prerequisite : Plane Geometry. 
No credit on major. 6 s. h. 

23-24 Engineering Drawing. Engineering lettering with copy 
books, detail of machine parts, assembly drawings; systems of dimen- 
sioning, bills of material, conventions, titles, pipes, piping systems; 
elements of machine design, gears, worms, screws, nuts and bolts. No 
credit on major. 6 s. h. 

51-52 Surveying. The study of the theory and uses and ad- 
justments of the compass, level, transit, and stadia; the computations 
of Surveying. Numerous surveys are made, and the student is re- 
quired to make all of the plots and calculations. Methods and proper 
conduct of land, mine, city, topographic, and hydrographic surveying. 
Prerequisites: Mathematics 11-12 and Engineering Drawing 13-14. 
2 hours class work, 4 hours field work. 6 s. h. 



DEPARTMENT OF MODERN LANGUAGES 

The work in French and German is designed to give to 
the students an appreciation of the manners and customs of 
these peoples, their background and language, and to provide 
suitable material for those who desire to teach these languages 
in secondary schools. 



80 ELQN COLLEGE BULLETIN 

I — French 

MR. CLARKE 

7-8 Elementary French. Elements of grammar, composition, 
pronunciation, dictation and oral practice. Readings in modern 
French literature. No credit. 

11-12 Intermediary French. Review of grammar, composition, 
oral practice. Modern French short story, novel and drama. 6 s. h. 

21-22 French Romantic Literature. Literature, composition, 
oral practice, conversation and readings. Examples from the Ro- 
mantic period of short story, novel, drama, and poetry. 6 s. h. 

31-32 French Classical and Contemporary Literature. Re- 
ports, lectures, and readings from drama, novel, and poetry. 6 s. h. 

41-42 Eighteenth Century French Literature. Historical back- 
ground, reports, lectures, readings. 6 s. h. 

45 Materials and Methods in the Teaching of High School 
French. To the student who is preparing to teach French, this course 
offers materials and methods for classroom instruction. Offered in 
alternate years. 3 s. h. 

II— German 

MR. CLARKE 
MR. FRENCH 

11-12 Elementary German. An introductory course, including 
thorough study of declensions, conjugations, and the rules of grammar. 
Regular exercises in composition and prose translation. 6 s. h. 

21-22 German Literature. This course is devoted to a rapid 
reading of the various types of German literature, to the styles of 
different authors, and to the study of drama. 6 s. h. 



DEPARTMENT OF PHILOSOPHY AND RELIGION 

MR. NEWMAN 
MR. BOWDEN 
MR. FRENCH 

The Department of Philosophy and Religion seeks to 
communicate to the students the heritage of the past, and to 
equip them with the stimulus to achieve an intelligent inter- 
pretation of that heritage for present and future ends. Students 
achieve a vital and constructive attitude toward life through 
historical and critical study of philosophical and religious lit- 
erature. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 81 

The fundamental doctrines of Christianity, as found in 
the teachings of Jesus, are interpreted as having real meaning 
for the present age of scientific progress and discovery. 

In addition to preparing students for effective participa- 
tion in general Christian service and in wholesome living, the 
function of this department is to prepare a select group of 
young men and young women for graduate training, that they 
may become intelligent teachers and Christian ministers. 

Philosophy 

31-32 Introduction to Philosophy. An introductory study of 
the basic philosophical problems: What is reality? What is the 
basis for values? What is consciousness? Is knowledge possible? 
How distinguish truth from error? Is the world a machine? Has 
the world a purpose? What are the relations of religion and science 
to life? 6 s. h. 

35 Logic. The conditions under which thinking proceeds; the 
elements of formal logic, induction, and scientific method. Offered in 
alternate years. 3 s. h. 

36 Ethics. A study of the early beginnings and growth of 
morality, the development of customs and social organization, the 
psychological aspects of morality, some modern systems of ethics, and 
the application of ethical theory to some modern world-problems. 
Offered in alternate years. 3 s. h. 

41-42 The History of Philosophy. The history of philosophy 
from early Greek to nineteenth-century German philosophy, including 
the pre-Socratic philosophers, the Sophists, Plato, Aristotle, Early 
Christian and Scholastic philosophies, seventeenth-century Rational- 
ists, English Empiricists, Kant, Hegel, and subsequent German Ideal- 
ism. Students read from original sources and from modern commen- 
tators. Offered in alternate years. 6 s. h. 

Religion 

11-12 Survey of the Bible. A historical account of the rise of 
Hebrew and Jewish religious literature, the Christian Church and its 
literature, and the situations which produced the various documents 
and books of the Bible. 6 s. h. 

21-22 New Testament History and Literature. A brief survey 
of the religious experiences of the Hebrew prophets; the social, re- 



82 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

ligious, and political situation in Palestine; the historical bases for 
our knowledge of the religious experience, character, teaching, and 
dynamic faith of Jesus; the impact of his life and teaching; the de- 
velopment of the Christian Church in Palestine, and its spread from 
Jerusalem to Rome. 6 s. h. 

31-32 Old Testament History and Literature. The historical 
development of the literature of the Old Testament; the early poems, 
narratives, and laws, the growth of the Hebrew monarchy; and the 
ethical, political, and religious contributions of the literary prophets. 
Further extensive reading in the Psalms, Wisdom Literature, and 
Apocalyptic material. 6 s. h. 

33-34 Philosophy of Religion* The origin and development 
of religious belief from primitive times to the present day, including a 
survey of the classical religions — Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucian- 
ism, Mohammedanism, Judaism — and a detailed history of Chris- 
tianity. The influence of scientific inquiry, Biblical criticism and 
modern psychology upon religious belief; the development of a con- 
structive philosophy of religion and of life; and the problems of 
religious belief in a scientific age. 6 s. h. 

41-42 Bible Seminar. Special research in some fields of Old 
and New Testament study, such as archaeology, hexateuchal synopsis, 
the law codes of the Old Testament, Hellenic Judaism, St. Paul and 
the Messianic consciousness of Jesus. Offered in alternate years. 
6 s. h. 

43-44 Seminar in Religion and Modern Social Problems. The 
basic social problems viewed in the light of their religious, ethical, and 
social implications. Each student pursues one or more projects of 
research into some particular social situation. Brief reports on the 
social implications of outstanding current events. 

*NOTE — Students wishing a major in Philosophy are given full credit 
for this course under the head of Philosophy. 



DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICS 

MR. HOOK 

Physics is one of the important divisions of human knowl- 
edge. Its purpose is to describe as accurately and clearly as 
possible the physical processes which go on in the universe 
around us. Wherever a transfer of energy is involved, the 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 83 

principles of physics are used. This may occur in the spin 
of the atom or in the movement of a giant liner; the flight 
of an alpha particle or the creation of a galaxy. Physics is a 
tool course for other sciences. The fundamental phenomena 
of physics are approached from a combination of two points 
of view: the purely physical, in which the mind paints a 
picture of what is happening; and second, the mathematical 
and analytical, in which a mental picture is expressed by 
means of mathematical symbols. 

In the first courses of the physical sciences special empha- 
sis is placed on the development of the scientific attitude. 

11-12 Survey of Physical Sciences. General subjects of astron- 
omy, geography, geology, physics, and chemistry. Demonstrations 
with various physical apparatus and illustrations with slides, film 
strips, movie films, and field trips. No credit on major. 6 s. h. 

13-14 General Physics. Mechanics, heat, sound, light, and 
electricity. Examples and experiments given throughout the entire 
course with a view of rendering it practical. Training in the manipu- 
lation of instruments employed in physical investigation, accurate 
measurements and practice in properly recording and reducing ex- 
perimental data. Prerequisite: Mathematics 11-12. 8 s. h. 

16 Household Physics. A one-semester course designed espe- 
cially for women students and to meet the requirements of the public 
school certificate in Home Economics. (Offered in 1938-39) 4 s. h. 

21-22 Modern Physics. Atomic nature of matter and elec- 
tricity, corpuscular nature of radiant energy, spectroscopy, planetary 
model of the atom, X-rays, molecular structure, radio activity, neu- 
trons, positrons, theory of relativity, and astrophysics. Prerequisites: 
Physics 13-14. 8 s. h. 

31-32 Electricity and Magnetism. Ohm's law, electrical power 
and energy, concerning wire, resistance, magnets and magnetism, 
magnetic circuit, generator, motor, batteries and electrochemical action, 
inductance, capacitance, alternating currents, vacuum tubes and 
gaseous conduction, and the electrostatic circuit. Prerequisite: Phy- 
sics 13-14. 8 s. h. 

33-34 Light and Sound. Reflection, refraction, dispersion, 
chromatic, spherical, aberration, optical constants of mirrors and 



84 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

lenses, velocity, radiation, absorption, interference, diffraction, polari- 
zation, colors of crystaline plates and oil films, and photography. The 
nature of sound velocity, frequency, resonance, forced oscillations, 
tranverse and longitudinal vibrations, vibrations in various media, 
and acoustics of buildings. Prerequisite: Physics 13-14. 8 s. h. 

41 Mechanics. Forces: their composition and resolution, forces 
acting on a rigid body, balanced forces, work and energy, first and 
second degree moments, dynamics of translatory motion, dynamics of 
rotary motion. 

42 Heat. The course presents the essential fundamentals of 
heating, ventilating, and air conditioning. The emphasis is placed 
on domestic uses. Factors affecting human comfort, heat transmission 
and air infiltration, calculation and estimation of building heat losses 
and heat gains, fuels, combustion, draft, chimneys, boilers, insulation, 
heating with steam, hot water, and warm-air systems; air conveying 
and air cleaning, humidification and dehumidification, control of air 
temperature and summer cooling of buildings. 



DEPARTMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY 

MISS OXFORD 
MR. MESSICK 

Psychology teaches students to understand human nature 
and its ramifications, helps them to interpret their own mental 
reactions, and points out possible ways of building and ad- 
justing personality. 

21 General Psychology. An introductory course, emphasizing 
fundamental processes of human behavior, responses to various 
stimuli, building of personality, and mind in its relationship to the 
modern world. A prequisite to all other courses in Psychology. 
Fall Semester. 3 s. h. 

22 Psychology of Childhood. A study of the mental, physical, 
and emotional developments of the child in relation to personality and 
social adjustments. 3 s. h. 

24 Social Psychology. The nature of personality, and the 
"abnormalities" which constitute the "normal" person; psychology of 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 85 

adolescence and adulthood, of religion, of organization, and of social 
progress. 3 s. h. 

31 Educational Psychology. Inherited tendencies; laws of 
learning; laws of teaching; habit formation; individual differences; 
formation of correct ideals and attitudes. Spring Semester. 3 s. h. 



DEPARTMENT OF SOCIOLOGY 

MR. BOWDEN 

Sociology is that branch of the social sciences which deals 
with the individual in relation to his human environment. 
Students discover their places of responsibility in society only 
through a knowledge of the culture, mores and institutions 
of that society. It is the function of sociology, therefore, to 
trace the development of culture, to point out the chief char- 
acteristics and danger zones in the contemporary social scene, 
and to inspire student interest in solving the problems of 
modern life. 

31-32 Introductory Sociology. The origins and development 
of culture, the nature of personality and its relation to society, forms of 
collective behavior, community and social organization, and the 
basic social problems: the family, international relations, political 
and economic organization, and social development. 6 s. h. 

41 Rural Sociology. Conditions of life in the country and 
constructive organization for improvement, social technology of rural 
communities, importance of agriculture, rural institutions, cooperative 
marketing, good roads, consolidated schools, social surveys of the 
country and the rural church, organization of the rural community, 
and social control. 3 s. h. 

42 Problems of Sociology. The forces that enter into the com- 
position of life and society: poverty, socialism, social pathology, 
social duties, immigration, congestion of population, race, industry, 
internationalism, and other social and industrial problems. 3 s. h. 



Special Departments of the College 

DEPARTMENT OF ART 

MISS NEWMAN 

A thorough course of instruction in Art is offered to those 
who desire to devote themselves to its study and practice. 
Students in this department are required to spend twelve 
hours a week at work in the studio. An annual exhibition 
is held during Commencement. 

11-12 Freehand drawing in charcoal from still-life, geometrical 
solids and casts, linear and angular perspective structure, study of 
light and shade, flat washes in water color and monochrome painting, 
color sketches from still-life, pastel painting, letters and designing, 
clay modeling and pottery. 

21-22 Drawing in charcoal from still-life, heads, hands, features, 
and casts; painting in oils, pastels and water colors, from still-life, 
illustration, wash drawings in water color; principles of color; pen 
and ink drawings, designing and structure. 

23 Elementary Drawing. Working knowledge of the principles 
of drawing necessary in the primary and elementary school. Color 
design, drawing and painting from life or geometric forms, illustra- 
tions, posters and printing. Picture study art activities for the child 
in the home, school, and community; and the development of creative 
abilities. Offered in alternate years. 3 s. h. 

24 Industrial Arts for Elementally Grades. Methods and 
materials used in the study of industrial arts for primary and gram- 
mar grades. Color theory, weaving, modeling, construction work, 
posters, book-binding, block-printing, and projects for history and 
geography classes. The subject matter is creative and illustrated, and 
is centered about the interests and needs of the child. Offered in 
alternate years. 3 s. h. 

Sketch Class. Pencil-drawing, with or without model out-of- 
door work. 

China Painting. Tinting : La Croix colors, matt colors, powder 
colors. Flower Painting: Designs of Edward Reeves and Marshall 
Fray; Dresden colors, Herr Lamm. Figure Painting: La Croix 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 87 

Dresden, Herr Till. Ornamental Work: Raised paste and gold; 
enamels; jewels, etc., on hard china, satsuma, Beleek, and Sedji. 

History of Art. Architecture and sculpture: Egyptian, Assyrian. 
Greek and Roman, Christian, Byzantine, Romanesque, and Renais- 
sance. Modern sculpture, painting, ceramics. Appreciation of Art. 
Required of certificate and diploma pupils. 



DEPARTMENT OF HOME ECONOMICS 

MISS MUSE 

The work in Home Economics is designed to prepare 
young women for home-making, to provide adequate training 
to meet the requirements for teacher's certificate in Home 
Economics, and to offer foundation courses for those wishing 
to enter other fields of Home Economics. 

11-12 Food Preparation and Service. The general principles 
of cookery applied to the preparation of different types of foods. 
A study of the composition, selection, care, and preparation of foods 
is coordinated with a study of their nutritive value and digestion. 
Planning of menus, cooking and serving of breakfast, luncheon, and 
dinner. 1 hour class work; 4 hours laboratory. 6 s. h. 

13-14 Clothing and Textiles. Study of textiles and problems, 
selection and construction of clothing, including the use and alteration 
of commercial patterns, the drafting of patterns, and the appropriate 
use of fabrics. 1 hour class work, 4 hours laboratory. 6 s. h. 

31 Home Nursing and Child Cat'e. Home care of the sick, 
first aid, and practical experience in the care of pre-school children. 
3 hours class work with laboratory. 3 s. h. 

32 Home Planning and Furnishing. A study of line, form, 
and color, as applied to planning, decorating, and furnishing a home. 
A survey of different types of arts and crafts, followed by a study of 
furniture, upholstery, rugs, tapestries, draperies, household linens, 
glass, silver, pewter, and china. 1 hour class work; 4 hours labora- 
tory. 3 s. h. 

33 Nutrition. The fundamental scientific principles of human 
nutrition and their application to the feeding of the family. Prere- 
quisites: Home Economics 11-12 and Chemistry 11-12. 3 hours 
class work. 3 s. h. 



88 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

34 Dietetics. Normal diets for children and adults and diets 
for the sick. Diets in relation to income scale. Prerequisite: Home 
Economics 33. 3 s. h. 

41 Economics of the Home. The science and art of planned 
family living. General policies for the use of time, energy, money, 
and property. 3 s. h. 

42 Home Management. The adjustment of the home to 
changed social and economic conditions, civic responsibilities of the 
home, the organization and efficient handling of home industries, 
household accounts, and the family budget. Each student is required 
to live in the practice house for at least six weeks. 2 hours class 
work, and laboratory work in the practice house. 3 s. h. 

43 Costume and Design. Art principles and color harmonies 
applied to the original designing of costumes in pencil-drawing and 
crayons. A survey of historic costumes from ancient to modern 
times, thus giving a background of knowledge from which to draw 
and create new designs. 1 hour class work, 4 hours laboratory. 3 s. h. 

44 Advanced Clothing. The construction of garments from 
different materials; accessories to complete the costume; economics of 
textile purchasing. 1 hour class work, 4 hours laboratory. Prere- 
quisites: Home Economics 13-14 and 43. 3 s. h. 

45 Materials and Methods of Teaching Home Economics. A 
study of the development of Home Economics; organization and con- 
tent of course of study; leaders in the work of Home Economics in 
relation of Home Economics to other subjects in high school curricula; 
planning and presentation of lessons; texts, reference books, and maga- 
zines; and the place of Home Economics teachers in the community. 
3 s. h. 

48-49 Home-Makers' Course. A survey course to acquaint 
students who are not majoring in Home Economics with the principles 
of architectural designs, home planning and furnishing, cooking, 
serving, sewing, color harmony, dress designing, and other pertinent 
information for the home-maker. No credit on major. 6 s. h. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 89 

DEPARTMENT OF MUSIC 

MR. PRATT, Piano, Organ, and Theory 

MR. EDWARDS, Voice and Public School Music 

MR. MOORE, Piano, Organ, and Theory 

MR. MORGAN, Piano and Organ 

MR. HAMRICK, Band 

The Department of Music has a four-fold purpose: First, 
to offer courses in the theory of music and to the general 
student body. Second, to afford opportunities for musical 
growth through student participation in the concerted per- 
formance of music. Third, to provide a comprehensive foun- 
dation for those wishing to make music their profession. 
Fourth, to offer lessons in applied music to special students, 
either children or adults. 

Diploma in Music. — The sequence leading to a Diploma 
in Music is intended for the student who wishes to make the 
profession of music his life work. The diploma qualifies a 
student to apply for a certificate to teach music in the public 
schools of North Carolina, provided the student takes the ad- 
vanced course in Public School Methods (Music 45-46). How- 
ever, the candidate for the diploma need not prepare for public 
school teaching. Diplomas are given in Theory, Piano, Or- 
gan, Violin, and Voice. The requirements for the Diploma 
in Music will be found under the Outline of Courses of Study. 

Certificate in Music. — The sequence leading to a Certifi- 
cate in Music is intended for those students who desire to 
teach music in public schools. This certificate qualifies the 
student to apply for the North Carolina Public School Music 
Certificate. The requirements for the Certificate in Music 
will be found under the Outline of Courses of Study. 

11-12 Harmony. Intervals, scales, triads, seventh- and ninth- 
chords, inversions, figured bass and harmonization of melodies, dia- 
tonic modulation, elementary form. 6 s. h. 

13-14 Ear Training and Sight-Singing. The course presents 
the rudiments of music, develops sight-singing ability, and musical 
dictation. 4 s. h. 



90 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

15-16 Introduction to Music. An introductory survey course, 
open to all students of the College. The fundamentals of music, 
musical instruments, forms of musical composition. The development 
of an appreciative understanding and enjoyment of music from the 
listener's point of view. No credit on major. 4 s. h. 

17-18 Piano, Organ, Violin, or Voice. Private lessons, see 
below. 2-4 s. h. 

21-22 Advanced Harmony. Altered chords, non- harmonic 
tones, chromatic and enharmonic modulation, form and analysis. Pre- 
requisite: Music 11-12. 6 s. h. 

23-24 History and Appreciation of Music. The development 
of musical art from ancient times to the present. The relationship 
between the evolution of music and social conditions, and between 
music and the other arts. The study of music as literature, through 
analysis of masterworks. 6 s. h. 

25-26 Public School Music. Choice of materials for elemen- 
tary grades, rote-songs, part-songs, folk-songs. The child's voice, 
correction of the monotone. Intended primarily for students seeking 
primary or grammar grade Certificate. No credit on major. 3 s. h. 

27-28 Piano, Organ, Violin, or Voice. Private lessons: see 
below. 2-4 s. h. 

31-32 Counterpoint. Sixteenth-century and modern counter- 
point in two, three, and four parts. Counterpoint applied to various 
types of vocal and instrumental composition. Prerequisite: Music 
11-12. 6 s. h. 

33 Church Music and Hymnology. The history of music in 
the Church. Detailed hymnological studies. The sacred as contrasted 
with the secular style. The ideals of church music and the means for 
their realization. The development of discriminating taste in the 
selection of vocal and instrumental music for use in the Church. 
2 s. h. 

34 Conducting. Technique of conducting. Score reading, 
resonance, and combination of tone qualities in orchestral choirs, the 
conducting of symphonies and choral works. 2 s. h. 

37-38 Private Lessons in Piano, Organ, Violin, and Voice. 
2-4 s. h. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 91 

41-42 Composition. Creative work in music, advanced form 
and analysis, modern harmonic and contrapuntal theories. 6 s. h. 

43-44 Advanced Form and Analysis. A study of musical form 
through the Sonata-Allegro forms. Students working toward a Di- 
ploma in Music Theory must take Music 41-42 rather than this 
course. 4 s. h. 

45-46 Advanced Public School Music. The study of materials 
and methods for primary and intermediate grades, junior and senior 
high school; choice of materials and methods in appreciation; the 
child's voice and the changing voice. This course is intended pri- 
marily for music majors seeking a teacher's Certificate in Music. 
6 s. h. 

47-48 Piano, Organ, Violin, and Voice. Private lessons; see 
below. 2-3 s. h. 

Applied Music 

Private lessons in Piano, Organ, Violin, and Voice, may 
be taken in the Department of Music for credit on degrees 
up to 12 semester hours. (See note under Electives.) A max- 
imum of two hours credit per semester is granted for two 
thirty-minute lessons and twelve hours of practice a week. 
Credit is determined, however, on the basis of actual accom- 
plishment, and is granted only after examination before the 
members of the faculty of the Department of Music. 

Piano. — Preparatory and Intermediate Courses. — These 
courses cover the work in piano from the beginning through 
such compositions as the Little Preludes by Bach, Sonatinas by 
Kuhlau and Beethoven, Studies by Heller. 

Advanced Courses. — The freshman course begins with 
the Two-Part Inventions of Bach; Studies, Opus 299 of Czer- 
ny, the easier sonatas of Mozart and Beethoven, pieces of 
Grieg, Chopin, Schumann and others. The sophomore and 
junior courses cover more difficult compositions. The best 
compositions of the classic, romantic, and modern schools are 
studied. The senior course covers such compositions as the 



92 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

Transcriptions by Bach-Liszt, the more difficult preludes of 
Debussy, Concertos. 

Organ. — The freshman course in Piano must be complet- 
ed before beginning the study of Organ. The material used 
in the organ course includes the Organ School by Ritter, pre- 
ludes and fuges of Bach, sonatas of Mendelssohn, Rheinberger, 
and Guilmant, and standard compositions of the modern 
school. The students will have thorough drill in sight-reading 
and the different styles of hymn playing, together with the 
study of accompaniment for solo, quartet, and chorus. 

Violin. — A thorough foundation is given in playing scales 
and arpeggios in any form. An extensive repertory is devel- 
oped from Bruck, Mendelssohn, and others. 

Voice. — The first two years of vocal study are devoted 
especially to the correct development of the voice. English, 
Italian, and German songs are added, as well as the study of 
operatic and oratorio arias. 

NOTE — Students in Applied Music appear in recitals each 
month. Each student is expected to perform at least twice during the 
year. Every candidate for the Diploma in Piano, Organ, Violin, or 
Voice must give a complete recital during his senior year. 

General Courses in Applied Music 

The Elon Singers. — A choir of mixed voices. Member- 
ship is limited to fifty, and based on examination by the Direc- 
tor of Music. This organization furnishes the music at the 
Sunday morning services of the Elon College Community 
Church, and presents concerts, both sacred and secular, in 
North Carolina and nearby states. There are three rehearsals 
weekly. 

The Elon Festival Chorus. — This chorus is open to all 
students, faculty members, and singers from Elon College and 
surrounding communities. The purpose of the organization 
is to present standard oratorios and other choral works. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 93 

The Elon Orchestra. — Open, by examination, to students 
who play orchestral instruments. Standard orchestral compo- 
sitions are studied and publicly performed. The orchestra also 
furnishes accompaniment for the Festival Chorus. Two re- 
hearsals weekly. 

The Elon Band. — Training is offered to students who can 
play band instruments. The band furnishes music for athletic 
activities and other college functions. Four rehearsals weekly. 



DEPARTMENT OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION 

MR. HENDRICKSOX 

DR. CARRINGTON 

MR. POWER 

MRS. HENDRICKSOX 

This department emphasizes the care and building of the 
body and the development of the mind. The further aim is 
to stimulate the growth of such character traits as honesty, 
cleanliness, and cooperation, thus enhancing the student's per- 
sonality and value to society. 

31-32 Physical Education. Designed for students who expect 
to teach. Background in the teaching of health and hygiene; history 
of physical education, planning of programs, supervision of play- 
ground activities; study of games, method of teaching games and 
dances; first aid information. Two hours per week. Open to 
women. 4 s. h. 

33-34 Physical Education. Principles and history of physical 
education, organization and supervision of intra-mural programs, 
teaching and direction of games, coaching, first aid information. Two 
hours a week. Open to men. 4 s. h. 

41-42 Lay Medicine and Hygiene. Practical knowledge about 
the functions of the body in health and disease. Dissection of dog, 
with study of anatomy and physiology, and of diseases and accidents 
with a general resume of their prevention and treatment; study of the 
normal and abnormal functioning of the mind. One hour a week. 
2 s. h. 



94 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

Physical Training 

The Physical Training program is planned to give to the 
young women and men varied activities in intra-mural sports, 
including basketball, volley ball, tennis, touch-football, horse- 
shoe pitching, and soccer, rhythmic dancing, hiking, and cal- 
isthenic exercises. 

All students are expected to participate regularly in some 
activity. Young women are required to have physical training 
for two years. 

Fh)st Year. Standing, marching, rhythms, games, folk-dancing, 
figure marching, drills, and contests. 

Second Year. Figure-marching, rhythms, gymnastics, body- 
building, exercises, drills and games. 



Roster of Students 

SESSION OF 1938-39. 

SENIORS— Class of 1939. 

Arnold, L. Mavert R 1, Fuquay Springs, N. C. 

Andrews, Mrs. Ina Dunlap Bon Lee, N. C. 

Bowers, Thurman F B 93, R 4, Greensboro, N. C. 

Brannock, Edith Ruth Elon College, N. C. 

Campbell, Cleveland Eugene 202 N. Main St., Danville, Va. 

Clark, Ruth Page . . • 700 Graham St., Raleigh, N. C. 

Craven, Mildred Main St., Ramseur, N. C. 

Cromlish, Richard Stanton 819 East End Ave., Wilkinsbury, Pa. 

Dailey, Helen Tate 306 Tarpley St., Burlington, N. C. 

Day, James Coma Woodsdale, N. C. 

Deaver, Geraldine • Mooresboro, N. C. 

Dollar, Mervin Malone, Ala. 

Donavon, Frank 50 Pansy Ave., Floral Park, N. Y. 

Earp, Thomas Spencer • Milton, N. C. 

Farmer, Lucille Cardwell (Mrs.) North Wilkesboro, N. C. 

Fonville, Walter O.. R 5, Burlington, N. C. 

Furness, Thomas, Jr 2 Terrace Drive, Canton, N. C. 

Gaylord, Tommie Martin Jamesville, N. C. 

Gillespie, James W • Haw River, N. C. 

Hamrick, Charles Robert • Boiling Springs, N. C. 

Harrington, Jesse W Merry Oaks, N. C. 

Haynes, Andrew A 701 S. Summit Ave., Charlotte, N. C. 

Hedgebeth, Emmanuel Stuart • Holland, Va. 

Hendricks, Harris Linesay 213 McRae St., Laurinburg, N. C. 

Holmes, George Thomas Snow Hill, N. C. 

Holt, Martha Christine Route 1, Graham, N. C. 

Howard, Lester Purvis. . • Hallison, N. C. 

Hubbard, Louis E., Jr 107 Third St., Farmville, Va. 

Hudgins, Maxine 838 W. Thirty-fourth St., Norfolk, Va. 

Huffine, Lloyd George Elon College, N. C 

Hunt, Edward Albert, Jr • R 5, Oxford, N. C. 

Hunt, John Graham R 5, Oxford, N. C. 

Hurst, Benjamin Borden 5 Broad St., New Bern, N. C. 

Israel, Archie George 115 Park Terrace, Waterbury, Conn. 

James, Melvin Eugenia • R 1, Haw River, N. C. 

Jones, William Thomas R 1, Holland, Va. 

Kazlow, Vincent Albert 1714 Boulevard Ave., Cumbola, Pa. 

Kid, Roy Linton R 1, Hemp, N. C. 

Manchester, Leslie Stephen 16 Judd St., Bristol, Conn. 

Markham, Elizabeth R 6, Durham, N. C. 

Mastrobattisto, Albert Carl 103 Divinity St., Bristol, Conn. 

Mashburn, Wilma Beatrice Star, N. C. 

McDonald, Mrs. Martha Dawson 5112 Seminole Ave., Tampa, Fla. 

Mclnnis, Neil Woodrow R 1, West End, N. C. 



96 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

Neese, Jack Harold Box 136, Reidsville, N. C 

Noell, Nathaniel W Broadway, N. C. 

Parker, James Wesley 1530 Barron St., Portsmouth, Va. 

Perry, Thomas Marshall Jonesboro, N. C. 

Puglisi, John George 56 Dewey Ave., Huntington, N. Y. 

Reynolds, Ruby Etheline Leaman, N. C. 

Sanderson, Emerson J Newmarket, Ont. 

Sandlin, Gladys Naomi 614 S. Broad St., Burlington, N. C. 

Satterfield, Henry David Prospect Hill, N. C. 

Scales, Helen Catherine Route 5, Greensboro, N. C. 

Sloan, Jordon Alexander R 2, Sanford, N. C. 

Somers, Vernon Lee R 2, Elon College, N. C. 

Spell, Leroy Penn Roseboro, N. C. 

Stephens, Craton Gilmer 66 Market St., Hertford, N. C. 

Stephens, Ona Mary 66 Market St., Hertford, N. C. 

Taylor, Wiley Sidney Private Drive, Aberdeen, N. C. 

Tillmanns, Gwendolyn Paula 3035 Park Ave., Bridgeport, Conn. 

Underwood, Samuel Rufus Yanceyville, N. C. 

Walker, Landon Davis 1218 Dilworth Road, Charlotte, N. C. 

Walker, Mary Frances 605 Fountain PL, Burlington, N. C. 

Walker, Worth Galloway R 1, Elon College, N. C. 

Watson, Joseph Allen Morven, N. C- 

Waugh Juanita Azile 105 S. Mebane St., Burlington, N. C. 

Webster, George Daniel Elon College, N. C. 

West, Floyd Elwood Enfield, N. C. 

Williams, Howard Taft Eagle Springs, N. C. 

Wright, Lucy Mae Star, N. C. 

Yarbrough, Erskine Walter Route 4, Dunn, N. C. 

JUNIORS — Class of 1940. 

Anschelewitz, Arnold 48 Inlet Terrace, Belmar, N. J. 

Askew, Allen Edgar Roduco, N. C. 

Bailey, Flora Inez Bessemer City, N. C. 

Basnight, Jack Horner Stokes, N. C. 

Bean, Frances T 803 Third St., Spencer, N. C- 

Blue, Herbert Nelson R 3, Carthage, N. C. 

Brannon, Horace Mill Springs, N. C. 

Chason, Mary Helen Lumber Bridge, N. C. 

Coble, Clifton Worth R 1, Julian, N. C. 

Coble, Jay Cline Julian, N. C. 

Congleton, James Beverly Stokes, N. C. 

Divers, Richard Martin Stuart, Va. 

Fesmire, Isaac L 1106 Battleground Ave., Greensboro, N. C. 

Fitch, Edna Muriel 605 S. Mebane St., Burlington, N. C. 

Fleming, Archie Grimesland, N. C. 

Flory, Edwin Bruce Route 1, Georgetown, Ohio 

Fonville, Deroy Ransom 413 N. Main St., Burlington, N. C. 

Foushee, Sam Bradshaw Elon College, N. C. 

Fuller, Andrew Wade 71 Middle St., New Bern, N. C. 

Garian, Jake 2525 Hanover Ave., Richmond, Va. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 97 

Garner, Ralph P R 2, Newport, N. C. 

Gutierrez, Goerge Javellan No. 2, Havana, Cuba 

Hackney, James Parks Route 1, Siler City, N. C. 

Hall, Joseph William Mount Ulla, N. C. 

Hardison, Joe Henry 1306 Grove St., Greensboro, N. C. 

Harrington, Helen Black Route 2, Sanford, N. C. 

Hayes, Mary Lou 3649 Brooks Ave., Cincinnati, Ohio 

Hill, Joseph W Virgilina, Va. 

Hoffman, Violet Graham Route 4, Burlington, N. C. 

Holland, Griffin James Shelby, N. C. 

Holland, Wesley C Trenton, N. C. 

Hooper, Dewey G Route 3, Mebane, N. C. 

Hubbard, Louis Edward, Jr Farmville, Va. 

Huffines, Kenneth Elon College, N. C. 

James, Catherine Campbell 437 C. Beverly St., Staunton, Va. 

Johnson, Robert Sexton Fuquay Springs, N. C. 

Jones, Curtis Hughes Hurdle Mills, N. C. 

Jones, Oscar Carl Bolton, N. C. 

King, William Raleigh Gates, N. C. 

Lawson, Katherine Rougemont, N. C. 

Lea, Arthur Brenton 1003 Lindsay St., High Point, N. C. 

Leath, June Frances 416 Spring St., Burlington, N. C. 

Lee, Walter Finley Box 180, Rocky Mount, N. C. 

Longest, Walter Roland 211 Orange St. Beaufort, N. C. 

Malbon, Eugene Robert 524 Queen St., Portsmouth, Va. 

Miller, Margaret Zudetta Camden, S. C. 

McCauley, Charles 710 Church St., Burlington, N. C. 

McFarland, Leighton Wilson 1313 Summitt Ave., Greensboro, N. C. 

McPherson, William Steadman Box 195, Burlington, N. C. 

Noon, Martin Gerard 45 Spruce Ave., Floral Park, N. Y. 

Parker, James Linwood 1037 Prentis Ave., Portsmouth, Va. 

Peebles, Stafford Randolph R 4, Oxford, N. C. 

Pender, Nancy Louise 611 Maple Ave., Burlington, N C. 

Penn, Horace Durham Richland, Ga. 

Piland, Ida Mae R 3, Suffolk, Va. 

Pittman, Charles Ernest 303 Daniel, Wilson, N. C. 

Ray, Helen Florine Elon College, N. C. 

Root, Joust Ernest 11 Chesapeake St., Norfolk, Va. 

Senter, Worth Delmar Kipling, N. C. 

Shelton, Amos Raleigh 705 Railroad Ave., Greensboro, N. C. 

Shepherd, Julius R Route 1, Elon College, N. C. 

Shofmer, Jack Liberty, N. C- 

Smith, Anneta Angeline Brown Summitt, N. C. 

Stewart, William M R 2, Derita, N. C. 

Thompson, Azariah Graves R 1, Reidsville, N. C. 

Tysor, Freddy Nathan 12 Jenkins St., Greensboro, N. C. 

Vore, Duane Nathan 441 N. Miami St., West Milton, Ohio 

Walker, Nester Glenn Route 1, Brown Summit, N. C. 

Waugh, Julius Harvey, Jr 105 S. Mebane St., Burlington, N. C. 

Warren, Dorothy Mae Staley, N. C. 



98 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

Whitley, Lloyd Elmo 815 So. Main St., High Point, N. C. 

Womble, Laura Ellen Sanford, N. C. 

Wright, Myron H 1201 M St., N. W., Washington, D. C. 

SOPHOMORES— Class of 1941. 

Barney, Winifred Elon College, N. C. 

Bauknecht, Harry Christie Midland Ave., Ridgewood, N. J. 

Blanks, Joe Younger, Jr Reams Ave., Roxboro, N. C. 

Boone, Helen 206 Everette St., Burlington, N. C. 

Bottoms, Henry Baxter Margarettsville, N. C. 

Brickhouse, Ernest 1811 Claiborne Ave., Norfolk, Va. 

Brinn, William Claude 43 Front St., Hertford, N. C. 

Brooks, Wesley Hall Roxboro, N. C. 

Brown, Howard Grier 2338 Greenway Ave., Charlotte, N. C. 

Busick, Russell Faree Route 1, Brown Summit, N. C. 

Capillary, Henry D Freeport, Pa. 

Caruso, Silvio Wilson 329 Kossuth St., Riverside, N. J. 

Causey, William Garland .611 Wise St., High Point, N. C. 

Chandler, William Scales .615 Fountain Place, Burlington, N. C. 

Clarke, Ellis Nusome Main St., Waverly, Va. 

Claytor, Mary Borland Hillsboro, N. C. 

Coble, Albert Vernon Route 1, Burlington, N. C. 

Cooper, Nathan Joseph Route 1, Valdese, N. C. 

Crutchfield, Moses 330 W. Lee St., Greensboro, N. C. 

Davis, Gilbert Gibsonville, N. C. 

Day, Joel Lee Woodsdale, N. C. 

Dorn, George Edward 18 Allen St., Winstead, Conn. 

Eaves, Christine Daniel Route 1, Henderson, N. C. 

Edwards, Dorothy Elizabeth 200 Dinwiddie St., Portsmouth, Va. 

Edwards, John Lee, Jr Stantonburg, N. C. 

Fitzgerald, Fern 109 E. Nance St., Whiteville, N. C. 

Foust, James A Route 1, Graham, N. C. 

Fowlkes, John Wesley Yanceyville, N. C. 

Freeland, Estelle Efland, N. C. 

Fritts, James P S. Main St., Lexington, N. C. 

Fulcher, Clayton, Jr Atlantic, N. C. 

Garner, Harry Collins Penrose Park, Reidsville, N. C. 

Gentry, Dwight Lonnie Roxboro, N. C. 

Harden, Charles Reynolds Route 1, Graham, N. C. 

Heatwole, Hubert Zirkle Burlington, N. C. 

Holmes, Evelyn Creedmore, N. C. 

Hook, Cephus Garvin Capon Bridge, W. Va. 

Hook, Jessie Irene Elon College, N. C. 

Howard, Robert Lee Hallison, N. C. 

Hughes, Leroy Elon College, N. C. 

Hurst, lone Route 2, Pittsboro, N. C. 

Inman, Roger Winfree, Jr Mount Airy, N. C. 

Inman, Thomas Grayson Mount Airy N. C. 

Iseley, Allen Alfred Route 4, Burlington,' N." C. 

James, Albert Porham Roxboro, N. C. 

Johnston, Charles H, Jr Haw River, N. C. 

Johnston, James Lee Haw River, N. C. 

Johnston, James Vard Yanceyville, N. C. 

Kernodle, George Wallace Elon College, N. C. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 99 

Kivette, Caniille Gibsonville, N. C. 

Lawrence, Claude Haynes Mount Airy, N. C. 

Lawson, Glenn Moore 1908 Charleston Ave., Portsmouth, Va. 

Lee, Frances Jones Virgilina, Va. 

Lindley, Andew Hoyt Route 1, Snow Camp, N. C. 

Litchfield, John Stockhard ^ Aurora, N. C. 

Lowe, Early Fred,, Jr Route 2, Elon College, N. C. 

Lowe, Stanley Wright 804 N. Mam St., Burlington, N. C. 

Mann, Rex William Kipling, N. C. 

Martin, Roberta Pearle Eagle Rock, N. C. 

May, John Allen, Jr 1404 W. Market St., Greensboro, N. C. 

McCotter, Joseph Carsman Suffolk, Va. 

McDade, Jimmie Pass Hillsboro, N. C. 

McDufiie, Albert Glenn West End, N. C. 

Meachum, James Robert Morven, N. C. 

Moore, Oscar Daulton Burlington, N. C. 

Morgan, Voigt Fritz Box 15, Gibsonville, N. C. 

Mullenax, John Woodward Churchville, Va. 

Newton, Elizabeth Lyon Jupiter, Fla. 

Pace, Helen Elizabeth Route 3, Burlington, N. C. 

Parker, Charles Wesley, Jr 1530 Barron St., Portsmouth, Va. 

Pearce, John Henry 147 Charles St., Suffolk, Va. 

Pennington, Margaret Teague New London, N. C. 

Potter, Edward 107 Marsh St., Beaufort, N. C. 

Powell, Harold Lloyd Route 3, Morgantown, N. C. 

Powell, Shirley Madeline 136 Hough Ave., Norfolk, Va. 

Pritchette, Mary Elizabeth Route 1, Elon College, N. C. 

Quackenbush, Joy Belle Graham, N. C. 

Rawls, Charles Holland Suffolk, Va. 

Rector, Joseph, Jr Valdese, N. C. 

Register, Kenneth Route 1, Sanford, N. C. 

Reid, William Joseph Dean St., Lunbrook, N. Y. 

Richardson, Allan Howard Silver Springs, Md. 

Rigney, Viney Sue Elon College, N. C. 

Rogers, James Franklin Mebane, N. C. 

Rumley, James Elon College, N. C. 

Russell, Wilson Douglas Roxboro, N. C- 

Saecker, Wellington Mills 403 Chautauqua Ave., Portsmouth, Va. 

Screen, Mrs. Robbie Marine Burlington, N. C. 

Secrest, Paul Drexel, N. C. 

Smith, Edward Box 182, Haw River, N. C. 

Smith, Ross Lea Route 4, Burlington, N. C. 

Stephenson, Robert Hugh Severn, N. C. 

Stewart, David Carlton Summerfield, N. C. 

Stokes, Martha Carolina Lexington, N. C. 

Taylor, Earl C Harrisburg, N. C. 

Tripplette, Inez Purlear, N. C. 

Truitt, Robert Wesley 309 Elm Ave., Greensboro, N. C. 

Tyson, Archie Reid Stokes, N. C. 

Walker, Mary Lewis Route 2, Browns Summit, N. C. 

Walker, Nannie Virginia Elon College, N. C. 

Walker, William Thomas Brown Summit, N. C. 

Walters, Charles Manley, Jr 220 Union Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Westmoreland, John Somers Gibsonville, N. C. 

Wilkinson, Jack Broadus 1511 Charleston Ave., Portsmouth, Va. 



100 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

Williamson, James Archie Box 353, Raeford, N. C. 

Wright, Gladys Ree Star, N. C. 

FRESHMEN— Class of 1942. 

Abernethy, Talmadge Mebane, N. C. 

Adair, Louis B Box 613, Newport News, Va. 

Adomitis, George 107 Ross St., Duquesne, Perm. 

Allison, Melvin Leslie Hillsboro, N. C. 

Apple, Ripton Dixon, Jr 648 Chestnut St., Greensboro, N. C. 

Archer, John William 1153 Battleground Ave., Greensboro, N. C. 

Armfield, Elizabeth Grace Leaksville, N. C. 

Askin, Bernard 4816 New Hampshire Ave., N. W., Washington, D. C. 

Austin, Henry Marshel, Jr Route 2, Box 37, Albemarle, N. C 

Avent, Jenie Douglas 511 W. Front St., Burlington, N. C. 

Ayscue, Perry Lee Route 1, Henderson, N. C. 

Bagley, Joseph Henry, Jr 25 N. Main St., Suffolk, N. C. 

Bailey, Ann Brooks Woodsdale, N. C. 

Barker, Laurent J Springfield Ave , Irvington, N. J. 

Barnett, David Frank 121 St. James St., Suffolk, Va. 

Barney, John Willis Box 318, Elon College, N. C. 

Bell, Earl Edward 159 Chautauqua Ave., Portsmouth, Va. 

Bell, Edna Mae 710 E. Davis St., Burlington, N. C. 

Bell, John Bruce Box 488, Warrenton, N. C. 

Beman, Kenneth 1729 Highland Ave., Portsmouth, Ohio 

Black, Joyce Edith 207 Everette St., Burlington, N. C. 

Boone, Robert Lee 107 Gilmerton Ave., Portsmouth, Va. 

Bradley, Billy Lillington, N. C. 

Bradley, Charles Davis Lillington, N. C. 

Bradshaw, Floyd Benjamin 213 N. Saratoga, Suffolk, Va. 

Bray, Dorothy Louise 244 W. 30th St., Norfolk, Va. 

Briggs, William Holt Route 5, Greensboro, N. C. 

Brooks, Roger Bruton Haw River, N. C 

Brown, Ruby 119 Logan St., Burlington, N. C. 

Bryan, Curry E., Jr., 1149 King St., Charleston, S. C. 

Bunch, John Sevier 933 S. 20th St., Arlington, Va. 

Burton, D. C, Jr Scale St., Reidsville, N. C. 

Bunvell, J. W., Jr Star Route, Rural Hall, N. C. 

Byrum, John Erskine, Jr Route 3, Charlotte, N. C. 

Carroll, Margaret Juanita Reidsville, N. C. 

Carter, William Franklin 41 Pratt St., Winstead, Conn. 

Casey, John Stewart Alleghany St., Clifton Forge, Va. 

Castura, Steve 1020 Peace St., Hazelton, Penn. 

Clapp, John Boyd Greensboro, N. C 

Clarke, John Vernon Snow Camp, N. C. 

Clayton, Julius Lee Star Route, Danville, Va. 

Claytor, John William Hillsboro, N. C. 

Coble, Charles Emory Haw River, N. C. 

Coble, Joseph Holliday Snow Camp, N. C 

Coble, Worth Dewey, Jr 505 Washington, Burlington, N. C. 

Comer, Claude Valantine Route 4, Reidsville, N. C. 

Cooper, James Roy Route 5, Sanford, N. C 

Coplin, James Elbert 502% Church St., Burlington, N. C. 

Corbitt, Sara Margaret Sunbury, N. C. 

Corey, David A Jamesville, N. C. 

Craft, Maurice Montague, Jr 3007 Henrico, Norfolk, Va. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 101 

Cramer, Hugh H Washington, D. C. 

Daher, Bernard George 127 W. 5th St., Bridgeport, Pa. 

Dameron, Mary Lee Yanceyville, N. C. 

Day, Dorothy Mocile 601 Ireland St , Burlington, N. C. 

Deal, Rupert Edward Aurora, N. C. 

Dellinger, Robert P 909 Commercial St., Clifton Forge, Va. 

Dillingham, J. C 1304 Anthony St., Burlington, N. C. 

Dixon, Margaret Dedie Graham, N. C. 

Dobbs, Hazel White Shenandoah, Va. 

Dockery, Charles Conley Route 1, Elkin, N. C. 

Donato, Charles Grand St., Waterbury, Conn. 

Eshelman, Anne Marie Route 3, Everett, Penn. 

Evans, Kathryn 600 Fountain Place, Burlington, N. C. 

Fagan, Ivan Hugo 110 S. Broadway St., Forest City, N. C. 

Fann, Wilmer Route 1, Elon College, N. C. 

Faulk, Pattie Belle Route 2, Mount Olive, N. C. 

Felton, Margaret Edith 249 Lincoln Place, Irvington, N. J. 

Fleming, Sylvester Grimesland, N. C. 

Flythe, Lokie Milton Conway, N C 

Folger, Robert Cleve Dobson, N. C. 

Fones, Grover Leroy 711 Wythe St., Alexandria, Va. 

Fonville, Doris Lee 508 Peele St., Burlington, N. C. 

Ford, Glenwood Colbert 4322 King St., Portsmouth, Va. 

Forehand, John Thomas 1653 Des Moines Ave., Portsmouth, Va. 

Forlines, Sara Elizabeth Virgil ina, Va. 

Foushee, Frederick H Elon College, N. C 

Fowler, Virginia Maie Circle Drive, Burlington, N. C. 

Franklin, Minnie Mae Stem, N. C. 

Franks, Jack William Route 1, Elon College, N. C. 

Frazier, Frances Margaret 210 Elm St., Asheboro, N. C. 

Freeman, Nolie Virginia .,. .Route 5, Charlotte, N. C. 

Friedman, Sanford 1716 Elmwood, Greensboro, N. C. 

Fulcher, Edna Leone 514 S. Main St., Norfolk, Va. 

Garber, Harold Hawthorne 321 Third St., Clifton Forge, Va. 

Gardner, Jack 3126 Walnut St., Portsmouth, Ohio 

Garian, Charles 2525 Hanover Ave., Richmond, Va. 

Gilliam, Frederick Keene Elon College, N. C 

Golombek, Joseph Key Road, Box 223, Portsmouth, Va. 

Gordon, Doris Brown Summit, N. C. 

Hamilton, Robert Lee 815 Gibbons St., Gastonia, N. C. 

Harper, Joseph John Route 1, Whitakers, N. C. 

Harrington, Cornelius Mildred Merry Oak, N. C. 

Hatfield, Maxine Shenandoah, Va. 

Hayden, Vernon B 1929 Prentis Ave., Portsmouth, Va. 

Hayes, Frank, Jr., Elon College, N. C. 

Hayes, James Williard R. F. D., Godwin, N. C. 

Hayworth, Mary Sue Asheboro. N. C. 

Henry, Angie 815 Linden Ave., Portsmouth, Va. 

Heritage, Thomas Price 105 Carolina Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Herritage, James William Trenton, N. C. 

Hiatt, Mary 421 Storey St., Burlington, N. C. 

Hilliard, William Nathaniel Cary, N. C. 

Hobson, W. L , Jr Ramseur, N. C. 

Hogan, Stanley Yuskas 853 Bank St., Waterbury, Conn. 

Holden, John Staley 707 N. Main St., Louisburg, N. C. 



102 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

Hopkins, Joseph Howard 2116 N. Monroe St., Arlington, Va. 

Houston, Margaret Kenansville, N. C. 

Huffstetler, William Harvey Box 133, Haw River, N. C. 

Hunter, Marjorie Rose Elon College, N. C. 

Jenkins, Herbert Maiden, N. C. 

Jeannette, Mary Elease Calypso, N. C. 

Johnson, Henry Harden, Jr Mount Airy, N. C. 

Jones, Charles L., Jr Bessemer Branch, Greensboro, N. C. 

Kenerly, George Hampton 108 Arden Place, Greensboro, N. C. 

Kerns, Jewell Elizabeth Asheboro, N. C. 

King, Mahlon Haynes Asheboro, N. C. 

King, Paul Moore Route 2, Elon College, N. C. 

King, William Plumtree, N. C. 

Koury, Ernest Burlington, N. C 

Kravitz, Isidore 705 Ninth Ave., Belmar, N. J. 

Kirkpatrick, William Eugene Graham, N. C. 

Laughon, Walter Marshall Portsmouth, Va. 

Laws, Hubbard Hillsboro, N. C. 

Leifer, Martin 1016 Ogden Ave., New York, N. Y. 

Lightbourne, James Horn, Jr 401 Church St., Burlington, N. C. 

Liles, Thomas Exton Route 4, Charlotte, N. C. 

Long, Helen Beartice Elon College, N. C. 

Looney, John Joseph Williams, Jr 521 Falls Road, Rocky Mount, N. C. 

Malloy, Carmac Joseph 1001 Frankford Ave., Philadelphia, Perm. 

Mansfield, Roy Hampton Sanford, N. C. 

Manzi, Lincoln Louis 187 Conestoga Road, Wayne, Pa. 

Marcey, Francis R 4308 Lee Highway, Arlington, Va. 

Martin, Carl Reed Route 100, Burlington, N. C. 

Maxwell, Harold E Falcon, N. C. 

Maynor, W. O., Jr Mount Gilead, N. C. 

McCauley, Lon Albert Route 2, Burlington, N. C. 

McDade, Mary Ruth Route 2, Hillsboro, N. C 

McDade, Millard Central Heights, Burlington, N. C. 

McGee, William Hardin Germanton, N. C. 

McGougan, Dorothy Lumber Bridge, N. C. 

Mclntyre, Hazel Anne Route 4, Greensboro, N. C. 

McPherson, Grace Lawrence Route 1, Snow Cmap, N. C. 

McPherson, Sarah Hane v Liberty, N. C. 

Mebane, Katherine Watkins Box 142, Yanceyville, N. C. 

Melvin, George Thomas 6 Channing Ave., Portsmouth, Va. 

Messick, Turner Paul 1000 Grace Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Michael, Graham Clifton Route 2, Kernersville, N. C. 

Milbury, Wilmot A 8 Bridge St., Frenchtown, N. J. 

Miller, Pansy Maude Route 6, Mount Airy, N. C. 

Morgan, Ogburn Lee Elon College, N. C. 

Moss, Grover Douglas Richfield, N. C. 

Murphy, June Paige 203 North St., Suffolk, Va. 

Neal, Virginia Lee 220 West End Blvd., Winston-Salem, N. C. 

Norris, William Henry Route 3, Burlington, N. C. 

Owens, Spencer 1021 Ann St., Portsmouth, Va. 

Pakulniewicz, Edward Stanley St. George, Staten Island, N. Y. 

Palantonia, William Joseph 249 Highland Ave., Wayne, Pa. 

Pamplin, Douglas R 304 Alleghany St., Clifton Forge, Va. 

Petrie, Clarence Wesley 211 W. Harper, Lenoir, N. C. 

Phillips, Marvin Worth 700 S. Fayetteville, Asheboro, N. C, 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 103 

Piberg, Millard Hugo. N. Broad St., Elizabeth, N. J. 

Pittman, Paul Westmoreland, Jr Brookwood, Burlington, N. C. 

Poerschke, Paul William 394 Ambard St., Bellevue, Pittsburg, Penn. 

Pollard, John Francis, Jr 603 Fifth Avenue, Greensboro, N. C. 

Pritchett, James Garrison Route 1, Elon College, N. C. 

Progar, Albert Joseph 318 Rosslyn Ave., Springdale, Pa. 

Routh, William Adolph 3803 N. 16th St., Arlington, Va. 

Rawls, Marcella Suffolk, Va. 

Rawls, Travis Murry, Jr Verona, N. C. 

Rhyne, Brice Wilson 202 S. Asaph St., Alexandria, Va. 

Rochelle, Talmadge Vernon Box 203, Asheboro, N. C. 

Rollings, James Spratley, Jr 224 Cedar St., Suffolk, Va. 

Rudd, Thomas Hunley Yanceyville, N. C. 

Sauer, Edward Dalota St., Bellevue, Penn. 

Seymour, Frances Cornelia Alamance, N. C. 

Sharp, H. Warrington 1228 Holliday St., Portsmouth, N. C. 

Shaw, Edward Francis Box Wentworth Farm, Rosemont, Penn. 

Showfety, Emil T 668 Chestnut St., Greensboro, N. C. 

Sigmon, James Williard Newton, N. C. 

Simpson, James Ruffin Franklinville, N. C. 

Slaughter, Frances Graham, N. C. 

Somers, Lester Irvin. Route 4, Burlington, N. C. 

Somers, Lucille Elon College, N. C. 

Spence, Royall Herman, Jr 636 Fountain Place, Burlington, N. C. 

Spence, William David, Jr Route 1, Trenton, N. C 

Spoon, Merrette Claude 708 Church St., Burlington, N. C. 

Sprinkle, Roy Homer 1402 N. Lincoln, Arlington, Va. 

Stallings, David Haliburton, Jr Route 4, Durham, N. C 

Steinitz, Frank Joseph 27 Fairchild Place, Irvington, N. J. 

Stephens, Lila Budd 66 Market, Hertford, N. C. 

Steverson, Enoch Benjamin 2009 Elm Ave., Portsmouth, Va. 

Stokes, Paul Wilson, N. C 

Thomas, Charles Cecil Route 2, Jonesboro, N. C. 

Thorburn, Walter Bruce _ 1204 Johnston St., High Point, N. C. 

Tingen, Nell Frances Box 854, Burlington, N. C. 

Utt, Claude Kenneth Route 3, Winston-Salem, N. C 

Van Lear, Charles Rose Street, Clifton Forge, Va. 

Wagoner, Mont Claire, Jr Brown Summit, N. C. 

Walker, John Barret, Jr Front St., Burlington, N. C. 

Ward, Floyd Chapman 630 McCormick St., Clifton Forge, Va 

Watkins, T. W 1601 Franklin Ave., Portsmouth, Ohio 

Weant, William Walter, Jr 707 S. Fulton St., Salisbury, N. C. 

Webster, Elsie Mae Burlington, N. C. 

Webster, Ernest Parson, Jr Graham, N. C. 

White, Harold Leslie 619 S. Broad St., Burlington, N. C. 

Whitesell, Mack Odell Route 2, Graham, N. C. 

Wickline, Cecil Edwin, Jr 323 Bath St., Clifton Forge, Va. 

Wiles, Theodore Mountaindale, N. Y. 

Willard, Paul Northrop 210 Washington St., Forestville, Conn. 

Williams, Elmer Christine 2107-A North Ave., Richmond, Va. 

Wilson, Walter Aury Route 2, Burlington, N. C. 

Wingard, Robert Neel 1356 D St., S. E., Washington, D. C. 

Wise, Henry Butler. 1021 22nd St., Newport News, Va. 

Wolfe, Houston 704 W. Front St., Burlington, N. C. 

Wyrick, Hosea Matthew Elon College, N. C. 

Zyvith, Max Route 4, Greensburg, Penn. 



104 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

SPECIAL DEPARTMENTS. 
ART. 

Albright, Iris Elon College, N. C. 

Allen, Mrs. Louis C, Sr 304 Hillcrest, Burlington, N. C 

Apple, Elizabeth Anne Elon College, N. C. 

Bean, Frances Spencer, N. C. 

Boone, Robert 107 Gilmerton Ave., Portsmouth, Va. 

Cheek, Mrs. Ethel Russell Route 1, Graham, N. C 

Clemmer, Lelia Route 2, Burlington, N. C. 

Fitch, Edna Burlington, N. C 

Fogleman, Mary Lou 400 Park Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Fuller, Mrs. Mamie F Burlington, N. C. 

Gregg, Bessie Burlington, N. C. 

Griffin, Wilma Snow Camp, N. C. 

Harden, Margaret Graham, N. C. 

Harrington, Helen Route 2, Sanford, N. C. 

Iseley, Myrtle Burlington, N. C 

Long, Mrs. Helen L 408 Trollinger, Burlington, N. C. 

Mashburn, Beatrice Star, N. C. 

McLean, Mrs. Virginia Tate Graham, N. C. 

Messick, Rose Elon College, N. C. 

Paul, Evelyn Box 790, Burlington, N. C. 

Reynolds, Etheline Leaman, N. C 

Rountree, Lillie Mae Gibsonville, N. C. 

Sizemore, Vallie Gibsonville, N. C. 

Somers, Emma Route 2, Elon College, N. C. 

Stephens, Ona Mary 66 Market St., Hertford, N. C. 

Tapscott, Burce Route 4, Burlington, N. C. 

Thompson, Mrs. Georgia Amick Elon College, N. C. 

Thompson, Annie Sydnie Maple St., Graham, N. C. 

Thompson, Henrietta Elizabeth Maple, Graham, N. C. 

Troxler, Mildred Route 1, Elon College, N. C. 

Walker, Eleanor Frances Graham, N. C. 

Walker, Mary Frances Front St., Burlington, N. C. 

Warren, Dorothy Staley, N. C. 

White, Mrs. Alice T Box 185, Graham, N. C. 

Wilson, Mrs. Myrtle Box 185, Graham, N. C. 

Woosley, Katherine Elouise Mebane, N. C. 

COMMERCIAL. 

Abner, Hazel Ruth 27 Stokes St., Burlington, N. C. 

Anderson, Dorothy May 800 S. Main St., Burlington, N. C. 

Anderson, Margaret Frances Haw River, N. C. 

Anderson, Ruth Virginia McLeansville, N. C. 

Apple, Dorothy Pauline Elon College, N. C- 

Baynes, Byrdean Route 4, Reidsville, N. C. 

Best, Mildred Elizabeth Route 2, Enfield, N. C. 

Brown, Anderena Route 2, Elon College, N. C. 

Bryan, Celeste Burlington, N. C. 

Chase, Dorothy Route 1, Freemont, N. C. 

Coneby, Alma Pauline 1401 Fairmont St., N. W., Washington, D. C. 

Cox, Edna Lucy Route 1, Sanford, N. C- 

Davis, Lillie Frances Route 1, Elon College, N. C. 

Dean, Mildred Bernice Route 2, Wendell, N. C. 

Dixon, Annie Dare 303 Ireland, Burlington, N. C- 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 105 

Fowler, Nannie Mebane, N. C. 

Goode, Grace Wilkins Virgilina, Va. 

Goodes, Marion Edith Davis St., Burlington, N. C. 

Hamm, Alvin Ray 529 Rowland St., Henderson, N. C 

Hawkins, Elizabeth Burlington, N. C. 

Hobby, Ralph Julian S. Main St., Burlington, N. C. 

Hopkins, Margaret Virginia 172 Columbia Ave., Hampton, Va. 

Hoyt, Elizabeth 5210 East St., Walpole, Mass. 

Humble, Vida Route 1, Liberty, N. C. 

Ireland, Iris Eloise Route 2, Elon College, N. C. 

Jeffrey^ Harvey Augustus, Jr Route 3, Burlington, N. C 

Johnson, Essie Lucille Zuni, Va. 

Jones, John C Route 1, Elon College, N. C. 

Kearns, Mozelle Route 2, Asheboro, N. C* 

Kivette, Edna Murray 112 Piedmont Way, Burlington, N. C. 

Lackey, Imogene Laura Fallston, N. C. 

Lilley, Evelyn Route 1, Williamson, N. C 

Morton, John Everette Route 1, Elon College, N. C. 

Phillips, Claire Laurentine 1101 W. Carolina Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Price, Paul Weaver Ellenboro, N. C- 

Rascoe, Emma Rachel 31 Montgomery St., Reidsville, N. C. 

Rascoe, Marion Gray 21 Montgomery, Reidsville, N. C. 

Rich, Judith Parker 2810 Madison Ave., Newport News, Va. 

Roache, Julia Anne Snow Camp, N. C. 

Schwob, Helen Elizabeth 138 E. Livingston Ave., Orlando, Fla. 

Smith, Mary Elizabeth 204 E. Franklin St., Rockingham, N. C. 

Sneed, Annie Ruth Church St., Burlington, N. C. 

Straughn, Aline Route 3, Siler City, N. C. 

Thompson, Margaret Elizabeth Route 1, Suffolk, Va. 

Trollinger, Sara Frances 911 N. Main, Burlington, N. C. 

Troxler, Irven Route 4, Burlington, N. C. 

Vanderford, Mabel 203 Graves St., Burlington, N. C. 

Wilkins, Luther Woodrow Route 1, Suffolk, Va. 

Wilson, Jane Louise Lemon Springs, N. C. 

SECOND - YEAR COMMERCIAL. 

Bivins, Mary Eugenia Box 367, Hillsboro, N. C. 

Holyman, Nancy Lee 900 McCormick Ave., Clifton Forge, Va. 

Mangum, Marie Burlington, N. C.- 
Nash, Margaret Elon College, N. C. 

Rierson, Mary Elizabeth Gibsonville, N. C- 

Rountree, Lillie Neal Gibsonville, N. C. 

EXTENSION. 

Aldridge, Gladys Crawford 618 Fountain Place, Burlington, N. C. 

Andrews, Ruby Jane Route 1, Graham, N. C. 

Barnette, R. W Route 1, Mebane, N. C. 

Barnwell, Mary Elizabeth 412 W. Front St., Burlington, N. C. 

Braxton, Archie F Snow Camp, N. C.- 
Cook, James S., Jr S. Main St., Graham, N. C 

Collins, Mrs. Ethel Zimmerman Gibsonville, N. C. 

Earle, Dorothy Lee Mebane, N. C. 

Gregg, Bessie Lorraine 305 Logan St., Burlington, N. C. 

Harden, Margaret Graham, N C 

Holmes, Bessie L Graham, N. C. 



106 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

Holt, Mrs. Elsie Coble Route 1, Graham, N. C. 

Hook, Mrs. Minnie Edge Elon College, N. C. 

Howell, C. W Elon College, N. C. 

Johnson, Otto Caesar Snow Camp, N. C. 

Lindley, Gladys (Mrs.) Beaumont Ave., Burlington, N. C 

Lindley, W. A Route 2, Graham, N. C. 

Mclntyre, Annie Mae N. Main St., Graham, N. C. 

Nixon, Ella May 607 W. Front St., Burlington, N. C. 

Perry, Mary Lou Smith Graham, N. C. 

Self, Ethel Lindly Burlington, N. C. (H.G.) 

Strailman, Virginia Lee 408 W. Front St., Burlington, N. C. 

Stuart, Lyndon Everette Snow Camp, N. C. 

Thompson, Annie Sydnie Maple St., Graham, N. C. 

Thompson, Henrietta Elizabeth Maple St., Graham, N. C. 

Walker, Claud L Route 3, Burlington, N. C. 

Walker, Nannie Bruce Route 3, Burlington, N. C. 

Warren, Lila Ruth 404 S. Broad St., Burlington, N. C. 

Wicker, Winston Camille Mebane, N. C 

Wilson, Mrs. Myrtle E Box 185, Graham, N. C. 

Yoder, Mrs. Edwin M Mebane, N. C 

MUSIC. 

Allen, Joe 304 Hillcrest, Burlington, N. C. 

Allen, Louis C, Jr 304 Hillcrest, Burlington, N. C 

Allred, Faye Catherine Highway 93, Burlington, N. C 

Barney, Elva Grace Elon College, N. C. 

Barney, Mrs.^ J. W Elon College, N. C. 

Barney, Winifred Elon College, N. C 

Barnwell, Mrs. R. W Burlington, N. C. 

Bauknecht, Harry Midland Ave., Ridgewood, N. J. 

Bean, Frances Spencer, N. C. 

Boone, Helen 206 Everette St., Burlington, N. C. 

Brown, Howard 2338 Greenway Ave., Charlotte, N. C. 

Carr, Betty Jane 708 W. Davis St., Burlington, N. C. 

Cates, Howard Burlington, N. C. 

Chason, Mary Helen Lumber Bridge, N. C. 

Clapp, William Keith Route 4, Burlington, N. C. 

Colclough, Mrs. Sue Watts Elon College, N. C. 

Corbitt, Sarah Sunbury, N. C. 

Craven, Mildred Ramseur, N. C. 

Dailey, Helen 306 Tarpley St., Burlington, N. C. 

Dawson, Mary 1005 Webb Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Divers, Richard Stuart, Va. 

Faulconer, Catherin 608 Webb Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Felton, Margaret 249 Lincoln Place, Irvington, N. J. 

Fitch, Edna 605 S. Mebane St., Burlington, N. C 

Fitzgerald, Fern 109 E. Nance St., Whiteville, N. C. 

Fonville, DeRoy 413 N. Main St., Burlington, N. C. 

Foster^ C. T., Jr 612 Cameron St., Burlington, N. C. 

Foster, Dolly Ree 43 Maple St., Burlington, N. C. 

Foushee, Carolyn Parks Elon College, N. C. 

Fowler, Virginia Central Terrace, Burlington, N. C. 

Friedman, Muriel Brookwood, Burlington, N. C. 

Gant, Catherine Ravenel 912 W. Davis St., Burlington, N. C 

Garner, Ralph Route 2, Newport, N. C. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 107 

Goode, Grace Virgilina, Va. 

Hamrick, Charles Boiling Springs, N. C- 

Harrington, Helen Route 2, Sanford, N. C. 

Hatfield, Maxine Shenandoah, Va. 

Hayden, Vernon B 1929 W. Prentis Ave., Portsmouth, Va. 

Holt, Betty 1103 W. Davis St., Burlington, N. C. 

Hook, Doris Patricia Elon College, N. C. 

Hook, Jeanne Elon College, N. C. 

Hook, Jessie Irene Elon College, N. C. 

Hubbard, Louis Farmville, Va 

Huffman, Louis Gordon Route 4, Burlington, N. C. 

Heatwole, Hubert Burlington, N. C. 

Isley, Truth Burlington, N. C 

James, Catherine Staunton, Va. 

Kernodle, Mrs. Esther Cole 702 Central Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Lee, Frances Virgilina, Va. 

Martin, Roberta Eagle Rock, N. C 

Mashburn, Beatrice Star, N. C. 

May, Jack 1404 W. Market St., Greensboro, N. C. 

McDade, Millard 212 Glenwood Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

McEwen, Iris Holt Davis St., Burlington, N. C. 

Messick, Helen Margaret Elon College, N. C. 

Messick, Mrs. J. D LElon College, N. C. 

Moore, Wayne Thompson 115 Anthony St., Burlington, N. C. 

Murray, Jane Burlington, N. C 

Oakley, Mary Frances Box 324, Elon College, N. C. 

Owens, Spencer 1021 Ann St., Portsmouth, Va. 

Phillips, Mrs. Octavia Burlington, N. C. 

Reynolds, Etheline Leaman, N. C. 

Rich, Judith 2810 Madison Ave., Newport News, Va. 

Roach, Edith Burlington, N. C. 

Smith, Anneta Brown Summit, N. C. 

Stephens, Ona Mary Hertford, N. C. 

Steverson, Benjamin 2009 Elm Ave., Portsmouth, Va. 

Trollinger, Sara 911 N. Main St., Burlington, N. C 

Underwood, Rufus Yanceyville, N. C. 

Utt, Kenneth Route 3, Winston-Salem, N. C. 

Vore, Duane Elon College, N. C. 

Walker, Mary Frances Front St., Burlington, N. C 

Webster, Elsie May Burlington, N. C- 

Whitten, Katherine Elon College, N. C. 

Whitten, Martha Lee Elon College, N. C. 

Wilkins, Locala Edgewood Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Wise, Henry '. 1021 22nd St., Newport News, Va. 

Womble, Ellen. . . . w Sanford, N. C. 

Yarbrough, Walter Erskine Dunn, N. C. 

SPECIAL LIBERAL ARTS. 

Anderson, James Henry 212 Sixth St., Burlington, N. C. 

Brunansky, Joseph Durham, N. C 

Burgess, A. P., Jr N. Broad St., Burlington, N. C. 

Burgiss, L. Grady 103 E. Wendover Ave., Greensboro, N. C. 

Chandler, Luther Greensboro, N. C. 

Colclough, Mrs. Sue Watts Elon College, N. C. 

Fouts, Lucy Rosalind Thomasville, N. C. 



108 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

Isley, Mary Alner ._ Route 2, Elon College, N. C. 

Jean, Mrs. Rebecca Joy G 3211 14th St., Chattanooga, Temu 

Kivette, Florence Olga Gibsonville, N. C. 

Knight, Turner Talmadge Graham, N. C. 

Richardson, Mrs. Alma J Elon College, N. C. 

Saunders, James Harvie Greensboro, N. C. 

Stafford, Ola Addie Route 13, Burlington, N. C. 

Sutton, Milton Elton East Willow Brook, Burlington, N. C. 

Thompson, Mrs. E. H Elon College, N. C. 

Torrans, Kenneth Ray Burlington, N. C. 

Welch, William Godfrey 117 Tarpley St., Burlington, N. C. 

White, James William 25 Cullen St., Taunton, Mass_ 

SUMMER SESSION— 1938. 

Aldridge, Gladys Crawford 618 Fountain Place, Burlington, N. C. 

Aldridge, Mrs. V. Davis Box 561, Burlington, N. C. 

Allen, Mrs. Louis C 304 Hillcrest Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Andrews, Mrs. Ina Dunlap Bonlee, N. C. 

Andrews, Ruby Jane Graham, N. C. 

Barker, Jesse Robert Haw River, N. C. 

Barney, Winifred Elon College, N. C. 

Bowers, Thurman F Greensboro, N. C. 

Brannon, Horace Mill Springs, N. C. 

Brooks, Hall Roxboro, N. C 

Bryant, Edith Virginia Elon College, N. C, 

Burton, Mrs. Rhetta Newman Brown Summit, N. C. 

Campbell, Cleveland Eugene Danville, N. C. 

Gates, Melba Warren 218 Union St., Burlington, N. C. 

Cheek, Mrs. Ethel Russell Route 1, Graham, N. C. 

Clapp, Keith William Route 4, Burlington, N. C, 

Clark, Mrs. Ruth B Reidsville, N. C. 

Coble, Helen Louise 508 S. Broad St., Burlington, N. C. 

Coleman, Pauline Coble Burlington, N. C. 

Collins, Mrs. Ethel Z Gibsonville, N. C. 

Craven, Mildred Ramseur, N. C. 

Cromlish, Richard S 819 E. End Ave., Wilkinsburg, Pa. 

Dailey, Helen 605 N. Davis St., Burlington, N. C. 

Day, James Woodsdale, N. C. 

Divers, Richard Stuart, Va. 

Earle, Dorothy Lee Mebane, N. C. 

Farmer, Mrs. Virginia Lucille North Wilksboro, N. C. 

Faucette, Alma Margaret Brown Summitt, N. C. 

Fogleman, Gwendolyn P Burlington, N. C. 

Fogleman, Mary Lou 400 Park Ave., Burlington, N. C. 

Fonville, DeRoy N. Main St., Burlington, N. C. 

Foster, Mrs. J. L Elon College, N. C. 

Foster, Mabel Tapscott S. Main St., Burlington, N. C. 

Foster, Mary Lee Elon College,N. C. 

Foster, Ruby Lee Burlington, N. C- 

Fuller, Mrs. Mamie Fuller Burlington, N. C. 

Furness, Thomas, Jr No. 2 Terrace Drive, Canton, N. C. 

Garian, Charles 2525 Hanover Ave., Richmond, Va. 

Garian, Jake ._ 2525 Hanover Ave., Richmond, Va. 

Gillispie, James Haw River, N. C. 

Glenn, Mrs. Katie B Route 1, Graham, N. C. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 109 

Gregg, Bessie Lorraine 305 Logan St., Burlington, N. C. 

Griffin, Wilma Lois Snow Camp, N. C. 

Hackney, James Parks 103 S. Mebane St, Burlington, N. C. 

Harden, Margaret Graham, N. C. 

Hardesty, Mrs. E. H 509 Trollinger St., Burlington, N. C. 

Harviel, Nell Marie 305 Hoke St., Burlington, N. C. 

Hoffman, Louis Gordon Burlington, N. C. 

Hoffman, Violet Graham Route 4, Burlington, N. C. 

Holleman, Maggie Frances Burlington, N. C. 

Holt, Mrs. Elsie Coble Route 1, Graham, N. C. 

Howell, Mrs. Lora Frances Elon College, N. C. 

Hudgins, Maxine 838 W. 34th St., Norfolk, Va. 

Hunt, Edward Albert Oxford, N. C. 

Iseley, Rena, Maude R. F. D., Burlington, N. C. 

Johnson, Mrs. R. H Reidsville, N. C. 

Jones, Mrs. Rachel Fonville Route 5, Burlington, N. C 

Kemp, Evelyn Miller Reidsville, N. C. 

Kemp, Sarah Price Reidsville, N. C. 

Kerns, Virginia Star, Va. 

Lankford. Mrs. Kathleen Amnions Elon College, N. C. 

Leath, June Francis 416 Spring St., Burlington, N. C. 

Lee, Frances Jones Virgilina, Va. 

Logue, Ruby 449 Broad St., Atlanta, Ga. 

Mabe, Coy E Prospect Hill, N. C 

Manchester, Leslie 16 Judd St., Bristol, Conn. 

Markham, Elizabeth Route 6, Durham, N. C. 

Martin, Dwight D Yadkinville, N. C. 

McCall, Mrs. Elizabeth Stoddard Burlington, N. C. 

McCollum, Mrs. R. W Reidsville, N. C. 

McDonald, Mrs. Martha Dawson 5112 Seminole Ave., Tampa, Fla. 

McLeod, Mrs. Bernice Mount Airy, N. C. 

McPherson, William Burlington, N. C. 

Meachum, James Robert Morven, N. C. 

Murchison, James Victor Route 2, Liberty, N. C. 

Murray, Beulah L Snow Camp, N. C. 

Neese, Jack _. Reidsville, N. C 

Noah, Mrs. Clara Stroud Elon College, N. C. 

Oakley, Mary Frances Elon College, N. C. 

Oakley, Virginia Margaret Elon College, N. C. 

Oliver, Mrs. Katie Price Reidsville, N. C. 

Parker, James Linwood , Portsmouth, Va. 

Parker, James Wesley 1530 Barron St., Portsmouth, Va. 

Patton, Mrs. W. J 708 Church St., Burlington, N. C. 

Perry, Thomas Route 4, Jonesboro, N. C. 

Phillips, Irma Dell Burlington, N. C. 

Phillips, J. C Bennett, N. C. 

Piland, Ida Mae Route 3, Suffolk, Va. 

Puglisi, John George 56 Dewey Ave., New York 

Rauhut, Elizabeth Magedalene Burlington, N. C. 

Rawls, Charles Suffolk, Va. 

Rector, Joseph Valdese, N. C. 

Rigney, Viney Sue Elon College, N. C. 

Robbins, John Nelson Graham, N. C. 

Rumley, Mrs. Mary Matkins Elon College, N. C. 

Scales, Helen Catherine Greensboro, N. C. 



110 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

Scarborough, R. W Wake Forest, N. C- 

Scott, Mary Harden Randleman, N. C. 

Secrest, Paul Drexel, N. C. 

Self, Mrs. Ethel Lindley Burlington, N. C. 

Simpson, Ida C Altamahaw, N. C.- 
Smith, Anneta Angeline Brown Summit, N. C. 

Smith, Howard Conway Kipling, N. C. 

Smith, Mrs. Lettie F Gibsonville, N. C. 

Somers, Emma Virginia Elon College, N. C. 

Somers, Vernon Elon College, N. C. 

Spell, LeRoy Penn Roseboro, N. C. 

Thomasson, G. L Nurlington, N. C. 

Thompson, Annie Sydnie Mapel St., Graham, N. C. 

Thompson, Henrietta Elizabeth Graham, N. C. 

Tuck, Wilbur H Virgilina, Va. 

Walden, J. F Moncure, N. C. 

Walker, Brona Pernell Gibsonville, N. C. 

Walker, Landon 1218 Dilworth Road, Charlotte, N. C. 

Walker, Mary Hannah Gibsonville, N. C. 

Walker, Ola Verena Gibsonville, N. C. 

Walters, Charles Union St., Burlington, N. C. 

Ware, Mrs. Pinkie Craft Box 389, Toccoa, Ga. 

Watson, Allen Morven, N. C. 

Waynick, Mildred G Route 1, Reidsville, N. C. 

Webster, George D Elon College, N. C. 

Wicker, Winston Camille Mebane, N. C 

Williams, Howard Taf t Eagle Springs, N. C. 

Williams, Mrs. Swanna K Eagle Springs, N. C. 

Wilson, Mrs. Myrtle F Graham, N. C. 

Wilson, William Woodrow Mebane, N. C. 

Wood, Hayes . . . . ._, Graham, N. C. 

Woodson, Julia Elizabeth Burlington, N. C. 

Wright, Lucy Mae Star, N. C. 

Yoder, Mrs. Edwin M Mebane, N. C. 

Young, Christine Florence Graham, N. C. 

SUMMARY. 

Seniors 71 

Juniors 73 

Sophomores 106 

Freshmen 217 

Commercial 55 

Special Liberal Arts 19 

Extension 31 

Art 36 

Music 79 

687 
Less Those Counted Twice , 62 

Total of Regular Session 625 

Summer Session of 1938 132 

Grand Total 757 



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A GENER ider 




A GENERAL VIEW OF THE COLLEGE CAMPUS. 




AIRPLANE VIEW OF THE ELON COLLEGE CAMPUS 







E CAMPUS 



Vol. XXXVI 



February, 1940 



No. 1 



THE BULLETIN 

OF 

ELON COLLEGE 

FIFTY-FIRST 

ANNUAL ANNOUNCEMENT 

FOR 

1940-1941 

AND 

CATALOGUE OF 1939-1940 




ELON COLLEGE 

Elon College, N. C. 

Bulletin Issued Quarterly 



Entered as second-class mail at the postoffice of Elon College, N. C, under 
the act of July 16, 1894. 



Member of 

THE ASSOCIATION OF AMERICAN COLLEGES 

and of the 

NORTH CAROLINA COLLEGE CONFERENCE 



Contents 



' Page 

College Calendar 5 

Board of Trustees 6 

The Faculty 7 

Officers of Administration 10 

Faculty Committees 10 

Educational Philosophy 11 

Administration 12 

The Physical Environment 14 

Buildings and Equipment 15 

Historical Sketch 18 

Annual Events 22 

Student Organizations 23 

Student Expenses 28 

Boarding Department 29 

Academic Regulations 33 

Scholarships 43 

Loan Funds 45 

Endowment and Sources of Income 46 

Outline of Courses of Study 51 

Departments of Instruction of the College : 

Biology 58 

Business Administration 59 

Chemistry 65 

Education 66 

English 72 

Geography and Geology 75 

Greek 75 

History 76 

Mathematics 78 

Modern Languages 79 

Philosophy and Religion 80 

Physics 83 

Psychology 85 

Sociology 85 

Special Departments of the College : 

Art 87 

Home Economics 88 

Music 90 

Physical Education 94 

Roster of Students in the College 95 

Schedule of Recitations Ill 



1940 


JANUARY 


MAY 


SEPTEMBER 


S |M 


T 


W 


T 


F |S 


S |M 


T |W|T IF | S 


S |M 


T 


W 


T 


F 


s 




1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 








1 


21 3 


4 


1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 10 


11 


8 


9 


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11 


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13 


14 


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15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 117 


18 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


i 21 


22 


23 


24 


25 


26 


27 


19 


20 


21 


22 


23 124 


25 


22 


23 


24 


25 


26 


27 


28 


28 


29 


30 


31 








26 


27 


28 


29 


30 31 |. . 


29 


30 












FEBRUARY 


JUNE 


OCTOBER 










1 


2 


3 














1 






1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


4 


6 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


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11 


12 


13 


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16 


17 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


IS 


IS 


19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 


20 


21 


22 


23 


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25 


26 


26 


26 


27 


28 


29 






23 
30 


24 


25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


27 


28 


29 


30 


31 






MARCH 


JULY 


NOVEMBER 












1 


2 


.11 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 












1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


7| 8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


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15 


16 


14 115 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


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21 


22 


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21 22 


23 


24 


25 


26 


27 


17 


18 


19 


20 


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22 


23 


24 
SI 


25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


30 


28|29 


30 


31 








24 


25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


30 




.. |..|.. |..|.. |..|.. 
DECEMBER 


APRIL 


AUGUST 




1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 










1 


2 


3 


1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


4 


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19 


20 


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26 


27 


28 


28 


29 


30 










25|26 


27 


28 


29 


30 


31 


29 


30 


31 










1941 


JANUARY 


MAY 


SEPTEMBER 








1 


2 


3 4 










1 


2 


3 




1 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


is 8 


12 


13 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


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17 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 |i 


1 19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


25 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


21 


22 


23 


24 


25 


26 


27 | 


26 


27 


28 


29 


30 


31 




25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


30 31 


28 


29 


30 










FEBRUARY 


JUNE 


OCTOBER 














1 


1 


2 


3 


/i 


5 


6 


7 








1 


2 


3 


* N 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


5 


6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


n i 


9 


10 


11 


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13 


14 


15 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


12 


13 


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18 § 


16 


17 


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22 


23 


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26 


27 


28 


19 


20 


21 


22 


23 


24 


25 | 


23 


24 


25|26 


27 


28 




29 


30 












26 


27 


28 


29 


30 


31 




MARCH 


JULY 


NOVEMBER 














1 




1 


2 


3 


4 


5 














1 9 


2 


3 


4 


5 


6 


7 


8 


6 7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


2 


3 


4 


5 


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7 


8 1 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 


13 1 14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 


15 1 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 


20)21 


22 


23 


24 


25 


26 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 


21 


22 g 


23 


24 


25 


26 


27 


28 


29 


27128 


29 


30 


31 






23 


24 


25 


26 


27 


28 


29 \ 


SO 


31 












■ • 1 • • 












30 












s 


APRIL 


AUGUST 


DECEMBER 






1 


21 3 


4 5 










1 


2 




1 


2 


?. 


4 


5 


6 i 


6 


7 


8 


9 10 


11 


12 


3 


4 


5 


6 7 


S 


9 


7 


S 


9 


10 


If 


12 


13 1 


13 


14 


15 


16 17 


18 


19 


10 


11 


12 


13 14 


15 


16 


14 


15 


16 


17 


18 


19 


20 | 


20 


21 


22 


23 124 


25 


26 


17 


18 


19 


20 21 


22 


23 


21 


22 


23 


24 


25 


26 


27 I 


27 


28 


29 


30 . . 






24 


25 


26 


27|28 


29 


30 


28 


29 


30 


31 








• 




■• 


•■ 




•■ 




31 




•• 




• ■ 








•■ 




■• 






•• 1 



College Calendar 

SESSION OF 1940-1941 



September 3-5 — Freshman Period. Fall Semester begins. 

September 4-5 — Freshman Registration. 

September 6 — Registration for Upperclassmen, and Freshmen Classes begin. 

September 7 — Upperclassmen Classes begin. 

September 7 — Annual Faculty Reception. 

September 8 — Opening Address of the President. 

October 12 — Sophomore-Freshman Reception. 

November 4 — Mid-Semester Grade Reports due. 

November 15 — Subjects for Senior Essays due. 

November 28 — Thanksgiving Day. 

December 7 — Senior-Junior Dinner. 

December 1 — Elon Singers present Christmas Program. 

December 14, 12:00 M. -December 31 — Christmas Holidays. 

January 1 — Class resume, 8:00 A. M. 

January 15-18 — Registration Afternoons for Second Semester. 

January 20 — Classes for Spring Semester begin. 

February 1 — Freshman-Sophomore Reception. 

February 8 — Mid- Year Alumni Meeting. 

February 11 — Meeting of the Board of Trustees. 

March 1 — First Draft of Senior Essay due. 

March 14 — Senior Honor, given by President and Mrs. L. E. Smith. 

March 25 — Classes resume, 8 : 00 A. M. 

March 15 — Mid-Semester Grade Reports due. 

March 17-24 — Spring Holidays. 

April 13 — Easter Sunday. 

April 15 - May 1 — Senior Essay and Comprehensive Examinations. 

May 3 — May Day Exercises. 

May 9 — Junior-Senior Dinner. 

May 20-24 — Second Semester Examinations. 

May 24-27 — Commencement Exercises. 

May 27 — Meeting of the Board of Trustees, 9:30 A. M. 

June 3 — Summer Schools opens. 



Board of Trustees 



Leon Edgar Smith, D. D., President, ex officio Elon College, N. C. 

Dr. W. H. Boone, Chairman Durham, N. C. 

Alton West, Business Manager Elon College, N. C. 

Stanley C. Harrell, Secretary Durham, N. C. 

TERM EXPIRES MAY, 1940. 

Col. E. E. Holland Suffolk, Va. 

W. H. Boone, M. D Durham, N. C. 

J. A. Kimball Manson, N. C. 

W. Horace Day, D. D Bridgeport, Conn. 

Russell J. Clinchy Hartford, Conn. 

Richard H. Clapp New Haven, Conn. 

C. W. McPherson Burlington, N. C. 

W. B. Truitt Greensboro, N. C. 

TERM EXPIRES MAY, 1942. 

H. Shelton Smith, D. D Durham, N. C 

Harry K. Eversull, D. D Marietta, Ohio 

J. O. Atkinson, D. D Elon College, N. C. 

Mrs. Russell T. Bradford R. 2, Suffolk, Va. 

Hon. Kemp B. Johnson Fuquay Springs, N. C. 

Miss Susie Holland Suffolk, Va. 

D. R. Fonville, Esq Burlington, N. C. 

J. H. McEwen Burlington, N. C. 

E. C. Gillette, D. D Jacksonville, Fla. 

John L. Farmer Wilson, N. C. 

V. R. Holt Burlington, N. C. 

Miles Krumbine Shaker Heights, Cleveland, Ohio 

TERM EXPIRES MAY, 1944. 

Col. J. E. West Suffolk, Va. 

Prof. L. L. Vaughan Raleigh, N. C. 

S. C. Harrell, D. D Durham' N. C. 

Chas. D. Johnston Elon College, N. C. 

E L. Moffitt, LL. D Greensboro, N. C. 

Luther E. Carlton Paces, Va. 

F. L. Fagley, D. D New York City 

W. J. Ballentine Fuquay Springs, N. C. 

O. F. Smith Norfolk, Va. 

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE. 

L. E. Smith, C. W. McPherson, W. H. Boone, S. C. Harrell, L. L. 
Vaughan, and J. L. Farmer. 



The Faculty 



LEON EDGAR SMITH 

President 
A. B., Elon College; M. A., Princeton University; D. D., Elon College 

JOHN DECATUR MESSICK 

Dean, Head of the Department of Education 

Ph. B., Elon College; University of North Carolina; Ph.D., New York 

University 

JULIA MAE OXFORD 

Dean of Women, Assistant Professor of Psychology 

A. B., Bessie Tift College; M. A., University of Georgia; 

Graduate Work, Duke University 

ALONZO LOHR HOOK 

Registrar, Professor of Physics 

A. B., M. A., Elon College; M.S., Cornell University, Additional 

Graduate work, Johns Hopkins University, University of 

Chicago, Duke University 

JOHN WILLIS BARNEY 

Associate Professor of English 

A. B., Elon College; Graduate work, Columbia University, University 

of Virginia, University of North Carolina 

GEORGE BEECHER 

Assistant Professor of Education and Science 

A. B., Yale University; Grraduate work, Yale University, 

University of Louisville 

D. J. BOWDEN 

Associate Professor of Religion and Philosophy 

B. S., Virginia Polytechnic Institute; B. D., Ph.D., Yale University 

NED FAUCETTE BRANNOCK 

Professor of Chemistry 

A. B., M.A., Elon Colege; M.S., Columbia University; Litt. D., 

Defiance College; Additional graduate work, Johns Hopkins 

University, University of North Carolina 

JOE BRUNANSKY 

Assistant Coach and Director of Intramural Sports 
Duke University 

GEORGE L. CARRINGTON 

Chief Surgeon, Alamance General Hospital 

Instructor in Health and Hygiene 

A. B., University of North Carolina; M. A., Duke University; 

M. D., Johns Hopkins University 



8 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

JOHN A. CLARKE 

Professor of Modem Languages 

A. B., Hampden-Sydney College; M. A., University of Virginia; 

Ph. D., Columbia University 

FLETCHER COLLINS, Jr. 

Professor of English 
Ph. B., Ph.D., Yale University 

LEONORA DAVIS 

Instructor in Commercial Department 
B. S., Tennessee College ; Graduate work, Bowling Green Business University 

LESTER COOLIDGE DICKINSON 

Assistant Professor of History 

A. B., M. A., George Washington University; Residence requirements 

completed for Ph. D. at Columbia University 

THOMAS LEE EDWARDS 

Instructor of Voice 
Mus. B ., Oberlin University 

MRS. THOMAS LEE EDWARDS 

Instructor of Voice 

Mus. B., Oberlin University 

MERTON FRENCH 

Associate Professor of Religion and Greek 
A. B., Washburn College; M. A., Ph.D., Brown University 

HOWARD S. GRAVETT 

Assistant Professor of Biology 

A. B., James Millikin University; M. A., Ph.D., University of Illinois 

HORACE HENDRICKSON 

Head Coach and Director of Physical Education 
A. B., Duke University 

MRS. HORACE HENDRICKSON 

Director of Physical Education for Girls 

B. S., University of Pittsburg 

HANS HIRSCH 

Professor of Modern Languages 

Hoehere Reifepruefung Realgymnasium, Mannheim, University of 

Frankfort-on-the-Main, University of Heidelbuerg, University 

of Vienna, Ph. D., University of Munich. 

WAITUS W. HOWELL 

Associate Professor of Business Administration 

A. B., Elon College; M. A., University of North Carolina 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 

MRS. SUE CRAFT HOWELL 

Instructor of Commercial Department 

A. B., La Grange College; M.S., North Carolina State College 

MRS. OMA U JOHNSON 

Librarian 

Ph. B., A. B., Elon College; B. S., Columbia University 

FLETCHER MOORE 
Instructor of Piano and Organ 
A. B., Elon College; M. A., Columbia University; Julliard School of Music; 
Piano Student of Sascha Gorodnitzki and Guy Maier 

LIDA MUSE 

Instructor of Home Economics 

B. S., University of Tennessee; M. A., Columbia University 

JOHN URQUART NEWMAN 

Professor of Biblical Language and Literature 

A. B., University of North Carolina; Ph.D., Chicago University; 

Litt. D., LaGrandge; D.D., Union College 

LILA CLARE NEWMAN 

Instructor of Art 

Ph. B., Elon College; Graduate work, Columbia University and 

Harvard University 

STUART G. PRATT 

Associate Professor of Music 

A. B., Hartwick College; Mus. B., Philadelphia Musical Academy; 

Mus. M., Syracuse University. Two years' study in Berlin, 

Germany, under Marta Siebold (piano), Hugo Kaun 

(theory and composition), and Walter Scharwenka 

(organ) ; Colleague of the American Guild 

Organists 

AUSTIN DEVER SPRAUGE 

Assistant Professor of Mathematics 

A ..B, Miami University; M. Sc, Ph.D., Ohio State University 

JAMES H. STEWART 

Instructor of Business Administration 

A. B., Transylvania College; M. A., University of Kentucky 

WILLIAM B. TERRELL 

Principal, Teacher Training School 

A. B., Elon College; Graduate work, University of North Carolina 

JAMES OSCAR ATKINSON 

Lecturer on Christian Missions 

A. B., Wake Forrest; M. A., Harvard University; D. D., Elon College 

HOWARD BROWN 
Student Director of College Band 



10 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 



OFFICERS OF ADMINISTRATION 

LEON EDGAR SMITH, A. B., M. A., D. D., President. 
J. D. MESSICK, Ph. B., Ph. D., Dean. 
JULIA MAE OXFORD, A. B., M. A., Dean of Women. 
ALONZO LOHR HOOK, A. B., M. A., M. S., Registrar. 
ALTON WEST, A. B., Accountant and Business Manager. 
GEORGE D. COLCLOUGH, A. B., Director of Public Relations and Alumni 
Secretary. 



FACULTY COMMITTEES 

Administrative — Dean Messick, Dean Oxford, Mr. West, Dr. Bowden, Prof. 

Hook. 
Alumni Cooperation — Mr. Howell, Dr. Clark, Mr. Colclough. 
Athletic — Prof. Barney, Prof. Hook, Dean Messick, Mr. West, Coach Hendrick- 

son. 
Chapel — Dr. French, Prof. Pratt, Miss Muse, Prof. Edwards. 
Debates — Dr. French, Prof. Dickinson, Dr. Collins, Mrs. Johnson, Dr. Brannock. 
Dramatics — Dr. Collins, Miss Muse, Dr. Gravett, Mr. Moore, Mrs. Hendrickson. 
Admission and Credits — Prof. Hook, Dean Messick, Dean Oxford. 
Library — Mrs. Johnson, Dr. French, Dr. Gravett, Mrs. Howell, Dr. Hirsch. 
Music Organizations — Prof. Pratt, Prof Moore, Prof. Edwards. 
Practice School — Dean Messick, Mr. Beecher, Dean Oxford, Mrs. Hendrickson. 
Religious Organisations — Dr. Bowden, Dr. French, Dr. Newman, Miss Davis, 

Miss Muse. 
Public Entertainment — Prof. Pratt, Dean Oxford, Prof. Hook, Miss Newman. 

Dr. Collins, Mrs. Edwards. 
Social Clubs — Dean Oxford, Prof. Hook, Prof. Stewart, Prof. Dickinson. 
Student Loans and Scholarships — Mr. West, Mr. Colclough, Dr. Bowden, Mr. 

Howell, Mrs. Johnson. 
Student Publications — Dr. Collins, Mr. Colclough, Prof. Hook, Mr. Beecher. 
Honors — Prof. Hook, Dr. Collins, Prof. Dickinson. 
Curriculum — Dean Messick, Prof. Hook, Dr. Collins, Dr. French, Dr. Bowden, 

Dr. Sprague. 

Student Employment — Mr. Howell, Mr. Colclough, Mr. West, Mrs. Johnson, 
Mrs. Smith. 



Catalogue of Elon College 



EDUCATIONAL PHILOSOPHY 

The purpose of this Catalogue is to set forth concisely the 
principles involved in progressive education, as contained in 
the curriculum of Elon College. Parents and students will 
find these principles both interesting and stimulating, and are. 
invited to examine the same carefully. 

The Church College, — Elon College is a church institu- 
tion, supported by the Congregational-Christian Church for 
the specific purpose of training young men and young women 
under moral and religious influences. It is not the purpose of 
the College to change or uproot honest faith in any heart, but 
to afford to every individual opportunities for moral develop- 
ment and spiritual advancement. The Church under whose 
auspices Elon College was founded and has been maintained 
has always believed in Christianity as the way of life, not as 
a system of theology or a body of doctrine. The College feels 
that Christianity is the basis for the student's way of life at 
Elon and in the years to come. The College seeks through 
education and example to preserve and develop religious values 
as a means of developing Christian character and safeguarding 
civilization. 

The Progressive College. — As a progressive college, Elon 
believes that education is a process of learning through exper- 
iences, and that these experiences should be not only intellec- 
tual, but also emotional, religious and social. Directed oppor- 
tunities are therefore given for students to gain a human 
understanding of books, themselves and other people, and 
their God. 

The Small College. — Elon College feels strongly that there 
are distinct advantages to the student in the small college en- 
vironment. There is a solidarity of interests among faculty 



12 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

and students, a group unity, which would not be as possible 
with larger numbers. Everyone knows everyone else, and a 
friendly, democratic spirit is made possible. Individualized 
instruction, personal interest and understanding on the part 
of teachers and students, and a genuine spirit of Christian 
cooperation characterize life at Elon College. 

College life at Elon is wholesome and invigorating. The 
students are not extravagant in their living, and the cost of 
education is reasonable. There are opportunities for self-help, 
affording students with limited means jobs that will pay part 
of their expenses. However, these grants are limited in 
number. 

ADMINISTRATION 

To carry out the educational philosophy of the College, 
there is an administrative organization. 

Board of Trustees. — The Board of Trustees is the final 
authority in the disposition of all matters of government and 
administration. 

President — The President is the resident agent of the 
Board and is responsible for administrative policies and plans 
for the advancement of the College. He is assisted by the 
Faculty of which body he is chairman, and, in monthly meet- 
ings with the Faculty, discusses and acts upon the manifold 
problems of administration. 

The Faculty. — The Faculty is a democratic body, and in 
meetings acts upon legislative measures pertaining to the cur- 
riculum. It also passes upon the reports and recommendations 
of Faculty committees, through which groups much of die 
detail of educational research and planning is done. These 
committees also act administratively for the Faculty in the 
interim between its sessions, but have no legislative authority. 

Dean. — The Dean of the College is responsible for the 
administration of the curriculum, regulates attendance for 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 13 

men students at classes, chapel and other religious services, and 
is in charge of the character-building and guidance programs 
for the men of the College. He is the adviser of the Student 
Senate. He also represents the President when the latter is 
out of town. 

Dean of Women. — The Dean of Women regulates, for the 
women, attendance at classes, chapel and other religious ser- 
vices, and gives permissions to leave the campus. She resides 
on the campus and is in charge of the character-building pro- 
gram for the women of the College. She is adviser of the 
women's Council. 

The two Deans, in cooperation with the President, have 
jurisdiction over the social functions of the College, and the 
officers of Student Government confer with these officials for 
advice regarding these functions. 

Business Manager. — The Business Manager carries out the 
business and financial policies of the College as directed by 
the Board of Trustees. All business contracts must have his 
endorsement before they are binding on the College. He is 
the purchasing agent for all branches of the College, and is 
custodian of all its assets and properties. He is also general 
manager of all student self-help work done on the campus, 
and of all college service departments. 

Student Government — This important branch of college 
government was granted its first constitution by the Faculty 
in 1919, and has since that time successfully operated through 
the men's Senate and later also through the women's Council. 
These constitutions, together with the by-laws of the two or- 
ganizations, are printed in the Elon Handbook. 

Registrar. — The Registrar of the College receives all ap- 
plications for entrance, and keeps the academic records of all 
students. He has charge of admissions, transcripts of records, 
grades, and other statistical data. 



14 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

THE PHYSICAL ENVIRONMENT 

The Location. — Elon College is located sixty-four miles 
west of Raleigh, seventeen miles east of Greensboro, and four 
miles west of Burlington, on the North Carolina division of 
the Southern Railway. The railroad is the southern boundary 
of the campus, and it commands a view of the college build- 
ings. State Highway No. 100 is the northern boundary. 

Eight mail and passenger trains pass the College daily. 
The short line of the Carolina Coach Company passes the 
College and affords bus accomodations to the students to all 
parts of the country. 

The Campus. — The College Campus presents a most 
beautiful and attractive appearance. It is spacious and, for 
the most part, is covered by stalwart native oak and hickory. 
Shrubbery has been placed on the campus where such ad- 
ditions would add to the beauty and attractiveness of the 
grounds. The concrete walks and driveways add to its native 
beauty and charm. Its very atmosphere is a contribution to 
the development of manhood and womanhood. The massive 
brick wall surrounding the campus lends dignity as well as 
protection and quietude. 

The Climate. — Climatic conditions are unusually favorable 
to the mental and physical development of the Elon student. 
At all seasons of the year the temperature is moderate, with 
an annual average of about 60 degrees. The winter season is 
usually short and the fall and spring seasons long and pleas- 
ant. The health of the student is thus naturally safeguarded, 
and there is abundant opportunity for the beneficial effects of 
much time spent out of doors in an atmosphere neither ener- 
vating nor forbidding. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 15 

BUILDINGS AND EQUIPMENT 

Elon College has been accurately described by an official 
of the Association of American Colleges as "the best equipped 
small college in the country." Ten buildings, thoroughly 
equipped for living and study, are on the campus; five of them 
have only recently been completed and are modern in every 
detail. 

The Greater Elon Group 

These five, three-story, fire-proof structures are constructed 
of brick and reinforced concrete, and all are identical in their 
architectural design. 

Alamance Building. — This is the administration building, 
and houses classrooms; administrative offices; the laboratories 
of the Business, Home Economics, Mechanical Drawing, and 
Art Departments; and the College Bookstore. The citizens 
of Alamance County undertook to raise an amount necessary 
to erect and equip this building. 

Carlton Library. — This building, the gift of Trustees P. J., 
H. A., and L. E. Carlton, and their sister, Mrs. T. S. Parrott, 
has a stack-room capacity for 187,500 volumes. The reading 
room has seating capacity for one hundred readers. Besides 
offices and work room for the library force, the building con- 
tains fourteen professors' research and office rooms and seven 
students' seminar rooms. 

Whitley Memorial Auditorium. — In memory of his father- 
in-law, Mr. L. H. Whitley, Mr. J. M. Darden lent $50,000 to 
assist in the erection of this building. This building houses 
the large college auditorium, designed to seat 1,000 persons, 
and is used for chapel and church services, community gath- 
erings, lyceum performances, motion pictures and concerts. 
The Music Department is completely contained in the build- 
ing, with five studios, twenty-two practice rooms with upright 



16 ELQN COLLEGE BULLETIN 

pianos, a four-manual Skinner organ, an Estey practice organ, 
and several grand pianos. The auditorium is equipped with 
a professional motion picture projection apparatus, and on the 
stage is a projection screen and adequate lighting. The equip- 
ment of the building is outstanding. 

Mooney Christian Education Building. — In memory of 
Rev. Isaac Mooney, his father-in-law, Mr. M. Orban, Jr., gave 
this building to the college. The building is devoted to the 
religious and social activities of the college. At opposite ends 
of the building on the first floor are the Y. M. C. A. and Y. 
W. C. A. recreation rooms. The second floor provides as- 
sembly hall, classrooms, and offices for the Department of 
Philosophy and Religion. The assembly hall has a seating 
capacity of 400 and is adequately equipped for student dra- 
matic performances. On the third floor is a unique feature, a 
completely graded Sunday School plant used by the entire 
community. In the basement is a woodworking shop, which 
is equipped with power tools. 

Duke Science Building. — In memory of their mother, Mrs. 
Artelia Roney Duke, a native of Alamance County, Messrs. 
J. B. and B. N. Duke donated $60,000 toward the erection of 
this modern, fire-proof building. The first floor of the build- 
ing is used by the Department of Physics and the Elon Press, 
the second by the Departments of Biology and Geology, and 
the third by the Department of Chemistry. Each floor is 
fully equipped with modern scientific furniture and labora- 
tory apparatus. 

Dormitories 

East Dormitory. — This is the only original building left 
on the campus. It is used as a dormitory for men, and is a 
three-story brick structure, completely overhauled and fitted 
up with all modern conveniences. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 17 

Alumni Building. — This building, erected in 1912, is the 
gift of the alumni to Alma Mater. It is a three-story, brick 
structure, and is used as a dormitory for men, with a men's 
gymnasium on the first floor. 

West Dormitory. — This is a three-story brick building next 
to the Library, and measures 158 by 46 feet. On the second 
and third floors are modern accommodations for 120 women 
students. The first floor contains a large reception hall, guest 
rooms and parlors, the infirmary, and living quarters for Fac- 
ulty women. The building has an annex which houses the 
two dining halls, the kitchen, and the women's gymnasium. 

Ladies' Hall. — This is a two-story brick edifice, with ac- 
commodations for 64 women. The interior has recently been 
renovated and modernized. 

Men's Hall. — Traditionally known as Publishing House, 
this building has been renovated, and is used as a dormitory 
for 50 men. 

Other Buildings 

West End Hall. — This is a fourteen-room dwelling, and 
is used as an apartment house for faculty members. 

Power Plant. — The power plant is the central station for 
heat, light, water and other service functions for the college 
buildings. Adjacent to the plant is a 50,000-gallon steel water 
tank with a deep well of pure water. 

Special Equipment 

Athletic Field. — The Athletic field contains thirty-four 
acres located near the campus, and has adequate space for all 
sports. 

Visual Education Aids. — The projection booth of the Aud- 
itorium is equipped with two 35-millimeter sound-on-film 
projectors. These projectors have low intensity arc lamps and 



18 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

RCA sound-heads. This equipment is used weekly for edu- 
cational and entertainment purposes. Projection facilities are 
provided for film strips, glass slides, opaque objects, and 16- 
millimeter films. 

Elon Press. — Housed in the Science Building is the Elon 
Press, composed of an electrically-driven printing press, seven 
complete fonts of Century and Cloister types, a composing 
table, and adequate apparatus for the printing of student pub- 
lications. 

Dramatic Stage. — The student stage in the Mooney Chris- 
tian Education Building has a proscenium opening of twenty- 
two feet and a depth of fifteen feet. Equipment includes a 
cyclorama, four mobile spot-lights, and other lighting appara- 
tus of modern design. Dressing rooms and a costume ward- 
robe are off the wings of the stage. 

HISTORICAL SKETCH 

The history of Elon College is a constituent part of the 
history of the Christian Church in the Southeast. In 1794 the 
Reverend James O'Kelly and a group of dissenters from Wes- 
leyan Methodism, then spreading through the nation, met at 
Lebanon Church in Surry County, Virginia. This group 
agreed to found what was the first democratically governed 
church to arise on American soil. They named the church 
"Christian, to the exclusion of all party and sectarian names." 
They were interested in Christianity, not as a system of the- 
ology or a body of doctrines, but as a way of life. It was on 
this basis that the Christian and Congregational Churches 
merged in 1929. 

It was on this basis, also, that Elon College in 1889 was 
founded and has been developed. Many church colleges were 
established in the Nineteenth Century; nearly every denom- 
ination had and still has a church college for the training of 
its own leadership and as its contribution to civilization. From 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 19 

the early beginning in North Carolina and Virginia there had 
been a demand on the part of the Christian Church that there 
be established a college for the denomination. The demand 
grew with the church, and in September, 1888, the Southern 
Convention met in extraordinary session in Old Providence 
Church, Graham, North Carolina, to hear the reports and 
recommendations of the Committee on Schools and Colleges. 
The Convention appointed a provisional Board for the 
proposed college, authorizing the Board to choose a site for 
the college and to make the necessary legal and financial trans- 
actions. The Board was composed of Dr. W. S. Long, Dr. J. 
Pressley Barrett, Hon. F. O. Moring, Col. J. H. Harden, and 
Dr. G. S. Watson. Dr. W. S. Long, a pioneer in higher edu- 
cation, opened a school in Graham in 1865, which developed 
into Graham Normal College, a forerunner of Elon College. 
Led by Dr. Long, the Board finally chose a site at a village 
then known as Mill Point, six miles from Graham. A tract 
of twenty-five acres of land at Mill Point was given by the 
Hon. W. H. Trollinger of Haw River. The citizens of Mill 
Point donated twenty-three acres additional, and four thou- 
sand dollars in cash. In consideration of these donations the 
college was located at Mill Point. 

The Provisional Board preferred other names, but owing 
to the predominance of stalwart oaks on the site, selected the 
name "Elon," the Hebrew word meaning oak. 

On March 11, 1889, Elon College was chartered and in- 
corporated by the General Assembly of the State of North 
Carolina. (Private Laws of North Carolina for 1889, chapter 
216, sections 1-12.) 

In keeping with the charter provisions, the original Board 
of Trustees numbered fifteen: W. S. Long, }. W. Wellons, W. 
W. Staley, G. S. Watson, M. L. Hurley, E. T. Pierce, W. J. 
Lee, P. J. Kernodle, J. F. West, E. E. Holland, E. A. Moffitt, 
J. M. Smith, J. H. Harden, F. O. Moring, and S. P. Read. 



20 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

According to this charter, the "said institution" of Elon 
College was to "remain at the place where the site is now locat- 
ed, in Alamance County, Boone Station Township, at the place 
now called Mill Point." The purpose of the college was to 
"afford instruction in the liberal arts and sciences." 

Dr. Long was elected president of the college, and six ad- 
ditional members of the faculty were elected, including Dr. J. 
U. Newman, who is still a member of he faculty. Two build- 
ings were erected on the site at Mill Point: the Administrative 
Building, a large three-story, brick building that housed the 
library, laboratories, the administrative offices, society halls, and 
classrooms for all departments; the other a dormitory for girls. 
The latter still stands on the campus. 

After four years, Dr. Long was succeeded as president in 
1893 by Dr. W. W. Staley, then pastor of the Suffolk (Virginia) 
Christian Church, who served as non-resident president without 
salary. 

Upon Dr. Staley's resignation in 1905, Dr. E. L. Moffitt was 
elected to succeed him. Dr. Moffitt served six years, during 
which time two additional buildings were erected on the cam- 
pus. A larger dormitory for girls, West Dormitory, was built, 
and East Dormitory was given over to boys. In addition, the 
power house was erected, providing electric light and steam 
heat for the college buildings. 

In 1911, Dr. E. L. Moffitt resigned as president, and Dr. 
W. A. Harper, then a member of the faculty, was elected and 
began the longest term of office in the history of the college. 
In 1912, a larger boys' dormitory and gymnasium combined 
was built and financed through the generosity of Elon Alumni. 
It is properly known as Alumni Building. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 21 

In 1913, Ladies' Hall was erected to take care of an in- 
creased enrollment of girls. 

During the period of America's participation in the World 
War, regular enrollment at Elon declined. However, a con- 
tingent of the R. O. T. C. was stationed at Elon which tempora- 
rily greatly increased the student population. 

In January, 1923, the Administration Building was de- 
stroyed by fire, and students and faculty carried on as best they 
could with improvised classrooms and equipment. Out of the 
ashes of the old building rose a great rebuilding program, to 
be undertaken in terms of the growth and development of the 
college. Facilities had for several years been inadequate, and 
the destruction of the central building made this program of 
reconstruction imperative. 

With the onset of the depression of 1929-33, the heavy 
mortgages and a decreased enrollment combined to bring hard 
times upon Elon. Following Dr. Harper's resignation in June, 
1931, the College was without a president until October of 
that year, and there was grave doubt as to whether Elon would 
be able to open its doors to students in the fall of 1931. At 
this desperate moment the Board of Trustees elected as presi- 
dent Dr. L. E. Smith, then pastor of the Christian Temple of 
Norfolk, Virginia. 

Dr. Smith succeeded in bringing Elon through the stormy 
years of the depression, and not only recouped the losses in 
personnel and students, but by 1936 had greatly reduced the 
indebtedness of the institution and increased the student en- 
rollment to more than 500. Financial problems still confront 
the College; however, the future is decidedly hopeful. Modest- 
ly, but with determination, the college is working towards a 
modern curriculum for education at the college level, a curri- 
culum which will best serve youth in our complex world. 



22 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

ANNUAL EVENTS 
Certain annual events at the College have become Elon 
traditions, and are anticipated with great pleasure by the stu- 
dents and faculty. Some of these events are broadcast directly 
from the College through Station WBIG of the Columbia 
Broadcasting System. 

Faculty Reception. — The Faculty gives a formal reception 
to the students on Saturday evening after the College opens in 
September. 

Lyceum Entertainments. — The Faculty committee on Pub- 
lic Entertainments each year schedules a series of concerts, re- 
citals, plays or lectures by distinguished artists of national 
reputation. These performances are scheduled throughout the 
year and are open to all Elon students upon payment of their 
Activity Fee. These programs are also available to the general 
public upon subscription to the series. 

Players' Evenings. — At least three times during the year, 
public performances of full-length plays are given by the Elon 
Players. 

College Recitals. — Members of the Faculty of the Music 
Department and advanced students in Music each year give a 
series of recitals in Whitley Memorial Auditorium. 

"The Messiah." — Shortly before the beginning of the 
Christmas holidays, the Elon Singers present Handel's classic 
oratorio, "The Messiah." It is presented in Whitley Memorial 
Auditorium by candlelight. 

Banquets. — The President and his wife are accustomed to 
giving an annual banquet to the Senior class. 

Garden Party. — The President and his wife give a Garden 
Party to the Senior class, Faculty members, alumni and visitors 
on the afternoon of Monday of Commencement week. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 23 

Art Exhibit — The Art Department gives an annual exhibit 
of student work. The exhibit takes place in the Art Studio 
during the commencement season. 

Commencement — This final event of the year begins on 
Saturday before the fourth Sunday in May. Commencement 
exercises include the Baccalaureate Sermon, the awarding of 
academic and honorary degrees and distinctions, and a com- 
mencement address by some noted person. Immediately after 
the close of commencement exercises, the Board of Trustees 
meets in final session. 

STUDENT ORGANIZATIONS 

The Community Church. — The Community Church is 
made up of students, faculty members and residents of the 
town. Church services are held each Sunday in the Whitley 
Memorial Auditorium. The pastor of the church is Dr. L. E. 
Smith, President of the college. Ministers from other churches 
and denominations are frequently invited to occupy the college 
pulpit. 

The Church School. — The Community Church, together 
with the college, maintains a church school. 

Student Christian Association. — The Student Christian As- 
sociation is responsible for student religious activities on the 
campus. Among these activities are included the Sunday even- 
ing Vesper Services in which students and outside speakers par- 
ticipate, Student Sunday School in which International Sunday 
school lesson, current social problems, and other subjects are 
considered, morning prayer service, social service in the com- 
munity, occasional socials on the campus. The association 
functions primarily through committees, but includes within 
its membership more than half of the student body, students 
pledging themselves to foster Christian principles in the cam- 
pus life. 



24 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

Ministerial Association. — The Ministerial Association com- 
prises the members of the student body who intend to enter the 
Christian Ministry, directors of Religious Education, social ser- 
vice, or medical missionaries. Meetings of this group are held 
weekly, in which discussion and practice-preaching are utilized 
to help prepare the prospective minister for his profession. 

The Elon Singers. — This is a mixed chorus of students, or- 
ganized for two purposes: as the College Choir it regularly 
furnishes the music for the weekday chapel services and Sunday 
morning services of the Community Church ; as the Elon Sing- 
ers it presents concerts of sacred and secular music at the 
College and in various communities in North Carolina 
and adjoining states. Its membership is open to the entire 
student body. 

Elon Band. — This colorful organization, equipped with 
band instruments and uniforms in the college colors, supplies 
music for intercollegiate athletic contests and for various 
other functions at the college. Training is given to all students 
who own or can play band instruments. 

Elon Orchestra. — This is an orchestra which provides en- 
tertainment for college activities. 

Elon Players. — Several groups of students, interested in 
active participation in the writing and production of plays, 
combine to form the larger group called Elon Players. The 
class in Shakespeare each year produces a Shakespeare play. 
The class in Dramatic Literature writes its own plays and 
produces them for invited audiences as well as producing for 
the public plays by modern dramatists. Other groups, not 
members of these classes, produce plays from time to time. 
The Players constitute a chapter of the National Dramatic 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 25 

Fraternity, Delta Psi Omega. They are also members of the 
North Carolina Dramatic Association, and take part in its 
activities. 

Social Science Honorary Society. — This is the Alpha Chap- 
ter in North Carolina of Pi Gamma Mu, the National Social 
Science Honor Society. The purpose of the organization is to 
give recognition to those students and faculty members who 
have attained distinction in the fields of Social Sciences. Elec- 
tions are held in the fall and spring, at which time Seniors and 
others who are eligible are received into membership in the 
society. 

The Elon Debaters. — This organization is a member of 
the North Carolina Inter-Collegiate Debating Association, and 
makes a number of trips each year to debate at tournaments 
with other college teams. Current economic and social prob- 
lems are subjects of their debates. 

Social Clubs. — Under supervision of their faculty advisers 
and with regulations as provided in the Elon Handbook, the 
social clubs are recognized as follows: 

For men: Alpha Pi Delta; Iota Tau Kappa; Kappa Psi 
Nu; Sigma Phi Beta. 

For women: Beta Omicron Beta; Delta Upsilon Kappa; 
Tau Zeta Phi. 

Each of these organizations has a club room on the first 
floor of the Christian Education Building. 

Maroon and Gold. — The publication of the college news- 
paper, "Maroon and Gold," is undertaken by the college class 
in Journalism. This group serves as the editorial staff and also 
sees the paper through the Elon Press. The headquarters of 
the Elon journalists is in the Printing Room of the Duke 
Science Building. The newspaper appears at least once every 



26 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

two weeks during the college year. This publication is a 
member of the North Carolina Collegiate Press Association 
and of the Associated Collegiate Press. Students who are not 
members of the course in Journalism may write for the paper 
as an extra-curricular activity. 

Elon Colonnades. — This is the college literary magazine. 
It is written and printed at least twice dach year by students 
interested in creative expression, both verse and prose. The 
magazine, in being completely the literary production and 
press work of students, is unique among college magazines 
in North Carolina. 

Phipsicli. — Phipsicli is the college annual, edited by mem- 
bers of the Senior class. The name commemorates the three 
erstwhile "literary societies" of the college. First published 
in 1913, this annual now ranks high in the college field. 

Elon Handbook. — The Handbook is a manual for Student 
Government and contains the constitutions and by-laws of the 
Senate and the Women's Council, as well as information need- 
ed by entering students. A copy of the Handbook is furnished 
to each student upon registration and is the basis for the learn- 
ing process during the Orientation Period. 

Class Organizations. — Each of the four classes has its own 
organization, and each year elects its officers and representa- 
tives to the student government. The Freshman class organ- 
izes on the first Tuesday in October. Each class selects some 
member of the faculty other than the President or Deans as 
its adviser. 

Inter-Collegiate Athletics. — There are varsity teams at 
Elon in the following sports: football, basketball, baseball, 
tennis, and wrestling. These teams represent the college in 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 27 

inter-collegiate contests and are under the supervision of the 
Director of Athletics and his assistants. Any student is eligi- 
ble for these teams who meets the regulations governing Inter- 
Collegiate Athletics as printed in the Handbook. Elon Col- 
lege is a member of the North State Inter-Collegiate Athletic 
Association. 

The "E" Men's Club. — This is the varsity athletic organi- 
zation and is composed of all students who have been awarded 
an "E" for participation in inter-collegiate athletics. 

Intramural Athletics. — In addition to the varsity squads, 
there is ample provision for intramural contests in touch-ball, 
basketball, baseball, and tennis. These games are open to all 
students who are not participating on a varsity team in the 
same sport. Teams are formed from the Men's Dormitories, 
from Men's Social Clubs, and from the Faculty, and in group 
sports a season of league games is played. 

Business Administrators. — Business majors of Sophomore 
level and above are eligible for membership in the Business 
Administrators Club. It is the purpose of the Club to make 
the students' business training as practical as possible by spon- 
soring talks by business men and by arranging visits to indus- 
trial plants and business offices. Through these contacts the 
students receive helpful vocational guidance, and their under- 
standing of business and industrial activity is deepened. 

Commercial Club. — The Commercial Club functions for 
the benefit of Secretarial students taking a one- and two-year 
Secretarial course. The purpose of the club is twofold. First, 
it assists in creating a business atmosphere in the classroom by 
sponsoring demonstrations of up-to-date office equipment and 
by making contacts with outside business organizations for 
the privilege of inspection trips and lectures from members of 
those organizations. Second, the club provides a means for 
social contacts among the students within the department. 



28 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

The Education Club. — The primary object of this club is 
to promote a professional attitude on the part of student 
teachers; to bring outstanding educators to the campus; and 
to visit schools to see the actual operation of schools processes. 

STUDENT EXPENSES 

The detailed expenses of the College year of nine months 

are as follows: 

Registration Fee $ 60.00 

Tuition 75.00 

Student Activities Fee 15.00 

Library Fee 3.00 

Athletic Fee 2.00 

Total for Day Students $ 155.00 

Room Rent $ 50.00 to 75.00 

Board 144.00 to 180.00 

Total for Boarding Students . . .$ 349.00 to $ 410.00 

Room Rent — The price of room rent per student in the 
College dormitories is as follows: 

Alumni Building $ 50.00 

Carlton House 50.00 

Club House 50.00 

West Dormitory (front rooms) 60.00 

West Dormitory (other rooms) 50.00 

East Dormitory 75.00 

Ladies' Hall 60.00 

Men's Hall 60.00 

Note: Students occupying corner rooms pay $2.50 per semester 
extra in all buildings. 

Two students occupy one room together. Single beds are 
furnished in all dormitories. The room rental includes current 
for one 60-watt lamp for each student. If additional lights are 
desired the charge will be 75 cents per light per semester. A 
charge of $1.25 per semester is made to cover extra current 
used when a radio is operated in a dormitory room. The 
College reserves the right to change rooms or a room-mate of 
any student at any time, but no student is allowed to change 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 29 

rooms without permission from the business office. To do so 
will cost the student $1.00, or more. Students are expected to 
furnish pillows, bed linen, towels, etc. 

BOARDING DEPARTMENT. 

Only a limited number of students can be accommodated 
in the Club Dining Hall, and placement of students there is 
made only on reservation. No deductions are made in board 
charges for absence from meals for less than a full consecutive 
week. The price of board is subject to change without notice. 

In order to facilitate figuring of expenses for any combin- 
ation of dining hall and dormitory, the following tables are 
given: 

Regular College Expenses 

East Dormitory: College ciub 

Dining Hall Dining Hall 

Board $ 180.00 $ 144.00 

Room 75.00 75.00 

Tuition 75.00 75.00 

Registration Fee 60.00 60.00 

Student Activity Fee 15.00 15.00 

Library Fee 3.00 3.00 

Athletic Fee 2.00 2.00 

Total for Year $ 410.00 $ 374.00 

Per Semester 205.00 187.00 

Per Half-Semester 102.50 93.50 

Men's Hall, Ladies' Hall, West Dormitory (Front) : 

College Club 

Dining Hall Dining Hall 

Board $ 180.00 $ 144.00 

Room 60.00 60.00 

Tuition 75.00 75.00 

Registration Fee 60.00 60.00 

Student Activity Fee 15.00 15.00 

Library Fee 3.00 3.00 

Athletic Fee 2.00 2.00 

Total for Year $ 395.00 $ 359.00 

Per Semester 197.50 179.50 

Per Half-Semester 98.75 89.75 



30 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

North Dormitory, West Dormitory (other than front), 
Carlton House, Club House: 

College Club 

Dining Hall Dining Hall 

Board $ 180.00 $ 144.00 

Room 50.00 50.00 

Tuition 75.00 75.00 

Registration Fee 60.00 60.00 

Student Activity Fee 15.00 15.00 

Library Fee 3.00 3.00 

Athletic Fee 2.00 2.00 

Total for Year $ 385.00 $ 349.00 

Per Semester 192.50 174.50 

Per Half-Semester 96.25 87.25 

Note: These estimates do not include any laboratory fees, radio, 
etc. Corner rooms in all dormitories cost $2.50 per semester more than 
other rooms in the same dormitory. 

Special Courses and Fees. — The following tuition and fees 
for special courses apply only to students taking these items, 
and are not included in above figures: 

Liberal Arts Course (up to three) , each $ 30.00 

Extra Liberal Arts Course (above five), each .... 25.00 
Laboratory Fee (for Chemistry, Physics, Biology, 
Home Economics, Accounting, Secretarial Prac- 
tice, Mechanical Drawing, Botany, Geology and 

Surveying), each 10.00 

Piano, Organ, Voice, Violin (2 half-hour lessons 

weekly) 75.00 

Practice Fee, Pipe Organ (one hour daily) 32.00 

Fine Arts 80.00 

Typewriting 30.00 

Practice Teaching Fee (per semester) 15.00 

Graduation Fee (Seniors) 10.00 

Commercial and Secretarial Courses. — When the full Sec- 
retarial or Commercial Course is taken, which includes Book- 
keeping, Shorthand, Typewriting, Business Arithmetic, Pen- 
manship, Filing, Office Methods, and Business English, the 
cost is the same as the regular course as outlined above. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 31 

Music Courses. — Piano, Organ, and Voice fees are $75.00 
each for tuition per year. However, the courses in Music 
Theory, such as Harmony, Public School Music, History of 
Music, are included in the regular tuition if they are taken as a 
part of the five subjects regularly carried. 

Dates of Payments. — The college year is divided into two 
semesters, the first beginning in September and the second in 
January. Two plans of payment of the college expenses are 
offered to students and parents. 

1. Payment of 50% of total expenses at the beginning of 
each semester. 

2. The total expenses for the year may be divided equally 
into nine installments to be paid promptly and without offset 
on first of each month. 

Each parent or student is requested to notify the Business 
Office concerning the plan selected in order that all concerned 
may know definitely the plan of payment to be followed 
through the year. 

Incidental and Miscellaneous Expenses. — Books are esti- 
mated to cost from $20.00 to $25.00 per year, about $15.00 of 
which will be needed at the fall term opening. Books are 
sold at the Bookstore and for cash only. 

An acceptance fee of $5.00 is paid by all boarding students 
when they place their applications for admission to the college. 
This fee is credited to the student's expenses when he or she 
registers. The payment of this fee also reserves a room and 
boarding place for those living on the campus. 

A fee of $1.00 is charged for any special test or examin- 
ation taken to make up a deficiency or remove a condition, 
or test or examination on a current course taken other than 
at the regular time. 



32 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

A fee of $1.00 is charged for changing a course of study 
after the regular dates set for such changes. 

A fee of $1.00 per day up to five days, is charged for the 
late registration. 

After the first transcript of credits, a fee of $1.00 will be 
charged for each additional transcript requested. 

Work and Scholarship Credits. — Credit for work done, or 
other student aid, applies toward tuition and room rent, and 
not toward board and fees. 

Students who have regular jobs with the College take 
their meals at the College Dining Hall. Students who have 
either work or scholarship aid from the college are required 
to keep the remainder of their expenses paid up promptly in 
order to continue such aid. 

Refunds. — To those leaving college for any reason during 
the term, refunds are allowed on all items in proportion to the 
time spent in college, provided the students remain less than 
twelve of the eighteen weeks in any semester. After that time 
all fees are due in full, and only board, room and tuition are 
refundable on a time basis for the complete semester. 

Students leaving during the term are expected to check 
out through the business office and to secure a final and cor- 
rected statement of their account. 

Financial Requirements. — Payments must be promptly 
made. This is a fixed rule of the Board of Trustees, and the 
college officers are not permitted to make exceptions in favor 
of any person. 

No student will be allowed to take examinations who has 
not made satisfactory settlement of his account prior to the 
beginning of examinations. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 33 

No degrees, certificates, or diplomas will be granted to 
those whose accounts to the College are not paid in full. 

In any case if the student desires credit on any course the 
full tuition charge must be paid. 

Transfer of credit to another institution will not be made 
until the student's account is paid in full. 

No annual will be delivered to a student until his account 
is paid in full for the entire college year. 

ACADEMIC REGULATIONS 

Collegiate Degrees. — The College confers the degree of 
Bachelor of Arts upon those who complete the requirements 
for the degree. 

Requirements for Admission. — Students may be admitted 
to freshman standing as candidates for the Bachelor of Arts 
degree in Elon College, without examination, on certificate of 
graduation from an accredited four-year high school course, 
with a total of at least fifteen units from the list of subjects ac- 
cepted for admission as given below. A record of the high 
school work should be furnished to the college by the high 
school principal. 

Students who have been graduated from non-accredited 
high schools, or who have attended an accredited high school 
for four years, and have fifteen units of credit, may be admitted 
upon successfully passing the college entrance examinations. 
These examinations will be given at the beginning of each 
semester. 

A limited number of students may be accepted for special 
work or departmental courses, not to exceed fifteen percent of 
the college enrollment and not as candidates for a degree. 



34 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

Subjects acceptable for admission are as follows: 

Units 

Bible 2 

Economics or Social Science 1 

English 4 

French 2 

German 2 

History 4 

Latin 4 

Mathematics 4 

Music 1 

Science 4 

Spanish 2 

Vocational Subjects 3 

No credit in foreign language may be had until the student 
has completed a minimum of two years in at least one foreign 
language. 

Of the fifteen units required for admission, ten are pre- 
scribed as follows: 

Units 

English 3 

Foreign Language 2 

History 2 

Mathematics 2 

Science 1 

Students having been graduated from high school but not 
meeting the prescribed requirements may be admitted on con- 
dition, such condition to be worked off before the beginning 
of the sophomore year. Not more than two conditions can 
be allowed. 

Applicants for advanced standing must present to the 
Registrar of Elon College an official transcript of their work 
in other colleges. Full credit will be given for work in ac- 
credited institutions in so far as it parallels the work at Elon. 

Every candidate for a Bachelor of Arts degree must com- 
plete at least one full college year of residence work at Elon 
College. Students admitted to advanced standing are subject 
to all the entrance and graduation requirements of the college. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 35 

Health Certificate. — Every student must present a health 
certificate of a satisfactory physical examination taken within 
the immediate past or pay an examination fee of $1.00 upon 
entrance to the college. 

Classification. — For admission to the sophomore class, a 
student must have removed all entrance conditions and have 
completed not fewer than eighteen semester hours of fresh- 
man work toward a degree. 

For admission to the junior class, a student must have 
completed not fewer than forty-eight semester hours of work 
for credit toward a degree. 

For admission to the senior class, a student must have 
completed not fewer than eighty-four semester hours of work 
toward a degree. 

Classifications are made at the beginning of the school 
year in September, and no new classifications are made during 
the year. 

Registration. — Each student goes to the Dean of the Col- 
lege for a conference and for assignment to a faculty adviser 
who aids the student in arranging his course of study. Before 
entering any department, the student pays the registration fee 
of $30.00 and his other expenses, and receives from the Busi- 
ness Manager a registration card admitting him to the depart- 
ment of the college. The registration fee of $30.00 is payable 
at the beginning of the Fall and Spring Semesters, and no 
student is allowed any privilege of the college until these fees 
are paid. 

Every student is required to register within twenty-four 
hours after his arrival, and not later than 5:30 p. m. of the 
registration days in September and January. The penalty for 
late registration is one dollar for each day after the date set 
for registration, the maximum penalty being five dollars. 

Freshman Orientation Period. — The Freshman Orienta- 
tion Period is for the purpose of introducing the student to 



36 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

his environment. It is an endeavor to acquaint the student 
with the policies and ideals of the college. Receptions, assem- 
blies, lectures and open forums help to establish a close fel- 
lowship, and the student is enabled to begin his college life 
more efficiently. Professors are assigned as advisers for a min- 
imum number of freshmen and are, throughout the year, at 
the service of these students. 

Schedule of Studies. — All students are expected to carry 
fifteen hours of college work per week, this amount being 
considered the normal student-load. No student may carry 
less than twelve hours or more than sixteen hours, without 
special permission from the Dean, and in accordance with the 
Handbook regulations for extra work. In making up the 
number of hours required, no course in the Fine Arts, includ- 
ing applied music, can count for more than two semester-hours, 
and no credit is given for physical training in making up the 
120 semester-hours required for graduation. 

Change of Course. — Registration is for an entire course, 
and a course once begun must be continued except in unusual 
circumstances. Continuous elementary subjects must be pur- 
sued for a year in order to be credited toward a degree. Chang- 
ing a course after registration is discouraged, and such change 
may be made only with the permission of the Dean. A charge 
of $1.00 is made for changing a course. No new course may 
be entered after September 30, in the Fall Semester, or Feb- 
ruary 5, in the Spring Semester. Any course dropped after 
those dates automatically draws a grade of "F." 

Nine Hour Rule. — Students failing to pass nine hours of 
the work pursued, may not return for the next semester. This 
rule does not apply to foreign students in the first year of res- 
idence, or to specially admitted students if recommended by 
the Faculty Committee on Admission and Credits; and in the 
case of freshmen students, three hours of the nine may be a 
conditional grade. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 37 

Class Absences. — Absences are counted from the first 
meeting of the class in the semester. Those who enter late are 
to be reported as absent from the previous meetings of the class. 
Not more than three unexcused absences from a class during a 
semester are permitted, without the loss of quality points. 
Necessarily additional absences without penalty are allowed 
students who must be absent in order to represent the College 
as members of athletic teams or other recognized organizations, 
provided that the total absences must be made up as early as 
practicable each semester, by the permission of the Deans and 
at the convenience of the Faculty member concerned. For 
each two additional absenes or any fractional part of two 
additional absences not allowed as specified above, one quality 
point will be deducted from the quality points earned during 
the semester. 

Any work missed by a student is to be made up at a con- 
venient time appointed by the professor in charge. 

A student who fails to get permission to drop a course 
receives F on the course. No student will be permitted a re- 
examination who has received an F on the course. 

Chapel and Church Absences. — (1) All students are re- 
quired to attend the regular Chapel exercises. Seniors are not 
allowed more than ten absences from Chapel during a semester. 
All other students are not allowed more than six absences. 
(2) All dormitory students are required to attend Sunday 
morning church services. Permission must be secured from 
the proper Dean to attend church off the campus. Seniors are 
allowed four absences during a semester without the loss of 
credit; upperclassmen are allowed three absences during a 
semester without the loss of credit. (3) A student who is ab- 
sent from Chapel or Church over the above limit during a 
semester will be subject to discipline. Absences from Chapel or 
Church over the limit mentioned above, unless excused by the 
proper Dean, will reduce the student's semester hour credits 
one hour for each four Chapel absences or portion thereof, and 



38 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

one hour for each two additional Church absences or portion 
thereof. (4) Freshmen are required to attend Sunday school, 
and the same rules shall apply as those concerning attendance 
at Church. 

Semester Examinations. — Semester examinations are given 
in January and May. An average of "D" on each subject in- 
cluding term standing and examination, is required for credit. 
All students making a grade of "E" on a continuous subject 
may be conditioned if this condition occurs at the end of the 
Fall Semester. A grade of "C" is required during the follow- 
ing semester to remove the condition without a re-examination. 

Students who fail to attend regular tests or examinations, 
or who fail to hand in papers, are regarded as handing in 
blank papers, unless they have been previously excused from 
the examination. Excuses from tests and examinations are 
granted only in case of absolute necessity. Such excuses, to 
be valid, must be obtained from the Dean on or before the 
day of the test or examination, and communicated officially 
to the professor holding the test or examination. 

Special Examinations. — A student wishing a special ex- 
amination must obtain a permit from the Dean before the 
date of the examination. A student who has been excused 
from an examination or who has made an "E" in a subject 
for the Fall Semester, may have opportunity to make good his 
deficiency without taking the subject over, provided the de- 
ficiency be removed within one college year from the time it 
was incurred. 

A charge of $1.00 for each test or examination taken out 
of the regular time will be made, except in cases where stu- 
dents have been excused from taking the regular test or ex- 
amination at the regular examination period. 

Senior Deficiencies. — Senior deficiencies may be made up 
either at a special examination arranged by the Dean and the 
instructor, or at the regular examination at the close of the 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 39 

Fall Semester. All senior conditions must be made up not 
later than April 1st, in order for the student to become a 
candidate for a degree at the following commencement. 

Graduation Requirements. — At the beginning of the Jun- 
ior year, each candidate for the Bachelor of Arts Degree must 
elect a major from the department listed below in which 
majors are offered. More than one major may be elected. 

One hundred and twenty semester-credit hours must be 
completed as a minimum for the degree of Bachelor of Arts, 
forty-eight hours of which must be taken on the Junior-Senior 
level. 

Majors. — The College offers majors, four courses only re- 
quired, except as specified, as follows: 

Biology. Mathematics. 

Business Administration, Music, 34-44 semester-hours. 

30 semester-hours.* Philosophy. 

Chemistry. Physics. 

English. Religion, f 

French. Science, 6 courses.f 
History. 

A major course will not be formed for fewer than three 
students, a minor for fewer than five. 

Minors. — Any field in which a major is offered, if pursued 
for the first two years, as prescribed in the department of in- 
struction below, may constitute a minor, in addition to the 
following fields: 

Applied Mathematics. Geology. Greek. 

Education. German. Home Economics. § 



♦Students majoring in Business Administration are advised to minor in 
Social Science. 

tStudents majoring in Religion have at least two years in each of the 
following subjects: History, Sociology, Philosophy, and Greek. 

JThis must include Biology, Chemistry, Physics, and Geography. 

§Home Economics may be rated as a major, provided both Biology and 
Chemistry are pursued as minors. 



40 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

In addition to the requirement of one major, as specified 
above, two minors totaling twenty-four semester hours, relat- 
ing to the elected major, must be completed. 

(1) 12 semester-hours in English. 

(2) 12 semester-hours in Foreign language. 

(3) One of the following: 

(a) 12 semester-hours in Mathematics. 

(b) 2 courses in a Natural Science. 

(c) 6 semester-hours in Mathematics and one course in 

Natural Science. 

(d) 1 course in each of two Natural Sciences. 

(e) 6 semester hours of Home Economics may be substi- 

tuted for one course in Mathematics or Natural 
Science. 

(4) 6 semester hours in Religion. 

Students must have an average grade of "C" in the major 
field in order to be graduated. 

Six semester-hours in American History and six semester- 
hours in European History are advised. 

Students who plan to pursue graduate work leading to 
the degree of Doctor of Philosophy should take both French 
and German. 

Electives. — Any course not chosen as a major or a minor 
may be elected toward the degree. Additional electives are 
provided in Art and in Applied Music. 

Courses in Art and Applied Music receive four semester- 
hours credit per year. Under no circumstances can more than 
twelve semester-hours credit toward the A. B. degree be al- 
lowed in Art and Applied Music. 

Quality Points. — 120 quality points are required for grad- 
uation in addition to the 120 semester-hours of Liberal Arts 
credits as heretofore required. The quality-point values of 
grades are: 

A — 3 quality-points for each semester hour. 
B — 2 quality-points for each semester hour. 
C — 1 quality-point for each semester hour. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 41 

Senior Essay and Comprehensive Examination. — 1. Each 
senior is required to write an essay which is to be directed by 
the head of the department in which the student is majoring 
or someone in that department appointed by the head. The 
professor who directs the paper will serve as chairman of a 
reading committee of three to pass on the paper after it has 
been submitted in final form. The professor who directs the 
paper is to turn in the subject of the essay to the Dean by 
November 15th of the Senior year. The first draft of the 
essay is to be submitted to the professor who is directing the 
work on or before March 1st. Three typewritten copies of the 
paper are submitted to the reading committee on or before 
April 15th. The student is examined orally on the essay by the 
committee which reads his work. This examination is not to 
exceed one hour. 

2. Each major professor is permitted, at his discretion, to 
offer to the student the option of a comprehensive examination 
in the student's major field as an alternative for the senior 
essay. This examination, according to the judgment of the 
major professor, may be either oral or written or a combination 
of the two. The examination is prepared and administered by 
the membership of the department or by the membership of 
the department and that of a related department, if the mem- 
bership of the department consists of less than two, the head of 
the department acting as chairman. The comprehensive 
examination is to be held between April 15th and May 1st for 
the student's senior year, and is not to exceed two hours if oral 
or three hours if written. 

Certificates. — Departmental Certificates will be given those 
who have completed the course in Music and Art, provided that 
each student shall have completed fifteen units of high school 
work as required for entrance to the college, and have com- 
pleted the requirements for a major in some one of the College 
departments, with an average of at least C for the work done 



42 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

both in the special department and in the liberal arts depart- 
ments. In lieu of a major, the candidate may offer thirty 
semester-hours of Freshman liberal arts work. A certificate 
may be secured in the Commercial Department upon the com- 
pletion of a one year's course as outlined by that department. 
No certificate is given in the liberal arts departments of the 
College. 

Diplomas. — Departmental diplomas are granted to those 
who in a single department complete four years of work with 
an average of C, and in addition two majors in the liberal 
arts departments, or sixty semester-hours of Freshman and 
Sophomore work. 

Reading for Honors. — The purpose of the plan of Reading 
for Honors is to encourage those students who have the ability 
and ambition to study independently in going beyond the 
minimum standards of the regular courses. The plan provides 
for the best students a program of training which, alike by its 
freedom and severity, will develop them to the utmost. 

To this end, prospective candidates should apply to the 
Chairman of the Honors Committee not later than May 1st of 
their Junior year. A limited number of applicants is then 
admitted by the committee, after faculty approval. 

The admitted candidate is, at the discretion of his advisory 
committee either permitted great freedom in class atten- 
dance of regular courses during his senior year or is excused 
from attendance of regular courses altogether. If the latter 
alternate is pursued, an Honors course which adequately paral- 
lels the requirements and subject matter of regular courses is 
followed at the Senior level. 

The Honors course is based upon work already done by 
the candidate in his major and minor fields and is guided 
by a committee composed of one member from each of these 
departments, the professor in the major field acting as coordi- 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 43 

nating chairman. Conferences with the chairman occur at 
least once each fortnight, while additional consultations are 
held with the professors in the minor fields. Near the end of 
the second semester of the senior year an oral comprehensive 
examination in the planned reading is held by the Honors 
Committee and some professor invited from the faculty of 
another college or university. 

If any member of the committee is dissatisfied with the 
progress of the candidate, he may request a consideration by 
the committee of the student's pursuing regular class work 
in any given parallel field. No student may expect to continue 
in the Reading for Honors course who does not satisfy the 
committee that he is progressing satisfactorily. 

SCHOLARSHIPS 

Tuition Scholarships and Self-Helf Positions. — The Presi- 
dent and the Scholarship Committee of the Faculty award all 
scholarships and self-help positions. No scholarship will be 
awarded to a high school graduate whose average has been less 
than "C" and all scholarships are awarded on the condition that 
the student will average not less than "C" on his college work. 
Self-help positions are awarded on the same basis, with oc- 
casional exceptions. Applications for awards should be in the 
hands of the Scholarship Committee before July 1. The atten- 
tion of the applicant is called to the section on "Work and 
Scholarship Credits," contained on page 32 of this catalogue. 

Alumni Scholarship. — The Alumni Association, in session 
on June 1, 1909, established a scholarship in Elon College. This 
scholarship is awarded in the literary department, and is of 
value of $75.00 a year. 

Elon High School Scholarships. — The Board of Trustees 
offer scholarships to one graduate of any high school of which 
an Elon graduate is principal or superintendent, or a teacher in 



44 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

high school work. Said scholarship is good for one year, and 
covers tuition in any liberal arts course. The candidate is to be 
satisfactorily recommended by the principal or superintendent 
and approved by the Faculty Committee on Scholarships. The 
number of such scholarships is limited to ten. 

Public High School Scholarships. — The Board of Trus- 
tees offer ten free tuition scholarships upon the recommenda- 
tion of the principal or superintendent of approved high 
schools, subject to the approval of the Faculty Committee on 
Scholarships. 

Ministerial Students and Minor Children of Ministers. — 

Ministerial students and minor children of ministers who live 
at the college are granted scholarships to cover their regular 
tuition ($75.00). Day students taking the ministerial course, 
and minor children of ministers who are day students will pay 
one-half of the regular tuition charge. 

The J. J. Summerbell Scholarship. — In consideration of a 
bequest of $1,000.00 for that purpose, left the college by the late 
Dr. J. J. Summerbell, the President of the College each year 
will award a $60.00 tuition scholarship, in either the College or 
one of the special departments, good for the succeeding year, 
to that member of either the Freshman, Sophomore, or Junior 
class, who shall write the best thesis on "The First Command- 
ment." The same is to be adjudged by a committee of the 
Faculty. Theses in this competition are to be typewritten and 
in the President's hands, the name of the writer accompanying 
in a sealed envelope, not later than May 1. 

The Barrett Scholarship. — In memory of Dr. J. Pressley 
Barrett, an original trustee of the College, a free tuition scholar- 
ship is awarded annually to some worthy member of the 
Freshman class. 

The Long Scholarship. — In memory of Dr. W. S. Long, 
founder and first president, a free tuition scholarship is award- 
ed annually to some worthy member of the Freshman class. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 45 

The Staley Scholarship. — In memory of Dr. W. W. Staley, 
second president, a free tuition scholarship is awarded annually 
to some member of the Freshman class. 

The Moffitt Scholarship. — In honor of Dr. E. L. Moffitt, 
third president, a free tuition scholarship is awarded annually 
to some member of the Freshman class. 

The Martyn Summerbell Scholarship. — Dr. Martyn Sum- 
merbell of Lakemont, N. Y., each year awards free tuition 
scholarship to some worthy member of the Freshman class. 

The Parkerson Scholarship. — In memory of her mother, 
Mrs. L. S. Parkerson, Mrs. L. M. Cannon awards annually a 
free tuition scholarship to some member of the Commercial 
Department. 

LOAN FUNDS 

The Bowling Fund.— Dr. E. H. Bowling, Durham, N. C, 
has created a fund to be used in the education of deserving 
students, preferably candidates for the ministry. Those who 
are accepted as beneficiaries of this fund will receive $60.00 per 
year to be applied to their account with the College. They will 
give an interest-bearing note at 6 per cent for the same, with 
acceptable security, and will begin to pay the money back, at 
least one note a year, immediately after graduation. The title 
of this fund will remain in the College, but it is to be perpet- 
ually used for the purpose indicated. Awards of funds are 
made by the President 

The Amick Fund. — Dr. T. C. Amick, formerly of the 
College Faculty, has created a fund to be loaned to deserving 
students at 6 per cent interest. The President lends this fund 
on proper security. 

The Clarke Fund.— Dr. J. A. Clarke of the College 
Faculty has created a loan fund for deserving students. The 
Business Manager lends this at 6 per cent interest on proper 
security. 



46 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

Ministerial Loan Fund. — The treasurer of the College is 
the custodian for the loan fund of $13,031.49 of the Southern 
Convention of Congregational-Christian Churches. It is loaned 
to ministerial students upon the recommendation of a com- 
mittee appointed by the Convention. 

The Eastern Virginia Conference Ministerial Fund. — By an 
agreement with the authorities of the College, whereby the 
Eastern Virginia Conference relinquished certain bonds owned 
by it, there is provided a special fund for ministerial students 
from that conference. The value of this fund is $180 per year, 
but it is provided that no one student shall receive over $100.00 
in any one year. If there are two or more ministerial students 
from that conference, the $180.00 is to be equally divided. It is 
further provided that if there are no students who qualify, the 
fund is not cumulative. 

The Masonic Fund. — The Grand Lodge of North Carolina 
has given the College $2,500.00 to be loaned to seniors in Col- 
lege, on acceptable security. 

The Knights Templar Educational Loan Fund. — Under 
the rules of the Grand Commandary, students in Elon College 
may secure loans from this fund. 

The McLeod Fund. — The family of the late Prof. M. A. 
McLeod have established a fund of $2,000.00, the interest on 
which is to be loaned to worthy students on proper security. 

The John M. W. Hicks Loan Fund.— Mr. John M. W. 
Hicks, of Raleigh, N. C, and of New York City, has estab- 
lished this fund for needy students. The initial amount of the 
fund was $1,000.00. The donor hopes that it may be materially 
increased. It is to assist members of the Junior and Senior 
classes. 

ENDOWMENT AND SOURCES OF INCOME 
Tuition and Fees. — The income from tuition in the literary 
and special departments constitutes a chief and growing source 
of revenue for the support of the College. The income from 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 47 

fees, matriculation and departmental, is used to pay the inci- 
dental expenses of the College and of the departments. Besides 
these sources of income and gifts from time to time on current 
expenses, the College has the following sources of revenue : 

The O. J. Wait Fund. — This fund was a bequest from Rev. 
O. J. Wait, D. D., of Fall River, Massachusetts, the amount, 
$1,000.00, being the first bequest that came to the College. 

The Francis Asbury Palmer Fund. — Of this fund $20,- 
000.00 was given by Mr. Francis Asbury Palmer, of New York, 
before his death. The remaining ten thousand dollars having 
been provided for in his will, became available soon after his 
death. 

The Patrick Henry Lee Fund.— This fund of $1,000.00 is 
a bequest from Capt. P. H. Lee, of Holland, Va. 

The J. J. Summerbell Fund. — Dr. }. J. Summerbell, Day- 
ton, Ohio, from its foundation a staunch friend and loyal sup- 
porter of the College, departed life February 28, 1913, and left 
a bequest of $1,500.00 to Elon. 

The Jesse Winbourne Fund. — This fund, a bequest from 
Deacon Jesse Winbourne, of Elon College, N. C, amounting 
to $5,000.00 became available in January, 1923. It is a part of 
the permanent endowment funds of the College. 

The Southern Convention Fund. — The Southern Conven- 
tion of Congregational-Christian Churches asks the Confer- 
ence composing the Convention for $12,500.00 annually for the 
support of the College. This is called the Elon College Fund. 

This fund is the equivalent of an invested endowment of 
$250,000.00 at 5 per cent. By vote of the Southern Christian 
Convention in May, 1918, a note was given the College for 
$112,500.00 and later $100,000.00 in 6 per cent bonds, as evi- 
dences of this obligation. 

The Carlton Fund. — The family of the late J. W. Carlton, 
of Richmond, Va., P. J. Carlton, H. A. Carlton, Luther Carlton 
and Mrs. T. S. Parrott, gave the College for its permanent 



48 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

funds, certain R. F. and P. Railway stocks, to found a Profes- 
sorship in Christian Literature and Methods in memory of Mrs. 
J. W. Carlton. Upon his death, in May, 1935, Mr. P. J. Carlton 
left a bequest adding $25,000.00 to the endowment of the 
College. 

The Corwith Fund. — W. F. Corwith, a former trustee, has 
given the College for its permanent funds $35,000.00 to found 
a Professorship in Biblical Languages and Literature, in mem- 
ory of Mrs. W. F. Corwith. 

The J. W. Wellons Fund.— Dr. J. W. Wellons, several 
years before his death, bought two annuity bonds of the Col- 
lege in the sum of $1,500.00. By the terms of the bonds, at his 
decease they were cancelled and the principal became a part 
of the general endowment of the College. Dr. Wellons desired 
that the Church would supplement his gift till an endowment 
of $300,000 should be provided for the School of Christian 
Education. 

Other Invested Funds. — Other gifts to the permanent En- 
dowment Fund are: One of $25.00 from the late Rev. J. J. 
Summerbell, D. D., of Dayton, Ohio; one of $283.35 from the 
estate of the late Jos. A. Foster of Semora, N. C; one of $50.00 
by Miss Mamie Tate, as a student loan fund; and one of $100.00 
to be kept at interest for a term of years, left by the late Rev. 
S. B. Klapp. 

The Francis Asbury Palmer Board Donations. — The late 
Francis Asbury Palmer, who endowed the College, left his 
estate to a Board to administer it in furthering education. This 
Board at one time made a considerable donation in cash for 
current expenses. It provides for the transportation expenses 
of the non-resident lectureship of Dr. Martyn Summerbell. 

The Standardization Fund. — During the spring of 1919, 
a campaign was put on to raise additional endowment. This 
was known as the Standardization Fund. There was raised 
$381,600.00 in cash and subscriptions. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 49 

Forms of Bequest. — A number of friends have made pro- 
vision for the College in the disposition of their property after 
their decease. We appreciate this generous action on their part 
and commend it to the liberal-hearted of our friends, for whose 
convenience we append herewith three forms of bequests: 

FIRST FORM 

I give and bequeath to the Board of Trustees of Elon College the 

sum of Dollars, to be applied at 

their discretion, for the general purposes of the College. 

SECOND FORM 

I give and bequeath to the Board of Trustees of Elon College the 
sum of Dollars to be safely in- 
vested by them and called the Scholarship 

Fund. The interest of this fund shall be applied at their discretion 
to aid deserving students. 

THIRD FORM 

I give and bequeath to the Board of Trustees of Elon College the 
sum of Dollars to be safely invest- 
ed by them as an endowment for the support of the College. 

Annuity Bonds. — Those desiring a stable income on funds 
that they intend to leave the College in their wills, can secure 
the same by placing such funds with the College treasurer and 
receiving an annuity bond as follows: 

ANNUITY BOND 
The Board of Trustees of Elon College. 

Elon College., 19... 

Whereas, of has donated 

and paid to the Board of Trustees of Elon College, a corporation 
established under a charter from the State of North Carolina, its 
principal office being located at Elon College, in said State, the sum 

of Dollars, said sum becoming by said gift the 

absolute property of said Board of Trustees of Elon College, the whole 
amount to go direct to said College and ever be administered for its 
advancement by said Board of Trustees : Now, therefore, in consider- 
ation thereof, the said Board of Trustees agree to pay the 

said the interest on the same at 6 per 

cent, payable semi-annually, during natural 

life. 



50 ELQN COLLEGE BULLETIN 

As the above interest provision is made for the sole benefit of the 

said during natural life, it is declared 

to be the intention of the parties subscribed hereto that no obligation 
whatever is, or shall be considered hereby to have been assumed by the 
said Board of Trustees, to the heirs, executors, administrators, or as- 
signs of said for any interest after 

life shall have terminated. 

THE BOARD OF TRUSTEES OF ELON COLLEGE, 

By President (Seal) 

Witness : Treasurer of Elon College. 

So far five annuity bonds have been taken: two by the 
late Dr. J. W. Wellons, in the sum of $1,500.00; one by Trustee 
A. B. Farmer, in the sum of $1,000.00; one by Mrs. J. P. Avent, 
also in the amount of $1,000.00; and a fifth by Mrs. Esther 
Jenkins, in the sum of $3,000.00. Generous-hearted friends, 
desiring a safe investment of their funds and a sure means of 
perpetuating their memory to generations yet unborn, may 
avail themselves of this inviting privilege. 

Insurance Policies. — Friends may make the College their 
beneficiary in one or more insurance policies. Details of this 
plan will be gladly furnished. 



Outline of Courses of Study 

This section outlines proposed courses of study in specific 
fields. Courses numbered 11 through 19 are on the Freshman 
level, 21 through 29 are on the Sophomore level, and 31 and 
above are on the Junior-Senior level. 

FOUR-YEAR COURSES OF STUDY LEADING TO 
DEGREE OF BACHELOR OF ARTS 

Business Administration 

SOPHOMORE 



FRESHMAN 

Hours 

Bus. Adm. 11-12 6 

Bus. Adm. 15-16 6 

History 11-12 6 

English 11-12 6 

French or German 6 

30 
JUNIOR 
Bus. Adm. 31-32-33-34 or 35-36... 6 

Social Science 6 

Math, or Science 6 

Electives 12 



Hours 

Bus. Adm. 21-22 6 

English 21-22 6 

French or German 6 

Religion 11-12 6 

Math, or Science 6 or 8 

30 or 32 
SENIOR 
Bus. Adm. 41-42, 43-48 or 37-44... 12 

History 48 3 

Electives 15 



30 



30 

English with North Carolina Public School Certificate 

SOPHOMORE 



FRESHMAN 

Hours 

English 11-12 6 

History 11-12 6 

Religion 11-12 6 

French or German 11-12 6 

Math, or Science 6 or 8 

30 or 32 
JUNIOR 

English 38-39 or 61-62 6 

Education 23, 47 6 

History 6 

Electives 12 



30 



Hours 

English 21-22 6 

History 6 

French or German 6 

Psychology 21 and 31 6 

Math, or Science 6 or 8 

30 or 32 
SENIOR 

English 45 and 49 6 

English 33-34 6 

Education 57 or 58 3 

Directed Teachings 3 

Electives 12 



30 



52 



ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 



History and Pre-Law 



FRESHMAN 

Hours 

English 11-12 6 

History 11-12 6 

Religion 11-12 6 

Language 6 

Science or Math 6 or 8 



SOPHOMORE 

Hours 

English 21-22 6 

History 13-14 6 

Pschology 21-24 6 

Language 6 

Bus. Adm. 11-12 6 



32 



30 



JUNIOR 

English 35-36 6 

History 31-32 6 

Science or Math 6 or 8 

Bus. Adm. 33-34 6 

Electives 6 



32 



SENIOR 

History 48 3 

English-History 33 or 34 3 

English 33-34 6 

Electives 18 



30 



Home Economics with Certificate 



FRESHMAN 

Hours 

English 11-12 6 

Chemistry 11-12 8 

Biology 11-12 8 

Home Economics 11-12 6 

French 11-12 6 



SOPHOMORE 

Hours 

English 21-22 6 

Home Economics 13-14 6 

Psychology 21 and 31 6 

Chemistry 31-32 8 

French 21-22 6 



34 



32 



JUNIOR 

Education 47 and 48 6 

Physics 16 4 

Home Economics 23-34 6 

Home Economics 31-32 6 

Religion 33 3 

Psychology 22 3 



32 



SENIOR 

Biology 4 

Biology 42 4 

Education 52 3 

Education (elective) 3 

Home Economics 41 3 

Home Economics 42 3 

Home Economics 45 3 

Home Economics 44 3 

Home Economics 43 3 



29 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 



53 



Journalism 



FRESHMAN SOPHOMORE 

Hours Hows 

English 11-12 6 English 21-22 6 

French 11-12, or German 11-12.... 6 French 21-22 or German 21-22.... 6 

History 11-12 6 History 6 

Religion 11-12 6 Psychology 21 and 24 6 

Science or Math 6 or 8 Science 21-22 or Math. 21-22 6 or 8 



30 or 32 



30 or 32 



JUNIOR 

English 33-34 or 38-39 6 

English 61-62 6 

Electives 6 

History 6 

Sociology 31-32 6 



30 



SENIOR 

English 41-42 6 

English 49 3 

Philosophy 31-32 6 

Electives IS 



30 



Bachelor of Arts Degree and Diploma in Piano, Organ, 
Violin, or Voice* 



FRESHMAN 

Hours 

Music 13-14 4 

Music 17-18 4 

English 11-12 6 

French or German 11-12 6 

Science or Math 6 or 8 



SOPHOMORE 

Hours 

Music 11-12 6 

Music 27-28 4 

English 21-22 6 

French or German 21-22 6 

Science or Math 6 or 8 



26 or 28 



28 or 30 



JUNIOR 

Music 21-22 6 

Music 23-24 6 

Music 37-38 4 

Religion 33-34 6 

General Electives 12 



34 



SENIOR 

Music 47-48 4 

Music Elective 6 

General Electives 22 

Recital 



32 



*Total hours for degree and diploma 120-124. 
Total hours of music required for diploma 44. 



54 



ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 



Bachelor of Arts Degree and Diploma in Music Theory* 



FRESHMAN 

Hours 

Music 11-12 6 

Music 13-14 4 

English 11-12 6 

French or German 11-12 6 

Science or Math 6 or 8 



SOPHOMORE 

Hours 

Music 21-22 6 

Music 23-24 6 

English 21-22 6 

French or German 21-22 6 

Science or Math 6 or 8 



28 or 30 
JUNIOR 

Music 31-32 6 

Music 17-18 (Piano) 4 

Religion 33-34 6 

General Electives 16 



32 



30 or 32 
SENIOR 

Music 41-42 6 

Music Elective 6 

General Electives 20 



32 



*Total hours for degree and diploma 122-126. 
Total hours of music required for diplom 44. 



Bachelor of Arts Degree and Certificate in Music* 



FRESHMAN 

Music 13-14 4 

Music 17-18 (Voice) 4 

English 11-12 6 

French or German 11-12 6 

Science or Math 6 or 8 



SOPHOMORE 

Music 11-12 6 

Music 23-24 6 

English 21-22 6 

French or German 21-22 6 

Science or Math 6 or 8 



26 or 28 

JUNIOR 

Music 21-22 6 

Religion 33-34 6 

General Electives 20 



30 or 32 

SENIOR 

Music 45-46 6 

Music 34 2 

General Electives 24 



32 



32 



*Total hours for degree and certificate 120-124. 
Total hours of music required for certificate 34. 

Pre-Engineering — Chemical 



FRESHMAN 

Math. 11-12 6 

English 11-12 6 

German 11-12 or French 11-12 6 

Chemistry 1 1-12 8 

Math. 13-14 6 



SOPHOMORE 

Math. 21-22 6 

English 21-22 6 

German 21-22 or French 21-22.... 6 

Chemistry 21-22 8 

Religion 11-12 6 



32 



32 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 



55 



JUNIOR 

Hours 

Math 6 

Economics 11-12 6 

Chemistry 31-32 8 

Electives 12 



SENIOR 

Hours 

Math . 6 

Business Organization o 

Chemistry 41-42 8 

Electives 12 



32 



32 



Pre-Engineering — Civil 



FRESHMAN 

English 11-12 6 

Math. 11-12 6 

Chemistry 11-12 8 

Math. 13-14 6 

French or German 11-12 6 



SOPHOMORE 

English 21-22 6 

Math. 21-22 6 

Physics 13-14 8 

Math. 23-24 or Bus. Adm. 11-12... 6 
French or German 21-22 6 



32 

JUNIOR 

Math. 31-32 6 

Physics 21-22 8 

Math. 51-52 6 

Elective 6 

Religion 13-14 or 33-34 6 



32 

SENIOR 

Geology 11-12 8 

Math. 41-42 6 

Math. 31-32 6 

Physics 41-42 8 

Electives 6 



32 



32 



Pre-Engineering — Electrical or Mechanical 



FRESHMAN 

English 11-12 6 

Chemistry 11-12 8 

Math. 11-12 6 

Engineering Drawing 13-14 6 

French 11-12 or German 11-12 6 



SOPHOMORE 

English 21-22 6 

Physics 13-14 8 

Math. 21-22 6 

Bus. Adm. 11-12 6 

French or German 21-22 6 



32 

JUNIOR 

Physics 41-42 8 

Calculus, Math. 31-32 6 

Physics 21-22 8 

History 11-12 6 

Sociology 31-32 or Philosophy 31-32 6 



32 

SENIOR 

Physics 31-32 8 

Math. 41-42 6 

Bus Adm. 33-34 6 

Religion 33-34 6 

Elective 6 



34 



32 



56 



ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 



Pre-Medical or Pre-Dental 

The following courses are suggested to the student con- 
templating a Medical or Dental profession. The courses listed 
for the Freshman and Sophomore years include all of the 
required courses for entrance to Medical School, and fulfill 
the minimum requirements of the Council on Education of 
the American Medical Association. For the student wishing 
to spend more than two years, courses have been suggested 
which will meet the requirements of Elon College for grad- 
uation, and will also give him a better preparation. 



FRESHMAN 

Hours 

Biology 11-12 8 

Chemistry 11-12 8 

English 11-12 6 

French 11-12 or German 11-12 6 

Math. 11-12 6 



SOPHOMORE 

Hours 

Biology 21-22 8 

Chemistry 21-22 8 

English 21-22 6 

French 21-22 or German 21-22 6 

Physics 13-14 8 



34 

JUNIOR 

Biology 31-32 8 

Chemistry 31-32 8 

Physics 21 4 

Health and Hygiene 31-32, 33-34.. 6 

Religion 33-34 6 



36 
SENIOR 

Biology 41-42 8 

Chemistry 41-42 8 

Psychology 21 3 

Sociology 31-32 or Philosophy 6 

Economics 11-12 , . . . 6 



32 

Religion 

FRESHMAN 

English 11-12 6 

Science 8 

History 11-12 6 

Bus. Adm. 11-12 6 

Religion 11-12 6 



31 



SOPHOMORE 

Religion 21-22 6 

Science S 

English 21-22 6 

Psychology 21-24 6 

Elective 6 



32 
JUNIOR 

Religion 31-32 6 

Religion 33-34 6 

Philosophy 31-32 6 

Sociology 31-32 6 

Greek 31-32 6 



32 

SENIOR 

Religion 43-44 6 

Philosophy 35-36 6 

Philosophy 41-42 6 

Greek 41-42 6 

Church Music 33 4 



30 



28 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 57 

Two-Year Courses of Study 

Students desiring two-year courses may make their selec- 
tion from the courses indicated below: 

Pre-Medical or Pre-Dental Course: 

Biology 11-12, 21-22; Chemistry 11-12, 21-22; Physics 11-12; 
English 11-12, 21-22; Religion 11-12, and two elective subjects for 
the year. 

Pre-Law Course: 

English 11-12, 21-22, 35-36; History 11-12, 21-22; Religion 
11-12. Other subjects elective. 

Pre-Engineering Course: 

Physics 11-12, 21-22; Mathematics 11-12, 13-14, 21-22; Eng- 
lish 11-12, 21-22; French or German 11-12, 21-22; Chemistry 11-12. 

One-Year Secretarial Course 

Fall Semester: 

Shorthand, Typewriting, Business English, Business Arithmetic, 
and Penmanship. 

Spring Semester: 

Advanced Shorthand (Dictation), Advanced Typewriting, Sec- 
retarial Practice, Bookkeeping. 

NOTE — Satisfactory completion of the one-year course as above would 
yield nine semester-hours credit. 

Two- Year Secretarial Course 

First Year same as above. 

Second Year: 

English 11-12, 6 semester hours; Business Administration 13 
and 14, 6 semester hours; Business Administration 11 and 12, 6 
semester hours; Business Administration 33 and 34, 6 semester hours; 
Advanced Dictation, Business Administration 21-22, 3 semester 
hours. Total, 27 semester hours. 



Departments of Instruction 

DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGY 

MR. GRAVETT 
MR. BEECHER 

Biology is the science of life, and therefore includes the 
study of both plants and animals. The courses are arranged 
to teach the fundamental facts of biology, including the laws 
of development, heredity, and variation, together with studies 
of the habits and distribution of the members of the plant 
and animal kingdoms. The courses are planned for those 
who seek a general culture, or professional training. 

11-12 General Biology. The fundamental principles of the 
biological sciences; correlation of laboratory data with the underlying 
principles discussed in class. Origin and development, structures, 
functions, and interrelations of animal and plant life. 3 hours class 
work, 3 hours laboratory. 8 s. h. 

21-22 Vertebrate Zoology and Comparative Anatomy. The 
morphology, histology, physiology, development, and environmental 
adaptations of the vertebrates. Dissections for the purpose of dis- 
covering homologies and analogies. 2 hours class work, 4 hours lab- 
ratory. 8 s. h. 

24 Botany. A study of the scientific basis for identification 
and classification of the higher forms of plant life, chiefly the flower- 
ing plants. Observation of plants in the Southern Piedmont region 
during the spring. Collection, preservation, and notebook descrip- 
tions of families. Genera and species are made the process by which 
the student may develop independently an ability to recognize and 
name plants, and to use scientifically constructed guides to the plant 
kingdom. 2 hours class work, 2 hours laboratory. 3 s. h. 

31 Bacteriology. Morphology, classification, physiology, and 
chemistry of bacteria, and introductory studies of disease and immun- 
ity. Laboratory work in the common bacteriological techniques: 
staining of bacteria, cultural methods, and the analysis of milk and 
water. Offered in alternate years; 2 hours class work, 4 hours labo- 
ratory work. 4 s. h. 

Not offered in 1940-1941. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 59 

32 Physiology. Circulation, respiration, digestion, internal 
secretion, muscle physiology, reproduction, and other physiological 
processes of animals. Offered in alternate years; 2 hours class work, 
4 hours laboratory work. 4 s. h. 

Not offered in 1940-1941. 

41 Genetics. A general introductory course in studies in hered- 
ity, evolution, and eugenics. Presented as a cultural and preparatory 
course for those wishing to pursue teaching, home making, practice of 
medicine and other related vocations. 3 hours class work, 2 hours 
laboratory work. 4 s. h. 

42 Embryology. The development of the tissues and organs 
of the frog and chick and some work with mammals. Offered in al- 
ternate years; 2 hours class work, 4 hours laboratory work. 4 s. h. 

45 Materials and Methods of Teaching Biology. This course 
is designed to stress nature study, cultures, preserving materials for 
class-work, arranging courses, and organized laboratory work. 4 s. h. 



DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION 

MR. HOWELL 

MRS. HOWELL 

MR. STEWART 

MISS DAVIS 

The courses in Business Administration offer help to four 
kinds of students: 

First, to those who plan to be business men or women, 
the theory and practice of business are taught, so that grad- 
uates may be prepared for positions of responsibility, and for 
greater service to society. 

Second, to those who plan to teach, the courses specified 
by the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction are 
offered to supply the requirements for the certification of 
commercial teachers. 

Third, to those who have not the time or the money for 
a four-year course, either a one-year or a two-year Secretarial 
course is available. Secretarial students must meet the same 
entrance requirements as other students. A Secretarial Cer- 



60 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

tificate is awarded to those who meet certain proficiency 
standards. Only superior students are able to meet those re- 
quirements. Therefore, the two-year course is recommended 
for students of average ability. 

Fourth, to other students who wish to explore the eco- 
nomic structure of society, Business Administration courses 
are ofFered as electives. 

11-12 Principles of Economics* An introductory course to ac- 
quaint the student with the fundamental principles which underlie 
economic relations and activities. An analysis is made of production, 
consumption, exchange, and distribution. A brief survey of money, 
banking, and credit, the business cycle, business organization, monop- 
oly and trusts, labor problems, insurance, public finance, and econom- 
ic reforms. A combination of the lecture and case method will be 
used to relate practical situations to theory. 6 s. h. 

15 Economic Resources and Industry.] This course presents 
an elementary survey of geographic and economic factors — soil, 
climate, power resources, raw materials, available markets, distribu- 
tion of population, etc. — which are essential to production and human 
welfare. Particular emphasis is placed upon the relation of these 
factors to industrial development, distribution and occupations. Fall 
Semester. 3 s. h. 

16 Business Organization and Practice, f The purpose of this 
course is to introduce the student to certain fundamental information 
regarding the characteristics, organization, operations, relative ad- 
vantages and disadvantages of sole proprietorships, partnerships, and 
corporations. Business transactions are studied with respect to their 
elementary legal and economic significance. Valuable information 
regarding the use of checks, notes, drafts, etc., in business transactions 
is obtained through business practice assignments. Spring Semester. 
3 s. h. 

21-22 Principles of Accounting. This course does not require 
a knowledge of bookkeeping. It deals with the proprietorship equa- 
tion, financial statements, the ledger and the trial balance, posting, 



*Required of all students majoring in Business Administration. 

tThis course may not be counted as part of the 30 semester hours required 
for a major in Business Administration; it is, however, recommended for those 
anticipating further work in this department. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 61 

adjusting and closing entries, columnar records, controlling accounts, 
business forms and papers, notes and drafts, partnership accounting, 
classification of accounts, accrued and deferred items, corporation 
statements, elements of manufacturing accounts. Problems, practice 
sets, and lectures. Laboratory fee of $5.00 per semester. Not open 
to Freshmen. 3 hours class work, 3 hours laboratory. 6 s. h. 

25 Salesmanship. This course is a consideration of the broad 
field of personal selling. The steps in a sale, the psychology of the 
selling process, knowledge of goods and of the market, selling to 
wholesalers and to retailers, are some of the problems considered. 
Attention is given to sales methods, the relation of personal selling to 
advertising, sales management, the house policies, the selection, train- 
ing, cooperation with, and supervision of salesmen, and the various 
methods of compensating salesmen. Prerequisite or corequisite: Psy- 
chology 21. 3 s. h. 

28 Credits and Collections. This is a consideration of the place 
of credit in the marketing structure. The economic basis of credit 
extension, the relation of credit to selling, methods of collecting and 
using credit information, credit bureaus, the use of trade acceptances, 
commercial paper, and collection letters, are investigated. Prerequi- 
site: Bus. Adm. 11-12 or 21-22. Spring Semester. 3 s. h. 

31 Marketing. A study of the fundamental processes of the 
system of marketing. Nature and scope of marketing, marketing 
functions, types of middlemen, retail distribution and marketing 
agencies, wholesale marketing of manufactured goods, marketing con- 
veniences, shopping and speciality goods, marketing industrial goods, 
direct selling. Prerequisite: Bus. Adm. 11-12. Fall Semester. 3 s. h. 

32 Merchandising. This course sets forth the different mer- 
chandising policies, methods and principles, with a discussion of 
terms and phraseology in general use. Various methods of computing 
gross and net profits and turnover, effect of turnover on price, profits 
and merchandise investment, use and importance of budgetary control, 
control of inventories, monthly estimated net profit, and inventory 
statements are considered. Prerequsite: Bus. Adm. 11-12. Spring 
Semester. 3 s. h. 

33-34 Business Law. This course is designed to give the 
student an understanding of the main principles of law governing 
the daily conduct of business. A consideration of contracts, agency, 



62 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

partnerships, corporations, negotiable instruments, bankruptcy, sales, 
bailments, personal and real property relations. Prerequisite: Bus. 
Adm. 11-12 or Junior standing. 6 s. h. 

35-36 Advanced Accounting. Profits, analysis of statements, ad- 
vanced work in partnerships and corporations, agencies and branches, 
statements of affairs, realization and liquidation, good will, reserves, 
funds, consolidations, mergers, partnerships, liquidations, consolidat- 
ed balance sheets and profit and loss statements, reorganizations, 
foreign exchange, and insurance. Prerequisite: Business Adminis- 
tration 13-14. Laboratory fee of $5.00 per semester. 3 hours class 
work, 3 hours laboratory. 6 s. h. 

37 Cost Accounting. An introduction to cost accounting pro- 
cedure which includes basic cost terms; accounting for materials, 
labor, and burden; job-lot and process systems. A brief study is 
made of standard costs. Students visit industrial plants in order to 
gain practical information as to the problems involved. Prerequisite : 
Bus. Adm. 11-12 and 21-22. Open to Juniors and Seniors only. 
Fall Semester. 3 s. h. 

Not offered in 1940-1941. 

41 Corporation Finance. Development of corporate forms of 
business; its advantages and disadvantages; promotion; sources of 
capital; stock classifications and rights of stockholders; internal 
financial management; legal positions, receivership and reorganiza- 
tion. Prerequisite: Bus. Adm. 11-12 or 21-22. Open to Juniors and 
Seniors only. Fall Semester. 3 s. h. 

Not offered in 1940-1941. 

42 Money and Banking. A general survey of the modern 
financial system, including the principles and history of money and 
monetary standards; the principles and functions of banks and bank 
credit, commercial banks, investment banks, trust companies, the 
Federal Reserve System; a brief survey of the commercial banking 
systems of other countries. The relation of the business man and 
the banker. Prerequisite: Bus. Adm. 11-12. Open to Juniors and 
Seniors only. Spring Semester. 3 s. h. 

Not offered in 1940-1941. 

43 Life Insurance. The purpose of this course is primarily to 
acquaint the general business student with the subject of life insurance, 
and, secondarily, to provide a foundation course for those intending 
to enter the insurance business. The topics include: the use of life 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 63 

insurance for protection and investment; the selection and treatment 
of risks; the policies and options offered, life insurance programs; 
rate-making; mutual, stock, legal requirements; and company organi- 
zation. Prerequisite: Business Adm. 11-12. Fall Semester. 3 s. h. 
Not offered in 1940-1941. 

44 Auditing. This course deals with the duties of the auditor; 
the problems involved in detailed and balance sheet audits, special 
investigation, and preparation of reports. Prerequisite: Bus. Adm. 
11-12 and 21-22. Open to Juniors and Seniors only. Spring 
Semester. 3 s. h. 

Not offered in 1940-1941. 

45 Materials and Methods. This course is to assist students 
who desire Grade "A" Teaching Certificates in the commercial field. 
Open to Juniors and Seniors. Spring Semester. 3 s. h. 

48 Labor Problems. Causes of industrial unrest and other 
labor problems, the reactions of various groups to these conditions, 
and recent labor tendencies, are discussed. Special emphasis is given 
to the American labor movements, their objects, tactics, and accom- 
plishments. Open only to Juniors and Seniors. Spring Semester. 
3 s. h. 

Not offered in 1940-1941. 

Secretarial Courses 

5 Penmanship. This course is optional, but is recommended 
for those students who have never had a course in penmanship, and 
also for those who write with a laborious and cramped style. It is 
designed to teach the fundamentals of correct posture and to develop 
a fluent, rapid, and legible handwriting. Fall Semester. 3 hours per 
week. 

7 Business Arithmetic. This is a brief elementary course in 
business arithmetic, which reveals short-cuts and helpful suggestions 
for speed in computations. Major emphasis is placed upon develop- 
ing proficiency in those problems frequently met by secretaries and 
office workers; such as problems in billing and pay rolls, interest, 
trade discounts, bank disccunts, profit and loss, and price marking. 
Fall Semester. 3 hours per week. 

8 Secretarial Practice. This course acquaints the student, 
through actual laboratory experience, with the major and minor 
activities and duties of the secretary. It is designed to bring into the 



64 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

classroom, as much as possible, the office atmosphere. Filing, index- 
ing, mailing procedures, transcription methods, and financial duties 
are emphasized. Spring Semester. 3 hours per week, with additional 
laboratory hours. 

11 Business English. The purpose of this course is to give 
the basic elements and principles of good practical English, as adapted 
to the usages of modern business. The topics discussed, besides a 
thorough review of grammar, are letter planning and organization; 
effective letter layout; credits, collections, and adjustments; selling 
by mail; job-hunting by mail; fact writing — reports and memoran- 
dums; basic advertising. Fall Semester. 3 hours per week. 

12 Bookkeeping and Accounting. This elementary course ac- 
quaints students with present day methods of keeping and interpreting 
business records and reports. In addition to the regular bookkeeping 
cycle, special journals, notes, interest, discount, deferred charges, 
reserves, and columnar records, are studied. 

13-14 Shorthand* Fundamental principles of Gregg Short- 
hand with special emphasis on accuracy and speed. Practice work 
in dictation and transcription. In the spring semester intensive work 
is done in dictation and transcription. 6 hours per week throughout 

the year. 

15-16 Typewriting* The course in touch typewriting includes 
a speed-building program, which develops a high degree of skill. 
Five hours of class instruction, and six hours of laboratory work, 

each week throughout the year. 

18 Office Management. This course is for students who desire 
teacher's certificates in the commercial field. 

21-22 Advanced Dictation. A second-year course in shorthand, 
consisting of rapid dictation and rapid transcription. Training in the 
editing duty of the private secretary is a part of this course. Effective 
English is stressed, as well as the art of completing transcripts with 
dispatch. 3 hours per week. 3 s. h. 



*Business 13, 14 and 15, 16 taken together by a Junior or Senior majoring 
in Business Administration may count for six semester-hours, but this credit 
will not be certified on the student's record until all other semester-hour require- 
ments are completed. 

NOTE — Nine semester hours credit will be allowed upon the satisfactory 
completion of the one-year Secretarial course. 



THE CATALOGUE NUMBER 65 

DEPARTMENT OF CHEMISTRY 

MR. BRANNOCK 

Since matter is one of the two fundamental entities of the 
universe, chemistry is one of the fundamental sciences. Hence 
it is advantageous for those working in any field of science to 
study chemistry. 

The field of chemistry is broad and practical. There is 
no great industry which does not make use of some chemical 
principles. Chemistry is recommended to those who plan to 
enter the special fields of astronomy, geology, biology, med- 
icine, dentistry, pharmacy, nursing, home economics, agri- 
culture, or engineering. Aside from its vocational values, 
chemistry is also recognized as an important part of a general 
education. 

11-12 General Chemistry. Fundamental principles of inor- 
ganic, physical, and experimental chemistry. Each student is required 
to keep a note book in which he must record his experimental work. 
3 hours class work, 3 hours laboratory. 8 s. h. 

21-22 Advanced Inorganic Chemistry and Qualitative Analysis. 
The kinetic-molecular hypothesis, solutions, electrolysis, the chemical 
behavior of ionic substances, chemical equilibrium, and electro-motive 
chemistry. 3 hours class work, 3 hours laboratory work. 8 s. h. 

Not offered in 1940-1941. 

31-32 Organic Chemistry. Organic compounds, including the 
aliphatic and the aromatic series: hydrocarbons of the methane series, 
alcohols, organic acids, ethers, anhydrides, esters, aldehydes, ketones, 
amines, amides, halogen compounds, cyanogen, carbonhydrates, cylic 
hydrocarbons, dyes, and proteins. The laboratory work consists not 
only in the methods of preparation and purification of compounds, 
but also in methods of arriving at their structures. 3 hours class 
work, 3 hours laboratory. 8 s. h. 

41-42 Quantitative Analysis. Chiefly laboratory work in sin> 
pie introductory determinations in gravimetric and volumetric methods 
of analysis. Pure salts of known composition are first analyzed, fol- 
lowed by unknown specimens consiting of pure salts or mixtures of 
pure salts. 1 hour class work, 6 hours laboratory. 8 s. h. 



66 ELON COLLEGE BULLETIN 

45-46 Materials and Methods of Teaching High School Chem- 
istry. The main purpose of this course is to present the modern 
theory and methods of teaching chemistry in secondary schools. 
6 s. h. 

47-48 Physical Chemistry. Problems in the gaseous, liquid, 
and solid states; solutions; the phrase rule, thermo-chmeistry; chemi- 
cal change; and electro-chemistry. 3 hours class work. 6 s. h. 

Not offered in 1940-1941. 

51-52 Physiological Chemistry. Enzymes, carbonhydrates, fats, 
proteins, digestion, blood and lymph, respiration and acidosis, metab- 
olism, and accessory foods. 1 hour class work, 6 hours laboratory. 
8 s. h. 

Not